Fuller Warren Bridge
The Fuller Warren Bridge is a prestressed concrete girder bridge that carries Interstate 95 across the St. Johns River in Jacksonville, Florida; the current bridge was completed in October 2002, replacing the original bascule bridge span completed in 1954. The current bridge was designed by HNTB Corporation in 1990 and built by Balfour Beatty Construction; the entire bridge is over 7,500 ft. long, with a main span of 250 feet, a vertical clearance of 75 ft. The bridge now carries eight lanes across the span; the bridge is named after former Florida governor Fuller Warren, former member and eventual denouncer of the KKK, who held the office from 1949 to 1953. He had served as a member of the Jacksonville City Council from 1931 to 1937; the original bascule bridge was tolled until 1988, when the city of Jacksonville abolished toll collections. Increasing wear from heavy traffic, including a 1993 incident in which a 3 square feet fragment of concrete broke loose, forced officials to ban large trucks from the bridge in 1998.
It was permanently closed June 2001, when all traffic was moved to the new Fuller Warren Bridge. After delays in removal because of legal and environmental concerns, the Florida Department of Transportation used explosives to complete demolition of the old bridge on February 17, 2007. Conversion from the old Fuller Warren Bridge to the new one began with one lane of southbound I-95 traffic on April 16, 2000; the new bridge, built at a cost of $100 million, was opened to all eight lanes in late 2002 and formally dedicated on January 13, 2003. About 2013, The Florida State Department of Transportation began the Your10&95 project to add operational improvements and enhancements to the I-10, I-95 highway interchange in metro Jacksonville. A planning department held several public meetings to discuss the proposed project and the cost of its construction with residents, community partners and businesses, they asked for input from the public attendees. The meetings were held on February 10, 2014, on August 28, 2014 and on February 26, 2015.
During those meetings, it was suggested that as part of the widening project to add two additional traffic lanes to the Fuller-Warren bridge, an additional pedestrian Shared use path should be added. The proposed path over the St. Johns River would connect the Riverside and Avondale historic neighborhood with the San Marco historic neighborhood; the FDOT agreed to implement the shared use path suggestion, as well as a number of other requests, such as adding traffic Noise barrier for residents. The project began May 5, 2017 and was expected to be completed in the summer of 2020. See Shared Use Path renderings On the morning of October 4, 2018, a fatal accident involving one of the construction workers caused a suspension of the project until further notice. Bridges portal Florida portal List of crossings of the St. Johns River Media related to Fuller Warren Bridge at Wikimedia Commons "FDOT Structures Design Office - Fuller Warren Bridge". Retrieved 2006-05-26
The Florida Times-Union
The Florida Times-Union is a major daily newspaper in Jacksonville, United States. Known as the oldest newspaper in the state, it began publication as the Florida Union in 1864, its current incarnation started in 1883, when the Florida Union merged with another Jacksonville paper, the Florida Daily Times. A Southeast Georgia edition, called The Georgia Times-Union, serves the Brunswick area. In 1983, Morris Communications of Augusta, purchased Florida Publishing Company; the Times-Union became the largest newspaper of this chain, which owns a number of newspapers around the country. In 2018, its editor is Mary Kelli Palka and the editorial page editor is Michael P. Clark. In 1864, during the American Civil War, J. K. Stickney and W. C. Morrill published the first edition of the Florida Union, it was a Northern and Republican paper, at the time when Jacksonville was occupied by the Union Army. By 1867, Stickney sold the Florida Union to Edward M. Cheney, of Boston. Cheney lacked the needed money; the Union was sold to Walton, Fowle & Co. in 1873.
Stockholder C. F. Mawbey turned the Union into a daily publication. Cheney returned to the Union as an editor. In 1876, the Union was in abandoned daily publication. Financially doomed, it was sold to H. B. McCallum, who returned it to daily publication and converted it from an afternoon to a morning paper. Charles H. Jones was refused by McCallum. Annoyed, Jones started a rival paper, the Florida Daily Times, in November 1881. By 1883, the Daily Times was dominating the Union. McCallum became ill and decided to sell the paper to the Daily Times; the Union combined with the Daily Times to form The Florida Times-Union, whose first edition was published on February 4, 1883. On February 11, 2018, The Florida Times-Union printed its last papers in Jacksonville after 154 years; the Florida Times-Union newspapers are now printed at The Gainesville Sun and The Daytona Beach News-Journal, which are both owned by Gatehouse Media. The Florida Times-Union was owned by Florida Publishing Company, a subsidiary of Seaboard Coast Line Railroad.
In 1983 Morris Communications of Augusta, Georgia acquired the Florida Publishing Company. From 1983 to 2017 The Florida Times-Union had been owned by Morris Communications. In October 2017 Gatehouse Media acquired The Florida Times-Union from Morris Communications. Media in Jacksonville, Florida List of newspapers in Florida Official website
J. C. Penney
J. C. Penney Company, Inc. is an American department store chain with 864 locations in 49 U. S. states and Puerto Rico. In addition to selling conventional merchandise, J. C. Penney stores house several leased departments such as Sephora, Seattle's Best Coffee, auto centers, optical centers, portrait studios, jewelry repair. Most J. C. Penney stores are located in suburban shopping malls. Before 1966, most of its stores were located in downtown areas; as shopping malls became more popular during the half of the 20th century, J. C. Penney followed the trend by relocating and developing stores to anchor the malls. In more recent years, the chain has continued to follow consumer traffic, echoing the retailing trend of opening some freestanding stores, including some next door to competitors. Certain stores are located in power centers; the company has been an Internet retailer since 1998. It has streamlined its catalog and distribution while undergoing renovation improvements at store level. James Cash Penney was born in Missouri.
After graduating from high school, Penney worked for a local retailer. He relocated to Colorado at the advice of a doctor, hoping that a better climate would improve his health. In 1898, Penney went to work for Thomas Callahan and Guy Johnson, who owned dry goods stores called Golden Rule stores in Colorado and Wyoming. In 1899, Callahan sent Penney to Evanston, Wyoming, to work with Johnson in another Golden Rule store. Callahan and Johnson asked Penney to join them in opening a new Golden Rule store. Using money from savings and a loan, Penney joined the partnership and moved with his wife and infant son to Kemmerer, Wyoming, to start his own store. Penney opened the store on April 14, 1902, he participated in the creation of two more stores and purchased full interest in all three locations when Callahan and Johnson dissolved their partnership in 1907. In 1909, Penney moved his company headquarters to Salt Lake City, Utah to be closer to banks and railroads. By 1912, Penney had 34 stores in the Rocky Mountain States.
In 1913, all stores were consolidated under the J. C. Penney banner; the so-called "mother store", in Kemmerer, opened as the chain's second location in 1904. It still operates, as of 2018, albeit with shorter hours than many other locations, is closed on Sundays. In 1913, the company was incorporated under the new name, J. C. Penney Company, with William Henry McManus as a co-founder. In 1914, the headquarters was moved to New York City to simplify buying and transportation of goods. By 1917, the company operated 175 stores in 22 states in the United States. J. C. Penney acquired The Crescent Corset Company in 1920, the company's first wholly owned subsidiary. In 1922, the company's oldest active private brand, Big Mac work clothes, was launched; the company opened its 500th store in 1924 in Hamilton, James Cash Penney's hometown. By the opening of the 1,000th store in 1928, gross business had reached $190,000,000. In 1940, Sam Walton began working at a J. C. Penney in Iowa. Walton went on to found future retailer Walmart in 1962.
By 1941, J. C. Penney operated 1,600 stores in all 48 states. In 1956, J. C. Penney started national advertising with a series of advertisements in Life magazine. J. C. Penney credit cards were first issued in 1959. In 1962, J. C. Penney entered discount merchandising with the acquisition of General Merchandise Company which gave them The Treasury stores; these discount operations proved unsuccessful and were shuttered in 1981. In 1963, J. C. Penney issued its first catalog; the company operated in-store catalog desks in eight states. The catalogs were distributed by the Milwaukee Catalog distribution center; the company dedicated its first full-line, shopping center department store in 1961. This store was located in Audubon, New Jersey; the second full-line shopping center store was dedicated, at King of Prussia Plaza, in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania in late 1962. Those stores expanded the lines of merchandise and services that an average J. C. Penney carried to include appliances, sporting goods, garden merchandise, beauty salons, portrait studios, auto parts, auto centers.
J. C. Penney expanded to include Hawaii in the 1960s; the company opened stores in Anchorage and Fairbanks, Alaska in 1962. The Penney Building in Anchorage collapsed and was damaged beyond repair in the 1964 Alaska earthquake; the company rebuilt the store as a shorter building on a larger footprint and followed up by building Anchorage's first public parking garage, which opened in 1968. In 1966, J. C. Penney "finished" its national expansion with the opening of its Honolulu, Hawaii store, at Ala Moana Center; the Penney store at Plaza Las Américas mall in San Juan, Puerto Rico, which opened in 1968, featured three levels and 261,500 square feet. It was the largest J. C. Penney until a 300,000-square-foot store was dedicated at Greater Chicago's Woodfield Mall in 1971; the Woodfield Mall store served as the largest in the chain until a replacement store opened at Plaza Las Américas in 1998, 350,000 square feet in size. In 1969, the company acquired Thrift Drug, a chain of drugstores headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
It acquired Supermarkets Interstate, an Omaha-based food retailer which operated leased departments in J. C. Penney stores, The Treasury stores, Thrift Drug stores. On February 12, 1971, James Cash Penney died at the age of 95. Out of respect for his death, the company's stores were closed for the morning of February 16 during his funeral; that year, the company's revenues reached $5 billion
Arlington is a large neighborhood of Jacksonville, Florida understood as one of the city's large "sides", the others being Northside and Westside. It borders the Southside area at its southern end, has several bridge connections to nearby beaches, the Northside and Downtown; the expansive neighborhood was incorporated into the city in 1968 as a result the Jacksonville Consolidation, a city-county consolidation of the governments of the City of Jacksonville and Duval County. Arlington is known for its mid-century modern architecture, contains several architectural significant homes designed by local architects Robert C. Broward, Taylor Hardwick, William Morgan. Arlington was one of the first areas in the United States visited by Europeans. After the destruction of Fort Caroline, the area was only sparsely inhabited until the 19th century, when sawmills and plantations were established along the St. Johns River. After the American Civil War these gave way to residential developments, which were absorbed into the Arlington community as it grew.
Completed in 1910, Atlantic Boulevard was Florida's first modern "improved" highway and is considered to have been the beginning of the state's highway system. The highway connects the mainland portion of the city of Jacksonville with the Jacksonville Beaches, its eastern terminus is in the San Marco neighborhood. First proposed in the 1890s by Eugene F. Gilbert, who paid for land surveys and convinced the Duval County Commission to use convict labor to start building the road. A new set of county commissioners would terminate the project as it neared completion; the road was completed after the arrival of the automobile. Only 18 feet wide, the road would soon draw criticism as being too narrow for the large amount of traffic carried between the mainland and the beach. In 1947 the administration of Jacksonville University purchased land in the Arlington neighborhood on which to establish a main campus; the first building was completed in 1950 and classes began. The same year the school received full accreditation as a two-year college from the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools.
Known as William J. Porter University, Jacksonville University was founded in 1934 by William J. Porter, it began as a small private two-year college. Sixty students were enrolled in Porter University's first year of operation; the school changed its name to Jacksonville Junior College in 1935. It relocated three times over the next fifteen years, but the influx of GI bill students following the end of World War II made a permanent location necessary; the school received full accreditation in 1962 as a four-year school from SACS. Following the 1953 opening of the Mathews Bridge the Arlington area experienced a significant increase in development, maintaining a faster growth rate than any other area in Jacksonville for two decades; the Mathews Bridge is a cantilever bridge which spans the St. Johns River, brings traffic along the Arlington Expressway between Downtown Jacksonville and Arlington. Midway between downtown and the beaches, the Sandalwood neighborhood began developing in spring of 1960 and is just one example of the many planned subdivisions beginning to sprawl across the area at that time.
Opening in 1967, Regency Square Mall is an enclosed shopping mall developed by Regency Centers. Constructed at an expanse of sand dunes at an expense of $12 million, it featured three anchor stores: national chain JCPenney, along with May-Cohens and Furchgotts; the mall included a Woolworth dime store as a junior anchor, a cafeteria style Piccadilly restaurant, as well as the single-screen Regency Cinema. Annie Tiques bar and restaurant opened on an outparcel of the mall. According to an Urban Land Institute study published by the Florida Times-Union in 1979, it was one of the most profitable retail centers in the nation, with yearly average sales of $156/ft² versus a national average of $88/ft². To give back to the community, the mall operators turned over thousands of dollars in coins from their decorative fountains to charities. All types of social events, from art shows to science fairs to horticultural exhibits were held there. Construction of the Dames Point Bridge began in 1985 and was completed in 1989.
The bridge crosses the St. Johns River using a cable-stayed design, connecting Arlington to the Northside of Jacksonville. Designed by HNTB Corporation and RS&H, constructed by The Massman Construction Company, the main span is 1,300 feet, is 175 feet high; when built, it was longest concrete cable-stayed bridge in the world. Together with Northside and Southside, Arlington is considered one of the large sections of Jacksonville. Arlington was a small settlement across the St. Johns River east of the present day central business district; the area grew in the latter part of the 20th century, now includes many smaller neighborhoods and developments. Today it refers to most of Jacksonville east and south of the St. Johns, west of the Intracoastal Waterway, north of the Arlington River and Southside. Using GIS to sort 87 businesses with "Arlington" in their name, McEwen came to a similar definition, though noted that Arlington overlaps with Southside at its southern end. Arlington has a humid subtropical climate.
Fort Caroline Jacksonville Arboretum & Gardens Marabanong Norman Studios Palm and Cycad Arboretum Timucuan Preserve Tree Hill Nature Center The Regency area describes the commercial and retail development centered around Regency Square Ma
The Isaiah David Hart Bridge is a truss bridge that spans the St. Johns River in Jacksonville, Florida, it carries U. S. Route 1 Alternate and State Road 228, it is named after the founder of Jacksonville. It was designed by Parcel; the Isaiah David Hart Bridge was completed in 1967 at a cost of $8.83 million. The official name of the bridge is the Isaiah David Hart Bridge after the founder of Jacksonville, Isaiah Hart; the bridge was built on a bond to be paid off with tolls until they were lifted in 1989. The bridge helped relieve congestion from the Main Street Bridge. In 1999 the Hart Bridge was ranked 19th as one of the longest cantilever bridges in the world; the bridge has traditionally been painted green and is referred to as "The Green Monster" by locals. Daily traffic averages 52,000 vehicles; the stretch of highway between downtown and Beach Boulevard is known as the Commodore Point Expressway, but more referred to by locals as the Hart Bridge Expressway. The bridge is a steel cantilever bridge, a type of continuous truss bridge.
The bridge's main span is uncommon for a cantilever bridge in that the truss over the main channel tapers upward and the roadway below is suspended from the truss by steel hangers. Bridges portal Florida portal Jacksonville, Florida portal List of crossings of the St. Johns River Isaiah D. Hart Bridge at Structurae City of Jacksonville article about the bridges
Kohl's is an American department store retail chain, operated by Kohl's Corporation. With 1,158 locations, it is the largest department store chain in the United States as of February 2013; the company was founded by Polish immigrant Maxwell Kohl, who opened a corner grocery store in Milwaukee, Wisconsin in 1927. Branching out from its successful grocery store chain, the company opened its first department store in 1962. British American Tobacco Company took a controlling interest in the company in 1972, in 1979, the Kohl family left the management of the company. A group of investors purchased the company in 1986 from British-American Tobacco and took it public in 1992; the company is headquartered in the Milwaukee suburb of Menomonee Falls, operating stores in every U. S. state except Hawaii. Kohl's became the largest department store chain in the United States in May 2012, surpassing its biggest competitor J. C. Penney; the company is listed on both the S&P 500 and the Fortune 500. In terms of revenue, the chain was the 20th-largest retailer in the United States in 2013.
As of 2013, Kohl's was the second largest U. S. department store company by retail sales. Maxwell Kohl, who had operated traditional grocery stores since 1927, built his first supermarket in 1946, the first in what would become a southeastern Wisconsin chain known as Kohl's Food Stores. In September 1962, after building Kohl's Food Stores into the largest supermarket chain in the Milwaukee area, Kohl opened his first department store in Brookfield, Wisconsin, he positioned Kohl's between the higher-end department stores and the discounters, selling everything from candy to engine oil to sporting equipment. In 1972 the British-American Tobacco Company's U. S. retail division, BATUS Inc. bought a controlling interest in Kohl's Corporation, which at the time operated 50 grocery stores, six department stores, three drug stores and three liquor stores. The Kohl family, led by Allen and Herb Kohl, continued to manage the company; the family left the management in 1979, Herbert Kohl became a United States Senator and owner of the Milwaukee Bucks.
The firm expanded Kohl's presence from 10 to 39 stores in Wisconsin and Indiana. The grocery stores were sold to A&P in 1983, operating under the name Kohl's Food Store, Kohl's Food Emporium. In February 2003, A&P put the Kohl's Food Stores as part of an effort to reduce debt. In 2003, A&P closed all Kohl's Food Stores locations. A group of investors, led by the senior management, purchased the company in 1986. Building on an existing 40 department stores, the company added 27 more stores over the next two years. In 1988, the chain acquired 26 locations from the Chicago-based retailer MainStreet, gaining several stores in Chicago's suburbs, the Twin Cities, Michigan. Kohl's completed its initial public offering on May 19, 1992 and began trading on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol KSS. During the 2000s, Kohl's expanded nationwide to 49 states. Building from 76 stores in the Midwest in 1992, Kohl's expanded into California in 2003 with 28 new stores, the Pacific Northwest in 2006 with 10 new stores, the Southeast with 43 new stores opening between 2005 and 2008.
To raise money to repurchase its stock and open new stores, Kohl's sold its credit card division in 2006 to J. P. Morgan Chase for $1.5 billion. In 2011, Kohl's replaced Chase with Capital One as their private credit card processing partner for an undisclosed sum. Kohl's hired New York City advertising agency DeVito/Verdi in 2009 to strengthen the Kohl's brand via a series of national television and social media campaigns; the same year, Newsweek magazine ranked the company 18th overall and first in its industry in its "Green Rankings", an examination of 500 of the largest corporations on their environmental track records. Newsweek remarked that Kohl's had the largest solar power program of any retailer globally, it pursues green building certification, over 78 locations in six states have solar panels. Kohl's had begun to sell reusable shopping bags the previous year. Kohl's was awarded $62.5 million in tax credits from the Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation in 2012. The retailer was to create 3,000 jobs with the funds, but only created 473.
In the same year, Kohl's requested financing from the village of Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin to finance the building of its new headquarters there. Kohl's received $2 million, the first of five installments, to equal a total payout of $12 million, only to back out of the transaction. In 2015, the company opened the first test store of OFF/AISLE, a chain built around selling like-new clothing, home goods and accessories that were purchased and returned at Kohl's stores; the stores sell items at discounted prices, have a more restrictive return policy than typical Kohl's stores. In early January 2017, Kohl's shares fell 19% in value, in what The Wall Street Journal said was "the stock's worst day on record," and noted that it was a noticeable exception to the overall declining volatility of the market; the company ranked 157th on the 2018 Fortune 500, the annual list of the largest United States corporations, having earned revenues of $19.095 billion in 2017. Kohl's uses a "racetrack" layout with a single aisle that circles the entire store, a layout borrowed from discount stores.
In 2011, Kohl's announced plans to remodel 100 of its 1,100 locations. Changes included redone store sections, fitting rooms, newer merchandise displays. Kohl's store brands include diffusion lines from high-end designers such as Dana Buchman, Vera Wang, Narciso Rodriguez, Peter Som. Celebrities such as Avril Lavigne, Lauren Conrad, Daisy Fuentes, Jennifer Lopez, Marc Anthony, Tony Hawk have sold branded clothing through Kohl's. Kohl's private brands gener
Maison Blanche was a department store in New Orleans and also a chain of department stores. It was founded in 1897 by an immigrant from Germany. Maison Blanche is best remembered for introducing the locally popular Mr. Bingle Christmas mascot and for its landmark flagship store on Canal Street. Maison Blanche was acquired in 1923 by City Stores Company, which merged Maison Blanche with Loveman's in 1950. City Stores Co. filed for bankruptcy in July 1979. While in bankruptcy, they intended to consolidate the seven Maison Blanche stores with four B. Lowenstein's stores in Memphis, Tennessee, to form the Maison Blanche Department Stores group, but in early 1982 the Memphis stores were shuttered. Instead, three of the seven existing Maison Blanche stores, as well as the name, were purchased by Goudchaux's, Inc. of Baton Rouge, owned by the Sternberg brothers.. Operating as Goudchaux/Maison Blanche, the new company reopened the original Canal Street flagship in 1984, leasing three floors from the new owners.
In the late 1980s, two Florida-based retail chains were purchased, allowing the company to enter the fast-growing Florida market. In 1987 Goudchaux/Maison Blanche acquired the ten-unit Robinson's of Florida on Florida's Gulf Coast from May Department Stores; the Goudchaux name was dropped at this time and all the stores were renamed Maison Blanche. But the rapid expansion coupled with the oil-related recession in Louisiana proved to be too much for the company to manage, in 1991 Maison Blanche sold eight west and central Florida stores to Dillard's, leaving it with eight Louisiana stores and eight Florida stores. Maison Blanche was purchased by Mercantile Stores Inc. in February 1992 as a 16-store unit. The eight Louisiana stores continued to operate under the Maison Blanche name, until Mercantile Stores was acquired by Dillard's in 1998. Dillard's subsequently closed the Canal Street store after operating it; the acquisition of Maison Blanche came nearly a decade after Dillard's had purchased another New Orleans area retail institution and Canal Street landmark — D.
H. Holmes. Maison Blanche's original building was on Canal Street; this was demolished around 1908. A distinctive new building, which still stands, was constructed around 1908–1909. At one time there were many dental offices in the top floors; the Canal Street store was closed in 1982 by the City Stores Company and reopened in 1984. In 1997 work began to use the upper floors as part of a new Ritz-Carlton hotel; the original plan was for the lower floors to continue to operate as a Maison Blanche department store. However, after Dillard's acquired the store with the purchase of the remainder of the Maison Blanche chain, they closed the Canal Street store; the whole building, along with the neighboring Kress building, is now part of the New Orleans Ritz Carlton, which had a grand opening on October 6, 2000. The hotel was occupied during and after Hurricane Katrina, it suffered considerable damage. The Ritz-Carlton reopened on December 2006, after a $106 million refurbishment. D. H. Holmes Sternberg, Hans J.
We Were Merchants: The Sternberg Family and the Story of Goudchaux's and Maison Blanche Department Stores. Baton Rouge, LA.:Louisiana State University Press, 2009 ISBN 978-0-8071-3449-8