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Red Room (White House)

The Red Room is one of three state parlors on the State Floor in the White House, the home of the President of the United States in Washington, D. C. in the United States. The room has served as a parlor and music room, recent presidents have held small dinner parties in it, it has been traditionally decorated in shades of red. The room is 28 by 22.5 feet. It has six doors, which open into the Cross Hall, Blue Room, South Portico, State Dining Room. Benjamin Latrobe's 1803 drawing of the White House's first floor indicates that the Red Room served as "the President's Antichamber" for the president's "Library & Cabinet" next door in the location of the present State Dining Room. During the administration of John Adams, it served as a breakfast room. Jefferson kept a caged magpie in the room. During the James Madison administration, the antechamber became the "Yellow Drawing Room" and the scene of Dolley Madison's fashionable Wednesday night receptions. Dolley ordered a piano she wanted, along with red velvet curtains for the room.

The White House was gutted in 1814 when the British set fire to the structure during the Burning of Washington. It was reconstructed during the administration of President James Monroe, the door and window frames and doors themselves date to this era. Monroe purchased furnishings for the Red Room in the Empire style, as he had for the Blue Room, to furnish the rebuilt White House. Gilbert Stuart's portrait of George Washington hung in the Red Room, providing the colloquial name the "Washington Parlor." Stuart's 1804 portrait of Dolley Madison was hung here. The fireplace mantel was one of two purchased by President James Monroe in 1817. Carved of white marble in France in the Empire style, it and its partner were installed in the State Dining Room. In 1902, President Theodore Roosevelt selected Charles Follen McKim of the New York architectural firm McKim, Mead & White to renovate the White House. McKim fashioned all new mantels for the State Dining Room, reused one of the 1817 mantels in the Red Room.

The walls were hung with burgundy silk velvet. A late nineteenth century suite of stuffed Turkish-style furniture was upholstered in the same shade. Addition of a new attic story during the Coolidge administration placed great strain on the building's structure. By 1951 the house had become unsound and President Truman directed a major reconstruction; the building's interior was dismantled, with some of the architectural elements being numbered and stored. After a steel infrastructure was installed, those elements were restored in their original configuration; the Red Room reconstructed during this period. Installation of air conditioning in 1953 and 1954 required the ceiling height be reduced by 18" and a new plaster ceiling with a somewhat generic pattern of stars was installed. Having nearly no furniture original to the house, Truman hired the New York department store B. Altman's design department to oversee the refurnishing of the house. In the Red Room, a red silk damask in the same pattern as before the reconstruction was installed on the walls.

The Louis XVI style mantel clock is French, c. 1780–85, was a gift to the American nation in 1954 from President Vincent Auriol of France following completion of the Truman reconstruction of the house. Jacqueline Kennedy made extensive renovations to the White House in 1961 and 1962; when the Kennedy family first moved into the White House, the Red Room were arranged and decorated using existing items by Sister Parish, Mrs. Kennedy's long-time friend and interior decorator. Parish rearranged the Red Room, but did no refurbishment of it. By the middle of 1961, however, as the wider Kennedy renovation of the White House moved into high gear, Parish's Red Room decor was dismantled and she no longer played much of a role in the renovation; the Kennedy renovation was overseen by American antiques autodidact Henry Francis du Pont and French interior designer Stéphane Boudin and his company, Maison Jansen. Kennedy established an advisory Committee on Fine Arts made up of museum professionals as well as wealthy individuals interested in antiques.

Kennedy was an ardent admirer of French interior design, the Red Room was not only the first room to be redesigned during the Kennedy renovation but the room refurbished completely in a French style. But because the involvement of a French interior decorator was considered politically unpalatable to the American people, Boudin's role in redecorating the Red Room was not mentioned and the refurbishment was for many years attributed to Parish. Boudin, rather than du Pont, proved to have the greatest impact on the Red Room. About June 1961, Boudin proposed two alternative treatments for the walls; the more elaborate of these featured cerise silk upholstery for the walls, with a broad band of gold decorative "tape" around the inside of each panel. The second proposal omitted the decorative band. In August, du Pont agreed; the second proposal was approved by Kennedy Parish assisted by attempting to find a manufacturer who could not only duplicate the colors Boudin wanted but the various medallion patterns he proposed.

The New York textile manufacturer Bergamo was approached, but problems with design and cost forced Parish to utilize the Scalamandré firm instead. The wall covering was put in place in late 1961. Du Pont suggested the room be made over using Duncan Phyfe furniture, while Gerald Shea of the Committee on Fine Arts felt that American Empi

St Fagan's Church, Trecynon

St Fagan's Church is a Grade II-listed Anglican church in the village of Trecynon near Aberdare, Rhondda Cynon Taf, Wales. It was built in the mid-nineteenth century in the Gothic Revival style, but burned down a few years and was rebuilt; the church was designed by the architect Thomas Talbot Bury of London and built between 1851 and 1853 at a cost of £1,795. However, it burnt down on 12 January 1856 and had to be rebuilt at a cost of £5,000. Both of these costs were met by Lady Harriet Clive of St Fagans Castle near Cardiff; the building had a southwest tower added in 1909. It received a heritage listing of Grade II on 1 October 1991. In March 2007 the church made the national news headlines when the vicar Rev. Paul Bennett, who lived in the Vicarage behind the church, was found stabbed to death in the churchyard. Bennett played the church organ too. 500 people attended his funeral at the church on 3 April 2007. His killer had been suffering from paranoid schizophrenia and had lived in a flat overlooking the churchyard.

The church, in a Decorated Gothic style, has snecked Duffryn rubble walls with bath stone dressings, stepped buttresses with a slate roof, gables with parapets and crucifix finials. The interior has a three-bay chancel with circular columns; the Parish of St Fagans Aberdare

Roman Catholic Diocese of Ozieri

The Diocese of Ozieri is a Roman Catholic bishopric in Sardinia, Italy. It is a suffragan of the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Sassari; the historical Diocese of Bisarchio was in the province of Sassari, district of Nuoro, with the episcopal residence at Ozieri. The first bishop mentioned is Costantino Madrone, succeeded in 1116 by Bishop Pietro; the cathedral was built in 1153. The bishop's residence changed several times, to Giracle, again to Ardera. In 1503, at the death of Fra Calcerando, bishop of this see, Bisarchio was incorporated into the diocese of Alghero; the diocese was reestablished by Pope Pius VII in his Bull of 9 March, 1803, given to Giannantioco Azzei, in 1819 archbishop of Oristano, his native place. The episcopal residence was definitely transferred to Ozieri; the change of name took place in 1915. Erected: 9 March 1804Latin Name: Bisarchiensis Giovanni Antioco Azzei Domenico Pes, Sch. P. Serafino Carchero, O. F. M. Cap. Serafino Corrias Filippo Bacciu Pietro Benedetti Name Changed: 12 February 1915 Carmine Cesarano, C.

SS. R. Francesco Maria Franco Igino Maria Serci Vaquer Francesco Cogoni Giovanni Pisanu Sebastiano Sanguinetti Sergio Pintor Corrado Melis GCatholic This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "article name needed". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton

Alan Cairns

Hugh Alan Craig Cairns, was a Canadian political science professor emeritus. Born in Galt, he received his BA in his MA degree in 1957 from the University of Toronto. In 1963, he obtained a D. Phil from Oxford University, where he studied at St Antony's College, he was a member of the Department of Political Science at the University of British Columbia from 1960 until his retirement in 1995 and served as head of the department from 1973 to 1980. Cairns' most famous piece of writing on Canadian politics is his 1971 article "The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council and its Critics" which discusses judicial activism in Canada, it is listed as one of the most-cited academic works concerned with the Canadian political system. Cairns' scholarship has explored a multitude of issues within Canadian political science, sparking decades of debate and refinement of his ideas. In reference to Cairn's intellectual legacy, Gerald Kernerman and Philip Resnick state: "On a remarkably wide range of topics – from the regional impact of Canada's electoral system, the role of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, the development of Canadian federalism to the ongoing efforts to constitutionally reshape the federation and the effects on minorities of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms – Cairns has initiated and shaped many of our most pivotal debates."

Cairns' work focuses extensively on the question of citizenship in the Canadian federation, a theme important to a discussion of Indigenous rights and citizenship. In addressing the situation facing Indigenous communities across Canada, Cairns acknowledges that there is a great challenge in speaking about a group to which one does not belong, he suggests that the present "discontents" between Indigenous peoples and the state are "largely due to the past silencing of Aboriginal voices. The resolution of this set of circumstances can only occur if we talk to each other in a way that both articulates our differences and seeks with empathy to reconcile them in the search for at least a limited version of membership in a common community." In his seminal work, Citizens Plus, Cairns draws on H. B. Hawthorne's idea of the "citizens plus" label as articulated in the Hawthorne Report of the 1960s of which Cairns was a part; as Cairns explains, the Hawthorne Report concluded that, "In addition to the normal rights and duties of citizenship, Indians possess certain additional rights as charter members of the Canadian community."

Cairns calls for an institutional resolution to the "plight" of Indigenous peoples within Canada. In 1982, he received the Molson Prize. In 1998, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. In 2003, he was inducted into the City of Cambridge Hall of Fame, he has received honorary degrees from Carleton University, the University of Toronto, the University of British Columbia and the University of Saskatchewan. "Alan C. Cairns". City of Cambridge. Retrieved 7 August 2005. Cairns, Alan C. Citizens Plus: Aboriginal Peoples and the Canadian State. Toronto: UBC Press, 2000. Cairns, Alan C. ed. Citizenship and pluralism: Canadian and comparative perspectives. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1999. Cairns, Alan C. First nations and the Canadian State: in search of coexistence. Kingston, Ont.: Institute of Intergovernmental Relations, Queen's University, 2005. Kernerman and Philip Resnick, eds. Insiders and outsiders: Alan Cairns and the reshaping of Canadian citizenship. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2005


WPEN-LP was a low-powered television station serving the Hampton Roads television market broadcasting on Channel 68. Its first callsign, W68BI, was issued on August 3, 1981; the station changed calls to WPEN-LP on March 20, 1995. During its time on the air, it was an independent station picking up an affiliation with The Box, & MTV2, before signing off in 2002. WPEN-LP was not related to the Philadelphia radio station WPEN; the station had two translators: W51BH, Virginia W62CN, VirginiaFormer cable channel positions: 62, Hampton Roads, Virginia 25, Virginia TV Radio World -- Hampton Roads TV VARTV -- Hampton Roads Radio & TV Archive FCC Data for WPEN-LP from Archive FCC Data for W51BH from

Kh'Leang Temple

Kh'Leang Temple is a notable Theravada Buddhist temple in Sóc Trăng, a town in the Mekong Delta region of southern Vietnam. It is a Khmer temple; the temple is situated on a 3.5 hectare block of land, marked by a large number of high and shady trees. The temple was first built in 1533, when the area was under the control of the Khmer Empire, before the area was taken over by Vietnamese settlers in the 17th and 18th centuries, it consisted of a wooden building with a thatched roof, before being replaced with a tiled roof. There are four entrances for the temple, in the northern, southern and western directions; the temple has been renovated many times in the five centuries since its construction but has not been renovated in the last 80 years. From the first abbot Thích Thạch Sóc to the current abbot, there have been 21 abbots; the main ceremonial hall occupies an area of 416 m. It stands on an elevated platform around a metre above ground level; the roof is held up by 12 wide pillars built in the Corinthian style of Greece.

It is painted in shiny black coating, with gold coloured paintings of dragons and fish wrapping themselves around the pillar. A placard stands in front of the main altar and lengthens to the ceiling of the main hall, with inscriptions in gold paint. At the centre of the main hall is the statue of Gautama Buddha, which stands 6.80 m high and 2.70 m wide. A plaque with a Khmer inscription denotes that the 17th abbot of the temple organised the erection of the statue in 1916, funded by the family of Lum Sum; the temple is ornamented with various objects in the Khmer tradition. Krud or Garuda is a representation of wings and a human body; the bird's beak holds a piece of jade. This type of bird is depicted as the eternal enemy of the snake; the Krud is depicted biting the tail of a snake on the ornaments of the temple roof. In Khmer folklore, Yeak is the representation of evil, is depicting causing trouble to living beings, it is depicted by a human with a fiery face, large mouth, long canine teeth, bulging eyes, wearing a suit of armour, sherp-pointed helmet and a long pike.

Two statues of Yeak are placed at either side of the temple to represent the defeat of evil by the Buddha and the conversion of Yeak into a protector of Buddhism. Two statues of Reach Cha Sei stand on either side of the entrance; this is a creature on which Yeak stood when they engaged in combat. A statue of Teahu, depicted as an angry, vicious person, who has the sun and moon is hand, in preparation for swallowing, it stands at the entrance. The temple grounds contain six stupas, in which the cremated remains of various monks and laypeople are enshrined; the temple was declared a historic heritage site by the Culture Ministry on April 27, 1990