Rathore

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In the northern part of India and in Pakistan, the Rathore (or Rathaur or Rathor or Rathur or Rathod or Rathour or Rahtore) is a Kshatriya clan whose members ruled several states.[1][full citation needed] The Rathores claim descent from the mythical Suryavansha (Solar dynasty).[2] The Rathore cavalry was formerly known as the best in India.[3] According to Jadunath Sarkar: It is a shame that the great Rathor cavalrymen of Marwar do not have as famous a story or song for their many charges of epic scale. The history of 18th century warfare in northern India is peppered with instances of the “wild Rathor horse” thundering across the plain in a tight group, crashing into cannon and musket fire.

Notable people[edit]

  • Durgadas Rathore, 17th-century warrior who freed Marwar from Mughal occupation.
  • Jadu Nath Singh, fourth recipient of Param Vir Chakra[4]
  • Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore - Indian politician and Olympic medalist
  • Amar Singh Rathore, a courtier of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan who beheaded the emperor's rude and disrespectful brother-in-law in the court
  • Ganga Singh, Maharaja of Bikaner, a visionary and reformist. He planned and ordered construction of the Gang Canal , now called the Indra Gandhi Canal.
  • Chandrasen Rathore, one of the few Indian kings in the 15th century who opposed the Mughal emperor Akbar.
  • Jayachandra, King Of Kannauj Also Belong to Rathore Gahadavala Dynasty

[5][full citation needed]

Rathore states[edit]

The various cadet branches of the Rathore clan gradually spread to encompass all of Marwar and later founded states in Central India and Gujarat. At the time of India's independence in 1947, the princely states ruled by various branches of the Rathore clan included:[6][7][full citation needed]

  • Jodhpur (Marwar): covering the present-day districts of Jodhpur, Pali, Nagaur, Barmer and Jalore.
  • Bikaner: Covering the present-day districts of Bikaner, Churu, Ganganagar and Hanumangarh;
  • Kishangarh in present-day Rajasthan, founded in 1611 by Raja Kishan Singh, son of Udai Singh of Marwar & balawat Rathore
  • Idar in present-day Gujarat, founded in 1728 or 1729.
  • Ratlam in present-day Ratlam District of Madhya Pradesh, founded 1651.
  • Jhabua in present-day Madhya Pradesh
  • Sitamau in present-day Mandsaur District of Madhya Pradesh, founded 1701 by Raja Kesho Das.
  • Sailana in present-day Ratlam District of Madhya Pradesh, founded in 1730 by Raja Jai Singh.
  • Alirajpur in present-day Madhya Pradesh
  • Kannauj in present-day Uttar Pradesh
  • Saraikela in present-day Jharkhand 1620-1947
  • Kharsawan in present-day Jharkhand 1650-1947

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Contributions to Indian Sociology". Retrieved 2014-06-15. 
  2. ^ Indian India. Director of Public Relations, Chamber of Princes. 1945-01-01. 
  3. ^ The Indian Encyclopaedia: Mahi-Mewat pg.4708
  4. ^ Pal, Dharam (1978). Traditions of the Indian army (3rd ed.). National Book Trust, India.  Cite: Naik Jadunath Singh, a Rathor Rajput, serving in 1/7 Rajput Regiment (now the 4th Battalion of the Brigade of Guards) won the Param Vir Chakra posthumously in the Jammu and Kashmir operations in 1948.
  5. ^ Studies in Mughal History pg 91 by Ashwini Agrawal
  6. ^ Indian Princely Medals: A Record of the Orders, Decorations, and Medals by Tony McClenaghan, pg 179
  7. ^ The House of Marwar. p. 13. Rathore clan of Rajputs, a clan which besides Jodhpur had ruled over Bikaner, Kishengarh, Idar, Jhabhua, Sitamau, Sailana, Alirajpur and Ratlam