Rapido was the brand name for the Canadian National Railway's express passenger train service in the Quebec City–Windsor Corridor. Rapido service was introduced on October 31, 1965 and lasted until the end of CN passenger train service with its transfer to VIA on October 29, 1978. Rapido service began on the Montreal-Toronto route. In 1966, service was extended to the Montreal-Quebec City route and to other city pairs, including Toronto-Windsor, Toronto-Sarnia, Toronto-Ottawa and Montreal-Ottawa. In addition to being branded as Rapido, each express train was given a name related to the route's particular geographical or historical context; some names included Frontenac and Ville-Marie. A "bistro" car was included in Rapido service trains. Piano-based entertainment and alcoholic beverages were offered in these specially outfitted cars which were lit with red bulbs to create a party atmosphere on the trip between Toronto and Montreal; the Rapido brand name continued to be used for advertising material and timetables by VIA Rail Canada into the 1980s.
The brand name survived until VIA was able to complete the reorganization and integration of CN and CP passenger train schedules. By the end of the 1980s, VIA Rail Canada began to refer to the Corridor for branding all passenger trains operating from Quebec City - Windsor, regardless of speed or class of service. Most dedicated train names were removed and trains began to be identified by number only. In the mid-2000s, the "Rapido" name was adopted by Canada-based model railroad manufacturing company Rapido Trains Inc. Colin Churcher's Railway Pages, Significant dates in Canadian railway history. Retrieved October 31, 2005. Via Rail Canada, Corridor Timetable, October 30, 1983
Rapido (TV series)
Rapido is a BBC2 television show which ran from 1988 to 1992, was presented by Antoine de Caunes. It ran in over 14 countries worldwide; the show which would go out in an early evening slot, such as 7.30pm on a Wednesday night, featured reports from up and coming new bands linked together with footage of Antoine standing in front of a large Rapido sign on a white background. The show developed from shows De Caunes presented in France, gave the name to the production company Rapido TV which created the late night Channel 4 television show Eurotrash. Rapido was notable for De Caunes' idiosyncratic delivery, his English is fluent, but he spoke it with French intonations and speech rhythms on the programme. Rapido on IMDb Rapido at Screen Online Rapido Television
Bangalore known as Bengaluru, is the capital city of the Indian state of Karnataka. It has a population of over ten million, making it a megacity and the third most populous city and fifth most populous urban agglomeration in India, it is located in southern India on the Deccan Plateau at an elevation of over 900 m above sea level, the highest among India's major cities. It reflects its multireligious and cosmopolitan character by its more than 1000 temples, 400 mosques, 100 churches, 40 Jain derasars, three Sikh gurdwaras, two Buddhist viharas and one Parsi fire temple located in an area of 741 km² of the metropolis; the religious places are further represented to include the few members of the Jewish community who are making their presence known through the Chabad that they propose to establish in Bengaluru and the large number of Bahá'ís whose presence is registered with a society called the Bahá'í Centre. In 1537 CE, Kempé Gowdā – a feudal ruler under the Vijayanagara Empire – established a mud fort considered to be the foundation of modern Bengaluru and its oldest areas Or Petes which exist to the present day.
After the fall of Vijayanagar empire in 16th Century, the Mughals sold Bangalore to Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar, the ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore for three lakh rupees. When Haider Ali seized control of the Kingdom of Mysore, the administration of Bangalore passed into his hands, it was captured by the British East India Company after victory in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War, who returned administrative control of the city to the Maharaja of Mysore. The old city developed in the dominions of the Maharaja of Mysore and was made capital of the Princely State of Mysore, which existed as a nominally sovereign entity of the British Raj. In 1809, the British shifted their cantonment to Bangalore, outside the old city, a town grew up around it, governed as part of British India. Following India's independence in 1947, Bangalore became the capital of Mysore State, remained capital when the new Indian state of Karnataka was formed in 1956; the two urban settlements of Bangalore – city and cantonment – which had developed as independent entities merged into a single urban centre in 1949.
The existing Kannada name, Bengalūru, was declared the official name of the city in 2006. Bengaluru is sometimes referred to as the "Silicon Valley of India" because of its role as the nation's leading information technology exporter. Indian technological organisations ISRO, Wipro and HAL are headquartered in the city. A demographically diverse city, Bangalore is the second fastest-growing major metropolis in India. Bengaluru has one of the most educated workforces in the world, it is home to many educational and research institutions in India, such as Indian Institute of Science, Indian Institute of Management, International Institute of Information Technology, National Institute of Fashion Technology, National Institute of Design, National Law School of India University and National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences. Numerous state-owned aerospace and defence organisations, such as Bharat Electronics, Hindustan Aeronautics and National Aerospace Laboratories are located in the city.
The city houses the Kannada film industry. The name "Bangalore" represents an anglicised version of the Kannada language name and its original name, "Bengalūru" ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು, it is the name of a village near Kodigehalli in Bangalore city today and was used by Kempegowda to christen the city as Bangalore at the time of its foundation. The earliest reference to the name "Bengalūru" was found in a ninth-century Western Ganga Dynasty stone inscription on a "vīra gallu". In this inscription found in Begur, "Bengalūrū" is referred to as a place in which a battle was fought in 890 CE, it states that the place was part of the Ganga Kingdom until 1004 and was known as "Bengaval-uru", the "City of Guards" in Halegannada. An apocryphal story recounts that the 12th century Hoysala king Veera Ballala II, while on a hunting expedition, lost his way in the forest. Tired and hungry, he came across a poor old woman; the grateful king named the place "benda-kaal-uru", which evolved into "Bengalūru". Suryanath Kamath has put forward an explanation of a possible floral origin of the name, being derived from benga, the Kannada term for Pterocarpus marsupium, a species of dry and moist deciduous trees, that grew abundantly in the region.
On 11 December 2005, the Government of Karnataka announced that it had accepted a proposal by Jnanpith Award winner U. R. Ananthamurthy to rename Bangalore to Bengalūru. On 27 September 2006, the Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike passed a resolution to implement the proposed name change; the government of Karnataka accepted the proposal, it was decided to implement the name change from 1 November 2006. The Union government approved this request, along with name changes for 11 other Karnataka cities, in October 2014, hence Bangalore was renamed to "Bengaluru" on 1 November 2014. A discovery of Stone Age artefacts during the 2001 census of India at Jalahalli and Jadigenahalli, all of which are located on Bangalore's outskirts today, suggest probable human settlement around 4,000 BCE. Around 1,000 BCE, burial grounds were established at Koramangala and Chikkajala on the outskirts of Bangalore. Coins of the Roman emperors Augustus and Claudius found at Yeswanthpur and H
Founded in 1906 by Karl Arnold in Nürnberg, K. Arnold & Co. began related items. They produced an extensive line of doll house items and other toys. In 1935, K. Arnold & Co. hired Max Ernst as their managing director. Ernst, not to be confused with the German realist artist of the same name, was a significant factor in the future of Arnold. Nürnberg was badly damaged by allied bombers during World War II, and, at the end of the war, all of the Arnold facilities were in ruins. Postwar production continued at a facility in the Upper Palatinate, with the company beginning its slow recovery with the manufacture of window hardware; the postwar operation of the company was under the direction of Max Ernst and Ernst Arnold, son of Karl Arnold. The factory buildings in Nürnberg were rebuilt and the Arnold Company continued to grow. In the postwar period, smaller model train sizes became the order of the day. In earlier times, model trains had been the plaything of the well to do who had enough money to live in houses large enough to support the display of the larger scales of model trains.
The growth toward smaller scales had begun in the early 1900s, with O scale being the first "small" scale. In the 1930s, HO/OO scale became the "small" scale. In the late 1940s and 1950s, TT scale was the "small" scale, allowing for realistic model railroad displays being situated in small areas. Three companies led the TT revolution, H. P. Products of Indiana, United States, Tri-ang of the United Kingdom, Rokal of West Germany, but TT-Scale was not to be the smallest scale in model railroading. Led by Lone Star Toys of Great Britain and Trix of Nürnberg, there was a movement toward an smaller scale. Both companies experimented earlier with "floor toys", unpowered model trains designed to be moved about by child power. Lone Star dropped by the wayside after a period of time, but Trix continued experimentation and development of what would be their electric powered Minitrix product line. Arnold was to come up with a workable solution, also; the introduction of Arnold rapido was from scratch. Arnold was establishing what would become N scale.
This is not to say that it was the sole developer of N. Although Karl Arnold's son, was involved with the company, several sources cite the presence of Max Ernst, as the prime mover behind this new product line. Ernst has been described as a dynamic businessman, the person most responsible for the introduction of the Arnold Rapido product line. Karl Arnold passed on in 1946, leaving his son and Herr Ernst as principals in the Company. Much an Arnold Sales Manager, Ferdinand Graef, would marry Max Ernst's daughter, keeping the Arnold company as a family operation, it would continue to be so until 1995. There are several distinct phases of Arnold's model train production. In the period of 1960 - 1962, Arnold marketed the Arnold Rapido 200 product line; the next phase was from 1963–1967, when the rapido product line begins to swing toward scale representations of the trains. It is during this period that the "Rapido Coupler" comes into production, beginning its widespread use by all model train manufacturers in N-Scale.
It was in 1964. Between 1968 and 1970, rapido line of trains reached maturity, notably with its turntable and roundhouse. Arnold entered into a business relationship with the U. S. company Revell around 1968, beginning the marketing of Revell Rapido model trains. This relationship was marked by the beginning of production of more accurate North American prototype models by Arnold; this relationship continued for several years, ending in early 1970s. Arnold continued their expanded production, with new models until the early 1990s. On Max Ernst's 1976 retirement, Arnold employed 200 to 250 people, using three facilities in the Nürnberg area; the Company continued under family control until 1995, when Arnold went into bankruptcy and was sold to Rivarossi of Italy. Rivarossi, in turn went bankrupt, leading to the sale of all assets to Hornby of the United Kingdom. Production is carried out in China. English language page on Arnold Rapido
Spanish cruiser Rapido
Rapido was an auxiliary cruiser that served in the Spanish Navy during the Spanish–American War in 1898. Before her Spanish Navy service, she served as the commercial passenger ship SS Columbia for the Hamburg America Line from 1889 to 1898, she returned to commercial service as Columbia with Hamburg America from 1899 to 1904, but early in 1904 the Imperial Russian Navy purchased her for service as the auxiliary cruiser Terek during the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–1905. Columbia was built in 1889. With a capacity of 400 first-class, 120 second-class, 580 third-class passengers in commercial use, she was designed so that she could be converted into an auxiliary cruiser for service in the Imperial German Navy in the event of a war, she was launched by floating out of drydock on 27 February 1889 and was delivered to Hamburg America soon thereafter. Assigned to the Hamburg-Southampton-New York City route, she began her maiden voyage from Hamburg on 18 July 1889. On 8 April 1898, the Spanish Navy purchased Columbia from Hamburg America for Spanish–American War service as an auxiliary cruiser.
Armed and renamed Rapido, she was commissioned on 20 April 1898. Rapido became part of the relief expedition for the Philippines commanded by Rear Admiral Manuel de Camara and charged with destroying the United States Navy Asiatic Squadron of Commodore George Dewey there, as well as with delivering 4,000 Spanish Army troops to reinforce the Philippines. Camara's squadron – consisting of the battleship Pelayo, the armored cruiser Emperador Carlos V, the auxiliary cruiser Patriota, the destroyers Audaz and Proserpina, the transports Buenos Aires, Alfonso XII, Antonio Lopez, four colliers as well as Rapido – sortied from Cadiz on 16 June 1898. After detaching Alfonso XII and Antonio Lopez to make independent voyages to the Caribbean and the rest of the squadron passed Gibraltar on 17 June 1898 and arrived at Port Said, Egypt, on 26 June 1898. There Camara requested permission to transship coal, which the Egyptian government denied on 30 June 1898 out of concern for Egyptian neutrality. By the time Rapido and the rest of Camara's squadron arrived at Suez on 5 July 1898, the squadron of Vice Admiral Pascual Cervera y Topete had been annihilated off Cuba in the Battle of Santiago de Cuba, freeing up the U.
S. Navy's heavy forces from the blockade of Santiago de Cuba. Fearful for the security of the Spanish coast, the Spanish Ministry of Marine recalled Camara's squadron on 7 July 1898. Rapido and the rest of the squadron departed Suez on 11 July 1898 for Spain, Camara's squadron was dissolved on 25 July 1898; the war ended in August 1898 without Rapido seeing combat. After the war, the Spanish Navy used Rapido as a troopship to transport Spanish Army soldiers from Cuba to Spain. In late 1898 or in 1899, Hamburg America bought Rapido from the Spanish Navy and returned her to commercial passenger service under her original name, Columbia. Again operating on the Hamburg-Southampton-New York City route, Columbia began her first post-war commercial voyage by departing Hamburg on 31 August 1899. After the Russo-Japanese War broke out in February 1904 with an Imperial Japanese Navy surprise torpedo attack against the Imperial Russian Navy Pacific Squadron at its anchorage at Port Arthur in Manchuria, the Russian Admiralty Board decided to outfit six passenger ships of the Russian Volunteer Fleet for use as auxiliary cruisers.
One of them was Columbia, which the Russians purchased from the Hamburg America Line for Dobroflot shortly after the war began and steamed to Libau, where she underwent conversion into an auxiliary cruiser. She was commissioned into naval service as Terek on 25 August 1904; the Admiralty Board planned for the six auxiliary cruisers to operate from a base in the Sunda Islands in the Netherlands East Indies, from which they would attack shipping bound for Japan so as to cut Japan off from war material shipments from Europe and the United States and buy time for the Russian Pacific Squadron to recover from the surprise attack. These plans changed while Terek was undergoing conversion at Libau, the Admiralty Board deciding instead that a battle squadron from the Baltic Fleet should make the long voyage to East Asian waters to reinforce the Pacific Squadron and that the auxiliary cruisers should accompany the battle squadron. Terek was commissioned just as Vice Admiral Zinovy Rozhestvensky took command of the squadron in August 1904 and the first serious preparations for the East Asian deployment began.
While the squadron prepared at Libau, Terek deployed to the Atlantic Ocean for anti-shipping operations during September 1904. She stopped British merchant ships to inspect them for contraband, including the 2,490-gross register ton steamer Margit Groedel on 6 September, the 1,642-gross register ton collier Treherbert – bound from Newport, Wales, to Algiers in French Algeria – near Gibraltar on 12 September, the steamer Derwen in the waters between Cape St. Vincent and Gibraltar on 14 September, in each case allowing the ship to proceed after searching her and examining her papers. Working her way southward, Terek arrived at Las Palmas in the Canary Islands, where she began coaling on 22 September; the same day, Spanish authorities in Madrid, saying that they were acting in response to a protest by the British ambassador to Spain demanding that Spanish authorities not allow Terek to use any Spanish port as a base for harassing British shipping, prohibited Terek from taking aboard any fresh water or provisions and ordered her to stop coaling and leave Las Palmas but Terek′s commanding officer replied that he could not leave because his ship′s engines required repairs.
The British protected cruisers HMS St George and HMS Brilliant anchored at Las P
Ratz (TV series)
Ratz is a Canadian/French animated television series created by France's Xilam studios, with joint production from Canada. The show stars two rats and Razmo, aboard the S. S. Wanderer, a cheese ship with no actual destination; the focus of the series is on the adventures of the two rats, including guarding the cheese, interacting with other stowaways and various ill-fated encounters with the crew. The rats themselves live in the hull of the ship in a lavish two-bedroom apartment. While being targeted at young children in France, the series has gained a small cult following of older ages in Canada, due to its original late night airing time slot; the French version features the voices of the comedy duo Éric et Ramzy, while the English version features the voices of Terrence Scammell as Rapido and Rick Jones as Razmo. Unlike most animated programs designed for a younger audience, Ratz has no moral resolve at the end of each episode; the show is notable for its positive portrayal of rats, unusual for Western and North American cultures, which give its fictional rats selfish and evil characteristics.
Of interest is the pure blend of traditional animation and 3D animation, the eclectic soundtrack by Hervé Lavandier. Ratz was titled Rapido and featured a chunkier animation style. An integral part of Ratz is the ratboard, a transportation device resembling a mousetrap with a jet engine strapped to the back; the ratboard provides the rats with speedy travel around the ship. Rapido is fond of his ratboard and enjoys challenging Razmo to races winning. Ratboards are used to reach otherwise inaccessible places, provide speedy rescues, move things by tether or to impress guests. Rapido is a jet set-wannabe with a huge ego to maintain. To get over his large self-doubts and low self-esteem, he acts in a condescending manner and boasts having personal connections to various celebrities. Rapido is a hypocrite, scolding Razmo for engaging in an activity secretly pursuing the same on. Rapido only has interest in himself and will not aide Razmo at all, unless the situation adversely affects himself, his interests include ratboard racing, celebrity magazines, house music, feeling important and wooing women.
Razmo is the stouter rat. He is a productive genius and mechanic, having invented the ratboard and being responsible for all mechanical and electrical issues, he is forced to perform all chores as Rapido never lends a hand. This has led Razmo to become depressed scarred and obsessive-compulsive. Razmo is childish, sometimes speaking to a plush toy and wetting the bed, his interests include playing stringed bass, counting the cheese and making friends. In the original Rapido short, Razmo had a Deep South accent. Oddly, Razmo is called "Ratz" on the blurb for the show in Sky programme guides; the crew of the S. S. Wanderer consists of three personnel: Benny Svetlana the engineer and The Captain. Neither of them is considered a villain in the series, though Benny is the one most enraged by the rats; the crew will return to their normal duties after brushing shoulders with Rapido and/or Razmo. Humorously enough, the crew's diet consists of cheese, which Svetlana hates and Benny is allergic to; the Captain is a Scottish veteran of the seas.
He is the only person. Over the years, he has gone from a rather serious captain to a rather goofy one falling into reverie or suggesting absurd courses of action during crises. All of his orders are directed towards the other two crewmembers. Svetlana, the Russian engineer, she is responsible for keeping the S. S. Wanderer afloat and is found in situations requiring her massive size and strength. Despite her role on the ship, Svetlana attempts to act feminine whenever possible, which isn't often, she is talking to or conspiring with Benny. Benny, the Japanese chef. Benny is the only one that will give cheese to the rats. Despite having five years of culinary arts under his belt, Benny is preparing soufflés or sushi for the rest of the crew, he is interrupted by Rapido and Razmo when he brings aboard a live animal to be slaughtered. Ratz has Region 2 DVDs out in France, containing eight episodes per DVD. An album, A fond les bananes!, featuring Éric et Ramzy, has been released in France. The show's theme song "Pas de panique à bord", the record's opening track, was a minor hit in France.
Official site Xilam site Ratz on IMDb
Rapido is a fictional character, a supervillain appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by Dan Abnett, Andy Lanning, Doug Braithwaite, the character made his first appearance in The Punisher Vol. 2, #65. He is an enemy of the Punisher. Rapido was introduced in the "Eurohit" story-arc that ran through The Punisher Vol. 2, #64-70, returned in the "Suicide Run" installments The Punisher War Journal Vol. 1, #61 and The Punisher War Zone Vol. 1, #23, as well as the "Eurohit" sequel contained within The Punisher Annual Vol. 2, #7. After an absence of seventeen years, the character reappeared in the one-shot Fear Itself: The Black Widow, a storyline that occurred in Captain America and Iron Man #633-635. Rapido received entries in the handbooks Marvel Encyclopedia #5 and Civil War: Battle Damage Report. A former member of the French Foreign Legion, Rapido at some point left the service, became a mercenary, had his right arm replaced with a mechanical one that has a chain gun in place of a hand.
When the Kingpin enacts a plot to use the Channel Tunnel as a means of establishing an international crime network, he hires Rapido to assist him, along with fellow assassins Snakebite and Batroc the Leaper. When the Punisher travels to Europe and begins investigating the Chunnel plan and the other mercenaries ambush him and his companion, Morgan Sinclair, shoot their helicopter down over the Vosges. Rapido and the other hitmen go after a group of Swiss and Italian mobsters in Geneva, but their attempt to kill all of them is foiled by the Punisher and Sinclair. Rapido and his allies track the Punisher and Sinclair down to Spain, but the duo escapes them again, so Rapido and the others reconvene in London; when the Kingpin arranges a meeting of the heads of various European crime syndicates in central London and the other killers in his employ are instructed to assassinate them, so that their organizations can be taken over by the Kingpin. After the Punisher breaks into the building that the sit down is taking place in, Rapido battles one of the vigilante's colleagues, Outlaw.
Rapido pursues the vigilante through the edifice, is incapacitated when Outlaw tricks him into falling through a weakened floor and leaves him to be arrested by the Special Air Service. Rapido subsequently travels to the United States to attend a crime lord summit, being held in Manhattan Tower; when the Punisher infiltrates the building and the other criminals attempt to ambush him, only for the Punisher to reveal that he has a dead man's switch that can activate a semtex bomb that will demolish Manhattan Tower. In the chaotic scrimmage that follows, the Punisher headlocks Rapido, jams a handgun into his mouth, orders him to open fire on the other criminals, who are forced to shoot Rapido. Rapido survived the gunfire and the Punisher blowing up Manhattan Tower, dug himself out of the rubble, re-allied with Chauffard. With the help of the Architect, Chauffard attempts to reestablish the Chunnel plan, instructs Rapido to assassinate Morgan Sinclair, Jack Oonuk, Outlaw, who fake their deaths with the assistance of the Punisher.
When the Punisher and his accomplices attack the Chunnel operation, Rapido is left bedridden with numerous broken bones after being hit by a train while fighting the Punisher. Years Rapido is reluctantly hired by the French government to help patrol France's borders, the country having become a hotspot destination for super powered American immigrants in light of the events of Civil War. During the Fear Itself storyline, terrorists hire Rapido to obtain information pertaining to France's nuclear weapons arsenal through an ancillary Ministry of Defense ops room, hidden beneath a Marseille cathedral. Rapido obtains the intel, sends it to his employers, is defeated by Black Widow and Peregrine. Rapido next appears antagonizing Captain America and Iron Man as a member of the latest incarnation of Batroc's Brigade. A Rapido Life Model Decoy is shown among an army of hero and villain-based LMDs that the Chameleon had created using an abandoned S. H. I. E. L. D. Program called Project: Doppelganger. Along with the training he received while apart of the French Foreign Legion, Rapido has a chain gun in place of a right arm.
The gun is capable of firing bullets and lasers, can be used as both a bludgeoning weapon and a battering ram. Rapido at Comicvine Rapido at the Comic Book DB Roussel Dupont at Marvel Wikia Rapido at the Appendix to the Handbook of the Marvel Universe