A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used in connection with national population and housing censuses; the United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory and defined periodicity", recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations cover census topics to be collected, official definitions and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice; the word is of Latin origin: during the Roman Republic, the census was a list that kept track of all adult males fit for military service. The modern census is essential to international comparisons of any kind of statistics, censuses collect data on many attributes of a population, not just how many people there are. Censuses began as the only method of collecting national demographic data, are now part of a larger system of different surveys.
Although population estimates remain an important function of a census, including the geographic distribution of the population, statistics can be produced about combinations of attributes e.g. education by age and sex in different regions. Current administrative data systems allow for other approaches to enumeration with the same level of detail but raise concerns about privacy and the possibility of biasing estimates. A census can be contrasted with sampling in which information is obtained only from a subset of a population. Modern census data are used for research, business marketing, planning, as a baseline for designing sample surveys by providing a sampling frame such as an address register. Census counts are necessary to adjust samples to be representative of a population by weighting them as is common in opinion polling. Stratification requires knowledge of the relative sizes of different population strata which can be derived from census enumerations. In some countries, the census provides the official counts used to apportion the number of elected representatives to regions.
In many cases, a chosen random sample can provide more accurate information than attempts to get a population census. A census is construed as the opposite of a sample as its intent is to count everyone in a population rather than a fraction. However, population censuses rely on a sampling frame to count the population; this is the only way to be sure that everyone has been included as otherwise those not responding would not be followed up on and individuals could be missed. The fundamental premise of a census is that the population is not known and a new estimate is to be made by the analysis of primary data; the use of a sampling frame is counterintuitive as it suggests that the population size is known. However, a census is used to collect attribute data on the individuals in the nation; this process of sampling marks the difference between historical census, a house to house process or the product of an imperial decree, the modern statistical project. The sampling frame used by census is always an address register.
Thus it is not known how many people there are in each household. Depending on the mode of enumeration, a form is sent to the householder, an enumerator calls, or administrative records for the dwelling are accessed; as a preliminary to the dispatch of forms, census workers will check any address problems on the ground. While it may seem straightforward to use the postal service file for this purpose, this can be out of date and some dwellings may contain a number of independent households. A particular problem is what are termed'communal establishments' which category includes student residences, religious orders, homes for the elderly, people in prisons etc; as these are not enumerated by a single householder, they are treated differently and visited by special teams of census workers to ensure they are classified appropriately. Individuals are counted within households and information is collected about the household structure and the housing. For this reason international documents refer to censuses of housing.
The census response is made by a household, indicating details of individuals resident there. An important aspect of census enumerations is determining which individuals can be counted from which cannot be counted. Broadly, three definitions can be used: de facto residence; this is important to consider individuals who have temporary addresses. Every person should be identified uniquely as resident in one place but where they happen to be on Census Day, their de facto residence, may not be the best place to count them. Where an individual uses services may be more useful and this is at their usual, or de jure, residence. An individual may be represented at a permanent address a family home for students or long term migrants, it is necessary to have a precise definition of residence to decide whether visitors to a country should be included in the population count. This is becoming more important as students travel abroad for education for a period of several years. Other groups causing problems of enumeration are new born babies, people away on holiday, people moving home around census day, people without a fixed address.
People having second homes because of working in another part of the country or retaining a holiday cottage are dif
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Canyon is a city in, the county seat of, Randall County, United States. The population was 13,303 at the 2010 census, it is part of the Amarillo, metropolitan statistical area. Canyon is the home of West Texas A&M University and Panhandle–Plains Historical Museum, the world-famous outdoor musical drama Texas. Canyon was founded by L. G. Conner. East of Canyon is the JA Ranch, founded in 1877 by Charles Goodnight and John George Adair and still under the ownership of the Adair heirs. According to the United States Census Bureau, Canyon has a total area of all land; the city itself lies in a valley that becomes Palo Duro Canyon to the east. At the 2010 census, there were 13,303 people, 5,185 households and 2,924 families residing in the city; the population density was 2687.47 per square mile. There were 5,611 housing units at an average density of 1,133.54 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 88.5% White, 2.4% African American, 0.7% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 4.7% from other races, 2% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.7% of the population. There were 5,185 households of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 43.6% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.99. 21.4% of the population were under the age of 18, 18.6% from 20 to 24, 22.3% from 25 to 44, 15.3% from 45 to 64, 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males. The median household income was $32,361 and the median family income was $46,250. Males had a median income of $34,338 versus $25,255 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,292. About 8.1% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.2% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.
Public education in Canyon is served by the Canyon Independent School District. The only high school is the Canyon High School, whose mascot is an Eagle; some students in Canyon, TX play soccer at the Brown Road Soccer Complex on the west side of town. Houston Bright, composer who taught for three decades at West Texas A&M University Harold Bugbee, Western artist and the former curator of Panhandle-Plains Museum Terry Funk, professional wrestler and actor Blair Garner, syndicated radio host Bryan A. Garner, editor-in-chief of Black's Law Dictionary and teacher. Margaret Pease Harper, educator and originator of Texas Grady Hazlewood, Texas state senator 1941–1971 and the father of the farm-to-market road system, was reared on a farm near Canyon Mark Lair, Hall of Fame Bridge Player, Inducted into the American Contract Bridge League Bridge Hall of Fame in 2009. Mark has lived in Canyon for the past 41 years. Georgia O'Keeffe, famous artist, first lived in Amarillo and Canyon, having been inspired by the natural beauty of the Palo Duro country.
Carmen Espinoza-Rodriquez, singer/songwriter. Brandon Schneider, women's basketball head coach at the University of Kansas. Candace Whitaker, women's basketball head coach at Texas Tech. Roy Whittenburg, newspaper publisher, U. S. Senate candidate in 1958. Palo Duro Canyon State Park is twelve miles east of Canyon. City of Canyon City-Data Handbook of Texas Online
Armstrong County, Texas
Armstrong County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,901, its county seat is Claude. The county was formed in 1876 and organized in 1890, it was named for one of several Texas pioneer families named Armstrong. Armstrong County is included in the TX Metropolitan Statistical Area. Tom Blasingame, the oldest cowboy in the history of the American West, lived in Armstrong County and worked for 73 years in ranching on the JA Ranch. Ranch historian Laura Vernon Hamner interviewed many "old-timers" in Armstrong County during the last decade of the 19th century and the first decade of the 20th century in preparation for her writings on the Texas Panhandle. Paleo-Indians first inhabitants as far back as 10,000 BC. Apachean cultures roamed the county until Comanche dominated around 1700; the Comanches were defeated by the United States Army in the Red River War of 1874. Tribes include Kiowa and Cheyenne. Armstrong County was formed from Bexar County in 1876, organized in 1890, with Claude as the county seat.
Charles Goodnight and John George Adair established ranching in the county. In 1876, Goodnight brought a herd of 1,600 cattle into the Palo Duro Canyon; the JA Ranch encompassed over a million acres, including Armstrong County and five adjoining counties. The county land use was ranch-related after the trickling in of homesteaders, for the remainder of the 19th century. In 1887, the JA Ranch split up, giving way to a terminus for the Fort Denver City Railway; the first town from the ranch was Goodnight. Landowner Robert E. Montgomery platted the town of Washburn, named after railroad executive D. W. Washburn; the next year, railroad lines turned Washburn into a boom town. In the same year, Armstrong City was renamed Claude in honor of railroad engineer Claude Ayers. In 1890, the two towns competed with Claude winning. Many scenes of the 1963 Paul Newman film Hud were filmed at Claude. At the beginning of the 20th century, ranching began to share the land with cotton and wheat crops, although ranching remained the leading industry.
The Great Depression had a severe effect on the county's economy, recovery took years. Ranches still occupied about 68% of the land in the county in 2005. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 914 square miles, of which 909 square miles are land and 4.7 square miles are covered by water. U. S. Highway 287 State Highway 207 Carson County Gray County Donley County Briscoe County Swisher County Randall County Potter County As of the census of 2000, 2,148 people, 802 households, 612 families resided in the county; the population density was 2 people per square mile. The 920 housing units averaged 1 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.44% White, 0.28% Black or African American, 0.65% Native American, 2.79% from other races, 0.84% from two or more races. About 5.40% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 802 households, 33.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.20% were married couples living together, 6.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.60% were non-families.
About 21.40% of all households were made up of individuals, 12.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 2.99. In the county, the population was distributed as 26.00% under the age of 18, 6.10% from 18 to 24, 24.80% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, 19.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $38,194, for a family was $43,894. Males had a median income of $30,114 versus $21,786 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,151. About 7.90% of families and 10.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.80% of those under age 18 and 11.60% of those age 65 or over. The Claude Independent School District serves all of Armstrong County. Three school districts headquartered in surrounding counties, Clarendon Consolidated Independent School District, Groom Independent School District, Happy Independent School District, include small unincorporated portions of Armstrong County.
Claude Goodnight Washburn Wayside Armstrong County Sheriff's Office List of museums in the Texas Panhandle National Register of Historic Places listings in Armstrong County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Armstrong County Armstrong County Armstrong County, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online Armstrong County from the Texas Almanac Armstrong County from the TXGenWeb Project Armstrong County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties Interactive Texas Map Texas Map Collection
Carson County, Texas
Carson County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 6,182; the county seat is Panhandle. The county was founded in 1876 and organized in 1888, it is named for the first secretary of state of the Republic of Texas. Carson County is included in the TX Metropolitan Statistical Area. Prehistoric hunter-gatherers were the first inhabitants, followed by the Plains Apache. Modern Apache tribes were displaced by Comanches; the Comanches were defeated by the United States Army in the Red River War of 1874. Spanish conquistador Francisco Vásquez de Coronado explored the Llano Estacado in 1541. Carson County was established in 1876 from Bexar County; the county was organized in 1888. Panhandle, the only town at the time, became the county seat. Ranching began to be established in the county in the 1880s; the JA Ranch encompassed over a million acres within six adjoining counties. Richard E. McNalty established the Turkey Track Ranch in 1878. One of the early failed attempts came in 1882 when Charles G. Francklyn purchased 637,440 acres of railroad lands in adjoining counties to form the Francklyn Land and Cattle Company.
The lands were sold to the White Deer Lands Trust of British bondholders in 1886 and 1887. Railroads began to reach the county by 1886 when the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway subsidiary Southern Kansas Railway extended the line into Texas, making Panhandle City a railhead in 1888. In 1889, the Fort Worth and Denver Railway linked Panhandle City with Washburn in Armstrong County. In 1904 the Chicago, Rock Island and Gulf bought the line. In 1908 the Southern Kansas of Texas extended its line from Panhandle City to Amarillo, thus making the Kansas-Texas-New Mexico line a major transcontinental route; the Choctaw and Texas Railroad built across the southern edge of the county. Pumping underground water with windmills resolved the issue of bringing water from Roberts County via the railroad. White Deer in 1909 became home to Polish Catholic immigrants, who had first settled Panna Maria in Karnes County before migrating to Carson County. Experimental drilling by Gulf Oil Corporation led to the county's, the Panhandle's, first oil and gas production in late 1921.
Borger field was discovered in 1925, sparking much oil exploration and production of the Panhandle area. By the end of 2000 more than 178,398,900 barrels of petroleum had been produced from county lands. In September 1942 the Pantex Ordnance Plant was built on 16,076 acres of southwestern Carson County land, to pack and load shells and bombs in support of the World War II effort. Operations ceased August 1945, in 1949 the site was sold to Texas Tech University at Amarillo for agricultural experimentation. Pantex reopened in 1951 as a nuclear weapons assembly plant. In 1960, Pantex began high explosives development in support of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California. Pantex has a long-term mission to safely and securely maintain the nation’s nuclear weapons stockpile and dismantle weapons retired by the military. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 924 square miles, of which 920 square miles is land and 3.9 square miles is water. Interstate 40 U.
S. Highway 60 State Highway 152 State Highway 207 Farm to Market Road 293 Hutchinson County Roberts County Gray County Armstrong County Potter County Moore County Donley County Randall County As of the census of 2000, there were 6,516 people, 2,470 households, 1,884 families residing in the county; the population density was 7 people per square mile. There were 2,815 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 93.82% White, 0.58% Black or African American, 1.00% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.04% from other races, 1.41% from two or more races. 7.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. In terms of ancestry, 25.0% were of German, 14,2% were of Irish, 8,1% were of English, 4,7% were of American, 3,2% were of Scottish, 3,1% were of Polish. There were 2,470 households out of which 35.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.30% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.70% were non-families.
22.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.04. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.90% under the age of 18, 6.20% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, 15.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $40,285, the median income for a family was $47,147. Males had a median income of $34,271 versus $23,325 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,368. About 5.40% of families and 7.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.90% of those under age 18 and 9.40% of those age 65 or over. Groom Panhandle Skellytown White Deer Conway Carson County Square House Museum List of museums in the Texas Panhandle National Register of Historic Places listings in Carson County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Carson County Carson County government's website Carson County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas Interactive Texas Map Texas Map Collection Carson County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Deaf Smith County, Texas
Deaf Smith County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 19,372; the county seat is Hereford, known as the "Beef Capital of the World". The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1890; the Hereford, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Deaf Smith County. In 1876, the state legislature defined and named the county, but it was not organized until 1890, with the town of La Plata as the original county seat; the county was named for Erastus "Deaf" Smith, a deaf scout and soldier who served in the Texas Revolution and was the first to reach the Alamo after its fall. The pronunciation of "Deaf", like that of Smith himself, is DEEF; this county was selected as an alternate site for a possible nuclear waste disposal repository, but was dropped. Jesse Frank Ford, founder of Arrowhead Mills, led the opposition to the Deaf Smith site on grounds of contamination of the Ogallala Aquifer, the source of much of the water supply for West Texas.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,498 square miles, of which 1,497 square miles is land and 1.5 square miles is covered by water. Interstate 40 U. S. Highway 60 U. S. Highway 385 State Highway 214 Oldham County Randall County Castro County Parmer County Curry County, New Mexico Quay County, New Mexico As of the census of 2000, 18,561 people, 6,180 households, 4,832 families resided in the county; the population density was 12 people per square mile. The 6,914 housing units averaged 5 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 72.28% White, 1.51% Black or African American, 0.80% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 22.92% from other races, 2.11% from two or more races. About 57.40% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 6,180 households, 41.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.00% were married couples living together, 12.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.80% were not families.
Around 19.70% of all households was made up of individuals and 10.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.41. In the county, the population was distributed as 33.30% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 25.50% from 25 to 44, 19.40% from 45 to 64, 12.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.90 males. The median income for a household was $29,601, for a family was $32,391. Males had a median income of $26,090 versus $19,113 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,119. About 19.30% of families and 20.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.30% of those under age 18 and 15.70% of those age 65 or over. The headquarters of the Deaf Smith Electric Cooperative are located in Hereford; the cooperative provides electricity for Deaf Smith County, as well as Castro and Oldham Counties.
Hereford Dawn Glenrio Clint Formby List of museums in the Texas Panhandle Margaret Clark Formby Marshall Formby National Register of Historic Places listings in Deaf Smith County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Deaf Smith County Deaf Smith County government website A History of Deaf Smith County, featuring Pioneer Families, published 1964 by Bessie Smith, hosted by the Portal to Texas History The Land and Its People, 1876-1981: Deaf Smith County Texas, published 1982 by the Deaf Smith County Historical society, hosted by the Portal to Texas History Historic photographs from the Deaf Smith County Library hosted by the Portal to Texas History Deaf Smith County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas Deaf Smith County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties