The Ramapo River is a tributary of the Pompton River 30 mi long, in southern New York and northern New Jersey in the United States. The Ramapo river rises in Round Lake, a small freshwater lake in the Village of Monroe, New York in a mountainous area of central Orange County, New York, ] and flows southeast through the village where the river was dammed in 1741 for a sawmill and grist mill, to Harriman, Here a chemical plant, Nepera Chemical, was built, while the plant has been dismantled, a superfund site has been designated at the location where barrels of toxic chemicals were buried. At Harriman, the river turns south into western Rockland County, where it flows through the hamlet and town of Ramapo, New York into northern Bergen County, New Jersey. In New Jersey, it flows SSW, along the east side of the ridge of the Ramapo Mountains; the river flows into Pompton Lake in Pompton Lakes. The river that flows out of Pompton Lake, forming the border between Pompton Lakes and Wayne; the Ramapo forms a confluence with the Pequannock River along the border between Pequannock and Wayne, forming the Pompton River.
A portion of the river's water is diverted to the nearby Wanaque Reservoir. The river is a popular destination for fly fishing of trout. New York State Route 17, the Port Jervis commuter railroad line, the New York State Thruway were all constructed in the valley of the river between Harriman and Suffern, New York. Areas noted along the Ramapo River were inhabited by bands of the Lenape tribe, a large group who inhabited much of the coastal areas of the mid-Atlantic region; some of their people retreated to the mountains under pressure from English colonists. The Lenape occupied western Long Island, the areas of present-day metropolitan New York and southern New Jersey and the Delaware River Valley, south through Pennsylvania into Delaware. Many smaller archeological sites in Oakland, New Jersey have been found to have been inhabited by prehistoric indigenous peoples. Areas of Oakland contain many areas where fossilized crustaceans can be found along the banks of the river. Descendants of the Lenape include the Ramapough Lenape Indian Tribe (also known as the Ramapough Mountain Indians, recognized in 1980 by the state of New Jersey.
Many have lived in Mahwah and Ringwood, New Jersey and Hillburn, New York since the late colonial period. They intermarried with people of other ethnicities. Torne Mountain, in Harriman State Park, overlooks the Ramapo Pass and remnants of the once-thriving Ramapo Iron Works. During the American Revolution, the Torne served as a lookout for British ship movements on the Hudson. Legend tells that Gen. George Washington lost his watch on the mountain, it may still be heard ticking up there in a crevice of rock. List of New Jersey rivers List of New York rivers EPA: Ramapo Aquifer Systems United States Military Academy: Ramapo River Watershed Model and Environmental Study Torne Valley Preservation Association U. S. Geological Survey: NJ stream gaging stations
Yu-hwei Chen known as Zheng Feng, is a wuxia novelist. Born in 1973 in Taipei, Taiwan to Chen Li-an, a former president of Control Yuan of Republic of China and Cecilia Tsao, the founder of Cecilia Arts, Chen is the fourth child and the only daughter of a prominent clan, her great grandfather Tan Yankai is a former president of Republic of China and her grandfather Chen Tsyr-shiou is a former vice president of Republic of China. Chen attended Fu-Hsing Private School and Affiliated Senior High School of National Taiwan Normal University in Taipei for primary and secondary education. Encouraged by her father, she began reading wuxia novels by Louis Cha since primary school and was fascinated with his works, which influenced her future writing career. During her childhood and teenage years, Chen was obsessed with classic Chinese literature, this equipped her with eloquent narrative skills in Old Chinese. Chen was enrolled in Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1991 and earned a bachelor's degree from Sloan Business School in 1995.
After graduation, she worked for JP Morgan Chase as an investment banker. She spent one year in London, her experience in London inspired her imagination and she set pen on the draft of her first wuxia novel. She returned to Hong Kong and resumed her investment banking career with ABN AMRO, where she retired as director in 2009, her first novel was published in 2006 and won the Best Novel Award in a wuxia novel competition in Greater China. After that, she published another four novels, she became a professional novelist in 2009 and began serving on the board of Independent Schools Foundation Academy
Solomon Krym was an agronomist and a Crimean Karaite politician. He was elected in 1906 to the First Duma as a Kadet, he was an active member of the Grand Orient of Russia's Peoples. A few months after the dismantling of the Tatar-controlled Crimean People's Republic, he was the Finance Minister under the first Crimean Regional Government headed by General Suleyman Sulkiewicz. On November 16, 1918 he became the Prime Minister of the second short-lived Crimean Regional liberal, anti-separatist and anti-Soviet government, his Foreign Affairs Minister was another former Kadet member of the First Duma. After the defeat of the Volunteer Army in April 1919 he emigrated and went into exile in a Russian émigrés colony at Bormes-les-Mimosas, building a house on the "Russian hill" there
The Women's Flat Track Derby Association is the international governing body for the sport of women's flat track roller derby, association of leagues around the world. The organization was founded in April 2004 as the United Leagues Coalition, but was renamed in November 2005, it is registered in Raleigh, North Carolina as a 501 business league organization, a type of nonprofit organization. According to its mission statement, the WFTDA "promotes and fosters the sport of women's flat track roller derby by facilitating the development of athletic ability and goodwill among member leagues", its governing philosophy is "by the skaters, for the skaters" — the primary owners and operators of each member league and of the association are women skaters, although this does not preclude any particular business structure; the mission statement says WFTDA sets "standards for rules and safety, determining guidelines for the national and international athletic competitions of member leagues", says "all member leagues have a voice in the decision-making process, agree to comply with WFTDA policies".
In 2004, the United Leagues Coalition was an informal electronic message board through which established leagues compared notes in order to prepare for inter-league play, it was used to exchange information to help new leagues that were just getting started. The ULC evolved into a more formal organization in July 2005, when representatives of 20 leagues met in Chicago to discuss establishing a governing body for women's flat-track roller derby. At the meeting, a voting system was established, as was a set of goals, a timeline established for facilitating inter-league play. Among these goals was the production of a standard track design, standard game rules; the design and rules were settled upon and distributed that year. In November 2005, the ULC voted to change its name to the Women's Flat Track Derby Association, with initial membership of 22 leagues. In early 2006, a track design and rules were published on the organization's fledgling website. On 15 August 2007, the WFTDA announced it had struck a deal with the MavTV network to record and broadcast the 2007 Eastern Regional Tournament as a weekly series of 12 one-hour episodes.
In September 2007, the WFTDA was admitted to USA Roller Sports as a Class V member — a national amateur roller skating organization — and a WFTDA delegate joined the USARS Board of Directors. In June 2008, the WFTDA Rules Committee created a Question and Answer forum to "provide definitive and final answers about the Women's Flat Track Derby Association Standard Rules, in July, the WFTDA started its referee certification program; the official WFTDA magazine fiveonfive began publication in September 2008. In November, it was announced that for 2009, WFTDA member leagues would be divided into four regions, rather than two: West, South Central, North Central, East; each region has a tournament scheduled, followed by a national championship. In April 2009, the WFTDA published revised rules, WFTDA Rules 4.0. The revised rule-set became effective for all WFTDA sanctioned bouts on 1 June 2009. At the start of 2013, the geographic regions were replaced with three divisions, each operating worldwide. However, foreseeing continued growth in membership, the WFTDA stated that future developments were to include new regional structures alongside the divisional system.
In November 2015, broadened its discrimination protections for gender identity to include transgender women, intersex women, gender-expansive participants. In July 2005 the United Leagues Coalition was a somewhat formal organization of 20-plus leagues. By early 2006, the organization had grown to 30 leagues, a cap decided upon at the July 2005 meeting. In February that year, soon after the initial membership requirements were published, a "multi-league per city" clause was added. Although throughout early and mid-2006 the clause was listed as a requirement for membership, WFTDA's web site was updated to state that the policy is "unofficial". WFTDA claimed the policy was intended to uphold goodwill between members — by excluding leagues not to find favor with established members — as well as to prevent rival leagues in the same city from being privy to each other's "proprietary information." Around this time, induction of new member leagues was put on hold until revised membership requirements could be discussed at the next face-to-face meeting, held in May 2006.
Following that meeting, a press release was issued to promote the organization and publicize the meeting. The June statement covered the following points: Representatives of the "30 founding leagues" met to discuss rules, business structure, skill standards and future tournaments. 30 more leagues were slated to be inducted in mid-2006, bringing the potential total membership to 60. Version Two of the WFTDA Flat Track Derby Standardized Rules for Interleague Play was announced as forthcoming in mid-2006. Changes to the member league divisions were announced. A 2007 tournament schedule was announced. In addition and Western Regions, delineated by the Mississippi River, were announced. In September 2006, new membership was reopened. By late August 2007, WFTDA membership was up to forty-three leagues. In February 2008, WFTDA announced. By September 2008, WFTDA membership had grown to 60 leagues. In January 2009, Montreal Roller Derby became the first Canadian league admitted as a member, the WFTDA's 66th member, was pl
Maroa is a city in Macon County, United States whose population was 1,801 at the 2010 census, 1,716 at a 2018 estimate. It is included in the Illinois Metropolitan Statistical Area. Maroa is located at 40°2′13″N 88°57′18″W. According to the 2010 census, Maroa has a total area of all land; the city was named after the Maroa Indians. The first settler of the township was James Pettyjohn, who came from Kentucky and settled in 1839; the next group of settlers came from Ohio and Tennessee. The first schoolhouse was built in 1852. Maroa at one time was the second largest township, besides county seat Decatur, as it sat at the junction of both the Illinois Central Railroad and the Midland Railroad Company. Maroa was incorporated as a town on March 7, 1867; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,654 people, 651 households, 477 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,456.2 people per square mile. There were 711 housing units at an average density of 1,055.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 99.27% White, 0.18% African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 0.18% from other races, 0.24% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 0.91% of the population. There were 651 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.5% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.6% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.00. In the city, the population was spread out with 27.4% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $41,615, the median income for a family was $46,908. Males had a median income of $38,274 versus $20,809 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,308. About 3.0% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.
Christopher Alaneme was a British murder victim. He was eighteen years old when he was murdered on 21 April 2006 in Sheerness, England; the convicted killer is Peter Connolly, a painter and decorator of Carisbrooke Gardens, Peckham. Alaneme was born at Farnborough Hospital in Orpington, London, on 1 October 1987, his parents and Agatha Alaneme, moved from Nigeria to live in Britain in the 1970s. He had two sisters, Jane, 16, Grace, 12, in their early years they lived in Bromley, south-east London. Alaneme left London to escape the violence of the big city and pursue a new life in a quiet coastal town, he was a family friend of Kele Okereke and guitarist of the band Bloc Party, who wrote their song "Where Is Home?" about his murder and dedicated it to him. The eighteen-year-old died from a fatal wound to his abdomen; the five men charged with his murder were Londoners who had travelled to Kent that day to stay at a caravan park. They had spent the evening drinking in pubs in Sheerness before crossing the path of Alaneme and his friends in the street at around midnight.
Maidstone Crown Court heard one of the five white men make a racist remark about Alaneme after coming across him following a night's heavy drinking, during which some had taken cocaine. When the black teenager's white friends objected, the gang chased and surrounded Alaneme, fatally stabbing him in his liver, it was alleged. In the space of 90 seconds, Mark Davies, an off-duty taxicab driver who got caught up in their "indiscriminate" violence, the court heard, was knifed. Davies, out celebrating his birthday, was stabbed five times as he got up from a bench outside the Bar One pub to see what was going on, he received severe injuries which have left him with medical problems he will face for the rest of his life. The day after the murder of Alaneme, the police released that a man was arrested over a "gang stabbing" and they believed there were at least four people involved in the attack. On 26 April two men were arrested on suspicion of murder and attempted murder, while police are looking for three other men from London, in connection with the incident.
In early May, four men, arrested on suspicion of murder and attempted murder, were released on bail. The police still wished to speak to Peter Connolly and were urging anyone who knew of his whereabouts to contact them. On 12 September 2006 five men were charged with the murder of Alaneme; the defendants were 29, a painter and decorator, of Carisbrooke Gardens, Peckham. On 29 September 2006, Gerry Duhig, 27, of Camberwell, south London, was given conditional bail after an in-chambers application at Maidstone Crown Court. Four other men remain in custody at Belmarsh Prison after an earlier hearing, accused of fatally stabbing the teenager in Sheerness, in April. On 27 November 2006 all five men, who are from south east London, pleaded not guilty to murder at Maidstone Crown Court, before a trial date was set for 1 October 2007. Three men – Connolly and Beaney – denied a charge of wounding with intent, they were remanded in custody. Sean and Gerry Duhig, brothers aged 23 and 27, remain on conditional bail.
On 9 October 2007 Connolly and Beaney were charged with wounding with intent after the stabbing of Davies. On 20 November 2007 brothers Sean and Gerry Duhig were cleared of murdering Christopher Alaneme. Three other men from London still standing trial accused of Alaneme's murder. Beaney and Connolly, all deny the charge, they pleaded not guilty to another charge of wounding with intent in the stabbing of Davies. Police say Alaneme, black, was racially abused before the attack. "After speaking to witnesses, we believe there were words said prior to the incident that suggest racial motivation was a factor," said Supt Steve Corbishley. It led to a public inquiry, chaired by Sir William Macpherson of Cluny, whose report forced the police and other public bodies to change the way they deal with race issues, hate crimes and murders, but despite the undoubted improvements made in the investigation and handling of racist crime, the number of race-hate incidents reported to the police has continued to grow.
Chief constables have argued that the rise in reported racist incidents is a positive development and reflects ethnic minorities' growing confidence in the police to deal with their complaints in a sympathetic and even-handed manner. Last year there were more than 59,000 racist incidents reported to the police, a rise of 12 per cent on the previous year, but the true scale of the problem is far higher. The British Crime Survey estimates that there are more than 200,000 racially motivated incidents every year. Although there were racial connotations to the events of 21 April, there was no dispute that racist remarks had been made, the judge, who could have imposed an additional tariff for racial aggravation, determined at a sentencing hearing that this was not a clear racial crime; because the remarks had not been uttered by Connolly and Connolly had gone on to attack a White man, the judge could not be satisfied that racism was the specific motivation in the murder. On 1 October 2007 the trial of Connolly started.
A week on 9 October 2007, the prosecutor said: "This case isn't about a late night punch up, it's about a group of five friends who in two separate incidents closed in on unarmed men, causing serious injuries to one and death to the other." He added: "These pitiless stabbings were without a semblance of justification."On 10 December 2007 Connolly was found guilt