Rally de Catalunya
The Rally Catalunya is a rally competition held in Catalonia region of Spain, on the World Rally Championship schedule. Now held on the wide and sweeping asphalt roads around the town of Salou, Costa Daurada, it was held around the region of Costa Brava. In the 2012 season, the rally was held 8–11 November. Rally de Catalunya was first held in 1957. Official site
Rally de Portugal
The Rally de Portugal is a rally competition held in Portugal. First held in 1967, the seventh running of the race, the 7º TAP Rallye de Portugal was the third event in the inaugural FIA World Rally Championship in 1973; the rally remained on the WRC calendar for the next 29 years, after being dropped for 2002–2006, the event returned to Portugal in 2007. During the 1970s, 1980s and early 1990s, Rally de Portugal was a mixed event between asphalt and gravel, it is an all-gravel event. Rally de Portugal has been awarded "The Best Rally in the World" five times and in 2000 "The Most Improved Rally of the Year"; the most successful driver in the history of the rally is Finland's Markku Alén, who has won the event five times. The Rally of Portugal has an important aspect which once made it maybe infamous. During the 1970s and the 1980s, Portugal was known for spectators standing on the roadway as the cars drove by resulting in near-collisions, in the 1986 season a collision between cars and spectators.
It was the last year. And it was because of a tragic accident which occurred during the rally that the future of Group B cars came under scrutiny; the final blow came at the Tour de Corse that year with the death of Henri Toivonen. In the first section of the rally, in the "Lagoa Azul" stage, Portuguese works Ford rally driver Joaquim Santos came over a crest in his RS200 getting too loose through the corner. Santos managed to avoid the crowd on the outside of the corner, but he was not able to avoid the crowd on the inside of the corner; the inevitable happened. After this accident all works. Although it was tragic, it was a logical result for the irresponsible behaviour of the Portuguese crowd throughout years. Additionally the speed of the Group B cars was a contributing factor, it was not only dangerous for the crowd, but for the drivers themselves. Former world champion Timo Salonen admitted at the'86 edition that he was scared to run first on the road. Walter Röhrl had his own theory on the crowd situation: "You just have to see the crowd as a wall and not as spectators."
It did not go any better in following years. At the 1987 edition a entered, FR car driven by Portuguese rally car driver Joaquim Guedes plunged into the crowd. Luckily enough this only led to minor injuries, it was not until the early 1990s that the Portuguese rally became an example for better crowd control and for being a great rally itself. Crowds were better-behaved and more aware of the risks involved in spectating. In the 1980s, the rally had a special stage at the Autódromo do Estoril; the last WRC edition of the Portugal rally for five years was run under heavy rain in 2001. It was won by Tommi Mäkinen in a Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution. In 2002, it was replaced in favour of Germany's Rallye Deutschland. In 2005, the organisers of the Rally of Portugal announced their intentions to rejoin the WRC, this time switching locations to an area around the Algarve; this means. It is driven on gravel these days; this is frowned upon the Portuguese fans, who consider the Algarve stages less exciting, reflected in lower attendance numbers.
In 2006, it ran as an official WRC candidate event for the 2007 WRC calendar and was formally incorporated into the 2007 calendar on 5 July 2006. The 2007 Rally Portugal was the fifth round of the season and was won by Citroën Total's Sébastien Loeb. After a year in the Intercontinental Rally Challenge schedule, the Rally Portugal returned to the WRC calendar for the 2009 season; the competition in the 2009 Rally Portugal was set in the surroundings of Faro, capital of Algarve, on twisty hill sections, with fast blind corners and narrow sections. The first stage in the Estádio Algarve was won by Henning Solberg, but when the rally began, Jari-Matti Latvala took the lead. However, he soon suffered a big crash; the rally was won by Loeb. Rally out of World Rally Championship Rally back to World Rally Championship, but held in Algarve Rally back to its roots: North of Portugal Notes† – Event was shortened after stages were cancelled. Embolded drivers are competing in the World Rally Championship in the current season.
A pink background indicates an event, not part of the World Rally Championship. TAP Rallye de Portugal Roll of Honour at Rallybase Official website
Volkswagen Polo R WRC
The Volkswagen Polo R WRC is a World Rally Car built and operated by Volkswagen Motorsport and based on the Volkswagen Polo for use in the World Rally Championship. The car, which made its début at the start of the 2013 season, is built to the second generation of World Rally Car regulations that were introduced 2011, which are based upon the existing Super 2000 regulations, but powered by a turbocharged 1.6-litre engine rather than the aspirated 2-litre engine found in Super 2000 cars. The Polo R WRC marks Volkswagen's second entry into the World Rally Championship as a manufacturer. Volkswagen Motorsport had entered the Volkswagen Golf GTI and GTI 16V in rallies between 1983 and 1988, while the company made the Volkswagen Golf Mk3 and Mk4 available as a kit car to privateer entries during the Group A era from 1993 to 1997; the car was successful from its début, winning forty-three of the fifty-three rallies that it entered, scoring thirty-seven more podiums. Sébastien Ogier won thirty-one rallies and four consecutive FIA World Rally Championships for Drivers between 2013 and 2016, whilst Volkswagen Motorsport secured the FIA World Rally Championship for Manufacturers in all four years.
The Polo R WRC was retired from competition at the end of the 2016 season when Volkswagen withdrew from the category. A Polo built to Group R5 specifications was commissioned for use in the World Rally Championship-2; the Polo R WRC was unveiled in May 2011, spent the next eighteen months in testing, with two-time World Rally Champion Carlos Sainz, Sébastien Ogier—who was recruited to the team from the Citroën World Rally Team at the end of the 2011 season—and Volkswagen's testing and development driver Dieter Depping carrying out development in Norway, Germany and Mexico to simulate the conditions the car would encounter in competition. The testing phase was not without incident. No-one was injured in the crash, but the car was too damaged to continue testing. Further testing took place in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur to prepare the cars for the unique snow and tarmac roads used in the Monte Carlo Rally, the first event of the 2013 season; the car was intended to make its debut at the 2012 Rally d'Italia in Sardegna, but these plans were abandoned in favour of continuing development, the car was submitted to the FIA in November for homologation.
Parallel to this, Volkswagen Motorsport entered two Škoda Fabias built to Super 2000 specifications in twelve rounds of the 2012 season—and a third car in the 2012 Rallye Deutschland—to develop experience in running a World Rally Championship team. As the team was not competing with a World Rally Car, they were ineligible for championship points; the final build of the Polo R WRC was formally launched in December 2012 in Monaco. Two cars driven by Sébastien Ogier and Jari-Matti Latvala contested the full 2013 season of the World Rally Championship. Andreas Mikkelsen competed part-time throughout 2013 in a third car, entered under the name "Volkswagen Motorsport II". In its debut season, the car scored six wins in its first eight rallies. After finishing second on the Rallye Monte Carlo, Sébastien Ogier went on to win the rallies of Sweden and Portugal. Jari-Matti Latvala scored his first win for Volkswagen in Greece. Following concerns that the cost of moving to a new specification for the 2014 season would drive Ford and Citroën out of the category, Volkswagen lobbied to keep the current car spec for another year.
Ogier continued his winning streak with victories in the Rally d'Italia Sardegna, Rally Finland, had the opportunity to secure the FIA World Rally Championship for Drivers at the Rally Deutschland. However, a mistake on the first leg forced him into retirement, while he re-entered the following day under the Rally-2 regulations, doing so came with an automatic five-minute time penalty and Ogier finished seventeenth overall. Despite this, Ogier won the rally's power stage, as a result, would go on to score points in every round of the championship. Ogier had another opportunity to win the title in Australia, but Qatar World Rally Team driver Thierry Neuville—by this point, the only driver still in mathematical contention for the championship—finished the rally second overall, forcing the title fight to go unresolved until the next round in France. Ogier needed to out-score Neuville by just a single point to be declared the 2013 champion, he achieved this on the first stage of the rally, which in a break with tradition, was run as the event's power stage.
Ogier went on to win the rally, finished the season with two more wins in Spain, where a second-place finish for teammate Latvala was enough to secure the Manufacturers' title for Volkswagen, Wales, where Latvala against finished second. At the end of the season, the Polo R WRC had won ten of the thirteen rallies it entered, finished on the podium eight more times, secured both the Drivers' and Manufacturers' championships at the first attempt. In doing so, Ogier and Volkswagen broke Sébastien Loeb and Citroën's streak of nine consecutive World Drivers' and Manufacturers' Championship titles respectively. In anticipation of its title defence in 2014, development of the car continued through the 2013–2014 off-season, with the team introducing a series of performance updates to the car ahead of the 2014 Rallye Monte Carlo. Sébastien Ogier and Jari-Matti Latvala remained with the team, whilst Andreas Mikkelsen's programme was expanded to include all thirteen rounds of the championship, but the team did not nominate him to score manufacturer points in Australia.
Alsace is a cultural and historical region in eastern France, on the west bank of the upper Rhine next to Germany and Switzerland. From 1982 to 2016, Alsace was the smallest administrative région in metropolitan France, consisting of the Bas-Rhin and Haut-Rhin departments. Territorial reform passed by the French legislature in 2014 resulted in the merger of the Alsace administrative region with Champagne-Ardenne and Lorraine to form Grand Est. Alsatian is an Alemannic dialect related to Swabian and Swiss German, although since World War II most Alsatians speak French. Internal and international migration since 1945 has changed the ethnolinguistic composition of Alsace. For more than 300 years, from the Thirty Years' War to World War II, the political status of Alsace was contested between France and various German states in wars and diplomatic conferences; the economic and cultural capital of Alsace, as well as its largest city, is Strasbourg. The city is the seat of bodies; the name "Alsace" can be traced to the Old High German Ali-saz or Elisaz, meaning "foreign domain".
An alternative explanation is from a Germanic Ell-sass, meaning "seated on the Ill", a river in Alsace. In prehistoric times, Alsace was inhabited by nomadic hunters. By 1500 BC, Celts began to settle in Alsace and cultivating the land, it should be noted that Alsace is a plain surrounded by the Vosges mountains and the Black Forest mountains. It creates Foehn winds which, along with natural irrigation, contributes to the fertility of the soil. In a world of agriculture, Alsace has always been a rich region which explains why it suffered so many invasions and annexations in its history. By 58 BC, the Romans had established Alsace as a center of viticulture. To protect this valued industry, the Romans built fortifications and military camps that evolved into various communities which have been inhabited continuously to the present day. While part of the Roman Empire, Alsace was part of Germania Superior. With the decline of the Roman Empire, Alsace became the territory of the Germanic Alemanni; the Alemanni were agricultural people, their Germanic language formed the basis of modern-day dialects spoken along the Upper Rhine.
Clovis and the Franks defeated the Alemanni during the 5th century AD, culminating with the Battle of Tolbiac, Alsace became part of the Kingdom of Austrasia. Under Clovis' Merovingian successors the inhabitants were Christianized. Alsace remained under Frankish control until the Frankish realm, following the Oaths of Strasbourg of 842, was formally dissolved in 843 at the Treaty of Verdun. Alsace formed part of the Middle Francia, ruled by the eldest grandson Lothar I. Lothar died early in 855 and his realm was divided into three parts; the part known as Lotharingia, or Lorraine, was given to Lothar's son. The rest was shared between Louis the German; the Kingdom of Lotharingia was short-lived, becoming the stem duchy of Lorraine in Eastern Francia after the Treaty of Ribemont in 880. Alsace was united with the other Alemanni east of the Rhine into the stem duchy of Swabia. At about this time, the surrounding areas experienced recurring fragmentation and reincorporations among a number of feudal secular and ecclesiastical lordships, a common process in the Holy Roman Empire.
Alsace experienced great prosperity during the 13th centuries under Hohenstaufen emperors. Frederick I set up Alsace as a province to be ruled by ministeriales, a non-noble class of civil servants; the idea was that such men would be more tractable and less to alienate the fief from the crown out of their own greed. The province had a central administration with its seat at Hagenau. Frederick II designated the Bishop of Strasbourg to administer Alsace, but the authority of the bishop was challenged by Count Rudolf of Habsburg, who received his rights from Frederick II's son Conrad IV. Strasbourg began to grow to become the commercially important town in the region. In 1262, after a long struggle with the ruling bishops, its citizens gained the status of free imperial city. A stop on the Paris-Vienna-Orient trade route, as well as a port on the Rhine route linking southern Germany and Switzerland to the Netherlands and Scandinavia, it became the political and economic center of the region. Cities such as Colmar and Hagenau began to grow in economic importance and gained a kind of autonomy within the "Décapole", a federation of ten free towns.
As in much of Europe, the prosperity of Alsace came to an end in the 14th century by a series of harsh winters, bad harvests, the Black Death. These hardships were blamed on Jews, leading to the pogroms of 1336 and 1339. In 1349, Jews of Alsace were accused of poisoning the wells with plague, leading to the massacre of thousands of Jews during the Strasbourg pogrom. Jews were subsequently forbidden to settle in the town. An additional natural disaster was the Rhine rift earthquake of 1356, one of Europe's worst which made ruins of Basel. Prosperity returned to Alsace under Habsburg administration during the Renaissance. Holy Roman Empire central power had begun to decline following years of imperial adventures in Italian lands ceding hegemony in Western Europe to France, which had long since centralized power. France began an aggressive policy of expanding eastward, first to the riv
2010 Rallye de France
The 2010 Rallye de France was the first running of the Rallye de France–Alsace and the eleventh round of the 2010 World Rally Championship season. The rally took place over 1–3 October 2010, was based in Strasbourg, the capital of the Alsace region; the rally was the eighth round of the Production World Rally Championship, the ninth round of the Super 2000 World Rally Championship and the fifth round of the Junior World Rally Championship. Sébastien Loeb became champion for the seventh successive season by claiming his 60th WRC win on the streets of his birthplace, Haguenau. Dani Sordo was second and Petter Solberg was third. Thanks to Sordo's second place, Citroën retained its manufacturers champion title on this same event. Prior to the rally, depending on results, Sébastien Loeb had the chance to clinch his seventh consecutive world title with two events to spare. With a 43-point lead over Sébastien Ogier pre-rally, Loeb had to outscore Ogier by eight points. If Loeb scored more than six points on the event, it would eliminate Ford's Jari-Matti Latvala from championship contention.
As it turned out, Loeb won the event. The official website of the World Rally Championship Results at eWRC.com
2019 World Rally Championship
The 2019 FIA World Rally Championship is the forty-seventh season of the World Rally Championship, an auto racing championship recognised by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile as the highest class of international rallying. Teams and crews will compete in fourteen events for the World Rally Championships for Drivers, Co-drivers and Manufacturers. Crews are free to compete in cars complying with World Rally Group R regulations; the series will once again be supported by the World Rally Championship-2 category at every round and by the Junior World Rally Championship at selected events. The World Rally Championship-3 was discontinued. After the fourth round, Thierry Neuville and Nicolas Gilsoul lead the drivers' and co-drivers' championships by two points ahead of defending champions Sébastien Ogier and Julien Ingrassia. Ott Tänak and Martin Järveoja are third, a further three points behind. In the manufacturers' championship, Hyundai Shell Mobis WRT hold a twelve-point lead over Citroën Total WRT.
The championship will be contested over fourteen rounds in Europe, the Middle East and South America and Australia. Following the return of Rally Turkey to the championship in 2018, the FIA announced plans to expand the calendar to fourteen rounds in 2019 with the long-term objective of running sixteen championship events. Twelve prospective bids for events were put together, including candidate events in New Zealand and Chile. Prospective events in Kenya, Croatia and Estonia expressed interest in joining the calendar within five years; the planned expansion put pressure on European rounds to maintain their position on the calendar as teams were unwilling to contest sixteen events immediately. The Tour de Corse and Rally Italia Sardegna proved to be unpopular among teams for the logistical difficulties of travelling to Corsica and Sardinia and low spectator attendance at the events. Organisers of Rally Japan reached an agreement with the sport's promoter to host a rally in 2019, with the proposed event moving from Sapporo on the island of Hokkaido to Toyota City in Honshu.
However, plans to return to Japan were abandoned when the promoter came under pressure to retain the Tour de Corse. The proposed events in Japan and Kenya will run candidate events in 2019 in a bid to join the championship in 2020; the calendar published in October 2018 included Rally Chile as part of the expansion to fourteen rounds. The event will run on gravel roads. Rally Chile will be run back-to-back with Rally Argentina; the route of Rallye Monte Carlo was shortened by 71.93 km compared to the 2018 route. The route was revised after rule changes that were introduced for the 2019 championship limited the maximum distance of a route to 350 km. Organisers of the Tour de Corse announced plans for a new route, with up to three-quarters of the 2019 route being revised from the 2018 rally; the following teams and crews are competing in the 2019 FIA World Rally Championship. Citroën, Ford and Toyota are all represented by manufacturer teams and eligible to score points in the FIA World Rally Championship for Manufacturers.
Citroën will only enter two cars for the entire season. The team had two full-time entries in 2018, with a third car run on a part-time basis. Citroën cited a change in sponsorship arrangements as being the reason behind the decision to forgo a third car. M-Sport Ford will scale back to two full-time entries, with a third car entered on a round-by-round basis. Malcolm Wilson stepped down from his role as M-Sport Ford's team principal to oversee the company's wider commercial operations. Richard Millener was appointed as his replacement. Hyundai replaced their team principal Michel Nandan with their customer racing manager Andrea Adamo. Toyota expanded to four cars; the fourth car will be run by Toyota's factory team, but entered under Marcus Grönholm's GRX Team banner. Sébastien Ogier and Julien Ingrassia left M-Sport Ford to return to Citroën. Ogier and Ingrassia had competed with the French manufacturer in 2011 before moving to Volkswagen Motorsport. Esapekka Lappi and Janne Ferm joined the team after two years with Toyota.
Craig Breen and Scott Martin left the team when Citroën announced that they would scale back their involvement in the championship to two full-time entries for Ogier and Lappi. They were unable to secure seats for the start of the championship. Mads Østberg and Torstein Eriksen remained with the Citroën team, agreeing to a full-time factory campaign in the WRC-2 class in R5 version of the C3. Teemu Suninen was promoted to a full-time drive with M-Sport Ford replacing Ogier. Pontus Tidemand and Ola Fløene will contest selected rounds with M-Sport Ford. Tidemand and Fløene will share the car with Gus Greensmith. Two-time World Drivers' and Co-drivers' Champions Marcus Grönholm and Timo Rautiainen will return to the championship for the first time since 2010, making one appearance with Toyota. Sébastien Loeb and Daniel Elena signed a contract to contest six rounds with Hyundai, sharing an i20 with the crew of Dani Sordo and Carlos del Barrio. Hayden Paddon was left without a drive for the season.
Paddon's co-driver Sebastian Marshall moved to Toyota. He will partner Kris Meeke, who returns to full-time competition after being fired by Citroën halfway through the 2018 championship. Teemu Suninen changed co-drivers, with Marko Salminen replacing Mikko Markkula. Daniel Barritt split with Elfyn Evans to partner Takamoto Katsuta in the World Rally Championship-2; the maximum total distance o
Sébastien Ogier is a French rally driver, competing for Citroën in the World Rally Championship, teamed with co-driver Julien Ingrassia. He is the current holder of the World Rally Drivers' Championship, having won the title six times, in 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018. With 46 victories in the World Rally Championship and 6 consecutive WRC titles, he is the 2nd most successful WRC driver, after former Citroën WRC teammate Sébastien Loeb. Ogier's rally career began in 2005 when he won the French Federation's Rallye Jeunes and was rewarded with a place in the Peugeot 206 Cup for the following season. Teamed with co-driver Julien Ingrassia, he claimed a podium at Terre des Cardabelles and sixth place in the championship along with the Best Rookie award. In 2007, Ogier won the Peugeot 206 Cup with two second places, he won the Rallye Hivernal des Hautes-Alpes. In April 2007, he took part in his first regional rally placing third overall in a Peugeot 206 XS. Ogier received the Espoir Echappement de l’année award, an honorific prize from professionals and fans, joining past winners Didier Auriol, François Delecour and Sébastien Loeb.
In the 2008 season, Ogier moved to compete a full Junior World Rally Championship program, driving a Super 1600-class Citroën C2 for the Equipe de France FFSA team. Ogier debuted in the World Rally Championship at the 2008 Rally Mexico, winning first in the JWRC class, becoming the first JWRC driver to take a WRC point thanks to his eighth place overall finish, he won again in Jordan: after a four-minute loss due to mechanical failure, he stormed back taking the victory when the leader went off the road. After this second successive win, he retired from Rally Sardinia with a broken steering rod. However, he finished fifth. Ogier went on to take further junior category victory in Germany, he dominated his class at Rally Catalunya scoring most of the best times, but went off the road during the last leg. After a cautious start at his home event, the Tour de Corse, Ogier clinched the Junior world champion title by placing second. After winning the JWRC title, Ogier was rewarded with his first World Rally Car drive in a Citroën C4 for Rally GB.
He surprised the more experienced drivers by winning the first stage on the ice and taking a shock lead for his first WRC rally. With the advantage of his road position, he kept the lead until the fifth stage, before losing time with a mechanical trouble, he crashed out from eighth place on day two. In January 2009, Ogier made a one-off appearance in the Intercontinental Rally Challenge, contesting the Monte Carlo Rally, he won the prestigious event for his first rally in a Peugeot 207 S2000. It was only a one-off participation in IRC: for the 2009 season, Ogier was signed in WRC to capitalize on his Junior title. At the start of the season, he was supposed to take part in the first six rounds of the world championship with a C4 WRC of Citroën's satellite team, that the remaining rallies of the season would depend on his results. Despite a few mistakes, his performances pushed the squad to confirm him for the rest of the season. At the Acropolis Rally, Ogier drove to his first podium place, finishing second to Ford's Mikko Hirvonen.
In January 2010, Ogier took part again in the Rallye Monte-Carlo with a Peugeot 207 S2000. After losing two minutes going off-road at the start of the race, he scored a lot of stage wins and came back 45 seconds off the leader Mikko Hirvonen, but retired on the last day with an alternator problem; as Monte-Carlo was still part of the IRC calendar, Ogier's 2010 season started in Sweden with the first round of the WRC year. The Frenchman continued in the Citroën Junior Team with the 2007 Formula One world champion Kimi Räikkönen as his new teammate, he took fifth place in Sweden after a solid performance and clinched his second podium in Mexico after duelling against Petter Solberg until the last minute. In Jordan he took an excellent start and was lying second in the standings after the first two legs, however team orders forced him to take several minutes of penalty at a time control, he still ended in sixth position. In Turkey, Sébastien led during eleven stages, before losing three minutes with a puncture in SS15 finishing fourth.
At the Rally New Zealand, he came closer to his maiden win as he was leading before the final stage, but spun three corners before the finish and lost the win to Latvala by 2.4 seconds. Ogier went on to take his debut WRC victory in the Rally de Portugal. Keeping the momentum from his performances in Turkey and New-Zealand, he took 45 seconds from road-sweeper Sébastien Loeb on day one. Although Loeb came back, Ogier made no mistake and beat him by 8 seconds, he went on to win Rally della Lanterna in Italy, a guest appearance he made to gain experience on asphalt as he had always been more confident on gravel. Given his solid results, his team spirit and Dani Sordo’s disappointing performances, Citroën promoted Ogier to the factory team for the remaining three gravel rounds of the season. Subsequently, Sordo replaced Ogier in the manufacturer's junior team, it proved to be a judicious decision as Sébastien Ogier took a solid second place in Finland, in front of Sébastien Loeb, whereas he was 4th and 3rd behind Sordo and Loeb on asphalt.
He took his second WRC win in Japan after a thrilling duel against Petter Solberg and impressed by his capacity to adapt himself to a rally he had never raced before. He was just 43 points behind teammate Sébastien Loeb with three events t