William French Smith
William French Smith II was an American lawyer. He was the 74th United States Attorney General. Smith was born in Wilton, New Hampshire on August 26, 1917, raised in Boston, he received his B. A. degree in economics, summa cum laude, from the University of California, Los Angeles in 1939, his law degree from Harvard Law School in 1942. Smith was a direct descendant of a 17th-century Harvard College president, his father of the same name was president of Boston-based Mexican Telegraph Co.. From 1942 to 1946, Smith served in the United States Naval Reserve. In 1946 he joined the law firm of Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP in Los Angeles, one of the largest in the area, he became a senior partner and a top administrator of the firm, which at one time had 250 lawyers. He met Ronald Reagan before the 1966 campaign for governor becoming a member of the influential circle of advisers who formed the new governor's "kitchen cabinet". In 1968, Reagan appointed him to the University of California Board of Regents.
He served three terms as chairman. On December 11, 1980, Smith was nominated as the 74th Attorney General by the newly elected President Reagan, he assumed his post at the United States Department of Justice, on January 23, 1981, serving until February 25, 1985. He pursued a strong anticrime initiative, increasing the resources used to fight the distribution and sale of illegal narcotics by 100 percent. Furthermore, he lobbied for the establishment of a commission to create new federal sentencing guidelines. Major contributions were: supported Reagan's welfare reform program, recommended a comprehensive crime package, of more than 150 administrative and legislative initiatives, which included a federal death penalty, the denial of bail for certain types of crimes, the modification of the rule barring the use of illegally seized evidence in criminal trials, mandatory prison sentences for crimes involving the use of guns, the use of private Internal Revenue Service information in combating organized crime.
Notable are immigration bill and the crime bill of 1984. He was the one who got the FBI into drug enforcement; the wealthy, white-haired Smith concentrated on getting more money for his department, beefing up federal efforts against drug trafficking and pursuing a policy with the Immigration and Naturalization Service to bring the nation's borders under control. President Ronald Reagan in his remarks Announcing Federal Initiatives Against Drug Trafficking and Organized Crime, October 14, 1982, said, and I want to announce this program today. It is one that outlines a national strategy that I believe will bring us close to removing a stain from American history that has lasted nearly a hundred years." "I will ask that the Attorney General be required to submit a yearly report to the people, through the President and the Congress, on the status of the fight against organized crime and organized criminal groups dealing in drugs. This requirement, although simple and inexpensive, will establish a formal mechanism through which the Justice Department will take a yearly inventory of its efforts in this area and report to the American people on its progress."
"The American people want the mob and its associates brought to justice and their power broken—not out of a sense of vengeance, but out of a sense of justice. He served as Attorney General from 1981 to 1985 and joined the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board. In the conservative tide that swept over Washington in the early days of Mr. Reagan's term, the Justice Department reversed its position on major civil rights questions, re-interpreted antitrust law, called on the Supreme Court to reassess landmark rulings on abortion and sought to enforce a system of secrecy oaths and censorship for Government officials with access to intelligence data. Mr. Smith was credited with playing a major role in Mr. Reagan's nomination of Sandra Day O'Connor, to be the first woman on the United States Supreme Court. Prior to O'Connor's appointment to the Court, she was an elected official and judge in Arizona serving as the first female majority leader in the United States as the Republican leader in the Arizona Senate.
President Ronald Reagan formally nominated O'Connor on August 19, 1981. On September 21, 1981, O'Connor was confirmed by the U. S. Senate with a decision of 99–0. Judicial analyst Steven Brill gave Smith credit for gaining control of the Justice Department mega-bureaucracy and for cleaning up the corruption-plagued Drug Enforcement Administration. Smith established a judicial-selection system that appears to have produced conservative but qualified federal judges, he served as the member of the U. S. Advisory Commission on International and Cultural Affairs in Washington, D. C. from 1971 to 1978.
Richard C. Blum
Richard Charles Blum is an American investment banker and husband of United States Senator Dianne Feinstein. He is the chairman and president of Blum Capital, an equity investment management firm that acts as general partner for various investment partnerships and provides investment advisory services. Blum serves in various boards of directors of several companies, including CB Richard Ellis, where until May 2009 he served as the chairman of that board, he has been a regent of the University of California since 2002. Blum was born in San Francisco, California, to a Jewish family and attended San Francisco public schools, he received his B. S. in business administration in 1958 and an M. B. A. in 1959 from the Haas School of Business of the University of California, Berkeley. In the 1970s, Blum supported Mayor of San Francisco George Moscone. After Moscone's assassination, Blum supported the new mayor Dianne Feinstein. Blum founded Blum Capital in 1975 and pioneered the firm’s hybrid Strategic Block/Private Equity investment strategy.
Mr. Blum served as Chairman of the board of directors of CB Richard Ellis, as well as serving as director on the boards of directors of three other portfolio companies: Fairmont Raffles Holdings International Ltd. Current Media, L. L. C. and Myer Pty Ltd. in Australia. Mr. Blum co-founded Newbridge Capital in the early 1990s and is Co-Chairman of TPG Asia V, L. P.. Mr. Blum has served on the boards of many prominent companies, including Northwest Airlines Corporation, Glenborough Realty Trust, Inc. Korea First Bank, URS Corporation and National Education Corporation. In addition, Mr. Blum is active in numerous non-profit organizations, he is the founder and Chairman of the American Himalayan Foundation and is Honorary Consul to Mongolia and Nepal. Mr. Blum serves as a member of the Advisory Board of the Haas School of Business at the University of California at Berkeley. Blum joined investment brokerage Sutro & Co. at the age of 23, becoming a partner before age 30. At Sutro, Blum led a partnership that acquired Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus for $8m, selling it to Mattel four years for $40m.
On the back of this deal Blum started in business for himself in 1975, founding what is now Blum Capital Partners. On April 25, 2009, Blum was honored with the Berkeley Medal by UC Berkeley Chancellor Robert Birgenau in front of the 14th Dalai Lama; the talk was sponsored by his American Himalayan Foundation and the Blum Center for Developing Economies at UC Berkeley. On March 12, 2002, Blum was appointed by California Governor Gray Davis to a 12-year term as one of the Regents of the University of California, he was nominated for re-appointment to another 12-year term in 2014. Blum serves on the boards of the following companies: CB Richard Ellis Newbridge Capital Current TV Blum CapitalBlum is the primary owner of Career Education Corporation. Blum has a strong interest in Tibetan Buddhism. In 1981 he attempted to climb Mount Everest from the Tibetan side with Sir Edmund Hillary, he is the chairman and founder of the apolitical American Himalayan Foundation, or AHF, which has given millions of dollars to build hospitals and schools in Tibet and Nepal but has refrained from political involvement with the Chinese control of Tibet.
In addition to the AHF, Blum’s not-for-profit endeavors include service as Trustee of The Carter Center. The Center is focused on finding solutions to address the crisis of extreme poverty and disease in the developing world. Blum's wife, Senator Dianne Feinstein, has received scrutiny due to her husband's government contracts and extensive business dealings with China and her past votes on trade issues with the country. Blum has denied any wrongdoing. Critics have argued that business contracts with the US government awarded to a company controlled by Blum may raise a potential conflict-of-interest issue with the voting and policy activities of his wife. URS Corp, which Blum had a substantial stake in, bought EG&G, a leading provider of technical services and management to the U. S. military, from The Carlyle Group in 2002. In 2009, Feinstein introduced legislation to provide $25 billion in taxpayer money to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp, a government agency that had awarded her husband's real estate firm, CB Richard Ellis, what the Washington Times called "a lucrative contract to sell foreclosed properties at compensation rates higher than the industry norms."The United States Postal Service has entered into an exclusive contract with CB Richard Ellis to sell buildings that house post offices.
Blum Capital Partners, L. P. Blum's Plums: Conflicts of interest benefitted Blum's firms during his term as a UC Regent Peter Byrne, North Bay Bohemian, February 21, 2007
San Francisco Chronicle
The San Francisco Chronicle is a newspaper serving the San Francisco Bay Area of the U. S. state of California. It was founded in 1865 as The Daily Dramatic Chronicle by teenage brothers Charles de Young and Michael H. de Young. The paper is owned by the Hearst Corporation, which bought it from the de Young family in 2000, it is the only major daily paper covering the county of San Francisco. The paper benefited from the growth of San Francisco and was the largest circulation newspaper on the West Coast of the United States by 1880. Like many other newspapers, it has experienced a rapid fall in circulation in the early 21st century, was ranked 24th by circulation nationally for the six months to March 2010; the newspaper publishes two web sites: and sfchronicle.com, which reflects the articles that appear in the print paper, SFGate, which has a mixture of online news and web features. The Chronicle was founded by brothers Charles and M. H. de Young in 1865 as The Daily Dramatic Chronicle, inside of 10 years, it had the largest circulation of any newspaper west of the Mississippi River.
The paper's first office was in a building at the corner of Kearney Streets. The brothers commissioned a building from Burnham and Root at 690 Market Street at the corner of Third and Kearney Streets to be their new headquarters, in what became known as Newspaper Row; the new building, San Francisco's first skyscraper, was completed in 1889. It was damaged in the 1906 earthquake, but it was rebuilt under the direction of William Polk, Burnham's associate in San Francisco; that building, known as the "Old Chronicle Building" or the "DeYoung Building", still stands and was restored in 2007. It is the location of the Ritz-Carlton Club and Residences. In 1924, the Chronicle commissioned a new headquarters at 901 Mission Street on the corner of 5th Street in what is now the South of Market neighborhood of San Francisco, it was designed by Charles Peter Weeks and William Peyton Day in the Gothic Revival architecture style, but most of the Gothic Revival detailing was removed in 1968 when the building was re-clad with stucco.
This building remains the Chronicle's headquarters in 2017, although other concerns are located there as well. Between World War II and 1971, new editor Scott Newhall took a bold and somewhat provocative approach to news presentation. Newhall's Chronicle included investigative reporting by such journalists as Pierre Salinger, who played a prominent role in national politics, Paul Avery, the staffer who pursued the trail of the self-named "Zodiac Killer", who sent a cryptogram in three sections in letters to the Chronicle and two other papers during his murder spree in the late 1960s, it featured such colorful columnists as Pauline Phillips, who wrote under the name "Dear Abby," "Count Marco", Stanton Delaplane, Terence O'Flaherty, Lucius Beebe, Art Hoppe, Charles McCabe, Herb Caen. The newspaper grew in circulation to become the city's largest, overtaking the rival San Francisco Examiner; the demise of other San Francisco dailies through the late 1950s and early 1960s left the Examiner and the Chronicle to battle for circulation and readership superiority.
The competition between the Chronicle and Examiner took a financial toll on both papers until the summer of 1965, when a merger of sorts created a Joint Operating Agreement under which the Chronicle became the city's sole morning daily while the Examiner changed to afternoon publication. The newspapers were owned by the San Francisco Newspaper Agency, which managed sales and distribution for both newspapers and was charged with ensuring that one newspaper's circulation did not grow at the expense of the other. Revenue was split which led to a situation understood to benefit the Examiner, since the Chronicle, which had a circulation four times larger than its rival, subsidized the afternoon newspaper; the two newspapers produced a joint Sunday edition, with the Examiner publishing the news sections and the Sunday magazine and the Chronicle responsible for the tabloid entertainment section and the book review. From 1965 on the two papers shared a single classified-advertising operation; this arrangement stayed in place until the Hearst Corporation took full control of the Chronicle in 2000.
Beginning in the early 1990s, the Chronicle started to face competition beyond the borders of San Francisco. The newspaper had long enjoyed a wide reach as the de facto "newspaper of record" in Northern California, with distribution along the Central Coast, the Inland Empire and as far as Honolulu, Hawaii. There was little competition in the Bay Area suburbs and other areas that the newspaper served, but as Knight Ridder consolidated the San Jose Mercury News in 1975; the Chronicle launched five zoned sections to appear in the Friday edition of the paper. The sections covered San Francisco, four different suburban areas, they each featured enterprise pieces and local news specific to the community. The newspaper added 40 full-time staff positions to work in the suburban bureaus. Despite the push to focus on suburban coverage, the Chronicle was hamstrung by the Sunday edition, being produced by the San Francisco-centric "un-Chronicle" Examiner, had none of the focus on the suburban communities that the Chronicle was striving to cultivate.
The de Young family controlled the paper, via the Chronicle Publishing Company, until July 27, 2000, when it was sold to Hearst Communications, Inc. which owned the Examiner. Following the sale, the
Ellen O'Kane Tauscher is an American politician and member of the Democratic Party, the U. S. Representative for California's 10th congressional district from 1997 until her resignation in 2009 upon joining the State Department, where she served as the Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs until February 2012, she served as Special Envoy for Strategic Stability and Missile Defense at the State Department until August 31, 2012. She serves on the University of California Board of Regents and, in February 2018, became chairman of the Board of Governors for Los Alamos National Security, LLC and Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC, a consortium led by the UC Regents, she serves as Vice Chair of the Student and Academic Affairs Committee of the Board of Regents. While in Congress, Tauscher was a leading centrist Democrat, the chairman of the New Democrat Coalition, a caucus of 65 moderate Democrats in the House of Representatives, she served as vice-chairwoman of the Democratic Leadership Council from 2001 to 2005.
Since leaving the State Department, Tauscher has assumed a number of publicly held corporate and non-profit board positions, including serving on the boards of Edison International/Southern California Edison in Rosemead, eHealth in Mountain View, California. She serves on the Board of Advisors of SpaceX, the Board of Directors of BAE Systems, INC. NTI, the Executive Committee of the Atlantic Council, she serves as vice chair of the Atlantic Council's Brent Scowcroft Center on International Security and is a member of the Board of Regents of the University of California system. Ellen Tauscher was born in New Jersey, her mother was a secretary, her father was a shop steward for the United Food and Commercial Workers Union. She graduated in 1974 from Seton Hall University, where she obtained a Bachelor of Science degree in early childhood education, she worked as an investment banker with Bache & Co. and, at age 25, was the youngest and one of the first women to become a member of the New York Stock Exchange.
She served as an officer of the American Stock Exchange from 1979 to 1983, after which she worked for Bear Stearns and a subsidiary of Drexel Burnham Lambert. In 1989, Tauscher moved to California and founded the ChildCare Registry, the first national research service to help parents verify the background of childcare workers, she published The ChildCare Sourcebook and headed the Tauscher Foundation, which provided funds for elementary schools to buy computers and Internet access. Before running for the United States House of Representatives, Tauscher was active in Democratic circles as a fundraiser and chaired Dianne Feinstein's successful 1992 and 1994 Senate campaigns. In 1996, Tauscher was recruited to run against two-term Republican incumbent Bill Baker in California's 10th congressional district, which included several wealthy suburbs in the East Bay. During the campaign, Tauscher emphasized balancing the federal budget, her support for business, the environment, the military, she charged that Baker was too conservative for the district given his opposition to abortion and gun control.
She narrowly defeated Baker. The race was ranked as the fourth most expensive of that year's 435 House races. Tauscher was re-elected in 2000 against vigorous Republican opposition. While the 10th district was once considered "solid Republican territory," most Bay Area Republicans tend to be more moderate than their counterparts in the rest of California and since the 1990s have been willing to support Democrats at the national level. In 2000, during the statewide redistricting process, some of the more Republican-leaning parts of Tauscher's district were removed and replaced with more Democratic territory near Berkeley and in Solano County, she was subsequently re-elected to four more terms, facing no substantive opposition and receiving more than 65 percent of the vote after 2002. In the House of Representatives, Tauscher served on the Armed Services Committee and the Transportation and InfrastructureCommittee, she chaired the Strategic Forces subcommittee of the Armed Services Committee, which oversees the country's nuclear weapons stockpile, missile defense program, the national labs.
Tauscher was the only member of Congress who had two national labs in her district, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the California campus of Sandia National Laboratories. At the time she left Congress, Tauscher was the senior member from California serving on the Highways and Transit subcommittee and the Aviation subcommittee of the Transportation and Infrastructure committee. From her position on the Transportation Committee, Tauscher brought $33 million to her district for transportation and infrastructure projects. On March 18, 2009, President Obama nominated Tauscher to the position of Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security, she was confirmed by the United States Senate on June 2009, by unanimous consent. Notwithstanding her appointment and acceptance, she served as Speaker Pro Tempore on June 26, 2009, when the House narrowly passed a cap-and-trade global warming bill. Tauscher resigned her seat on June 26, 2009, after voting was finished on the American Clean Energy & Security Act.
Her resignation necessitated a special election. Tauscher served as Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security until her appointment on February 6, 2012, as Special Envoy for Strategic Stability and Missile Defense. Tauscher retired from the State Department on August 31, 2012; as Under Secretary of State, Tauscher negotiated the Ne
Eleni Tsakopoulos Kounalakis is an American diplomat and businesswoman serving as the 50th and current Lieutenant Governor of California since 2019. A member of the Democratic Party, she is the first woman elected to the office. Kounalakis served as the United States Ambassador to Hungary from 2010 to 2013, she was sworn into office on January 7, 2010, presented her credentials to President László Sólyom on January 11, 2010. On April 24, 2017, Kounalakis announced her bid for the office of Lieutenant Governor of California in the 2018 election, she came in first place in the June 2018 primary election. Before accepting President Barack Obama's nomination to an ambassadorship, Kounalakis was President of AKT Development Corporation, one of California’s largest housing development firms, founded by her father. Kounalakis earned her undergraduate degree from Dartmouth College and an Master of Business Administration from the University of California, Berkeley's Haas School of Business. In 2011, she received an Honorary Doctor of Law from the American College of Greece.
Kounalakis and her husband and broadcast journalist Markos Kounalakis, founded two university chairs in Hellenic studies, the Markos and Eleni Tsakopoulos Kounalakis chair at Georgetown University, held by the scholar of late Classical and early Hellenistic Greek literature, Dr. Alexander Sens, the Tsakopoulos Kounalakis chair in honor of Constantine Mitsotakis at Stanford University, held by Josiah Ober. Both chairs focus on the understanding of the origins of Athenian democracy, they established the Tsakopoulos Kounalakis lecture series at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars to focus on democracy and international relations. Kounalakis served for nearly ten years as a Trustee of the World Council of Religions for Peace. In recognition for her work with the WCRP, she was awarded the medal of St. Paul, the Greek Orthodox Church of America’s highest honor. San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom appointed her to serve as a Trustee of the War Memorial and Performing Arts Center. San Francisco Mayor Ed Lee appointed her to serve on the Port Commission Board.
She served four times as a delegate to the Democratic National Convention and as an at-large member of the California State Democratic Central Committee. She served as a member of the First 5 California Commission, the California Blue Ribbon Commission on Autism, she served as a Trustee of Robert Redford’s Sundance Preserve and on the Conservation Fund’s National Forum on Children and Nature. She is a Senior Advisor at Albright Stonebridge Group. On April 24, 2017, Kounalakis announced her bid for the office of Lieutenant Governor of California in the 2018 election, she came in first place on June 2018 in the top-two statewide primary. On November 6, Kounalakis was elected by a 56.6% to 43.3% margin against her opponent. Kounalakis, along with Governor-elect Gavin Newsom, took office on January 7, 2019. After Kounalakis announced her candidacy in 2018 for the lieutenant governorship, she visited all 58 counties in California during her campaign, her grassroots campaign earned the recognition of Time magazine for engaging hundreds of volunteers to text over 1 million voters before Election Day.
On November 6, 2018, Kounalakis became the first female elected Lieutenant Governor of California in history. Kounalakis is of Greek descent, she and her husband, have two teenage sons and Eon. She is the daughter of a Sacramento developer. Campaign Website Twitter Facebook