Ramos Mejía

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Ramos Mejía
City
Skyline of Ramos Mejía
Coat of arms of Ramos Mejía
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): City of commerce
Ramos Mejía is located in Greater Buenos Aires
Ramos Mejía
Ramos Mejía
Coordinates: 34°39′S 58°34′W / 34.650°S 58.567°W / -34.650; -58.567
Country  Argentina
Province  Buenos Aires Province
Partido La Matanza Partido
Founded 1871
Government
 • Type Municipal council
 • Headquarters City Hall of La Matanza
 • Mayor of La Matanza Verónica Magario (Front for Victory)
Area
 • Total 11.9 km2 (4.6 sq mi)
Elevation 26 m (85 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 98,547
 • Density 8,300/km2 (21,000/sq mi)
CPA Base B 1704
Area code(s) +54 011
Website http://ramosmejia.com/

Ramos Mejía is a city in La Matanza Partido, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. The city has an area of 11.9 km2 (4.6 sq mi) and a population of 98,547.[1] The city is one of the largest commercial districts in the Western Zone of Greater Buenos Aires.

History[edit]

The land where the city is now located was originally purchased from Martín José de Altolaguirre by Francisco Ramos Mejía in 1808. Ramos Mejía was the son of a merchant from Seville, and had returned from a nine-year stay in the Upper Peru, where his business interests had met with success. The ranch became noteworthy as the site of the first public religious controversy in Argentina, when Ramos Mejía's differences over the interpretation of biblical canon with the local parish priest, Father Castañeda, led to the former's exile from the parish in 1821.[2]

The property remained in name of wife, María Antonia Segurola de Ramos Mejía, who became its sole proprietor upon her husband's death in 1828. Confiscated by order of Governor Juan Manuel de Rosas in 1840, it was returned to the widow in 1853 following Rosas' overthrow. She bequeathed the land to her four sons in a living trust. They, in turn, sold the first lots to the Buenos Aires Western Railway, which opened the station at the site on September 25, 1858, along the nation's first rail line.[3]

The Ramos Mejía Sarmiento Line station. Opened in 1907, the central building was converted to a museum in 2008

Subsequent sales by the heirs, and its resale as parcels, led to the establishment of the town in 1871.[3] Buoyed by the subsequent wave of immigration in Argentina, Ramos Mejía grew rapidly and in 1904, the cobblestone Avenida Rivadavia reached the town from Buenos Aires. The original station was replaced in 1907 by a larger structure designed by Dutch architect John Doyer; one of the most recognizable examples of Victorian architecture in Argentina, the building itself was converted to a museum in 2008.[4]

Ramos Mejía would be the site of other milestones in the history of Argentine public transport. The establishment of the Transporte Ideal San Justo, a shared taxi company, in 1921, marked the birth of the popular transport service in Argentina (where they are known as colectivos).[3] The electrification of the Western Railway line in 1923 between Ramos Mejía and the Once railway station terminal in Buenos Aires would be another first in the nation.[2]

Among the most important educational institutions in the city are the Ward College, established in 1913, the Santo Domingo College (founded in 1915), and the Salesian Wilfrid Barón College of Don Bosco, established in 1930; one of its alumni was the future Pope Francis, who (as Jorge Bergoglio) studied here as a sixth-grader.[5] The local Casa de la Cultura ("cultural house") houses the Leopoldo Marechal Theatre, one of the most important such establishments in La Matanza County. Ramos Mejía was officially recognized as a city by the Provincial Legislature on September 17, 1964.[2]

The city is the birthplace of, among other well-known personalities in Argentina, comedian Antonio Gasalla, cyclist and olympic gold medalist Walter Pérez, former Vice President Carlos Ruckauf, Governor Daniel Scioli, screenwriter Damián Szifrón, and songwriter María Elena Walsh.

Places of Interest[edit]

Aerial photo of Ramos Mejia

Ramos Mejía is located approximately 14 km from City center of the capital, and has rapid access through highways. Has many importante historical buildings, churches, and huge schools and edifications, very attractive residential places, intense night life, Cultural centers and a Shopping with many products y services, together to the downtown where a mix between old houses and very big tower buildings and offices.

Ramos Mejia Train station.

The Ramos Mejia Station: it's a city heritage, and the mansion next to the station has a huge simolic value, because it's the center of the story of Ramos Mejia. This building, from 1906 was designed and built by the Architect Dutch John Doyer (1862-1936), who designed and built also the Once railway station. The architecture design matches the late Victorian style.

Education[edit]

Public Schools[edit]

Private Schools[edit]

  • School Nuestra Señora de Fatima (Elementary - High School)
  • School Parroquial San Juan XXIII (Maternal - Inicial - Elementary - High School regular and technical - Terciary)
  • Institute Don Bosco (Elementary - High School)
  • School Ramos Mejia (Inicial - Elementary - High School)
  • School Santo Domingo (Kindergarten - Elementary - High School)
  • Institute San Miguel (Inicial - Elementary - High School)
  • School Santísimo Redentor (Elementary - High School)
  • Escuela Argentina del Oeste (Elementary - High School)
  • Escuela Jean Piaget (Elementary - High School)
  • Institute Santo Tomás de Aquino (Kindergarten - Elementary - High School)
  • Institute French (Kindergarten - Elementary - High School)
  • School del Parque (Elementary - High School)
  • Escuela Colina de la Paz (Elementary)
  • Institute Sarmiento (High School)
  • Institute Juan José Castelli (High School) — Closed in 2008 permanently
  • School Guillermo de Orange - Orange Day School (Inicial - Elementary - High School)

Public Figures[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://wikiradar.com/ramos-mejia/
  2. ^ a b c "Historia de Ramos Mejía". 
  3. ^ a b c "Presentaron el libro "Ramos Mejía, su historia"". Diario Noticias con Objetividad. 
  4. ^ "El Museo Casa de la Estación Ramos Mejía ya está abierto al público". Provincias y Municipio. Agencia Nova. 1 February 2008. 
  5. ^ Hutchinson, John (16 March 2013). "From fresh-faced schoolboy to leader of 1.2 billion Catholics". Daily Mail. London. 

Coordinates: 34°39′S 58°34′W / 34.650°S 58.567°W / -34.650; -58.567