Newsweek is an American weekly magazine founded in 1933. Between 2008 and 2012, Newsweek experienced financial difficulties, leading to the cessation of print publication and a transition to all-digital format at the end of 2012; the print edition was relaunched in March 2014. Revenue declines prompted an August 2010 sale by owner The Washington Post Company to audio pioneer Sidney Harman—for a purchase price of one dollar and an assumption of the magazine's liabilities; that year, Newsweek merged with the news and opinion website The Daily Beast, forming The Newsweek Daily Beast Company. Newsweek was jointly owned by the estate of Harman and the diversified American media and Internet company IAC. In 2013, IBT Media announced it had acquired Newsweek from IAC. IBT Media rebranded itself as Newsweek Media Group in 2017, but returned to IBT Media in 2018 after making Newsweek independent. News-Week was launched in 1933 by Thomas J. C. Martyn, a former foreign-news editor for Time, he obtained financial backing from a group of U.
S. stockholders "which included Ward Cheney, of the Cheney silk family, John Hay Whitney, Paul Mellon, son of Andrew W. Mellon". Paul Mellon's ownership in Newsweek represented "the first attempt of the Mellon family to function journalistically on a national scale." The group of original owners invested around $2.5 million. Other large stockholders prior to 1946 were public utilities investment banker Stanley Childs and Wall Street corporate lawyer Wilton Lloyd-Smith. Journalist Samuel T. Williamson served as the first editor-in-chief of Newsweek; the first issue of the magazine was dated February 17, 1933. Seven photographs from the week's news were printed on the first issue's cover. In 1937 News-Week merged with the weekly journal Today, founded in 1932 by future New York Governor and diplomat W. Averell Harriman, Vincent Astor of the prominent Astor family; as a result of the deal and Astor provided $600,000 in venture capital funds and Vincent Astor became both the chairman of the board and its principal stockholder between 1937 and his death in 1959.
In 1937 Malcolm Muir took over as editor-in-chief. He changed the name to Newsweek, emphasized interpretive stories, introduced signed columns, launched international editions. Over time the magazine developed a broad spectrum of material, from breaking stories and analysis to reviews and commentary; the magazine was purchased by The Washington Post Company in 1961. Osborn Elliott was named editor of Newsweek in 1961 and became the editor in chief in 1969. In 1970, Eleanor Holmes Norton represented sixty female employees of Newsweek who had filed a claim with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission that Newsweek had a policy of only allowing men to be reporters; the women won, Newsweek agreed to allow women to be reporters. The day the claim was filed, Newsweek's cover article was "Women in Revolt", covering the feminist movement. Edward Kosner became editor from 1975 to 1979 after directing the magazine's extensive coverage of the Watergate scandal that led to the resignation of President Richard Nixon in 1974.
Richard M. Smith became chairman in 1998, the year that the magazine inaugurated its "Best High Schools in America" list, a ranking of public secondary schools based on the Challenge Index, which measures the ratio of Advanced Placement or International Baccalaureate exams taken by students to the number of graduating students that year, regardless of the scores earned by students or the difficulty in graduating. Schools with average SAT scores above 1300 or average ACT scores above 27 are excluded from the list. In 2008, there were 17 Public Elites. Smith resigned as board chairman in December 2007. During 2008–2009, Newsweek undertook a dramatic business restructuring. Citing difficulties in competing with online news sources to provide unique news in a weekly publication, the magazine refocused its content on opinion and commentary beginning with its May 24, 2009, issue, it shrank its subscriber rate base, from 3.1 million to 2.6 million in early 2008, to 1.9 million in July 2009 and to 1.5 million in January 2010—a decline of 50% in one year.
Meacham described his strategy as "counterintuitive" as it involved discouraging renewals and nearly doubling subscription prices as it sought a more affluent subscriber base for its advertisers. During this period, the magazine laid off staff. While advertising revenues were down 50% compared to the prior year, expenses were diminished, whereby the publishers hoped Newsweek would return to profitability; the financial results for 2009 as reported by The Washington Post Company showed that advertising revenue for Newsweek was down 37% in 2009 and the magazine division reported an operating loss for 2009 of $29.3 million compared to a loss of $16 million in 2008. During the first quarter of 2010, the magazine lost nearly $11 million. By May 2010, Newsweek was put up for sale; the sale attracted international bidders. One bidder was Syrian entrepreneur Abdulsalam Haykal, CEO of Syrian publishing company Haykal Media, who brought together a coalition of Middle Eastern investors with his company.
Haykal claimed his bid was ignored by Newsweek's bankers, Allen & Co. The magazine was sold to audio pioneer Sidney Harman on August 2, 2010, for $1 in exchange for assuming the magazine's financial liabilities. Harman's bid was accepted over three competitors. Meacham left the magazine upon completion of the sale. Sidney Harman was the
Garner Magnet High School
Garner Magnet High School is a comprehensive public high school in Garner, North Carolina, United States, a city southeast of Raleigh. The school was founded as Garner Senior High School, which graduated its first class in 1969. Garner is one of four high schools in the Wake County Public School System, along with Needham B. Broughton High School, William G. Enloe High School, Millbrook High School, that offers the International Baccalaureate Programme of study; as of 2018-19, Garner offers its nearly 2,400 students 34 IB Diploma Programme courses, 16 Advanced Placement courses, 48 Career and Technical Education courses, Three world languages, a Public Safety Career Academy, an Army JROTC program, courses in Music, Dance and Visual Arts, 19 varsity sports, 50 student clubs. The school is seeking authorization to begin offering the International Baccalaureate Career-related Programme beginning in the fall of 2019; the school opened in the fall of 1968. Garner Consolidated School had served African-American students.
Garner High School had served white students (and handful of African-American students who elected to attend under the "choice" plan, in place prior to desegregation. Garner resident Tim Stevens, a retired journalist, in March 2018 premiered a theatrical production, "68," telling the story of the school's September 2 opening that year. Stevens credits the community and principal Wayne Bare for managing integration peacefully and for overcoming a number of construction delays. In a 2008 book on implementation of the Supreme Court's Brown v. Board of Education decision, editors Daugherity and Bolton attribute Garner's successful desegregation to Bare's effort to create a shared culture and avoid a power imbalance. In the summer of 2016, the Garner Magnet High School building was torn down due to mold and mildew, Garner Magnet High School's students were located in the South Garner High School building until the renovation of Garner Magnet High School was complete. Brandon Banks, former NFL player for the Washington Redskins Anthony Blaylock, former NFL defensive back Chris Culliver, NFL player Tucker Dupree, American swimmer, competed in the 2012 and 2016 Paralympic games Nyheim Hines, NFL player, a two sport athlete in football/track at NC State James Mays, basketball player, Clemson University 100 greatest players, professional player 3-time All-Star, China National Basketball League Scotty McCreery, country music singer and season 10 winner of American Idol Richard Medlin, NFL player King Mez, Grammy nominated song writer.
Wilmont Perry, NFL and Arena League football player John Wall, All-Star NBA player for the Washington Wizards Pat Watkins, baseball player David West, NBA player Donald Williams, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Professional football player for the Detroit Lions and Pittsburgh Steelers Stevens, Tim. "This Wake County school wasn't going to open on time. But the community stepped up"; the News & Observer
Rowing referred to as crew in the United States, is a sport whose origins reach back to Ancient Egyptian times. It involves propelling a boat on water using oars. By pushing against the water with an oar, a force is generated to move the boat; the sport can be either recreational for enjoyment or fitness, or competitive, when athletes race against each other in boats. There are a number of different boat classes in which athletes compete, ranging from an individual shell to an eight-person shell with a coxswain. Modern rowing as a competitive sport can be traced to the early 10th century when races were held between professional watermen on the River Thames in London, United Kingdom. Prizes were offered by the London Guilds and Livery Companies. Amateur competition began towards the end of the 18th century with the arrival of "boat clubs" at the British public schools of Eton College, Shrewsbury School, Westminster School. Clubs were formed at the University of Oxford, with a race held between Brasenose College and Jesus College in 1815.
At the University of Cambridge the first recorded races were in 1827. Public rowing clubs were beginning at the same time. In 1843, the first American college rowing club was formed at Yale University; the International Rowing Federation, responsible for international governance of rowing, was founded in 1892 to provide regulation at a time when the sport was gaining popularity. Across six continents, 150 countries now have rowing federations. Rowing is one of the oldest Olympic sports. Though it was on the programme for the 1896 games, racing did not take place due to bad weather. Male rowers have competed since the 1900 Summer Olympics. Women's rowing was added to the Olympic programme in 1976. Today, there are fourteen boat classes which race at the Olympics: Each year the World Rowing Championships are staged by FISA with 22 boat classes that race. In Olympic years, only the non-Olympic boat classes are raced at the World Championships; the European Rowing Championships are held annually, along with three World Rowing Cups in which each event earns a number of points for a country towards the World Cup title.
Since 2008, rowing has been competed at the Paralympic Games. Major domestic competitions take place in dominant rowing nations and include The Boat Race and Henley Royal Regatta in the United Kingdom, the Australian Rowing Championships in Australia, the Harvard–Yale Regatta and Head of the Charles Regatta in the United States, Royal Canadian Henley Regatta in Canada. Many other competitions exist for racing between clubs and universities in each nation. While rowing, the athlete sits in the boat facing toward the stern, uses the oars which are held in place by the oarlocks to propel the boat forward; this may be done on a canal, lake, sea, or other large bodies of water. The sport requires strong core balance, physical strength and cardiovascular endurance. Whilst the action of rowing and equipment used remains consistent throughout the world, there are many different types of competition; these include endurance races, time trials, stake racing, bumps racing, the side-by-side format used in the Olympic games.
The many different formats are a result of the long history of the sport, its development in different regions of the world, specific local requirements and restrictions. There are two forms of rowing: In sweep or sweep-oar rowing, each rower has one oar, held with both hands; this is done in pairs and eights. In some regions of the world, each rower in a sweep boat is referred to either as port or starboard, depending on which side of the boat the rower's oar extends to. In other regions, the port side is referred to as stroke side, the starboard side as bow side. In sculling each rower has two oars, one in each hand. Sculling is done without a coxswain, in quads, doubles or singles; the oar in the sculler's right hand extends to port, the oar in the left hand extends to starboard. The rowing stroke may be characterized by two fundamental reference points; the catch, placement of the oar blade in the water, the extraction known as the finish or release, when the rower removes the oar blade from the water.
The action between catch and release is the first phase of the stroke. At the catch the rower places the blade in the water and applies pressure to the oar by pushing the seat toward the bow of the boat by extending the legs, thus pushing the boat through the water; the point of placement of the blade in the water is a fixed point about which the oar serves as a lever to propel the boat. As the rower's legs approach full extension, the rower pivots the torso toward the bow of the boat and finally pulls the arms towards his or her chest; the hands meet the chest right above the diaphragm. At the end of the stroke, with the blade still in the water, the hands drop to unload the oar so that spring energy stored in the bend of the oar gets transferred to the boat, which eases removing the oar from the water and minimizes energy wasted on lifting water above the surface; the recovery phase follows the drive. The recovery starts with the extraction and involves coordinating the body movements with the goal to move th
John W. Ligon Middle School
John W. Ligon GT Magnet Middle School John W. Ligon Junior-Senior High School, is a public magnet middle school in the Wake County Public School System located in the Chavis Heights neighborhood of Raleigh, North Carolina, it was an all black high school in Raleigh until it was integrated in 1971. John W. Ligon High School was founded in 1953, replacing Washington Graded and High School as the only all black secondary education institution in Raleigh, North Carolina; the overall building costs amounted to $1 million, making it the largest school construction project in the state at the time. It was named after John William Ligon, an educator, local pastor and interim principal at Washington; the school's books were supplied secondhand from its white counterpart, Needham B. Broughton High School. Ligon was seen as model for black education throughout the state, attracting a large number of students and an educated teaching staff from the local black colleges. By the late 1960s it possessed a higher percentage of teachers with graduate degrees than any of Raleigh's three white schools.
Ligon served as the city's only black high school until 1971, when it was desegregated and subsequently converted into a junior high school. In the late 1970s, officials considered closing the school, but this was met with opposition from alumni and Ligon continued to operate. In 1982, Ligon was formally consolidated into the new Wake County Public School System and became involved in the Magnet Program; the Crosby-Garfield school in Raleigh merged into Ligon at the same time. Between 1994 and 1995, computers and laserdisc players were installed in many of the school's classrooms. 360 students were educated on the use of ClarisWorks, HyperStudio, MacGlobe software. Teachers were trained in the areas of data management and multimedia. In the early 2000s, the school underwent major renovations and expansions, including the construction of new hallways, a baseball field, more classrooms. After the racial integration period, Ligon promoted diversity, still part of its goal; as of 2007, there were 157 Asian students, 376 African-American students, 496 White students, 17 Hispanic students.
In addition, students' differences in income and class are shown by the 24% of the school which gets reduced price or free lunches. A large number of its NC state-identified Academically Gifted students go on to the Magnet William G. Enloe High School. In the 2008-09 school year, only 34% of applicants received admission. 2004 Magnet School of Distinction 2005 Magnet School of Excellence 2006 Magnet School of Excellence 2008 Magnet School of Excellence 2009 Magnet School of Excellence 2010 Magnet School of Excellence 2010 Football Conference Champions 2012 Football Conference Champions 2012 Girls' Soccer Conference Champions Ligon belongs to multiple school related organizations. Among them are: Family and Community Leaders of America National Junior Honor Society Tri-M Music Honor Society Ligon has many extracurricular courses and electives; these include foreign languages, which include Spanish, French and American Sign Language. Ligon will be starting Chinese again starting with the 2013-2014 school year.
Ligon offers courses in physical education. These would include, Tennis 1, Tennis 2, basketball 1, basketball 2, basketball 3, racket sports, sports variety, soccer 1, soccer 2, fencing. Ligon has electives that can be as specific as Flash software and Visual Basic programming. Many electives involve students in running the school, such as technical theater, LTV. Unlike most middle schools, who only have ten or so electives, Ligon has about 300 electives. Students can take three electives per quarter, unless they are taking semester-long, or year-long electives. Ligon offers multiple courses in orchestra, dance and acting. Two of Ligon's string orchestras, Silver Strings and Ligon Philharmonic, performed in Carnegie Hall, New York City, NY. Mrs. Ruth A. Johnsen is the conductor of both orchestras, along with Apprentice Orchestra. Ligon's colors are blue and gold, their teams are referred to as the Little Blues. Ligon's sports teams include: Volleyball Softball Football Men's and Women's Soccer Men's and Women's Basketball Track and Field Cheerleading Shantan Krovvidi went to the National Geography Bee after winning the North Carolina state competition.
On 19 May 2009, Krovvidi qualified for the final round. On 20 May 2009, Krovvidi took third place in the final round. Ligon Middle School official website Magnet Schools of America official website NCSU Ligon History Project Ligon Staff
Thales Academy is a network of private non-sectarian community schools located in central North Carolina. The school was founded in 2007 by Robert L. Luddy and graduated its first K-12 class in 2016 with three seniors; as of 2018, there were over 2,500 students across six campus locations in the Raleigh area. The Pre-K-12 college preparatory school was named for the Greek philosopher Thales of Miletus credited as the father of Greek Philosophy. Thales Academy, a 501 not-for-profit school, was established in 2007 by Robert L. Luddy, a North Carolina entrepreneur, educator and founder and CEO of CaptiveAire Systems. Prior to Thales, Bob Luddy founded Franklin Academy in Wake Forest, one of the state's largest and best–performing charter schools, St. Thomas More Academy in Raleigh, an independent Catholic college preparatory school. Since its founding, Thales Academy has opened six locations, two more are in development. Current locations for Thales Academy are Apex, Raleigh and Wake Forest, North Carolina, with developing campuses in Holly Springs and Pittsboro.
The newly constructed, two-story brick buildings consist of 20 classrooms on 34,000 square feet or 55,000 square feet. The buildings feature Greek columns, polished concrete floors, tall ceilings, painted classical murals in hallways in an effort to encourage a love for learning. Thales K–5 offer playgrounds with artificial turf. Thales junior high and high schools offer full-sized gymnasiums and auditoriums as well as outdoor soccer fields. Thales Academy uses a classical education method to educate its students. In grades K–5, the school uses a methodology known as Direct Instruction. DI uses a systematic curriculum design to engage students and retain focus in order to maximize learning in the classroom. In grades 6–12, DI is phased out as students begin to use the Socratic Method through education in the trivium. Official website
Wake County, North Carolina
Wake County is a county in the U. S. state of North Carolina. As of July 1, 2015, the population was 1,024,198, making it North Carolina's second-most populous county. From July 2005 to July 2006, Wake County was the 9th fastest-growing county in the United States, with the town of Cary and the city of Raleigh being the 8th and 15th fastest-growing cities, respectively, its county seat is Raleigh, the state capital. Eleven other municipalities are in Wake County, the largest of, Cary, the third largest city of the Research Triangle region and the seventh largest municipality in North Carolina, it is governed by the Wake County Board of Commissioners, coterminous with the Wake County Public School System school district, with law enforcement provided by the Wake County Sheriff's Department. It is part of the wider Triangle J Council of Governments which governs regional planning. Present day Wake County was once part of the Tuscarora nation. Wake County was formed in 1771 from parts of Cumberland County, Johnston County, Orange County.
The first courthouse was built at a village called Wake Courthouse, now known as Bloomsbury. In 1771, the first elections and court were held, the first militia units were organized. Wake County lost some of its territory through the formation of other counties. Parts were included in Franklin County in 1787, in Durham County in both 1881 and 1911. During the colonial period of North Carolina, the state capital was New Bern. For several years during and after the Revolutionary War there was no capital, the General Assembly met in various locations. Fayetteville was the state capital from 1789 to 1793, when Raleigh became the permanent state capital. In 1792, a commission was appointed to select a site to build a permanent state capital; the commission members favored land owned by Colonel John Hinton across the Neuse River, but the night before the final vote the committee adjourned to the home of Joel Lane for an evening of food and spirits. The next day, the vote went in Lane's favor. Lane named Wake County in honor of wife of colonial Governor William Tryon.
Raleigh was named after Sir Walter Raleigh, established in 1792 on 1,000 acres purchased from Lane. Raleigh had never set foot in North Carolina, but he had sponsored the establishment of the first English colony in North America on North Carolina's Roanoke Island in 1585; the city of Raleigh became the new seat of Wake County. The Battle at Morrisville Station was fought April 13–15, 1865 in Morrisville, North Carolina during the Carolinas Campaign of the American Civil War, it was the last official battle of the Civil War between the armies of Major General William T. Sherman and General Joseph E. Johnston. General Judson Kilpatrick, commanding officer of the Union cavalry advance, compelled Confederate forces under the command of Generals Wade Hampton III and Joseph Wheeler to withdraw in haste, they had been frantically trying to transport their remaining supplies and wounded by rail westward toward the final Confederate encampment in Greensboro, NC. Kilpatrick used artillery on the heights overlooking Morrisville Station and cavalry charges to push the Confederates out of the small village leaving many needed supplies behind.
However, the trains were able to withdraw with wounded from the Battle of Bentonville and the Battle of Averasboro. General Johnston sent a courier to the Federal encampments at Morrisville with a message for Major General Sherman requesting a conference to discuss an armistice. Several days the two generals met at Bennett Place near Durham on April 17, 1865, to begin discussing the terms of what would become the largest surrender of the war. In the 20th century, the average per capita income for the county was of $54,988, the median income for a family was of $67,149. In the same period, the per capita income decreased from $44,472 to $31,579 for women. About 7.80% of the population was below the federal poverty line. In August 2014, the population hit 1,000,000 people. In November 2017, commissioners of Wake and Harnett counties discussed the possibility of redrawing the line between the counties using the latest technology; this could affect 27 homeowners who would end up in a different county or have their property divided between the two.
The county is governed by the Wake County Board of Commissioners, a seven-member board of County Commissioners, elected at large to serve four-year terms. Terms are staggered so every two years, three or four Commissioners are up for election; the commissioners enact policies such as the establishment of the property tax rate, regulation of land use and zoning outside municipal jurisdictions, adoption of the annual budget. Commissioners meet on the third Mondays of each month. Current members of the Wake County Board of Commissioners are Jessica Holmes, Sig Hutchinson, John Burns, Matt Calabria, Greg Ford, Erv Portman, James West. David Ellis is the County Manager. Wake County is a member of the regional Triangle J Council of Governments. While North Carolina is a conservative state, Wake County is a swing voting area. From 1828 to 1964, the county was won by Democratic presidential candidates in all but six elections. From 1968 to 2004, Republicans won the county in every election but one, when Bill Clinton carried it in 1992.
However, the races have always been close, such as in 1980, when Ronald Reagan won by a landslide nationwide, but by a mere one percent in Wake County. Republican George W. Bush won the county in 2000 with 53 percent of the vote and defeated J
A charter school is a school that receives government funding but operates independently of the established state school system in which it is located. Charter schools are an example of public asset privatization. There is ongoing debate on whether charter schools ought to be described as private schools or state schools. Advocates of the charter model state that they are public schools because they are open to all students and do not charge tuition, while critics cite charter schools' private operation and loose regulations regarding public accountability and labor issues as arguments against the concept. All Australian private schools have received some federal government funding since the 1970s. Since they have educated 30% of high school students. None of them is a charter school. Since 2009, the Government of Western Australia has been trialling the Independent Public School Initiative; these public schools could be regarded as akin to ` charter' Schools. The Canadian province of Alberta enacted legislation in 1994 enabling charter schools.
The first charter schools under the new legislation were established in 1995: New Horizons Charter School, Suzuki Charter School, the Centre for Academic and Personal Excellence. As of 2015, Alberta remains the only Canadian province. There are 23 charter school campuses operated by 13 Alberta charter schools; the number of charter schools is limited to a maximum of 15. Chile has a long history of private subsidized schooling, akin to charter schooling in the United States. Before the 1980s, most private subsidized schools were religious and owned by churches or other private parties, but they received support from the central government. In the 1980s, the government of Augusto Pinochet promoted neoliberal reforms in the country. In 1981 a competitive voucher system in education was adopted; these vouchers could be used in private subsidized schools. After this reform, the share of private subsidized schools, many of them secular, grew from 18.5% of schools in 1980 to 32.7% of schools in 2001. As of 2012, nearly 60% of Chilean students study in charter schools.
Colombia, like Chile, has a long tradition of private schools. With the economic crisis of religious orders, different levels of the state have had to finance these schools to keep them functioning. In some cities such as Bogotá, there are programs of private schools financed by public resources, giving education access to children from poor sectors; these cases, are small and about 60% of children and young people study in private schools paid for by their families. Moreover, private schools have higher quality than public ones; the United Kingdom established grant-maintained schools in England and Wales in 1988. They allowed individual schools; when they were abolished in 1998, most turned into foundation schools, which are under their local district authority but still have a high degree of autonomy. Prior to the 2010 general election, there were about 200 academies in England; the Academies Act 2010 aims to vastly increase this number. Due to Art. 7 of the Grundgesetz, private schools may only be set up if they do not increase the segregation of pupils by their parents' income class.
In return, all private schools are supported financially by government bodies, comparable to charter schools. The amount of control over school organization, curriculum etc. taken over by the state differs from state to state and from school to school. Average financial support given by government bodies was 85% of total costs in 2009. Academically, all private schools must lead their students to the ability to attain standardized, government-provided external tests such as the Abitur; some private schools in Hong Kong receive government subsidy under the Direct Subsidy Scheme. DSS schools are free to design their curriculum, select their own students, charge for tuition. A number of DSS schools were state schools prior to joining the scheme. Charter schools in New Zealand, labelled as Partnership schools | kura hourua, were allowed for after an agreement between the National Party and the ACT Party following the 2011 general election; the controversial legislation passed with a five-vote majority.
A small number of charter schools started in 2013 and 2014. All cater for students. Most of the students have issues with drugs, poor attendance and achievement. Most of the students are Pacific Islander. One of the schools is set up as a military academy. One of the schools ran into major difficulties within weeks of starting, it is now being run by an executive manager from Child and Family, a government social welfare organization, together with a commissioner appointed by the Ministry of Education. 36 organizations have applied to start charter schools. As in Sweden, the publicly funded but run charter schools in Norway are named friskoler and was formally instituted in 2003, but dismissed in 2007. Private schools have since medieval times been a part of the education system, is today consisting of 63 Montessori and 32 Steiner charter schools, some religious schools and 11 non-governmental funded schools like the Oslo International School, the German School Max Tau and the French School Lycée Français, a total of 195 schools.
All charter schools can have a list of admission priorities, but only the non-governmental funded schools are allowed to select their students and to make a profit. The charter schoo