Reading is a city in and the county seat of Berks County, United States. With a population of 88,495 as of the 2018 U. S. Census Estimates, it is the fifth-largest city in Pennsylvania. Located in the southeastern part of the state, it is the principal city of the Greater Reading Area, home to 420,152 residents, is furthermore included in the greater Delaware Valley. According to the 2010 census, Reading had the highest share of citizens living in poverty in the nation for cities with populations of more than 65,000. Reading's poverty rate fell over the next decade. Reading's poverty rate in the 2018 five-year American Community survey showed that 35.4% of the city's residents were below the poverty line, or less "than the infamous 41.3% from 2011, when Reading was declared the poorest small city in the nation."The city, halfway between the state's most populous city and the state capital, Harrisburg, is strategically situated along a major transportation route from Central to Eastern Pennsylvania, lent its name to the now-defunct Reading Railroad, which transported anthracite coal from the Pennsylvania Coal Region to the eastern United States via the Port of Philadelphia.
Reading Railroad is one of the four railroad properties in the classic United States version of the Monopoly board game. Reading was one of the first localities, it has been known as "The Pretzel City", because of numerous local pretzel bakeries. Bachman, Tom Sturgis, Unique Pretzel bakeries call the Reading area home. In recent years, the Reading area has become a destination for cyclists. With more than 125 miles of trails in five major preserves, it is an International Mountain Bicycling Association Ride Center and held the Reading Radsport Festival on September 8–9, 2017. Lenni Lenape people known as "Delaware Indians", were the original inhabitants of the Reading area; the Colony of Pennsylvania was a 1680 land grant from King Charles II of England to William Penn. Comprising more than 45,000 square miles, it was named for Sir William Penn.. In 1743, Richard and Thomas Penn mapped out the town of Reading with Conrad Weiser. Taking its name from Reading, England, the town was established in 1748.
Upon the creation of Berks County in 1752, Reading became the county seat. The region was settled by emigrants from southern and western Germany, who bought land from the Penns; the first Amish community in the New World was established in Berks County. The Pennsylvanian German dialect was spoken in the area well into the 1950s. During the French and Indian War, Reading was a military base for a chain of forts along the Blue Mountain. By the time of the American Revolution, the area's iron industry had a total production exceeding England's. There were several prominent Ironmasters like Samuel Van Leer who helped supply George Washington's troops with cannons and ammunition in the Revolutionary War. During the early period of the conflict, Reading was again a depot for military supply. Hessian prisoners from the Battle of Trenton were detained here. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania was the capital of the United States at the time of the Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1793. President Washington traveled to Reading, considered making it the emergency national capital, but chose Germantown instead.
Susanna Cox was tried and convicted for infanticide in Reading in 1809. Her case attracted tremendous sympathy. Census data showed that, from 1810 to 1950, Reading was among the nation's top one hundred largest urban places; the Schuylkill Canal, a north–south canal completed in 1825, paralleled the Schuylkill River and connected Reading with Philadelphia and the Delaware River. The Union Canal, an east–west canal completed in 1828, connected the Schuylkill and Susquehanna Rivers, ran from Reading to Middletown, Pennsylvania, a few miles south of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Railroads forced the abandonment of the canals by the 1880s; the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad was incorporated in 1833. During the Long Depression following the Panic of 1873, a statewide railroad strike in 1877 over delayed wages led to a violent protest and clash with the National Guard in which six Reading men were killed. Following more than a century of prosperity, the Reading Company was forced to file for bankruptcy protection in 1971.
The bankruptcy was a result of dwindling coal shipping revenues and strict government regulations that denied railroads the ability to set competitive prices, required high taxes, forced the railroads to continue to operate money-losing passenger service lines. On April 1, 1976, the Reading Company sold its current railroad interests to the newly formed Consolidated Railroad Corporation; the Charles Evans Cemetery is the non-sectarian cemetery where many of the city's prominent business and community leaders have been buried since the cemetery's opening in the 1840s. Established through the donation of land by Reading attorney and philanthropist Charles Evans and a subsequent financial endowment upon his death in 1847, which provided for future improvements to the grounds, the cemetery became a primary gathering point for annual Memorial Day activities from the late 19th through the late 20th centuries due to the presence of the Grand Army of the Republic monument, dedicated there in 1887.
Early in the 20th century, the city participated in the burgeoning automobile and motorcycle industry as home to the pioneer "Brass Era" companies, Daniels Motor Company, Duryea Motor Wagon Company and Reading-Standard Company. Reading experienced continuous growth until th
Louis Aliot is a French politician, a lawyer by profession, the vice president of the National Rally since 16 January 2011. A member of the FN Executive Office, Executive Committee and Central Committee, Aliot has been a regional councillor since 1998 and a municipal councillor of Perpignan. Aliot was born in Toulouse, Haute-Garonne, to a family of ethnic French and Algerian Jewish heritage, who had resided in Algeria. In the 1998 French regional elections, he was elected regional councillor of the Midi-Pyrénées and represented the department of Haute-Garonne during six years, he became a close collaborator of FN leader Jean-Marie Le Pen and played an active role in Le Pen's 2002 electoral campaign. He was sent to Perpignan to re-launch a divided and weakened FN federation. In the 2004 regional elections, he led the FN list in the Midi-Pyrénées and polled 11.78% in the first round and 12.06% in the run-off with eight regional councillors elected. He has been a president of the FN group in the regional council during six years.
In the 2008 municipal elections, he led the FN list in Perpignan, polling 12.29% in the first round and 10.42% in the run-off with two municipal councillors elected. His result was one of the few good results for the FN. In the 2009 municipal by-election, he again led the FN list but lost his municipal seat in the first round. Since June 2009, the FN is not represented in the municipal council of Perpignan. In order to take part in the run-off, a municipal list must cross the minimal threshold of 10% of the valid votes. In the 2009 European elections, he led the FN list in the South-West France constituency. Polling 5.94%, he was not elected as MEP. In the 2010 regional elections, he led the departmental list in the Pyrénées-Orientales whereas France Jamet led the regional list in the Languedoc-Roussillon. Polling 13.64% in the first round, his list achieved 19.99% in the run-off with two councillors elected in the Pyrénées-Orientales. After having sat during twelve years in the regional council of Midi-Pyrénées, he has been a regional councillor in the Languedoc-Roussillon since March 2010.
On 14 March 2011, Louis Aliot and Mario Borghezio MEP accompanied Marine Le Pen MEP during her stay in Lampedusa island. On 15 March 2011, they together took part in an international press conference in Rome. In the 2011 cantonal elections, he was the FN candidate in the urban canton of Perpignan-9. Polling 34.61%, he won the first round by a large margin. Despite an increase of 11.63% in the second round, he was defeated by the Socialist candidate supported by the UMP. During the 2012 presidential election, Aliot was the operational head of Marine Le Pen's campaign and one of her spokesmen. One of his most notable trips was to Israel in December 2011 to meet local politicians and French citizens to establish links, he was, along with Florian Philippot, a spokesman for the party in the legislative elections. In the Pyrénées-Orientales' 1st constituency, he gathered 24.13% of votes in the first runoff, facing the candidates of the Union for a Popular Movement and the miscellaneous left, but he ended up in the third position with 23.24% in the second round.
Regional councillor of Languedoc-Roussillon: since 26 March 2010 Regional councillor of Midi-Pyrénées: 15 March 1998 – 21 March 2010 Municipal councillor of Perpignan: 23 March 2008 – 21 June 2009
Munna Simon is an Indian film actor, who has notably appeared in Tamil films. He has acted in Gaurisankaram, Kandein Kadhalai and Raavanan, his initial films such as Pallavan and Unnai Enakku Pudichirukku were unsuccessful films as they failed to create any impact at the box office. He gained attention with the 2008 low-budget thriller Silandhi, following it up with the successful Kandein Kadhalai, appearing alongside Bharath and Tamannaah Bhatia. Subsequently, he was signed by Indian director Mani Ratnam to enact a supporting role in his magnum opus Raavanan, along with prominent film artists Chiyaan Vikram, Aishwarya Rai Bachchan, Prithviraj Sukumaran and Priyamani. Munna is the nephew of Malayalam actress Jayabharathi, he graduated from U. C College and further studied physiotherapy in the School of Medical education Angamaly. Munna's only brother Dominic Simon died of Pneumonia on 20 May 2013. Dominic was doing M. Sc in visual communications in SRM College Chennai, he married Thrissur-based Betty Mary on 7 February 2010.
Munna on IMDb