Darlington Raceway is a race track built for NASCAR racing located near Darlington, South Carolina. It is nicknamed "The Lady in Black" and "The Track Too Tough to Tame" by many NASCAR fans and drivers and advertised as "A NASCAR Tradition." It is of a unique, somewhat egg-shaped design, an oval with the ends of different configurations, a condition which arose from the proximity of one end of the track to a minnow pond the owner refused to relocate. This situation makes it challenging for the crews to set up their cars' handling in a way that will be effective at both ends. Harold Brasington was a retired racer in 1948, who had gotten to know Bill France, Sr. while competing against France at the Daytona Beach Road Course and other dirt tracks in the Southeast and Midwestern United States. He began planning a new speedway after he noticed the huge crowds while attending the 1948 Indianapolis 500 and thought, "If Tony Hulman can do it here, I can do it back home." Brasington bought 70 acres from farmer Sherman Ramsey, started making a race track from a cotton and peanut field.
However, he was forced to create an egg-shaped oval with one corner tighter and more steeply banked because he promised Ramsey that the new track wouldn't disturb Ramsey's minnow pond at the west side of the property. Brasington was able to make the other turn at the east side of the property wide and flat as he wanted, it took a year to build the track. Brasington made a deal in the summer of 1950 with France to run a 500-mile race in Darlington on Labor Day that year; the first Southern 500 carried a record $25,000 purse, was co-sanctioned by NASCAR and its rival Central States Racing Association. More than 80 entrants showed up for the race. Brasington used a 2-week qualifying scheme similar to the one used at the Indianapolis 500. Brasington was inspired by Indianapolis when he had the 75-car field aligned in 25 rows of three cars; these practices have been curtailed over the years as NASCAR adopted a more uniform set of guidelines with regard to the number of cars which could qualify for a race.
The race was won by Johnny Mantz in a car owned by France. In recent years the track has been reconfigured. Seating has been increased to 65,000, although it has been limited by the proximity of a highway behind the back stretch and another pond. Darlington has something of a legendary quality among older fans; the track earned the moniker The Lady in Black because the night before the race the track maintenance crew would cover the entire track with fresh asphalt sealant, in the early years of the speedway, thus making the racing surface dark black. Darlington is known as "The Track Too Tough to Tame" because drivers can run lap after lap without a problem and bounce off of the wall the following lap. Racers will explain that they have to race the racetrack, not their competition. Drivers hitting the wall are considered to have received their "Darlington Stripe" thanks to the missing paint on the right side of the car. On January 28, 2019, it was revealed on ISC's 2018 annual report that the raceway's track seating was reduced from 58,000 to 47,000.
For many years, Darlington was the site of two annual Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series races. One, the Rebel 400, was held in the spring while the other, the Southern 500, was always held on Labor Day weekend. In 2003, the Labor Day race was given to California Speedway, the Southern 500 was moved to November 2004 and was run as part of the Chase for the Nextel Cup. In 2005, NASCAR eliminated the Southern 500 altogether as a result of the Ferko lawsuit, offending many fans who had followed the sport for generations; the race was merged into the 400-mile spring race, moved to Mother's Day weekend. A 500-mile race named after a Dodge vehicle was held for the next four years, before the race was given the Southern 500 moniker in 2009; the move was the result of several factors. Darlington suffered from poor ticket sales in the spring. Part of this is due to the track's location in the Textile Belt of South Carolina, where there has been an ongoing general economic decline for many years. Additionally, there is little of interest to the average fan from outside the Darlington area other than the events at the track itself.
Many newer NASCAR venues are near major cities to avoid this problem. A further factor in the move was an ongoing desire by NASCAR to spread its events out over more of the country. However, the novelty having now worn off of many of these newer races and venues, several of them are now suffering much worse attendance than Darlington has experienced. Darlington received a $10 million upgrade in the largest investment in the track's history; this followed a $6 million upgrade the previous year, which included an entire repaving of the oval for the first time since 1995. In 2014, Darlington was run in April. In 2015, the Southern 500 returned to its traditional Labor Day weekend date. Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series Qualifying: Aric Almirola, 26.705 s – 184.145 miles per hour, April 11, 2014 Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series Race: Matt Kenseth, 3 h 32 min 29 s – 141.383 miles per
Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American film studio based in Hollywood, a subsidiary of the American media conglomerate Viacom since 1994. Paramount is the fifth oldest surviving film studio in the world, the second oldest in the United States, the sole member of the "Big Five" film studios still located in the Los Angeles neighborhood of Hollywood. In 1916, film producer Adolph Zukor put 22 actors and actresses under contract and honored each with a star on the logo. In 2014, Paramount Pictures became the first major Hollywood studio to distribute all of its films in digital form only; the company's headquarters and studios are located at 5555 Melrose Avenue, California, United States. Paramount Pictures is a member of the Motion Picture Association of America. Paramount is the fifth oldest surviving film studio in the world after the French studios Gaumont Film Company and Pathé, followed by the Nordisk Film company, Universal Studios, it is the last major film studio still headquartered in the Hollywood district of Los Angeles.
Paramount Pictures dates its existence from the 1912 founding date of the Famous Players Film Company. Hungarian-born founder Adolph Zukor, an early investor in nickelodeons, saw that movies appealed to working-class immigrants. With partners Daniel Frohman and Charles Frohman he planned to offer feature-length films that would appeal to the middle class by featuring the leading theatrical players of the time. By mid-1913, Famous Players had completed five films, Zukor was on his way to success, its first film was Les Amours de la reine Élisabeth. That same year, another aspiring producer, Jesse L. Lasky, opened his Lasky Feature Play Company with money borrowed from his brother-in-law, Samuel Goldfish known as Samuel Goldwyn; the Lasky company hired as their first employee a stage director with no film experience, Cecil B. DeMille, who would find a suitable site in Hollywood, near Los Angeles, for his first feature film, The Squaw Man. Starting in 1914, both Lasky and Famous Players released their films through a start-up company, Paramount Pictures Corporation, organized early that year by a Utah theatre owner, W. W. Hodkinson, who had bought and merged several smaller firms.
Hodkinson and actor, producer Hobart Bosworth had started production of a series of Jack London movies. Paramount was the first successful nationwide distributor. Famous Players and Lasky were owned while Paramount was a corporation. In 1916, Zukor maneuvered a three-way merger of his Famous Players, the Lasky Company, Paramount. Zukor and Lasky bought Hodkinson out of Paramount, merged the three companies into one; the new company Lasky and Zukor founded, Famous Players-Lasky Corporation, grew with Lasky and his partners Goldwyn and DeMille running the production side, Hiram Abrams in charge of distribution, Zukor making great plans. With only the exhibitor-owned First National as a rival, Famous Players-Lasky and its "Paramount Pictures" soon dominated the business; because Zukor believed in stars, he signed and developed many of the leading early stars, including Mary Pickford, Marguerite Clark, Pauline Frederick, Douglas Fairbanks, Gloria Swanson, Rudolph Valentino, Wallace Reid. With so many important players, Paramount was able to introduce "block booking", which meant that an exhibitor who wanted a particular star's films had to buy a year's worth of other Paramount productions.
It was this system that gave Paramount a leading position in the 1920s and 1930s, but which led the government to pursue it on antitrust grounds for more than twenty years. The driving force behind Paramount's rise was Zukor. Through the teens and twenties, he built the Publix Theatres Corporation, a chain of nearly 2,000 screens, ran two production studios, became an early investor in radio, taking a 50% interest in the new Columbia Broadcasting System in 1928. In 1926, Zukor hired independent producer B. P. Schulberg, an unerring eye for new talent, to run the new West Coast operations, they purchased the Robert Brunton Studios, a 26-acre facility at 5451 Marathon Street for US$1 million. In 1927, Famous Players-Lasky took the name Paramount Famous Lasky Corporation. Three years because of the importance of the Publix Theatres, it became Paramount Publix Corporation. In 1928, Paramount began releasing Inkwell Imps, animated cartoons produced by Max and Dave Fleischer's Fleischer Studios in New York City.
The Fleischers, veterans in the animation industry, were among the few animation producers capable of challenging the prominence of Walt Disney. The Paramount newsreel series Paramount News ran from 1927 to 1957. Paramount was one of the first Hollywood studios to release what were known at that time as "talkies", in 1929, released their first musical, Innocents of Paris. Richard A. Whiting and Leo Robin composed the score for the film. By acquiring the successful Balaban & Katz chain in 1926, Zukor gained the services of Barney Balaban, his brother A. J. Balaban, their partner Sam Katz (who would run the Paramount-Publix theatre chain in New York City from the thirty-five-stor
Laura Devon was an American actress and model. Laura Devon was born May 1931 in Chicago, her birth name has been given as either Mary Laura Briley. Her father was identified in the press as Merrill Devon, an automotive engineer, her mother as Velma Prather, she attended school in Grosse Pointe. She entered Wayne State University, majoring in journalism and political science, where she learned how to act in school theater productions. In 1954, she gave birth to her only child, who became a noted screenwriter. After performing in amateur theatricals and light opera, her first professional part was a lead in a production of The Boy Friend at the Vanguard Playhouse in Detroit. In 1962, she married Brian Kelly, son of Justice Harry F. Kelly a member of the Michigan Supreme Court and a former Michigan governor. Kelly was a fellow actor and, a month after their wedding, he and Devon appeared together on stage in Lillian Hellman's Toys in the Attic at the Laguna Beach Summer Theater. Two years he was to become well known for his role as Porter Ricks on the TV series Flipper.
They divorced in January 1966. In 1961, Laura Devon was discovered by Bob Goldstein of 20th Century Fox while she was singing at the London Chop House in Detroit, she tells the story of her coming to Hollywood in this way: During an eight-year period, from 1960 to 1967, Devon had featured roles in numerous popular TV shows. A 1962 appearance in Route 66 was her first significant part. Following that, she appeared in: Insight, The New Breed, The Twilight Zone, Stoney Burke, The Alfred Hitchcock Hour, Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre, The Rogues, Bonanza, I Spy, The Fugitive, T. H. E. Cat, The Big Valley, Coronet Blue, The Invaders, she had a recurring role on four episodes of Dr. Kildare and she was a member of the repertory cast that rotated major and supporting roles on the critically acclaimed series The Richard Boone Show. In addition, Devon appeared in five feature-length commercial films, playing Rusty Sartori in Goodbye Charlie, Julie Kazarian in Red Line 7000, Marie Champlain in Chamber of Horrors, Rosemary in A Covenant with Death and Edie in Gunn.
Devon was divorced four times. Her second marriage produced one child, born in 1954, her third husband was actor Brian Kelly, from 1962 to 1966, during which time he was starring in the television series Flipper. In 1967, she retired from acting. Jarre adopted Devon's 13-year-old son, giving the future screenwriter and actor his better known name, Kevin Jarre. Devon and Jarre divorced in 1984. Laura Devon released only one professional recording, a single: "I Like the Look" /"Dreamsville". Both songs were featured in the film Gunn, Devon's last film, she can be heard on the soundtrack to the 1975 film Mr. Sycamore, performing the song "Time Goes By", written by her husband, Maurice Jarre, lyricist Paul Francis Webster. Laura Devon died of heart failure in Beverly Hills on July 19, 2007, aged 76. Laura Devon on IMDb
Marianna Hill, sometimes credited as Mariana Hill, is a retired American actress who has predominantly worked in American television and is known for her starring role in the feature western film High Plains Drifter as well as many roles on television series in the 1960s and 1970s. Hill was born Marianna Schwarzkopf in Santa Barbara, California to architect Frank Schwarzkopf and Mary Hawthorne Hill, a writer who worked as a script doctor. U. S. Army General Norman Schwarzkopf Jr. was a cousin. Her father, a building contractor, worked in several countries, which resulted in Hill's education in California and Canada. During her teenage years her family settled in southern California when her father purchased a restaurant there. Hill's initial acting experience came, she worked three summers at the La Jolla Playhouse and gained more experience at the Neighborhood Playhouse School of the Theatre. She was a life member of The Actors Studio as of January 1980, she adopted her mother's surname as her professional surname.
She has appeared in more than 70 films and television episodes, most in Chief Zabu. Her film debut came in Married Too Young, she played Gabrielle in the Howard Hawks film, Red Line 7000 and co-starred in the Elvis Presley films Roustabout and Paradise, Hawaiian Style. Hill guest-starred in several 1960s sitcoms, including My Three Sons, Hogan's Heroes and Love American Style, as well as in the original Star Trek series and Perry Mason, she guest-starred in Bonanza, Death Valley Days, The High Chaparral, The Wild Wild West, The F. B. I. Mission: Impossible, Quincy, M. E. S. W. A. T. Kung Fu, The Outer Limits, Batman, Daniel Boone, The Tall Man and the first pilot movie for Harry O. Marianna Hill on IMDb Marianna Hill at AllMovie
A Girl in Every Port (1928 film)
A Girl in Every Port is a 1928 American silent comedy film based on an original story by Howard Hawks, who directed the film as well. The feature stars Victor McLaglen, Robert Armstrong, Louise Brooks, it was produced and distributed by the Fox Film Corporation, which remade it as Goldie in 1931, with Spencer Tracy and Jean Harlow. A print of the 1928 movie exists at the George Eastman House and a DVD-R was released in 2002. Spike travels the world as the mate of a schooner, he has a little address book full of sweethearts, but everywhere he goes, he finds that someone has been there before him, leaving behind with each girl a heart-shaped charm with an anchor inscribed on it. In Central America, he takes a dislike to another sailor, but before they can settle their differences, they brawl with the police and are thrown in jail. Spike notices that Salami has a ring shaped like a heart with an anchor inscribed, he has found his nemesis. When they are released, they look for a private place to fight, but accidentally fall into the water.
Oddly, Spike cannot swim, so when Salami rescues him, they become the best of friends. Inseparable, they sail the seas on the same ships. Just before they reach Marseille, Spike tells Salami he has saved enough money to buy a house and some horses and chickens, but Salami scoffs at the idea; when they dock, Salami has to stay aboard due to a toothache and worries the Spike will get into trouble without him. Sure enough, what happens. At a carnival, Spike becomes entranced by the high diver "Mam'selle Godiva"; when the barker signals her that Spike gave him the most money to watch her performance, she latches onto him. He is so in love with her; when Spike first introduces Salami to her, Salami recognizes her. She was his girlfriend at Coney Island, she makes it clear that she would much like to renew their relationship, but he is not interested, nor does he want to hurt Spike by telling him the truth. One night, she sends Spike on an errand, she tells him that she is about to drop him. Salami refuses to take her back.
However, Spike finds her there. He spots Salami's unmade bed, so he assumes the worst. Meanwhile, Salami yells for his friend's help. Spike knocks the two men out does the same to Salami. After thinking over all the fun they had however, he asks Salami if he betrayed him; when Salami says no, they become friends again. Victor McLaglen as Spike Madden Robert Armstrong as Salami Louise Brooks as Marie Maria Casajuana as Chiquita Natalie Joyce as Girl in Panama Francis McDonald as Gang Leader Leila Hyams as Sailor's Wife Natalie Kingston as South Sea Island Girl Sally Rand as Girl in Bombay Dorothy Mathews as Girl in Panama Elena Jurado as Girl in Panama Phalba Morgan as Lena, girl in Holland Felix Valle as Lena's husband Greta Yoltz as Other girl in Holland Caryl Lincoln as Girl from Liverpool William Demarest Myrna Loy Howard Hawks went on to direct many notable movies, Bringing Up Baby, Sergeant York, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes and Rio Bravo. Author Todd McCarthy wrote in his book Howard Hawks: The Grey Fox of Hollywood, that A Girl in Every Port is considered by film scholars to be the most important film of Hawks's silent career because it is his first film to introduce many of the Hawksian themes and characters that would continue until his final films.
It was his first "love story between two men," with two men bonding over their duty and careers and considering their friendship to be more important than relationships with women. In his book Hawks on Hawks, Joseph McBride asked the director: "What is the reason for the running bit of business in A Girl in Every Port of one guy pulling the other guy’s finger?" Hawks replied: "You hit anybody hard? Your finger goes out of joint, somebody takes it and pulls it back into joint. I hit Hemingway, I broke the whole back of my hand. I wish it had just gone out of joint." McBride asks him why he hit Hemingway, which Hawks replies: "He just said, Can you hit? I broke my whole hand, he laughed like hell, he sat up all night making a splint out of a tomato can so that I could go shooting with him the next morning. It didn’t do my hand any good. It’s an different shape." McBride asks of Hawks: "Was the finger business in A Girl in Every Port supposed to be a gesture of friendship? You used it again with Kirk Douglas and Dewey Martin in The Big Sky."
Hawks stated, "Oh, it’s just like Wayne rolling cigarettes for Dean Martin. One thing you can do is look at all the pictures I’ve made, you’ll see that nobody pats another on the back. That’s the goddamnedest inane thing I’ve known." During the film's run at the Fox Theater in Washington D. C. a detachment of 50 Coast Guard officers were recruited to appear at the theater for the inauguration of Semper Paratus, the official song of the U. S. Coast Guard; the song had been written by an officer and adopted by Admiral Frederick C. Billard, Commandant of the Coast Guard; the officers appeared at each performance during the rendition of the song. The 78-minutes available version omits chapters with girls in Liverpool, a South Sea Island and Bombay; these girls are mentioned in publicity. Swiss writer Blaise Cendrars said the film "definitively marked the first appearance of contemporary cinema", that the movie represented the first of
Howard Winchester Hawks was an American film director and screenwriter of the classic Hollywood era. Critic Leonard Maltin called him "the greatest American director, not a household name." A versatile film director, Hawks explored many genres such as comedies, gangster films, science fiction, film noir, westerns. His most popular films include Scarface, Bringing Up Baby, Only Angels Have Wings, His Girl Friday, To Have and Have Not, The Big Sleep, Red River, The Thing from Another World, Rio Bravo, his frequent portrayals of strong, tough-talking female characters came to define the "Hawksian woman". In 1942, Hawks was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director for Sergeant York. In 1974, he was awarded an Honorary Academy Award as "a master American filmmaker whose creative efforts hold a distinguished place in world cinema." His work has influenced various popular and respected directors such as Martin Scorsese, Robert Altman, Jean-Luc Godard, John Carpenter, Quentin Tarantino. Howard Winchester Hawks was born in Indiana.
He was the first-born child of Frank Winchester Hawks, a wealthy paper manufacturer, his wife, Helen Brown, the daughter of a wealthy industrialist. Hawks's family on his father's side were American pioneers and his ancestor John Hawks had emigrated from England to Massachusetts in 1630; the family settled in Goshen and by the 1890s was one of the wealthiest families in the Midwest, due to the profitable Goshen Milling Company. Hawks's maternal grandfather, C. W. Howard, had homesteaded in Neenah, Wisconsin in 1862 at age 17. Within 15 years he had made his fortune in other industrial endeavors. Frank Hawks and Helen Howard met in the early 1890s and married in 1895. Howard Hawks was the eldest of five children and his birth was followed by Kenneth Neil Hawks, William Bellinger Hawks, Grace Louise Hawks and Helen Bernice Hawks. In 1898, the family moved to Neenah, Wisconsin where Frank Hawks began working for his father-in-law's Howard Paper Company. Between 1906 and 1909, the Hawks family began to spend more time in Pasadena, California during the cold Wisconsin winters in order to improve Helen Hawks's ill health.
They began to spend only their summers in Wisconsin before permanently moving to Pasadena in 1910. The family settled in a house down the street from Throop Polytechnic Institute and the Hawks children began attending the school's Polytechnic Elementary School in 1907. Hawks was an average student and did not excel in sports, but by 1910 had discovered coaster racing, an early form of soapbox racing. In 1911, Hawks's youngest sibling Helen died of food poisoning. From 1910 to 1912, Hawks attended Pasadena High School, but in 1912, the Hawks family moved to nearby Glendora, where Frank Hawks owned orange groves. Hawks finished his junior year of high school at Citrus Union High School in Glendora. During this time he worked as a barnstorming pilot, he was sent to Phillips Exeter Academy in New Hampshire from 1913 to 1914. Though he was seventeen, he was admitted as a lower middleclassman, the equivalent of a sophomore. While in New England, Hawks attended the theaters in nearby Boston. In 1914, Hawks graduated from Pasadena High School that year.
Skilled in tennis, by eighteen years old, Hawks won the United States Junior Tennis Championship. That same year, Hawks was accepted to Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, where he majored in mechanical engineering and was a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon, his college friend Ray S. Ashbury remembered Hawks spending more of his time playing craps and drinking alcohol than studying, although Hawks was known to be a voracious reader of popular American and English novels in college. While working in the film industry during his 1916 summer vacation, Hawks made an unsuccessful attempt to transfer to Stanford University, he returned to Cornell that September, leaving in April 1917 to join the Army when the United States entered World War I. During World War I, he taught aviators to fly and he used these experiences as influence for future aviation films such as The Dawn Patrol. Like many college students who joined the armed services during the war, he received a degree in absentia in 1918. Before Hawks was called for active duty, he returned to Hollywood and by the end of April 1917 was working on a Cecil B.
DeMille film. Howard Hawks's interest and passion for aviation led him to many important experiences and acquaintances. In 1916, Hawks met Victor Fleming, a Hollywood cinematographer, an auto mechanic and early aviator. Hawks had begun racing and working on a Mercer race car—bought for him by his grandfather, C. W. Howard—during his 1916 summer vacation in California, he met Fleming when the two men raced on a dirt track and caused an accident. This meeting led to Hawks's first job in the film industry, as a prop boy on the Douglas Fairbanks film In Again, Out Again for Famous Players-Lasky. According to Hawks, a new set needed to be built when the studio's set designer was unavailable, so Hawks volunteered to do the job himself, much to Fairbanks's satisfaction, he was next employed as a prop boy and general assistant on an unspecified film directed by Cecil B. DeMille.. By the end of
Fazil is a 1928 American silent drama film directed by Howard Hawks and written by Philip Klein and Seton I. Miller; the film stars Charles Farrell, Greta Nissen, John Boles, Mae Busch, Tyler Brooke and John T. Murray; the film was released on June 1928, by Fox Film Corporation. A Middle Eastern prince has an affair with a Parisienne showgirl. Charles Farrell as Prince Fazil Greta Nissen as Fabienne John Boles as John Clavering Mae Busch as Helen Dubreuze Tyler Brooke as Jacques Dubreuze John T. Murray as Gondolier Vadim Uraneff as Ahmed. Josephine Borio as Aicha Eddie Sturgis as Rice Erville Alderson as Iman Idris Dale Fuller as Zouroya Hank Mann as Ali Fazil on IMDb