National Register of Historic Places listings in Vigo County, Indiana
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Vigo County, Indiana. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Vigo County, United States. Latitude and longitude coordinates are provided for many National Register districts. There are 46 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county, including 1 National Historic Landmark. Another 5 properties were once listed but have been removed. Properties and districts located in incorporated areas display the name of the municipality, while properties and districts in unincorporated areas display the name of their civil township. Properties and districts split between multiple jurisdictions display the names of all jurisdictions; this National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 12, 2019. List of National Historic Landmarks in Indiana National Register of Historic Places listings in Indiana List of Indiana state historical markers in Vigo County
Anton "Big Bone Tone" Hulman Jr. was an American businessman from Terre Haute, Indiana who bought the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in 1945 and brought racing back to the famous race course after a four-year hiatus following World War II. Hulman was born in 1901 in Terre Haute, he was educated at St. Benedict's School at Terre Haute, Lawrenceville School in New Jersey and Worcester Academy in Massachusetts. Hulman participated in the pole vault at Worcester, he served with the American Red Cross Ambulance Corps during World War I at the age of 17. Upon graduation from Yale's Sheffield Scientific School in 1924, Hulman returned to Terre Haute to work for Hulman & Company, the family business run by his father Anton Hulman, Sr. However, Anton, Sr. told his managers, "Don't give Tony a place in the business. Let him work for it." Despite this, Tony rose fast. By 1926, he was the company's sales manager, by 1931, at the age of 30, succeeded his father as company president. Hulman's first project was developing a 10-year plan for an ad campaign that would take Clabber Girl's top product, baking powder, to national prominence.
Salesmen traveled around the country posting billboards along the roadside and going door-to-door inviting women to try Clabber Girl, which boosted product sales. An original billboard that reads "Five Minutes to Terre Haute, Home Of Clabber Girl Baking Powder" and has a clock at the top is still visible along US 40 outside of Terre Haute, Indiana and is considered a local landmark. Hulman is best known for buying the dilapidated Indianapolis Motor Speedway from a group led by World War I flying ace Eddie Rickenbacker after World War II, seeing it as a way to promote Clabber Girl. Influenced by three-time Indy 500 winner Wilbur Shaw, Hulman made numerous improvements to the track in time for the race to be held in 1946. Following Shaw's death in a plane crash on October 30, 1954, Hulman stepped into his soon-to-be-familiar role as the "face" of the Speedway, he followed the tradition of launching the Indianapolis 500 with the command, "Gentlemen, start your engines!" Into the 1970s, despite the fact he'd given the command so many times before, he would always practice it extensively beforehand, on race day, he would invariably pull a card containing the famous words: "GENNNNNTLEMENNNNN, STARRRRRT YOURRRRRR ENNNNNNNGINES!" from the pocket of his suit as he stepped to the microphone.
Luke Walton, who with Wilbur Shaw had founded the Indianapolis Motor Speedway Radio Network, was for many years a sportscaster and worked annually with Hulman to ensure each word was delivered with the proper emphasis. Hulman married Mary Fendrich, the daughter of Fendrich Cigar Company owner John H. Fendrich, in 1926, their first child, a daughter named Mary, died just hours after her birth in 1930. In 1934, the couple's second daughter named Mary, but better known as "Mari", was born. Mari would give Tony and Mary four grandchildren, their sole grandson, Anton Hulman "Tony" George, would carry on the family's racing and business traditions. The Hulmans were well known in Indiana for their dedication to higher education; the Hulmans' generosity led the board of Rose Polytechnic to rename the school Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology in the couple's honor in 1971. Indiana State's Hulman Center arena and Hulman Memorial Student Union for the couple carry the Hulman name in recognition of the family's donations for their construction.
Mari Hulman George established a Center for Equine Studies at Saint Mary-of-the-Woods College, west of Terre Haute. Terre Haute's Hulman Links public golf course is situated on over 200 acres of land donated by Hulman in the early 1970s; the 1977 "500" would be memorable for many for two reasons. A. J. Foyt won his fourth "500" that day, Foyt asked Hulman to accompany him in the pace car for the victory lap; the pair were photographed waving to the fans. It was the first time Hulman had taken a victory lap with the winner, he would not live to do so again. At 76 years old, Hulman appeared to be in good health. In mid-October 1977, he hosted the annual Speedway press dinner. A few days though, he and his close friend, Hoosier sportscaster Chris Schenkel, were the grand marshals for the Fall Festival parade in nearby Martinsville, where Hulman refused Schenkel's offer of his coat in the cool autumn weather. On the night of October 27, 1977, Hulman died of heart failure caused by a ruptured aortic aneurysm on the operating table in St. Vincent's Hospital in Indianapolis.
He is buried in Calvary Cemetery today, along with other members of his family. He was inducted in the Motorsports Hall of Fame of America in 1991, he is a member of the Indiana Football Hall of Fame. He was inducted in the International Motorsports Hall of Fame in 1990. Hulman went on a buying spree beginning in the 1930s, purchasing a string of Coca-Cola bottling plants across Indiana, utility companies, newspapers and television stations including Terre Haute's WTHI, WTHI-FM and WTHI-TV, a great deal of real estate. In recent years, however, as the family has concentrated on the Speedway and racing-related businesses, they have begun to divest themselves of some of Hulman's real estate holdings and "non-core" businesses, such as Wabash Valley Broadcasti
Terre Haute metropolitan area
The Terre Haute Metropolitan Statistical Area known as the Wabash Valley, is the 227th largest Metropolitan Statistical Area in the United States. Centering on the city of Terre Haute, it was formed by the United States Census Bureau in 1950 and consisted of Vigo County; as surrounding counties saw an increase in their population densities and the number of their residents employed within Vigo County, they met Census criteria to be added to the MSA. Four Indiana counties are now a part of this MSA. U. S. Census Bureau State & County QuickFacts U. S. Census Bureau population estimates Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas About Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas Historical Metropolitan Area Definitions
Hymera is a town in and the principal center of Jackson Township, Sullivan County, in the U. S. state of Indiana. The population was 801 at the 2010 census. According to the 2010 census, Hymera has a total area of all land, it is part of the Terre Haute Metropolitan Statistical Area. The primary coordinate point for Hymera is located at latitude 39.1859 and longitude -87.2989 in Sullivan County. Sullivan County is in the Eastern time zone; the elevation is 525 feet. As of the census of 2010, there were 801 people, 306 households, 215 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,128.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 364 housing units at an average density of 512.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 99.0% White, 0.2% Native American, 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.1% of the population. There were 306 households of which 36.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.9% had a male householder with no wife present, 29.7% were non-families.
26.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.14. The median age in the town was 37.5 years. 28% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 49.7% male and 50.3% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 833 people, 331 households, 228 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,184.5 people per square mile. There were 389 housing units at an average density of 553.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 99.40% White, 0.24% Native American, 0.36% from two or more races. There were 331 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.6% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.1% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the town, the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males. The median income for a household in the town was $28,938, the median income for a family was $34,091. Males had a median income of $28,850 versus $16,369 for females; the per capita income for the town was $13,113. About 13.7% of families and 17.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.4% of those under age 18 and 15.2% of those age 65 or over. Students from Hymera attend Northeast East Elementary, North Central High School located in Farmersburg, Indiana; the primary local attractions are Shakamak State Park, Bruce's Pizza & Bait Shop, the Minnehaha Fish and Wildlife Area. During pioneer times, the area was settled by the Methodists for the Bethel Church. A log building once stood within the limits of the present town, where the early settlers assembled for religious worship.
On Busseron Creek was a grist mill erected about 1829. On the westside was one of the first coal mines of the county; the coal was used chiefly by local blacksmiths. Hymera was platted as a townsite circa 1870. Robert Linn had a general store on the site now occupied by the Odd Fellows block. For some years the store and post office, two or three shops, comprised the business of the place; when the post office was established the name Pittsburg was selected by the local community, in honor of William Pitt who owned the land on which Hymera was founded. However, the name was not accepted by the postal department; the post office was established under the name Hymera, has been in operation since 1855. The origin of the name Hymera is credited to John Badders, postmaster, he had Mary. The change of name for the village was accomplished in 1890. In April of that year, a petition from nearly all the voters of Pittsburg was laid before the county commissioners asking that the name of the town as recorded on the plat be changed to Hymera.
A short time on the opening of the new mine at Alum Cave, the new town laid out there was called New Pittsburg, while the Hymera community in distinction was referred to as Old Pittsburg. The resulting confusion brought about the change in name. About this time a branch line of railroad reached up to the coal mines in the vicinity, which led to tremendous growth. In 1902 Hymera was incorporated into a town; that July, the first election for town officers was held. One of the memorable days in the history of Hymera was the celebration in October 1904, known as Mitchell Day, in honor of John Mitchell, the president of the United Mine Workers of America; the crowd in town was estimated at over seven-thousand. A delegation met Mitchell at Terre Haute, the local procession was made up of the K. of P. Band, labor organizations, school children; the ceremonies of the day centered about the unveiling of a monument to Nathan Hinkle, the Revolutionary soldier, buried in the Hymera Cemetery. Hon. James S. Barcus, a great-grandson of Hinkle, delivered an address, Miss Mamie Asbury, a great-granddaughter, assisted in the unveiling.
The monument is fifteen feet high, representing a Revolut
Terre Haute, Indiana
Terre Haute is a city in and the county seat of Vigo County, United States, near the state's western border with Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 60,785 and its metropolitan area had a population of 170,943. Located along the Wabash River, Terre Haute is the "capital" of the Wabash Valley; the city is home to several higher education institutions, including Indiana State University, Saint Mary-of-the-Woods College, Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology and Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana. Terre Haute is located alongside the eastern bank of the Wabash River in western Indiana; the city lies about 75 miles west of Indianapolis. According to the 2010 census, Terre Haute has a total area of 35.272 square miles, of which 34.54 square miles is land and 0.732 square miles is water. The Wabash River dominates the physical geography of the city. Small bluffs on the east side of city mark the edge of the historic flood plain. Lost Creek and Honey Creek drain the southern sections of the city, respectively.
In the late 19th century, several oil and mineral wells were productive in and near the center of the city. Pioneer Oil of Lawrenceville, IL, began drilling for oil at 10th and Chestnut streets on the Indiana State University campus in late December 2013, the first oil well drilled in downtown Terre Haute since 1903; that well produced oil into the 1920s. Terre Haute is at the intersection of two major roadways: U. S. 40 from California to Maryland and US 41 from Michigan to Miami, Florida. Terre Haute is located 77 miles southwest of Indianapolis and within 185 miles of Chicago, St. Louis and Cincinnati. Climate is characterized by high summer temperatures, mean winter temperatures near freezing, evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year; the Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Dfa". Terre Haute's name was derived from the French phrase terre haute, meaning "Highland." It was named by French explorers in the area in the early 18th century to describe the unique location above the Wabash River.
At the time the area was claimed by the French and British, these highlands were considered the border between Canada and Louisiana. The construction of Fort Harrison in 1811 marked the known beginning of a permanent population of European-Americans. A Wea Indian village existed near the fort, the orchards and meadows they kept a few miles south of the fort became the site of the present-day city; the village of Terre Haute a part of Knox County, was platted in 1816. Terre Haute became the county seat of newly formed Vigo County in 1818, leading to increased population growth; the village's 1,000 residents voted to incorporate in 1832, followed by elevation to city status in 1853. Early Terre Haute was a center of farming and pork processing; however the business and industrial expansion of the city prior to 1860 developed thanks to transportation. The Wabash River, the building of the National Road and the Wabash and Erie Canal linked Terre Haute to the world and broadened the city's range of influence.
The economy was based on iron and steel mills, hominy plants and, late in the 19th century, distilleries and bottle makers. Coal mines and coal operating companies developed to support the railroads, yet agriculture remained predominant due to the role of corn in making alcoholic beverages and food items. With steady growth and development in the part of the 19th Century, the vibrant neighborhoods of the city benefited from improved fire protection, the founding of two hospitals, dozens of churches and a number of outlets for amusement. Terre Haute's position as an educational hub was fostered as several institutions of higher education were established; the city developed a reputation for entertainment offerings. Grand opera houses were built that hosted hundreds of theatrical performances, it became a stop on the popular vaudeville circuit. The development of the streetcar system and the electric-powered trolleys in the 1890s made it possible for residents to travel with ease to enjoy baseball games, river excursions, amusement parks and racing.
The famous "Four-Cornered" Racetrack, now the site of Memorial Stadium, was laid out in 1886 and drew the best of the country's trotters and drivers. On the evening of Easter Sunday, March 23, 1913, a major tornado struck Terre Haute at 9:45 p.m. It demolished more than 300 homes, killed twenty-one people and injured 250. Damage to local businesses and industries was estimated at $1 million to $2 million. Up to that time it was the deadliest tornado. Heavy rains followed the tornado. By midday on Tuesday, March 25, West Terre Haute was three-quarters submerged. On Saturday June 16, 1923, through to the following dawn, the largest Ku Klux Klan rally held in Indiana took place in Forest Park, five miles north of Terre Haute. A special train of eight coaches brought Klan members from Indianapolis, another came from Evansville and Vincennes, another brought 1,000 Klansmen from Muncie, it was reported tha
Hulman & Company
Hulman & Company is an American private, family-owned, company founded in 1850 by Francis T. Hulman as a wholesale foods supplier of groceries and liquor, headquartered in Terre Haute, Indiana. Throughout the early half of the 20th century, Hulman & Co. became nationally known for its Clabber Girl baking powder which it began producing in 1899. In 1945, the company purchased the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, in what many thought was an unusual investment for a company with a rich history in the food and beverage industry; the company owns a television production company, Wabash Valley Broadcasting, dba IMS Productions, which does in-house work for their NTT IndyCar Series, various teams in the organization, in the past, produced NBA Indiana Pacers and Professional Bull Riders broadcasts. In 1850 Francis T. Hulman, a native of Lingen, emigrated to the United States, settling in Terre Haute, where he established a small grocery store; the small company proved successful and in 1854 Francis Hulman sent over for his younger brother, Herman Hulman, who had himself been working in the grocery business in the German town of Osnabrück.
The brothers would work together as partners in the wholesale grocery business until in 1858, when Francis and his entire family died at sea aboard a ship called the Astria, which went down en route to Germany. Herman Hulman thereafter assumed control of the prospering firm. In 1870 Hulman formed a partnership with Robert S. Cox a main competitor in the wholesale grocery business, with the firm changing its name to Hulman & Cox. During this period the firm incidentally employed future Socialist Presidential candidate Eugene V. Debs, himself the son of Terre Haute grocers, as a warehouse worker and clerk for five years, with Debs leaving to pursue a political career as elected Terre Haute city clerk in 1879. Hulman purchased the McGregor & Co. distillery of Terre Haute shortly after forming his partnership with Cox enlarging the capacity and sales of the firm. He sold the firm in 1875 to Crawford Fairbacks and returned for a visit to Germany, rebuying a half interest upon his return, with the distillery operating as Hulman & Fairbanks for a time.
This half interest was traded to Robert Cox for his share of the Hulman & Cox operation in 1879. Herman Hulman conducted the business without a partner from 1879 until 1884, formally establishing the firm under the name Hulman & Company in that latter year. Herman Hulman took a new generation in the persons of B. G. Cox and Anton Hulman into partnership in the firm in 1886; the firm continue to grow until its location at the corner of Fifth Street and Wabash Avenue was outgrown. A new facility was constructed, a vast, multi-story building occupying an entire city block, opened with tours and a celebratory banquet attended by more than 2,000 people in September 1893. Clabber Girl Indianapolis Motor Speedway IndyCar
Indianapolis Motor Speedway
The Indianapolis Motor Speedway is an automobile racing circuit located in Speedway, Indiana, in the United States. It is the home of the Indianapolis 500 and the Brickyard 400, the home of the United States Grand Prix, it is located on the corner of 16th Street and Georgetown Road six miles west of Downtown Indianapolis. Constructed in 1909, it is the second purpose-built, banked oval racing circuit after Brooklands and the first to be called a'speedway', it has a permanent seating capacity of 257,325. It is the highest-capacity sports venue in the world. Considered flat by American standards, the track is a 2.5-mile-long rectangular oval with dimensions that have remained unchanged since its construction. It has two 5⁄8-mile-long straightaways, four geometrically identical 1⁄4-mile turns, connected by two 1⁄8-mile short straightaways, termed "short chutes", between turns 1 and 2, between turns 3 and 4. A modern, FIA Grade One infield road course was completed in 2000, incorporating part of the oval, including the main stretch and the southeast turn, measuring 2.605 miles.
In 2008, again in 2014, the road course layout was modified to accommodate motorcycle racing, as well as to improve competition. Altogether, the current grounds have expanded from an original 320 acres on which the speedway was first built to cover an area of over 559 acres. Placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975 and designated a National Historic Landmark in 1987, it is the only such site to be affiliated with automotive racing history. In addition to the Indianapolis 500, the speedway hosts NASCAR's Brickyard 400 and Lilly Diabetes 250. From 2000 to 2007, the speedway hosted the Formula One United States Grand Prix, from 2008 to 2015 the Moto GP. On the grounds of the speedway is the Indianapolis Motor Speedway Museum, which opened in 1956, houses the Hall of Fame; the museum moved into its current building located in the infield in 1976. On the grounds is the Brickyard Crossing Golf Resort, which opened as the Speedway Golf Course in 1929; the golf course has 14 holes outside the track, along the backstretch, four holes in the infield.
The speedway served as the venue for the opening ceremonies for the 1987 Pan American Games. The track is nicknamed "The Brickyard", the garage area is famously known as Gasoline Alley. Indianapolis businessman Carl G. Fisher first envisioned building the speedway in 1905 after assisting friends racing in France and seeing that Europe held the upper hand in automobile design and craftsmanship. Fisher began thinking of a better means of testing cars before delivering them to consumers. At the time, racing was just getting started on public roads. Fisher noticed how ill-suited the makeshift courses were for racing and testing, he argued that spectators did not get their money's worth, as they were only able to get a brief glimpse of cars speeding down a linear road. Fisher proposed building a circular track 3 to 5 miles long with smooth 100–150-foot-wide surfaces; such a track would give manufacturers a chance to test cars at sustained speeds and give drivers a chance to learn their limits. Fisher predicted.
He visited the Brooklands circuit outside London in 1907, after viewing the banked layout, it solidified his determination to build the speedway. With dozens of car makers and suppliers in Indiana, Fisher proclaimed, "Indianapolis is going to be the world's greatest center of horseless carriage manufacturer, what could be more logical than building the world's greatest racetrack right here?"Fisher began looking around the Indianapolis area for a site to build his track. In December 1908, he convinced James A. Allison, Arthur Newby, Frank W. Wheeler to join him in purchasing the property for $72,000; the group incorporated the Indianapolis Motor Speedway Company on March 20, 1909, with a capitalization of $250,000, with Fisher and James Allison in for $75,000 apiece and Frank Wheeler and Arthur Newby on board for $50,000 each. Construction of the track started in March 1909. Fisher had to downsize his planned 3-mile oval with a 2-mile road course to a 2.5-mile oval to leave room for the grandstands.
Reshaping of the land for the speedway took 500 laborers, 300 mules and a fleet of steam-powered machinery. The track surface consisted of graded and packed soil covered by 2 inches of gravel, 2 inches of limestone covered with taroid, 1–2 inches of crushed stone chips that were drenched with taroid, a final topping of crushed stone. Workers constructed dozens of buildings, several bridges, grandstands with 12,000 seats, an 8-foot perimeter fence. A white-with-green-trim paint scheme was used throughout the property; the first event held at the speedway was a helium gas-filled balloon competition on Saturday, June 5, 1909, more than two months before the oval was completed. The event drew a reported 40,000 people. Nine balloons lifted off "racing" for trophies; the first motorsport event at the track consisted of seven motorcycle races, sanctioned by the Federation of American Motorcyclists, on August 14, 1909. This was planned as a two-day, 15-race program, but ended before the first da