Rashid Khan Gaplanov

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Rashid Khan Gaplanov
Rəşid Xan Qaplanov
Minister of Finance of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (ADR)[1]
In office
December 22, 1919 – April 1, 1920
President Nasib Yusifbeyli Prime Minister, (Chairman of Azerbaijani Parliament)
Preceded by Ali Agha Hasanov
Succeeded by office terminated
Minister of Education and Religious Affairs of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (ADR)[2]
In office
April 14, 1919 – December 22, 1919
Preceded by Nasib Yusifbeyli
Succeeded by Hamid bey Shahtakhtinski
Personal details
Born 1883 (1883)
Aksay, Khasavyurtovsky District, Dagestan
Died 1937 (1938) (aged 54)
Moscow, Russia

Rashid Khan Zavid oglu Gaplanov (Azerbaijani: Rəşid xan Qaplanov Zavid oğlu, Russian: Рашид хан Завитович Капланов; 1883–1937), also known as Rashid Khan Kaplanov, was an Azerbaijani statesman of Kumyk ethnicity who served as the Minister of Finance and Minister of Education and Religious Affairs in the fifth and fourth cabinets of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic.

Early years[edit]

Gaplanov was born to a royal Kumyk knyaz family in the village of Aksay, currently in Khasavyurtovsky District, Dagestan. He completed his secondary education in a Vladikavkaz Realny School; in 1910, he graduated from the Law Department of Sorbonne University in 1910. He then taught at Istanbul University in Turkey; in 1913, he returned to Vladikavkaz and worked as an attorney in a regional court. In 1918, upon establishment of Cherkes-Dagestan Republic and Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasus, he held several ministerial positions within their governments. After Denikin forces invaded those republics bringing them under Russian rule, Gaplanov moved to Baku, Azerbaijan in early 1919.[1]

Political career[edit]

In Baku, Gaplanov joined Ahrar Party and was elected to the Azerbaijani Parliament. When the fourth cabinet of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was formed on April 14, 1919 under Prime Minister Nasib Yusifbeyli, he was appointed the Minister of Education and Religious Affairs, as the Minister of Education, he played an important role in establishing institutions of higher education in Azerbaijan, among them the largest Baku State University, where he also taught a course on Ottoman literature himself.[1] He reportedly increased funding for the university to AZM 5 million to open a Phylology and Medicine departments;[3] in 1919, Gaplanov arranged funding for 100 Azerbaijani students to study at universities abroad. He also spearheaded establishment of State Commission on General Education Reforms which eventually introduced the Azerbaijani alphabet based on Latin script.[4] Gaplanov remained in the office until December 22 of the same year, when the new fifth government was formed, where he took the position of Minister of Finance,[5][6] he served as Minister of Finance until April 1, 1920.[1]

After Red Army invasion of Azerbaijan on April 28, 1920 Azerbaijan Democratic Republic ceased to exist. Gaplanov was subsequently arrested in June, 1920 along with many Azerbaijani statesmen and sent to Moscow prison, he was later released and taught a course on Turkish History at the Moscow Institute of Oriental Studies. Gaplanov was arrested as a part of the Great Purge on October 8, 1937 and imprisoned at Butyrskaya and then Lefortovo prisons. He was executed on December 10, 1937.[1][4][7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Biographies Bank. Rəşid Qaplanov". Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  2. ^ Vekilov, R.A. (1998). ИСТОРИЯ ВОЗНИКНОВЕНИЯ АЗЕРБАЙДЖАНСКОЙ РЕСПУБЛИКИ [History of establishment of Azerbaijan Republic] (PDF). Baku: Elm. p. 31. Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  3. ^ "AN UNSUCCESSFUL ATTEMPT TO OPEN LAW FACULTY IN 1919". Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  4. ^ a b "Azərbaycanın təhsil nazirləri" [Azerbaijani ministers of education]. Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  5. ^ Peter Symes. "The Note Issues of Azerbaijan. Part II – The Azerbaijan Republic". Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  6. ^ Swietochowski, Tadeusz (2004). Russian Azerbaijan, 1905-1920: The Shaping of a National Identity in a Muslim Community. Cambridge University Press. p. 173. ISBN 0-521-52245-5. Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  7. ^ "КАПЛАНОВ РАШИД ХАН" [Kaplanov Rashid Khan]. Retrieved 2011-11-28.