Red-bellied parrot

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Red-bellied parrot
Red-bellied Parrot pair in a cage.JPG
Male (left) and female (right)
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Tribe: Psittacini
Genus: Poicephalus
Species: P. rufiventris
Binomial name
Poicephalus rufiventris
(Rüppell, 1845)

The red-bellied parrot (Poicephalus rufiventris) is a small African parrot about 23 cm (9 in) long of the genus Poicephalus. It is a mostly greenish and grey parrot. Males have a bright orange belly and females have a greenish belly.

Description[edit]

A juvenile male stretching. Note dark irises typical of juveniles.

The red-bellied parrot is a small parrot about 23 cm (9 in) long and weights 140 g (5 oz). It is a mostly greenish and grey bird with the green being more prominent over its lower surfaces and the grey more prominent over its upper surfaces. Adult birds have green feathers covering the upper portions of their legs, red irises and dark grey beaks. The species is sexually dimorphic; Typically, males have a bright orange lower chest and abdomen, whilst adult females are greenish on these lower areas. The dimorphism occurs from a young age and is seen even in young chicks still in the nest.[2]

Although the name red-bellied parrot implies that the parrot has hints of red, the word for the color orange was not introduced into the English language until after the fruit orange was discovered and named, so some animals which are colored orange by our current definition were named red due to the fact that a word for the color orange didn't exist in English.

Breeding[edit]

The red-bellied parrot nests in tree cavities. The eggs are white and there are usually three in a clutch. The female incubates the eggs for about 28 days and the chicks leave the nest about 63 days after hatching.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Poicephalus rufiventris". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ a b Alderton, David (2003). The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Caged and Aviary Birds. London, England: Hermes House. p. 224. ISBN 1-84309-164-X.