Parnell railway station
Parnell railway station is a station serving the inner-city suburb of Parnell in Auckland, New Zealand. It is situated on the Newmarket Line 600m north of Parnell Tunnel, is located in the Waipapa Valley adjacent to Auckland Domain, it serves Southern Western Line trains. Onehunga Line trains pass through the station without stopping; the station opened on 12 March 2017 with basic facilities and serving a limited number of lines. Future development will involve building a pedestrian bridge across the tracks to provide step-free access to the platforms, constructing several new paths to provide more direct access to Auckland Domain, Parnell Town Centre and the University of Auckland, it was intended that the station would serve all three lines which pass through it. This was contingent on the removal of the Sarawia Street level crossing in Newmarket, removing the signalling constraints which affected the line. A bridge built to replace the level crossing, linking Laxon Terrace with nearby Cowie Street, allowed the removal of the crossing.
After a plan to lease part of the area as a bus depot was cancelled, KiwiRail and Auckland Council were asked in 2010 by the outgoing Auckland Regional Council to make an early start on construction of the proposed station, to cost $13 million or more, to ensure that there would not need to be costly extra work after the electrification of the line as part of the Auckland railway electrification. It was proposed that several million dollars saved during the upgrade of the Newmarket station be allocated to this new station. An early proposal was to integrate the new station with some of the historic railway workshop sheds of the adjacent Mainline Steam depot but nothing eventuated; the Mainline Steam Heritage Trust had its lease on the depot terminated by KiwiRail and completed its move from the site in June 2015. The sheds were demolished in September 2015; the heritage station building from the Newmarket station is a feature of the station. Relocation of the building was planned for December 2016 and external refurbishment works were expected to be finished by April 2017.
In late 2015, Auckland Transport advised that opening the Parnell station to passenger services was being postponed until the completion of a road bridge at Cowie Street, replacing the nearby level crossing on Sarawia Street. AT received approval from independent planning commissioners in June 2016; the following November, the commissioners' recommendation for the bridge was appealed. If AT had been unable to address the concerns expressed in the appeal, an Environment Court hearing would have decided whether the appeal would be upheld. Trains began operating at the station on 12 March 2017, with an official opening by Mayor of Auckland, Phil Goff, Waitematā Local Board chair Pippa Coom on 13 March 2017. In July–August 2018, the Cowie Street bridge to Laxon Terrace was completed and opened and the Sarawia Street level crossing was closed to road traffic; as a result, a new timetable introduced on 26 August 2018 allowed Parnell to become a stop on all Southern Line and Western Line services. The station is located next to the Auckland Domain, where the Auckland War Memorial Museum is situated.
The two side platforms are linked by a subway. Future work will provide walking links to the Domain and the campuses of the University of Auckland and Auckland University of Technology. In mid-November 2018, a walkway was established connecting the Parnell Station to the University of Auckland's Carlaw Park Student Village and the Carlaw business centre, near the University of Auckland's City Campus on Symond Street. List of Auckland railway stations
Auckland Regional Transport Authority
The Auckland Regional Transport Authority was the central co-ordinating agency for transport in the Auckland Region of New Zealand from 2004 to 2010. In this role, ARTA provided public transport services, assigned funding and subsidies, organised and advised on many aspects of regionwide transport. ARTA was under the control of the Auckland Regional Council and was replaced by Auckland Transport on 1 November 2010. ARTA's roles included: Integrating transport planning in the Auckland Region, with a goal of an efficient and sustainable network providing modal choice Prioritising transport projects in Auckland and making recommendations on funding Operating the passenger rail network in Auckland in cooperation with KiwiRail, improving stations and maintenance facilities Designing and operating bus and ferry services Marketing passenger transport services under the MAXX brand Assisting Auckland schools and workplaces in fostering sustainable transport, such as by developing travel plansAbout half of the ARC's rates went to fund public transport via ARTA.
ARTA was established through the Local Government Amendment Act 2004 to take on the transport functions of the ARC along with new roles in transport planning and the prioritisation of transport funding. The establishment of ARTA was one of a set of changes announced on 12 December 2003 in the Investing for Growth transport package; the package announced significant new funding measures including a $900m Crown contribution to Auckland transport over 10 years. Governance and funding of transport in Auckland was complex; the Royal Commission on Auckland Governance, set up in 2007, described arrangements for transport in Auckland as: A number of entities are involved in transport infrastructure in Auckland. Central government agencies involved in planning and funding road and rail infrastructure include the Ministry of Transport, Land Transport New Zealand, Transit New Zealand, ONTRACK. Land Transport New Zealand and Transit will be replaced by the New Zealand Transport Agency from 1 July 2008. Regional entities involved in transport planning and public transport include the ARC, the Regional Land Transport Committee, the Auckland Regional Transport Authority.
In addition local councils own and manage local roads. On 1 November 2010 ARTA was superseded by Auckland Transport, a council-controlled organisation established to focus on delivering transport projects and services for the newly formed Auckland Council. Auckland Transport is responsible for local authority transport delivery functions inherited from the eight Auckland local authorities and ARTA including local roads and public transport; the Auckland Regional Land Transport Strategy, prepared by the Auckland Regional Council, set out a vision for Auckland’s transport system, a 10-year framework for working towards this vision. ARTA was required to give effect to the ARLTS, both through its own actions and by setting priorities for the funding of land transport activities in the Region. ARTA achieved this by preparing the Auckland Transport Plan, detailed implementation plans; each year, ARTA prepared a Land Transport Programme setting out its recommendations for the funding of transport projects in the Auckland region.
KiwiRail undertook Project DART in association with ARTA to upgrade Auckland's rail network and train station platforms and buildings. The budget for the project was $600 million, included: Double-tracking the Western line as far as Swanson Redeveloping Newmarket station and the associated junction Improving signalling on all routes to allow more frequent services Building the Manukau Branch linking Manukau City Centre to the rail network Reopening the Onehunga Branch line ARTA aimed to grow public transport patronage in Auckland by: Designing a simpler public transport network, linking people to the places they want to go, at times they want to travel Delivering fast, reliable services that fit conveniently into people’s busy lives Implementing world class stops and route brandingThe Northern Busway in North Shore City is an example of a flagship project. Public transport in Auckland Transport in Auckland List of Auckland railway stations Transdev Auckland
Glen Eden railway station
Glen Eden railway station is located on the Western Line of the Auckland Railway Network, New Zealand. The station house is a local historical landmark, restored in 2001. A cafe is located in the old station building; when first opened, one of the station's functions was to service the nearby Waikumete Cemetery. Special trains ran from Auckland on Sundays carrying the deceased and their entourage, a dedicated platform was constructed to serve these trains. Bus routes 152, 154, 172 and 172X pass by the station on the adjacent West Coast Road. List of Auckland railway stations Public transport in Auckland
Grafton railway station, Auckland
Grafton Railway Station is a station serving the inner-city suburb of Grafton in Auckland, New Zealand. It is located on the Western Line of Auckland's passenger rail network and consists of an island platform located in a trench near the intersection of Khyber Pass Road and Park Road; the station opened on 11 April 2010. The station serves as a direct interchange with a large number of bus routes, including the InnerLink and buses travelling along the Central Connector, is located in close proximity to Auckland Hospital, Auckland Domain and the University of Auckland's Grafton and Newmarket campuses; the station has four entrances, as its platform extends under both Khyber Pass Road and Park Road, with stairs connecting the station to both sides of each road. Both of the Park Road stairs connect directly to bus stops. There is a lift on the western side of Park Road; the entrance on the southern side of Khyber Pass Road is adjacent to St Peter's College and students have direct access to the platform without having to cross any roads.
Up to a third of the school's students use Grafton station in the mornings and afternoons on school days. Transdev Auckland, on behalf of Auckland Transport, operates Western Line services to Britomart and Swanson; the off-peak weekday frequencies are: 3 trains per hour to Britomart 3 tph to SwansonBus routes 30, 70, 75, 295, 309, 321 and the Inner Link serve Grafton station. When the City Rail Link opens in 2023, rail services at Grafton Station will change significantly; the Western Line will no longer serve the station, as it will be rerouted through the new tunnels between Mount Eden and Britomart. Instead, the Southern Line will be rerouted through Grafton on its way between Newmarket and the City Centre, a new Crosstown Line will serve the station as part of its route between Henderson and Otahuhu. Grafton Station replaced Boston Road station, is located 300m north-east of the site of the former station; the station was re-sited at a cost of $3 million to make it closer to major destinations such as the hospital and to allow more direct interchange to bus routes than the previous site.
The line through the station was electrified in 2014, AM class EMUs replaced diesel powered trains on the Western Line in 2015. List of Auckland railway stations Public transport in Auckland
Public transport in Auckland
Public transport in Auckland, the largest metropolitan area of New Zealand, consists of three modes: bus and ferry. Services are coordinated by Auckland Transport under the AT Metro brand. Britomart Transport Centre is the main transport hub; until the 1950s Auckland had high levels of ridership. However, the dismantling of an extensive tram system in the 1950s, the decision by William Goosman to not electrify Auckland's rail network, a focus of transport investment into a motorway system led to the collapse in both mode share and total trips. By the 1990s Auckland had experienced one of the sharpest declines in public transport ridership in the world, with only 33 trips per capita per year. Since 2000, a greater focus has been placed on improving Auckland's public transport system through a series of projects and service improvements. Major improvements include the Britomart Transport Centre, the Northern Busway, the upgrade and electrification of the rail network and the introduction of integrated ticketing through the AT Hop Card.
These efforts have led to sustained growth in ridership on the rail network. Between June 2005 and November 2017 total ridership increased from 51.3 million boardings per annum to 90.9 million. Despite those strong gains, the overall share of travel in Auckland by public transport is still quite low. At the 2013 census around 8% of journeys to work were by public transport and per capita ridership in 2017 of around 55 boardings is still well below that of Wellington, Melbourne and most large Canadian cities. Auckland's rapid population growth means that improving the city's public transport system is a priority for Auckland Council and the New Zealand Government. Major improvements planned or underway include the City Rail Link, extending the Northern Busway to Albany, construction of the Eastern Busway between Panmure and Botany, the proposed Auckland Airport Line, a light rail line between the city centre and Auckland Airport. Horse-drawn trams operated in Auckland from 1884 while the Auckland Electric Tram Company's system was opened on 17 November 1902.
The Electric Tram Company started as a private company before being acquired by Auckland City Council. The tram network shaped much of Auckland's growth throughout the early 20th century. Auckland's public transport system was well utilised, with usage peaking at over 120 million boardings during the Second World War though Auckland's population was under 500,000 at the time. Auckland's extensive tram network was removed in the 1950s, with the last line closing in late 1956. Although a series of ambitious rail schemes were proposed between the 1940s and 1970s, the focus of transport improvements in Auckland shifted to developing an extensive motorway system. Passionate advocacy from long-time Mayor of Auckland City Council Dove-Myer Robinson for a "rapid rail" scheme was unsuccessful. Removal of the tram system, little investment in Auckland's rail network and growing car ownership in the second half of the 20th century led to a collapse in ridership across all modes of public transport. From a 1954 average level of 290 public transport trips per person per year, patronage decreased rapidly.
1950s ridership levels were only reached again in the 2010s, despite Auckland's population growing four-fold over the same time period. These decisions shaped Auckland's growth patterns in the late 20th century, with the city becoming a low-density dispersed urban area with a population dependent on private vehicles for their travel needs. By the late 1990s ongoing population growth and high levels of car use were leading to the recognition that traffic congestion was one of Auckland's biggest problems, it has been claimed that the city's public transport decline resulted from, "privatisation, a poor regulatory environment and a funding system that favours roads". On the other hand, NZ Bus claim that increasing passengers and cost control began with privatisation in 1991; as concerns over urban sprawl and traffic congestion grew in the 1990s and early 2000s, public transport returned to the spotlight, with growing agreement of the "need for a substantial shift to public transport". Growing recognition that Auckland could no longer "build its way out of congestion" through more roads alone led to the first major improvements to Auckland's public transport system in half a century: The Britomart Transport Centre was opened in 2003, the first major upgrade of Auckland's rail network since World War II.
This project allowed trains to reach into the heart of Auckland's city centre and acted as a catalyst for the regeneration of this part of downtown Auckland. The Northern Busway was opened in 2008, providing Auckland's North Shore with rapid transit that enabled bus riders to avoid congestion on the Northern Motorway and Auckland Harbour Bridge. A core upgrade of Auckland's rail network between 2006 and 2011, known as Project DART, which included double-tracking of the Western Line, the reopening of the Onehunga Branch line to Onehunga, a rail spur to Manukau City and a series of station upgrades. Electrification of the Auckland rail network and the purchase of new electric trains from Spanish manufacturer CAF. Electric train services commenced in 2014. Implementation of an integrated ticketing and fares system, through the AT HOP card, enabling consistent fares and easy transfers between different bus and ferry operators. Despite these improvements, the lack of investment in Auckland's public transport system throughout the latter part of the 20th century means the city still has much lower levels of ridership than other major cities in Canada and Australia.
Transdev Auckland Veolia Transport Auckland, Ltd. and before that Connex Auckland, Ltd. is a Transdev Australasia company. It runs Auckland's urban passenger trains under contract from Auckland Transport on infrastructure owned and managed by KiwiRail. Auckland Transport receives funding to subsidise these services from the NZ Transport Agency, which receives funding from road user taxes and Crown appropriations, from the Auckland Council through rates. Since July 2016 Wellington's commuter rail services are operated by Transdev, as Transdev Wellington; the previous operator of the train network in Auckland was Tranz Metro. When the Auckland Regional Council called for tenders for the new contract, Tranz Metro did not tender and Connex won the tender. Since 2004 patronage has increased by 30% annually and on-time performance has increased from 50% to 85%. On 8 December 2017 Transdev Auckland were unable to run any train services in Auckland for 24 hours due to industrial strike action by members of the RMTU who were protesting the decision of Transdev Auckland's proposed introduction of DDO.
Transdev operates services on the following lines from Britomart: Eastern Line services run along the North Island Main Trunk via Glen Innes to Puhinui diverge onto the Manukau Branch to the Manukau terminus. Southern Line services run out of the Britomart tunnel on the NIMT the Newmarket Line to Newmarket the North Auckland Line to Westfield Junction, the NIMT to Papakura, with a diesel train shuttle service between Papakura and Pukekohe. Western Line services run out of the Britomart tunnel on the NIMT the Newmarket Line to Newmarket the North Auckland Line via Henderson to Swanson. Onehunga Line services run out of the Britomart tunnel on the NIMT the Newmarket Line to Newmarket the North Auckland Line to Penrose where they diverge onto the Onehunga Branch to the terminus at Onehunga. Transdev operates the following rolling stock: 57 AM three-car EMUs running on all lines since full electrification in July 2015 10 ADL/ADC two-car DMUs owned by Auckland TransportThe AM class wear the Auckland Transport livery, the ADL class wear the MAXX livery.
Transdev operated the following rolling stock until full electrification in July 2015: 20 DC locomotives owned by KiwiRail, operating in push-pull mode with 20 sets of three or four SA cars and an SD driving car with driving cab and remote controls, owned by Auckland Transport. The carriages are stored at Taumarunui and the locomotives have returned to KiwiRail. 4 DFT/DFB locomotives owned by KiwiRail, operating in push-pull mode with six-car sets, now back with KiwiRail 9 ADK/ADB two-car DMUs, in storageAll diesel rolling stock and locomotive-hauled carriage stock is in MAXX Blue livery, except four locomotives which were in KiwiRail livery. Transdev Wellington List of Auckland railway stations List of rapid transit systems Public transport in Auckland Rail transport in New Zealand Official website
New Lynn railway station
New Lynn railway station is on the Western Line of the Auckland railway network, New Zealand, is part of an integrated transport centre where transfers can be made to and from bus services. A redeveloped station in a new rail trench was opened on 25 September 2010. LynnMall, a major shopping mall, is close by. 1983, March: The Auckland Regional Authority decides to relocate New Lynn station east, to the other side of the Rankin Avenue-Totara Avenue-Clark Street road intersection and adjacent to the bus station, despite the uncertain future of Auckland suburban services. 1987, August: The old station building is demolished after vandals damaged it. 2006, December: Double-tracking between New Lynn and Avondale is approved by the central government. Trenching the tracks means that they will no longer pass directly through the Rankin Avenue-Totara Avenue-Clark Street road intersection, removing a source of traffic congestion and the potential for collisions. 2008, March: The station platform is demolished and a temporary platform constructed to make way for the rail trench earthworks.
2010, 1 March: Trains begin running in the trench on a single track. 2010, 29 April: The first steam train runs in Ja 1275 on the Northlander to Whangarei. 2010, 8 June: Trains begin running through the trench on two tracks, completing the Western Line Double Tracking Project. 2010, 24 September: The station is opened by the Governor-General Sir Anand Satyanand. 2012, April-June: The station shelters are transformed and a glass encased stairwell shelter is put into place due to high patronage use. In the late 2000s, local and regional government, as part of the revitalising of the regional rail commuter network, decided to build a new "feature station" at New Lynn, which included sinking the tracks and station into a trench. Road was grade-separated from rail to enable vehicle traffic to pass over the line. Before the trenching works, the level crossings in the town centre were blocked by passing trains, leading to substantial road congestion, which would have only increased with more train services.
The new rail trench and associated sunken station were to be constructed with up to 16m deep diaphragm walls using specially imported cranes and specialists. This was required due to the unstable, water-logged soils and the need to avoid settlement damage to close-by buildings; the procedure to construct the 1 km of trench involved multiple temporary shifts of the railway line and of various associated roads, was called the most difficult part of the DART railway development programme in Auckland. Wet ground conditions had forced a redesign of the trench methods, delayed the project start by six months. Bus routes 14T, 14W, 18, 22N, 24B, 24R, 68, 107, 138, 151x, 152, 154, 161, 162, 170, 171, 171x, 172, 172x, 186, 195 and 670 travel via the bus-train interchange at New Lynn, directly adjacent to the station. List of Auckland railway stations Public transport in Auckland Trench wall panels designed by Auckland artist Louise Purvis and are made from GRC. Research by Purvis and Waitakere City Council Art project Manager Mark Osborne