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Rawal (also spelled Raval) or Raol originally is a (regional) variation -like Rawat- of the Hindi princely ruler title Ra(d)ja(h) (literally "king"[1]) used in some princely states in Rajputana and Western India (notably Gujarat), and is now also used as a caste designation or surname by several communities in Southern Asia. Rawal caste is mentioned at 50th number in the scheduled caste list of Rajasthan.

Princely titles[edit]

The sovereign king of Jumla Kingdom and founder of the Kallala dynasty, Balirāja took the royal title of Rāulā.[2]

Notable (but non-salute) states using this title for their ruling prince were, both under the colonial Mahi Kantha Agency (in the third -high- of seven classes of states) and in present Gujarat:


The title Maharawal ("Great Rawal") derives from the Sanskrit Maharajakula, and was used by the Guhila rulers in the 13th century;[3] this 'Western' equivalent of the higher (gradually deflated) Hindi title Maharaja (literally 'great king') was notably used by three salute states in Rajputana (presently in Rajasthan), all entitled to a (high-ranking) Hereditary gun salute of 15-guns :

and one in Gujarat, entitled to a (rather low-ranking) Hereditary salute of 9-guns (11-guns personal) :

As a surname[edit]

As a surname, "Rawal" is found among multiple communities in India and Nepal:

Individuals named Rawal or Raval[edit]

People with the title or surname Rawal include (in alphabetical order):

Other uses[edit]

Groups of people



  1. ^ Lindsey Harlan (1992). Religion and Rajput Women: The Ethic of Protection in Contemporary Narratives. University of California Press. p. 28. ISBN 978-0-520-07339-5.
  2. ^ Surya Mani Adhikary (1997). The Khaśa kingdom: a trans-Himalayan empire of the middle age. Nirala. ISBN 978-81-85693-50-7.
  3. ^ Kalyan Kumar Ganguli (1983). Cultural History Of Rajasthan. Sundeep Prakashan. p. 120. OCLC 461886025. ...the ruling prince Ratna Simha is found to have been qualified in his inscription as a Maharajakula coloqualised as Maharawal.
  4. ^ a b A. N. Bharadwaj (1994). History and culture of Himalayan Gujjars. Jay Kay Book House.
  5. ^ S. R. Maitra (1998). K. S. Singh (ed.). People of India: Rajasthan. Popular Prakashan. pp. 811–814. ISBN 978-81-7154-769-2.
  6. ^ James G. Lochtefeld (2002). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism: A-M; the Rosen Publishing Group. p. 78. ISBN 978-0-8239-3179-8.
  7. ^ J. P. Singh Rana (1997). Himalayan Heritage. M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd. p. 8. ISBN 978-81-7533-026-9.
  8. ^ Gopal Krishna (2003). K. S. Singh (ed.). People of India: Gujarat. XXII. Popular Prakashan. pp. 1194–1197. ISBN 978-81-7991-106-8.
  9. ^ S. P. Agrawal; J. C. Aggarwal (1991). Educational and Social Uplift of Backward Classes: At what Cost and How? : Mandal Commission and After. Concept Publishing Company. p. 227. ISBN 978-81-7022-339-9.
  10. ^ T. N. Madan (1 July 1995). Muslim communities of South Asia: culture, society, and power. Manohar in association with the Book Review Literary Trust. p. 132. ISBN 978-81-7304-090-0.
  11. ^ The Ranking of Brotherhoods: The Dialectics of Muslim Caste among Oversees Pakistanis by Pnina Werbner pages 103 to 145 in Muslim Communities of South Asia by T N Madam Manohar publications 1995 page 127
  12. ^ https://books.google.com.np/books?id=YnEdAAAAMAAJ&q=rawal+surname+chhetri&dq=rawal+surname+chhetri&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjz9K31pbjXAhULvY8KHTDuDNQQ6AEIJDAC

External links[edit]