Santa Clara, California
Santa Clara is a city in Santa Clara County, named after the Spanish mission that was established there in 1777. The citys population was 116,468 at the 2010 United States Census, located 45 miles southeast of San Francisco, the city was founded in 1777 and incorporated in 1852. The city is the site of the eighth of 21 California missions, Mission Santa Clara de Asís, the Mission and Mission Gardens are located on the grounds of Santa Clara University. Saint Clare is the saint of Santa Clara. Santa Clara is located in the center of Silicon Valley and is home to the headquarters of several companies such as Intel. It is home to Santa Clara University, the oldest institution of learning in the state of California. It is bordered by San Jose and Cupertino, the first European to visit the valley was José Francisco Ortega in 1769. He found the area inhabited by Native Americans, whom the Spanish called the Costanos, coast people, the Spanish began to colonize California with 21 missions and the Mission Santa Clara de Asis was founded in 1777.
In 1846, the American flag was raised over Monterey and symbolized the transfer of the sovereignty of the California Republic over to the United States of America, in 1851, Santa Clara College was established on the grounds of the original Mission. In 1852, Santa Clara was incorporated as a town, it became state-chartered by 1862, for the next century the economy centered on agriculture since orchards and vegetables were thriving in the fertile soil. By the beginning of the 20th century, the population had reached 5,000, in 1905, the first public high-altitude flights by humans were made over Santa Clara in gliders designed by John J. Montgomery. The semiconductor industry, which sprouted around 1960, changed the city and surrounding Valley of Hearts Delight, Santa Claras first medical hospital was built in 1963. This structure, on Kiely Boulevard, was replaced in 2007 with the new Kaiser Permanente medical center located on Lawrence Expressway at Homestead Road, Santa Clara was home to a major mental health facility, Agnews State Hospital.
According to the National Park Service, more than 100 persons were killed at this site in the 1906 earthquake, the site is the former home to Sun Microsystems and is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Santa Clara is drained by three creeks, all of which empty into the southern portion of San Francisco Bay, these creeks are San Tomas Aquino Creek, Saratoga Creek. This owl uses burrows created by ground squirrels and prefers generally level grasslands, according to the United States Census Bureau, the city covers an area of 18.4 square miles, all of it land. The average daily temperatures in July range from 82 °F to 53 °F, winters are mild, with the mean daily temperatures in January ranging from 58 °F to 38 °F. Most of the rainfall comes in the winter months, the summer months are generally rainless
2004 Emerald Bowl
The 2004 Emerald Bowl was a post-season college football bowl game between the New Mexico Lobos and the Navy Midshipmen on December 30,2004 at SBC Park in San Francisco, United States. The contest was the time the Emerald Bowl was played. The conference independent Navy Midshipmen, who finished the season with a 9–2 record. Eight days later, the 7–4 New Mexico Lobos agreed to fill the spot reserved for a Mountain West Conference team. The Lobos ranked as one of the top rushing defenses. The game began at 1,35 p. m. PST in rainy conditions that had affected the San Francisco Bay Area for days before the contest. The Lobos scored a touchdown on the games first drive to take an early lead, after the Lobos narrowed that lead to 12 points by the end of the third quarter, the Midshipmen began a long drive which took up much of the fourth quarter. The drive ended with a goal, which gave Navy a 15-point lead with a little over two minutes remaining in the game. On the next drive from the Lobos, the Midshipmen forced a turnover on downs, Midshipmen players Aaron Polanco and Vaughn Kelley were named the games offensive and defensive Most Valuable Players, respectively.
The win caused the Midshipmen to finish the season with a 10–2 record, after the game, the Associated Press College Poll and the USA Today Coaches Poll ranked the team as the 24th best in the nation. The loss caused the Lobos record to fall to 7–5, the new title for the game was derived from the Emerald Nuts brand owned by the games primary sponsor, Diamond Foods. Originally, the game was to feature the sixth bowl eligible team from the Pacific-10 Conference, the team accepted their invitation to play in the Emerald Bowl on November 22, two days after defeating the Rutgers Scarlet Knights with a score of 54–21 to earn an 8–2 record. Wins over Army and the Air Force Falcons secured Navys second consecutive Commander-in-Chiefs Trophy, Navys previous bowl game, the 2003 Houston Bowl, had ended in a 38–14 loss to the Texas Tech Red Raiders. The University of New Mexico Lobos accepted the games other invitation on December 30,2004, the Lobos finished the regular season with five straight wins, culminating in a 16–9 win over conference rival Wyoming to finish with a record of 7–4.
The bowl game was the first meeting between was the two teams, prior to the game, spread bettors favored the New Mexico Lobos by a single point. The Baltimore Sun sports writer Kent Baker predicted that the teams non-reliance on the pass will serve both well, the game should be fairly low scoring and rapidly played, with the Midshipmen eking out a victory. The Midshipmen passing offense, ranked 116th out of 117 FBS teams, using a 3–4 defensive scheme, the Midshipmen had experienced mixed levels of defensive success. Although the defensive backs had set a record for interceptions returned for touchdowns during the season, analysts
United States dollar
The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution. It is divided into 100 smaller cent units, the circulating paper money consists of Federal Reserve Notes that are denominated in United States dollars. The U. S. dollar was originally commodity money of silver as enacted by the Coinage Act of 1792 which determined the dollar to be 371 4/16 grain pure or 416 grain standard silver, the currency most used in international transactions, it is the worlds primary reserve currency. Several countries use it as their currency, and in many others it is the de facto currency. Besides the United States, it is used as the sole currency in two British Overseas Territories in the Caribbean, the British Virgin Islands and Turks and Caicos Islands. A few countries use the Federal Reserve Notes for paper money, while the country mints its own coins, or accepts U. S. coins that can be used as payment in U. S. dollars. After Nixon shock of 1971, USD became fiat currency, Article I, Section 8 of the U. S.
Constitution provides that the Congress has the power To coin money, laws implementing this power are currently codified at 31 U. S. C. Section 5112 prescribes the forms in which the United States dollars should be issued and these coins are both designated in Section 5112 as legal tender in payment of debts. The Sacagawea dollar is one example of the copper alloy dollar, the pure silver dollar is known as the American Silver Eagle. Section 5112 provides for the minting and issuance of other coins and these other coins are more fully described in Coins of the United States dollar. The Constitution provides that a regular Statement and Account of the Receipts and that provision of the Constitution is made specific by Section 331 of Title 31 of the United States Code. The sums of money reported in the Statements are currently being expressed in U. S. dollars, the U. S. dollar may therefore be described as the unit of account of the United States. The word dollar is one of the words in the first paragraph of Section 9 of Article I of the Constitution, dollars is a reference to the Spanish milled dollar, a coin that had a monetary value of 8 Spanish units of currency, or reales.
In 1792 the U. S. Congress passed a Coinage Act, Section 20 of the act provided, That the money of account of the United States shall be expressed in dollars, or units. And that all accounts in the offices and all proceedings in the courts of the United States shall be kept and had in conformity to this regulation. In other words, this act designated the United States dollar as the unit of currency of the United States, unlike the Spanish milled dollar the U. S. dollar is based upon a decimal system of values. Both one-dollar coins and notes are produced today, although the form is significantly more common
Atlantic Coast Conference
The ACC sponsors competition in twenty-five sports with many of its member institutions athletic programs held in high regard nationally. ACC teams and athletes have claimed dozens of championships in multiple sports throughout the conferences history. Generally, the ACCs top athletes and teams in any sport in a given year are considered to be among the top collegiate competitors in the nation. Also, the conference enjoys extensive media coverage, the ACC was one of the six collegiate power conferences, which had automatic qualifying for their football champion into the Bowl Championship Series. With the advent of the College Football Playoff in 2014, the ACC is one of five conferences with a contractual tie-in to an access bowl, the additions in recent years extended the conferences footprint into the Northeast and Midwest. The most recent expansion in 2013 saw the additions of the University of Notre Dame, the University of Pittsburgh, in 2012, the University of Marylands Board of Regents voted to withdraw from the ACC to join the Big Ten Conference effective July 1,2014.
On November 28,2012, the ACCs Council of Presidents voted unanimously to invite the University of Louisville as a full member, replacing Maryland effective July 1,2014. Seven universities in the South Atlantic States were charter members of the ACC, Duke, North Carolina, North Carolina State, South Carolina, previously members of the Southern Conference, they left partially due to that leagues ban on post-season football play. After drafting a set of bylaws for the creation of a new league, the bylaws were ratified on June 14,1953, and the ACC was created, becoming the second conference formed by schools collectively withdrawing from the SoCon, after the Southeastern Conference. On December 4,1953, officials convened in Greensboro, North Carolina, and admitted Virginia, in 1960, the ACC implemented a minimum SAT score for incoming student-athletes of 750, the first conference to do so. This minimum was raised to 800 in 1964, but was struck down by a federal court in 1972. In 1971, South Carolina left the ACC to become an independent, the ACC operated with seven members until the addition of Georgia Tech from the Metro Conference on April 3,1978.
The total number of member schools reached nine with the addition of Florida State, formerly from the Metro Conference, on July 1,1991. The expansion was controversial, as Connecticut, Rutgers and West Virginia filed lawsuits against the ACC, and Boston College for conspiring to weaken the Big East Conference. The ACC Hall of Champions opened on March 2,2011, next to the Greensboro Coliseum arena, on September 17,2011, Big East Conference members Syracuse University and the University of Pittsburgh both tendered formal written applications to the ACC to join its ranks. The two schools were accepted into the conference the day, once again expanding the conference footprint like previous expansions. Because the Big East intended to hold Pitt and Syracuse to the 27-month notice period required by league bylaws, however, on July 16,2012, the Big East and Syracuse came to an agreement that allowed Syracuse to leave the Big East on July 1,2013. Two days later, the Big East and Pittsburgh reached an identical agreement, on September 12,2012, Notre Dame agreed to join the ACC in all sports except football and hockey as the conferences first member in the Midwestern United States
Levis Stadium is a football stadium located in Santa Clara, California, in the San Francisco Bay Area. It has served as the home of the San Francisco 49ers of the National Football League since 2014, the stadium is located approximately 40 miles from San Francisco. In 2006, the 49ers initially proposed constructing a new stadium at Candlestick Point in San Francisco, the project, which included plans for retail space and housing improvements, was claimed to have been of great potential benefit to the nearby historically blighted neighborhood of Hunters Point. After negotiations with the city of San Francisco fell through, the 49ers focused their attention on an adjacent to their administrative offices. A construction loan, raised from investors, was secured in December 2011. Levis Stadium opened on July 17,2014, Levis Stadium hosted Super Bowl 50 on February 7,2016. Levis Stadium serves as the site of the Pac-12 Football Championship Game for at least three years, beginning in 2014, the game was played at the home stadium of the division winner with the better record entering the game.
The stadium was designed by HNTB, a renowned architectural firm, with a focus on creating a multi-purpose venue and with the fan experience. Civil engineering work was performed by Winzler & Kelly, which was acquired by GHD Group in 2011, commissioning services were provided by Glumac. Levis Stadium is designed as a stadium with a natural grass field. It has a capacity of 68,500, expandable to approximately 75,000 to host major events like the Super Bowl. However, on June 27,2015, The Grateful Dead Fare Thee Well Tour made history by extending the stadium to 83,000 in attendance. The seating design of the stadium places approximately two-thirds of the fans in the lower bowl, the design features significantly improved accessibility and seating options for fans with special needs and disabilities when compared to Candlestick Park. As a multi-use facility, the stadium can be configured for special touring events including concerts, motocross events, indoor/outdoor conferences, the stadium will feature over 109,000 square feet of flexible premium meeting space in the club areas.
The stadium has created an in stadium app designed specifically for home games for the 49ers to provide a better fan experience for fans. The app can be downloaded for free off of the App Store, features are limited on non football game days or if you are outside the vicinity of the stadium. However, when having the app within the stadium on game and event days you have many options including in-seat delivery, live streaming and much more. The app can be extended to events hosted by the stadium if the third party would like to include its features for their guests
2006 Florida State Seminoles football team
The 2006 Florida State Seminoles football team represented Florida State University during the 2006 NCAA Division I-A football season. The team was coached by Bobby Bowden and played their games at Doak Campbell Stadium in Tallahassee. They were members of the Atlantic Coast Conference and the Atlantic Division, the Seminoles finished with an overall record of 7–6, which was head coach Bobby Bowdens worst record since going 5–6 in 1976, his first year as Florida States head coach. This record was reduced to 2–6 after 5 wins from the season were vacated as punishment for violations of NCAA rules, the Seminoles were picked by the ACC media as the preseason favorite to win the ACCs Atlantic Division. Sophomore quarterback Drew Weatherford finished fourth in voting for the ACCs Preseason Player of the Year, Buster Davis named as a semi-finalist for The Lott Trophy.5 Florida State played their season opener against the rival University of Miami Hurricanes on Labor Day for the third straight year.
It was the time the team opened their Atlantic Coast Conference play with Miami. Much like the previous two Labor Day meetings, the 2006 edition of the game was a struggle for both teams. The Seminoles trailed 3–10 at the half, but held Miami scoreless in the third and fourth quarters, the Noles preserved the win when cornerback Michael Ray Garvin intercepted Miami quarterback Kyle Wrights pass with 29 seconds remaining. Pregame Line, Florida State −30 After winning at Miami, the Seminoles returned home to Bobby Bowden Field at Doak Campbell Stadium to take on the Troy Trojans. The Seminole offense continued to struggle, and the Noles found themselves out in the first half. After Troy scored early in the quarter to take the lead, 17–10. The Seminoles scored two touchdowns in the final 6,12 and avoided the upset, winning 24–17, pregame Line, Florida State −2.5 Dubbed Bowden Bowl VIII, Tommy Bowdens Clemson Tigers traveled to Doak Campbell Stadium for a pivotal ACC match-up with his fathers Seminole team.
Clemson had lost to ACC foe Boston College in overtime the week before, the Florida State offense struggled. The only points scored by the Noles in the first half of the game were scored by cornerback Tony Carter, who returned a blocked extra point for 2 points and a blocked field goal for a touchdown. Backup Seminole quarterback Xavier Lee entered the game and attempted a hail mary pass and it was the first time Clemson had won at Doak Campbell Stadium since 1989 and the third time Tommy Bowden had beaten his father since becoming Clemsons head coach in 1999. For the first time in the 2006 season, FSU scored a touchdown on their opening drive, after a quick Rice touchdown tied the game, the Noles went on to score 48 unanswered points and earned a 55–7 victory. Backup quarterback Xavier Lee saw meaningful playing time for the first time in the season, the Florida State running game, which had been anemic all season, exploded for 287 yards. Pregame Line, Florida State −10.5 Florida State traveled to Raleigh, FSU attempted to use more motion on offense and seemed determined to establish a running game, despite mixed results from running backs Lorenzo Booker and Antone Smith
San Francisco, officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural and financial center of Northern California. It is the birthplace of the United Nations, the California Gold Rush of 1849 brought rapid growth, making it the largest city on the West Coast at the time. San Francisco became a consolidated city-county in 1856, after three-quarters of the city was destroyed by the 1906 earthquake and fire, San Francisco was quickly rebuilt, hosting the Panama-Pacific International Exposition nine years later. In World War II, San Francisco was a port of embarkation for service members shipping out to the Pacific Theater. Politically, the city votes strongly along liberal Democratic Party lines, San Francisco is the headquarters of five major banking institutions and various other companies such as Levi Strauss & Co. Dolby, Weebly, Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Pinterest, Uber, Mozilla, Wikimedia Foundation, as of 2016, San Francisco is ranked high on world liveability rankings.
The earliest archaeological evidence of habitation of the territory of the city of San Francisco dates to 3000 BC. Upon independence from Spain in 1821, the became part of Mexico. Under Mexican rule, the system gradually ended, and its lands became privatized. In 1835, Englishman William Richardson erected the first independent homestead, together with Alcalde Francisco de Haro, he laid out a street plan for the expanded settlement, and the town, named Yerba Buena, began to attract American settlers. Commodore John D. Sloat claimed California for the United States on July 7,1846, during the Mexican–American War, montgomery arrived to claim Yerba Buena two days later. Yerba Buena was renamed San Francisco on January 30 of the next year, despite its attractive location as a port and naval base, San Francisco was still a small settlement with inhospitable geography. The California Gold Rush brought a flood of treasure seekers, with their sourdough bread in tow, prospectors accumulated in San Francisco over rival Benicia, raising the population from 1,000 in 1848 to 25,000 by December 1849.
The promise of fabulous riches was so strong that crews on arriving vessels deserted and rushed off to the gold fields, leaving behind a forest of masts in San Francisco harbor. Some of these approximately 500 abandoned ships were used at times as storeships and hotels, many were left to rot, by 1851 the harbor was extended out into the bay by wharves while buildings were erected on piles among the ships. By 1870 Yerba Buena Cove had been filled to create new land, buried ships are occasionally exposed when foundations are dug for new buildings. California was quickly granted statehood in 1850 and the U. S. military built Fort Point at the Golden Gate, silver discoveries, including the Comstock Lode in Nevada in 1859, further drove rapid population growth. With hordes of fortune seekers streaming through the city, lawlessness was common, and the Barbary Coast section of town gained notoriety as a haven for criminals, entrepreneurs sought to capitalize on the wealth generated by the Gold Rush
Foster Farms is a United States West Coast poultry company. The company has been owned and operated by the Foster family since 1939. The company is based in Livingston, with operations throughout the West Coast, the company specializes in a variety of chicken and turkey products advertised as fresh and naturally locally grown. Foster Farms was established in 1939 by Max and Verda Foster and they began by investing $1,000 into a farm in Modesto, California, on which they raised turkeys. The back porch was Maxs office and the first hatchery was built next to their bedroom so the eggs could get constant care, in 1942, Max quit his day job as a reporter and city editor for the Modesto Bee. Around this time, the Fosters expanded into raising cattle and chickens, as the business grew, the Fosters acquired another farm and a feed mill in the 1950s. The feed mill allowed the company some independence from outside feed contracts, in 1959, Foster Farms built a processing plant in Livingston, and in 1960, the companys headquarters was moved there from Modesto.
Livestock were slaughtered and packaged at the Livingston plant on an assembly line, in 1969, Max and Verda Foster turned the company over to their son, Paul Foster, who became President of Foster Farms. In 1973, Foster Farms opened a distribution center in El Monte, California. In 1977, Paul died of a heart attack. In 1982, the company bought the property of The Grange Company and its branch, after this purchase the company re-entered the turkey business and began to produce deli products under the Foster Farms name. By the 1980s, Foster Farms had many new products to offer, such as bologna, poultry franks, sales tripled between 1975 and 1988, by 1987, Foster Farms was selling about 140 million chickens per year, making it the largest chicken producer in California. The companys hens laid around 2.2 million eggs per week, when the chicks hatched, they were taken to different ranches for about 52 days, while they ate the companys own corn and soybean meals. Throughout the 1980s, Foster Farms began to make commercials, with one winning a Clio Award in 1988, by the mid-1980s, their sales had continued to improve, and they expanded again, purchasing Oregons largest poultry producer, Fircrest Farms in Creswell, in 1987.
In 1988, the leadership decided to increase production capacity. In November 1989, Foster Farms obtained a turkey processing plant in Fresno, the turkey processing plant was converted into a chicken processing plant, where new equipment was added, enabling the plant to process 80 million more chickens a year. With the discovery that saturated fat intake was linked to disease, Americans began to eat less red meat. This change dramatically increased sales for Foster Farms, sales began to drop in 1987, after a report broadcast on the television newsmagazine show 60 Minutes claimed that a high percentage of chicken was infected with salmonella
A walnut is the nut of any tree of the genus Juglans, particularly the Persian or English walnut, Juglans regia. Technically a walnut is the seed of a drupe or drupaceous nut and it is used for food after being processed while green for pickled walnuts or after full ripening for its nutmeat. Nutmeat of the black walnut from the Juglans nigra is less commercially available. The walnut is nutrient-dense with protein and essential fatty acids, walnuts are rounded, single-seeded stone fruits of the walnut tree commonly used for the meat after fully ripening. Following full ripening, the removal of the husk reveals the wrinkly walnut shell, during the ripening process, the husk will become brittle and the shell hard. The shell encloses the kernel or meat, which is made up of two halves separated by a partition. The seed kernels – commonly available as shelled walnuts – are enclosed in a seed coat which contains antioxidants. The antioxidants protect the seed from atmospheric oxygen, thereby preventing rancidity.
Walnuts are late to grow leaves, typically not until more than halfway through the spring and they secrete chemicals into the soil to prevent competing vegetation from growing. Because of this, flowers or vegetable gardens should not be planted close to them, the two most common major species of walnuts are grown for their seeds – the Persian or English walnut and the black walnut. The English walnut originated in Persia, and the black walnut is native to eastern North America, the black walnut is of high flavor, but due to its hard shell and poor hulling characteristics it is not grown commercially for nut production. Numerous walnut cultivars have been developed commercially, which are nearly all hybrids of the English walnut, other species include J. californica, the California black walnut, J. cinerea, and J. major, the Arizona walnut. In 2013, worldwide production of walnuts was 3.458 million tonnes, other major producers were, United States and Ukraine. The average worldwide walnut yield was about 3.5 tonnes per hectare in 2013, eastern European countries had the highest yield, with Slovenia and Romania each harvesting about 22 tonnes per hectare.
The United States is the worlds largest exporter of walnuts, followed by Turkey, the Central Valley of California produces 99 percent of United States commercial English walnuts. Walnuts, like tree nuts, must be processed and stored properly. Poor storage makes walnuts susceptible to insect and fungal mold infestations, a mold-infested walnut batch should be entirely discarded. The ideal temperature for longest possible storage of walnuts is in the −3 to 0 °C and low humidity – for industrial and home storage
Redbox Automated Retail, LLC is an American company specializing in DVD, Blu-ray, and video game rentals via automated retail kiosks. Redbox kiosks feature the signature red color and are located at convenience stores, fast food restaurants, grocery stores, mass retailers. As of the end of November 2012, Redbox had over 42,000 kiosks at more than 34,000 locations, as of Q12013, Redbox had 48% market share of the physical rental market. Redbox Automated Retail LLC was initially funded by McDonalds Corporation, Redbox withdrew the grocery kiosks within a year, but the DVD-rental kiosks succeeded, and the company changed its focus to that market. In 2005, Coinstar bought 47 percent of the company for $32 million, in early 2008, Coinstar exercised an option to increase its share from 47% to 51%. In February 2009, Coinstar paid McDonald’s and other shareholders between $169 and $176 million for the remainder of the company. The company surpassed Blockbuster in 2007 in number of U. S. locations, passed 100 million rentals in February 2008, and passed 1 billion rentals in September 2010.
In Q22011, kiosks accounted for 36 percent of the rental market, with 38 percent of that attributable to rent-by-mail services and 25 percent to traditional stores. As of Q22011,68 percent of the U. S. population lived within a five-minute drive of a Redbox kiosk, the numbers for Q22013 shows that the Redbox rentals had surpassed 50 percent of the total disc rentals in the country. Mitch Lowe joined Redbox in 2003 after spending five years as a cofounder of Netflix, at Redbox, he started first as a consultant and as VP of Purchasing & Operations. In 2005, he became the Chief Operating Officer of Redbox, Lowe had experimented in 1982 with a short-lived VHS movie vending company named Video Droid. Lowe was named President of Redbox in April 2009, in July 2010, Redbox announced that they were beginning to rent Blu-ray movies at 13,000 kiosks nationwide, and Blu-ray Discs were available across the Redbox network by the fall of 2010. In October 2010, the company began testing video game rentals in Reno, Orlando, Stevens Point, Austin, Wilmington, North Carolina, in June 2011, Redbox launched video game rentals nationwide.
Games for all platforms are offered, including Wii, PlayStation 3. In February 2012, Redbox announced the purchase of former competitor Blockbuster Express for $100 million, the acquisition included over 10,000 DVD kiosks, certain retailer contracts, and DVD inventory. As part of the agreement, Redbox entered an arrangement of purchasing product. On June 27,2012, Redbox sent an email to its customers announcing that it had completed the purchase of Blockbuster Express on June 23. The company announced in February 2012 the deployment of kiosks in Canada to test the market in that country, in 2012, Redboxs founder, Gregg Kaplan, exited Coinstar as president and COO of Redbox
Mountain West Conference
The Mountain West Conference is one of the collegiate athletic conferences affiliated with the NCAA Division I FBS. The MW officially began operations in July 1999, the MW covers a broad expanse of the Western United States, with member schools located in California, Hawaii, Nevada, New Mexico and Wyoming. Craig Thompson has served as Commissioner of the MW since its founding in 1999, before forming the Mountain West Conference, seven of its eight charter members had been longtime members of the Western Athletic Conference. Half of these had been members of that conference from 1962. Overall, each school that has ever been either a full or football-only member of the MW spent at least three years in the WAC before joining the Mountain West, the 2013–14 academic year was the 15th anniversary season of the MW. The WAC, which had announced plans to expand beyond its then-current 10 members to at least 12. Ultimately, the WAC took in three of the four SWC schools left out of the Big 12 merger—Rice University, Southern Methodist University, the newly expanded WAC was soon wracked by tension between the established and new members.
The final straw came in spring 1998, when BYU and Utah proposed a permanent split into two eight-team divisions, the WACs 16 teams had been divided into four four-team quadrants, two of which rotated between the Mountain and Pacific Divisions every two years. A two-division setup would have forced some schools into an unnatural alignment because of the distribution of the conference. Air Force was the most strident opponent of this proposal, threatening to become an independent and they invited the WAC members New Mexico, San Diego State, and UNLV, to join them in what became the Mountain West Conference. The next move for the MW came in 2005, when the conference added TCU, on June 11,2010, Boise State University agreed to join the conference as its tenth member. On June 17,2010, Utah announced it would be leaving the Mountain West to join what would become the Pac-12 Conference, both schools accepted and would become the tenth and eleventh members of the league. BYU announced on August 31,2010 that it would leave the Mountain West Conference and go Independent in football, on November 29,2010, TCU announced all athletic teams would move to the Big East Conference effective in 2012.
On December 10,2010, the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa accepted a bid to become the 10th member of the conference for football only and these changes would leave the Mountain West Conference with 10 teams for the 2012 football season. However, two of the three schools that qualified are no longer with the conference, on October 14,2011, the Mountain West and C-USA announced a plan for a football only alliance. However, when the two discussed their plans with the NCAA, they were told that due to NCAA rules. As a result, the Mountain West and C-USA backed away from a full merger, in the end, this alliance never materialized due to both conferences soon adding new teams. On May 2,2012, San Jose State and Utah State agreed to join the conference for the 2013–14 academic year