Brawn BGP 001
The Brawn BGP 001 is a Formula One world championship winning racing car, the design of, started by Honda Racing, completed and built by the team after it was renamed to Brawn GP. It was the first and only Formula One car constructed by the Brawn GP team, was used to contest the 2009 Formula One season; the car won eight out of the seventeen Grands Prix it competed in. It was notable for its unusual "double" diffuser, its legality was disputed though deemed legal by the FIA. On 18 June 2018, it was announced by Codemasters that this car would appear as a classic car in F1 2018. Honda Racing began development for their 2009 car early in the 2008 season. In December 2008, Honda announced their plans to withdraw from Formula One. Development of what would become the BGP 001 continued; the team were purchased by Team Principal Ross Brawn, the outfit renamed Brawn GP. It was designed by Loïc Bigois, in similar respects to all the other cars on the grid with a moulded carbon fibre and honeycomb composite monocoque and a front and rear wishbone and pushrod activated suspension system.
Remarkably, it was revealed that the modifications made to the car to accommodate its Mercedes engine saw six inches removed from the rear end compromising the car's center of gravity and by the time the team realized how much the car's balance had changed, there was no time to commission a new design. Ross Brawn admitted that there were fundamental problems with the car, stating that it was too heavy, that some of the parts were not good for the car, yet the car had one difference, focused on the rear so-called'double-decker diffuser'. The diffuser is at the rear of the car and is a route to get downforce by using the airflow under the car's floor; the BGP 001 had a different central channel to its diffuser with the shape of the structure being used to create advanced type of double-decker design. The diffuser's controversial aspect was the hole in the rear which increases the speed of airflow as it heads towards the higher rear venturi section, where it expands and creates more downforce.
Other teams argued. At the first race of the season in Australia an official complaint was launched by Renault, Red Bull and Ferrari against the diffusers of the Williams FW31, Toyota TF109 and the BGP 001 saying that they were illegal; however the race stewards rejected the other teams' complaints. Subsequently, the car was cleared to race in Melbourne; the same problem was faced in Malaysia after BMW failed. Over the controversy the'non-diffuser' teams, Ferrari, BMW Sauber, Red Bull, lodged an official appeal against the design and the date was set for April 13, 2009 for the FIA International Court of appeal. After discussing the legality of the diffusers throughout Tuesday a verdict was becoming clear. On Wednesday 14th the ICA concluded that the diffusers' designs were legal and complied with the 2009 regulations, rejecting the teams' appeal. With the diffuser change, the new rules in place for the 2009 season required cars to have narrower and higher rear wings and wider and lower front wings, designed to reduce air disturbance for following cars and hence make overtaking easier.
Slick tyres were re-introduced in the 2009 Formula One season, having been absent since 1998, this said to increase tyre grip by about 20%. The BGP 001 used a Mercedes-Benz FO108W engine, supplied through a customer deal. Per the 2009 regulations, the engine was a aspirated V8 and was rev-limited to 18,000 rpm; the car was engineered for a Honda-designed engine, however when Honda announced their withdrawal from the sport, a customer deal with Mercedes was obtained. It was reported that deals with Ferrari and Mercedes were available, the latter being chosen as it was simpler to integrate into the existing car. However, an unnamed senior Brawn GP engineer, after the title winning race in Brazil, was reported saying that significant and unconventional changes were made to accommodate the FO108W engine. Unlike Mercedes's other customer Force India, which took supply of both the engine and a McLaren-designed transmission, the BGP 001 used a semi-automatic transmission designed in-house at Brawn.
This provided seven forward gears and one reverse gear, was operated using two paddles located on the steering wheel. As with the engine installation, compromises were made with the gearbox, it did not sit in the ideal position because the crank-centre height on the Mercedes engine was different from the Honda. Brawn did not opt to use the KERS system, which would have provided an extra 80 bhp for up to 6.6 seconds a lap, due to the constraints such a device would place on the design of the car and the extra weight it would add. Ross Brawn had suggested. Per the 2009 Formula One regulations, Brawn GP were limited to using eight engines per car throughout the season; the limited availability of engines led to a record being broken by the Brawn team. Given the limited budget and development time, only three chassis were made: one for each driver and a spare; the spare was used by Rubens Barrichello in Singapore, while Jenson Button used the second Brawn chassis BGP 001-02 in every practice, qualifying session and race between the 2009 Australian Grand Prix and the 2009 Brazilian Grand Prix.
This meant. Chassis BGP 001-02 is owned by R
Bridgestone Corporation is a multinational auto and truck parts manufacturer founded in 1931 by Shojiro Ishibashi in the city of Kurume, Japan. The name Bridgestone comes from a calque translation and transposition of ishibashi, meaning "stone bridge" in Japanese; as of 2017, the company is the largest manufacturer of tyres in the world, followed by Michelin, Goodyear and Pirelli. Bridgestone Group had 181 production facilities in 24 countries as of July 2018; the history of Bridgestone America dates back to the two separate companies that merged to form Bridgestone Tire company. The first one is Firestone Tire & Rubber Company, founded in August 1900 by Harvey Firestone and was headquartered in Akron, Ohio; the second one is Bridgestone Tire Company Ltd. founded in 1931 by Shojiro Ishibashi in Japan. The first Bridgestone tyre was produced on 9 April 1930, by the Japanese "Tabi" Socks Tyre Division. One year on 1 March 1931, the founder, Shojiro Ishibashi, made the "Tabi" Socks Tyre Division independent and established the Bridgestone Tyre Co. Ltd. in the city of Kurume, Fukuoka Prefecture.
"Bridgestone" was named after the name of Shojiro Ishibashi. Foregoing dependence on European and North American technology, the Bridgestone Tyre Co. Ltd. set its eyes on manufacturing tyres based on Japanese technology. The fledgling company experienced many difficulties in the areas of technology and sales in the early days. Improvements were achieved in quality and manufacturing processes which led to the business expanding in domestic and overseas markets. Wartime regulations were in effect throughout Japan, tyres came under the jurisdiction of these regulations; this resulted in nearly all of the company's output being used to satisfy military demand. 1945 saw the end of armed conflict. The Tokyo headquarters was destroyed during an aerial bombing raid, all overseas assets were lost; the plants in Kurume and Yokohama escaped unscathed, production was able to resume after the war ended. Brushing aside the problems caused by a labour union strike that lasted for forty-six days, the foundations of the company were further reinforced after this.
After World War II Bridgestone started manufacturing motorcycles, but its main income was from supplying tyres to its rival motorcycle makers such as Honda and Yamaha and it was decided to cease motorcycle manufacturing. In 1951, Bridgestone was the first company in Japan to begin selling rayon cord tyres, a five-year project to modernize production facilities was started; this year saw another Bridgestone building opened in Kyōbashi, which contained the Bridgestone Museum. Sales surpassed ten billion yen in 1953, placing Bridgestone at the top of the tyre industry in Japan, celebrations were held to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the company's foundation in Kurume; the sale of nylon tyres was started in 1959, work forged ahead with the construction of the new Tokyo plant, opened in 1960, in order to cope with the fast-expanding market for motorization. The company issued stock shares and was listed on the stock exchange in 1961. A new system of administration was ushered in by Shojiro Ishibashi as the chairman, Kanichiro Ishibashi as the president.
As part of the transition across to administrative reform, the Deming Plan in honour of W. Edwards Deming, which involves overall quality control activities, was adopted, the company was awarded the prestigious Deming Prize in 1968. Additions were built onto the Tokyo plant in 1962 to house the new Technical Centre, a progressive system of research and development was established. On the product front, 1967 saw the sale of the company's first radial tire, the RD10. Bridgestone's first overseas plant since the end of the war was opened in Singapore in 1965, production was commenced in Thailand in 1969; the 1960s for Bridgestone was an era of overseas expansion that included the establishment of Bridgestone America in the United States in 1967 to act as Bridgestone's USA representative sales branch. At the start of the period of Japan's economic stagnation, brought about by the first oil shock, the company was placing more emphasis on establishing its own technology for the manufacture of radial tires, it was at this time that further domestic plants were constructed and fitted out.
Its Super Filler Radial was placed on the market in 1978, in 1979 the company introduced the high-performance POTENZA radial tire, from an Italian word for power. The company was engaged in overseas expansion activities at this time. In addition to starting up production in Indonesia and Iran in 1976, it invested in a Taiwan tire manufacturer and purchased a tire plant and a plant for diversified products in Australia in 1980; the founder, Shojiro Ishibashi, died on 11 September 1976. On 1 March 1981, the company celebrated its 50th anniversary. At the same time, the company initiated activities to strengthen its home base that supported overseas expansion strategy with the aim of being ranked as one of the world's top three manufacturers of rubber products. New production facilities were established in Thailand, Poland, the United States and other countries; the company changed the name from Bridgestone Tyre Co. Ltd. to Bridgestone Corporation in 1984. In 1988, Bridgestone purchased the Firestone Rubber Company of Akron, Ohio.
Placing considerable financial and personnel resources into rebuilding Firestone after the purchase, Brid
Renault in Formula One
Renault are involved in Formula One as a constructor, under the name of Renault F1 Team. They have been associated with Formula One as both constructor and engine supplier for various periods since 1977. In 1977, the company entered Formula One as a constructor, introducing the turbo engine to Formula One in its first car, the Renault RS01. In 1983, Renault began supplying engines to other teams. Although the Renault team won races and competed for world titles, it withdrew at the end of 1985. Renault continued supplying engines to other teams until 1986 again from 1989 to 1997 and at various other times since until the present. Renault returned to Formula One in 2000. In 2002 Renault re-branded the team as "Renault F1 Team" and started to use Renault as their constructor name, winning both the Drivers' and Constructors' Championships in 2005 and 2006. For the 2011 season the team competed under the name Lotus Renault GP but retained the Renault constructor name. In 2012, the team changed their constructor name to Lotus and operated as Lotus F1 Team until the end of 2015, when they returned to the control of Renault as a works manufacturer.
For the 2019 season "Sport" was removed from the team's official title. Renault has supplied engines to other teams, including Red Bull Racing, Benetton Formula and Williams. In addition to its two own F1 World Constructors' Championships and two Drivers' Championships, as an engine supplier, Renault has contributed to nine other World Drivers' Championships, it has collected over 160 wins as engine supplier. Renault's first involvement in Formula One was made by the Renault Sport subsidiary. Renault entered the last five races of 1977 with Jean-Pierre Jabouille in its only car; the Renault RS01 was well known for its Renault-Gordini V6 1.5 L turbocharged engine, the first used turbo engine in Formula One history. Jabouille's car and engine proved unreliable and became something of a joke during its first races, earning the nickname of "Yellow Teapot" and failing to finish any of its races despite being powerful; the first race the team, under the name Equipe Renault Elf, entered was the 1977 French Grand Prix, the ninth round of the season, but the car was not yet ready.
The team's début was delayed until the British Grand Prix. The car's first qualifying session was not a success, Jabouille qualified 21st out of the 30 runners and 26 starters, 1.62 seconds behind pole sitter James Hunt in the McLaren. Jabouille ran well in the race, running as high as 16th before the car's turbo failed on lap 17; the team missed the German and Austrian Grands Prix as the car was being improved after its British disappointment. They returned for the Dutch Grand Prix, the qualifying performance was much improved as Jabouille qualified tenth, he had a poor start, but ran as high as sixth before the suspension failed on lap 40. The team's poor qualifying form returned in Italy, he ran outside the top 10 until his engine failed on lap 24, continuing their awful run of reliability. Things improved at Watkins Glen for the United States Grand Prix as Jabouille qualified 14th, but the good pace from Zandvoort seemed to be gone as he once again ran outside the top 10 before retiring with yet another reliability problem, this time the alternator, on lap 31.
Jabouille failed to qualify in Canada. After this, Renault did not travel to the season finale in Japan; the following year was hardly better, characterised by four consecutive retirements caused by blown engines, but near the end of the year the team showed signs of success. Twice, the RS01 qualified 3rd on the grid and while finishing was still something of an issue, it managed to finish its first race on the lead lap at Watkins Glen near the end of 1978, giving the team a fourth-place finish and its first Formula One points; the team did not enter the first two races of 1978, in Argentina and Brazil, but returned for the South African Grand Prix at Kyalami. Jabouille secured Renault's best qualifying position to date, with sixth place, just 0.71 seconds behind polesitter Niki Lauda in the Brabham. He dropped out of the points early in the race before retiring with electrical problems on lap 39. At Long Beach, Jabouille qualified 13th, but retired as the turbo failed again on lap 44, he was twelfth in qualifying for the team's first Monaco Grand Prix, gave the team their first finish in Formula One, finishing in tenth place four laps down on race-winner Tyrrell's Patrick Depailler.
Expanding to two drivers with René Arnoux joining Jabouille, the team continued to struggle although Jabouille earned a pole position in South Africa. By mid-season, both drivers had a new ground-effect car, the RS10, at Dijon for the French Grand Prix the team legitimised itself with a brilliant performance in a classic race; the two Renaults were on the front row in qualifying, pole-sitter Jabouille won the race, the first driver in a turbo-charged car to do so, while Arnoux and Gilles Villeneuve were involved in an competitive duel for second, Arnoux narrowly getting beaten to the line. While Jabouille ran into hard times after that race, Arnoux finished a career-high second at Silverstone in the following race and repeated that at the Glen, proving it was not a fluke. Arnoux furthered this in 1980 with consecutive wins in Brazil and South Africa, both on high altitude circuits whe
A composite material is a material made from two or more constituent materials with different physical or chemical properties that, when combined, produce a material with characteristics different from the individual components. The individual components remain separate and distinct within the finished structure, differentiating composites from mixtures and solid solutions; the new material may be preferred for many reasons: common examples include materials which are stronger, lighter, or less expensive when compared to traditional materials. More researchers have begun to include sensing, actuation and communication into composites, which are known as Robotic Materials. Typical engineered composite materials include: Reinforced concrete and masonry Composite wood such as plywood Reinforced plastics, such as fibre-reinforced polymer or fiberglass Ceramic matrix composites Metal matrix composites and other Advanced composite materialsComposite materials are used for buildings and structures such as boat hulls, swimming pool panels, racing car bodies, shower stalls, storage tanks, imitation granite and cultured marble sinks and countertops.
The most advanced examples perform on spacecraft and aircraft in demanding environments. The earliest man-made composite materials were straw and mud combined to form bricks for building construction. Ancient brick-making was documented by Egyptian tomb paintings. Wattle and daub is one of the oldest man-made composite materials, at over 6000 years old. Concrete is a composite material, is used more than any other man-made material in the world; as of 2006, about 7.5 billion cubic metres of concrete are made each year—more than one cubic metre for every person on Earth. Woody plants, both true wood from trees and such plants as palms and bamboo, yield natural composites that were used prehistorically by mankind and are still used in construction and scaffolding. Plywood 3400 BC by the Ancient Mesopotamians. Cartonnage layers of linen or papyrus soaked in plaster dates to the First Intermediate Period of Egypt c. 2181–2055 BC and was used for death masks. Cob Mud Bricks, or Mud Walls, have been used for thousands of years.
Concrete was described by Vitruvius, writing around 25 BC in his Ten Books on Architecture, distinguished types of aggregate appropriate for the preparation of lime mortars. For structural mortars, he recommended pozzolana, which were volcanic sands from the sandlike beds of Pozzuoli brownish-yellow-gray in colour near Naples and reddish-brown at Rome. Vitruvius specifies a ratio of 1 part lime to 3 parts pozzolana for cements used in buildings and a 1:2 ratio of lime to pulvis Puteolanus for underwater work the same ratio mixed today for concrete used at sea. Natural cement-stones, after burning, produced cements used in concretes from post-Roman times into the 20th century, with some properties superior to manufactured Portland cement. Papier-mâché, a composite of paper and glue, has been used for hundreds of years; the first artificial fibre reinforced plastic was bakelite which dates to 1907, although natural polymers such as shellac predate it. One of the most common and familiar composite is fibreglass, in which small glass fibre are embedded within a polymeric material.
The glass fibre is strong and stiff, whereas the polymer is ductile. Thus the resulting fibreglass is stiff, strong and ductile. Concrete is the most common artificial composite material of all and consists of loose stones held with a matrix of cement. Concrete is an inexpensive material, will not compress or shatter under quite a large compressive force. However, concrete cannot survive tensile loading. Therefore, to give concrete the ability to resist being stretched, steel bars, which can resist high stretching forces, are added to concrete to form reinforced concrete. Fibre-reinforced polymers s include glass-reinforced plastic. If classified by matrix there are thermoplastic composites, short fibre thermoplastics, long fibre thermoplastics or long fibre-reinforced thermoplastics. There are numerous thermoset composites, including paper composite panels. Many advanced thermoset polymer matrix systems incorporate aramid fibre and carbon fibre in an epoxy resin matrix. Shape memory polymer composites are high-performance composites, formulated using fibre or fabric reinforcement and shape memory polymer resin as the matrix.
Since a shape memory polymer resin is used as the matrix, these composites have the ability to be manipulated into various configurations when they are heated above their activation temperatures and will exhibit high strength and stiffness at lower temperatures. They can be reheated and reshaped without losing their material properties; these composites are ideal for applications such as lightweight, deployable structures. High strain composites are another type of high-performance composites that are designed to perform in a high deformation setting and are used in deployable systems where structural flexing is advantageous. Although high strain composites exhibit many similarities to shape memory polymers, their performance is dependent on the fibre layout as opposed to the resin content of the matrix. Comp
Sebastian Vettel is a German racing driver who races in Formula One for Scuderia Ferrari. He is a four-time Formula One World Champion, having won consecutive titles from 2010–2013 with Red Bull Racing, is regarded by many as one of the greatest drivers in the history of the sport. Vettel moved to Ferrari for the 2015 season, is contracted to stay with the team until the end of 2020. In addition to holding a number of'youngest' records in Formula One, Vettel holds the record for the most consecutive race wins, as well as accumulating the third most race victories and podium finishes, the fourth-most pole positions. Vettel started his Formula One career as a test driver for BMW Sauber in 2006 and made his racing debut with the team at the 2007 United States Grand Prix, replacing the injured Robert Kubica. Part of the Red Bull programme, Vettel joined Toro Rosso in the season, was kept as a driver for 2008. In his first full season in Formula One, the 21-year-old became the youngest pole-sitter and race winner at the 2008 Italian Grand Prix, although the latter record was broken by Max Verstappen in 2016.
Vettel was promoted to Red Bull for the 2009 season, during which he won four races en route to becoming the youngest-ever World Drivers' Championship runner-up. The following year, Vettel became the youngest driver to win the World Drivers' Championship, helping Red Bull win their first World Constructors' Championship also, he followed up his first championship with three more titles in succession, becoming the youngest double and quadruple world champion in Formula One. The 2010 and 2012 titles were decided in the final round. Ending his long-term association with the team, Vettel activated a clause to end his contract with Red Bull at the end of the 2014 season. Soon after, it was announced that Vettel had signed a three-year contract with Ferrari for the 2015 season. In his first season with Ferrari, Vettel won three races and was the closest challenger to the Mercedes drivers; the next year however, he finished fourth in the 2016 championship in another winless season. Vettel and Ferrari enjoyed a resurgence in 2017 and 2018, winning a number of races and topping the standings a number of times in close World Championship battles with Lewis Hamilton.
However, both years saw. Vettel was born in Heppenheim West Germany, to Norbert and Heike Vettel, he has one younger brother and two older sisters: Melanie, a dental technician, Stefanie, a physiotherapist for disabled children. Vettel suggested in an interview that he was terrible at school, but he passed his school leaving exams at Heppenheimth's Starkenburg-Gymnasium with a respectable grade, he has said that his childhood heroes were "The three Michaels" – Michael Schumacher, Michael Jordan, Michael Jackson and mentioned that he wanted to be a singer like Michael Jackson, but realised that he could not as he did not have the voice. Vettel is a fan of The Beatles, collecting several records, including Abbey Road and his favourite song being "Drive My Car". In an interview on Top Gear, Vettel stated that he was a fan of British comedy such as Little Britain and Monty Python's Life of Brian. Vettel lives in Thurgovia, Switzerland amongst other racing drivers and is a fan of German football team Eintracht Frankfurt.
Vettel has described himself as competitive and impatient. Vettel appeared in advertisements for Head & Shoulders. Vettel provided the voice of character Sebastian Schnell in the version of the movie Cars 2 dubbed for German-speaking audiences. Vettel is in a relationship with a childhood friend. In January 2014, Vettel became a father for the first time with the birth of Emilie. In September 2015, Vettel became a father for the second time with the birth of his second daughter, Matilda. In 2015, Forbes estimated. On the Formula One circuit, Kimi Räikkönen, his Ferrari teammate for 2015 to 2018, is a close friend. Sebastian's younger brother, Fabian is a racing driver, he competed in the 2017 Audi Sport TT Cup, finishing ninth, competes in ADAC GT Masters driving for Mercedes. Vettel started amateur karting at the young age of 3½ and began racing in karts series in 1995, at the age of eight. Having shown early talent, he was accepted into the Red Bull Junior Team at age 11 in 1998, kept on winning various titles, such as the Junior Monaco Kart Cup in 2001.
In 2003, he was promoted to open-wheel cars and won the 2004 German Formula BMW Championship with 18 victories from 20 races. Having impressed in his first season of auto racing in 2003, Vettel was given a chance by Derrick Walker to test a Reynard Motorsport Champ Car in a two-day private test at the Homestead road course. In 2005 he drove for ASL Mucke Motorsport in the Formula 3 Euro Series, he was placed winning the year's top rookie honours. He tested the Williams FW27 Formula One automobile on 27 September as a reward for this Formula BMW success, he went on to test for the BMW Sauber team. He drove for Racing Engineering in one race of the Spanish F3 in Albacete. 2006 became a busy year for the 18-year-old racing driver that included being promoted to test driver for BMW Sauber in Formula One. Despite a competitive season with several victories, it did not yield any championship. Vettel finished as runner-up in his second season in the F3 Euroseries, behind serie
Total S. A. is a French multinational integrated oil and gas company founded in 1924 and one of the seven "Supermajor" oil companies in the world. Its businesses cover the entire oil and gas chain, from crude oil and natural gas exploration and production to power generation, refining, petroleum product marketing, international crude oil and product trading. Total is a large scale chemicals manufacturer. Total has its head office in the Tour Total in La Défense district in west of Paris; the company is a component of the Euro Stoxx 50 stock market index. The company was founded after World War I, when French President Raymond Poincaré rejected the idea of forming a partnership with Royal Dutch Shell in favour of creating an French oil company. At Poincaré's behest, Col. Ernest Mercier with the support of ninety banks and companies founded Total on 28 March 1924, as the Compagnie française des pétroles the "French Petroleum Company". Petroleum was seen as vital in the case of a new war with Germany.
As per the agreement reached during the San Remo conference of 1920, the French state received the 25% share held by Deutsche Bank in the Turkish Petroleum Company as part of the compensation for war damages caused by Germany during World War I. The French government's stake in TPC was transferred to CFP, the Red Line agreement in 1928 rearranged the shareholding of CFP in TPC to 23.75%. The company from the start was regarded as a private sector company in view of its listing on the Paris Stock Exchange in 1929; the company during the 1930s was engaged in exploration and production from the Middle East. Its first refinery began operating in Normandy in 1933. After World War II, CFP engaged in oil exploration in Venezuela and Africa while pursuing energy sources within France. Exploration in Algeria a French colony, began in 1946, with Algeria becoming a leading source of oil in the 1950s. In 1954, CFP introduced its downstream product – Total brand of gasoline in the African continent and Europe.
In 1980, Total Petroleum Ltd. a company controlled 50% by CFP, bought the American refining and marketing assets of Vickers Petroleum as part of a sell-off by Esmark of its energy holdings. This purchase gave Total refining capacity, a network of 350 service stations in 20 states; the company renamed to build on the popularity of its gasoline brand. In 1991, the name was changed to Total, when it became a public company listed on the New York Stock Exchange; the French government, who used to control more than 30 percent of the company's stock in 1991, reduced its stake in the firm to less than 1 percent by 1996. In the time period between 1990 and 1994, foreign ownership of the firm increased from 23 per cent to 44 per cent. Meanwhile, Total continued to expand its retail presence in North America under several brand names. In 1989, Colorado, based Total Petroleum, Total CFP's North American unit, purchased 125 Road Runner retail locations from Texarkana, Texas-based Truman Arnold Companies.
By 1993, Total Petroleum was operating 2,600 retail stores under the Vickers, Road Runner, Total brands. That year, the company began remodeling and rebranding all of its North American gasoline and convenience stores to use the Total name. Only four years Total sold its North American refining and retail operations to Ultramar Diamond Shamrock for $400 million in stock and $414 million in assumed debt. After Total's takeover of Petrofina of Belgium in 1999, it became known as Total Fina. Afterwards it acquired Elf Aquitaine. First named TotalFinaElf after the merger in 2000, it was renamed back to Total on 6 May 2003. During that rebranding, the current globe logo was unveiled. In 2003, Total signed for a 30% stake in the gas exploration venture in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia – South Rub' al-Khali joint venture along with Royal Dutch Shell and Saudi Aramco; the stake was bought out by its partners. In May 2006, Saudi Aramco and TOTAL signed a MOU to develop the Jubail Refinery and Petrochemical project in Saudi Arabia which targeted 400,000 barrels per day.
On 21 September 2008, the two companies established a joint venture called SAUDI ARAMCO TOTAL Refining and Petrochemical Company - in which a 62.5% stake was held by Saudi Aramco and the balance 37.5% held by TOTAL. During the 2009-2010 Iraqi oil services contracts tender, a consortium led by CNPC, which included TOTAL and Petronas was awarded a production contract for the "Halfaya field" in the south of Iraq, which contains an estimated 4.1 billion barrels of oil. As of 2010, Total operated in more than 130 countries. In September 2010, Total announced plans to pull out of the forecourt market in the United Kingdom. In November 2012, Total announced it was selling its 20% stake and operating mandate in its Nigerian offshore project to a unit of China Petrochemical Corp for $2.5 billion. In 2013, Total started the operation at Kashagan with North Caspian Operating Company, it is the biggest discovery of oil reserves since 1968. In 2013, Total increased its stake in Novatek to 16.96%. In September 2013, Total and its joint venture partner agreed to buy Chevron Corporation’s retail distribution business in Pakistan for an undisclosed amount.
In January 2014, Total became the first major oil and gas firm to acquire exploration rights for shale gas in the UK after it bought a 40 percent interest in two licences in the Gainsborough Trough area of northern England for $48 million. In July 2014, the company disclosed it was in exclusive talks to sell its LP