Seinfeld is an American television sitcom that ran for nine seasons on NBC, from 1989 to 1998. It was created by Larry David and Jerry Seinfeld, with the latter starring as a fictionalized version of himself. Set predominantly in an apartment building in Manhattan's Upper West Side in New York City, the show features a handful of Jerry's friends and acquaintances, including best friend George Costanza and former girlfriend Elaine Benes, neighbor across the hall Cosmo Kramer, it is described as being "a show about nothing", as many of its episodes are about the minutiae of daily life. Seinfeld was produced by Castle Rock Entertainment. In syndication, the series has been distributed by Columbia TriStar Television Distribution and since 2002, Sony Pictures Television, it was written by David and Seinfeld with script writers who included Larry Charles, Peter Mehlman, Gregg Kavet, Carol Leifer, David Mandel, Jeff Schaffer, Steve Koren, Jennifer Crittenden, Tom Gammill, Max Pross, Dan O'Keefe, Charlie Rubin, Marjorie Gross, Alec Berg, Elaine Pope, Spike Feresten.
A favorite among critics, the series led the Nielsen ratings in seasons six and nine, finished among the top two every year from 1994 to 1998. Seinfeld is regarded as one of the greatest and most influential sitcoms of all-time, it has been ranked among the best television shows of all time in publications such as Entertainment Weekly, Rolling Stone, TV Guide. The show's most renowned episodes include "The Chinese Restaurant", "The Parking Garage", "The Contest". In 2013, the Writers Guild of America voted it the No. 2 Best Written TV Series of All Time. E! named the series the "Number 1 reason the'90s ruled", quotes from numerous episodes have become catchphrases in popular culture. Main Jerry Seinfeld – Jerry is a "minor celeb" stand-up comedian, depicted as "the voice of reason" amidst the general insanity generated by the people in his world; the in-show character is a mild germaphobe and neat freak, as well as an avid Superman, New York Mets and breakfast cereal fan. Jerry's apartment is the center of a focus of the show.
Elaine Benes – Elaine is Jerry's ex-girlfriend and friend. She is attractive and genial, while being humorous and impulsive, she sometimes has a tendency to be too honest with people, which gets her into trouble. She gets caught up in her boyfriends' quirks, eccentric employers' unusual behaviors and idiosyncrasies, the maladjustment of total strangers, she tends to make poor choices in men she chooses to date and is overly reactive. First she works at Pendant Publishing with Mr. Lippman, is hired as a personal assistant for Mr. Pitt, works for the J. Peterman catalogue as a glorified assistant. Elaine is popularly described as an amalgamation of David's and Seinfeld's girlfriends during their early days in New York as struggling comedians. Cosmo Kramer – Kramer is Jerry's lovable rogue neighbor, his trademarks include his humorous upright pompadour hairstyle, vintage clothes, energetic sliding bursts through Jerry's apartment door. Kramer was based on a neighbor of David's during his amateur comedic years in Manhattan.
At times, he appears naïve, ignorant, at other times, intelligent and well-read. This is seen in his success with employers, he has been described as a "hipster doofus". Although he never holds a steady job, he is short of money and invents wacky schemes that work at first eventually fail. Kramer is longtime friends with Newman, they work well together despite their differences. George Costanza – George is Jerry's best friend, has been since high school, he is miserly, dishonest and envious of others' achievements. He is depicted as a loser, perpetually insecure about his capabilities, he complains and lies about his profession and everything else, which creates trouble for him later. He uses the alias Art Vandelay when lying or concocting a cover story. Despite these shortcomings, George has a sense of loyalty to his friends and success in dating women and secures a successful career as Assistant to the Traveling Secretary for the New York Yankees. Recurring Many characters have made multiple appearances, like Jerry's nemesis Newman and his Uncle Leo.
In addition to recurring characters, Seinfeld features numerous celebrities who appear as themselves or girlfriends, boyfriends and other acquaintances. Many actors who made guest appearances became household names in their careers, or were well known. Many Seinfeld episodes are based on the writers' real-life experiences, with the experiences reinterpreted for the characters' storylines. For example, George's storyline, "The Revenge", is based on Larry David's experience at Saturday Night Live. "The Contest" is based on David's experiences. "The Smelly Car" storyline is based on Peter Mehlman's lawyer friend, who could not get a bad smell out of his car. "The Strike" is based on Dan O'Keefe's dad. Other stories take on a variety of turns. "The Chinese Restaurant" consists of George and Elaine waiting for a table throughout the entire episode. "The Boyfriend", revolving around Keith Hernandez, extends through 2 episodes. "The Betrayal" is famous for using reverse chronology, was inspired by a similar plot devic
Night Flight (1933 film)
Night Flight is a 1933 American pre-Code aviation drama film produced by David O. Selznick and distributed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and directed by Clarence Brown; the film stars John Barrymore, Lionel Barrymore, Clark Gable, Helen Hayes, Robert Montgomery and Myrna Loy. It is based on the 1931 novel of the same name which won the Prix Femina the same year, by French writer and pioneering aviator Antoine de Saint-Exupéry. Based on Saint-Exupéry's personal experiences while flying on South American mail routes, Night Flight recreates a 24-hour period of the operations of a fictional airline based on Aéropostale, Trans-Andean European Air Mail. In 1942, Night Flight was withdrawn from circulation as a result of a dispute between MGM and Saint Exupéry, its public re-release had to wait until 2011. In South America, the daunting mountains and dangerous weather have hampered the operations of Trans-Andean European Air Mail, a 1930s-era airline. Charged with delivering a serum to stem an outbreak of infantile paralysis in Rio de Janeiro, Auguste Pellerin conquers his fears, but is reprimanded by the airline's stern director, A. Riviére for coming in late.
Determined to make the night flight program work, Riviére sends pilot Jules Fabian and his wireless operator on another dangerous flight. The pair are caught in a torrential rain storm and when Madame Fabian comes to the headquarters, she realizes that her husband is overdue; the two airmen, flying blind over the ocean, choose to jump, but drown. Riviére refuses to quit and orders a Brazilian pilot to take the mail to Rio, but the pilot's wife pleads with him not to go. Despite the dangers, the night mail is delivered on time; the pilot despairs that his flight only meant that someone in Paris can get a postcard on Tuesday instead of Thursday, but its real value is proven when the serum is delivered and a child is saved. John Barrymore as Managing Director A. Riviére Helen Hayes as Madame Fabian Clark Gable as Jules Fabian Lionel Barrymore as Inspector Robineau Robert Montgomery as Auguste Pellerin Myrna Loy as Brazilian Pilot's Wife William Gargan as Brazilian Pilot C. Henry Gordon as Daudet Leslie Fenton as Fabian's Radio Operator Harry Beresford as Roblet Frank Conroy as Radio Operator Dorothy Burgess as Pellerin's Girlfriend Irving Pichel as Dr. Decosta Helen Jerome Eddy as Worried Mother Buster Phelps as Sick Child Ralf Harolde as Pilot Marcia Ralston as Nightclub Vamp Otto Hoffman as Airport Office Clerk Saint Exupéry's Vol de nuit, based on real-life events in South America, had won the 1931 Prix Femina, one of the main French literary prizes.
Prior to this award, he had been little known outside of the literary sphere, but as a result of the prize, received widespread recognition and attention from Hollywood. Selznick realized that Oliver H. P. Garrett's original treatment was too based on "the ground" and brought in John Monk Saunders, who had worked with him on The Dawn Patrol, to add more flying scenes. Director Clarence Brown was dissatisfied with that version, so Selznick called on writer Wells Root to tighten up the final draft. Brown was interested in an accurate portrayal of aviation, as he had been a World War I pilot. Night Flight utilized both studio and location shooting with the mountainous region around Denver, filling in for the South American Andes; the retired U. S. Mail Douglas M-4 mail planes were featured as the Trans-Andean European Air Mail's primary aircraft. Clarence Brown and John Barrymore had a disagreeable relationship during the film's shooting, as Barrymore was imbibing during filming and reading from cue cards.
Brown wanted to replace Barrymore, but was not allowed to, being overruled by studio head Louis B. Mayer. Helen Hayes felt intimidated by Barrymore; when they filmed their scene together, Barrymore refrained from relying on cue cards, because he said that he didn't want to use a crutch in the presence of a real actress. Hayes remarked that Barrymore's explanation was the greatest review that she received. MGM's choice of an all-star cast was intended to elevate Night Flight to epic status; the film, was sequenced in episodic style with many of the scenes concentrating on one of the sub-plots. Most of the sequences were filmed in isolation with little interaction between the lead actors. Although premiered in a longer two-hour version, the final film was received favorably by critics; the New York Times review called it "a vivid and engrossing production." In a similar vein, Variety considered Night Flight, "a competently done saga". Despite the favorable reviews, Night Flight was considered a disappointment at the box office.
Smarting from some critics' reviews of his novel, professing that he hated the film adaptation, Saint Exupéry refused to renew his author's rights, which he had granted to MGM only for a 10-year period. In 1942, Night Flight was pulled from circulation. Following its first public showing at the 2011 TCM Classic Film Festival, a first-time home video of the picture was released on DVD on June 7, 2011, over 75 years after its original release; the movie's world television premiere was on TCM on August 10, 2012. According to MGM records, Night Flight earned $576,000 in the U. S. and Canada and $503,000 elsewhere, resulting in a profit of $176,000. The film was a box office disappointment for MGM. Only Angels Have Wings Night Flight at the TCM Movie Database Night Flight on IMDb Night Flight at AllMovie The AFI Catalog of
Rebel Without a Cause
Rebel Without a Cause is a 1955 American drama film about confused suburban, middle-class teenagers. Filmed in the introduced CinemaScope format and directed by Nicholas Ray, it offered both social commentary and an alternative to previous films depicting delinquents in urban slum environments; the film stars James Dean, Sal Mineo, Natalie Wood. The film was a groundbreaking attempt to portray the moral decay of American youth, critique parental style, explore the differences and conflicts between generations; the title was adopted from psychiatrist Robert M. Lindner's 1944 book, Rebel Without a Cause: The Hypnoanalysis of a Criminal Psychopath; the film, does not make any references to Lindner's book in any way. Warner Bros. released the film on October 27, 1955. Over the years, the film has achieved landmark status for the acting of cultural icon Dean, fresh from his Oscar nominated role in East of Eden and who died before the film's release, in his most celebrated role; this was the only film during Dean's lifetime.
In 1990, Rebel Without a Cause was added to the Library of Congress's National Film Registry as being deemed "culturally and aesthetically significant". In Los Angeles, teenager Jim Stark is arrested and taken to the juvenile division of a police station for "plain drunkenness". At the station he meets John "Plato" Crawford, brought in for killing a litter of puppies, Judy, brought in for curfew violation; the three each separately reveal their innermost frustrations to the officers. His frustrations are made manifest to officer Ray Fremick. Judy is convinced that her father ignores her because she is no longer a little girl, so she dresses up in racy clothes to get attention, which only causes her father to call her a "dirty tramp". Plato's father abandoned his family when he was a toddler, his mother is away from home, leaving Plato in the care of his housekeeper. On the way to his first day at Dawson High, Jim offers her a ride. Unimpressed by Jim at first, she declines and is instead picked up by her "friends", a gang of delinquents led by "Buzz" Gunderson.
Jim is shunned by the rest of the student body but is befriended by Plato, who comes to idolize Jim as a father figure. After a field trip to Griffith Observatory, Buzz challenges Jim to a knife fight. Jim bests Buzz in the knife fight, so to preserve his status as gang leader, Buzz suggests stealing some cars to have a "Chickie Run" at a seaside cliff. At home, Jim ambiguously asks his father for advice about defending one's honor in a dangerous situation, but Frank advises him against confrontation of any kind; that night, during the chickie run, Buzz plunges to his death when the strap on his jacket sleeve becomes entangled with his door-latch lever, preventing him from exiting the car in time. As police approach, the gang flees, leaving Judy behind, but Jim patiently persuades her to leave with him and Plato. Jim confides to his parents his involvement in the crash and considers turning himself in; when Carol declares they are moving again, Jim protests and pleads with Frank to stand up for him, but when Frank refuses Jim attacks him in frustration storms off to the police station to confess, but he is turned away by the desk sergeant.
Jim drives back home, finds Judy waiting for him. She apologizes for her prior treatment of him due to peer pressure, the two begin to fall in love. Agreeing that they will never return to their respective homes, Jim suggests they visit an old deserted mansion Plato told him about. Meanwhile, Plato is intercepted by three members of Buzz's gang, who are convinced that Jim betrayed them to the police, they go off after Jim. The three new friends act out a fantasy as a family. Plato falls asleep, Jim and Judy leave to explore the mansion, where they share their first kiss. Buzz's gang find and wake up Plato who and distraught, shoots and wounds one of the gang; when Jim returns, he attempts to restrain Plato. Plato runs to the observatory and barricades himself inside as more police converge including Fremick who, with Frank and Carol, was searching for Jim. Jim and Judy follow Plato into the observatory, where Jim persuades Plato to trade the gun for his red jacket, but when the police notice that Plato still has the gun they shoot Plato down as he charges them, unaware that Jim had removed the bullets.
Frank comforts his grieving son. Now reconciled to his parents, Jim introduces them to Judy. Warner Brothers had bought the rights to Lindner's book. Attempts to create a film version in the late 1940s ended without a film or a full script being produced; when Marlon Brando did a five-minute screen test for the studio in 1947, he was given fragments of one of the partial scripts. However, Brando was not auditioning for Rebel Without a Cause, there was no offer of any part made by the studio; the film, as it appeared, was the result of a new script written in the 1950s that had nothing to do with the Brando test. The screen test is included on a 2006 special edition DVD of the 1951 film A Streetcar Named Desire. According to a biography of Natalie Wood, she almo
Theatre of ancient Greece
The ancient Greek drama was a theatrical culture that flourished in ancient Greece from 700 BC. The city-state of Athens, which became a significant cultural and military power during this period, was its center, where it was institutionalised as part of a festival called the Dionysia, which honored the god Dionysus. Tragedy and the satyr play were the three dramatic genres to emerge there. Athens exported the festival to its numerous colonies; the word τραγῳδία, from which the word "tragedy" is derived, is a compound of two Greek words: τράγος or "goat" and ᾠδή meaning "song", from ἀείδειν, "to sing". This etymology indicates a link with the practices of the ancient Dionysian cults, it is impossible, however, to know with certainty how these fertility rituals became the basis for tragedy and comedy. The classical Greek valued the power of spoken word, it was their main method of communication and storytelling. Bahn and Bahn write, "To Greeks the spoken word was a living thing and infinitely preferable to the dead symbols of a written language."
Socrates himself believed that once something has been written down, it lost its ability for change and growth. For these reasons, among many others, oral storytelling flourished in Greece. Greek tragedy as we know it was created in Athens around the time of 532 BC, when Thespis was the earliest recorded actor. Being a winner of the first theatrical contest held in Athens, he was the exarchon, or leader, of the dithyrambs performed in and around Attica at the rural Dionysia. By Thespis' time, the dithyramb had evolved far away from its cult roots. Under the influence of heroic epic, Doric choral lyric and the innovations of the poet Arion, it had become a narrative, ballad-like genre; because of these, Thespis is called the "Father of Tragedy". Thus, Thespis's true contribution to drama is unclear at best, but his name has been given a longer life, in English, as a common term for performer — i.e. a "thespian." The dramatic performances were important to the Athenians – this is made clear by the creation of a tragedy competition and festival in the City Dionysia.
This was organized to foster loyalty among the tribes of Attica. The festival was created around 508 BC. While no drama texts exist from the sixth century BC, we do know the names of three competitors besides Thespis: Choerilus and Phrynichus; each is credited with different innovations in the field. Some is known about Phrynichus, he won his first competition between 511 BC and 508 BC. He produced tragedies on themes and subjects exploited in the golden age such as the Danaids, Phoenician Women and Alcestis, he was the first poet we know of to use a historical subject – his Fall of Miletus, produced in 493-2, chronicled the fate of the town of Miletus after it was conquered by the Persians. Herodotus reports that "the Athenians made clear their deep grief for the taking of Miletus in many ways, but in this: when Phrynichus wrote a play entitled "The Fall of Miletus" and produced it, the whole theatre fell to weeping, he is thought to be the first to use female characters. Until the Hellenistic period, all tragedies were unique pieces written in honour of Dionysus and played only once, so that today we have the pieces that were still remembered well enough to have been repeated when the repetition of old tragedies became fashionable.
After the Great Destruction of Athens by the Persian Empire in 480 BCE, the town and acropolis were rebuilt, theatre became formalized and an greater part of Athenian culture and civic pride. This century is regarded as the Golden Age of Greek drama; the centre-piece of the annual Dionysia, which took place once in winter and once in spring, was a competition between three tragic playwrights at the Theatre of Dionysus. Each submitted a satyr play. Beginning in a first competition in 486 BC each playwright submitted a comedy. Aristotle claimed that Aeschylus added the second actor, that Sophocles introduced the third; the Greek playwrights never used more than three actors based on what is known about Greek theatre. Tragedy and comedy were viewed as separate genres, no plays merged aspects of the two. Satyr plays dealt with the mythological subject matter of the tragedies, but in a purely comedic manner; the power of Athens declined following its defeat in the Peloponnesian War against the Spartans.
From that time on, the theatre started performing old tragedies again. Although its theatrical traditions seem to have lost their vitality, Greek theatre continued into the Hellenistic period. However, the primary Hellenistic theatrical form was not tragedy but'New Comedy', comic episodes about the lives of ordinary citizens; the only extant playwright from the period is Menander. One of New Comedy's most important contributions was its influence
Scrooged is a 1988 American Christmas comedy film directed by Richard Donner and written by Mitch Glazer and Michael O'Donoghue. Based on the 1843 novella A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens, Scrooged is a modern retelling that follows Bill Murray as Frank Cross, a cynical and selfish television executive, visited by a succession of ghosts on Christmas Eve intent on helping him regain his Christmas spirit; the film stars Karen Allen, John Forsythe, Bobcat Goldthwait, Carol Kane, Robert Mitchum, Michael J. Pollard and Alfre Woodard. Scrooged was filmed on a $32 million budget over three months in Hollywood. Murray returned to acting for the film after taking a 4-year hiatus following the release of Ghostbusters, the success of which he found overwhelming. Murray worked directly with Glazer and O'Donoghue on reworking the script before agreeing to join the project; the production was tumultuous, as both Murray and Donner had different visions for what the film should be. Murray himself described his time on the film as one of "misery", while Donner called Murray "superbly creative but difficult".
Alongside Murray's three brothers, Brian and Joel, Scrooged features numerous celebrity cameos. The film's marketing capitalized on Murray's Ghostbusters role, referencing his encounters with ghosts in both films. Scrooged was released on November 23, earned $60.3 million during its theatrical run in the United States, making it the 13th-highest-grossing film of 1988 and a moderate box-office hit. The film received a positive response from test audiences, but was met by a mixed response on its release, by critics who alternately found the film too mean spirited, or too sentimental, it lost to Beetlejuice. In the years since its release, Scrooged has become a regular feature on television at Christmas, with some critics citing it as an alternative to more traditional Christmas films, others arguing that Scrooged was ahead of its time, allowing it to remain relevant in the modern day, it has appeared on various lists of the best Christmas films made. IBC Television president Frank Cross is pushing his company to broadcast an extravagant live production of A Christmas Carol on Christmas Eve, making the staff work throughout the holiday.
Frank fires executive Eliot Loudermilk for disagreeing with him, sends cheap IBC-monogrammed towels to all on his Christmas list, including his personal assistant Grace, his brother James. Frank's boss Preston Rhinelander, seeing the stress Frank is under with the production, brings in Brice Cummings to provide assistance, though Brice secretly wants Frank's job; the night before the show, Frank is visited by the ghost of his mentor Lew Hayward, who died from a heart attack as an unloved miser. Lew warns him three more ghosts will appear to him over the next day to help Frank avoid the same fate. Before it vanishes, the ghost dials up Frank's lost love from years ago. Claire comes to the network to talk to Frank, but Frank does not make time for her, she returns to the homeless shelter where she works; as rehearsals start, Frank is visited by the Ghost of Christmas Past. He takes Frank to see his past: how he found solace in television after his mother left his father, how he had fallen in love with Claire but lost her favor when he prioritized his television career over her.
When back in the present, Frank goes to see Claire, hoping to make amends. However, his attitude sours and he shows his contempt for a homeless man named Herman and the shelter workers, he returns to the studio. The Ghost of Christmas Present arrives as a clumsy yet volatile fairy, she takes him to Grace's apartment, showing his assistant's struggles to support her large family, including her youngest son Calvin who has remained mute since seeing his father murdered. The Ghost shows him James, who still respects Frank as his brother despite declining invitations to his Christmas celebrations and cheap gifts; the Ghost leaves him in a utility space under a sidewalk with Herman, now frozen to death. Frank tries to escape, breaking through a boarded up door to end back up on the set of the production. Preston directs Brice to take over rehearsals to give Frank some time off. Retiring to his office, Frank finds Eliot waiting for him with a shotgun, ready to kill Frank for the loss of his job and family.
Frank escapes into the elevator. The Ghost takes him to the future, where Calvin has become catatonic and been institutionalized, Claire has heeded Frank's words and shunned the homeless to become just like Frank; the Ghost shows Frank's cremation ceremony, with only James and his wife in attendance. Frank, having come to a revelation about his life, is shocked when he finds himself in the coffin as is it about to be incinerated, breaks his way out, ending up back out of the elevator facing Eliot. Frank's changed demeanor surprises Eliot when Frank offers him a high-level executive position. With Eliot's help, Frank returns to the production set, secures Brice in the control room, breaks the show's live broadcast to speak of his new appreciation for life, he apologizes on air to Grace and the cast and crew, makes a passionate plea to Claire to come back to him. Claire sees this at the shelter, makes for the network with the help of the Ghost of Christmas Past; as Frank and Claire reunite, Calvin comes up to Frank and speaks for the first time, reminding him to say the closing words of the Carol, "God bless us, everyone", much to Grace's elation.
Frank leads the crew in singing "Put a Little Love in Your Heart", sees Lew, the three Ghosts, the ghost of Herman smile and wave
Scrooge (1970 film)
Scrooge is a 1970 British musical film adaptation in Panavision of Charles Dickens' 1843 story A Christmas Carol. It was filmed in London between January and May 1970 and directed by Ronald Neame, starred Albert Finney as Ebenezer Scrooge; the film's score was arranged and conducted by Ian Fraser. With eleven musical arrangements interspersed throughout, the award-winning motion picture is a faithful musical retelling of the original. Albert Finney won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor in a Musical/Comedy in 1971; the film received four Academy Award nominations, including for Best Original Song for "Thank You Very Much". On Christmas Eve, in 19th-century London, Ebenezer Scrooge, a surly money-lender, does not share the merriment of Christmas, he declines his nephew Fred's invitation for Christmas dinner and reluctantly gives his loyal employee Bob Cratchit Christmas Day off. Cratchit and his children prepare for the holiday; as Scrooge leaves for home, he visits some of his clients including Tom Jenkins and declines two gentlemen's offer to collect money for charity.
As he makes his way home, he is mocked by street urchins. In his house, Scrooge encounters the ghost of his deceased business partner Jacob Marley, who warns him to repent his wicked ways or he will be condemned in the afterlife as he was, carrying a heavy chain forged by his own selfishness and greed. Before leaving, Marley informs him. At one o'clock, Scrooge is visited by the Victorian Ghost of Christmas Past, who takes him back in time to his childhood and early adult life, they visit his lonely school days, his time as an employee under Mr. Fezziwig. Attending a Christmas party held by Fezziwig, Scrooge falls in love with Isabel. However, the spirit shows Scrooge, he dismisses the spirit. Scrooge is visited by the merry Ghost of Christmas Present, a jolly giant, who shows him the joys and wonder of Christmas Day. Scrooge and the spirit visit Bob's house, learning his family is content with their small dinner, while Scrooge takes pity on Bob's ill son Tiny Tim; the spirit comments that Tiny Tim might not survive until next Christmas unless the course of events changes.
Before the spirit vanishes, Scrooge is warned that life is too short and to do as much as he can in what little time he has. Left alone in the street, Scrooge is visited by the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come, a silent, cloaked figure who takes him into the future. Scrooge and the spirit witness Tom and the other citizens rejoicing at the death of Scrooge; the spirit transports Scrooge to Bob's house. The spirit escorts Scrooge to a cemetery. Realizing this, Scrooge promises to change his ways before the spirit forces him to fall through his grave into the caverns of Hell. Scrooge is met there once again by Marley, who shows him to his ice-cold "office" to serve forever as Lucifer's personal clerk. Scrooge is adorned with an enormous chain made from his lifetime of past sins by four masked demons. Awakening in his bedroom on Christmas Day, with love and joy in his heart, a gleeful Scrooge decides to bring happiness to the citizens of London, he presents. He gives them some overdue presents as well.
They invite Scrooge to Christmas lunch. Dressed as "Father Christmas," Scrooge delivers a giant turkey and toys to the Cratchits, after making his identity known, gives Bob a raise and promises that they will work to find the best doctors to make Tiny Tim better. Scrooge frees all his clients from their debts, much to their delight. Scrooge returns home to get ready for lunch with his family and thanks Marley for helping him at a second chance at life. "Overture" "A Christmas Carol" – Chorus "Christmas Children" – David Collings & Cratchit Children "I Hate People" – Albert Finney "Father Christmas" – Urchins "See the Phantoms" – Alec Guinness "December the 25th" – Laurence Naismith, Kay Walsh & Ensemble "Happiness" – Suzanne Neve "A Christmas Carol" – Chorus "You.... You" – Albert Finney "I Like Life" – Kenneth More & Albert Finney "The Beautiful Day" – Richard Beaumont "Happiness" "Thank You Very Much" – Anton Rodgers & Ensemble "I'll Begin Again" – Albert Finney "I Like Life" – Albert Finney "Finale: Father Christmas" / "Thank You Very Much" – All "Exit Music" A soundtrack album containing all the songs from the film was issued on Columbia Records in 1970.
Due to legal complications, the soundtrack has never been re-released in the CD format. The current Paramount Blu-ray release of the film has removed the Overture; the film features an opening title sequence of numerous hand-painted backgrounds and overlays by British illustrator Ronald Searle. Art of the Title described it, saying, "As is the case with Searle’s illustrations, the forms jump and squiggle into shape, the strokes loose and sprightly. In each scene, swaths of colour and life pour out, white snowflakes dotting the brush strokes." The illustrations appeared in a book, Scrooge, by Elaine Donaldson and published in 1970 by Cinema Center Films. The film was nominated for a BAFTA Film Award in the UK, one Golden Laurel award, four Oscars, five Golden Globes in the USA, in which Albert Finney won for The Best Motio
Odd Man Out
Odd Man Out is a 1947 British and Irish film noir directed by Carol Reed. Set in an unnamed Northern Irish city, it is based on the novel of the same name by F. L. Green and stars James Mason and Robert Newton; the film received the first BAFTA Award for Best British Film. Filmmaker Roman Polanski has cited Odd Man Out as his favourite film; the film's opening intertitle reads: "This story is told against a background of political unrest in a city of Northern Ireland. It is not concerned with the struggle between the law and an illegal organisation, but only with the conflict in the hearts of the people when they become unexpectedly involved."The city and the organisation are never explicitly named, but the protagonist, Johnny McQueen, is the IRA-like group's leader in the city. Johnny has been hiding the past six months since his escape from prison in a house occupied by Kathleen Sullivan – who loves him – and her grannie. Johnny has been ordered to rob a mill to obtain funds, his men, are a bit uneasy about his fitness for the task, having noticed a change in him since his escape.
Dennis offers to take his place. Johnny and Murphy get the money; as they leave, Johnny is confronted by an armed cashier. Johnny is shot in the left arm. Pat drives off at high speed before Johnny is inside the getaway car. Johnny falls off. While his confederates argue about what to do, Johnny dashes away. Dennis orders the others to report to headquarters. Along the way, the trio arouse the suspicion of the police, out in force on a manhunt for the robbers, they get away. Pat and Nolan stop off at Theresa O'Brien's place, she betrays the pair to the authorities. As they leave, they are gunned down. Dennis finds Johnny. Dennis is captured after drawing them away. Johnny collapses in the street. Passersby Maureen and Maudie take him home; when they discover who he is, Johnny gets into a parked hansom cab. "Gin" Jimmy, the cabdriver, comes out and starts looking for a fare, unaware he has a wanted man for a passenger. When he finds out, he drops Johnny off as as he can. Shell spots him dumping the now nearly unconscious fugitive.
A poor man, he goes to Catholic priest Father Tom, hoping for a financial reward. By chance, Kathleen arrives shortly afterward. Father Tom persuades Shell to fetch Johnny. Shell, while dropping off his pet bird at home, has to fend off another resident, painter Lukey, who wants him to pose some more for him. Meanwhile, Johnny stumbles into a private booth in a crowded bar. Proprietor Fencie recognises him, he recruits Shell and the persistent Lukey, who have separately converged on the bar, to take Johnny away in a cab. Over Shell's protests, Lukey takes Johnny back to his studio to paint his portrait. Failed medical student Tober tends to Johnny's wound as best. Johnny hallucinates, thinking Father Tom is talking to him. Johnny speaks aloud parts of 1 Corinthians 13, first verse 13 1-2; when a sympathetic police inspector, who had earlier led a search of Katleen's home and warned her against getting involved, shows up to try to get information from Father Tom, Kathleen slips away. She goes searching for him.
Shell starts Johnny toward Father Tom's goes ahead and encounters Kathleen. She finds the police closing in. Johnny is too far gone to see them; when he asks, "Is it far?", Kathleen replies, "It's a long way, but I'm coming with you." She draws a gun and starts firing, forcing the policemen to shoot back, killing them both. James Mason as Johnny McQueen Kathleen Ryan as Kathleen Sullivan Robert Newton as Lukey Cyril Cusack as Pat F. J. McCormick as Shell William Hartnell as Fencie Fay Compton as Rosie Denis O'Dea as Inspector W. G. Fay as Father Tom Maureen Delaney as Theresa O’Brien Elwyn Brook-Jones as Tober Robert Beatty as Dennis Dan O'Herlihy as Nolan Kitty Kirwan as Grannie Beryl Measor as Maudie Roy Irving as Murphy Joseph Tomelty as ‘Gin’ Jimmy, the cabbie Aside from Mason, the supporting cast was drawn from Dublin's Abbey Theatre. Among the other members of the Organisation are Cyril Cusack, Robert Beatty, Dan O'Herlihy. On his travels, Johnny meets an opportunistic bird-fancier played by F. J. McCormick, a drunken artist played by Robert Newton, a barman and a failed surgeon.
Denis O'Dea is the Inspector on Johnny's trail, Kathleen Ryan, in her first feature film, plays the woman who loves Johnny. Of note are W. G. Fay—a founder of the Abbey Theatre—as the kindly Father Tom, Fay Compton, Joseph Tomelty, Eddie Byrne. Albert Sharpe plays a bus conductor. A number of non-speaking parts were filled by actors who achieved public attention, including Dora Bryan, Geoffrey Keen, Noel Purcell, Guy Rolfe and Wilfrid Brambell. Few of the main actors in the film manage an authentic Ulster accent; the cinematographer was Robert Krasker, in his first film for director Reed, lightin