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Ravenloft is a fictional place, a campaign setting for the Dungeons & Dragons roleplaying game. It is an alternate time-space existence known as a pocket dimension or demiplane, called the Demiplane of Dread, which consists of a collection of land pieces called "domains", brought together by a mysterious force known only as the Dark Powers; each domain is tailored to and mystically ruled by a being called a Darklord, forever trapped and surrounded by magical mists surrounding the domain. Strahd Von Zarovich, a vampire in the original AD&D Ravenloft I6 module 1983, became the first Darklord, both ruler and prisoner of his own personal domain of Barovia. How Count Von Zarovich became the darklord of Barovia was detailed in the novel, I, Strahd: The Memoirs of a Vampire; as established in the Ravenloft: Realm of Terror boxed set known as "the Black Box" released in 1990, The Ravenloft campaign setting was located in the Ethereal Plane. As a physical manifestation of that plane, lands and people were created out of the mysterious mists, the realm acted as a prison where one could enter or be transported, but means of escape were few.

Other Ravenloft Domains and Darklords were added in various AD&D 2nd edition products establishing a core continent attached around Barovia which could be traveled to by others if their respective lords allowed entering or leaving their borders. Ravenloft is a Gothic horror setting. Dungeon Masters are encouraged to use scenes that build apprehension and fear, culminating in the eventual face-to-face meeting with the nameless evil. Characters have a much greater significance attached to their acts if they are morally impure, as they risk coming under the influence of the Dark Powers and transforming themselves into figures of evil; the magical mists of Ravenloft could appear anywhere in the Dungeons & Dragons universe, drawing evil-doers into the Ravenloft setting. One exception is the phlogiston of the Spelljammer setting; the phlogiston blocks all planar travel, but the Ravenloft mists can appear in deep space inside crystal shells, according to the Complete Spacefarer's Handbook. The Dark Powers are a malevolent force.

Their exact nature and number are deliberately kept vague, allowing for plot development in accordance with the Gothic tradition of storytelling – where the heroes are outclassed and outnumbered by unknowable evil forces beyond their control. The Dark Powers most serve as a plot device for Ravenloft concerning the Darklords, the de facto visible rulers of the Ravenloft Demiplane. Where the player characters are tormented and opposed by the Darklords, the Darklords are themselves tormented and opposed by the Dark Powers. Of course, the difference lies in order of power—while many D&D adventures focus on allowing a band of heroes to prevail over a Darklord, no such victory over the Dark Powers seems possible, or conceivable, for the Darklords. Vecna and Lord Soth "escaped" Ravenloft, but are the only two Darklords known to have done so. Most the Dark Powers make their wishes and intentions known through subtle manipulations of fate. Thus, Barovia's vampire lord Strahd von Zarovich's many attempts to win back his love, are doomed to failure, but the Dark Powers arrange such that he never loses hope.

Each time, for example, Strahd's own actions may be culpable for his failure, as such he may go through crippling self-recrimination, rather than cursing the gods and giving up. Most other Darklords have similar tales of frustration, kept all the more unbearable because the flicker of the possibility of success is never extinguished. Not all Darklords acknowledge the Dark Powers directly, however. Strahd, for example, in his own memoirs, speaks only of a force known as Death, who mocks him with the voices of his family and former colleagues throughout his life. Vlad Drakov, the Darklord of Falkovnia whose military expeditions are doomed to constant failure, seems to be oblivious to any non-mortal factors in his repeated defeats; the Dark Powers seem capable of non-evil manipulations. Although their machinations are directly responsible for the misery of many of Ravenloft's inhabitants, they appear to play a role as dispensers of justice; some tales of innocents who have escaped Ravenloft for happier environs are attributed to the Dark Powers, who have judged a being worthy of reward and release from their misty domain.

The precise nature of the Dark Powers of Ravenloft is never explicitly described in the game material, with the exception of a few of the novels based on the setting, those are considered non-canon. In a sense, the Dark Powers are intended to be eternal unknowns, an array of mercurial and inscrutable wills whose motives and actions the player characters cannot hope to understand; the first appearance of the setting was in Ravenloft, a stand-alone Advanced Dungeons & Dragons adventure module, published in 1983. It was popular enough to spawn a 1986 sequel, Ravenloft II: The House on Gryphon Hill, an Advanced Dungeons & Dragons Adventure Gamebooks novel, Master of Ravenloft, the same year. Ravenloft was launched as a full-f

List of Solar System objects by size

This is a partial list of Solar System objects by size, arranged in descending order of mean volumetric radius, divided into several size classes. These lists can be sorted according to an object's mass and, for the largest objects, volume and surface gravity, insofar as these values are available; this list contains the Sun, the planets, dwarf planets, many of the larger small Solar System bodies, all named natural satellites, a number of smaller objects of historical or scientific interest, such as comets and near-Earth objects. Objects on this list are ordered by mean radius rather than mass. Many trans-Neptunian objects have been discovered. Solar System objects more massive than 1021 kilograms are known or expected to be spherical. Astronomical bodies relax into rounded shapes, achieving hydrostatic equilibrium, when their own gravity is sufficient to overcome the structural strength of their material, it was believed that the cutoff for round objects is somewhere between 100 km and 200 km in radius if they have a large amount of ice in their makeup.

Objects that are ellipsoids due to their own gravity are here referred to as being "round", whether or not they are in equilibrium today, while objects that are not ellipsoidal are referred to as being "irregular". Spheroidal bodies have some polar flattening due to the centrifugal force from their rotation, can sometimes have quite different equatorial diameters. Unlike bodies such as Haumea, the irregular bodies have a non-ellipsoidal profile with sharp edges. There can be difficulty in determining the diameter for typical objects beyond Saturn. For TNOs there is some confidence in the diameters, but for non-binary TNOs there is no real confidence in the masses/densities. Many TNOs are just assumed to have Pluto's density of 2.0 g/cm3, but it is just as that they have a comet-like density of only 0.5 g/cm3. For example, if a TNO is incorrectly assumed to have a mass of 3.59×1020 kg based on a radius of 350 km with a density of 2 g/cm3 but is discovered to have a radius of only 175 km with a density of 0.5 g/cm3, its true mass would be only 1.12×1019 kg.

The sizes and masses of many of the moons of Jupiter and Saturn are well known due to numerous observations and interactions of the Galileo and Cassini orbiters. Further out from Saturn, the sizes and masses of objects are less clear. There has not yet been an orbiter around Neptune for long-term study of their moons. For the small outer irregular moons of Uranus, such as Sycorax, which were not discovered by the Voyager 2 flyby different NASA web pages, such as the National Space Science Data Center and JPL Solar System Dynamics, give somewhat contradictory size and albedo estimates depending on which research paper is being cited. There are uncertainties in the figures for mass and radius, irregularities in the shape and density, with accuracy depending on how close the object is to Earth or whether it has been visited by a probe, it was once expected that any icy body larger than 200 km in radius was to be in hydrostatic equilibrium. However, Ceres is the smallest body for which detailed measurements are consistent with hydrostatic equilibrium, whereas Iapetus is the largest icy body, found to not be in hydrostatic equilibrium.

Earth's moon is not in hydrostatic equilibrium, but—unlike icy Ceres and Iapetus—it is composed of silicate rock, which has a much higher tensile strength than ice. For simplicity and comparative purposes, the values are manually calculated assuming a sphericity of 1; the size of solid bodies does not include an object's atmosphere. For example, Titan looks bigger than Ganymede. For the giant planets, the "radius" is defined as the distance from the center at which the atmosphere reaches 1 bar of atmospheric pressure; the radius of Saturn's main rings is 136,775 km. All imaged icy moons with radii greater than 200 km except Proteus are round, although those under 400 km that have had their shapes measured are not in hydrostatic equilibrium; the known densities of TNOs in this size range are remarkably low, implying that the objects retain significant internal porosity from their formation and were never gravitationally compressed into solid bodies. This list contains a selection of objects estimated to be between 199 km in radius.

The largest of these may lie above the boundary for hydrostatic equilibrium. Most of the trans-Neptunian objects listed with a radius smaller than 200 km have "assumed sizes based on a generic albedo of 0.09" since they are too far away to directly measure their sizes with existing instruments. Mass switches from 1021 kg to 1018 kg. Main-belt asteroids have orbital elements constrained by (2.0 AU < a < 3

Sammy Smyth

Samuel Smyth was a Northern Irish footballer who played in the Football League for Wolverhampton Wanderers, Stoke City and Liverpool. Smyth was born in Belfast in 1925 and played for local clubs Distillery and Dundela in the Irish League before being signed by English Football League side Wolverhampton Wanderers in July 1947 for a fee of £1,100. Despite taking Wolves to third place in the 1946–47 season manager Ted Vizard was replaced by his assistant Stan Cullis in June 1948; the following year Cullis led Wolves to the FA Cup final against Leicester City, Jesse Pye scoring two goals in the first half and Smyth netting another in the 68th minute. The following season Wolves finished in 2nd place in the First Division, he had scored 43 goals in 116 league appearances for Wolves. In September 1951 Stoke City paid a club record fee of £25,000 to Wolves for Smyth in a bid to help them avoid relegation after an awful start to the 1951–52 season. Smyth had the desired impact at the Victoria Ground as he scored 12 vital goals as Stoke escaped the drop by three points.

He scored five goals in 14 matches in 1952–53 before being sold to Liverpool in January 1953 for a fee of £12,000. Smyth made his debut for his new club against the side, he spent two seasons at Anfield scoring 20 goals in 44 appearances. Smyth returned to Belfast where he played for Bangor and worked as a bookmaker, he opened his own sports distribution business which sold sports equipment throughout Ireland. He and his wife Enid traveled to the Caribbean to visit their daughter and after his wife's passing in 2002 he moved to live with his daughter, he died on 19 October 2016 at the age of 91 and was the last surviving player from the 1949 FA Cup winning team and the Stoke City team. Source: Source: LFC profile Northern Ireland profile Sammy Smyth at Post War English & Scottish Football League A–Z Player's Database


Belie is the cover album by Japanese singer Akina Nakamori. It was released on 30 November, 2016 under the Universal Music Group Japan label; the album was released after year and two months after another cover album "Utahime4: My Eggs Benedict". The CD was released in three editions: regular CD edition and first-press CD. DVD footage includes full music videoclips for all 10 cover songs. One month was released limited edition Belie+Vampire only in Vinyl edition; the Vampire EP includes cover songs as well, at the first meant only in the limited copies, however during the year of 35th debut anniversary celebration, 3 May 2017 was released as a solo mini ep Vampire. Belie debuted at number 8 on the Oricon Album Weekly Chart and charted for 9 weeks and sold over 22,800 copies. On the monthly charts it remained at number 27. On digital streaming service Recochoku's charts, the album debuted at number 5 on Digital Album Daily Charts

Lordship of Harviala

Lordship of the Manor of Harviala was a medieval frälse possession in Finland. Harviala has been an immense property in Southern Häme in Finland; the manor and the seat of lordship were in Vanaja. Holders of the property were hereditary, through at least ten generations, they were mighty regional magnates in Tavastia; the family was of ancient Finnish extraction and had formed some power base in mists of history. Earlier holders of Harviala are not known to our days. 1) Royal Councillor John, son of Andrew, of the family of Karppia, is mentioned as member of the Privy Council of Sweden from 1396 onwards. In Tavastia, he owned much property, for example the manor of Lepistö. One of his ancestors may have come from Germany, his family's other ancestors were from mists of history magnates in Finnish Tavastia. 2) Christina Jönsdotter of Karppi, wed to Nicholas Lydekason, bailiff of the Turku castle, of German Muenster and whose family became known as Djekn 3) Bridget Klasdotter, heiress of Suontaka in Tyrväntö, wed to Henry Sword, member of the Privy Council of Sweden, of the house of Kurki of Laukko and Niemenpää, Lord of Harviala and Niemenpää 4) Ragnhild Henriksdotter m Hans Pedersson of Lepas 5) Nicholas, married with a woman whose name is unknown to our age, but who belonged to the family of Särkilahti of Taivassalo, in the Turku archipelago 6) Bridget of Harviala, Pirjo Klauntytär, wed to Lasse Matson, district judge of Hattula, was childless.

Harviala passed to her brother: Bero of Lepas, Bero Nicolai de Finlandia, member of Privy Council of Sweden since 1523. His wife was Karin of the family bearing the Stiernsköld, from Sweden 7) Anna of Lepaa, heiress of Harviala, wed to Mats Larsson, lawspeaker of Northern Finland, of the family of Kruse 8) Jesper Mattsson Cruus af Harfwila, af Edeby, PC, Lord High Treasurer of Sweden, his wife was baroness Brita De la Gardie, daughter of baron Pontus De La Gardie and Sofia Gyllenhielm. Brita's mother Sofia was a bastard daughter of king John III of Sweden with Karin Hansdotter. 9) Baron Lawrence, Lars Jespersson Cruus af Edeby, Lord of Harviala, younger son of Jeppe and Brita. Sir Lawrence was created Baron of Gudhem, he held property which belonged together to him and daughters of his early-deceased elder brother sir John. Baron Lawrence married countess Agneta Horn, daughter of the Count of Pori. In division of inheritances, their son did not receive Finnish properties, which were assigned to various daughters and nieces.

Of Lawrence and Agneta's daughters, baroness Bridget married count Fabian Wrede, count of Elimä. Baroness Anna married baron of Liebelitz. 10) Lawrence's fraternal nieces married as follows: baroness Bridget with baron Jacob Lilliehöök baroness Anna Maria with HRR Reichsgraf Karl Mauritz Lewenhaupt, count of Razeburg and Falkenstein baroness Barbro: first with count Charles Sparre. On the other hand, the Kruse family became extinct in male line upon the death of baron Lawrence's grandson; the Harviala lands passed to heirs listed above. Äldre svenska frälsesläkter, by Folke Wernstedt, 1965 Svenska adelns ättartavlor, by Gustaf Elgenstierna, 1925

Chaenostoma cordatum

Chaenostoma cordatum known by the names bacopa or ornamental bacopa, is one of 52 species in the genus Chaenostoma, is best known in its cultivated forms. It originated in Southern Africa, is a tender perennial forming a ground cover, but used in hanging baskets. Small dark green heart shaped leaves and small round five-petaled blue, pink, or white flowers at the branch tips can be found year-round, but at its prime in spring. Sutera'Cabana', is a short-lived evergreen perennial for zones 9-11, it requires full sun to flower profusely. It is notable as the source of a breed marketed as "The Pikmin Flower", after the GameCube game Pikmin; the flower resembles the flowers. Other cultivars include'Bridal Showers','Snowflake','Giant Snowflake' and'Pink Domino'. Bacopa Pikmin Flower GameSpot News, "Pikmin becomes a flower" Media related to Chaenostoma cordatum at Wikimedia Commons