Warner Bros. Records
Warner Bros. Records was established on March 19,1958, as the recorded-music division of the American film studio Warner Bros. For most of its existence it was one of a group of labels owned and operated by larger parent corporations. The sequence of companies that controlled Warner Bros. and its allied labels evolved through a series of corporate mergers. Over this period, Warner Bros. Records grew from a minor player in the music industry to become one of the top recording labels in the world. In 2003, these assets were divested by their owner Time Warner. This independent company traded as the Warner Music Group before being bought by Access Industries in 2011, WMG is the smallest of the three major international music conglomerates and the worlds last publicly traded major music company. Cameron Strang serves as CEO of the company, artists currently signed to Warner Bros. At the end of the silent movie period, Warner Bros, pictures decided to expand into publishing and recording so that it could access low-cost music content for its films.
This new group controlled valuable copyrights on standards by George and Ira Gershwin and Jerome Kern, the label signed rising radio and recording stars Bing Crosby, Mills Brothers, and Boswell Sisters. In December 1931, Warner Bros. offloaded Brunswick to the American Record Corporation for a fraction of its former value, in a lease arrangement which did not include Brunswicks pressing plants. Warner Bros. sold Brunswick a second time, this time along with the old Brunswick pressing plants Warner owned, to Decca Records in exchange for a financial interest in Decca. The studio stayed out of the business for more than 25 years. Warner Bros. reëntered the record business in 1958 with the establishment of its own recording division, by this time, the established Hollywood studios were reeling from multiple challenges to their former dominance - the most notable being the introduction of television in the late 1940s. Legal changes had a impact on their business—lawsuits brought by major stars had effectively overthrown the old studio contract system by the late 1940s.
Pictures sold off much of its library in 1948 and, beginning in 1949. Semenenko in particular had a professional interest in the entertainment business. With the record business booming - sales had topped US$500 million by 1958 - Semnenko argued that it was foolish for Warner Bros, another impetus for the labels creation was the brief music career of Warner Bros. actor Tab Hunter. In 1958, the studio signed Hunter as its first artist to its newly formed record division, to establish the label, the company hired former Columbia Records president James B
A Grammy Award, or Grammy, is an honor awarded by The Recording Academy to recognize outstanding achievement in the mainly English-language music industry. The annual presentation ceremony features performances by prominent artists, and the presentation of awards that have a more popular interest. It shares recognition of the industry as that of the other performance awards such as the Emmy Awards, the Tony Awards. The first Grammy Awards ceremony was held on May 4,1959, to honor, following the 2011 ceremony, The Academy overhauled many Grammy Award categories for 2012. The 59th Grammy Awards, honoring the best achievements from October 2015 to September 2016, was held on February 12,2017, the Grammys had their origin in the Hollywood Walk of Fame project in the 1950s. The music executives decided to rectify this by creating a given by their industry similar to the Oscars. This was the beginning of the National Academy of Recording Arts, after it was decided to create such an award, there was still a question of what to call it, one working title was the Eddie, to honor the inventor of the phonograph, Thomas Edison.
They finally settled on using the name of the invention of Emile Berliner, the gramophone, for the awards, the number of awards given grew and fluctuated over the years with categories added and removed, at one time reaching over 100. The second Grammy Awards, held in 1959, was the first ceremony to be televised, the gold-plated trophies, each depicting a gilded gramophone, are made and assembled by hand by Billings Artworks in Ridgway, Colorado. In 1990 the original Grammy design was revamped, changing the traditional soft lead for a stronger alloy less prone to damage, Billings developed a zinc alloy named grammium, which is trademarked. The trophies with the name engraved on them are not available until after the award announcements. By February 2009,7,578 Grammy trophies had been awarded, the General Field are four awards which are not restricted by genre. Album of the Year is awarded to the performer and the team of a full album if other than the performer. Record of the Year is awarded to the performer and the team of a single song if other than the performer.
Song of the Year is awarded to the writer/composer of a single song, Best New Artist is awarded to a promising breakthrough performer who releases, during the Eligibility Year, the first recording that establishes the public identity of that artist. The only two artists to win all four of these awards are Christopher Cross, who won all four in 1980, and Adele, who won the Best New Artist award in 2009 and the other three in 2012 and 2017. Other awards are given for performance and production in specific genres, as well as for other such as artwork. Special awards are given for longer-lasting contributions to the music industry, the many other Grammy trophies are presented in a pre-telecast Premiere Ceremony earlier in the afternoon before the Grammy Awards telecast
The Oak Ridge Boys
The Oak Ridge Boys are an American country and gospel vocal quartet. The group was founded in the 1940s as the Oak Ridge Quartet and they became popular in southern gospel during the 1950s. Their name was changed to the Oak Ridge Boys in the early 1960s, and they remained a gospel group until the mid-1970s. The lineup which produced their most world-famous and most well-known country and crossover hits consists of Duane Allen, Joe Bonsall, William Lee Golden and Allen joined the group in the mid-1960s, and Sterban and Bonsall joined in the early 1970s. Aside from a gap when Golden left the group and was replaced. The core group that would lead to the Oak Ridge Boys was a country group called Wally Fowler. They were requested to perform to staff members and their families restricted during World War II at the nuclear plant in nearby Oak Ridge. They were asked to sing there so often that eventually changed their name to the Oak Ridge Quartet. And because their most popular songs were gospel, Fowler decided to focus solely on southern gospel music, at the time, the quartet was made up of Wally Fowler, Lon Deacon Freeman, Curly Kinsey, and Johnny New.
This group began recording in 1947, Wally Fowler And The Oak Ridge Quartet were members of the Grand Ole Opry in the 1940s. In 1957, Fowler sold the rights to the Oak Ridge Quartet name to group member Smitty Gatlin in exchange for forgiveness of a debt. As a result of personnel changes, the group lost its tenor, so they lowered their arrangements and had Gatlin sing tenor while the pianist, Tommy Fairchild. They recorded an album for Cadence Records, in 1958 they hired Willie Wynn to sing the tenor part, at this point the group consisted of Fairchild at the piano, Gatlin, baritone Ron Page, and bass Herman Harper. They recorded an album on the Checker Records label, one on Starday, in 1961, Gatlin changed the groups name to the Oak Ridge Boys because their producer, Bud Praeger, thought Oak Ridge Quartet sounded too old-fashioned for their contemporary sound. In 1962, Ron Page left, and the group hired Gary McSpadden as baritone with the understanding from Jake Hess that when he was ready to start a group and they recorded another album on Skylite, and two groundbreaking albums on Warner Brothers.
When Hess followed through on that promise, McSpadden quit to join a new group Hess was forming, jim Hammill was chosen to be his replacement. They made one album for Festival Records, one for Stateswood, Hammill did not get along with the rest of the group, and a fan named William Lee Golden felt that Hammill was hurting the group and asked the group if he could be Hammils replacement. After Hammils retirement from the group in 1964, Golden joined as baritone, the group recorded another album for Starday and another on Skylite in 1965
The Dixie Chicks are an American country music band which has crossed over into other genres, including pop and alternative country. The band is composed of founding members Martie Erwin Maguire and Emily Erwin Robison, Dixie Chicks were founded by Laura Lynch on upright bass, guitarist Robin Lynn Macy, and the multi-instrumentalist sisters Martie and Emily Erwin in 1989. The Erwin sisters have married and changed their names to Martie Maguire. The four took their name from the song Dixie Chicken by Lowell George of Little Feat, originally playing predominantly bluegrass. All four women played and sang, though Maguire and Robison provided most of the accompaniment for the band while Lynch. Maguire primarily played fiddle and viola, while Robisons specialties included five-stringed banjo and they paid $5,000 for the 14-track album. The album included two instrumental tunes, in 1987, Maguire had won second place, and in 1989, third place in the National fiddle championships held at the Walnut Valley Festival in Winfield, Kansas.
A Christmas single was released at the end of the year – a 45 RPM vinyl record titled Home on the Radar Range, with Christmas Swing on one side and the song on the flip side named The Flip Side. The record titles were significant, during period of time, the bandmates dressed up as cowgirls. However, even with an appearance at the Grand Ole Opry, with few exceptions, such as Garrison Keillors radio show A Prairie Home Companion, Robin Lynn Macy was not pleased with their change in sound, however. She left in late 1992 to devote herself to a bluegrass sound, remaining active in the Dallas. It was during this period that professional steel guitarist Lloyd Maines introduced them to his daughter and her distinctive voice was a match for Maguires soprano and Robisons alto harmonies. If their show at the Birchmere last week was any indication, new manager Simon Renshaw approached music executive Scott Siman and he signed them to a developmental deal with Sony Music Entertainments Nashville division.
The deal was finalized with Sony over the summer of 1995, the Chicks replaced Lynch with singer Maines. Accounts of the departure have varied, at the time, the sisters stated that Lynch had been considering leaving the band for over a year, weary of touring, and hoping to spend more time with her daughter at home. She offered to stay for the first cuts on the new album for Sony, in a interview, Lynch said, It cant really be characterized as a resignation. There are three Dixie Chicks, and Im only one, by her own account Lynch has noted that she had no regrets about leaving. With the addition of Natalie Maines, the new lineup had a contemporary sound, as well as a new look, leaving their cowgirl dresses with their past
Reba Nell McEntire is an American singer, songwriter and record producer. She began her career in the industry as a high school student singing in the Kiowa High School band, on local radio shows with her siblings. While a sophomore in college, she performed the National Anthem at the National Rodeo in Oklahoma City and caught the attention of country artist Red Steagall who brought her to Nashville and she signed a contract with Mercury Records a year in 1975. She released her first solo album in 1977 and released five studio albums under the label until 1983. The album brought her success, bringing her a series of successful albums. She has sometimes referred to as The Queen of Country. And she is one of the artists of all time. In the early 1990s, McEntire branched into film starting with 1990s Tremors, Reba Nell McEntire was born March 28,1955, in McAlester, Oklahoma, to Jacqueline and Clark Vincent McEntire. She was named for her maternal grandmother Reba Estelle Smith, Reba Smith was the daughter of Byron Williams B. W.
Her father, and her grandfather, John Wesley McEntire, were both champion steer ropers and her father was a World Champion Steer Roper three times, John McEntire was the son of Clark Stephen McEntire and Helen Florida McEntire. Her mother had wanted to be a country-music artist but eventually decided to become a schoolteacher. Reba reportedly taught herself how to play the guitar, Reba played guitar in the group and wrote all the songs. The group sang at rodeos and recorded The Ballad of John McEntire together, released on the indie label Boss, the song pressed one thousand copies. In 1974, McEntire attended Southeastern Oklahoma State University planning to be a school teacher. While not attending school, she continued to sing locally. That same year she was hired to perform the anthem at the National Rodeo in Oklahoma City. Country artist Red Steagall, who was performing that day, was impressed by her vocal ability and agreed to help her launch a country-music career in Nashville. After recording a tape, she signed a recording contract with Mercury Records in 1975
Kenneth Ray Kenny Rogers is an American singer-songwriter, record producer, and entrepreneur. He is a member of the Country Music Hall of Fame, on September 25,2015, Rogers announced on NBCs Today Show that he was retiring from show business after a final tour to spend more time with his wife and twin boys. Two of his albums, The Gambler and Kenny, are featured in the About. com poll of The 200 Most Influential Country Albums Ever and he was voted the Favorite Singer of All-Time in a 1986 joint poll by readers of both USA Today and People. He has received such awards as the AMAs, Grammys, ACMs and CMAs. The first single from the album, I Cant Unlove You, was a chart hit. Remaining a popular entertainer around the world, the year he completed a tour of the United Kingdom and Ireland. He has acted in a variety of movies and television shows, most notably the roles in Kenny Rogers as The Gambler. He is a co-founder of the restaurant chain Kenny Rogers Roasters, kenneth Ray Rogers was born in Houston, Texas, on August 21,1938, the fourth of eight children, born to Lucille Lois, a nurses assistant, and Edward Floyd Rogers, a carpenter.
Rogers is of Irish and Native American ancestry and he has five children from four of his five marriages. At his estate in Colbert, Rogers keeps a pet goat named Smitty, according to Rogers, the goat has been center, providing a calming influence after long and stressful touring schedules. He had a solo hit in 1958 called That Crazy Feeling. After sales slowed down, Rogers joined a group called The Bobby Doyle Three. The group recorded for Columbia Records and they disbanded in 1965, and a 1966 jazzy rock single Rogers recorded for Mercury Records, called Heres That Rainy Day, failed. Rogers worked as a producer and session musician for other performers, including country artists Mickey Gilley, in 1966 he joined The New Christy Minstrels as a singer and double bass player. Feeling that the Minstrels were not offering the success they wanted and fellow members Mike Settle, Terry Williams and they formed The First Edition in 1967. They were joined by Kin Vassy, when the First Edition disbanded in 1976, Rogers launched his solo career.
He soon developed a more middle-of-the-road sound that sold to both pop and country audiences and he has charted more than 60 top 40 hit singles. Fifty of his albums have charted and his music has been featured in top selling movie soundtracks, such as Convoy, Urban Cowboy, and The Big Lebowski
Ernest Clayton Clay Walker, Jr. is an American country music artist. He made his debut in 1993 with the single Whats It to You, both singles were included on his self-titled debut album, released in 1993 via Giant Records. He stayed with the label until its 2001 closure, recording for Warner Bros. Records and RCA Records before joining his current label, Asylum-Curb Records, Clay Walker has released a total of 11 albums, including a greatest hits package and an album of Christmas music. His first four albums all achieved platinum certification in the United States and his greatest hits collection. He has charted 30 country singles, including six Number Ones, Whats It to You, Live Until I Die, Dreaming with My Eyes Open, If I Could Make a Living, This Woman and This Man, and Rumor Has It. His most recent album, She Wont Be Lonely Long, was released in mid-2010, Ernest Clayton Walker Jr. was born on August 19,1969 in Beaumont, Texas to Ernest and Danna Walker. The oldest of five children, Walker lived in Vidor with his father, Walker began entering talent competitions at age fifteen.
After leaving his shift as nighttime desk clerk at a Super 8 Motel, although the morning disc jockey told him that the stations policies prohibited playing self-submitted tapes, he played Walkers song and said that it was too good to pass up. After graduating from Vidor High School in 1986, Walker began working at a Goodyear Tire, at nineteen, he began touring as a musician, playing various local clubs and eventually finding work as the house singer at a bar in Beaumont called the Neon Armadillo. In November 1992, he was discovered by James Stroud, a producer who was the president of Warner Music Group subsidiary Giant Records. Walker signed to Giant late in the year, Walker released his self-titled debut album in 1993 under Strouds production. Its followup Live Until I Die, was released late in the year, after those two singles came the number 11 Where Do I Fit in the Picture, which was originally the B-side of Whats It to You. The album accounted for a third No.1 hit in Dreaming with My Eyes Open, an additional cut from the album, White Palace, charted at number 67 on the country charts without being released as a single.
Clay Walker was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America for shipments of one million copies and it peaked at number 8 on Top Country Albums, number 2 on Top Heatseekers and number 52 on the Billboard 200. Larry Powell of Allmusic gave the album a star rating, saying that Walker had a high-energy voice reminiscent of Conway Twitty. Walker received two nominations in 1994, Star of Tomorrow award from TNN/Music City News and Top New Male Vocalist from the Academy of Country Music. If I Could Make a Living was the title of Walkers second album and it produced two more No.1 singles in the title track and 1995s This Woman and This Man. The latter song spent two weeks at No,1, becoming his first multi-week No.1 hit
Emmylou Harris is an American singer and songwriter. She has released many albums and singles over the course of her career. Her work and recordings include work as a solo artist, a bandleader, an interpreter of other works, a singer-songwriter. Harris is from a military family. Her father, Walter Harris, was a Marine Corps officer and her father was reported missing in action in Korea in 1952 and spent ten months as a prisoner of war. Born in Birmingham, Harris spent her childhood in North Carolina and Woodbridge and she married fellow songwriter Tom Slocum in 1969 and recorded her first album, Gliding Bird. Instead, Hillman recommended her to Parsons, who was looking for a female vocalist to collaborate with on his first solo album, Harris toured as a member of Parsonss band, the Fallen Angels, in 1973, and the pair shone during vocal harmonies and duets. Later that year and Harris worked on a studio album, Parsons died in his motel room near what is now Joshua Tree National Park on September 19,1973, from an accidental overdose of drugs and alcohol.
Parsonss Grievous Angel was released posthumously in 1974, and three tracks from his sessions with Harris were included on another posthumous Parsons album, Sleepless Nights. One more album of recorded material from that period was packaged as Live 1973, Warner Brothers A&R representative Mary Martin introduced Harris to Canadian producer Brian Ahern, who produced her major label debut album, Pieces of the Sky, released in 1975 on Reprise Records. It featured Bluebird Wine, a composition by a young Texas songwriter, Rodney Crowell, two singles were released, Too Far Gone, which initially charted at No. 73, and Harriss first big hit, If I Could Only Win Your Love, a duet with Herb Pedersen, executives of Warner Bros. Records told Harris they would agree to record her if she would get a hot band. Harris did so, enlisting guitarist James Burton and pianist Glen Hardin, Burton was a renowned guitarist, starting in Ricky Nelsons band in the 1950s, and Hardin had been a member of the Crickets. Other Hot Band members were drummer John Ware, pedal steel guitarist Hank DeVito, singer-songwriter Crowell was enlisted as a rhythm guitarist and duet partner.
Harriss first tour schedule originally dovetailed around Presleys, owing to Burton, the Hot Band lived up to its name, with most of the members moving on with fresh talent replacing them as they continued on to solo careers of their own. Elite Hotel, released in December 1975, established that the created by Pieces of the Sky was well-founded. Unusual for country albums at the time, which revolved around a hit single. Elite Hotel was a No.1 country album and did well as a crossover success with the rock audience
Blood, Sweat & Tears
Blood, Sweat & Tears is a contemporary jazz-rock American music group. They are noted for their combination of brass and rock band instrumentation, the group recorded songs by rock/folk songwriters such as Laura Nyro, James Taylor, the Band, the Rolling Stones, as well as Billie Holiday and Erik Satie. They incorporated music from Thelonious Monk and Sergei Prokofiev into their arrangements and they were originally formed in 1967 in New York City. Since their beginnings, the band has gone through numerous iterations with varying personnel and has encompassed a multitude of musical styles. The band is most notable for their fusion of rock, pop music, horn arrangements, Al Kooper, Jim Fielder, Fred Lipsius, Randy Brecker, Jerry Weiss, Dick Halligan, Steve Katz and Bobby Colomby formed the original band. The creation of the group was inspired by the ideas of the Buckinghams and its producer, James William Guercio. Jim Fielder was from Frank Zappas the Mothers of Invention and had played briefly with Buffalo Springfield, Colomby and Fielder did a few shows as a quartet at the Cafe Au Go Go in New York City in September 1967, opening for Moby Grape.
Fred Lipsius joined the two months later. A few more shows were played as a quintet, including one at the Fillmore East in New York, Lipsius recruited the other three, Dick Halligan, Randy Brecker and Jerry Weiss, who were New York jazz horn players Lipsius knew. The final lineup debuted at the Cafe Au Go Go on November 17–19,1967, the band was a hit with the audience, who liked the innovative fusion of jazz with acid rock and psychedelia. After signing to Columbia Records, the group released Child Is Father to the Man, the album cover was considered quite innovative showing the band members sitting and standing with child-sized versions of themselves. The album slowly picked up in sales despite growing artistic differences among the members which resulted in several personnel changes for the second album. Colomby and Katz wanted to move Kooper exclusively to keyboard and composing duties, while hiring a stronger vocalist for the group and he became a record producer for the Columbia label, but not before arranging some songs that would be on the next BS&T album.
The groups trumpeters, Randy Brecker and Jerry Weiss and were replaced by Lew Soloff, Brecker joined Horace Silvers band with his brother Michael, and together they eventually formed their own horn-dominated musical outfits and The Brecker Brothers. Jerry Weiss went on to start the similarly-styled group Ambergris, after Kooper left the group and Katz began to look for a new vocalist, considering Alex Chilton, Stephen Stills and Laura Nyro. Ultimately, they decided upon David Clayton-Thomas, a Canadian singer, born in Surrey, folk singer Judy Collins had seen Clayton-Thomas perform at a New York City club and was so taken and moved by his performance that she told Colomby and Katz about him. With her prodding, they came to see Clayton-Thomas perform and were so impressed that he was offered the role of singer in a re-constituted Blood Sweat & Tears. Trombonist Halligan took up the chores and Jerry Hyman joined to take over trombone
RCA Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America, Inc. It is one of SMEs three flagship labels, alongside Columbia Records and Epic Records. The label has released multiple genres of music, including pop, hip hop, R&B, jazz, the companys name is derived from the initials of the labels former parent company, the Radio Corporation of America. It is the second oldest recording company in US history, after sister label Columbia Records, RCAs Canadian unit is Sonys oldest label in Canada. It was one of only two Canadian record companies to survive the Great Depression, Enrique Iglesias, Foo Fighters, Kings of Leon, Miley Cyrus, Giorgio Moroder, Jennifer Hudson, DAngelo, Tinashe, G-Eazy, Pitbull and Wizkid. In 1929, the Radio Corporation of America purchased the Victor Talking Machine Company, the worlds largest manufacturer of phonographs and phonograph records. The company became RCA Victor but retained use of the Victor Records name on their labels until the beginning of 1946 when the labels were finally switched over to RCA Victor.
With Victor, RCA acquired New World rights to the famous Nipper His Masters Voice trademark, in Shanghai, China, in 1931, RCA Victors British affiliate the Gramophone Company merged with the Columbia Graphophone Company to form EMI. This gave RCA head David Sarnoff a seat on the EMI board, in September 1931, RCA Victor introduced the first 33⅓ rpm records sold to the public, calling them Program Transcriptions. In the depths of the Great Depression, the format was a commercial failure, during the early part of the depression, RCA made a number of attempts to produce a successful cheap label to compete with the dime store labels. The first was the short-lived Timely Tunes label in 1931 sold at Montgomery Ward, in 1932, Bluebird Records was created as a sub-label of RCA Victor. It was originally an 8-inch record with a blue label. In 1933, RCA reintroduced Bluebird and Electradisk as a standard 10-inch label, another cheap label, was produced. The same musical couplings were issued on all three labels and Bluebird Records still survives eight decades after Electradisk and Sunrise were discontinued, RCA produced records for Montgomery Ward label during the 1930s.
Besides manufacturing records for themselves, RCA Victor operated RCA Custom which was the leading record manufacturer for independent record labels, RCA Custom pressed record compilations for The Readers Digest Association. RCA sold its interest in EMI in 1935, but EMI continued to distribute RCA recordings in the UK, RCA manufactured and distributed HMV classical recordings on the RCA and HMV labels in North America. During World War II, ties between RCA and its Japanese affiliate JVC were severed, the Japanese record company is today called Victor Entertainment and is still a JVC subsidiary. From 1942 to 1944, RCA Victor was seriously impacted by the American Federation of Musicians recording ban, virtually all union musicians could not make recordings during that period
Delaine Alvin Delaney Bramlett was an American singer, songwriter and producer. Bramlett was born in Pontotoc, Mississippi, by 1965, Bramlett was a regular member of the Shindogs, the house band of the television show Shindig. During this time, he worked with J. J, cale and Leon Russell and released some unsuccessful solo singles. One of these, Guess I Must Be Dreamin, entered the Cashbox Looking Ahead survey on May 14,1967. In the late 1960s, British guitarist Eric Clapton joined Delaney & Bonnie & Friends on tour, after which Bramlett produced and co-wrote songs for Claptons debut solo album, Clapton has credited Bramlett for pushing him to sing and teaching him the art of rock vocals. Bramlett produced King Curtiss last album, which produced two hit singles and Lonesome Long Way from Home. Bramlett taught George Harrison, who was with the Beatles, to slide guitar. In 2006, Bramlett was one of the artists on the Jerry Lee Lewis album Last Man Standing and playing guitar on Lost Highway. In 2008, the year of his death, Bramlett released his first CD in six years, the Bramletts Never Ending Song of Love has been covered by others and was used on the soundtrack of the films RV and A Good Year.
Bramlett co-wrote Claptons hit song Let It Rain, Bramlett was inducted into the Mississippi Musicians Hall of Fame on January 18,2011. Described in an obituary as a Southern legend, Bramlett died from complications of gall bladder surgery on December 27,2008, in Los Angeles, California. 5 - Vocals, producer 1997, Hank Thompson, Real Thing - Background vocals, National dobro 1998, Ian Whitcomb, You Turn Me On, The Very Best of Ian Whitcomb - Bass guitar 1998, T