Niederhasli is a municipality in the district of Dielsdorf in the canton of Zürich in Switzerland. Niederhasli is first mentioned in 931 as Hasila, Niederhasli has an area of 11.3 km2. Of this area,58. 3% is used for agricultural purposes, of the rest of the land,18. 7% is settled and the remainder is non-productive. The municipality is located in the lower Glatttal near the entrance to the Wehntal and it includes the villages of Niederhasli, Oberhasli and Nassenwil. Before 1840 it included the village of Niederglatt, which became an independent municipality at that time, Niederhasli has a population of 9,085. As of 2007,22. 6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals, over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 18. 9%. Most of the population speaks German, with Italian being second most common, in the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 43. 8% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS, the CVP and the FDP, the age distribution of the population is children and teenagers make up 25. 9% of the population, while adults make up 66. 9% and seniors make up 7. 2%.
In Niederhasli about 75. 8% of the population have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education, Niederhasli has an unemployment rate of 2. 82%. As of 2005, there were 85 people employed in the economic sector. 573 people are employed in the sector and there are 59 businesses in this sector. 1016 people are employed in the sector, with 186 businesses in this sector. The historical population is given in the table, Niederhasli railway station is a stop of the Zürich S-Bahn on the lines S5. It is a 20 minute ride from Zürich Hauptbahnhof, official website Niederhasli in German and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland
Cantons of Switzerland
The 26 cantons of Switzerland are the member states of the Swiss Confederation. The nucleus of the Swiss Confederacy in the form of the first three confederate allies used to be referred to as the Waldstätte, with the Napoleonic period of the Helvetic Republic the term canton/cantone/Kanton was fully established. From 1833, there were 25 cantons, which became 26 after the secession of the canton of Jura from Bern in 1979. The term canton, now used as English term for administrative subdivisions of other countries, originates in French usage in the late 15th century, from a word for edge. After 1490, canton was increasingly used in French and Italian documents to refer to the members of the Swiss Confederacy, English use of canton in reference to the Swiss Confederacy dates to the early 17th century. It was increasingly replaced by Stand after 1550, the French term canton was not adopted into German usage prior to 1648, and after that only in occasional use. The prominent usage of Ort and Stand only gradually disappeared in German-speaking Switzerland with the Helvetic Republic, only with the Act of Mediation of 1803 did German Kanton become an official designation, retained in the Swiss Constitution of 1848.
The term Stand remains in usage and is reflected in the name of the upper chamber of the Swiss Parliament. Republic Some cantonal constitutions provide for a formal name of the state. Most of Romandys cantons and Ticino call themselves république/Repubblica officially, at least within their constitutions, for example, the canton of Geneva refers to itself formally as the République et canton de Genève. Though they were part of the Holy Roman Empire, they had become de facto independent when the Swiss defeated Emperor Maximillian in 1499 in Dornach. The old system was abandoned with the formation of the Helvetic Republic following the French invasion of Switzerland in 1798, the cantons of the Helvetic Republic had merely the status of an administrative subdivision with no sovereignty. The Helvetic Republic collapsed within five years, and cantonal sovereignty was restored with the Act of Mediation of 1803, the status of Switzerland as a federation of states was restored, at the time including 19 cantons.
Three additional western cantons, Neuchâtel and Geneva, acceded in 1815, the process of Restoration, completed by 1830, returned most of the former feudal rights to the cantonal patriciates, leading to rebellions among the rural population. The Liberal Radical Party embodied these democratic forces calling for a new federal constitution and this tension, paired with religious issues escalated into armed conflict in the 1840s, with the brief Sonderbund War. The victory of the party resulted in the formation of Switzerland as a federal state in 1848. The cantons retained far-reaching sovereignty, but were no longer allowed to maintain standing armies or international relations. Each canton has its own constitution, legislature and courts, most of the cantons legislatures are unicameral parliaments, their size varying between 58 and 200 seats
Historical Dictionary of Switzerland
The encyclopedia is published by a foundation under the patronage of the Swiss Academy of Humanities and Social Sciences and the Swiss Historical Society and is financed by national research grants. Besides a staff of 35 at the offices, the contributors include 100 academic advisors,2500 historians and 100 translators. The encyclopedia is being edited simultaneously in three languages of Switzerland, German and Italian. The first of 13 volumes was published in 2002, the last volume was published in 2014. The 36,000 headings are grouped in, Biographies Articles on families and it makes accessible, for free, all articles ready for publication in print, but no illustrations. It lists all 36,000 topics that are to be covered, lexicon Istoric Retic is a two volume version with a selection of articles published in Romansh. It includes articles not available in the other languages, the first volume was published in 2010, the second in 2012. An on-line version is available
Regensberg was a family of counts from the Canton of Zürich in Switzerland. The family had possessions in the medieval Zürichgau from the probably mid-11th century, with the extinction of the male line, the city republic of Zürich laid claim to the Regensberg lands and formed the Herrschaft Regensberg respectively Äussere Vogtei. The heartland of the Regensberg possessions was in the Furt, the houses significant position founded on marriage relations with the noble houses of Kyburg, Rapperswil-Habsburg-Laufenburg, Neuchâtel and Pfirt. The origins of the family are unclear, and various speculations by renowned historians have not been proven so far, in 1083 Lütold I von Regensberg, Kastvogt of the Muri Abbey, is mentioned as the first bearer of the name and supposedly son of Lütold von Affoltern. Lütold II and his wife Judenta and their son Lütold III donated goods to build a nunnery, Lütold III was associated in the 1180s with the House of Zähringen. The foundation of the Rüti Abbey probably enabled Lütold IV to secure goods from the legacy of Alt-Rapperswil around 1192 to escape the clutches between Toggenburg and Neu-Rapperswil, in association with Rudolf II von Rapperswil a private church in Seegräben went over to the Rüti Abbey in 1206. Lütold VI was looking for a penetration of his reign.
Around the middle of the century, he founded the castle and town of Neu-Regensberg. But, both failed to establish a bailywick in opposition to namely the Habsburg family, and the expanding city of Zürich that tried to establish long-distance trading routes. Around 1290 Lütold VII already had left his castle. The last representative of Neu-Regensberg returned to the castle, after they had sold in 1302 the castle. In 1324 Lütold IX sealed the last document at Altburg castle, the Habsburgs mortgaged Neu-Regensberg several times, and in 1407 the so-called Herrschaft Regensberg was acquired by the city of Zürich. On 2 September 1407 Uolrich von Landenberg von Griffense der Älteste and his son Walther confirmed the conditions to sell the Altburg castle, from 1417 Neu-Regensberg became the seat of the bailiff of the Herrschaft Regensberg, named Äussere Vogtei of the city of Zürich. Untersuchungen zur sozialen Situation des ostschweizerischen Adels um 1300, martin Leonhard, von in German and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland,29 January 2013.
Martin Illi, Regensberg in German and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland,23 December 2011
Tertiary sector of the economy
The tertiary sector or service sector is the third of the three economic sectors of the three-sector theory. The others are the secondary sector, and the primary sector, the basic characteristic of this sector is the production of services instead of end products. Services include attention, access and discussion, the production of information has long been regarded as a service, but some economists now attribute it to a fourth sector, the quaternary sector. The tertiary sector of industry involves the provision of services to businesses as well as final consumers. The goods may be transformed in the process of providing the service, the focus is on people interacting with people and serving the customer rather than transforming physical goods. It is sometimes hard to define whether a company is part of the secondary or tertiary sector. These governmental classification systems have a hierarchy that reflects whether the economic goods are tangible or intangible. Unlike governmental classification systems, the first level of market-based classification systems divides the economy into functionally related markets or industries, the second or third level of these hierarchies reflects whether goods or services are produced.
For the last 100 years, there has been a shift from the primary and secondary sectors to the tertiary sector in industrialised countries. The tertiary sector is now the largest sector of the economy in the Western world and these are not necessarily busboys and live-in maids. Many of them are in the professional category and they are earning as much as manufacturing workers, and often more. The first economy to follow path in the modern world was the United Kingdom. The speed at which other economies have made the transition to service-based economies has increased over time, manufacturing tended to be more open to international trade and competition than services. Service providers face obstacles selling services that goods-sellers rarely face, services are intangible, making it difficult for potential customers to understand what they will receive and what value it will hold for them. Indeed, such as consultants and providers of investment services, since the quality of most services depends largely on the quality of the individuals providing the services, people costs are usually a high fraction of service costs.
Whereas a manufacturer may use technology and other techniques to lower the cost of goods sold, for example, how does one choose one investment adviser over another, since they are often seen to provide identical services. Charging a premium for services is usually an option only for the most established firms, who charge extra based upon brand recognition
Oberglatt is a municipality in the district of Dielsdorf in the canton of Zürich in Switzerland, and belongs to the Glatt Valley. Zürich Airport is partially in Oberglatt, Oberglatt is first mentioned around 1153-55 as Obrunglate. Oberglatt has an area of 8.2 km2, of this area,51. 5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 10. 4% is forested. Of the rest of the land,30. 7% is settled, the municipality straddles the Glatt river and includes the village of Oberglatt and the village section of Hofstetten. The eastern border of the municipality is the Zürich-Kloten airport, Oberglatt has a population of 6,789. As of 2007,32. 7% of the population was made up of foreign nationals, over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 16. 8%. Most of the population speaks German, with Italian being second most common, in the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 46. 6% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS, the FDP and the CSP, the age distribution of the population is children and teenagers make up 24% of the population, while adults make up 68. 8% and seniors make up 7. 2%.
In Oberglatt about 71. 1% of the population have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education, Oberglatt has an unemployment rate of 3. 39%. As of 2005, there were 63 people employed in the economic sector. 654 people are employed in the sector and there are 57 businesses in this sector. 544 people are employed in the sector, with 120 businesses in this sector. The historical population is given in the table, It is the home of the Swiss office of the New Life Network. Oberglatt is served by Oberglatt railway station on Zürich S-Bahn lines S9 and it is a 17 minute ride from Zürich Hauptbahnhof. The Primarschule Oberglatt system serves students at the kindergarten and primary levels, the primary school campus consists of four buildings. Three additional buildings house kindergarten students, two secondary schools serve Oberglatt students, Sekundarschule Rümlang-Oberglatt in Rümlang, and Sekundarschule Niederhasli-Niederglatt-Hofstetten in Niederhasli.
The Stiftung Tagesschule Oberglatt is in the city
Oberengstringen is a municipality in the district of Dietikon in the canton of Zürich in Switzerland, located in the Limmat Valley. Oberengstringen is first mentioned in 870 as Enstelingon, in 1306 it was mentioned as Obren Enstringen. Oberengstringen has an area of 2.1 km2, of this area,23. 5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 26. 3% is forested. Of the rest of the land,47. 4% is settled, in 1996 housing and buildings made up 39% of the total area, while transportation infrastructure made up the rest. Of the total area, water made up 2. 8% of the area. As of 2007 46% of the municipal area was undergoing some type of construction. The village is located on the bank of the Limmat on the road between Zürich through Höngg to Baden. From the 1950s to the 1970s it quickly grew into a suburb of Zürich, limmatauen Werdhölzli is a protected forest and river area, partially situated in the municipality of Oberengstringen and between the Limmat weir at the Höngg power plant. Set under protection in 1945, the 1.8 kilometres long section of the Limmat and the Werdinsel were renatured, what enhanced the biodiversity, in cooperation with the Canton of Zurich and the municipalities of Oberengstringen and Zürich, that section of the river was renewed.
The access to the Limmat and the path towards the Fahr Abbey was improved. Orientation boards inform on the flora and fauna, so the riparian zone may be crossed over a 320 metres long wooden bridge those material consists of the urban forest. After nearly a year of construction, the project was presented to the public on 20 September 2013. Oberengstringen has a population of 6,549, as of 2007,24. 8% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. As of 2008 the gender distribution of the population was 50% male, over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 5. 6%. Most of the population speaks German, with Italian being second most common, in the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 36. 9% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS, the FDP and the CVP, the age distribution of the population is children and teenagers make up 19. 6% of the population, while adults make up 63% and seniors make up 17. 4%. In Oberengstringen about 75.
2% of the population have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education, there are 2882 households in Oberengstringen. Oberengstringen has an unemployment rate of 3. 01%, as of 2005, there were 10 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 4 businesses involved in this sector
A hamlet is a small human settlement. The word and concept of a hamlet have roots in the Anglo-Norman settlement of England, in English geography, a hamlet is considered smaller than a village and distinctly without a church. The word comes from Anglo-Norman hamelete, corresponding to Old French hamelet and this, in turn, is a diminutive of Old French ham, possibly borrowed from Franconian languages. Compare with modern French Hameau, Dutch heem, German Heim, Old English hām, in Australia a hamlet is a small village. Officially, a hamlet differs from a village in having no commercial premises, in Bangladesh, Hamlet is known as Para or Paara. A village is divided by more than one Para and that is the smallest partition of a place in Bangladesh. Each para contains some families, or a group of families, in Canadas three territories, hamlets are officially designated municipalities. Canadas two largest hamlets – Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park – are located in Alberta and they each have populations, within their main urban area, in excess of 60, 000—well in excess of the 10, 000-person threshold that can choose to incorporate as a city in Alberta.
As such, these two hamlets have been designated by the Province of Alberta as urban service areas. An urban service area is recognized as equivalent to a city for the purposes of provincial and federal program delivery, during the 18th century, for rich or noble people, it was up-to-date to create their own hameau in their gardens. They were a group of houses or farms with rustic appearance. The best known in the Hameau de la Reine built by the queen Marie-Antoinette in the park of the Château de Versailles, or the Hameau de Chantilly built by Louis Joseph, Prince of Condé in Chantilly, Oise. Lieu-dit is another name for hamlet, the difference is that a hamlet is permanently inhabited, but a lieu-dit is not. In Germany hamlets are called Weiler and they are often part of bigger villages and municipalities. Most German hamlets are situated in Bavaria, Rhineland-Palatinate and Hesse, in the low Saxon dialect of northwestern Germany hamlets are called Bauerschaft. In different states of India, there are different words for hamlet, in Gujarat a hamlet is called a nesada, which are more prevalent in the Gir forest.
In Maharashtra its called a paadaa, in southern Bihar, especially in the Magadh division, a hamlet is called a bigha. All over Indonesia, hamlets are translated as small village, or kampung and they are known as dusun in Central Java and East Java, banjar in Bali, jorong or kampuang in West Sumatra
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a federal republic in Europe. It consists of 26 cantons, and the city of Bern is the seat of the federal authorities. The country is situated in western-Central Europe, and is bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Switzerland is a country geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning an area of 41,285 km2. The establishment of the Old Swiss Confederacy dates to the medieval period, resulting from a series of military successes against Austria. Swiss independence from the Holy Roman Empire was formally recognized in the Peace of Westphalia in 1648. The country has a history of armed neutrality going back to the Reformation, it has not been in a state of war internationally since 1815, nevertheless, it pursues an active foreign policy and is frequently involved in peace-building processes around the world. In addition to being the birthplace of the Red Cross, Switzerland is home to international organisations.
On the European level, it is a member of the European Free Trade Association. However, it participates in the Schengen Area and the European Single Market through bilateral treaties, spanning the intersection of Germanic and Romance Europe, Switzerland comprises four main linguistic and cultural regions, French and Romansh. Due to its diversity, Switzerland is known by a variety of native names, Suisse, Svizzera. On coins and stamps, Latin is used instead of the four living languages, Switzerland is one of the most developed countries in the world, with the highest nominal wealth per adult and the eighth-highest per capita gross domestic product according to the IMF. Zürich and Geneva have each been ranked among the top cities in the world in terms of quality of life, with the former ranked second globally, according to Mercer. The English name Switzerland is a compound containing Switzer, a term for the Swiss. The English adjective Swiss is a loan from French Suisse, in use since the 16th century.
The name Switzer is from the Alemannic Schwiizer, in origin an inhabitant of Schwyz and its associated territory, the Swiss began to adopt the name for themselves after the Swabian War of 1499, used alongside the term for Confederates, used since the 14th century. The data code for Switzerland, CH, is derived from Latin Confoederatio Helvetica. The toponym Schwyz itself was first attested in 972, as Old High German Suittes, ultimately related to swedan ‘to burn’
Bachs is a municipality in the district of Dielsdorf in the canton of Zürich in Switzerland. Bachs is first mentioned in 1100 as Fusebach and Fuisipach, in 1384 the village section of Altbachs was mentioned as Obern Fisibach. Bachs has an area of 9.1 km2, of this area, 49% is used for agricultural purposes, while 44. 1% is forested. Of the rest of the land,6. 8% is settled, the municipality is located at the mouth of the Fisibach stream. Bachs is a village with two centers which, since the fire of 1763, are known as Alt- and Neubachs, Bachs has a population of 585. As of 2007,6. 0% of the population was made up of foreign nationals, over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -4%. Most of the population speaks German, with French being second most common, in the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 55. 1% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS, the Green Party and the CSP, the age distribution of the population is children and teenagers make up 25% of the population, while adults make up 62. 4% and seniors make up 12. 7%.
About 77. 8% of the population have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education, Bachs has an unemployment rate of 0. 79%. As of 2005, there were 92 people employed in the economic sector. 36 people are employed in the sector and there are 3 businesses in this sector. 171 people are employed in the sector, with 19 businesses in this sector. The historical population is given in the table, Official website Bachs in German, French