Sakarya is a province in Turkey, located on the coast of Black Sea. The Sakarya River creates a webbing of estuaries in the province. Sakarya is located in the Marmara Region, its adjacent provinces are Kocaeli to the west, Bilecik to the south, Bolu to the southeast, Düzce to the east. The capital of Sakarya is Adapazarı; the climate is oceanic due to its close proximity to the Black Sea. Sakarya is situated on the Ankara-Istanbul Highway, it is connected through both rail. Sakarya is serviced by Istanbul's Sabiha Gökçen International Airport; the current mayor of Sakarya is Zeki Tocoglu. Surface area: 482,109.70 hectares Population: 917,373 City traffic plate number: 54The city of Sakarya, one of the most important cities in Turkey for its rapid growth and development, is attention worthy for its natural beauties and cultural richness. It is one of the paradise-like spots of the country with its sea, lakes, highlands, thermal springs along with traditional Ottoman lifestyle districts such as Taraklı and Geyve, historical relics inherited from the Byzantine and Ottoman eras that are worth witnessing.
The Turks conquered the city of Sakarya in the 13th century. There was intensive immigration from Caucasia and the Balkans in the 19th centuries; the last massive immigration was in 1989. Thanks to the developing industry and being at a transportation crossroads, the city still receives domestic migration today. Sakarya is notable in the Marmara Region; the city of Sakarya is surrounded with the city of Düzce in the East, Bolu in the South East, Bilecik in the South, Kocaeli in the West and the Black Sea in the North. The city of Sakarya has 16 districts. Sakarya is located at the intersection of all the important railways; the D-100 highway which has an important role on domestic and international transportation and passes through the city East-ward all along together with TEM highway and the D-25 highway in the direction of Bilecik are the main transportation axis of the city. Kınalı-İstanbul-Sakarya-Ankara highway which originates from Edirne has an important role in an international scale. In Kınalı, one branch of the highway is connected to Greece while the other branch is connected to Bulgaria.
These are the distances to some of the main cities from Sakarya: 797 km to Adana, 583 km to Antalya, 102 km to Bilecik, 158 km to Bursa, 188 km to Eskişehir, 148 km to İstanbul, 933 km to Trabzon, 306 km to Ankara, 114 km to Bolu, 486 km to İzmir, 79 km to Düzce, 708 km to Muğla, 179 km to Zonguldak and 37 km to Kocaeli. There are 7 railway stations throughout a 65 km railway inside the city limits; the railway which connects Istanbul to Ankara and other Anatolian cities passes through Sakarya. The distance of Sakarya to Istanbul by railway is 436 km to Ankara. If you prefer to travel to Adapazarı by air, the nearest airport is the Sabiha Gökçen Airport in Kurtköy – Istanbul and Istanbul Atatürk Airport in Yeşilköy. Adapazarı was a village named “Ada” in 1573, a sub-district in 1646, a village inside Akyazı in 1658, administrative district of a qadi in 1692, again a sub-district in 1742; the residency area had the status of a district for 117 years between 1837 – 1954 during the Ottoman and Republican eras.
Adapazarı, being a district of Kocaeli for many years, separated from Kocaeli and took the name “Sakarya” in June 22, 1954 by the law number 6419. After Adapazarı took the name Sakarya as being the center of the districts Akyazı, Geyve and Karasu, in December 1, 1954 the first governor Nazım Üner began active duty with ceremonies. While Adapazarı was experiencing a rapid growth and great development in the center of Akova, the city had to face a great destruction during the great Marmara earthquake in August 17, 1999. 3891 residents lost their lives while 26,551 buildings collapsed and 100,000 people were left homeless. The city was trying to be reborn from its ashes with the help of state/people collaboration when Adapazarı Municipality, founded in 1868 gained the status of Metropolitan Municipality on March 6, 2000 by publication of the council of the ministers’ enactment number 593 on the Official Journal. Present Adapazarı Mayor Aziz Duran was brought to Adapazarı Metropolitan Mayor Office.
With the legal amendments made in 2004 and 2008 the range and service area of the Metropolitan Municipality were extended. In 2008 legislation was passed to change the name of Adapazarı Metropolitan Municipality to Sakarya Metropolitan Municipality to prevent confusion. Sakarya Metropolitan Municipality is in more than 870,000 people. Adapazarı Akyazı Arifiye Erenler Ferizli Geyve Hendek Karapürçek Karasu Kaynarca Kocaali Pamukova Sapanca Serdivan Söğütlü Taraklı East Marmara Development Agency Sakarya governor's official website Sakarya municipality's official website Cark Caddesi Sakarya weather forecast information Sakarya University homepage
Aydın Province is a province of southwestern Turkey, located in the Aegean Region. The provincial capital is the city of Aydın. 150,000. Other towns in the province include the summer seaside resorts of Didim and Kuşadası. Aydın was once known as Tralles; the area is an earthquake zone and the city was built and rebuilt by a succession of Spartans, Ionians, Lydians and Ancient Romans. In 1186 the Seljuk Turks took control of the area, followed by the Anatolian beylik of the Aydinids. During this period the town was named Aydın Güzelhisar, was brought into the Ottoman Empire in 1426. Neighboring provinces are Manisa to the north east, İzmir to the north, Denizli to the east, Muğla to the south; the central and western parts of the province are fertile plains watered by the largest river in the Aegean region the Büyük Menderes River, with the Aydın Mountains to the north and the Menteşe Mountains to the south. The western end of the province is the Aegean coast with Lake Bafa a major feature of the Menderes delta area.
The climate is typical of the Aegean region hot in summer. The Germencik region contains a number of hot springs. Aydın province is divided into 17 districts: Much of the countryside is a mix of fig and citrus trees figs; the major sources of income are tourism. The coastal towns of Didim and Kuşadası in particular are tourist resorts. Kuşadası is near to the Dilek Peninsula - Büyük Menderes Delta National Park, while Didim has a temple of Apollo and the ancient ruins of Miletos nearby; the province contains archeological sites, including the ancient Carian cities of Alinda and Alabanda. Aydın is Turkey's leading producer of figs and exports dried figs worldwide; the name by which the fruit was called in the world markets was "Smyrna figs" until due to the preponderance of figs exported from İzmir over other species of the genus. But İzmir got the name by being the center for the wholesale trade and exports, while in fact the fruit was traditionally cultivated in Aydın; the term used within Turkey is "Aydın figs".
Turkey's yearly production of 50,000 tons of dried figs, is all from Aydın, Within Aydın province, the best figs are reputed to be grown in Germencik. Aydın produces olives from the varieties of Memecik and Gemlik, as well as chestnuts, citrus fruits, water melons and other fruits. Aydın has some light industry Adnan Menderes University was built in the city of Aydın in 1990s and has branches throughout the province; the city of Aydın has a number of Ottoman period mosques. The province's countryside and scenery include a stretch of the Aegean coast and a number of historic sites including: Didim coastal resort wıth large temple of Apollo and nearby Miletus ruins of an Ancient Greek city Ilyas Bey Complex, a cultural heritage of Turkey built in 1403 Kuşadası coastal resort, near to the Dilek Peninsula - Büyük Menderes Delta National Park Kirazli - a traditional Turkish village with old stone houses Alinda - ancient ruins Alabanda - ancient ruins Magnesia ad Maeandrum - ancient ruins, on the Ortaklar-Söke road in Germencik Nysa - another ruined Carian city, in Sultanhisar Aphrodisias - more ancient ruins, including tombs and sculpture, in Karacasu Priene - another ruin, near Söke Mycale Mountains Aydın is the home of the Zeybek folk art.
This involves a special type of war dance, performed in a ring to resemble birds. The Zeybek is performed to sounds of other Turkish folk instruments; the folk songs of Aydın are famously short, indeed a popular saying in the Aegean region to get someone to stop talking, is Keep it short, make it an Aydın tune. The cuisine features the typical Turkish pastries, kebab. Izmir to Aydın motorway is the city's main thoroughfare. Anthemius of Tralles - architect of Haghia Sophia in Istanbul Atçalı Kel Mehmet Efe, folk hero, leader of a public revolt during the decline of the Ottoman Empire Yörük Ali Efe, hero of the Turkish War of Independence Mahmut Esat Bozkurt, architect of the legal system of the Turkish Republic, close friend of Atatürk, born in Kuşadası Adnan Menderes, Turkish Prime Minister Necati Çelim, MP for Aydın, founding Chairman of Aydın Tekstil Fabrikası, born in Köşk İlhan Selçuk, editor of the Cumhuriyet newspaper İsmet Sezgin, former minister Atilla Koç, MP for Aydın, former minister of culture and tourism, born in Köşk Güven Önüt, former Beşiktaş footballer Rıdvan Dilmen, retired footballer, team manager and sports commentator List of populated places in Aydın Province Aydın governor's official website Aydın municipality's official website Aydın weather forecast information Local information Aydın figs information Aydın otelleri
Manisa Province is a province in western Turkey. Its neighboring provinces are İzmir to the west, Aydın to the south, Denizli to the southeast, Uşak to the east, Kütahya to the northeast, Balıkesir to the north; the city of Manisa is the capital of the province. The traffic code is 45. Mount Sipylus National Park near the city of Manisa embraces a richly forested area, hot springs, the famous "crying rock" of Niobe, a Hittite carving of the mother-goddess Cybele; the park boasts about 120 varieties of native plants within its boundaries wild tulips. The park provides opportunities for camping. Sardis, in the present-day municipality of Salihli, was the ancient capital of Lydia, once ruled by King Croesus, renowned for his wealth. Due to numerous earthquakes, most of the visible remains date back only to Roman times. There are the remains of the temple of Artemis and a restored gymnasium, exhibiting of the past splendor of this ancient city; the splendid synagogue from the 3rd century is worth visiting, with its elaborate mosaics and artfully carved colored-stone panels.
Akhisar, the ancient city of Thyatira, was one of the Seven Churches of the Book of Revelation and the remains of the ancient city is found in part of the city called Tepe Mezarlığı. More it has become an important commercial center in the province and is its second largest after Manisa; the city of Alaşehir is where the remains of the ancient city of Philadelphia, another of the Seven Churches, is found. There is little left of the ancient city, except some ruins of a Byzantine church; the villages of Mount Yunt and the towns of Gördes and Demirci are known for their carpets and kilims. The houses in Kula are local examples of Ottoman architecture. In addition, there are many thermal springs throughout the area; the province is developed in terms of industrial activities, which are concentrated in the largest four centers of Manisa, Turgutlu and Salihli. List of municipalities in Manisa Province List of populated places in Manisa Province Manisa governor's official website Manisa municipality's official website Manisa Weather Forecast Information Selendi is a town and district of Manisa Province Manisa Gölmarmara Eseler Village About Everything living in Manisa
Erzincan is the capital of Erzincan Province in northeastern Turkey. Nearby cities include Erzurum, Tunceli, Bingöl, Elâzığ, Malatya, Gümüşhane and Giresun. Located at an altitude of 1,185 meters above sea level, the city's climate produces snowy winters and warm summers; the city is notable for handcrafted copper goods and a special cheese called "tulum peyniri" in Turkish. It was once noted for its silverware. Current industries include sugar textile industries; the city is home to the headquarters of the Turkish Third Army. Acilisene, the ancient city, now Erzincan, was the site of the Peace of Acilisene by which in AD 387 Armenia was divided into two vassal states, a smaller one dependent on the Byzantine Empire and a larger one dependent on Persia; this is the name by which it is called by Strabo in his Geography, 11.4.14. The etymological origin of the word is disputed, but it is agreed that the city was once called Erez. For a while it was called Justinianopolis in honour of Emperor Justinian.
In more recent Greek it has been called as Κελτζηνή and Κελεζηνή In the Armenian language, the 5th-century Life of Mashtots called it Yekeghiats In the more recent past, it was known in Armenian as Երզնկա In the settlement of Erez, at a yet unidentified site, there was a pre-Christian shrine dedicated to the Armenian goddess Anahit. A text of Agathangelos reports that during the first year of his reign, King Trdat of Armenia went to Erez and visited Anahit's temple to offer sacrifice, he ordered Gregory the Illuminator, secretly a Christian, to make an offering at its altar. When Gregory refused, he was taken captive and tortured, starting the events that would end with Trdat's conversion to Christianity some 14 years later. After that conversion, during the Christianisation of Armenia, the temple at Erez was destroyed and its property and lands were given to Gregory, it became known for its extensive monasteries. It is hard to tell; the first whose name is known is of the mid-5th century: Ioannes, who in 459 signed the decree of Patriarch Gennadius I of Constantinople against the simoniacs.
Georgius or Gregorius was one of the Fathers of the Second Council of Constantinople, appearing as "bishop of Justinianopolis". Theodorus was at the Third Council of Constantinople in 681, signing as "bishop of Justinianopolis or the region of Ecclenzine". Georgius was at the Photian Council of Constantinople; until the 10th century, the diocese itself appears in none of the Notitiae Episcopatuum. At the end of that century, they present it as an autocephalous archdiocese, those of the 11th century present it as a metropolitan see with 21 suffragans; this was the time of greatest splendour of Acilisene, which ended with the decisive defeat of the Byzantines by the Seljuq Turks at the Battle of Manzikert in 1071. After the 13th century, there is no mention of diocesan bishops of Acilisene and the see no longer appears in Notitiae Episcopatuum. No longer a residential bishopric, Acilisene is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see. In 1071 Erzincan was absorbed into the Mengüçoğlu under the Seljuk Sulëiman Kutalmish.
Marco Polo, who wrote about his visit to Erzincan, said that the "people of the country are Armenians" and that Erzincan was the "noblest of cities" which contained the See of an Archbishop. In 1243 it was destroyed in fighting between the Seljuks under the Mongols. However, by 1254 its population had recovered enough that William of Rubruck was able to say an earthquake had killed more than 10,000 people. During this period, the city reached a level of semi-independence under the rule of Armenian princes. Erzincan was one of the most pivotal towns in Safavid history, it was there, in the summer of 1500, that about 7,000 Qizilbash forces, consisting of the Ustaclu, Rumlu, Zhulkadir, Afshar and Varsak tribes, responded to the invitation of Ismail I, whom would aid in him establishing his dynasty. The Battle of Erzincan took place during the Caucasus Campaign of the First World War. In 1916 Erzincan was the headquarters for the Turkish Third Army commanded by Kerim Pasha; the Russian General Nikolai Yudenich led the Russian Caucasus Army who captured Mama Hatun on 12 July 1916.
They gained the heights of Naglika and took a Turkish position on the banks of the Durum Durasi river, with their cavalry breaking through the Boz-Tapa-Meretkli line. They advanced on Erzincan arriving by 25 June and taking the city in two days; the city was untouched by battle and Yudenich seized large quantities of supplies. Despite the strategic advantages gained from this victory, Yudenich made no more significant advances and his forces were reduced due to Russian reverses further north. Colonel Kâzım Karabekir was appointed the commander of the First Caucasian Army Corps. Aware of the withdrawal of the Russian Army following the Russian Revolution, they retook Erzincan in February 1918. A short-lived soviet council had been at Erzincan between 1916-1921. Today's Erzincan and Tunceli provinces were under Russian occupation. After the revolution, Bolshevik soldiers took control of the officer corps. Arşak Cemalyan, a Bolshevik soldier, called Kurdish and Armenian representatives to take charge of the administration of Erzincan Soviet.
The city was destroyed by a major earthquake on December 27, 1939. The sequence of seven violent shocks, the biggest measuring 7.8 on the moment magnitude scale, was the most powerful one to strike Turkey in recent history. The first stage of the earthquake killed about 8,000 people; the next day, it was reported
Balıkesir Province is a province in northwestern Turkey with coastlines on both the Sea of Marmara and the Aegean. Its adjacent provinces are Çanakkale to the west, İzmir to the southwest, Manisa to the south, Kütahya to the southeast, Bursa to the east; the provincial capital is Balıkesir City. Most of the province lies in the Marmara Region except the southern parts of Bigadiç Edremit, Kepsut, İvrindi, Savaştepe and Sındırgı districts and ones of Ayvalık, Dursunbey, Gömeç and Havran, that bound the Aegean Region. Kaz Dağı, known as Mount Ida, is located in this province. Balıkesir province is famous for its olives, thermal spas, clean beaches, making it an important tourist destination; the province hosts immense deposits of kaolinite and borax, with some open-pit mines. The Kaz mountains are threatened with the expansion of gold mining using cyanide which puts the villagers' lives, the agricultural economy, tourism at risk. Balıkesir is home to a number including Kuş Cenneti National Park. Among the cultural attractions of Balıkesir are the ruins of Cyzicus and Saraylar on the Sea of Marmara and Antandrus.
There are a city museum and a fine arts centre in Balıkesir. There are a number of camping facilities in Erdek, Altınoluk, Akçay, Güre, Ören. Balıkesir Kuvayi Milliye Museum Bandırma Archaeological Museum Edremit Ayşe Sıdıka Erke Ethnography Museum Balıkesir National Photography Museum Edremit Tahtakuşlar Ethnography Museum Gönen Mosaic Museum Balıkesir Municipality's Devrim Erbil Modern Arts Museum Bigadiç Museum House Marmara District Palaces Open Air Museum Altınoluk Antardos Open Air Museum Erdek Belkıs Ruins Open Air Museum Daskyleon ruins Prokonnessos ruins Adyramytteon ruins Yortan ruins Erdek Kapıdağ region Kaz Dağı national park Kuş Cenneti national park Alaçam mountains Ayvalık Islands natural park Madra mountains Celebrating its 18th anniversary in 2010, the young Balıkesir University has been increasing its supports to the higher education of the province from the past to the future, it has been determined to meet the new age, the Age of Information, with 5 Faculties, 4 Applied Schools, 11 Vocational Schools giving vocational training for 2 years, 2 Graduate Schools, 2 Research Institutes and 9 Research Centers presenting modern academic services with dynamic, productive academic and administrative staff appropriate to the age.
BAU has aimed to be an educational institution of the 21st century and has taken special care to direct its experience from the past towards this objective. Other guiding objectives of BAU are to bring up democratic, independent, young citizens, loyal to Atatürk’s principles and revolutions and the basic principles of the Republic, respectful not only to their country and culture but to universal values as well. BAU forms an environment to produce information and knowledge to be benefited by the country and the world, to share it with both the society and the science world for the wealth and well-being of humanity. BAU is well aware of its responsibilities for both Turkish Higher science world, it fulfills the requirements of a modern institution of education with 25 000 students, 650 members of academic staff. BAU is aware that it is not only enough for a modern university to provide education of high quality but to produce science and technology; the students are encouraged to participate in social and sports activities.
The administration and academic personnel of the university support and direct a variety of extracurricular activities. BAU aims at meeting academic and research needs of students and administrative staff and of the society to enhance scientific productivity with modern libraries, increasing the number and quality of undergraduate programs and scientific studies. Çağış Campus The units listed below are all located on the main Çağış Campus, which lies on the outskirts of the city. Buses and minibuses provide regular services to Çağış Campus from the city center between the hours 07:00 and 23:00. Rectorate building, with administrative departments Faculty of Engineering and Architecture Faculty of Sciences and Arts School of Tourism and Hotel Management Balıkesir Vocational School Central Library Main Sports Hall Graduate School of Science Graduate School of Social Sciences NEF Campus NEF Campus, located in the center of the town, was the original site of the university; the units listed below are all located on this campus: Faculty of Education, School of Physical Education and Sports Teaching.
NEF Conference Hall, Halil İnalcık Conference Hall Sports Hall University Fitness Center Outdoor sports facilities Continuing Education Center Balıkesir is accessible on Turkey's most travelled road, linking the metropolises of İstanbul and İzmir. Hande Erçel-Actress and Model from Bandırma city. Hülya Avşar - Actress, producer from Ayvalık Fikret Hakan - Actor from Balıkesir Imam Birgivi - Muslim scholar from Balıkesir Zağanos Pasha - Ottoman military commander from Balıkesir Ömer Seyfettin - Renowned writer from Gönen Mehmet Çoban - Olympian Greco-Roman wrestler from Balıkesir Kurtdereli Mehmet Pehlivan - World
Karaman Province is a province of south-central Turkey. It has an area of 9,163 km2, it has a population of 232,633. According to the 2000 census the population was 243,210. Population density is 27.54 people/km2. The traffic code is 70; the capital is the city of Karaman. Karaman was the location of the Karamanid emirate, which came to an end in 1486. Karaman province is divided into 6 districts: Ayrancı Başyayla Ermenek Karaman Kazımkarabekir Sarıveliler Yeşildere Sudurağı Akçaşehir Taşkale Binbirkilise, a region around Karadağ Mountain 30 km north of Karaman with Byzantine church ruins Görmeli, a village on the hillside of the Taurus Mountains near Ermenek Karadağ Mountain, an extinct volcano north of Karaman city List of populated places in Karaman Province Karaman governor's official website Political map of Karaman province Karaman municipality's official website Karaman weather forecast information Karaman Eyalet