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Ravensbourne National Park

Ravensbourne is a national park in Ravensbourne and Buaraba in South East Queensland, Australia, 33 km west of Esk. It is a small scenic park on the Great Dividing Range within the Lockyer Creek water catchment area and overlooking the Lockyer Valley. Small remnants of the rainforest and wet eucalypt forest that once covered this part of the Great Dividing Range are preserved in Ravensbourne National Park. Red soils of the park's west and south-west support rainforest that includes eucalypt species as well as palms and ferns. Sandy soils of the park's eastern section support open eucalypt forest; the park is situated in the water catchment areas of the Brisbane Lockyer Creek. A total of four rare or threatened species have been recorded in the park. More than 80 species of birds have been recorded in the park. Protected areas of Queensland Media related to Ravensbourne National Park at Wikimedia Commons

Theodor Uhlig

Theodor Uhlig was a German violin-player and music critic. Orphaned at a young age, Uhlig showed such musical talent that he was singled out for musical training, which led to becoming a violinist in the Dresden orchestra at the age of 19. In the following year, Richard Wagner came to Dresden for the premiere of his opera and remained in the city as Kapellmeister until his flight following the May Uprising in the city of 1849. Although opposed to Wagner, Uhlig became a passionate convert. A tangible sign of his devotion was his arrangement of Wagner's opera Lohengrin for piano. Uhlig defended Wagner in magazine reviews. During the early years of Wagner's exile from Germany Uhlig remained one of his most important contacts and the source of an extensive correspondence until Uhlig's early death in 1853. Although Uhlig's letters to Wagner have not survived, there are nearly 100 letters from Wagner to Uhlig from 1849 to 1853, many of them lengthy. In these the composer is very frank about his own moods and depression, abusive of others, including mutual friends Uhlig in part repaid Wagner by a series of articles, published in 1850, caustically attacking the opera Le prophète by Wagner's supposed enemy, Giacomo Meyerbeer.

In a series of six essays in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik, entitled "Contemporary Reflections", Uhlig castigated the music of the opera and attacked Meyerbeer not least as a representative of "Hebraic art-taste". Wagner picked up on this phrase as an excuse to launch his virulent attack Jewishness in Music. Uhlig was involved in the negotiations for the publication of this pamphlet. Wagner dedicated to Uhlig his major essay Opera and Drama, it was to Uhlig that he first wrote of his intentions to create his Ring Cycle as a series of four operas. In this letter, Wagner asks Uhlig to'borrow' for him a book that he needs about the Völsunga saga from the Dresden Royal Library. Uhlig's compositions, which are now forgotten, were extensive, they included orchestral and chamber works and Singspiele. He wrote thoughtfully about other musical topics, including the music of Ludwig van Beethoven and Franz Liszt, on phrase structure in music. Wagner, Richard, tr. J. Shedlock, Richard Wagner's Letters to his Dresden Friends, London, 1870 Warrack and James Deaville, "Uhlig, Theodor" in Oxford Music Online, Marc A.

Richard Wagner and the Anti-Semitic Imagination, Nebraska, 1997 Pederson, Sanna, "Uhlig, Theodor", in The Cambridge Wagner Encyclopedia, ed. N. Vazsonyi, 608–609

Stark's ink

Stark's ink is one of a number of types of homemade inks whose recipes were available in the 19th century. People made their own ink before commercially available ink was inexpensively and obtainable. Dr. James Stark was a chemist during the 19th century who experimented with ink recipes for 23 years, he tested 229 recipes for their durability on various kinds of paper to find the most stable iron gall ink recipe. He submitted his findings in 1855 to the Society of Arts in Scotland; this recipe was the one he used. This iron gall ink recipe is taken from the Household Cyclopedia of General Information, published in 1881, it is not in common use now, though the preparation of inks with similar methods was common at one time. Recipe for 1 gallon of ink: Twelve oz. nut-galls 8 oz. each, sulfate of indigo and copperas A few cloves 4 or 6 oz. of gum ArabicThe addition of the sulfate of indigo renders the ink less stable on the page and prone to premature browning over time, but less liable to mould in the inkwell.

It soon becomes an intense black. The ink can be made without the sulfate of indigo, which will make it less expensive yet more archival. Without it, the ink will appear pale then blacken as it dries; the ink is permanent and waterproof. Iron gall ink Source Forty Centuries of Ink by David N. Carvalho Forty Centuries of Ink by David N. Carvalho - chapter XIII & XVI The Iron Gall Ink Website Open-Ink Wiki -- Stark's Iron Gall Ink Recipe by Fiberdrunk

Soltam M-66

The M-66 is a 160 mm mortar manufactured by Soltam of Israel. The weapon was based on the M-58 mortar by Vammas of Finland, it requires a crew of 6-8 to operate. In addition to the towed variant, the M-66 was mounted on Sherman tank chassis, resulting in the Makmat 160 mm.: Ecuadorian Army: Honduran Army: Indian Army: Israel Defense Forces Lebanese Forces South Lebanon Army Makmat 160 mm - self-propelled artillery produced by mounting Soltam M-66 160 mm mortar on M4 Sherman tank chassis. Soltam M-65 Weapons of the Lebanese Civil War Sherman in israeli service Israeli-weapons.com Singapore Artillery Pieces Weapons of the Arab-Israeli Wars

Under the Skin (Lindsey Buckingham album)

Under the Skin is the fourth solo album by American musician and Fleetwood Mac vocalist/guitarist Lindsey Buckingham, released on October 3, 2006. The album, long delayed by Fleetwood Mac's reunion tour in the 1990s and 2003 album Say You Will, was his first solo release in 14 years. Under the Skin peaked at #80 on the Billboard 200 album chart in October 2006. "Show You How" was released as a single but failed to chart. Predominantly an acoustic album, the album does not feature many instruments besides acoustic guitar and percussion. "Down on Rodeo" and "Someone's Gotta Change Your Mind" are the only two songs on the record with contributions from outside musicians, John McVie on bass and Mick Fleetwood on percussions and drums. Those two songs, along with "To Try for the Sun", were recorded ten years prior at Ocean Way Studios in Hollywood, which would have appeared on Buckingham's aborted 1990s solo album Gift of Screws. Other songs from this unreleased project appeared on Fleetwood Mac's Say You Will and Buckingham's 2008 solo release Gift of Screws.

All songs composed by Lindsey Buckingham except. "Not Too Late" – 4:42 "Show You How" – 4:21 "Under the Skin" – 3:56 "I Am Waiting" – 3:34 "It Was You" – 2:48 "To Try for the Sun" – 3:14 "Cast Away Dreams" – 4:28 "Shut Us Down" – 3:57 "Down on Rodeo" – 4:27 "Someone's Gotta Change Your Mind" – 4:48 "Flying Down Juniper" – 4:43 "Go Your Own Way" – 4:56 The version sold through Barnes & Noble, includes a live version of "Say Goodbye," featuring Stevie Nicks, as a bonus track. Main Performer Lindsey Buckingham – guitar, keyboards, vocalsAdditional personnel John McVie – bass Mick Fleetwood – percussion, drums David Campbellorchestration Producers: Lindsey Buckingham except tracks 9 & 10 produced by Lindsey Buckingham and Rob Cavallo Engineers: Lindsey Buckingham Mixing: Lindsey Buckingham, Mark Needham Mastering: Brian "Big Bass" Gardner Photography: Frank Ockenfels III, Lindsey Buckingham Art Direction: Stephen Walker Three promotional music videos were shot for Under The Skin, these included "It Was You", "Show You How" and "Shut Us Down.

Both "It Was You" and "Show You How" are available for digital download via iTunes, but the video for "Shut Us Down" remains unavailable

Notebook (2006 film)

Notebook is a 2006 Indian Malayalam-language teen film directed by Rosshan Andrrews and written by Bobby-Sanjay. It is about three students at a boarding school; the film stars Maria Roy, Roma Asrani, Parvathy Thiruvothu, Skanda Ashok. The film dealt with the subject of teenage pregnancy; the film was released on 15 December 2006. It received positive reviews and was a commercial success at the box office; the film won the Kerala State Film Award for Second Best Film and Filmfare Award for Best Film – Malayalam. The film is about the friendship of three girls: Sarah Elizabeth, Pooja Krishna and Sridevi, all studying in 12th standard at Lord's Academy in Ooty, they come from different family backgrounds—Sairah from a broken home, with her separated parents, from a happy, close-knit family, with her parents doting on her, Pooja, a day scholar living near the school with her mother, whom the trio depend on, when they have problem between themselves. But on other issues, they believe in solving the problems by themselves.

Sreedevi falls in love with Sooraj Menon. Though hesitant at first and Pooja approve their love after being convinced of Sooraj's sincerity. During an excursion to Goa and Sooraj have sex, she becomes pregnant, much to the shock of Sairah and Pooja, moreover herself, they keep the news to themselves, fearing the wrath of Sreedevi's parents. They decide to go for an abortion in a small hospital near their school. During the Founder's Day celebrations at the school, the trio sneaks out of the campus, reaches the hospital. Pooja keeps watch outside the hospital while Sarah and Sreedevi go in and they convince the gynecologist for an abortion by telling several lies, including that Sreedevi had been raped. During abortion, Sreedevi dies. Sairah and Pooja return to school, they are summoned to the principal's office the next day, the doctor who came to the school as a part of an enquiry identifies Sairah. Sairah confesses that the rape story was a lie and Sreedevi had sex with somebody she loves, but she maintains she doesn't know who that is.

Pooja, who considers her future as important, distances herself from the whole episode, leaving Sairah embarrassed and angry. The principal, concerned about the status of the school presses for not registering a police case, dismisses Sairah from the school. Pooja, now ashamed of and disturbed by what she did, tries to apologise to Sairah, but meets with hostility. Pooja loses her mental stability, unable to take the pressure of having lost two best friends together—one to death and the other to her own betrayal. Years on Sairah's graduation day, she receives a letter that claims to be from Sreedevi; the letter informs her that Pooja was in a mental asylum for 6 years, she needs Sairah's company. Sairah, returning to Ooty, finds out, they realise how much they missed each other and return to their school campus to a tree they had planted years ago. Maria Roy as Sreedevi, a silent girl, she is the truce maker. Roma Asrani as Sarah Elizabeth. Coming from a broken family, she is always ready to help anyone.

Parvathy Thiruvothu as Pooja Krishnan, a smart student and practical mind. Skanda Ashok as Sooraj Menon, Sreedevi's lover Aishwarya as Elizabeth, Sarah's mother Seetha as Pooja's mother Prem Prakash as Swaminathan, Sreedevi's father Sukanya as Sridevi's mother Raveendran as a doctor Arathi as Swapna Mejo Joseph as Feroz, a student Suresh Gopi as Brigadier Alexander, Sarah's father Harith CNV as Student The filming was held at Lawrence School, Ooty; the director Roshan Andrews says "Although it cost a fortune to shoot there, it turned out to be perfect. I had visited many schools in Kerala, but couldn't find what I wanted." The other filming locations were the Medical College Ground and the Indian Institute of Management in Kozhikode. The casting of the film was done through open calls. According to the director, the cast was selected from 5000 applicants; the film was produced by a production house known for family dramas. The budget of the film was ₹18 million. All the songs composed by debutant Mejo Joseph.

"Hrudayavum" – Vineeth Sreenivasan, Jyotsna "Changathikoottam" – Rimi Tomy, Sayanora Philip, Vidhu Prathap "Iniyum" – K. J. Yesudas, Manjari "As We All Know" – Donan, Swapna, Vinaita The film was released on 15 December 2006. Reviewer from Sify, while complementing Andrews for taking up a taboo subject and casting newcomers, found the film unimpressive as a whole, gave the verdict as "Ho-hum, just average"; the Varnachitram.com review was positive, calling it an "interesting movie." However the reviewer felt that "t takes the whole of the first half to reach the first plot point." He goes on to state that "he line in the story would have read "Boy and Girl fall in love", but stretching it to the entire first half was, lets say a stretch." The reviewer lauded the screenplay when the major theme of the film is dealt with. He credited the director for "extracting great performances out of newcomers." The OneIndia.com review, though at first comments that "here are times when you might feel as if the director is obsessed with periods and pregnancy than the story itself" adds that "the film's real theme seems to be something relevant in today's changing times—the ne