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Maasina Ruru

Maasina Ruru was an emancipation movement for self-government and self-determination in the British Solomon Islands during and after World War II, 1945–1950, credited with creating the movement towards independence for the Solomon Islands. The name is from the'Are'are language meaning the Rule of "relationship of siblings together" and is corrupted to "Marching Rule", "Marxist Rule", or "Rule of Brotherhood"; the movement was created after Nori, Aliki Nono'oohimae, Jonathan Fiifii'i, a host of others from Malaita who worked together in the Solomon Islands Labour Corps during World War II. One of the influences is said to have been the African-American soldiers whose humane treatment of the fellow workers was markedly different from the plantation owners, they spread a message of independence amongst the Malaitan soldiers who began a campaign of non-compliance and civil disobedience. They were influenced by other revolutionary or anti-government movements, progressive missionaries such as Rev. Richard Fallowes and apocalyptic movements such as that of the priest Noto'i.

During 1939 in Uogwari and Atobala he had been a prophet of the ancestor La'aka and channelled that Tulagi would be destroyed and the government would be thrown into the sea. His followers were arrested by the government but in 1946, the capital moved from Tulagi to Honiara. Noto'i joined the Maasina Ruru movement. In 1947, the British government launched Operation De-Louse to arrest the leaders of the movement; the nine main chiefs or Alaha were arrested and charged under the Sedition Act for organising secret meetings. This despite the fact that Maasina Ruru meetings were mass meetings of thousands of people at a time, they were sentenced, including Fifi'i, Nonoohimae and Aliki, to six and a half years hard labour. While the leaders were in jail the campaign of civil disobedience continued with villages refusing to pay taxes en masse. While many villages were barricaded against the British, the government launched Operation Jericho. Two thousand arrests were made in Malaita alone and yet the resistance continued.

In 1951 the British government held meetings with the imprisoned leadership and brokered a deal for self-government in the form of the Malaitan Congress. The prisoners were released and demands were met towards the end of 1951. Fifi'i, Jonathan. Suva, Fiji: Institute of Pacific Studies.


WBTU is an 18,500-watt FM radio station licensed to Kendallville, Indiana located in Fort Wayne, Indiana. The station operates on the FM radio frequency of 93.3 MHz. WBTU is owned by Adams Radio Group, LLC, through licensee Adams Radio of Fort Wayne, LLC. WBTU operated as WAWK-FM, a sister station to WAWK AM in Kendallville, from 1964 to 1984. In June 1984, WAWK-FM was sold, renamed to WBTU-FM, relocated to Fort Wayne. WBTU is the oldest country station in the Fort Wayne market. Counting the station's WAWK lineage makes the station older. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, WBTU used Hot Country. In the mid-1990s, the moniker was changed to B93. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, the station was known as Hoosier Country. In 2005, the station went by its call letters and frequency. On May 25, 2007, WBTU changed its branding, becoming U. S. 93.3. A few weeks U. S. 93.3 went "commercial-free" but only continued to operate without playing commercials until December 31, 2007. In 2000, Artistic Media Partners, Inc. bought WSHY-FM from 62nd Street, Inc..

WBTU and WSHY were moved to a studio inside the Bowen Center on Goshen Road in Fort Wayne. In January 2007, Artistic Media Partners agreed to sell WBTU and WSHY to Russ Oasis for $3.8 million. Oasis Radio Group owns HOT 107.9, 106.3 JOE FM in Fort Wayne, also. On March 6, 2007, a local management agreement was enacted between Artistic Media and Russell Oasis for WBTU and WSHY. In March 2014, Adams Radio Group, LLC entered an agreement to purchase WBTU along with CHR/Rhythmic 107.9 WJFX from Oasis Radio Group and crosstown Urban CHR 96.3 WNHT, Oldies 1250 WGL and Classic Rock 103.9 WXKE. The purchase, at a price of $6.4 million, was consummated on June 2, 2014. It broadcasts country music. Current Lineup: 12a-6a The Blair Garner Show 6a-10a Bobby Bones Show 10a-3p Travis Walker 3p-7p Randy Alomar 7p-12a Nash Nights Live Weekends- Taylor In the past, WBTU had helped St. Jude's Research Hospital, MDA, other organizations. WBTU served as the radio station sponsor for country night at the Meijer Event Tent during Fort Wayne's Three Rivers Festival in 2006.

Dirk Rowley Jeanette Rinard Mitch Mahan Chevy Smith Dakota McCoy Steve "Tiny Little" Michaels Kris "Coyote" Underwood Dave Collins Stephanie Decker Dave Riley Scott Dugan Dale Christopher Jay Fergusion Collins on the Radio Kenny Edwards Don Moore Gary Mack Mack and Moore in the morning Doug Montgomery T. Daniels Mark Allen WBTU's official website Query the FCC's FM station database for WBTU Radio-Locator information on WBTU Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for WBTUWBTU's Official MySpace Page


Tiqqun is the name of a French leftist philosophical journal, founded in 1999 with an aim to "recreate the conditions of another community." It was created by various writers before dissolving in Venice, Italy in 2001 following the attacks of September 11, 2001. Tiqqun was the object of some interest in the media after the arrest of Julien Coupat, one of its founders; the journal was short-lived. Tiqqun is more the name of the philosophical concept which stems from these texts, is used in a broad sense to name the many publications containing the journal's texts, in order to designate, if not a specific author, at least "a point of spirit from which these writings come." Tiqqun became better known to an American audience in 2009 and 2010 after Glenn Beck featured commentary on the English edition of The Coming Insurrection in his media broadcasts. Eleven articles were published in the journal's first issue, ten articles were published in its second issue. Additionally, nine smaller pieces were interspersed between each of the second issue's ten main articles.

In all, thirty items were published in the journal, listed below. Tiqqun's articles are not credited to individual authors; however the first issue's back cover contained a masthead which listed the issue's editorial board as Julien Boudart, Fulvia Carnevale, Julien Coupat, Junius Frey, Joël Gayraud, Stephan Hottner and Rémy Ricordeau. The name of the journal comes from the great importance that the writers give to the philosophical concept of Tiqqun, it is the French transcription of the original Hebrew term Tikkun olam, a concept issuing from Judaism used in the kabbalistic and messianic traditions, which indicates reparation and redemption. It has come to designate, more broadly, a contemporary Jewish conception of social justice. Tiqqun’s poetic style and radical political engagement are akin to the Situationists and the Lettrists. Tiqqun has influenced radical political and philosophical milieus, post-Situationist groups, other elements of ultra-left and autonomist movements, as well as some anarchists.

Tiqqun’s themes and concepts are influenced by the work of the Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben, who in turn wrote a public editorial supporting Coupat's due process legal rights. Selected articles from Tiqqun have been translated into a variety of languages and released as standalone books. Following is a list of English editions. Introduction to Civil War. Los Angeles: Semiotext, 2010. ISBN 978-1-58435-086-6; this volume, part of Semiotext's Intervention series, contains the texts "Introduction to Civil War" and "How Is It To Be Done?", which were published in issue 2 of Tiqqun. This is Not a Program. Los Angeles: Semiotext, 2011. ISBN 978-1-58435-097-2; this volume, a part of Semiotext's Intervention series, contains the texts "This Is Not a Program" and "A Critical Metaphysics Could Be Born as a Science of Apparatuses," which were published in issue 2 of Tiqqun. Tiqqun 1 Publisher unknown, 2011. No ISBN; this "faithful reproduction, in English, of the original release of Tiqqun #1" is distributed by Little Black Cart books, an anarchist book distribution project.

Theory of Bloom. LBC Books, 2012. ISBN 978-1-62049-002-0. First published in France in 2004. Preliminary Materials for a Theory of the Young-Girl. Los Angeles: Semiotext, 2012. ISBN 978-1-58435-108-5. First published in France in 1999. Autonomism Julien Coupat The Coming Insurrection Communization Insurrectionary anarchism The Invisible Committee Post-Anarchism Tarnac Nine Ceccaldi, Jérôme. "Rions un peu avec Tiqqun." Multitudes 8: pp. 239–242. Culp, Andrew. "Insurrectionary Foucault: Tiqqun, The Coming Insurrection, Beyond." Smith, Jason E. "The Politics of Incivility: Autonomia and Tiqqun." The Minnesota Review 75: pp. 119–132. Read, Jason. "From Restricted to General Antagonism: Tiqqun’s Introduction to Civil War" Unemployed Negativity. Blogger May 27, 2010. Web. Read, Jason. "A Million Blooms: Tiqqun and Negri on the Actualization of Ontology." Unemployed Negativity. Blogger July 7, 2011. Web. Wood, Alden. "The Cultural Logic of Insurrection: Essays on Tiqqun and The Invisible Committee." Repartee. is dedicated to the free diffusion of Tiqqun texts, as well as their translations in a variety of languages. is the work of an anonymous translator, providing texts from "Tiqqun" magazine in English

Álvaro Pires Pinheiro Lobo

Álvaro Pires Pinheiro Lobo was a Portuguese nobleman, who served as Alcaide-mayor of Barcelos. He had served as a vassal of Duke of Braganza. Álvaro was born in son of Pedro Esteves and Isabel Pinheiro. His father had been an important member of the court of Braganza, an descendant of Rodrigo Anes de Penela, Lord of Penela, his mother was a remote descendant of Ramiro II of León. He was married to a noble Lady who served to Isabella of Portugal, she was daughter of Nuno Pereira de Lacerda and Guiomar de Brito.Álvaro Pires Pinheiro Lobo served as Administrator of Morgado de Pouve, Nobleman of the house of the Duke of Braganza, Dom Fernando I. Nobiliário de familias de Portugal

Arthur Halloway

Arthur'Pony' Halloway, was a pioneering Australian rugby league footballer and coach. Born in Sydney, New South Wales he played for the Glebe Dirty Reds, Balmain Tigers and Eastern Suburbs, in the New South Wales Rugby Football League premiership, he played for New South Wales in the first rugby match run by the newly created'New South Wales Rugby Football League' which had just split away from the established New South Wales Rugby Football Union. He was a Half-back for the Australian national team, he played in ten Tests between 1908 and 1919, as captain on three occasions in 1919. Halloway was nicknamed'Pony', but despite his small stature he was recognised as one of the fiercest competitors to play the game and one of the nation's finest footballers of the 20th century Halloway holds the record for the most premierships won as a coach in Australian rugby league history with 8 premierships. Halloway holds the record for the longest undefeated streak as a coach in Australian rugby league history with 35 games undefeated.

Arthur was playing rugby union with Easts in Sydney when the defections to rugby league commenced in 1908. He was recruited by the Glebe club after taking part in the rebel series against Baskerville's New Zealand'All Golds'. Late in the 1908 season Halloway was selected to go away on the inaugural Kangaroo Tour, he played in 29 matches on tour including the 1st Anglo-Australian Test in London. Earlier that year Halloway made his Test debut in Australia's 14–9 win in the 3rd Test in Sydney in 1908, the 3rd international league fixture in which Australia took part; the arrival of the 2nd wave of Wallaby defectors in 1909 pushed Halloway down the representative pecking order and for the next five years he maintained a regular rivalry for the Australian half-back position with former Wallaby captain Chris McKivat. In 1910 Halloway moved to the Balmain club for three seasons, from where he continued his representative career, making his second Kangaroo tour in 1911, he played in 12 tour matches but no Tests with McKivat the preferred Test half-back.

He joined the Eastern Suburbs club 1912 where he won back to back premierships in 1912 and 1913 as well as being a member of the City Cup Winning Side in 1914. Following Chris McKivat's retirement he became the preferred half back in the 1914 Ashes series. Halloway returned to Balmain in 1915 where he won further premierships in 1915,'16,'17,'19 and 1920 as captain and captain-coach from 1916, his first appearance as captain of the Kangaroos was on the 1919 tour of New Zealand when he captained the side to a 2–1 tour victory. Throughout his playing career Halloway played in over 100 representative matches, including ten tests for Australia, he made over 30 appearances for New South Wales as well as six for Queensland. He moved to Queensland and represented that state in one game in 1921, he was the only man to be part of all of Australia's first three tours – the first two Kangaroo tours and the 1919 trip to New Zealand. Along with Billy Cann, Dan Frawley and Tedda Courtney he was one of four men to make all three of the tours made between 1908 and 1912 by Australian or New South Welsh teams..

He is listed on the Australian Players Register as Kangaroo No. 21. The story is recounted of him chopping off a finger in a work related accident one Saturday morning leading his club side, Balmain, to victory that afternoon with his hand swathed in a blood-stained bandage. Halloway was a consummate team man, a sound defender and an opportunistic half-back capable of opening up an opposition worn down by heavy forward clashes with impeccable service to his outside backs. After retirement as a player he coached in the country league at Parkes Lismore and the Newtown club for a season in 1923, he returned to Sydney in the 1930s and won three premierships as coach of the Roosters from 1935 to 1937. He coached Norths from 1940 to 1941. An article on Arthur Halloway that appeared in the Sydney Morning Herald on 14 August 1945 – shortly before he brought up his 11th premiership as a player and/or coach. All up Pony Halloway went on four overseas playing tours, he won seven premierships as four as a coach.

He stands as the Balmain's most successful all time coach winning 79% of the matches in which he guided the club. He was involved in the game at the top level either as player or coach in a career spanning 37 years, he was awarded Life Membership of the New South Wales Rugby League in 1914. In 2007 he was inducted into the Australian Rugby League Hall of Fame. In February 2008, Halloway was named in the list of Australia's 100 Greatest Players, commissioned by the NRL and ARL to celebrate the code's centenary year in Australia. Alan Whiticker, Alan & Hudson, Glen'The Encyclopedia of Rugby League Players' Whiticker, Alan Captaining the Kangaroos, New Holland, Sydney Andrews, Malcolm The ABC of Rugby League Austn Broadcasting Corpn, Sydney Queensland representatives at