SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Realm of New Zealand

The Realm of New Zealand consists of the entire area in which the monarch of New Zealand functions as head of state. The Realm of New Zealand is not a federation. New Zealand is an sovereign state, it has one Antarctic territorial claim, one dependent territory, two associated states. The Ross Dependency has no permanent inhabitants, while Tokelau, the Cook Islands and Niue have indigenous populations; the United Nations formally classifies Tokelau as a non-self-governing territory. The governor-general of New Zealand represents the monarch throughout the Realm of New Zealand, though the Cook Islands have an additional Queen's Representative; the monarch of New Zealand, represented by the governor-general of New Zealand, is the head of state throughout the Realm of New Zealand. The New Zealand monarchy is unitary throughout all jurisdictions in the realm, with the headship of state being a part of all equally; the 1983 Letters Patent Constituting the Office of Governor-General of New Zealand define the exact scope of the realm.

The Pacific islands of the Cook Islands and Niue became New Zealand's first colonies in 1901 and protectorates. From 1965 the Cook Islands became self-governing, as did Niue from 1974. Tokelau remains a non-self-governing territory; the Ross Dependency comprises that sector of the Antarctic continent between 160° east and 150° west longitude, together with the islands lying between those degrees of longitude and south of latitude 60° south. The British government took possession of this territory in 1923 and entrusted it to the administration of New Zealand. Neither Russia nor the United States recognises this claim, the matter remains unresolved by the Antarctic Treaty, which serves to smooth over these differences; the area is uninhabited, apart from scientific bases. New Zealand citizenship law treats all parts of the realm so most people born in New Zealand, the Cook Islands, Niue and the Ross Dependency before 2006 are New Zealand citizens. Further conditions apply for those born from 2006 onwards.

A governor-general represents the head of state—Elizabeth II, in her capacity as Queen of New Zealand—in the area of the realm. Governors-general take on all the dignities and reserve powers of the head of state. Dame Patsy Reddy was appointed to assume the position on 14 September 2016. Both the Cook Islands and Niue are self-governing states in free association with New Zealand; the details of their free association arrangement are contained in several documents, such as their respective constitutions, the 1983 Exchange of Letters between the governments of New Zealand and the Cook Islands, the 2001 Joint Centenary Declaration. As such, the New Zealand Parliament is not empowered to unilaterally pass legislation in respect of these states. In foreign affairs and defence issues New Zealand acts on behalf of these countries, but only with their advice and consent; as the governor-general is resident in New Zealand, the Cook Islands Constitution provides for the distinct position of Queen's representative.

This individual is not subordinate to the governor-general and acts as the local representative of the Queen in right of New Zealand. Since 2013, Tom Marsters is the Queen's representative to the Cook Islands; this arrangement allows for the de facto independent actions of internal and most external areas of governance. According to Niue's Constitution of 1974, the governor-general of New Zealand acts as the Queen's representative, exercises the "executive authority vested in the Crown". In the Cook Islands and Niue, the New Zealand high commissioner is the diplomatic representative from New Zealand. John Carter is the New Zealand High Commissioner to the Cook Islands, Ross Ardern is the New Zealand High Commissioner to Niue. Despite their close relationship to New Zealand, both the Cook Islands and Niue maintain some diplomatic relations in their own name. Both countries maintain High Commissions in New Zealand and have New Zealand High Commissioners resident in their capitals. In Commonwealth practice, High Commissioners represent their governments, not the Head of State.

New Zealand is a sovereign state. At the United Nations, the country is identified in the General Assembly as "New Zealand", not as the Realm of New Zealand. New Zealand proper consists of the following island groups: the North Island, South Island and neighbouring coastal islands, all contained within the 16 regions of New Zealand the Chatham Islands to the east, contained within the Chatham Islands Territory the Kermadec Islands and the Three Kings Islands to the north and New Zealand Subantarctic Islands to the south, all outside local authority boundaries and inhabited only by a small number of research and conservation staff the Ross Dependency, which forms part of Antarctica, it is constitutionally part of New Zealand. However, application of sovereignty within the Dependency is subsequent upon the enforcement of terms found within the Antarctic Treaty Tokelau has a lesser degree of self-government than the Cook Islands and Niue, had been moving toward free association status. New Zealand's representative in Tokelau is the Administrator of Tokelau and has the power to overturn rules passed by the General Fono.

In referenda conducted in 2006 and 2007 by New Zealand at the United Nations' request, the people of Tokelau failed to re

Loudoun Country Day School

Loudoun Country Day School is an accredited, coeducational pre-school through eighth-grade school located in Leesburg, Virginia. The school was founded in 1953 by Mrs. William J. McDonald and Mrs. J. Churchill Newcomb and after a few years found a home at 237 Fairview Street, NW; as of July, 2009, the school relocated to a new campus at 20600 Red Cedar Drive. The head of school is Dr. Randall Hollister, the recipient of the 2002 Washington Post Private School Distinguished Leadership Award in Education, and, head of the school since 1993; the school is accredited by the Virginia Association of Independent Schools and is a member of the National Association of Independent Schools and the Association of Independent Schools of Greater Washington. In July, 2009, LCDS relocated to a newly constructed 69-acre campus located in Leesburg. LCDS offers a core curriculum and extensive programs in foreign languages, music, STEM Lab and athletics. LCDS's after school activities include a variety of academic and sports-related classes.

LCDS conducts a variety of summer enrichment camps and partners with third-party vendors to offer additional camp opportunities on school's campus. Middle school students participate in competitive girls' field hockey, boys' soccer, basketball and tennis. LCDS is a member of the Piedmont Athletic Conference. Member schools include: Highland School, Powhatan School, Wakefield School, The Hill School and Loudoun Country Day School. Keslie Tomlinson - Skeleton Athlete, 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, Canada Madeleine Haeringer - Journalist with NBC. See MSNBC news article Behind the Scenes: Reporting from Afghanistan Tiffany Taylor - Model and Actress "James McMurtry - Singer and songwriter Alex Aust - Women's Lacrosse Loudoun Country Day School

Henry Guest

Lieutenant-Colonel Christian Henry Charles Guest known as Henry Guest, was a Liberal Party politician in the United Kingdom. He was the second son of Ivor Guest, 1st Baron Wimborne and his wife Lady Cornelia Henrietta Maria Spencer-Churchill, an aunt of the future Prime Minister Winston Churchill, his elder brother Ivor Churchill Guest was one of the last Lord-Lieutenants of Ireland, his younger brothers Frederick Guest and Oscar Guest were members of parliament. In 1911, he married the Honourable Frances Lyttelton, daughter of the 8th Viscount Cobham, they had John Guest. Guest obtained a commission in 3rd Battalion of the Lancaster Fusiliers in 1892, in the 1st Royal Dragoons in 1894, he served in the Second Boer War, South Africa, 1899–1901. In 1901 he was seconded for service on the Staff served in India 1902–07. Upon his return to the UK he attended Staff College in 1907, was Instructor in Cavalry School, he served in World War I 1914–15 and 1918. His younger brother Freddie was elected as Liberal Member of Parliament for East Dorset at the January 1910 general election, but was unseated after election irregularities by his constituency agent.

At the resulting by-election in June 1910, Henry was elected to succeed him. At the December 1910 general election, Henry was returned for the Pembroke and Haverfordwest constituency and Freddie was re-elected for East Dorset; when his Pembroke and Haverford West seat was abolished for the 1918 general election, Guest stood as a Coalition Liberal candidate in the Wandsworth Central seat in South London, where he came a poor third. He returned to the House of Commons at the 1922 general election, as National Liberal MP for Bristol North. However, he was defeated at the 1923 election, stood aside in 1924 in favour of his brother Freddie. Henry did not stand for Parliament again until his brother's death in 1937, when he won the by-election for Freddie's seat of Plymouth Drake as a Conservative, he held that seat until his defeat at the 1945 general election. Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Henry Guest