Dowling is an Irish surname. It is an anglicised form representing two unrelated clans: 1 - Ó Dúnlaing, noted as one of the seven septs of County Laois, the ancestral home called Fearann ua n-Dúnlaing; the Irish form of the name is Ó Dúnlaing or Uí Dhúnlaing. 2 - Ó Dubhlainn, a minor family of County Galway, represented by Richard William Dowling, American Confederate officer. Alexandra Dowling, English actress Ann Dowling, British mechanical engineer Austin Dowling, American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church Bairbre Dowling, Irish actress Brian Dowling, multiple people, including: Brian Dowling, Irish television presenter Brian Dowling, American football player Brian Dowling, Irish hurler Bridget Dowling, Irish sister-in-law of Adolf Hitler Camila Vallejo Dowling, Chilean deputy congresswoman Constance Dowling, American model and actress Dereck Dowling, South African cricketer Dick Dowling, Irish politician Eddie Dowling, American actor and producer Edward J. Dowling, New York politician Garry Dowling, Australian rugby league footballer of the 1970s and 1980s Gerard Dowling, Australian cricketer Graham Dowling, New Zealand cricketer of the 1960s and 1970s Greg Dowling, Australian rugby league footballer of the 1980s and 1990s Sir James Dowling, English-born Australian jurist Jerry Dowling, American cartoonist Jim Dowling, Australian Catholic activist Joan Dowling, English character actress Joe Dowling, American theater director John Dowling, multiple people Jonathan Dowling, Irish-American quantum physicist Kevin Dowling, multiple people, including: Kevin Dowling, South African Roman Catholic bishop Kevin Dowling, English darts player Kevin Dowling, American film and television director and producer Lesley Rae Dowling, South African singer Levi H. Dowling, American preacher and author Meghan L. Dowling, American writer Otto Dowling, American Navy Captain and Governor of American Samoa Richard Dowling, multiple people, including: Richard W. Dowling, Confederate officer in American Civil War Richard Dowling, Irish novelist Roy Dowling, Australian naval admiral Seán Dowling, Irish hurler Shane Dowling, Irish politician Terry Dowling, Australian writer Tom Dowling, multiple people Vera Strodl Dowling )1918-2015), Danish pilot Victor J. Dowling, American judge and politician Vincent Dowling, Irish actor and director William Dowling, multiple people The Surnames of Ireland, Edward McLysaght, Dublin, 1978 The Dowlings or Doolans of Carricknaughton, Eamonn Dowling, Journal of the Irish Family History Society, volume 25, pp. 93–96, 2009 Gaelic Personal Names, Ó Corráin, D. & Maguire, F. Dublin, 1980.
Republished as Irish Names, Dublin. Lilliput, 1990 An Sloinnteoir Gaeilge & an tAinmneoir, Ó Droighneáin, M. & Ó Murchú, M. A. Dublin, 1991
Dál nAraidi or Dál Araide was a Cruthin kingdom, or a confederation of Cruthin tribes, in north-eastern Ireland during the Middle Ages. It was part of the over-kingdom of Ulaid, its kings contended with the Dál Fiatach for the over-kingship of the province. At its greatest extent, the borders of Dál nAraidi match those of County Antrim, they seem to occupy the same area as the earlier Robogdii of Ptolemy's Geography, a region shared with Dál Riata, their capital was Ráth Mór outside Antrim, their eponymous ancestor is claimed as being Fiachu Araide. Dál nAraidi was centered on the northern shores of Lough Neagh in southern County Antrim. Dál nAraidi was one of the more prominent sub-kingdoms of Ulaid, with its kings contending with the Dál Fiatach for the over-kingship of the province for some centuries. To the north of Dál nAraidi in County Antrim lay the Dál Riata, the boundary between, marked out by the River Bush to Dál Riata's west, the southern boundary running from Ravel Water to just north of Glynn on the east Antrim coast.
In the mid-7th century the Dál nAraidi of Magh Line, ruled by the Uí Chóelbad dynasty, conquered Eilne to their north-west and a branch of their dynasty seems to have settled there. This branch of the Uí Chóelbad descended from Fiachra Cáech, brother of Fiachnae Lurgan, king of Dál nAraidi and over-king of Ulaid. Dungal Eilni, great-grandson of Fiachra Cáech and king of Dál nAraidi, was the first of this branch to be based in Eilne, however in 681 was killed at Dún Ceithern; this branch of the Magh Line Dál nAraidi became known as the Dál nAraidi in Tuaiscirt and Dál nAraidi Mag nEilne. The first reference to Dál nAraidi in Tuaiscirt can be found in the Annals of Ulster under the year 824. Between 646 and 792, the Dál nAraidi in Tuaiscirt held the overkingship of Dál nAraidi seven times, with two of that number becoming overkings of Ulaid. Cathussach mac Ailello, king of Eilne and Dál nAraidi, claimed as having ruled the over-kingdom of Ulaid for sixteen years, was killed at Ráith Beithech in 749.
Eochaid mac Bressal, who died in 832, was the last known king of the Dál nAraidi in Tuaiscirt to hold the over-kingship of the Dál nAraidi. The last known king of Dál nAraidi in Tuaiscirt is recorded in 883; the church of Cuil Raithin on the shore of the River Bann lay in Eilne and was said to have been founded by Cairbre, who subsequently became its bishop. According to the Tripartite Life of St. Patrick, written in the 9th century, the Dál nAraidi had granted this church to Saint Patrick; the Airgíallan dynasty of Uí Tuirtrí that lay west of the River Bann had been active east of it from as early as 776, by the 10th century had taken control of Eilne. Dál nAraidi in Tuaiscirt is said to have corresponded to the baronies of Dunluce Lower and North East Liberties of Coleraine, appears to correspond to the trícha cét of An Tuaiscert, it became an Anglo-Norman cantred called Twescard, which would absorb the cantred of Dalrede, with these two combined cantreds forming the basis for the rural deanery of Twescard.
A sub-division of in Tuaiscirt called Cuil an Tuaiscirt, meaning the "nook/corner" of Dál nAraidi in Tuaiscirt, was located in the north-west of the petty-kingdom near Coleraine. Its territory would form the basis of the barony of North East Liberties of Coleraine; the Dál nAraidi Magh Line, or the Dál nAraidi of Moylinny was the predominant dynasty of the Dál nAraidi. It was centered with Ráith Mór its royal seat. In the 10th century they are counted as one of twelve tuatha of Ulaid. Line may represent the name of an original population grouping, it was known as Mocu Aridi. Their territory at its height spanned southern County Antrim and northern County Down containing the tuatha of Magh Line, Dál mBuinne, Dál Sailni, it was known as Trian Congaill, meaning the "third of Congal Claen", became an alias for the territory of Clandeboye, named as such after the Clandeboye O'Neill's who conquered the area in the late 14th century. By the 10th century Dál mBuinne was counted amongst the twelve tuatha of Ulaid.
After the Viking era, Dál Sailni and its church at Connor, the principle church of Dál nAraidi was lost to the encroaching Uí Tuirtri. The royal seat of the Dál nAraidi Magh Line was Ráith Mór, located near Lough Neagh in the civil parish of Donegore, it is first recorded in the Annals of the Four Masters under the date 680 as Ratha moiré Maighe Line. Neighbouring Ráith Mór was Ráith Beag, is attested location where Áed Dub mac Suibni, king of Dál nAraidi and Ulaid, killed High King Diarmait mac Cerbaill in 565. By the 16th century Ráith Mór became known as Ráth Mór Mag Ullin, meaning "great fort of the MacQuillans", was burnt to the ground by Art mac Hugh O'Neill in 1513 after which it was never restored. Cráeb Telcha linked to modern-day Crew Hill near Glenavy, was the inauguration site of the Dál Fiatach kings of Ulaid, however it appears to have been the same for the Dál nAraidi prior to the 9th-century contraction of their territory. By the late 8th century, Dál Fiatach expansion had cut off the County Antrim and Down branches of the Cruthin from each other.
As a result, the County Down branch consolidated into the kingdom of the Uí Echach Cobo, based at Magh Cobo, "the plain of Cobo". They were styled as kings of Cuib. According to the medieval genealogies they are desc
Ó Duibh dá Bhoireann
The Ó Duibhdábhoireann family were a scholarly clan of Corcomroe, Ireland active since medieval times. Famed for their sponsorship of schools and knowledge of history and Early Irish law, the Uí Dhuibh dá Bhoireann were known throughout Ireland as a literary family and held estates in the Burren down to the mid seventeenth century at the time of the Cromwellian confiscations. Many acted as brehons for the local ruling dynasty of Uí Loughlin from the 14th century or earlier; the Ó Duibh dá Bhoireann, like the O'Hehirs and some other septs west of the Shannon in County Clare Ireland, belonged to the Eoghanacht stock claiming name and descent from the son of Aengus, King of Cashel, slain 957. The family settled in Burren in exact date unknown. We first hear of them as hereditary ollamhs to the O'Loghlens of that district, who are of the race of Fergus mac Roigh, of Ulster; the earliest reference to them in print is in the Annals of the Four Masters under the year 1364, where the death of Giolla na Naomh Ó Duibh dá Bhoireann, ollamh of Corcomdhruadh in Brehon law, is recorded.
The Ó Duibh dá Bhoireann law school at Cahermacnaghten has been the subject of archaeological and historical interest and its remains are still extant. The law school operated in the sixteenth and seventeenth century, with a Giolla na Naomh Óg Ó Duibh dá Bhoireann being recorded as one of its chief owners in the seventeenth century; the Ó Duibh dá Bhoireann's were recorded as still holding Cahermacnaghten in 1659, along with 13 Irish tenants. The most important surviving document associated with them is known as Egerton 88, being compiled between 1564 and 1569, it contains copies of some important texts of Early Irish law, in addition to a number of Old Irish literary tales. Oxford Concise Companion to Irish Literature, Robert Welsh, 1996. ISBN 0-19-280080-9 http://www.nuigalway.ie/archaeology/documents/fitzpatrick_report_on_burren_field_school_for_celt.pdf Síaburcharpat Conculaind from Egerton 88 at CELT http://www.clarelibrary.ie/eolas/coclare/places/townlands/cahermacnaghten.htm http://www.heritagecouncil.ie/fileadmin/user_upload/INSTAR_Database/Burren_Landscape_and_Settlement_Final_Report_08.pdf
Ulster loyalism is a political ideology found among Ulster Protestants in Northern Ireland who maintain a strong desire to remain part of the United Kingdom. Many Ulster Protestants are descendants of settlers from Great Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries. Like most unionists, loyalists are attached to the British monarchy, support the continued existence of Northern Ireland, oppose a united Ireland. Ulster loyalism has been described as a kind of ethnic nationalism and "a variation of British nationalism", it is associated with paramilitarism. Ulster loyalism emerged in the late 19th century, as a response to the Irish Home Rule movement, the rise of Catholic Irish nationalism. Although most of Ireland was Catholic, in the province of Ulster, Protestants were the majority. Ulster was more industrialized than other parts of Ireland and was dependent on trade with Great Britain. Loyalism began as a self-determination movement among Ulster Protestants who did not want to become part of an autonomous Ireland.
While some Irish Catholics were unionist, loyalism emphasized a Protestant and British heritage. These movements led to the partition of Ireland in 1921. Loyalists use'Ulster' as an alternative name for Northern Ireland. Since partition, most loyalists have supported upholding Northern Ireland's status as a part of the United Kingdom, i.e. unionism. The terms'unionist' and'loyalist' were used interchangeably; the term'loyalist' is now used to describe working class unionists who are willing to use, or tacitly support, paramilitary violence to defend the Union with Britain. Loyalists are described as being loyal to the Protestant British monarchy rather than to the British government and institutions. Garret FitzGerald argued that loyalists are loyal to'Ulster' rather than to'the Union'. A small minority of loyalists have called for an independent Ulster Protestant state, believing that they cannot rely on the British government to prevent Irish reunification. In Northern Ireland there is a long tradition of militaristic loyalist Protestant marching bands.
There are hundreds of such bands. The yearly Eleventh Night bonfires and The Twelfth parades are associated with loyalism; the term loyalist was first used in Irish politics in the 1790s to refer to Protestants who opposed Catholic Emancipation and Irish independence from Great Britain. Upon the partition of Ireland in 1921, six of the nine counties in the province of Ulster did not join the newly independent Irish Free State and remained a part of the United Kingdom. Academically cited records from 1926 indicate that at that stage 33.5% of the Northern Ireland population was Roman Catholic, with 62.2% belonging to the three major Protestant denominations. Tensions between Northern Ireland's Catholic population and its Protestant population led to a long-running bloody conflict known as the Troubles from the late 1960s to the late 1990s. Active parties Progressive Unionist Party, linked to the Ulster Volunteer Force and Red Hand Commando Traditional Unionist Voice and factions of the Democratic Unionist Party Former partiesProtestant Coalition Ulster Democratic Party Ulster Vanguard Volunteer Political Party Ulster Protestant League In Great Britain, a number of small far-right parties have and still do express support for loyalist paramilitaries, loyalism in general.
This includes the British People's Party and Britain First. Bigger and more moderate right-wing unionist parties like the Ulster Unionists or Democratic Unionists seek to distance themselves from loyalist paramilitary activity. However, Ian Paisley and his Democratic Unionist Party have been involved with Ulster Resistance and worked alongside loyalist paramilitaries such as the Ulster Defence Association in the 1974 Ulster Workers' Council Strikes and the 1977 Loyalist Association of Workers strike. Loyalist paramilitary and vigilante groups have been active since the early 20th century. In 1912, the Ulster Volunteers were formed to stop the British Government granting self-rule to Ireland, or to exclude Ulster from it; this led to the Home Rule Crisis, defused by the onset of World War I. Loyalist paramilitaries were again active in Ulster during the Irish War of Independence, more prominently during the Troubles; the biggest and most active paramilitary groups existed during the Troubles, were the Ulster Volunteer Force, the Ulster Defence Association /Ulster Freedom Fighters.
They, most other loyalist paramilitaries, are classified as terrorist organizations. During the Troubles, their stated goals were to combat Irish republicanism – the Irish Republican Army – and to defend Protestant loyalist areas. However, the vast majority of their victims were Irish Catholic civilians, who were killed at random in sectarian attacks. Whenever they claimed responsibility for attacks, loyalists claimed that those targeted were IRA members or were helping the IRA. M. L. R. S
Corcomroe is a barony in County Clare, Ireland. It is the southern half of the Gaelic tuath of Corco Modhruadh. Baronies were created after the Norman invasion of Ireland as divisions of counties and were used the administration of justice and the raising of revenue. While baronies continue to be defined units, they have been administratively obsolete since 1898. However, they continue to be used in land registration and in specification, such as in planning permissions. In many cases, a barony corresponds to an earlier Gaelic túath; this tuath, or territory, was coextensive with the Diocese of Kilfenora. At some point around the 12th Century, the territory was divided in two: Corco Modhruadh Iartharach and Corco Modhruadh Oirthearach known as Boireann; the territories were ruled by the Ó Conchubhair Ó Lochlainn clans, respectively. They became administrative baronies in the Lordship of Ireland in the late 16th century known as Corcomroe and Burren. Corcomroe Abbey, in the barony of Burren, itself was known as the Abbey of Burren, or Sancta Maria de Petra Fertilis.
The barony contains the villages of Ennistymon, Kilfenora, Liscannor and Kilshanny. It contains the civil parishes of Clooney, Killaspuglonane, Kilmanaheen, Kilmacrichy and Kilshanny. Corcomroe is mentioned in the Annals of Inisfallen: 907. Kl; the plundering of Lough Rí by the men of Mumu as far as Mairg Laigen and Mag Léna, as a result of which Mael Craíbe son of Cathalán, king of Cenél Fiachrach,and many others were slain. Cet, son of Flaithbertach, took the kingship of Corcu Modruad. Eight score ferryings by Cormac, king of Caisel, until they arrived in Cluain Moccu Nóis during that Christmas. 919. Kl. Death of Cet son of Flaithbertach, king of Corcu Modruad. A year of scarcity and hunger. 920. The slaying of Murchad son of Flann, king of Corcu Bascinn. 936. Repose of Aniudán son of Mael Gorm, king of Corcu Modruad. 983. A large fleet by Brian, son of Cennétig, into the territory of Connachta, portion of his force was slain there, i.e. Mael Sechnaill, son of Coscrach, Finn, son of Dubchrón, Lochlainn son of Mael Sechnaill, royal heir of Corcu Modruad.
His officials went by land into Uí Briúin, great slaughter was mutually inflicted upon them and upon the Uí Brúin. 993. A naval raid by Brian, he reached Breifne from Loch Rí by way of Áth Liac northwards. A great slaughter of the Connachta by the king of Corcu Modruad, namely, by Conchobar, son of Mael Sechnaill, Ruaidrí son of Coscrach, king of Uí Briuin, many others fell therein. 996. A slaughter of the Corcu Modruad in Connachta, in which Muirgius, son of Ruaidri, fell. 1003. The slaying of Conchobar son of Mael Sechnaill, king of Corcu Modruad, of Amlaíb, son of Lochlainn, of Aicher Ua Traigthech in the west of Connachta; the slaying of Conchobar son of Mael Sechnaill, king of Corcu Modruad, of Amlaíb, son of Lochlainn, of Aicher Ua Traigthech in the west of Connachta. 1015. Death of Domnall, son of Dub dá Bairenn, in a battle against the son of Bran. Cathal, son of Conchobur, Lochlainn his kinsman, were treacherously slain... both from their kingship. One followed the other in the kingship of Corcu Modruad.
Death of Aed Ua Ruairc, king of Bréifne. The foreigners of the Isles, viz. with the complement of seven ships, raided the Islands, they plundered Ara, Inse Mod, Inis Aingin, carried off one hundred and fifty as booty. 1016. The slaughter of Ára, in which Ua Lochlainn, royal heir of Corcu Modruad, was killed in Port Ciaráin in Ára, it was the Conmaicne. A great soughing wind in the autumn of the above year, it broke down woods and houses, people well-nigh died of terror. Death of Muiredach son of Cadla, king of Conmaicne Mara. 1017. Death of Donnchadh, son of Dub dá Bairenn, he was slain by Mael Muad. 1023. Great drought from the Epiphany until May. Ua Duib dá Bairenn was blinded. A solar eclipse this year, i.e. the spring of the black cloud. 1027. Death of Conchobar son of Mael Sechnaill, king of Corcu Modruad. AI1094.3 The Síl Muiredaig inflicted a great slaughter on the Corcu Modruad and on the west of Connachta, Ua Flaithbertaig, the grandson of Conchobar, son of Mael Sechnaill, escaped therefrom. Corc mac Fergus Kings of Corco Modhruadh List of abbeys and priories in Ireland
Lynch is a surname of English and Irish origin. Derived from the Norman-French de Lench and Kentish hlinc, the Lynch family originate at Cranbrook, Kent and - from Tudor times - were seated at The Groves in the village of Staple near Canterbury in Kent, their Coat of Arms consist of Three Lynxes Rampant and most of the family are buried at the Lynch Chancel in Staple Parish Church. Notable members of this family include: MP for Sandwich The Right Hon. Simon Lynch of Staple, Governor of British Jamaica Sir Thomas Lynch, High Sheriff of Kent Colonel John Lynch of Staple, Royal chaplain & Dean/Archdeacon of Canterbury Cathedral The Very Rev. Dr. John Lynch, The Reverend. George Lynch MA of Lympne in Kent, diplomat & MP for Canterbury The Right Hon. Sir William Lynch of Staple. Members of this family were Army officers, civil servants and City bankers who settled at Hythe, Kent. There are several different unrelated Irish families of which Lynch is the Anglicized form of including: Ó Loingsigh, meaning "descendant of Loingseach", Anglicized as Lynchy and Lindsey.
Their chiefs were lords of the kingdom of Dál Riata in north-eastern Ulster during the 11th century. Mac Loingsigh – Clynch, Mac Glinchy, MacClintock, McClinton Mac Loingseacháin – Lynchseanaun, Lynch de Lench, an Anglo-Norman name, which became ones of the Tribes of Galway, it is this wealthy landowning line. Coat of arms recorded among the heraldic offices in Dublin and London include that of Lynch of Galway: Blazon: Azure a chevron between three trefoils slipt or. Crest: A lynx passant azure collared or. Motto: Semper Fidelis, a Latin phrase meaning "always faithful". List of people with the surname Lynch Cruithin Kings of Dál nAraidi Lynch leaders of Galway Genealogy from 17th century Spanish university mentioning Lynch links between Galway and Meath
Armagh is the county town of County Armagh and a city in Northern Ireland, as well as a civil parish. It is the ecclesiastical capital of Ireland – the seat of the Archbishops of Armagh, the Primates of All Ireland for both the Roman Catholic Church and the Church of Ireland. In ancient times, nearby Navan Fort was a pagan ceremonial site and one of the great royal capitals of Gaelic Ireland. Today, Armagh is home to two cathedrals and the Armagh Observatory, is known for its Georgian architecture. Although classed as a medium-sized town, Armagh was given city status in 1994 and Lord Mayoralty status in 2012, both by Queen Elizabeth II, it had a population of 14,749 people in the 2011 Census, making it the least-populated city in Ireland and the fifth smallest in the United Kingdom. Eamhain Mhacha, at the western edge of Armagh, is believed to have been an ancient pagan ritual or ceremonial site. According to Irish mythology it was one of the great royal sites of Gaelic Ireland and the capital of Ulster.
It appears to have been abandoned after the 1st century. In the 3rd century, a ditch and bank was dug around the top of Cathedral Hill, the heart of what is now Armagh, its circular shape matches the modern street layout. Evidence suggests that it was the successor to Navan. Like Navan, it too was named after the goddess Macha – Ard Mhacha means "Macha's height"; this name was anglicised as Ardmagh, which became Armagh. After Christianity spread to Ireland, the pagan sanctuary was converted into a Christian one, Armagh became the site of an important church and monastery. According to tradition, Saint Patrick founded his main church there in the year 457, it became the "ecclesiastical capital" of Ireland. Saint Patrick was said to have decreed. According to the Annals of the Four Masters: Ard Mhacha was founded by Saint Patrick, it having been granted to him by Daire, son of Finnchadh, son of Eoghan, son of Niallan. Twelve men were appointed by him for building the town, he ordered them, in the first place, to erect an archbishop's city there, a church for monks, for nuns, for the other orders in general, for he perceived that it would be the head and chief of the churches of Ireland in general.
In 839 and 869, the monastery in Armagh was raided by Vikings. As with similar raids, their goal was to acquire valuables such as silver, which could be found in churches and monasteries; the Book of Armagh came from the monastery. It is a 9th-century Irish manuscript now held by Trinity College Library in Dublin, it contains some of the oldest surviving specimens of Old Irish. Brian Boru is believed to be buried in the graveyard of the St. Patrick's Church of Ireland cathedral. After having conquered the island during the 990s, he became High King of Ireland in 1002, until his death in 1014. In 1189, John de Courcy, a Norman knight who had invaded Ulster in 1177, plundered Armagh. Armagh has been an educational centre since the time of Saint Patrick, thus it has been referred to as "the city of saints and scholars"; the educational tradition continued with the foundation of the Royal School in 1608, St Patrick's College in 1834 and the Armagh Observatory in 1790. The Observatory was part of Archbishop Lord Rokeby's plan to have a university in the city.
This ambition was fulfilled, albeit in the 1990s when Queen's University of Belfast opened an outreach centre in the former hospital building. Three brothers from Armagh died at the Battle of the Somme during World War I. None of the three has a known grave and all are commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial to the Missing of the Somme. A fourth brother was wounded in the same attack. On 14 January 1921, during the Irish War of Independence, a Royal Irish Constabulary sergeant was assassinated by the Irish Republican Army in Armagh, he was attacked with a grenade as he walked along Market Street and died of his wounds. On 4 September 1921, republican leaders Michael Collins and Eoin O'Duffy addressed a large meeting in Armagh, attended by up to 10,000 people. During the Troubles in Armagh, the violence was substantial enough for the city to be referred to by some as "Murder Mile". Over the span of 20 years, 24 individuals were killed in 13 different incidents. Armagh City and District Council was a single district council until 2015 when it merged with Banbridge District Council and Craigavon Borough Council under local government reorganisation in Northern Ireland to become Armagh and Craigavon District Council known as the ABC council.
In the Armagh and Craigavon District Council election, 2014, a total of two Sinn Fein, two SDLP, one DUP and one UUP councillors were elected from Armagh electoral area. In 2018 the Lord Mayor of the ABC council was Julie Flaherty and the Deputy Lord Mayor was Paul Duffy. Armagh is part of the Armagh. In the 2017 elections, the following were elected to the Northern Ireland Assembly: Megan Fearon, Cathal Boylan, Conor Murphy, Justin McNulty of the SDLP and William Irwin of the DUP. Together with part of the district of Newry and Mourne, it forms the Newry & Armagh constituency for elections to the Westminster Parliament and Northern Ireland Assembly; the Member of Parliament is Mickey Brady of Sinn Féin. He won the seat in the United Kingdom general election, 2015; as the seat of the Primate of All Ireland, Armagh was regarded as a city, recognisably had the status by 1226. It claimed the title by prescription.