Paul Gardner Allen is an American business magnate and philanthropist. He is best known as the co-founder of Microsoft, alongside Bill Gates, as of August 2016, he was estimated to be the 40th richest person in the world, with an estimated net worth of $18.6 billion. Allen is the founder and Chairman of Vulcan Inc. which manages his various business, Allen has a multibillion-dollar investment portfolio including technology and media companies, real estate holdings, and stakes in other companies. He owns two sports teams, the Seattle Seahawks of the National Football League and the Portland Trail Blazers of the National Basketball Association. He is part-owner of the Seattle Sounders FC, which joined Major League Soccer in 2009 and he is the founder of Allen Institute for Brain Science, Institute for Artificial Intelligence, Institute for Cell Science, and Vulcan Aerospace. Paul Allen was born on January 21,1953 in Seattle, Washington to Kenneth Sam Allen, Allen attended Lakeside School, a private school in Seattle, where he befriended Bill Gates, three years younger, with whom he shared an enthusiasm for computers.
They used Lakesides Teletype terminal to develop their skills on several time-sharing computer systems. Allen convinced Gates to drop out of Harvard University in order to create Microsoft, Gates explained his official status with Harvard that. if things hadnt worked out, I could always go back to school. In Albuquerque, New Mexico, Paul Allen with his friend Bill Gates, in 1975, Allen came up with the original name of Micro-Soft, as recounted in a 1995 Fortune magazine article. As a result of this transaction, Microsoft was able to secure a contract to supply the DOS that would run on IBMs PC line. This contract with IBM was the watershed in Microsoft history that led to Allens and Gates wealth, Allen effectively left Microsoft in 1982 due to serious illness. Vulcan Capital is an investment-arm of Allens Seattle-based Vulcan Inc. which manages his personal fortune, in 2013, Allen opened a new Vulcan Capital office in Palo Alto, California to focus on making new investments in emerging technology and internet companies.
Recent investments include Redfin, Decide. com and Audience Inc, Paul Allen holds 43 patents from the United States Patent and Trademark Office. The startup behind the mobile app Saga, SportStream, an app for sports fans. Ticketmaster, In 1993, Paul Allen invested $243 million to acquire 80% of Ticketmaster, in 1997, Home Shopping Network acquired 47. 5% of Allens stock in exchange for $209 million worth of their own stock. Allen confirmed that he was the investor behind Burt Rutans Scaled Composites SpaceShipOne suborbital commercial spacecraft on October 4,2004. SpaceShipOne climbed to an altitude of 377,591 feet and was the first privately funded effort to put a civilian in suborbital space. It won the Ansari X Prize competition and received the $10 million prize, on December 13,2011, Allen announced the creation of Stratolaunch Systems
Los Angeles Clippers
The Los Angeles Clippers, often abbreviated as the LA Clippers, are an American professional basketball team based in Los Angeles. The Clippers compete in the National Basketball Association as a club of the leagues Western Conference Pacific Division. The franchise was founded in 1970 as the Buffalo Braves, one of three teams to join the NBA that year. The Braves moved from Buffalo, New York to San Diego in 1978, in 1984, the Clippers moved to Los Angeles. Through much of its history, the failed to see significant regular season or playoff success. The Clippers fortunes turned in the early 2010s with the acquisition of core players Blake Griffin, DeAndre Jordan, and Chris Paul. In 2013, the franchise won its first division title, as the made the playoffs for the ninth time in franchise history. They repeated as champions in 2014. They played their games at the Buffalo Memorial Auditorium, along with another Buffalo team that would begin play that year. After two bad seasons, the Braves fortunes started to change under coach Jack Ramsay and star forward/center Bob McAdoo, McAdoo led the NBA in scoring three consecutive seasons and was named the leagues MVP in the 1974–75 season.
The Braves qualified for the three times in a row, losing thrice to the eventual Eastern Conference champions. As a result, after an attempt to sell the team to an owner who intended to move it to South Florida. Brown, Jr. who decimated the roster, traded away all of its stars. Eventually in 1978, Brown dealt with Celtics owner Irv Levin so they would trade franchise ownerships, southern California resident Levin decided to move the Braves to San Diego, something the league would have never allowed him to do with the Celtics. In 1978, San Diego welcomed the relocation of the Buffalo Braves franchise because the city had lost their Rockets to Houston seven years earlier, when the Clippers moved to Los Angeles in 1984, they kept their nickname. Playing at the San Diego Sports Arena, the Clippers posted a record of 43–39 in their first season in California under new head coach Gene Shue and it would be the Clippers last winning season for 13 years. It was in that first season in southern California that long-time announcer Ralph Lawler began his association with the club.
The 1979–80 season saw the Clippers begin to struggle despite adding center Bill Walton, Walton missed 68 games due to foot injuries
In consumer theory, substitute goods or substitutes are products that a consumer perceives as similar or comparable, so that having more of one product makes them desire less of the other product. Formally, X and Y are substitutes if, when the price of X rises, there are different degrees of substitutability. For example, a car and a bicycle may substitute to some extent, if the price of fuel increases considerably. In economics, one way that two or more goods can be classified is by examining the relationship of the demand schedules when the price of one good changes and this relationship between demand schedules leads to classification of goods as either substitutes or complements. Substitute goods are goods which, as a result of changed conditions, a substitute good, in contrast to a complementary good, is a good with a positive cross elasticity of demand. This means a goods demand is increased when the price of good is increased. Conversely, the demand for a good is decreased when the price of good is decreased.
If goods A and B are substitutes, an increase in the price of A will result in a movement along the demand curve of A. A decrease in the price of A will result in a movement along the demand curve of A. Examples of substitute goods include margarine and butter and coffee, substitute goods not only occur on the consumer side of the market but the producer side. Substitutable producer goods would include and natural gas, the degree to which a good has a perfect substitute depends on how specifically the good is defined. Take for example, the demand for Rice Krispies cereal, which is a narrowly defined good as compared to the demand for cereal generally. An increase in price will result in an increase in demand for its substitute goods, if two goods have a high substitutability, the change in demand will be much greater. It is important to note that when speaking about substitute goods one is referring to two different kinds of goods, so the substitutability of one good for another is always a matter of degree.
One good is a substitute for another only if it can be used in exactly the same way. In microeconomics, two types of substitutes are being distinguished, gross substitutes and net substitutes, substitutes differ with respect to their category membership. Within-category substitutes are goods that are members of the taxonomic category. Cross-category substitutes are goods that are members of different taxonomic categories, a person who cannot have the chocolate that she desires, for example, might instead buy ice cream to satisfy her goal to have a dessert
40 Wall Street
40 Wall Street, known as the Trump Building, is a 71-story skyscraper between Nassau Street and William Street in Manhattan, New York City. The structure was completed in 1930 after 11 months of construction, the building was designed by H. Craig Severance, along with Yasuo Matsui, and Shreve & Lamb. Caldwell & Co. designed the lighting, Der Scutt of Der Scutt Architect designed the lobby and entrance renovation. Its pinnacle reaches 927 feet and was briefly the tallest building in the world. Construction of the Bank of Manhattan Building at 40 Wall Street began in 1928, with a height of 840 feet, making it 135 feet taller than the nearby Woolworth Building. More importantly, the plans were designed to be two feet taller than the Chrysler Building, which was in a competition to be the worlds tallest building. However, this turned out to be short-lived. Uptown at 405 Lexington Avenue, the Chrysler Building developers were in the works to top 40 Wall Street, once completed on May 28,1930, the Chrysler Building surpassed 40 Wall Street as the tallest building in the world, fulfilling Chryslers dream.
On the evening of May 20,1946, a United States Army Air Forces Beechcraft C-45F Expediter airplane crashed into the side of the building. The twin-engined plane was heading for Newark Airport on a flight originating at Lake Charles Army Air Field in Louisiana. It struck the 58th floor of the building at about 8,10 PM, creating a 20-by-10-foot hole in the masonry, the fuselage and the wing of the splintered plane fell and caught onto the 12th story ledge. Fog and low visibility were identified as the causes of the crash. At the time of the accident, LaGuardia Field reported a heavy fog that reduced the ceiling to 500 feet, the cause of that crash was fog and poor visibility. In 1982, Joseph J. and Ralph E. Bernstein purchased 40 Wall Street and were found to be acting on behalf of Ferdinand E. Marcos. When Marcos was removed from power and his assets in the United States were frozen, in 1995, after years of neglect,40 Wall Street was purchased by future President of the United States, Donald Trump and renamed The Trump Building.
He planned to convert the upper half of it to residential space, the cost of converting it to residential space proved to be too high, and it remains 100% commercial space. He tried to sell the building in 2003, expecting offers in excess of $300 million, in the ninth episode of the fourth season of The Apprentice, Trump claimed he only paid $1 million for the building, but that it was actually worth $400 million. This episode aired November 17,2005, trumps legal advisor, George H. Ross, restated this claim in a 2005 book
Quakers are members of a historically Christian group of religious movements generally known as the Religious Society of Friends. They include those with evangelical, holiness and traditional Quaker understandings of Christianity, to differing extents, the different movements that make up the Religious Society of Friends/Friends Church avoid creeds and hierarchical structures. In 2007, there were about 359,000 adult Quakers, in 2012, there were 377,055 adult Quakers. Some meetings of both types have Recorded Ministers in their meetings—Friends recognised for their gift of vocal ministry, the first Quakers lived in mid-17th century England. The movement arose from the Legatine-Arians and other dissenting Protestant groups, some of these early Quaker ministers were women. They emphasized a personal and direct experience of Christ, acquired through both direct religious experience and the reading and studying of the Bible. Quakers focused their private life on developing behaviour and speech reflecting emotional purity, in the past, Quakers were known for their use of thee as an ordinary pronoun, refusal to participate in war, plain dress, refusal to swear oaths, opposition to slavery, and teetotalism. & J.
Clark and the big three British confectionery makers Cadbury and Frys, and philanthropic efforts, including abolition of slavery, prison reform and after the English Civil War many dissenting Christian groups emerged, including the Seekers and others. A young man named George Fox was dissatisfied with the teachings of the Church of England and he had a vision on Pendle Hill in Lancashire, England, in which he believed that the Lord let me see in what places he had a great people to be gathered. Following this he travelled around England, the Netherlands, and Barbados preaching and teaching with the aim of converting new adherents to his faith, the central theme of his Gospel message was that Christ has come to teach his people himself. His followers considered themselves to be the restoration of the true Christian church, in 1650, Fox was brought before the magistrates Gervase Bennet and Nathaniel Barton, on a charge of religious blasphemy. According to George Foxs autobiography, Bennet was the first that called us Quakers and it is thought that George Fox was referring to Isaiah 66,2 or Ezra 9,4.
Thus, the name Quaker began as a way of ridiculing George Foxs admonition, Quakerism gained a considerable following in England and Wales, and the numbers increased to a peak of 60,000 in England and Wales by 1680. This was relaxed after the Declaration of Indulgence and stopped under the Act of Toleration 1689, with the restructuring of the family and household came new roles for women and Fell viewed the Quaker mother as essential to developing holy conversation in her children and husband. Quaker women were responsible for the spirituality of the larger community, coming together in meetings that regulated marriage. The persecution of Quakers in North America began in 1656 when English Quaker missionaries Mary Fisher and they were considered heretics because of their insistence on individual obedience to the Inner Light. They were imprisoned and banished by the Massachusetts Bay Colony and their books were burned, and most of their property was confiscated. They were imprisoned in terrible conditions, deported, in 1660, English Quaker Mary Dyer was hanged on Boston Common for repeatedly defying a Puritan law banning Quakers from the colony
He was an early advocate of democracy and religious freedom, notable for his good relations and successful treaties with the Lenape Native Americans. Under his direction, the city of Philadelphia was planned and developed, in 1681, King Charles II handed over a large piece of his American land holdings to William Penn to appease the debts the king owed to Penns father. This land included present-day Pennsylvania and Delaware, Penn immediately set sail and took his first step on American soil in New Castle in 1682 after his trans-Atlantic journey. On this occasion, the colonists pledged allegiance to Penn as their new proprietor, Penn journeyed up the Delaware River and founded Philadelphia. However, Penns Quaker government was not viewed favourably by the Dutch and they had no historical allegiance to Pennsylvania, so they almost immediately began petitioning for their own assembly. In 1704 they achieved their goal when the three southernmost counties of Pennsylvania were permitted to split off and become the new colony of Lower Delaware.
As the most prominent and influential city in the new colony, as one of the earlier supporters of colonial unification, Penn wrote and urged for a union of all the English colonies in what was to become the United States of America. The democratic principles that he set forth in the Pennsylvania Frame of Government served as an inspiration for the United States Constitution, as a pacifist Quaker, Penn considered the problems of war and peace deeply. He developed a project for a United States of Europe through the creation of a European Assembly made of deputies that could discuss. He is therefore considered the very first thinker to suggest the creation of a European Parliament, a man of extreme religious convictions, Penn wrote numerous works in which he exhorted believers to adhere to the spirit of Primitive Christianity. He was imprisoned several times in the Tower of London due to his faith, and his book No Cross, No Crown, William Penn, Sr. served in the Commonwealth Navy during the English Civil War and was rewarded by Oliver Cromwell with estates in Ireland.
The lands were seized from Irish Catholics in retaliation for the failed Irish Rebellion of 1641, Admiral Penn took part in the restoration of Charles II and was eventually knighted and served in the Royal Navy. At the time of his sons birth, Captain Penn was twenty-three, William Penn grew up during the rule of Oliver Cromwell, who succeeded in leading a Puritan rebellion against King Charles I, the king was beheaded when Penn was age 5. Penns father was often at sea, little William caught smallpox at a young age, losing all his hair, prompting his parents to move from the suburbs to an estate in Essex. The country life made an impression on young Penn. Penn was educated first at Chigwell School, by private tutors whilst in Ireland, at that time, there were no state schools and nearly all educational institutions were affiliated with the Anglican Church. Children from poor families had to have a sponsor to get an education. Penns education heavily leaned on the authors and no novelties or conceited modern writers were allowed including William Shakespeare
Thomas S. Hinde
Thomas Spottswood Hinde was an American newspaper editor, opponent of slavery, historian, real estate investor, Methodist minister and a founder of the city of Mount Carmel, Illinois. Members of the Hinde family were prominent in Virginia, Kentucky and his sons Charles T. Hinde became a shipping magnate and Edmund C. He was the father-in-law of judge Charles H. Constable, Hinde was an active businessman, pursuing real estate and publishing opportunities in Kentucky and Illinois. In his early years, Hinde publicly opposed slavery and he used his newspaper, The Fredonian, in Chillicothe, Ohio between 1806 and 1808, to highlight issues about Indian treaties and the conspiracy of Aaron Burr. He served in the War of 1812, in years he was a pioneer in the settlement of Indiana and Illinois, and the expansion of the Methodist Church in these areas. He contributed to the Madoc Tradition and was a noted historian, Hinde cofounded the Wabash Navigation Company, which engaged in real estate speculation and dam construction.
The company dammed the Wabash River next to Hindes property, creating the Grand Rapids Dam, the dam was abandoned by the Federal government in 1931. Hinde was an ordained Methodist minister and traveled extensively to advance the interests of the church and he was a pioneering circuit rider in the early 1800s in Kentucky, Indiana and Missouri. Hinde wrote and published articles in many leading publications. Francis Asbury, one of the first two bishops of the Methodist Episcopal Church in the United States, considered Hinde important to the church and he frequently met with him and mentioned him in his journals. Historian Lyman Draper spent more than twenty years collecting documents by and about the Hinde family, the Draper Manuscript Collection at the Wisconsin Historical Society holds 47 volumes of Hindes personal papers, donated by his family after his death. Thomas S. Hinde was born April 19,1785 in Hanover County, Virginia, to Dr. Thomas Hinde and Mary Todd Hubbard and his father was an English doctor who served as a physician to Patrick Henry and General James Wolfe.
In a letter to President James Madison many years later, Hinde related that while walking to school in the wilderness of Kentucky, he successfully fought off a wolf. Daniel Boone and Simon Kenton were neighbors of the Hinde family while they lived in Kentucky, one of Hindes sisters married Richard Southgate, his nephews William Wright Southgate and William Taylor became prominent lawyers and politicians. After a conversion by his mother Mary and older sister Susannah in 1798, all of Hindes family, including his father, shortly afterward the younger Hinde became close friends with Francis Asbury, who became a prominent bishop in the church. Hinde described the conversion of his youngest sister, Martha Harrison Hinde, in an 1827 article published in the Methodist Review under his pen name, Theophilus Arminius. Hinde recounted Bishop Asbury visiting his fathers home in 1803 and telling Martha that she had better find God, the bishops prophecy came true when Martha died in 1811 without having seen Asbury again.
Hinde said she had converted before her death and tried to convert the nonbelievers in the room while on her deathbed and he shared a letter in which his sister had tried to convert her close friends
Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia. As the most populous city in the province, the 2016 census recorded 631,486 people in the city, the Greater Vancouver area had a population of 2,463,431 in 2016, making it the third largest metropolitan area in Canada. Vancouver has the highest population density in Canada with over 5,400 people per square kilometre. With over 250,000 residents, Vancouver municipality is the fourth most densely populated city in North America behind New York City, San Francisco, and Mexico City according to the 2011 census. In that census, Vancouver was one of the most ethnically and linguistically diverse cities in Canada, Vancouver is classed as a Beta global city. In 2014, following thirty years in California, the annual TED conference made Vancouver its indefinite home, several matches of the 2015 FIFA Womens World Cup were played in Vancouver, including the final at BC Place Stadium. From that first enterprise, other stores and some hotels quickly appeared along the waterfront to the west, Gastown became formally laid out as a registered townsite dubbed Granville, B. I.
As of 2014, Port Metro Vancouver is the third largest port by tonnage in the Americas, 27th in the world, the busiest and largest in Canada, and the most diversified port in North America. While forestry remains its largest industry, Vancouver is well known as an urban centre surrounded by nature, archaeological records indicate the presence of Aboriginal people in the Vancouver area from 8,000 to 10,000 years ago. The city is located in the territories of the Squamish, Musqueam. They had villages in various parts of present-day Vancouver, such as Stanley Park, False Creek, Point Grey, the city takes its name from George Vancouver, who explored the inner harbour of Burrard Inlet in 1792 and gave various places British names. The explorer and North West Company trader Simon Fraser and his became the first known Europeans to set foot on the site of the present-day city. In 1808, they travelled from the east down the Fraser River, perhaps as far as Point Grey. The Fraser Gold Rush of 1858 brought over 25,000 men, mainly from California, to nearby New Westminster on the Fraser River, on their way to the Fraser Canyon, a sawmill established at Moodyville in 1863, began the citys long relationship with logging.
It was quickly followed by mills owned by Captain Edward Stamp on the shore of the inlet. This mill, known as the Hastings Mill, became the nucleus around which Vancouver formed, the mills central role in the city waned after the arrival of the Canadian Pacific Railway in the 1880s. It nevertheless remained important to the economy until it closed in the 1920s. The settlement which came to be called Gastown grew up quickly around the original makeshift tavern established by Gassy Jack Deighton in 1867 on the edge of the Hastings Mill property
Prior to being elected governor of New York, he was elected to two four-year terms as the Attorney General of New York from 1999 to 2006. Spitzer grew up in the Riverdale neighborhood of the Bronx, New York and he received a Bachelors degree at Princeton University and his Juris Doctor at Harvard Law School. Spitzer resigned as New Yorks governor in 2008 in the midst of a scandal concerning his solicitation of prostitutes, after his resignation, he has worked as a television host and an adjunct instructor, Spitzer ran for office and made private investments in a start-up company. Spitzer was born on June 10,1959, in the Bronx, the son of Anne, an English literature professor, and Bernard Spitzer and his paternal grandparents were Galician Jews, born in Tluste, Poland. His maternal grandparents, born in the 1890s, were Jewish immigrants from Palestine, Spitzer is the youngest of three children. He was raised in the affluent Riverdale section of The Bronx in New York City and his family was not religious, and Spitzer did not have a Bar Mitzvah.
He is a 1977 graduate of Horace Mann School, after scoring 1590 out of 1600 on the Scholastic Aptitude Test, Spitzer attended Princeton University and majored in the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. At Princeton, he was elected chairman of the student government. He has reported he received a score on the Law School Admission Test, and went on to attend Harvard Law School. Spitzer was an editor of the Harvard Law Review and he stayed there for less than two years before leaving to join the New York County District Attorneys office. Spitzer joined the staff of Manhattan District Attorney Robert M. Morgenthau and his biggest case came in 1992, when Spitzer led the investigation that ended the Gambino crime familys organized crime control of Manhattans trucking and garment industries. Spitzer devised a plan to set up his own sweatshop in the garment district, turning out shirts and sweaters. The shop manager eventually got close to the Gambinos, and officials were able to plant a bug in their office, the Gambinos, rather than being charged with extortion – which was hard to prove – were charged with antitrust violations.
Spitzer left the District Attorneys office in 1992 to work at the law firm of Skadden, Slate, from 1994 to 1998 he worked at the law firm Constantine and Partners on a number of consumer rights and antitrust cases. When he announced his intention the Senate election was almost two years in the future, Abrams won the nomination in the Democratic primary but narrowly lost to DAmato in the general election in November 1992. Ten months later, in September,1993, Abrams announced that he would resign his position as Attorney General as of December 31,1993, although he still had one year remaining in his term. To fill this vacancy the New York State Legislature elected Assemblyman G. Oliver Koppell to serve out the remainder of the Attorney Generals term during 1993, at the time, Spitzer was a young and relatively unknown defense attorney representing white-collar criminals. When he announced his campaign Spitzer suggested that, if elected, Spitzer was the only candidate to support the death penalty
Sir Ka-shing Li, GBM, KBE, JP is a Hong Kong business magnate and philanthropist. According to Forbes, as of February 2017 Li is the richest person in Asia and his conglomerate company Cheung Kong Holdings is influential in many sectors of the Hong Kong economy and makes up 4% of the aggregate market capitalisation of the Hong Kong Stock Exchange. Forbes Magazine and the Forbes family honoured Li Ka-shing with the first ever Malcolm S. Forbes Lifetime Achievement Award on 5 September 2006, in Singapore. In spite of his wealth, Li has cultivated a reputation for leading a frugal lifestyle, and is known to wear simple black dress shoes. He continues to live in the house as he has for decades. Li is regarded as one of Asias most generous philanthropists, donating over US$2.56 billion to charity, Li is often referred to as Superman in Hong Kong because of his business prowess. Li Ka-shing was born in Chaozhou in Guangdong province, due to his fathers death, he was forced to leave school before the age of 15 and found a job in a plastics trading company where he worked 16 hours a day.
In 1950 he started his own company, Cheung Kong Industries, from manufacturing plastics, Li developed his company into a leading real estate investment company in Hong Kong that was listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange in 1971. Cheung Kong expanded by acquiring Hutchison Whampoa and Hongkong Electric Holdings Limited in 1979 and 1985 respectively, Lis businesses cover almost every facet of life in Hong Kong, from electricity to telecommunications, from real estate to retail, from shipping to the Internet. The Cheung Kong Groups market capitalisation is HK$1,193 billion as of April 2016, the Group operates in over 50 countries and employs around 300,000 staff worldwide. In 1950, after learning how to operate a plant, Li founded a manufacturing company in Hong Kong with personal savings. Li avidly read trade publications and business news before deciding to supply the world high quality plastic flowers at low prices. Li learned the technique of mixing colour with plastics that resemble real flowers, after retooling his shop and hiring the best technicians he could find, he prepared the plant for a visit from a large foreign buyer.
Impressed with the quality of Lis plant, the placed a large order. A few years later, Li grew to be the largest supplier of plastic flowers in Asia, in 1958, recognizing the rents would continue to rise, Li decided to purchase a site and develop his own factory building. An opportunity to acquire land arrived after the 1967 riots were in full swing when many people fled Hong Kong, Li, believing the political crisis would be temporary, and property prices would eventually rise, bought parcels of land at low prices. By 1971, Li officially named his real estate development company Cheung Kong, named after Cheung Kong, Cheung Kong Holdings was publicly listed in Hong Kong Stock Exchange in 1972. During board meetings, Li stated on a number of occasions his goal of surpassing the Jardines-owned Hongkong Land as a leading developer
Jared Corey Kushner is an American real estate investor and developer and senior advisor to his father-in-law, President Donald Trump. Together with Chief of Staff Reince Priebus and Chief Strategist Steve Bannon, Kushner is said to be President Trumps most trusted advisor, showing unwavering loyalty to his father-in-law. He was principal owner of the estate holding and development company Kushner Companies and of Observer Media, publisher of the weekly. On January 9,2017, Kushner was named to be a Senior White House Adviser to his father-in-law, as a result, Kushner resigned as CEO of his familys real estate company and as publisher of the Observer. Kushner is the son of American real estate developer Charles Kushner and is married to Donald Trumps daughter Ivanka Trump. He was among the advisors of Trumps presidential campaign. Peter Thiel said If Trump was the CEO, Jared was effectively the operating officer. ”Kushner played the largest role in developing and running Trumps digital media strategy.
In 2007, Kushner made the most expensive single-building property purchase in U. S. history, in 2011, Kushner brought in Vornado Realty Trust as a 50% equity partner in the ownership of the building. Kushner was born in Livingston, New Jersey, and is the son of Seryl Kushner. His paternal grandparents and Joseph Kushner, were Holocaust survivors who came to the U. S. from Poland in 1949 and his grandmother Rae Kushner was born in Novogrudek, in what is now Belarus. The Nazis killed her mother and a sister and her brother was killed in the escape. The remaining family made it to the Bielski camp, where they hid in the forest until the Soviets arrived and he has a brother and two sisters and Dara. He is a nephew of Murray Kushner, the owner of Kushner Real Estate Group, Kushner Real Estate Group is separate from Kushner Companies, which Murray Kushner started in 2000. Kushner was raised in a Modern Orthodox Jewish family in New Jersey and he graduated from the Frisch School, a private, coed yeshiva high school, in 1999.
According to a spokeswoman for Kushner Companies, he was a student and a member of the debate, hockey. In 2003, Kushner graduated cum laude from Harvard College with a Bachelor of Arts degree in government, while a student at Harvard, Kushner was a member of the Fly Club and bought and sold buildings in Somerville, earning a $20 million profit. In 2007, Kushner graduated from New York University where he earned a J. D. and he interned at Manhattan District Attorney Robert Morgenthaus office and Paul, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP. Kushner is a real estate investor, and has increased the Kushner Companies presence in the New York City real estate market as a principal in his familys real estate company