Cable Communications Policy Act of 1984
The Cable Communications Policy Act of 1984 was an act of Congress passed on October 30,1984 to promote competition and deregulate the cable industry. The act established a policy for the regulation of cable communications by federal, state. Conservative Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona wrote and supported the act, after more than three years of debate, six provisions were enacted to represent the intricate compromise between cable operators and municipalities. The Cable Act was to be the solution to the problem of who, or what. The act gave municipalities, governing bodies of cities and towns, principal authority to grant, by establishing an orderly process for franchise renewal, the act protected cable operators from unfair denials of renewal. However, in order to be granted a renewal, the act specified that cable operators past performances. The act was meant to reduce an unnecessary regulation that could have brought about an excessive economic burden on cable systems. In return for establishing standards and procedures, the act specified that cable operators were expected to be receptive to their local communities’ needs.
Congress recognized the role of cable television in encouraging and providing a place for free expression. This provision assured that cable communications provide the public with “the widest possible diversity of information sources and services. ”Furthermore, it prohibited cable operators from exerting any type of editorial control over program content broadcast through PEG channels. The act lifted programming rules and subscription fees and it was this provision that inspired Senator Barry Goldwater to begin his work on the Cable Communications Act of 1984. The Cable Communication Act of 1984 added Title VI—Cable Communications to the Communications Act of 1934, the title was originally divided into the following sections, Part I—General Provisions Sec.601. Part II—Use of Cable Channels and Ownership Restrictions Sec.611, Cable channels for public, educational, or government use. Part III—Franchising and Regulation Sec.621, Regulation of services and equipment. Coordination of Federal and local authority, in 1972, the Federal Communication Commission issued the Third Report and Order.
The order was enacted to encourage consumer choice and innovation among video devices and this would allow consumers the freedom to change service providers without changing their entertainment devices. If demand was low for all three channels in a market, cable companies had the jurisdiction to supply fewer channels. At least one PEG channel was required at all times, in 1976, the regulation was expanded to include cable systems in communities with 3,500 or more subscribers
Varian Mackey Fry was an American journalist. Fry ran a network in Vichy France that helped approximately 2,000 to 4,000 anti-Nazi and Jewish refugees to escape Nazi Germany. He was the first American to be recognized as Righteous Among the Nations, Varian Fry was born in New York City. His parents were Lillian and Arthur Fry, a manager of the Wall Street firm Carlysle, the family moved to Ridgewood, New Jersey in 1910. He grew up in Ridgewood and enjoyed bird-watching and reading, during World War I, at 9 years of age and friends conducted a fund-raising bazaar for the American Red Cross that included a vaudeville show, ice cream stand and fish pond. He was educated at Hotchkiss School from 1922 to 1924 when he left the school due to hazing rituals and he attended the Riverdale Country School, graduating in 1926. He was suspended for a prank just before graduation and had to repeat his senior year and they married on June 2,1931. He said in 1945, I could not remain idle as long as I had any chances at all of saving even a few of its intended victims.
Following his visit to Berlin, Fry wrote about the treatment of Jews by Hitlers regime in the New York Times in 1935. He wrote books about foreign affairs for Headline Books, owned by the Foreign Policy Association and it describes the troubled political climate following World War I, the break-up of Czechoslovakia and the events leading up to World War II. Greatly disturbed by what he saw, Fry helped raise money to support European anti-Nazi movements, Fry had $3,000 and a short list of refugees under imminent threat of arrest by agents of the Gestapo, mostly Jews. Clamoring at his door came anti-Nazi writers, avant-garde artists, some historians noted it was a miracle that a white American Protestant would risk everything to help the Jews. Beginning in 1940, in Marseille, despite the eye of the collaborationist Vichy regime, Fry. More than 2,200 people were taken across the border to Spain, Fry helped other exiles escape on ships leaving Marseille for the French colony of Martinique, from which they too could go to the United States.
When the Nazis seized France in 1940, Gold went to Marseille, working with Fry was a young academic named Albert O. Hirschman. From his isolated position in Marseille, Fry relied on the Unitarian Service Committee in Lisbon to help the refugees he sent. This office, staffed by American Unitarians under the direction of Robert Dexter, helped refugees to wait in safety for visas and other necessary papers, Fry was forced to leave France in September 1941 after both the Vichy government and United States State Department disapproved of his covert activities. The IRC is a nonsectarian, nongovernmental international relief and development organization that still operates today
DuMont Television Network
The DuMont Television Network was one of the worlds pioneer commercial television networks, rivalling NBC and CBS for the distinction of being first overall in the United States. It was owned by DuMont Laboratories, an equipment and set manufacturer. DuMont Laboratories was founded in 1931 by Dr. Allen B, DuMont with only $1,000, and a laboratory in his basement. He and his staff were responsible for many technical innovations. The companys television sets became the gold standard of the industry. In 1942, DuMont worked with the Army in developing radar technology during World War II and this brought in $5 million for the company. Early sales of television sets were hampered by the lack of regularly scheduled programming being broadcast, a few months after selling his first set in 1938, DuMont opened his own New York area experimental television station in Passaic, New Jersey. In 1940, the moved to Manhattan as W2XWV on channel 4. Unlike CBS and NBC, which reduced their hours of television broadcasting during World War II, in 1944, W2XWV became WABD moving to channel 5 in 1945, the third commercial television station in New York.
On May 19,1945, DuMont opened experimental W3XWT in Washington, a minority shareholder in DuMont Laboratories was Paramount Pictures, which had advanced $400,000 in 1939 for a 40% share in the company. Soon after his experimental Washington station signed on, DuMont began experimental coaxial cable hookups between his laboratories in Passaic, New Jersey, and his two stations. It is said one of those broadcasts on the hookup announced that the U. S. had dropped an atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan. This was considered to be the beginning of the DuMont Network by both Thomas T. Goldsmith, the networks chief engineer and DuMonts best friend, and DuMont himself. Regular network service began on August 15,1946, on WABD, in 1947, W3XWT became WTTG, named after Goldsmith. The pair were joined in 1949 by WDTV in Pittsburgh, ABC had just come into existence as a radio network in 1943 and did not enter network television until 1948, when it signed on a flagship station in New York City, WJZ-TV. CBS waited until 1948 to begin network operations because it was waiting for the Federal Communications Commission to approve its color television system, despite no history of radio programming or stable of radio stars to draw on and perennial cash shortages, DuMont was an innovative and creative network.
Without the radio revenues that supported mighty NBC and CBS, DuMont programmers relied on their wits, the network provided original programs that are remembered more than 60 years later. The network largely ignored the standard model of 1950s TV, in which one advertiser sponsored an entire show
Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and the citys historical birthplace. The borough is coextensive with New York County, founded on November 1,1683, Manhattan is often described as the cultural and financial capital of the world and hosts the United Nations Headquarters. Many multinational media conglomerates are based in the borough and it is historically documented to have been purchased by Dutch colonists from Native Americans in 1626 for 60 guilders which equals US$1062 today. New York County is the United States second-smallest county by land area, on business days, the influx of commuters increases that number to over 3.9 million, or more than 170,000 people per square mile. Manhattan has the third-largest population of New York Citys five boroughs, after Brooklyn and Queens, the City of New York was founded at the southern tip of Manhattan, and the borough houses New York City Hall, the seat of the citys government.
The name Manhattan derives from the word Manna-hata, as written in the 1609 logbook of Robert Juet, a 1610 map depicts the name as Manna-hata, twice, on both the west and east sides of the Mauritius River. The word Manhattan has been translated as island of hills from the Lenape language. The United States Postal Service prefers that mail addressed to Manhattan use New York, NY rather than Manhattan, the area that is now Manhattan was long inhabited by the Lenape Native Americans. In 1524, Florentine explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano – sailing in service of King Francis I of France – was the first European to visit the area that would become New York City. It was not until the voyage of Henry Hudson, an Englishman who worked for the Dutch East India Company, a permanent European presence in New Netherland began in 1624 with the founding of a Dutch fur trading settlement on Governors Island. In 1625, construction was started on the citadel of Fort Amsterdam on Manhattan Island, called New Amsterdam, the 1625 establishment of Fort Amsterdam at the southern tip of Manhattan Island is recognized as the birth of New York City.
In 1846, New York historian John Romeyn Brodhead converted the figure of Fl 60 to US$23, variable-rate myth being a contradiction in terms, the purchase price remains forever frozen at twenty-four dollars, as Edwin G. Burrows and Mike Wallace remarked in their history of New York. Sixty guilders in 1626 was valued at approximately $1,000 in 2006, based on the price of silver, Straight Dope author Cecil Adams calculated an equivalent of $72 in 1992. In 1647, Peter Stuyvesant was appointed as the last Dutch Director General of the colony, New Amsterdam was formally incorporated as a city on February 2,1653. In 1664, the English conquered New Netherland and renamed it New York after the English Duke of York and Albany, the Dutch Republic regained it in August 1673 with a fleet of 21 ships, renaming the city New Orange. Manhattan was at the heart of the New York Campaign, a series of battles in the early American Revolutionary War. The Continental Army was forced to abandon Manhattan after the Battle of Fort Washington on November 16,1776.
The city, greatly damaged by the Great Fire of New York during the campaign, became the British political, British occupation lasted until November 25,1783, when George Washington returned to Manhattan, as the last British forces left the city
Sir Huw Pyrs Wheldon, OBE, MC was a BBC broadcaster and executive. Wheldon was born on 7 May 1916 in Prestatyn, Denbighshire and he was educated at Friars School, Bangor, an all-boys grammar school. His father, Sir Wynn Wheldon, was a prominent educationalist and his grandfather, Tomos Jones Wheldon, had been the Moderator of the Calvinist Methodist Church in Wales. His mother, Megan Edwards, was an accomplished pianist, on the outbreak of war in 1939 Wheldon enlisted in the Buffs. He was commissioned into the Royal Welch Fusiliers in 1940, but subsequently volunteered for the forces and joined the Royal Ulster Rifles. He was awarded the Military Cross for an act of bravery on D-Day +1, future Led Zeppelin guitarist Jimmy Page was a guest on his show in 1957. He began to produce and present adult programmes, such as Men in Battle with Sir Brian Horrocks and he was responsible for Orson Welles Sketchbook. It was with the magazine programme Monitor that Wheldon truly made his mark on the cultural scene.
Monitor ranged in subject over all the arts — the hundredth show was Elgar a film directed by Ken Russell and written by Wheldon, Monitor featured specially made films, sometimes just one full-length item, eventually using actors to re-enact the subjects lives. Prior to this, only photos or location shots had been used in programmes, wheldons Monitor lasted until he had interviewed everyone I am interested in interviewing, and he was succeeded by Jonathan Miller for the series last season. In 1967 he was invited to deliver the MacMillan Memorial Lecture to the Institution of Engineers and Shipbuilders in Scotland and he chose the subject Perspectives on Television. Wheldon now entered BBC management, becoming by turns Head of Documentaries and Controller, in 1968 he became Managing Director, BBC TV, a position he held until compulsory retirement in 1975. After he retired from management Wheldon co-wrote, with J. H. Plumb, and presented Royal Heritage, produced by Michael Gill, it achieved immense popularity ratings in 1977, the year of the Queens Silver Jubilee.
Two other major documentaries followed, The Library of Congress and Destination D-Day, following his retirement from the BBC he became Chairman of the Court of the Governors of the London School of Economics, where he had read economics before the war. He disarmed potential sponsors of the school by eschewing flattery and opening negotiations with the statement that what he was after was their cash. He was a formidable and active President of the Royal Television Society, an RTS Memorial Lecture in his name by a distinguished broadcaster is televised annually. In 2011 Bettany Hughes gave the lecture, and Brian Cox gave the lecture in 2010, other speakers have included David Attenborough, Jeremy Isaacs and, in 2005, the writer Paul Abbott. In addition to this, the British Academy of Film and Television Arts dispenses a Huw Wheldon Award for Specialist Factual Programme, there are Wheldon bursaries and awards at the LSE and the University of Wales, Bangor
Akio Morita was a Japanese businessman and co-founder of Sony along with Masaru Ibuka. Akio Morita was born in Nagoya, Japan, moritas family was involved in sake and soy sauce production in the village of Kosugaya on the western coast of Chita Peninsula in Aichi Prefecture since 1665. He was the oldest of four siblings and his father Kyuzaemon trained him as a child to take over the family business, however, found his true calling in mathematics and physics, and in 1944 he graduated from Osaka Imperial University with a degree in physics. He was commissioned as a sub-lieutenant in the Imperial Japanese Navy, during his service, Morita met his future business partner Masaru Ibuka in the Navys Wartime Research Committee. On May 7,1946, Morita and Ibuka founded Tokyo Tsushin Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha with about 20 employees, Ibuka was 38 years old, Morita,25. Moritas family invested in Sony during the period and was the largest shareholder. In 1949, the company developed magnetic recording tape and in 1950, in 1957, it produced a pocket-sized radio, and in 1958, Morita and Ibuka decided to rename their company Sony.
Morita was an advocate for all the products made by Sony, since the radio was slightly too big to fit in a shirt pocket, Morita made his employees wear shirts with slightly larger pockets to give the radio a pocket sized appearance. In 1960, it produced the first transistor television in the world, in 1973, Sony received an Emmy Award for its Trinitron television-set technology. In 1975, it released the first Betamax home video recorder, in 1979, the Walkman was introduced, making it one of the worlds first portable music players. In 1984, Sony launched the Discman series which extended their Walkman brand to portable CD products, in 1960, the Sony Corporation of America was established in the United States. In 1961, Sony Corporation was the first Japanese company to be listed on the New York Stock Exchange, in the form of American depositary receipts, which are traded over-the-counter. Sony bought CBS Records Group which consisted of Columbia Records, Epic Records and other CBS labels in 1988, on November 25,1994, Morita stepped down as Sony chairman after suffering a cerebral hemorrhage while playing tennis.
He was succeeded by Norio Ohga, who had joined the company in the 1950s after sending Morita a letter denouncing the poor quality of the tape recorders. Morita was vice chairman of the Japan Business Federation, and was a member of the Japan-U. S, economic Relations Group, known as the Wise Mens Group. He was the third Japanese chairman of the Trilateral Commission and his amateur radio call sign is JP1DPJ. In 1966, Morita wrote a book called Gakureki Muyō Ron, in 1986, Morita wrote an autobiography titled Made in Japan. The book was translated into English and caused controversy in the United States, Morita was awarded the Albert Medal by the United Kingdoms Royal Society of Arts in 1982, the first Japanese to receive the honor
The New York Times
The New York Times is an American daily newspaper and continuously published in New York City since September 18,1851, by The New York Times Company. The New York Times has won 119 Pulitzer Prizes, more than any other newspaper, the papers print version in 2013 had the second-largest circulation, behind The Wall Street Journal, and the largest circulation among the metropolitan newspapers in the US. The New York Times is ranked 18th in the world by circulation, following industry trends, its weekday circulation had fallen in 2009 to fewer than one million. Nicknamed The Gray Lady, The New York Times has long been regarded within the industry as a newspaper of record. The New York Times international version, formerly the International Herald Tribune, is now called the New York Times International Edition, the papers motto, All the News Thats Fit to Print, appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. On Sunday, The New York Times is supplemented by the Sunday Review, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine and T, some other early investors of the company were Edwin B.
Morgan and Edward B. We do not believe that everything in Society is either right or exactly wrong, —what is good we desire to preserve and improve, —what is evil, to exterminate. In 1852, the started a western division, The Times of California that arrived whenever a mail boat got to California. However, when local California newspapers came into prominence, the effort failed, the newspaper shortened its name to The New-York Times in 1857. It dropped the hyphen in the city name in the 1890s, One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair, the subject of twenty editorials it published alone. At Newspaper Row, across from City Hall, Henry Raymond and editor of The New York Times, averted the rioters with Gatling guns, in 1869, Raymond died, and George Jones took over as publisher. Tweed offered The New York Times five million dollars to not publish the story, in the 1880s, The New York Times transitioned gradually from editorially supporting Republican Party candidates to becoming more politically independent and analytical.
In 1884, the paper supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in his first presidential campaign, while this move cost The New York Times readership among its more progressive and Republican readers, the paper eventually regained most of its lost ground within a few years. However, the newspaper was financially crippled by the Panic of 1893, the paper slowly acquired a reputation for even-handedness and accurate modern reporting, especially by the 1890s under the guidance of Ochs. Under Ochs guidance and expanding upon the Henry Raymond tradition, The New York Times achieved international scope, circulation, in 1910, the first air delivery of The New York Times to Philadelphia began. The New York Times first trans-Atlantic delivery by air to London occurred in 1919 by dirigible, airplane Edition was sent by plane to Chicago so it could be in the hands of Republican convention delegates by evening. In the 1940s, the extended its breadth and reach. The crossword began appearing regularly in 1942, and the section in 1946
Bedford Hills, New York
Bedford Hills is a hamlet in the Town of Bedford, Westchester County, New York, United States. The population was 3,001 at the 2010 census, which lists the community as a census-designated place, the Bedford Hills Correctional Facility for Women is located in the hamlet. When the railroad was built in 1847, Bedford Hills was known as Bedford Station, Bedford Hills is the seat of government of the Town of Bedford. The Town House, built in 1927, and Town buildings containing the Police Department, the Richard H. Mandel House, designed by Edward Durell Stone, was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1996. Bedford Hills is the site of Stepping Stones, the home of Alcoholics Anonymous co-founder Bill W. and his wife Lois Burnham Wilson. The home, located at 62 Oak Road in Katonah, is on the National Register of Historic Places, Bedford Hills is located at 41°14′12″N 073°41′40″W and its elevation is 341 feet. According to the United States Census Bureau, Bedford Hills has an area of 1.006 square miles.
The newspaper began publishing in 1995, the Record-Review web site is www. record-review. com. Bedford Hills Elementary School is a K-5 school which many children in the town attend, the Bedford Hills Free Library is located in Bedford Hills and is a member of the Westchester Library System. In May 2010, Bedford Hills celebrated its centennial with a number of events, including a scavenger hunt. Glenn Close, actress Michael Douglas and Catherine Zeta-Jones, kimya Dawson, musician Nan Hayworth, former Congresswoman. Julie Strauss-Gabel, editor of acclaimed young adult literature
Paley Center for Media
The Paley Center for Media & Paleyfest Location, formerly the Museum of Television & Radio and the Museum of Broadcasting, founded in 1975 by William S. With an ever-growing collection of content broadcast on radio and television, the New York City branch is in the heart of Midtown Manhattan at 25 West 52nd Street between 5th and 6th Avenues. The Los Angeles branch is located at 465 N Beverly Drive in Beverly Hills and this was adjacent to the Doubleday Book Store on Fifth Avenue. The Museum of Broadcastings name was changed to The Museum of Television & Radio with the September 12,1991 move into the William S. Paley Building. Designed by Philip Johnson and located at 25 West 52nd Street and it has two front entrances, the one on the left is for office staff, and the main entrance on the right for the general public. The Alexander Mackendrick film Sweet Smell of Success has a location scene with different angles revealing how the neighborhood looked in the years before the building was constructed.
Reservations to use the Library are made at the front desk, in addition to the elevator, a staircase on the first floor leads down to the large basement-level theater. The fourth floor has numerous Macintosh computers, used by visitors to scan titles in the collection, when a selection is made, it can be watched on the computer. Computers are available both for individuals and for groups, on another floor, visitors can hear pre-programmed channels in the Ralph Guild Listening Room, named for Ralph C. Guild, Chairman of the Board for Interep, the largest independent national sales and marketing organization specializing in radio, in the rear of the Listening Room is the museums radio broadcasting studio. The Museum of Television & Radio in Los Angeles at 465 North Beverly Drive in Beverly Hills, opened March 18,1996 in a new building designed by Richard Meier and named for Leonard H. Goldenson. When the Los Angeles building opened, it featured a collection duplicated from the tapes in the New York collection, rooms are named for the celebrity sponsors, the Danny Thomas Lobby, the Aaron Spelling Reception Area and the Garry Marshall Pool.
Screenings are held in the 150-seat John H. Mitchell Theatre, the Ahmanson Radio Listening Room has headphones for use with five pre-programmed channels. The Paley Center for Media is committed to the idea that many television and radio programs are significant works, instead of collecting artifacts and memorabilia, the Paley Center comprises mostly screening rooms, including two full-sized theaters. Some television programs are from the 1940s with radio programs dating back to the 1920s, the museum does not sell the material or permit it to leave the premises. Viewing copies of programs are Hi-8mm video tape dubs. The originals are kept in a vault outside of New York City, the Paley Center has acquired many lost episodes of classic television shows and has produced documentary features about the history and impact of television and radio. In recent years, the Center has sponsored advance viewing of the episodes of each networks new programs