The Parliament of Australia is the legislative branch of the government of Australia. It consists of three elements: the Senate and the House of Representatives; the combination of two elected chambers, in which the members of the Senate represent the states and territories while the members of the House represent electoral divisions according to population, is modelled on the United States Congress. Through both chambers, there is a fused executive, drawn from the Westminster system; the upper house, the Senate, consists of 76 members: twelve for each state, two each for the territories, Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory. Senators are elected using the single transferable vote proportional representation system and as a result, the chamber features a multitude of parties vying for power; the governing party or coalition has not held a majority in the Senate since 1981 and needs to negotiate with other parties and Independents to get legislation passed. The lower house, the House of Representatives consists of 151 members, each elected using full-preference instant-runoff voting from single-member constituencies known as electoral divisions.
This tends to lead to the chamber being dominated by two major political groups, the centre-right Coalition and the centre-left Labor Party. The government of the day must achieve the confidence of this House in order to gain and remain in power; the House of Representatives has a maximum term of three years. The Senate has fixed terms, with 36 Senators' terms expiring every three years; as a result and Senate elections always coincide. A deadlock-breaking mechanism known as a double dissolution can be used to dissolve the full Senate as well as the House in the event that the Senate refuses to pass a piece of legislation passed by the House; the two Houses meet in separate chambers of Parliament House on Capital Hill in Canberra, Australian Capital Territory. The Commonwealth of Australia came into being on 1 January 1901 with the federation of the six Australian colonies; the inaugural election took place on 29 and 30 March and the first Australian Parliament was opened on 9 May 1901 in Melbourne by Prince George, Duke of Cornwall and York King George V.
The only building in Melbourne, large enough to accommodate the 14,000 guests was the western annexe of the Royal Exhibition Building. After the official opening, from 1901 to 1927 the Parliament met in Parliament House, which it borrowed from the Parliament of Victoria, it had always been intended. This was a compromise at Federation due to the rivalry between the two largest Australian cities and Melbourne, which both wished to become the new capital; the site of Canberra was selected for the location of the nation's capital city in 1908. A competition was announced on 30 June 1914 to design Parliament House, with prize money of £7,000. However, due to the start of World War I the next month, the competition was cancelled, it was re-announced in August 1916, but again postponed indefinitely on 24 November 1916. In the meantime, John Smith Murdoch, the Commonwealth's Chief Architect, worked on the design as part of his official duties, he had little personal enthusiasm for the project, as he felt it was a waste of money and expenditure on it could not be justified at the time.
He designed the building by default. The construction of Old Parliament House, as it is called today, commenced on 28 August 1923 and was completed in early 1927, it was built by the Commonwealth Department of Works, using tradesmen and materials from all over Australia. The final cost was about £600,000, more than three times the original estimate, it was designed to house the parliament for a maximum of 50 years until a permanent facility could be built, but was used for more than 60 years. The building was opened on 9 May 1927 by the Duchess of York; the opening ceremonies were both splendid and incongruous, given the sparsely built nature of Canberra of the time and its small population. The building was extensively decorated with British Empire and Australian flags and bunting. Temporary stands were erected bordering the lawns in front of the Parliament and these were filled with crowds. A Wiradjuri elder, Jimmy Clements, was one of only two aboriginal Australians present, having walked for about a week from Brungle Station to be at the event.
Dame Nellie Melba sang the National anthem. The Duke of York unlocked the front doors with a golden key, led the official party into King's Hall where he unveiled the statue of his father, King George V; the Duke opened the first parliamentary session in the new Senate Chamber. In 1978 the Fraser Government decided to proceed with a new building on Capital Hill, the Parliament House Construction Authority was created. A two-stage competition was announced, for which the Authority consulted the Royal Australian Institute of Architects and, together with the National Capital Development Commission, made available to competitors a brief and competition documents; the design competition drew
Stachytarpheta cayennensis is a species of flowering plant in the verbena family known by many English language common names, including blue snakeweed, Cayenne snakeweed, dark-blue snakeweed, nettle-leaf porterweed, rough-leaf false vervain, blue rat's tail, Brazilian tea, Cayenne vervain, false verbena, nettleleaf velvetberry, Cayenne porterweed. Names in other languages include honagasō, gervão-urticante, piche de gato, rabo de zorro, herbe á chenille, herbe bleue, queue de rat, ōi, ōwī, tiāki, it is native to the Americas, from Mexico south through Central and South America to Argentina, as well as many islands of the Caribbean. It is known in many other parts of the world as an introduced species, including regions in Africa, Indonesia, Florida in the United States, many Pacific Islands, its distribution is now considered pantropical. In many places, such as New Caledonia, it has become an invasive species; this plant is a perennial shrub growing up to 2 or 2.5 meters tall. It has an upright, branching stem, sometimes with a woody base.
The leaves are oppositely arranged. The blades are up to 8 to 10 centimeters long, oval in shape with toothed edges, rough-textured or wrinkly on the upper surfaces; the inflorescence is a narrow spike up to 40 to 45 centimeters long covered in pointed bracts. Occasional flower corollas bloom from between the bracts; the flowers are deep purple-blue to lavender with pale centers, white-flowered plants are known. The flowers last a single day before wilting; the plant was named for the capital of French Guiana. In some places this plant is naturalized, it may be a casual weed, a "garden thug", a crop pest, or an invasive species with effects on the local ecosystem. It is well-adapted to disturbed and wasted land, it grows in pastures, on cropland, on roadsides. In grazed fields it propagates because livestock find it distasteful, avoid it, selectively graze out the other vegetation. In rainy areas it can form thick beds, but it persists in dry areas. In Florida, this Stachytarpheta is confused with a related native species, S. jamaicensis.
It has appealing flower displays. It is mistakenly sold as the native ornamental and allowed to take hold, it has the potential to become a noxious weed. Hybrids of the two species occur when it is introduced. Intentional plantings for ornamental purposes are a common way, it is introduced when the seed is transported in garden waste, rainwater and contaminated seed shipments, on vehicles. Methods of control include keeping the plants cut down or pulling them up, taking care to remove the large roots. Herbicides such as glyphosate are used; this plant has some uses in traditional medicine. Several Latin American peoples recognize extracts of the plant as a treatment to ease the symptoms of malaria; the boiled juice or a tea made from the leaves or the whole plant is taken to relieve fever and other symptoms. It is used for dysentery and liver disorders. A tea of the leaves is taken to help control diabetes in other areas. Laboratory tests indicate that the plant has anti-inflammatory properties
The Burke Developmental Road is a Queensland developmental road. It links Cloncurry and Normanton in a south–north direction continues to the east 30 km north from Normanton, till Dimbulah, where it becomes the Mareeba Dimbulah Road; the road crosses the Gilbert River. This bridge was named after two of the region's indigenous leaders and Jubilee Slattery. A major unsealed section continues until Chillagoe; as of 2014, some sections totaling about 15 km are unsealed between Dimbulah. It may become impassable during the wet season. In mid-2007, A$28 million worth of funding was allocated for the widening of the road. Highways in Australia List of highways in Queensland
Christopher Derek Foley known as KiddChris. is an American radio host. He has hosted radio shows in several cities since 1998. KiddChris host the KiddChris show on WEBN in Cincinnati OH; the radio show originated in his home town of New York. His controversial radio show made way to Wichita, Kansas which raised the ire of local church groups. Many religious organizations attempted to band together and remove KiddChris from the airwaves, but he remained on the air. Chris moved on to Sacramento, California where he hosted a morning show on a hip-hop station KSFM. After several months, he moved into an evening show on sister FM talk station KXOA. KiddChris's four-hour talk show was one of the highest-rated radio shows on the Pacific coast. While in Sacramento, Chris gained national attention by sending a series of prank phone calls made to O. J. Simpson to the popular Opie and Anthony and Howard Stern nationally syndicated shows and Thomas Kitajima joined the show in Sacramento. In the fall of 2002, KiddChris retired to upstate New York.
There, he rejuvenated himself and prepared for his return, which occurred on the morning of January 5, 2004, in San Antonio, Texas. He hosted a rated show at San Antonio's KSRX K-Rock until early August 2005. KiddChris signed with Philadelphia rock station WYSP and The KiddChris Show began broadcasting on Monday, August 29, 2005. While Chris has made remarks that the show is "gay" and that "it'll be gone in six months," that incarnation show lasted for over two years, the station exercised their right to extend his contract for one more. On August 21, 2006, it was announced that The KiddChris Show had been syndicated to a rock station in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; the show entered syndication on August 28, 2006. On September 13, 2007, the Philadelphia station announced a format change from all talk to a rock/talk hybrid; the official change, which left KiddChris on during the drive-time hours of 3pm-7pm, was announced during the KiddChris Show. Moments before the announcement, with Opie and Anthony in-studio, commented that "It would be a hoot if they fired us live right after the big announcement."
After announcing the format change, the station dropped to music and The KiddChris Show did not return to the air, causing confusion on multiple listener-run message boards as to their fate. On September 14, 2007, Chris appeared on The Opie and Anthony show and there was no mentioning of a firing; the show returned to the air on September 17, 2007, but with old recordings in-between music, leaving fans of the show confused as to its fate. Soon after, Chris stated; the show WILL be back", which confirmed the statements made by other sources that the show will be returning to its original form. On the Howard Stern Show on October 22, 2007, KiddChris called in to discuss Bruce Springsteen and Billy Joel. Howard turned the topic of conversation to Chris' employment at the station, claiming a "pretty good source" told him Chris would take over the morning slot from Opie and Anthony soon. Chris had no comment on the rumor. On October 23, 2007, the Philadelphia rock station ended their syndication of Opie and Anthony's morning show.
There was no mention of it on-air by Chris. KiddChris ended his show that night unexpectedly with Journey's "Don't Stop Believin'." He has stated on-air in the past that if anything were to "go down" in regards to the show, he would play that song. No morning or afternoon show aired for about a month. On November 6, 2007, KiddChris was called by possible evening DJ Tic-Tac about his future with the station. In so many words, he stated that he "will be back", but claimed not to know when or in what time slot. Callers asked whether he was joining the Howard Stern Show staff and he said that would be impossible since he is staying in Philadelphia, he reminded fans. During the week of November 18, 2007, Chris's website was changed to a countdown with the tagline "Are You Ready?", set to end on Monday, November 26 at 6 AM. The countdown appeared on his MySpace page. Prior to this, the station began to air short recordings featuring the "Are You Ready?" tagline, as well as the opening of "The Game" by Motorhead.
The recordings varied. However, there was no official voiceover to these clips, no direct mention of "The KiddChris Show" or any date of return; the KiddChris Show returned to the airwaves on Monday, November 26, 2007, at 6 AM EST. "Philadelphia Inquirer" reporter Michael Klein reported in his Sunday column of the return of the Kidd Show. The show's move to the morning slot was notable for a few reasons, it replaced the Anthony Show. In January, the show was second to rival Philadelphia morning show hosts Preston and Steve among men ages 18–34. In May 2008, KiddChris was fired over the guest's racist parody song 3 months. Fired was program director John Cook. After Foley's firing, he hosted his own internet radio show for several months in 2009 until his transfer to KUFO in Portland, Oregon. KiddChris announced in May 2011 on the Howard Stern Show that he was bringing his morning show to WKLS "Project 9-6-1" in Atlanta. Project 9-6-
3rd Super Robot Wars Alpha: To the End of the Galaxy is a tactical role-playing game for the PlayStation 2 developed and published by Banpresto. It's the 4th and final installment of the Super Robot Wars Alpha series, canonically the last game produced by Banpresto, before the merging with Bandai Namco Games, it was released in Japan on July 28, 2005. 3rd Super Robot Wars Alpha, or known as Alpha 3, contains one of the largest casts to be placed together within a Super Robot Wars game, only beaten by Super Robot Wars Z. Alpha 3 continues to use the Squad System from 2nd Super Robot Wars Alpha, where a maximum of four units can be assigned to a squad that counts as a single unit. Since all playable mecha are of different sizes, a size limit is placed, thus the player must consider building an effective squad; the system has received several improvements, including: The ability to auto-generate squads based on "balance", "power", or "speed". This can be useful for the novice player or one who does not wish to go to the extra effort of building squads by oneself.
Access to the item and pilot menus from the squad-setup menu. The option to change each squad members' reactions when targeted by an enemy ALL attack Squad attack animation is improved. Alpha 3 contains the following: Over 60 stages, as well as bonus "EX" scenarios, side stories to the main game. Kazuma Kaneko, known as the artist of Atlus' Shin Megami Tensei series, participates as a mechanical designer for the game. Among his designs is the Werkbau, one of the protagonist machines. Three possible endings: the "normal" and "good" endings, with the addition of a few bonuses in the "good" ending, the "Ideon" ending, based on the apocalyptic conclusion to the anime of the same name. Ichirou Mizuki, involved in many openings and endings in a number of titles, makes his voice acting debut in the role of the game's main antagonist. Banpresto Originals Brave Raideen Dancouga – Super Beast Machine God Gaiking Getter Robo Getter Robo G Shin Getter Robo GoShogun Gunbuster Gundam Mobile Suit Gundam 0083: Stardust Memory Mobile Suit Zeta Gundam Mobile Suit Gundam ZZ Mobile Suit Gundam: Char's Counterattack Gundam Wing: Endless Waltz Mobile Suit Gundam SEED Invincible Steel Man Daitarn 3 The King of Braves GaoGaiGar The King of Braves GaoGaiGar Final Macross Macross: Do You Remember Love?
Macross Plus Macross 7 Mazinger Mazinger Z Great Mazinger Mazinkaiser Neon Genesis Evangelion Neon Genesis Evangelion The End of Evangelion Robot Romance Trilogy Chōdenji Robo Combattler V Chōdenji Machine Voltes V Tōshō Daimos Space Runaway Ideon Steel Jeeg Virtual On Cyber Troopers Virtual-On Oratorio Tangram Cyber Troopers Virtual-On Marz The game's plot is told over the course of the 3 previous Alpha titles, but Alpha 3 focuses on the events of the following series: Mobile Suit Gundam SEED, Dancouga – Super Beast Machine God, Macross 7, Steel Jeeg, The End of Evangelion, The King of Braves GaoGaiGar, Chōdenji Robo Combattler V, Chōdenji Machine Voltes V, Tōshō Daimos, Space Runaway Ideon. However, there is an overarching plot, told over the backdrop of the various series; the game starts at the end of the "War of Seals" with the crew of the Ra Calium coming upon a massive ring like structure in the Asteroid Field. This Crossgate causes the Excelion and its crew to reappear though two years have passed since the end of the first Alpha.
The game gives a summary of all the events of the previous 3 games and depending on which character the player chose at the start of the game will start the story from there. As the story progresses the Alpha numbers find themselves fighting against the Akashic Record itself to stop the complete destruction of the galaxy, known as "Apocalypsis"; when starting a new game, players are offered a choice between one of four original characters, each having their own distinct personality and robot. Each character's story is different; the Super Robot Types Touma Kanou: Hot-blooded and loud, Touma is a delivery boy who finds himself as the pilot of a prototype super robot named Raioh and DaiRaiOh. Starting the game with Touma will have characters from GaoGaiGar appearing to aid him in the first stages. Kusuha Mizuha: This is Kusuha's third appearance in the Alpha series, is the only returning selectable character from Super Robot Wars Alpha and the 2nd Super Robot Wars Alpha. Kusuha begins with the GouRyu-Kai, where the Mazinkaiser and Shin Getter Robo teams make an early appearance in the first stages.
Brooklyn Luckfield: Also known as Bullet, this is his third appearance in the Alpha series, is only playable if Kusuha is selected as the protagonist. He begins using the RaiKou-Kai Kushua pilots "Shin RyuKoOh" and Bullet pilots "Shin KoRyuOh"; the Real Robot Types Cobray Gordon: A mysterious young man who first appears in a machine that turns out to be Balmarian in origin. He loses his memory when somethi