West Yorkshire is a metropolitan county in England. It is an inland and in relative terms upland county having eastward-draining valleys while taking in moors of the Pennines and has a population of 2.2 million. West Yorkshire came into existence as a metropolitan county in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972. West Yorkshire consists of five metropolitan boroughs and is bordered by the counties of Derbyshire to the south, Greater Manchester to the south-west, Lancashire to the north-west, North Yorkshire to the north and east, South Yorkshire to the south and south-east. Remnants of strong coal and iron ore industries remain in the county, having attracted people over the centuries, this can be seen in the buildings and architecture. Leeds may become a terminus for a north-east limb of High Speed 2. Major railways and two major motorways traverse the county, which contains Leeds Bradford International Airport. West Yorkshire County Council was abolished in 1986 so its five districts became unitary authorities.
However, the metropolitan county, which covers an area of 2,029 square kilometres, continues to exist in law, as a geographic frame of reference. Since 1 April 2014 West Yorkshire has been a combined authority area, with the local authorities pooling together some functions over transport and regeneration as the West Yorkshire Combined Authority. West Yorkshire includes the West Yorkshire Urban Area, the biggest and most built-up urban area within the historic county boundaries of Yorkshire. West Yorkshire was formed as a metropolitan county in 1974, by the Local Government Act 1972, corresponds to the core of the historic West Riding of Yorkshire and the county boroughs of Bradford, Halifax, Huddersfield and Wakefield. West Yorkshire Metropolitan County Council inherited the use of West Riding County Hall at Wakefield, opened in 1898, from the West Riding County Council in 1974. Since 1987 it has been the headquarters of Wakefield City Council; the county had a two-tier structure of local government with a strategic-level county council and five districts providing most services.
In 1986, throughout England the metropolitan county councils were abolished. The functions of the county council were devolved to the boroughs. Organisations such as the West Yorkshire Metro continue to operate on this basis. Although the county council was abolished, West Yorkshire continues to form a metropolitan and ceremonial county with a Lord Lieutenant of West Yorkshire and a High Sheriff. Wakefield's Parish Church was raised to cathedral status in 1888 and after the elevation of Wakefield to diocese, Wakefield Council sought city status and this was granted in July 1888; however the industrial revolution, which changed West and South Yorkshire led to the growth of Leeds and Bradford, which became the area's two largest cities. Leeds was granted city status in 1893 and Bradford in 1897; the name of Leeds Town Hall reflects the fact that at its opening in 1858 Leeds was not yet a city, while Bradford renamed its Town Hall as City Hall in 1965. The county borders, going anticlockwise from the west: Lancashire, Greater Manchester, South Yorkshire and North Yorkshire.
It lies entirely on rocks of carboniferous age which form the southern Pennine fringes in the west and the Yorkshire coalfield further eastwards. In the extreme east of the metropolitan county there are younger deposits of magnesian limestone; the Bradford and Calderdale areas are dominated by the scenery of the eastern slopes of the Pennines, dropping from upland in the west down to the east, dissected by many steep-sided valleys. Large-scale industry, housing and commercial buildings of differing heights, transport routes and open countryside conjoin; the dense network of roads and railways and urban development, confined by valleys creates dramatic interplay of views between settlements and the surrounding hillsides, as shaped the first urban-rural juxtapositions of David Hockney. Where most rural the land crops up in the such rhymes and folklore as On Ilkley Moor Bah'Tat, date unknown, the early 19th century novels and poems of the Brontë family in and around Haworth and long-running light comedy-drama Last of the Summer Wine in the 20th century.
The carboniferous rocks of the Yorkshire coalfield further east have produced a rolling landscape with hills and broad valleys. In this landscape there is widespread evidence of former industrial activity. There are numerous derelict or converted mine buildings and landscaped former spoil heaps; the scenery is a mixture of built up areas, industrial land with some dereliction, farmed open country. Ribbon developments along transport routes including canal and rail are prominent features of the area although some remnants of the pre industrial landscape and semi-natural vegetation still survive. However, many areas are affected by urban fringe pressures creating fragmented and downgraded landscapes and present are urban influences from major cities, smaller industrial towns and former mining villages. In the magnesian limestone belt to the east of the Leeds and Wakefield areas is an elevated ridge with smoothly rolling scenery, dissected by dry valleys. Here, there is a large number of country houses and estates with parkland, estate woodlands and game coverts.
The rivers Aire and Calder drain the area, flowing from west to east. The table below outlines many of the co
Kirklees is a local government district of West Yorkshire, governed by Kirklees Council with the status of a metropolitan borough. The largest town and administrative centre of Kirklees is Huddersfield, the district includes Batley, Cleckheaton, Denby Dale, Heckmondwike, Kirkburton, Meltham and Slaithwaite. Kirklees had a population of 422,500 in 2011 and is therefore the most populous borough in England, not a city; the borough was formed on 1 April 1974 by the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972 as part of a reform of local government in England. Eleven former local government districts were merged: the county boroughs of Huddersfield and Dewsbury, the municipal boroughs of Batley and Spenborough and the urban districts of Colne Valley, Denby Dale, Holme Valley, Kirkburton and Mirfield; the name Kirklees was chosen by the merging councils from more than fifty suggestions, including Upper Agbrigg and Wooldale. It was named after Kirklees Priory, legendary burial place of Robin Hood, situated midway between Huddersfield and Dewsbury.
The priory was located within the present-day Kirklees Park estate, most of which lies in the neighbouring borough of Calderdale. The name Kirklees is made up of Lees meaning Meadows. Under the original draft of the Act, the district would have included Ossett, part of the Dewsbury Parliamentary constituency at that time, it was decided that Ossett was too remote to be governed from Huddersfield and the town was included within the Wakefield district instead. The principal settlements of Kirklees are mill towns in the Colne Valley, Holme Valley, Calder Valley and Spen Valley; those areas of the district with a more urban character bound Calderdale to the west, Bradford to the northwest, Leeds to the northeast and Wakefield to the east. The district includes several rural villages, with the largest rural area extending from the south of Huddersfield; the Pennine countryside to the southwest of Meltham and Holme lies within the Peak District National Park. This moorland area bounds Saddleworth, a traditional part of Yorkshire but now locally governed from Oldham, Greater Manchester.
There is a short border with the High Peak district of Derbyshire running across the summit of Black Hill, the main border to the south of Kirklees is with Barnsley. The inclusion of two county boroughs resulted in a district without an obvious centre. Over the years there have been suggestions of splitting the district into two, administered from Huddersfield and Dewsbury. Graham Riddick, as MP for Colne Valley, campaigned for a split in the early 1990s. A similar ambition was mentioned by Elizabeth Peacock, MP for Batley and Spen in 1991; the boundaries of metropolitan boroughs were outside the remit of the Banham Commission appointed to review local government structures in 1992 or its successors, only minor boundary changes were made with neighbouring districts in 1994. The district includes parts of three postcode areas. Huddersfield and the rural areas to the south have HD postcodes, Birkenshaw and Gomersal have BD postcodes, the rest of the Heavy Woollen area has WF postcodes; the district is split between several telephone dialling codes, with most residents in the 01484, 01274 and 01924 codes.
A small number of residents in Birchencliffe and Birkenshaw villages fall within the 01422 and 0113 codes respectively. The stated religion of the population of Kirklees, as recorded at the 2001 census of population was as follows: Christian 261,128 No religion 54,445 Muslim 39,312 Religion not stated 28,394 Sikh 2,726 Hindu 1,222 Other Religions 772 Buddhist 397 Jewish 171 Public transport information is provided by Metro, as is the case across West Yorkshire. Kirklees lies along the core Huddersfield Line of the TransPennine Express network, with services calling at Huddersfield and Dewsbury. Direct Grand Central services to London King's Cross call at Mirfield. Other railway stations in the district on these routes and on the Penistone Line have local Northern services; some towns in Kirklees have not been served by rail transport since the Beeching cuts. Most bus services in the Huddersfield area are operated by Yorkshire Tiger and First, most bus services in the Heavy Woollen area are operated by Arriva.
The urban areas of Kirklees are served by the M1 motorways. Parts of the local road network are considered to require improvement, such as the main route from Huddersfield to the southbound M1 which narrows as it passes through Flockton. Kirklees Council has developed a number of traffic-free cycle paths called Greenways in partnership with Sustrans. Tourism in Kirklees is based around the area's countryside and industrial heritage: Bagshaw Museum Castle Hill Colne Valley Museum Holmfirth, setting of long-running sitcom Last of the Summer Wine Kirklees Light Railway Kirklees Way, 72 miles circular walking route Marsden Moor Estate Oakwell Hall Standedge Tunnels and Visitor Centre Tolson MuseumKirklees Council closed Dewsbury Museum and Red House Museum at the end of 2016, claiming it could not afford to continue running them following cuts to its budget. Tourist information in Kirklees can be obtained from major libraries. Huddersfield Town play football in the Premier League as of the 2017-18 season.
They were the first English club to win three successive league titles. The birthplace of rugby league was at the George Huddersfield.
Leeds is a city in West Yorkshire, England. Leeds has one of the most diverse economies of all the UK's main employment centres and has seen the fastest rate of private-sector jobs growth of any UK city, it has the highest ratio of private to public sector jobs of all the UK's Core Cities, with 77% of its workforce working in the private sector. Leeds has the third-largest jobs total by local authority area, with 480,000 in employment and self-employment at the beginning of 2015. Leeds is ranked as a gamma world city by World Cities Research Network. Leeds is the cultural and commercial heart of the West Yorkshire Urban Area. Leeds is served by four universities, has the fourth largest student population in the country and the country's fourth largest urban economy. Leeds was a small manorial borough in the 13th century, in the 17th and 18th centuries it became a major centre for the production and trading of wool, in the Industrial Revolution a major mill town. From being a market town in the valley of the River Aire in the 16th century, Leeds expanded and absorbed the surrounding villages to become a populous urban centre by the mid-20th century.
It now lies within the West Yorkshire Urban Area, the United Kingdom's fourth-most populous urban area, with a population of 2.6 million. Today, Leeds has become the largest legal and financial centre, outside London with the financial and insurance services industry worth £13 billion to the city's economy; the finance and business service sector account for 38% of total output with more than 30 national and international banks located in the city, including an office of the Bank of England. Leeds is the UK's third-largest manufacturing centre with around 1,800 firms and 39,000 employees, Leeds manufacturing firms account for 8.8% of total employment in the city and is worth over £7 billion to the local economy. The largest sub-sectors are engineering and publishing, food and drink and medical technology. Other key sectors include retail and the visitor economy and the creative and digital industries; the city saw several firsts, including the oldest-surviving film in existence, Roundhay Garden Scene, the 1767 invention of soda water.
Public transport and road communications networks in the region are focused on Leeds, the second phase of High Speed 2 will connect it to London via East Midlands Hub and Sheffield Meadowhall. Leeds has the third busiest railway station and the tenth busiest airport outside London; the name derives from the old Brythonic word Ladenses meaning "people of the fast-flowing river", in reference to the River Aire that flows through the city. This name referred to the forested area covering most of the Brythonic kingdom of Elmet, which existed during the 5th century into the early 7th century. Bede states in the fourteenth chapter of his Ecclesiastical History, in a discussion of an altar surviving from a church erected by Edwin of Northumbria, that it is located in...regione quae vocatur Loidis. An inhabitant of Leeds is locally known as a word of uncertain origin; the term Leodensian is used, from the city's Latin name. The name has been explained as a derivative of Welsh lloed, meaning "a place".
Leeds developed as a market town in the Middle Ages as part of the local agricultural economy. Before the Industrial Revolution, it became a co-ordination centre for the manufacture of woollen cloth, white broadcloth was traded at its White Cloth Hall. Leeds handled one sixth of England's export trade in 1770. Growth in textiles, was accelerated by the building of the Aire and Calder Navigation in 1699 and the Leeds and Liverpool Canal in 1816. In the late Georgian era, William Lupton, Lord of the Manor of Leeds, was one of a number of central Leeds landowners with the mesne lord title, some of whom, like him, were textile manufacturers. At the time of his death in 1828, Lupton's land in Briggate in central Leeds included a mill, manor house and outbuildings; the railway network constructed around Leeds, starting with the Leeds and Selby Railway in 1834, provided improved communications with national markets and for its development, an east-west connection with Manchester and the ports of Liverpool and Hull giving improved access to international markets.
Alongside technological advances and industrial expansion, Leeds retained an interest in trading in agricultural commodities, with the Corn Exchange opening in 1864. Marshall's Mill was one of the first of many factories constructed in Leeds from around 1790 when the most significant were woollen finishing and flax mills. Manufacturing diversified by 1914 to printing, engineering and clothing manufacture. Decline in manufacturing during the 1930s was temporarily reversed by a switch to producing military uniforms and munitions during World War II. However, by the 1970s, the clothing industry was in irreversible decline, facing cheap foreign competition; the contemporary economy has been shaped by Leeds City Council's vision of building a'24-hour European city' and'capital of the north'. The city has developed from the decay of the post-industrial era to become a telephone banking centre, connected to the electronic infrastructure of the modern global economy. There has been growth in the corporate and legal sectors, increased local affluence has led to an expanding retail sector, including the luxury goods market.
Leeds City Region Enterprise Zone was launched in April 2012 to promote development in four sites along the A63 East Leeds Link Road. Leeds was a manor and townshi
Manchester Victoria station
Manchester Victoria station in Manchester, England is a combined mainline railway station and Metrolink tram stop. Situated to the north of the city centre on Hunts Bank, close to Manchester Cathedral, it adjoins Manchester Arena, constructed on part of the former station site in the 1990s. Opened in 1844 and part of the Manchester station group, Victoria is Manchester's third busiest railway station after Piccadilly and Oxford Road and the second busiest station managed by Northern after Oxford Road; the station hosts local and regional services to destinations in Northern England, such as Blackburn, Bradford, Newcastle, Halifax, Southport and Liverpool using the original Liverpool to Manchester line. Most trains calling at Victoria are operated by Northern. TransPennine Express services call at the station from Liverpool to Newcastle /Scarborough and services towards Manchester Airport from Middlesbrough/Newcastle. Manchester Victoria is a major interchange for the Metrolink light rail system.
Several former railway lines into the station have been converted to tram operation. The line to Bury was converted in the early 1990s in the first phase of Metrolink construction and the line through Oldham to Rochdale was converted during 2009–2014. Trams switch to on-street running when they emerge from Victoria Station and continue southwards through the city centre to Piccadilly or Deansgate-Castlefield. In 2009, Victoria was voted the worst category B interchange station in the United Kingdom; the station underwent a two-year £44 million modernisation programme, completed in August 2015. Renovation entailed electrification of lines through the station, renewed Metrolink stop with an additional platform, restoration of listed features, upgraded retail units, a new roof; the Ordsall Chord directly linking Victoria to Oxford Road and Piccadilly was completed in December 2017. In the Northern Hub proposals, Victoria will become the rail hub for TransPennine Express and Northern Connect services by the end of 2020 with passenger numbers expected to rise to 12 million as a result.
The Manchester and Leeds Railway was founded in 1836 and the company began building its line between Manchester and Leeds in 1837. Its line terminated at Manchester Oldham Road which opened on 3 July 1839; the company realised it would be advantageous to join its line to the Liverpool and Manchester Railway creating a through route from Liverpool to Yorkshire with a joint station serving the centre of Manchester. In 1839 Samuel Brooks, vice-chairman of the M&LR, bought land at Hunt's Bank close to the cathedral and presented it to the company for the new station; the site was on the north bank of the River Irk, between the workhouse to the north which had opened in 1793 and Walker's Croft Cemetery to the south. After several years of negotiations between the companies, work started in 1842; the M&LR built an extension from Miles Platting to the station which opened on 1 January 1844. On this date, the Oldham Road terminus became a goods station; the new station had a 852 ft long single platform which handled M&LR trains to Leeds and elsewhere at its eastern end.
The L&MR extended its line from Ordsall to Victoria and its trains operated from the western end from 4 May 1844, on which date its Liverpool Road station terminus became a goods station. The station was named Victoria in 1843, its long, single-storey building designed by George Stephenson and completed by John Brogden was approached by a wooden footbridge over the River Irk before the river was culverted. Most of the original 1844 station buildings are standing including part of the original façade on Hunt's Bank; the L&MR became part of the Grand Junction Railway in 1845, which in turn amalgamated with other railways to create the London and North Western Railway in 1846, the M&LR amalgamated with other railways to create the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway the following year. The headquarters of the L&YR were based alongside Victoria. By the mid-1840s six railway companies operated from the station connecting Manchester to London, Liverpool and Sheffield. Victoria Station dominated the Long Millgate area and was one of the biggest passenger stations in Britain.
Victoria underwent several phases of expansion. In 1865, four bay platforms were built on the eastern side on land reclaimed from the cemetery, another was built on the western side, a second through platform was built at the northern side, the station's facilities were expanded by the construction of a new east wing of the station building. Two decades the L&YR purchased the workhouse north of the station and its site was used to build another bay and five through platforms which came into use in 1884; that same year, the LNWR opened its own station, Manchester Exchange to the west on the opposite side of the River Irwell, vacated Victoria. Victoria reached its maximum extent of 17 platforms in 1904 when the station was enlarged with extra bay platforms to the south; the present station façade, designed by William Dawes, was built in 1909. The cast-iron train sheds behind the façade were 700 yards long; because the station handled large amounts of parcel and newspaper traffic, an overhead parcels carrier system was constructed in 1895.
It consisted of an electrically powered trolley suspended from an overhead track operated by an airborne attendant. A large basket could be raised and lowered from the trolley to distribute parcels and newspapers across the station; the system operated until 1940. The L&YR merged with the LNWR on 1 January 1922. A year the merged company became the largest constituent of the London and Scottish Railway. F
The Huddersfield line is one of the busiest rail lines on the West Yorkshire MetroTrain network in Northern England. Local services are operated by Northern with longer distance services operated by TransPennine Express; the line connects Huddersfield with Manchester, Manchester Airport and Liverpool. The route travels south-south west from Leeds through Dewsbury. After a short westward stretch through Mirfield, it continues south west through Huddersfield, using the River Colne valley to its headwaters; the long Standedge Tunnel just after Marsden crosses under the watershed and the majority of the run down to Manchester is in the Tame valley. After Manchester, the line reaches the Liverpool and Manchester Railway line over Chat Moss to Liverpool; the Government announced in November 2011 that this route would be electrified, electrification is scheduled to be completed by 2022, though not all the route will now be electrified. At the time of the 1923 Grouping most of the route followed by the line was over London and North Western Railway metals, the exception being a short stretch around Mirfield, the property of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway.
The first section of the line, between Huddersfield and Stalybridge, was opened by the Manchester and Leeds Railway on 1 August 1849. The line became part of the London and Scottish Railway after 1923; the route was furnished with an additional two tracks in 1894, thus giving four tracks between Stalybridge and Leeds. The loss of traffic through the second half of the 20th century saw these cut back to just two lines and the closure of the Micklehurst loop; the length of the line between Manchester Victoria and Holbeck Junction at Leeds is 49 miles, though the Transpennine upgrade work covers the additional section to York which accounts for 76 miles. Metro pre-paid tickets and concessionary fares are available between Marsden. Transport for Greater Manchester fares are available for the Greenfield-Manchester section. Several of the intermediate stations listed were closed in the 1960s. All stations that are still open are in bold: Leeds Copley Hill Goods Farnley and Wortley Cottingley Churwell Morley Batley Staincliffe & Batley Carr Dewsbury: Dewsbury Ravensthorpe was named Ravensthorpe and Thornhill here is Dewsbury Junction with the L&YR.
Trains from Wakefield join the Huddersfield line here, giving connections from the Pontefract and Wakefield lines. Mirfield L&YR junctions here to Low Moor and Halifax: the service from the Huddersfield Line operates to Brighouse Heaton Lodge/Heckmondwike Junctions return the route to the ex-LNWR line Bradley Deighton Huddersfield: served by the Caldervale and Penistone lines; the railway station here was YR joint owned. Here is Springwood Tunnel and Springwood Junction for the trains on the Penistone line Longwood and Milnsbridge Golcar Slaithwaite Marsden Standedge Tunnel: three parallel tunnels, two single-line, one double, 5,340 yards in length Diggle Diggle Junction with line to Stalybridge via Friezland Saddleworth Moorgate Greenfield Mossley Stalybridge Ashton-under-Lyne Manchester Victoria Manchester Piccadilly Manchester Airport Irlam Manchester Oxford Road Birchwood Warrington Central Hunts Cross Liverpool Lime Street TransPennine Express operate the majority of the passenger services over the line as it is the core line linking the North West with Yorkshire and the North East.
Since privatisation in the 1990s, local services on the route have been operated by the Northern franchise. The first incarnation, Arriva Trains Northern operated the express services between Liverpool, Leeds, York and Newcastle before the Strategic Rail Authority spun the express train services off into a separate franchise, now run by TransPennine Express. At the May 2018 timetable change, the Northern services calling at the smaller stations on the section between Greater Manchester and Huddersfield, were transferred to TPE and combined into an hourly Manchester Piccadilly to Leeds service; this saw many of the TPE services diverted away from the Guide Bridge to Manchester Piccadilly corridor, so that through trains could use the newly opened Ordsall Chord. However, Northern still operate local services from Huddersfield to Sheffield and Wakefield. Due to the change of line on the through Manchester services, the Liverpool trains no longer run on the line through Warrington Central, but instead travel via Newton-le-Willows.
TPE provide six trains per hour in both directions between Leeds. Network rail state that this will include doubling the track in some places and upgrading stations as well as some of the intended Transpennine electrification programme; the electrification has been curtailed in parts and as such, the sections between Stalybridge and Huddersfield, a further section of 12 miles east of Leeds will not be electrified. Emphasis has been placed on the Bi-Modal power of
Wakefield Kirkgate railway station
Wakefield Kirkgate railway station is a railway station in Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England. Unlike the nearby Wakefield Westgate railway station, Kirkgate is unstaffed; the station is managed by Northern but served by Grand Central. It is on the Hallam and Huddersfield lines, it has a limited number of services to London King's Cross. The original Kirkgate station opened by the Manchester and Leeds Railway in 1840 was the only station in Wakefield until Westgate was opened in 1867; the railway station building dates from 1854. Some demolition work took place in 1972, removing buildings on the island platform and the roof with its original ironwork canopy which covered the whole station. A wall remains as evidence of these buildings. After this, Kirkgate was listed in 1979. Since Westgate developed as Wakefield's main railway station, Kirkgate was neglected for many years and deteriorated until it was in a poor state of repair. In January 2008 the former goods warehouse was demolished to make way for a depot for Network Rail.
In October 2008, part of the station wall collapsed. The station is unstaffed and, despite the presence of CCTV, it suffered from crime. A rape, a serious assault and several robberies took place there. In July 2009, Kirkgate station was visited by Secretary of State for Transport Lord Adonis who dubbed it "the worst medium-large station in Britain". Local consensus was. Following a campaign supported by the Wakefield Express newspaper, plans to redevelop the station were formulated. In July 2011, Wakefield Council was asked to decide upon a £500,000 grant to the environmental regeneration charity Groundwork UK as part of its £4 million Kirkgate project in which new life would be breathed into the area; the proposal was approved and funds raised in March 2013. The work was carried out in two phases between 2013 and 2015. Work completed by June 2013 included the following items: Removal of life-expired and unused canopies Refurbishment and reglazing of the Leeds-bound canopy Creation of new entrances to the subway Installation of electronic information screens on the platforms and entrance hallA second phase of work, completed in September 2015, included Units for new businesses Café Retail outlet Exhibition spaces Meeting rooms for community and local business Accommodation for Groundwork WakefieldGrand Central opened a first class lounge for its customers in April 2017.
A pub outside the station, the Wakefield Arms, a Grade II listed building has been closed since 2003. The building contributes to the run-down atmosphere of the area; the derelict state of the pub led to Wakefield Council issuing a Section 215 notice under the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 ordering the owner to make improvements, but as of December 2016 no action has been taken. Figures for annual passenger usage at Kirkgate have been comparatively low, with only 769 tickets sold to/from the station in the 2006/07 financial year; this is because most tickets are bought to Wakefield Stations, it is hard to determine the true use of both Wakefield Westgate and Kirkgate, as separate entities. However, after changes in the way the statistics are split, Kirkgate's usage figure has increased to a value which more reflects its true usage. Additionally over 61,000 interchanges were recorded during the same period. Platform 1 – Served by northbound Northern services to Leeds and Castleford, by services to and from Huddersfield.
Platform 2 – Served by southbound Northern services towards Barnsley, Meadowhall Interchange, Sheffield and Nottingham. Platform 3 – Served by north-eastbound Northern services towards Knottingley, westbound to Wakefield Westgate and Leeds and several times each day by Grand Central eastbound towards London King's Cross and westbound towards Bradford Interchange via Halifax; the island platform consisting of platforms 2 and 3, is linked to platform 1 and the station building by a newly refurbished subway, featuring better lighting and new bright white paint. Art panels were added to the subway in February 2017, a brass band rendition of'Jerusalem' plays in the background. Most services through this station are operated by Northern but those to London and Bradford are operated by Grand Central. Hallam Line – There are three trains per hour to Leeds and to Sheffield, two express and one stopping service, with the latter running via Castleford. Huddersfield Line – There is an hourly service from and to Huddersfield with no Sunday service.
Pontefract Line – There is an hourly service between Leeds and Knottingley railway station via Pontefract Monkhill with a two-hourly service on Sundays. Leeds to Nottingham – There is an hourly service every day in both directions, via Barnsley and Chesterfield. Leeds to Lincoln - There is an hourly service every day in both directions, via Barnsley and Worksop. Bradford Interchange to London King's Cross – There are four trains in each direction per day. London trains travel via Doncaster and those to Bradford go via Mirfield and the Caldervale Line. From December 2019, services to Nottingham will begin operating via Wakefield Westgate, meaning they no longer stop here; this change is part of the new Northern Connect service, from here on, Kirkgate will be served by an hourly train to Lincoln Central via Sheffield and Retford. These services will be operated by brand new rolling stock. During the summer, excursion trains using heritage rolling stock run through the station.
West Yorkshire Metro
Metro is the passenger information brand used by the West Yorkshire Combined Authority in England. It was formed on 1 April 1974 as the West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive at the same time as the metropolitan county of West Yorkshire; the Metro brand has been used from the outset, since the formal abolition of the WYPTE on 1 April 2014, it has been the public facing name of the organisation. The transport authority of West Yorkshire, responsible for setting transport policy, is the West Yorkshire Combined Authority; the WYCA is responsible for delivery of transport policies. Metro is a public transport brand of the West Yorkshire Combined Authority which is, through its transport committee, the transport authority for West Yorkshire, it replaced the West Yorkshire Integrated Transport Authority on 1 April 2014. The West Yorkshire County Council was the transport authority from 1 April 1974 until 1 April 1986, it was replaced by the West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Authority, made up of elected councillors from the districts of West Yorkshire.
The West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Authority was renamed the West Yorkshire Integrated Transport Authority following the Local Transport Act 2008. The Metro brand was adopted in 1988. Buses are operated by private companies, with early morning, late evening and rural services supported by Metro. There is a special rural bus section, which promotes a combination of minor local links and major long distance routes. On 1 April 1974, the West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive was created by merging the municipal bus fleets of Bradford City Transport, Leeds City Transport, Huddersfield Joint Omnibus Committee and Halifax Joint Omnibus Committee, which earlier in the 1970s swallowed up Todmorden Joint Omnibus Committee; the operation was divided into four districts and a new livery of cream and verona green replaced the Bradford light blue & cream, Huddersfield red & cream, Leeds two-tone green and Halifax & Calderdale orange, green & cream. Created following the Local Government Act 1972, the Executive had to operate within the policy guidelines of the County Council Public Transport Committee, coordinating the operation of all public transport in the county.
The Executive inherited 1,500 buses along with 6,000 staff and the associated garages and street furniture. The Executive relinquished ownership of local buses following the Transport Act 1985, creating arms-length operating companies, it continued to coordinate public transport as the West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Authority when the metropolitan county was abolished in 1986. New buses were purchased in large numbers at the outset. In 1976 Baddeley Brothers of Holmfirth was purchased providing the PTE with additional coaching and stage-carriage duties. In 1980 the Baddeley Brothers business was disposed of, although the Metrocoach operation was retained. In 1976 modifications were made to the livery. There were three stripes at the sides of the destination box, which wrapped round to the sides and swept down; this took time to apply, a trial was made with one thin line. In 1977 the lines were removed and the green area at the skirting of was raised up, so there was more green; the other change was the fleet name to MetroBus in 1976, removing the district names.
On 25 April 1977, the PTE acquired the old-established Kinsley based United Services from WR & P Bingley. As well as providing the PTE with more coaching operations, this took it into an area of West Yorkshire where it had had no presence. United Services was maintained as a separate subsidiary and retained its distinctive blue livery, whilst a new livery of red & ivory was adopted for the PTE's coaches, which operated under the "Metrocoach" banner, with brown added for "Metrocoach Executive". Bingley's depot received double-deckers transferred from the Leeds District. In early 1981 a reorganisation of operating districts was implemented with the East District becoming responsible for the Leeds depots and United Services, whilst the West District took control of Bradford, Halifax and Huddersfield. Three new Leyland National 2s were acquired in blue livery. In July 1981, MetroBus and the National Bus Company formed a new integrated transport system known as the "Metro-National Transport Company Limited".
All PTE and NBC buses began to appear with a new emblem, which consisted of the MetroBus WY's in one box and the NBC "double N" or "N-blem" appearing in another to the right of the PTE emblem, lower. The boxes were linked to show the integration, they appeared with MetroBus fleetnames with "The easy way from here to there in West Yorkshire". The new "Metrobus" fleetname being applied not only to PTE owned vehicles on which WYPTE lettering was carried beneath the fleet name, but buses of NBC subsidiaries West Yorkshire Road Car Company, West Riding Automobile Company, Yorkshire Woollen Transport Company and Yorkshire Traction, carrying "West Yorkshire", "West Riding", "Yorkshire" and "Yorkshire Traction" names below the Metrobus name; some years some of those buses were repainted into the PTEs verona cream and buttermilk livery so as to present a corporate image. From this date the "WY" logo on the front of buses was replaced by the "Metro-National" emblem in mid-1983, to celebrate 100 years of public transport in Huddersfield, MetroBus paint two vehicles in old liveries: Leyland Atlanteans carried Huddersfield Corporation red livery and Huddersfield Corporation Tramways livery.
They became "Building on a Great Tradition" vehicles and were in those liveries until the late 1990s. Deregulation occurred on 2