Concordia College (Moorhead, Minnesota)
Concordia College is a private college in Moorhead, Minnesota. Founded by Norwegian settlers in 1891, the school is associated with the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America and practices the liberal arts. Concordia is accredited by The Higher Learning Commission and has a total student enrollment of 2,531, it offers Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Music, Master of Education degrees. Since Concordia was founded, it has articulated a global curriculum. Students are required to take courses in health, communication and culture; the university maintains athletic teams in 22 sports and carries 19 music ensembles, including The Concordia Choir, The Concordia Orchestra, The Concordia Band. Concordia College was dedicated as a private academy on Oct. 31, 1891, by a group of one dozen Norwegian pastors and laymen who had settled in the Red River Valley. The school was founded on the property of the former Episcopalian Bishop Whipple School, which closed in 1887. English Professor I. F. Grose of St. Olaf College was asked to preside over the academy, which offered mixed-sex education in English literature, natural sciences, mathematics and organ.
The school opened with twelve students. In 1892, Rasmus Bogstad, a Norwegian pastor, raised funds to build a male dormitory on campus grounds, his efforts lead to the construction of Academy Hall. In 1893, Grose resigned and hired business professor Hans Aaker took his place. Aaker became mayor of Moorhead in 1900 and left two years when that job compromised his dedication to the school. Bogstad was established its liberal tradition. Under Bogstad, Concordia constructed a new academic building, now called Old Main. Rev. Henry O. Shurson held the presidency after Bogstad resigned in 1910, until Rev. Johan A. Aasgaard was appointed in 1911. Under Aasgaard, the nearby Park Region College and Bruflat Academy were merged with Concordia, a new library was built in what is now called Grose Hall. In 1925, Rev. John N. Brown became president and oversaw Concordia's accreditation by the North Central Association in 1927. Eleven years a female dormitory was built, named Fjelstad Hall, in 1947, a male dormitory was built called Brown Hall.
Rev. Joseph "Prexy Joe" Knutson became president in 1951, presided over the construction of 16 buildings and the increased enrollment of 1592 students. Under his leadership, the Concordia Annual Fund was established to raise money for the college's interests, which still continues today. Dr. Paul J. Dovre took the presidency in 1975, oversaw new college programs and articulated Concordia's Lutheran mission. Since 1999, the college has been presided by Rev. Thomas W. Thomsen, who implemented the design for a new campus center, Dr. Pamela M. Jolicoeur, who established plans for the college's Offutt School of Business. Construction on the Offutt School of Business was completed in late 2012, hosted students in the fall semester of 2013. Today, the school is led by Dr. William J. Craft. Concordia is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission, it offers 61 majors and 12 pre-professional programs. Master of Education degrees are offered, the most popular majors are business and communication; the college upholds a curriculum that centers on a global perspective.
Affiliated with the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, Concordia practices the liberal arts from the Lutheran theological tradition. Faculty are encouraged to retain Becoming Responsibly Engaged in the World as a thematic focus in their instructions; the college operates by a semester calendar and first-year students are required to take courses in health, communication and culture. An honors program is offered for motivated students. Concordia is included in the Open Doors survey of the top twenty baccalaureate institutions that send students abroad; the college offers instruction in nine languages. Moreover, students are permitted to study at two neighboring universities, Minnesota State University Moorhead and North Dakota State University, for course credit to their degrees; the college maintains five choirs, three bands, two orchestras, three jazz ensembles, two percussion ensembles, two handbell choirs. Music education began with the college's 1891 formation, when piano and organ lessons were taught by one instructor.
The college has since expanded to hold a music department of 45 faculty, which offers five Bachelor of Music degrees and two Bachelor of Arts degrees. The Concordia Choir is a 78-member mixed choir that travels internationally and has performed at major performance venues, including Carnegie Hall and the Kennedy Center; the choir was founded in 1919 by the college's voice instructor and began touring in 1923 under the direction of Herman Monson. The choir grew to national prominence in the following decades when Paul J. Christiansen, son of conductor F. Melius Christiansen and brother of Olaf Christiansen, became the director. Christiansen remained in the position for 49 years until composer René Clausen took over in 1986, who remains there today. Under Clausen, The Concordia Choir has released numerous recordings and has performed with the King's Singers; the college has put on an annual Christmas concert since 1927, which remains a tradition of the local community. From its inception, it has featured the music department's orchestra.
In 1940, Christianson began working with painter Cyrus M. Running to incorporate murals with the concert to reflect the music's themes. Running completed the designs until 1978, when their development was taken over by David J. Hetland, whose murals have traditionally extended 56-by-20 feet. After Hetland's 20
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States. Minnesota was admitted as the 32nd U. S. state on May 11, 1858, created from the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory. The state has a large number of lakes, is known by the slogan the "Land of 10,000 Lakes", its official motto is L'Étoile du Nord. Minnesota is the 12th largest in area and the 22nd most populous of the U. S. states. This area is the center of transportation, industry and government, while being home to an internationally known arts community; the remainder of the state consists of western prairies now given over to intensive agriculture. Minnesota was inhabited by various indigenous peoples for thousands of years prior to the arrival of Europeans. French explorers and fur traders began exploring the region in the 17th century, encountering the Dakota and Ojibwe/Anishinaabe tribes. Much of what is today Minnesota was part of the vast French holding of Louisiana, purchased by the United States in 1803.
Following several territorial reorganizations, Minnesota in its current form was admitted as the country's 32nd state on May 11, 1858. Like many Midwestern states, it remained centered on lumber and agriculture. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, a large number of European immigrants from Scandinavia and Germany, began to settle the state, which remains a center of Scandinavian American and German American culture. In recent decades, immigration from Asia, the Horn of Africa, the Middle East, Latin America has broadened its demographic and cultural composition; the state's economy has diversified, shifting from traditional activities such as agriculture and resource extraction to services and finance. Minnesota's standard of living index is among the highest in the United States, the state is among the best-educated and wealthiest in the nation; the word Minnesota comes from the Dakota name for the Minnesota River: The river got its name from one of two words in the Dakota language,'Mní sóta' which means "clear blue water", or'Mnißota', which means cloudy water.
Native Americans demonstrated the name to early settlers by dropping milk into water and calling it mnisota. Many places in the state have similar names, such as Minnehaha Falls, Minneota, Minnetonka and Minneapolis, a combination of mni and polis, the Greek word for "city". Minnesota is the second northernmost U. S. state and northernmost contiguous state. Its isolated Northwest Angle in Lake of the Woods county is the only part of the 48 contiguous states lying north of the 49th parallel; the state is part of the U. S. region known as part of North America's Great Lakes Region. It shares a Lake Superior water border with Michigan and a land and water border with Wisconsin to the east. Iowa is to the south, North Dakota and South Dakota are to the west, the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Manitoba are to the north. With 86,943 square miles, or 2.25% of the United States, Minnesota is the 12th-largest state. Minnesota has gneisses that are about 3.6 billion years old. About 2.7 billion years ago, basaltic lava poured out of cracks in the floor of the primordial ocean.
The roots of these volcanic mountains and the action of Precambrian seas formed the Iron Range of northern Minnesota. Following a period of volcanism 1.1 billion years ago, Minnesota's geological activity has been more subdued, with no volcanism or mountain formation, but with repeated incursions of the sea, which left behind multiple strata of sedimentary rock. In more recent times, massive ice sheets at least one kilometer thick ravaged the state's landscape and sculpted its terrain; the Wisconsin glaciation left 12,000 years ago. These glaciers covered all of Minnesota except the far southeast, an area characterized by steep hills and streams that cut into the bedrock; this area is known as the Driftless Zone for its absence of glacial drift. Much of the remainder of the state outside the northeast has 50 feet or more of glacial till left behind as the last glaciers retreated. Gigantic Lake Agassiz formed in the northwest 13,000 years ago, its bed created the fertile Red River valley, its outflow, glacial River Warren, carved the valley of the Minnesota River and the Upper Mississippi downstream from Fort Snelling.
Minnesota is geologically quiet today. The state's high point is Eagle Mountain at 2,301 feet, only 13 miles away from the low of 601 feet at the shore of Lake Superior. Notwithstanding dramatic local differences in elevation, much of the state is a rolling peneplain. Two major drainage divides meet in Minnesota's northeast in rural Hibbing, forming a triple watershed. Precipitation can follow the Mississippi River south to the Gulf of Mexico, the Saint Lawrence Seaway east to the Atlantic Ocean, or the Hudson Bay watershed to the Arctic Ocean; the state's nickname, "Land of 10,000 Lakes", is apt, as there are 11,842 Minnesota lakes over 10 acres in size. Minnesota's portion of Lake Superior is the largest at 962,700 acres and deepest body of wate
St. Catherine University
St. Catherine University is a private Catholic liberal arts university, located in St. Paul and Minneapolis, United States. Established as one of the first institutions of higher learning for women in the Midwest, the school was known as the College of St. Catherine until 2009. Today St. Kate's offers baccalaureate programs for women plus graduate and associate programs for women and men; the University averages about 5,000 students annually. It focuses on enrolling minority students and nontraditional-aged students. St. Catherine's Weekend College — now College for Adults — was the second such program in the nation and the first in the Upper Midwest. St. Kate's was the first private college in the nation to launch an effort to attract and retain Hmong students — making it home to one of the largest populations of Hmong scholars in the nation. St. Kate's ranks 11th in the 2018 “American’s Best Colleges - Regional Universities ” guide by U. S. News & World Report. St. Kate's placed second among Minnesota institutions in its category.
St. Catherine University was founded as the College of St. Catherine in 1905 by the Sisters of St. Joseph of Carondelet, under the leadership of Mother Seraphine Ireland; the University is named for St. Catherine of Alexandria, the fourth-century Egyptian lay philosopher who suffered martyrdom for her faith. A site for St. Kate's was chosen atop the city's second-highest hill in St. Paul — in the area now known as Highland Park. Hugh Derham of Rosemount contributed $20,000 for the first building. Derham Hall opened in January 1905, offering classes to high school boarding students and lower-division college students; the high school moved to its own campus and merged with the Lasallian-run Cretin High School to form Cretin-Derham Hall High School in 1987. Upper-division courses were first offered in the academic year of 1911–12. In spring 1913, Bachelor of Arts degrees were conferred on the first two students to complete four years at the new institution. In 1917, St. Kate's earned full accreditation from the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools.
During World War II, St. Kate's responded to a critical nursing shortage by expanding its programs to include a baccalaureate degree in nursing and assuming leadership of the St. Joseph's and St. Mary's hospitals and schools of nursing — and partnering with the U. S. Cadet Nursing Corps to provide students with financial assistance in exchange for nursing services. More than 170 St. Catherine alumnae served in military hospitals between 1942 and 1948. Prior to the 1970s, students would take classes at the nearby University of St. Thomas, a men's college; the St. Paul campus is the location for most day, evening/weekend, graduate program classes, with 110 wooded acres in the Highland Park neighborhood, a central location between the Twin Cities' downtowns. St. Kate's coeducational Minneapolis campus in the Riverside neighborhood offers associate degree and certificate programs in numerous healthcare fields. In 1887, the Sisters of St. Joseph responded to a need for trained nurses in the region founding the St. Mary's School of Nursing at St. Mary's Hospital in Minneapolis.
Student nurses in the three year Registered Nurse program lived in a dormitory at the hospital while studying first year academics at the College of St. Catherine. In 1964, the hospital program was opened under the title St. Mary's Junior College. St. Mary's offered associate degrees in healthcare, including the first occupational therapy assistant program and the first physical therapist assistant program in the United States. St. Kate's acquired St. Mary's Junior College in 1985. In 1987, Fairview Hospital combined with St. Mary's Hospital to become Riverside Medical Center. On June 1, 2009, the College of St. Catherine changed its name to St. Catherine University. Derham Hall and Our Lady of Victory Chapel are co-listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Over the years, 11 women presidents have overseen the growth of St. Catherine University: ReBecca Koenig Roloff'76, MBA Andrea J. Lee, IHM, Ph. D. D.. D.. D.. D.. D.. D.. D.. St. Kate's has nearly 60 baccalaureate majors, plus another 35 or so through the Associated Colleges of the Twin Cities, as well as dozens of minors and nine pre-professional programs.
St. Kate's is a member of the Associated Colleges of the Twin Cities, a consortium of five private liberal arts colleges located in Minneapolis or St. Paul; the partnership allows students to take classes or complete a major at any one of the other colleges. The University partners with 900 clinical training sites to make clinical education meaningful and relevant to St. Kate's students. Partner organizations include Allina Health System, Fairview Health Services, HealthEast Care System and Healt
Carleton College is a private liberal arts college in Northfield, Minnesota. Founded in 1866, the college enrolled 2,105 undergraduate students and employed 269 faculty members in fall 2016; the 200-acre main campus is located between Northfield and the 800-acre Cowling Arboretum, which became part of the campus in the 1920s. In its 2019 edition of national liberal arts college rankings, U. S. News & World Report ranked Carleton fifth-best first for undergraduate teaching. From 2000 through 2016, the institution has produced 122 National Science Graduate Fellows, 112 Fulbright Scholars, 22 Watson Fellows, 20 NCAA Postgraduate Scholars, 13 Goldwater Scholars, 2 Rhodes Scholars. Carleton is one of the largest sources of undergraduate students pursuing doctorates per one hundred students for bachelors institutions; the school was founded in 1866, when the Minnesota Conference of Congregational Churches unanimously accepted a resolution to locate a college in Northfield. Two Northfield businessmen, Charles Augustus Wheaton and Charles Moorehouse Goodsell, each donated 10 acres of land for the first campus.
The first students enrolled at the preparatory unit of Northfield College in the fall of 1867. In 1870, the first college president, James Strong, traveled to the East Coast to raise funds for the college. On his way from visiting a potential donor, William Carleton of Charlestown, Strong was badly injured in a collision between his carriage and a train. Impressed by Strong's survival of the accident, Carleton donated $50,000 to the fledgling institution in 1871; as a result, the Board of Trustees renamed the school in his honor. The college graduated its first college class in 1874, James J. Dow and Myra A. Brown, who married each other that year. On September 7, 1876, the James-Younger Gang, led by outlaw Jesse James, tried to rob the First National Bank of Northfield. Joseph Lee Heywood, Carleton's Treasurer, was acting cashier at the bank that day, he was killed for refusing to open the safe. Carleton named a library fund after Heywood; the Heywood Society is the name for a group of donors. In its early years under the presidency of James Strong, Carleton reflected the theological conservatism of its Minnesota Congregational founders.
In 1903, modern religious influences were introduced by William Sallmon, a Yale Divinity School graduate, hired as college president. Sallmon was opposed by conservative faculty members and alumni, left the presidency by 1908. After Sallmon left, the trustees hired Donald J. Cowling, another theologically liberal Yale Divinity School graduate, as his successor. In 1916, under Cowling's leadership, Carleton began an official affiliation with the Minnesota Baptist Convention, it lasted until 1928, when the Baptists severed the relationship as a result of fundamentalist opposition to Carleton's liberalism, including the college's support for teaching evolution. Non-denominational for a number of years, in 1964 Carleton abolished its requirement for weekly attendance at some religious or spiritual meeting. In 1927, students founded the first student-run pub in The Cave. Located in the basement of Evans Hall, it continues to host live music shows and other events several times each week. In 1942, Carleton purchased land in Stanton, about 10 miles east of campus, to use for flight training.
During World War II, several classes of male students went through air basic training at the college. Since being sold by the college in 1944, the Stanton Airfield has been operated for commercial use; the world premiere production of the English translation of Bertolt Brecht's play, The Caucasian Chalk Circle, was performed in 1948 at Carleton's Nourse Little Theater. In 1963 the Reformed Druids of North America was founded by students at Carleton as a means to be excused from attendance of then-mandatory weekly chapel service. Within a few years, the group evolved to engage in legitimate spiritual exploration. Meetings continue to be held in the Carleton College Cowling Arboretum. President Bill Clinton gave the last commencement address of his administration at Carleton, on June 10, 2000, marking the first presidential visit to the college. Carleton is a small, liberal arts college offering 33 different majors and 31 minors, is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission. Students have the option to design their own major.
There are ten languages offered: Spanish, German, Japanese, Arabic, Latin and Hebrew. The academic calendar follows a trimester system where students take three classes per 10-week term. In order to graduate with a degree from Carleton, students must take an Argument & Inquiry Seminar in their first year, a writing course, three quantitative reasoning encounters, international studies, intercultural domestic studies, humanistic inquiry, literary/artistic analysis, arts practice, formal or statistical reasoning, social inquiry, physical education; the average class size at Carleton is 16. 48% have 10–19 students, 24% of all classes have 2–9 students, 21% have 20–29 students, 5% have 30 or more students. The most popular areas of study are biology, political science and international relations, chemistry, psychology and computer science. Carleton is one of the few liberal arts colleges. Studying abroad is common at Carleton: 76% of the senior class of 2018 studied abroad at least once over their four years.
Carleton offers a number of its own programs each year, which are led by Carleton faculty and available only to Carleton students. In 2017-2018 there were 17 of such programs offered. Although m
Hamline University is a private liberal arts college in Saint Paul, Minnesota. It was founded in 1854 and is known for its emphasis on experiential learning and social justice; the university is named after Bishop Leonidas Lent Hamline of the United Methodist Church. Hamline was the first institution of higher learning in Minnesota and is one of five Associated Colleges of the Twin Cities; the university is composed of the College of Liberal Arts, School of Education, School of Business, the Creative Writing Programs. Hamline is a community of 1,668 graduate students. Hamline was named in honor of Leonidas Lent Hamline, a bishop of the Methodist Church whose interest in the frontier led him to donate $25,000 toward the building of an institution of higher learning in what was the territory of Minnesota. Today, a statue of Bishop Hamline sculpted by the late professor of art Michael Price stands on campus. Hamline is distinct for being founded as a coeducational institution, a rarity in 19th-century America.
Hamline's first home was in Minnesota. The school's charter stipulated that Hamline be located "at some point on the Mississippi between St. Paul and Lake Pepin." The city of Red Wing pledged about $10,000 to enable construction of a building and the beginning of an endowment, it donated a tract of land on a hillside overlooking the Mississippi River. Hamline University holds the title of the oldest university in Minnesota, it was charted in 1854 and began offering collegiate courses in 1857. While the University of Minnesota was chartered by the territorial authorities in 1851, it did not operate as a place of higher education until nearly two decades later; the first classes at Hamline were held in rooms housed on the second floor of the village general store while the construction of the classroom building was in progress. Students moved into the Red Wing building in January 1856; the original building contained a chapel, recitation rooms, a school room, a library, reading rooms, dormitory quarters.
Seventy-three students enrolled at Hamline in the opening year. The catalog lists them separately as “Ladies and Gentlemen,” but most of them were children or adolescents. All were enrolled in either the preparatory department. There was no collegiate division – the frontier had not yet produced students ready for college. Tuition ranged from $4.00 to $6.66 per term. The collegiate program was introduced in 1857, in 1859, Hamline graduated its first class. With the start of the American Civil War, enrollment in the college division dropped from 60 to 16 in one year. There was no graduating class in 1862. Records indicate. In 1869, the university shut down; the first building at the Red Wing site was torn down in 1872. It had been expected that Hamline would reopen on a new site within two years after the closing at Red Wing. In the end, a 77-acre Saint Paul prairie plot halfway between the downtowns of Minneapolis and Saint Paul was selected. Construction began in 1873, but by an economic depression had overtaken the planners, there were repeated postponements and delays.
University Hall, begun in 1873, was constructed in installments as money came in, was not completed until the summer of 1880. The doors opened on September 22, 1880, Hamline's history in Saint Paul began; the catalog for that year lists 113 students, with all but five of them being preparatory students. Tuition in the collegiate division was $30 per year. Two degrees were offered at the time: the B. A. and the B. S. In 1883, the bachelor of philosophy degree replaced the B. S. and remained in use until 1914, when the faculty dropped the PhB. and restored the B. S. degree. On February 7, 1883, University Hall two years old, burned to the ground. To replace the structure, plans for a new University Hall were prepared. Eleven months the new structure, the present Old Main, was completed. Emergency space for classrooms was provided by Ladies' Hall, which had opened in 1882. Other new construction included Science Hall, completed in 1887, the Carnegie library in 1907, the new gymnasium, completed in 1909.
When World War I came in April 1917, track and baseball schedules for spring were cancelled as enlistments and applications of officers' training depleted the teams. Hamline was designated one of 38 colleges in the country to supply men for ambulance work in France. Twenty-six men were selected for the unit and served in France with the 28th Division of the French Army. Ambulance work during World War I involved great personal danger and took great expertise to stay alive. Three former students of Hamline University, Wallace Ramstad, Glen Donaldson, Walter Gammel died in battle. One of the more notable situations the Hamline ambulance unit, otherwise known as Section 568, was involved in was the fighting in the Meuse-Argonne territory, which lasted forty-seven days. During the war, Section 568 proudly retained the banner that girl students from Hamline had sewn for them before their training. By the end of the war Section 568 received the Croix de Guerre from the French government for their service.
In the fall of 1918, a unit of the Students' Army Training Corps was established at Hamline, every male student became an enlisted member. The Science Hall was used for military purposes, with the basement becoming the mess hall and the museum and several classrooms being marked for squad rooms and sleeping quarters; the Great Depression and World War II created significant challenges for Hamline. The most difficult were the years in the early 1930s, in which the repercussions of the depression were intensi
Luther Seminary is a seminary of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America in Saint Paul, Minnesota. It is the largest seminary of the ELCA, it accepts and educates students of 41 other denominations and traditions. It is accredited by the Association of Theological Schools, it has theological accreditation through the ELCA as well as the United Methodist Church. Luther Seminary is the result of a series of mergers that consolidated what at one time were six separate institutions into one seminary. In 1917 three Norwegian-American Lutheran churches united to create the Norwegian Lutheran Church of America; the NLCA changed its name to the Evangelical Lutheran Church in 1946. and became part of The American Lutheran Church in 1960, the first inter-Lutheran consolidation in North American to involve denominations of differing national origin.. Each of the three churches in the NLCA operated a seminary: the Norwegian Synod's Luther Seminary in Saint Paul, had been founded in 1876; the merged seminaries occupied the site of the United Church Seminary because it was the most developed and elaborate, retained the name of the oldest of the three schools, Luther Theological Seminary.
Presidents of Luther Theological Seminary Marcus Olaus Bøckmann 1892–1917 Marcus Olaus Bøckmann 1917–1930 T. F. Gullixson 1930–1954 Alvin Rogness 1954–1974 Lloyd Svendsbye 1974–1982 Augsburg Theological Seminary renamed Augsburg University, was founded in 1869 at Marshall, Wisconsin moved to Minneapolis, in 1897 became the seminary of the Lutheran Free Church, it remained a separate seminary until 1963 when the Lutheran Free Church merged with the American Lutheran Church three years after that body's formation. At that time, Augsburg Seminary was merged with Luther Theological Seminary; the merged institution took the Luther Theological Seminary name and the 1869 founding date of Augsburg Seminary. Northwestern Lutheran Theological Seminary traces its origin to the Chicago Lutheran Divinity School, begun in Chicago, Illinois, in 1920 following action taken by the English Evangelical Lutheran Synod of the Northwest, a synod of the United Lutheran Church in America. In 1921, the seminary was moved to Fargo, North Dakota, the following year to Minneapolis.
From 1921 to 1982, its name was Northwestern Lutheran Theological Seminary. Located in north Minneapolis from 1922 to 1940 and in south Minneapolis from 1940 to 1967, it moved near the campus of Luther Theological Seminary in Saint Paul in 1967. At the time of the formation of the Lutheran Church in America in 1962, Northwestern Lutheran Theological Seminary was placed under the jurisdiction of two supporting synods: the Minnesota Synod and the Red River Valley Synod. Presidents of Northwestern Lutheran Theological Seminary Joseph Stump 1920–1935 Paul Roth 1935–1950 Jonas Dressler 1950–1957 Clemens Zeidler 1957–1976 Lloyd Svendsbye 1976–1982 Desiring to make witness to a shared mission in theological education and Northwestern seminaries were functionally unified in 1976, beginning with a single administration. After a period of six years, the two seminaries formally merged on July 1, 1982, as Luther Northwestern Theological Seminary. On January 1, 1988, Luther Northwestern Theological Seminary became affiliated with the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America formed by a merger of the LCA, the ALC, the Association of Evangelical Lutheran Churches.
The seminary's name was simplified to Luther Seminary on July 1, 1994. In the 2018 -- 2019 academic year, Luther Seminary served 490 total students. Luther offers a Master of Divinity degree for students seeking ordination, as well as Master of Arts, Master of Theology, Doctor of Ministry, Doctor of Philosophy degrees for other students. In the fall of 2013, Luther Seminary suspended new admissions to the Ph. D program for at least three years as part of budget cuts; the seminary was planning to again offer the Ph. D program, with classing beginning in the fall semester of 2018; as in most seminaries, M. Div. Students complete three years of theological education, divided into a junior year, middler year and senior year. A full year of internship in a parish, is an integral part of pastoral training, a degree requirement for ELCA M. Div. Students. While individual situations may vary, internship begins after two-thirds of coursework has been completed. Thus, most students complete internship between their middler and senior year.
The internship requirement is unique to the ELCA among the other mainline denominations in the U. S. Luther Seminary teaches works by the novelist Frederick Buechner. In 2014, Luther Seminary created the Lutheran Buechner Prize for Preaching. Marcus Olaus Bøckmann Carl Braaten Gerhard Forde Richard A. Jensen John N. Kildahl John O. Evjen Hans Gerhard Stub Jacob Tanner Terence E. Fretheim Johan Arnd Aasgaard Lowell G. Almen Stuart E. Barstad Paul Egertson Mark Hanson Robert Jenson John N. Kildahl M. Victor Paul J. A. O. Preus II Fredrik A. Schiotz V. Trygve Jordahl Norway Lutheran Church Official website
University of St. Thomas (Minnesota)
The University of St. Thomas is a private, Roman Catholic, liberal arts, archdiocesan university located in St. Paul and Minneapolis, Minnesota. Founded in 1885 as a Catholic seminary, it is named after Thomas Aquinas, the medieval Catholic theologian and philosopher, the patron saint of students. St. Thomas enrolls nearly 10,000 students, making it Minnesota's largest private, non-profit university. Julie Sullivan became its 15th president in 2013. Founded in 1885 by John Ireland, archbishop of Saint Paul and Minneapolis, St. Thomas began as an all-male, Catholic seminary. In 1894, the liberal arts program became an independent college through a gift from local railroad tycoon James J. Hill, who provided funds to establish the Saint Paul Seminary School of Divinity apart from the college. In 1903, the College of St. Thomas established a military program on campus, it was termed a military school by the U. S. War Department in 1906; the school gave out two-year diplomas in commercial and classical programs before awarding its first academic degrees in 1915.
In 1922, military training became optional. From the late 1920s through the mid-1930s, the Holy Cross Fathers, who run the University of Notre Dame, controlled the college's administration; the diocese called. During World War II, St. Thomas served as a training base for naval officers, which kept the school open when men who would have attended college were fighting in the war. After the war, in 1948, the college established "Tom Town" on the eastern end of the lower quadrant, the site to the O'Shaughnessey-Frey Library and O'Shaughnessey Education Center. Tom Town, made of 20 double-dwelling huts, consisted of white, barrack-like housing units for faculty and their families; the units helped to meet housing demand after World War II. In the latter half of the 20th century, St. Thomas started two of its most notable graduate programs: Education in 1950 and Business Administration in 1974; the school became co-educational in 1977 and although women were not allowed to enroll until female students from St. Catherine University took classes at St. Thomas.
Women were present as instructors and administrators on campus but the staff and administration has seen a vast increase in female employment since the move to co-education. In 1990, the College of St. Thomas became the University of St. Thomas and the following year, the university opened the Minneapolis campus. In 2001, St. Thomas reinstated its School of Law at its Minneapolis Campus. U. S. Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia was the speaker at the Grand Opening; the St. Paul campus is home to most undergraduate students; the main campus, built on a farm site once considered "far removed from town", is located where St. Paul's Summit Avenue meets the Mississippi River; the site was farmed by ex-Fort Snelling soldier William Finn, who received the property as a pension settlement after he accidentally shot himself in the hand while on guard duty. The western edge of the campus borders the Mississippi Gorge Regional Park. Summit Avenue, which runs through the middle of the campus, is the country's longest span of Victorian homes.
This tree-lined avenue includes the Governor's Mansion, F. Scott Fitzgerald's townhome, James J. Hill's mansion. In 2005, a new apartment-style residence hall was built on an existing parking lot. McNeely Hall was built the following year, it is a large classroom building for business. A new residential village, more parking ramps, general planning all have been negotiated with the surrounding neighborhood; these developments are expected to begin within the next five years. In early 2012, St. Thomas completed the final stage of its three building expansion on the St. Paul campus; the two main additions that were completed are the Anderson Athletic and Recreation Center and the Anderson Student Center. These projects were completed in the summer of January 2012, respectively; the Anderson Athletic and Recreation Center has a field house, basketball arena, weight room, swimming pool. The track in the field house is home to the most dominant track team in the MIAC conference. Other St. Thomas sports that use the AARC's facilities have had recent success, including a playoff run for the football team, a national championship for the men's basketball team.
The new Anderson Student Center is home to new food venues as well as entertainment options including a game room and a bowling alley, a coffee shop. An art gallery on the second floor is home to the American Museum of Asmat Art. In fall 1992, the university opened a permanent, 150,000 square feet campus at 1000 LaSalle Ave. in Minneapolis. The first building, named Terrence Murphy Hall in May 2000, is headquarters to the university's Opus College of Business. Artist Mark Balma created one of the largest frescoes in the United States on the arched ceiling of its atrium; the seven-panel, 1,904 square feet fresco was completed in the summer of 1994 and portrays the seven virtues discussed in the writings of St. Thomas Aquinas; the Minneapolis campus holds St. Thomas' School of Education, the School of Law, Schulze School of Entrepreneurship. On May 15, 2014, it was announced that the Daniel C. Gainey Conference Center was sold to Meridian Behavioral Health, LLC with a plan to convert it to a treatment facility for addiction and behavioral disorders.
The deal closed in August 2014. The deal included th