Rasht is the capital city of Gilan Province, Iran. As of the 24 October 2011 census, its population was 639,951, Rasht is the largest city on Irans Caspian Sea coast. It is a trade center between Caucasia, Russia and Iran using the port of Bandar-e Anzali. Rasht is also a major tourist center with the resort of Masouleh in the adjacent mountains, historically, Rasht was a major transport and business center which connected Iran to Russia and Europe, and because of this was known as the Gate of Europe. The city has a history that goes back to the 13th century, for a more comprehensive treatment of the region, see the history section of Gilan. 682, Rasht was first mentioned in historical documents,1669, Stenka Razin, a Cossack warlord, plundered the city. 1722–1732, Occupation by the Russians due to the Russo-Persian War,1901, A major epidemic plague devastates the city. 1917–1920, The Russian and British armed forces fight in the city of Bandar-e Anzali. The British retreat and the Russians occupy the area, 1920–1921, The short-lived Persian Soviet Socialist Republic was established with its capital in Rasht. 1937, A revolt, sparked by the desire to collect a tax from the Russians, was suppressed. 1974, First university established in Rasht, Rasht was first mentioned in historical documents in 682 CE, but it is certainly older than this and appears on the Peutinger Map of late antiquity. It has seen the Sassanid era, the armies of Peter the Great and later Russian rulers, the people of Rasht also played a major role in the Constitutional Revolution of Iran. The name Rasht comes most plausibly from the verb reshtan, weaving, during the 20th century, until the mid-70s, Gilan and the Rasht region was the third-ranking industrial city in Iran by number of workers and per capital productivity. It lost its cultural and industrial status to an extent after the 1970s. The people of Rasht played a prominent role in instigation and radicalization of the Persian Constitutional Revolution, Rasht is the birthplace of Mīrzā Kūchak Khān, one of the leading figures of the Constitutional Revolution. His own movement in Gilan, which went by the name of Jangalis, represented a pro-modern and social program for reformation of Muslim rituals. Mirza established the short-lived Persian Socialist Soviet Republic in 1920 after the defeat of the constitutional forces, the republic had the support of the newly established Russian Red Army. The republic was defeated by the Iranian army under the command of Reza Shah
Image: Rasht Montage 1
Tomb of Dana ye Ali, a famous resident of the Black Stalk Village in Rasht.