European Association of Zoos and Aquaria
The European Association of Zoos and Aquaria is an organisation for the European zoo and aquarium community that links over 340 member organizations in 41 countries. It operates the European Endangered Species Programme, the organisation is based in Amsterdam, Netherlands. EAZA membership is open to all zoos and aquaria across Europe that comply with EAZAs standards, the organisation promotes educational activities and advises the European Union, or other representative committees such as the European Parliament and the European Council. Up until 2014, the EAZA receives no European subsidies, in 2004 EAZA founded the organisation Shellshock to protect tortoises and turtles. Its mascot is Oscar the Turtle, a character from the British TV series Creature comforts and it collected over €250,000 in its first year. Official website EAZA European Carnivore Campaign
Givskud Zoo is a zoo and safari park in Givskud,20 kilometres north west of Vejle in Denmark. The park opened in 1969 under the name of Løveparken with lions as the only animals, in 1970 Asian elephants arrived and today the park has more than 700 animals representing more than 70 species. The zoo is one of only ten attractions to be awarded 5 stars by the Danish tourist guide Jyllands Attraktioner and it covers a total of 120 hectares, including 65 hectares currently in use for the zoo and safaripark. It was announced in 2014 that the area will become part of a future zoo, with first phase opening for the zoos 50-year anniversary in 2019. Givskud Zoo has been home to several animals, among them the white rhino Brutalis. As a final solution, he was shipped to the game reserve Ongava in Namibia in 1994. He lived in the reserve for 6 years before he died in a battle with another male rhino. His story was covered in detail by the media, as well as a childrens book. Another famous animal from the park is the silverback Samson, a lowland gorilla.
Samson and the other gorillas live in a 20,000 m2 exhibit, Givskud Zoo is best known for its large enclosures, which the guests can drive through in their own cars. Some of the most well known and popular animals in the zoo are Asian elephants, white rhinos, gorillas, as of March 2012, the large pride included a total of 45 lions. Media related to Givskud Zoo at Wikimedia Commons Official website
A dolphinarium is an aquarium for dolphins. The dolphins are kept in a large pool, though occasionally they may be kept in pens in the open sea. While cetaceans have been held in captivity since the 1860s, the first commercial dolphinarium was opened only in 1938 and their popularity increased rapidly until the 1960s. Since the 1970s, increasing concern for animal welfare led to stricter regulation, despite this trend, dolphinariums are still widespread in Europe and North America. The most common species of dolphin kept in dolphinariums is the bottlenose dolphin, while trade in dolphins is internationally regulated, other aspects of keeping dolphins in captivity, such as the minimum size and characteristics of pools, vary among countries. Though animal welfare is perceived to have improved significantly over the last few decades and it was here that it was discovered that dolphins could be trained to perform tricks. Recognizing the success of Marine Studios, more dolphinariums began keeping dolphins for entertainment, in the 1960s, keeping dolphins in zoos and aquariums for entertainment purposes increased in popularity after the 1963 Flipper movie and subsequent Flipper television series.
In 1966, the first dolphin was exported to Europe, in these early days, dolphinariums could grow quickly due to a lack of legislation and lack of concern for animal welfare. New legislation, most notably the 1972 Marine Mammal Protection Act in the United States, combined with a critical view on animal welfare. A prominent example is the United Kingdom, in the early 1970s there were at least 36 dolphinariums and traveling shows, however. The last dolphinarium in Hungary was closed in 1992, in 2005 both Chile and Costa Rica prohibited keeping cetaceans captive. However, around 60 dolphinariums currently exist across Europe, of which 34 are within the EU, Japan and the United States are home to a relatively large number of dolphinariums. If two of three conditions are met, and the third is not more than 10% below standard, the EAAM considers the pool size to be acceptable. Bottlenose Dolphins are the most common species of dolphin kept in dolphinariums as they are easy to train, have a long lifespan in captivity.
Hundreds if not thousands of Bottlenose Dolphins live in captivity across the world, of all Orcas kept in captivity, the majority are located in the various SeaWorld parks in the United States. There are fewer than ten Amazon River Dolphins, Rissos Dolphins, there are few to almost no Spinner Dolphins in captivity at the time. Two unusual and very rare hybrid dolphins known as Wolphins are kept at the Sea Life Park in Hawaii, two Common/Bottlenose hybrids reside in captivity, one at Discovery Cove and the other SeaWorld San Diego. In the early days, many Bottlenose dolphins were wild-caught off the coast of Florida, in most Western countries, breeding programs have been set up to provide the dolphinariums with new animals
Randers is a city in Randers Municipality, Central Denmark Region on the Jutland peninsula. It is Denmarks sixth-largest city, with a population of 61,163, Randers is the municipalitys main town and the site of its municipal council. The municipality is a part of the East Jutland metropolitan area, by road it is 38.5 kilometres north of Aarhus,43.8 kilometres east of Viborg, and 224 kilometres northwest of Copenhagen. Randers became a market town in medieval times, and many of its 15th-century half-timbered houses remain today, as does St Martins Church. Trade by sea was facilitated through the Gudenå River, entering Randers Fjord, most of the larger historic industries in Randers are gone today. From 1970, the population saw a decline from a peak of 58.500 citizens, the main tourist attraction is Randers Tropical Zoo thanks to its artificial rainforest, the largest in Northern Europe, its 350 varieties of plant and over 175 species of animals. The citys football team, Randers FC, play their homes games at the AutoC Park Randers, and are in Denmarks first league, the Superligaen.
The town is home to Randers rugby union club and Jutland RLFC, a rugby league team, as well as Randers Cimbria. The oldest forms of the name appear on coins minted from the times of King George until those of Svend Grathe. The coins bear the names Ranrosia, Radrusia, ancient written records include the Latin Randrusium, Icelandic Randrosi, and Rondrus, Randrøs. Other early forms provide Randersborg and Randershusen, the name appears to stem from Rand and Aros and probably means town on the hillside by the river mouth. The modern form Randers was first came into use at the end of the 17th century, Randers was formally established around the 12th century, but traces of activity date back to Viking times. Canute IV of Denmark, known as Canute the Saint and Canute the Holy, the peasants of Randers who rose up against him and his plans to attack England and its ruler, William the Conqueror, assembled in this town. Their uprising led to the death of Canute, a chronicle written at Essenbæk Abbey tells of a fire that ravaged the city.
The city was destroyed and rebuilt three times in the 13th century, in 1246, it was burned down by Abel of Denmarks troops during the civil uprising against Eric IV of Denmark. This action led to insurrection against the Germans. Ebbesen died in a battle at Skanderborg Castle in December 1340. A statue to Ebbesen stands in front of Randers Town Hall today, when King Valdemar IV of Denmark tried to assemble a government in 1350 after the mortgaging to the Holsteiners, the town was further reinforced with protection, and was often named as Randershus
Macaws are long-tailed, often colourful New World parrots. Of the many different Psittacidae genera, six are classified as macaws, Anodorhynchus, Primolius, previously, the members of the genus Primolius were placed in Propyrrhura, but the former is correct in accordance with ICZN rules. Macaws are native to Central America and North America, South America, most species are associated with forests, especially rainforests, but others prefer woodland or savannah-like habitats. Proportionately larger beaks, long tails, and relatively bare, light-coloured, sometimes the facial patch is smaller in some species, and limited to a yellow patch around the eyes and a second patch near the base of the beak in the members of the genus Anodorhynchus. A macaws facial feather pattern is as unique as a fingerprint, the largest macaws are the hyacinth and green-winged macaws. While still relatively large, macaws of the genera Cyanopsitta and Primolius are significantly smaller than the members of Anodorhynchus, the smallest member of the family, the red-shouldered macaw, is no larger than some parakeets of the genus Aratinga.
Macaws, like parrots and woodpeckers, are zygodactyl, having their first. There are 19 species of macaws, including extinct and critically endangered species, in addition, there are several hypothetical extinct species that have been proposed based on very little evidence. The Spixs macaw is now extinct in the wild. The glaucous macaw is extinct, with only two reliable records of sightings in the 20th century. The greatest problems threatening the population are the rapid rate of deforestation. International trade of all species is regulated by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora. Some species of macaws—the scarlet macaw as a listed in the CITES Appendix I. Sometimes macaws are hybridized for the pet trade and this would explain why the blue and gold is the most commonly hybridised macaw, and why the hybridising trend took hold among macaws. Common macaw hybrids include the harlequin, miligold macaw and the Catalina, in addition, unusual but apparently healthy intergeneric hybrids between the hyacinth macaw and several of the larger Ara macaws have occasionally been seen in captivity.
Macaws eat a variety of foods including seeds, fruits, palm fruits, flowers, Wild species may forage widely, over 100 km for some of the larger species such as Ara araurana and Ara ambigua, in search of seasonally available foods. Some foods eaten by macaws in certain regions in the wild are said to contain toxic or caustic substances which they are able to digest and it has been suggested that parrots and macaws in the Amazon Basin eat clay from exposed river banks to neutralize these toxins. In the western Amazon hundreds of macaws and other parrots descend to exposed river banks to consume clay on an almost daily basis – except on rainy days, the macaws and other bird and animal species prefer clays with higher levels of sodium
The Callitrichidae are a family of New World monkeys, including marmosets and tamarins. At times, this group of animals has been regarded as a subfamily, called Callitrichinae and this taxon was traditionally thought to be a primitive lineage, from which all the larger-bodied platyrrhines evolved. However, some argue that callitrichids are actually a dwarfed lineage. Ancestral stem-callitrichids likely were normal-sized ceboids that were dwarfed through evolutionary time and they are the smallest of the simian primates. They eat insects and the sap or gum from trees, the marmosets rely quite heavily on tree exudates, with some species considered obligate exudativores. Callitrichids typically live in small, territorial groups of five or six animals. Their social organization is unique among primates and is called a cooperative polyandrous group and this communal breeding system involves groups of multiple males and females, but only one female is reproductively active. Females mate with more than one male and each shares the responsibility of carrying the offspring and they are the only primate group that regularly produces twins, which constitute over 80% of births in species that have been studied.
Unlike other male primates, male callitrichids generally provide as much care as females. Parental duties may include carrying, feeding, comforting, in some cases, such as in the cotton-top tamarin, particularly those that are paternal, will even show a greater involvement in caregiving than females. The typical social structure seems to constitute a group, with several of their previous offspring living in the group
Skandinavisk Dyrepark is a Danish zoo in Djursland, located in Syddjurs Municipality in Denmark. Opened for public in 1994, by the name Hjortenes verden, as suggested by its name, the focus of the park is wildlife native to Scandinavia. The exhibits for bears, brown bears and grey wolves cover 2.6 hectares,2.5 hectares and 1.5 hectares respectively. The zoo got worldwide attention by the birth of the polar bear Siku in 2011, Siku is a male polar bear cub. He has several such as Sné. After his mother failed to produce milk to feed him. In terms of appeal, Siku is by some considered to be a possible successor to the polar bear Knut. Much of the content of this comes from the equivalent Danish-language wikipedia article. Some of the references are cited by that Danish-language article
Copenhagen Zoo is a zoological garden in Copenhagen, Denmark. Founded in 1859, it is one of the oldest zoos in Europe and is a member of EAZA and it comprises 11 hectares and is located in the municipality of Frederiksberg, sandwiched between the parks of Frederiksberg Gardens and Søndermarken. With 1,161,388 visitors in 2008 it is the most visited zoo, the zoo is noted for its new Elephant House designed by the world-famous British architect Sir Norman Foster. The zoo maintains and promotes a number of European breeding programmes, Copenhagen Zoo was founded by the ornithologist Niels Kjærbølling in 1859. He was given the garden of Prinsess Vilhelmines Have by the chief directorate of Copenhagen. The animals that the visitors could contemplate at the opening were eagles, ducks, rabbits, a fox, a seal in a bathtub, one of the most notable animals kept there was a male slow worm that lived there from 1892 to 1946. The Elephant House and 1. 5-hectare Savanna are results of these efforts, the Savanna includes a Hippopotamus House where the hippos can be watched underwater.
The zoo has preserved many of its historical buildings, the oldest building still in use, a stable for yaks, was erected in 1872, and now houses the bactrian camels. A Herbivore House built in 1875 still houses herbivores, namely tapirs, an owl tower from 1885 is today left as a memorial commemorating how zoo animals were once kept. A notable and highly visible feature of the zoo is the observation tower. 43.5 metres high, it views of the surrounding parklands. The tower was built in 1905 and is one of the tallest observation towers built of wood in the world and its base is similar to that of Eiffel Tower. In the part of the zoo called The Nordics, visitors can see such as harbour seals, musk oxen, Eurasian eagle-owls, brown bears. The Arctic Ring, which opened in 2013, has an exhibit for polar bears, in the Asia section, visitors can see red pandas, Malayan tapirs, Oriental small-clawed otters, tigers, Asian elephants, and other animals. The new Elephant House, which opened in June 2008, is designed by Norman Foster in cooperation with the Danish landscape architect Stig L.
Andersson and it houses Asian elephants and contains two glass-domed enclosures. One is for six cows and calves and measures 45 by 23 metres, the other is 30 by 15 metres and is for two bulls, kept in separate pens during the mating season for fear of fights. The building contain a space and a small lecture hall. The enclosures open out through mighty rusted steel doors into am almost 1 hectare big landscaped paddock with a pool 3 metres deep and 60 metres long
The main attractions are frequently large animals from Sub-Saharan Africa such as giraffes, rhinoceros, hippopotamus, zebras and antelope. A safari park is larger than a zoo and smaller than game reserves, for example, African Lion Safari in Hamilton, Canada is 750 acres. For comparison, Lake Nakuru in the Great Rift Valley, Kenya, is 168 square kilometres, and a large game reserve is Tsavo East, in Kenya. Safari parks often have other associated tourist attractions, golf courses, carnival rides, cafes/restaurants, ridable miniature railways, the predecessor of safari parks is Africa U. S. A. The first lion drive-through opened in 1963 in Tama Zoological Park in Tokyo, in double-glazed buses, visitors made a tour through a one-hectare enclosure with twelve African lions. The first drive-through safari park outside of Africa opened in 1966 at Longleat in Wiltshire, longleats Marquess of Bath agreed to Chipperfields proposition to fence off 40 hectares of his vast Wiltshire estate to house 50 lions.
Knowsley, the Earl of Derbys estate outside Liverpool, and the Duke of Bedfords Woburn estate in Bedfordshire both established their own parks with Chiperfields partnership. Another circus family, the Smart Brothers, joined the park business by opening a park at Windsor for visitors from London. The former Windsor Safari Park was in Berkshire, one park along with Jimmy Chipperfield at Lambton Castle in the North East England has closed. Between 1967 and 1974, Lion Country Safari, the first park, in South Florida, is the only Lion Country Safari still in operation. Burgers Zoo at Arnhem, opened a park in 1968 within a traditional zoo. In 1995, Burgers Safari modified this to a safari with a 250-metre board walk. Another safari park in the Netherlands is Safaripark Beekse Bergen, most safari parks were established in a short period of ten years, between 1966 and 1975. 219 p. ISBN 0-333-18044-5 Media related to Safari parks at Wikimedia Commons BangaBandhu Safari Park Sreepur, Bangladesh
The term Danish Realm refers to the relationship between Denmark proper, the Faroe Islands and Greenland—three countries constituting the Kingdom of Denmark. The legal nature of the Kingdom of Denmark is fundamentally one of a sovereign state. The Faroe Islands and Greenland have been part of the Crown of Denmark since 1397 when the Kalmar Union was ratified, legal matters in The Danish Realm are subject to the Danish Constitution. Beginning in 1953, state law issues within The Danish Realm has been governed by The Unity of the Realm, a less formal name for The Unity of the Realm is the Commonwealth of the Realm. In 1978, The Unity of The Realm was for the first time referred to as rigsfællesskabet. The name caught on and since the 1990s, both The Unity of The Realm and The Danish Realm itself has increasingly been referred to as simply rigsfællesskabet in daily parlance. The Danish Constitution stipulates that the foreign and security interests for all parts of the Danish Realm are the responsibility of the Danish government, the Faroes received home rule in 1948 and Greenland did so in 1979.
In 2005, the Faroes received a self-government arrangement, and in 2009 Greenland received self rule, the Danish Realms unique state of internal affairs is acted out in the principle of The Unity of the Realm. This principle is derived from Article 1 of the Danish Constitution which specifies that constitutional law applies equally to all areas of the Danish Realm, the Constitutional Act specifies that sovereignty is to continue to be exclusively with the authorities of the Realm. The language of Denmark is Danish, and the Danish state authorities are based in Denmark, the Kingdom of Denmarks parliament, with its 179 members, is located in the capital, Copenhagen. Two of the members are elected in each of Greenland and the Faroe Islands. The Government ministries are located in Copenhagen, as is the highest court, in principle, the Danish Realm constitutes a unified sovereign state, with equal status between its constituent parts. Devolution differs from federalism in that the powers of the subnational authority ultimately reside in central government.
The Self-Government Arrangements devolves political competence and responsibility from the Danish political authorities to the Faroese, the Faroese and Greenlandic authorities administer the tasks taken over from the state, enact legislation in these specific fields and have the economic responsibility for solving these tasks. The Danish government provides a grant to the Faroese and the Greenlandic authorities to cover the costs of these devolved areas. The 1948 Home Rule Act of the Faroe Islands sets out the terms of Faroese home rule, the Act states. the Faroe Islands shall constitute a self-governing community within the State of Denmark. It establishes the government of the Faroe Islands and the Faroese parliament. The Faroe Islands were previously administered as a Danish county, the Home Rule Act abolished the post of Amtmand and these powers were expanded in a 2005 Act, which named the Faroese home government as an equal partner with the Danish government
Fisheries and Maritime Museum, Esbjerg
The Fisheries and Maritime Museum is a privately owned museum in Esbjerg, Denmark. Opened to the public in 1968, it consists of an aquarium for native species. The idea of creating a Danish fisheries museum with an aquarium came from the journalist Hakon Mielche in 1941, in 1962, a planning committee was formed in Esbjerg which soon led to the collection of artefacts. Building began in 1966, allowing the privately owned institution to be opened to the public in 1968, from the start, the museum contained a fisheries exhibition and a saltwater aquarium. A sealarium was added in 1976, in 1989 a start was made on an outdoor exhibition which was extended. The museum established a unit in 1994, followed in 2000 by the Centre for Maritime and Regional Studies. In 1999, a museum building with almost 2,000 m2 of floor space was inaugurated, housing a new permanent exhibition, a library, storage rooms. Provision was made for exhibitions while the educational facilities were modernized. A new saltwater aquarium was installed in 2002 and a new sealarium in 2013, however, the museum is once again in good stead thanks to the enthusiasm of its staff and the support of Esbjerg Municipality.
The museum addresses the areas of Danish fisheries, offshore activities, maritime environment, maritime mammels, shipping in the west of Jutland and the natural history of the Wadden Sea. Located at No.2 Tarphagevej, some 4 km northwest of the centre of Esbjerg, the museum is open everyday from 10 am to 4 pm with extensions to 5 or 6 pm as daylight permits