Cheryl Marjorie Blossom is a fictional character of the Archie Comics universe. She is the privileged daughter of a businessman; the live action version of Cheryl is portrayed by Madelaine Petsch in Riverdale. Cheryl Blossom was introduced in 1982 in Betty and Veronica #320 as a third love interest for Archie Andrews, but she and her twin brother Jason disappeared two years later. In the 1980s, when a number of alternate universe series were published, Cheryl was a minor recurring character in the short-lived title Archie's Explorers of the Unknown, she would brief the Explorers on their missions. The character was reintroduced in the main continuity and back into Archie Andrews' life during the "Love Showdown" four-part series in 1994. During the series, Archie receives a letter from Cheryl which states she will be returning to Riverdale. Archie, infatuated with girls as always, decides to keep Cheryl's return a secret from Betty Cooper and Veronica Lodge, he acts in a typical Archie girl crush maneuver.
Unknown to Archie is that Betty and Veronica both think the other person did this to Archie, they declare war on each other to win back Archie once and for all. Super Soakers, dirty dancing, fraud are just some of the tactics that the girls use on each other. Cheryl returns to Riverdale. Cheryl has appeared in several comic book stories including her own series. In one story, it was revealed that an ancestor of Archie once fell in love with an ancestor of Cheryl's back in Scotland. In another story, she decides to join a band titled "The Sugar Girls", because Ginger Sugar had quit the group. In most stories, Cheryl behaves in a way that reflects her upbringing, she is proud of her wealth and squabbles with Veronica over who leads the more extravagant lifestyle. She can be manipulative, sometimes plotting to lure Archie away from Betty and Veronica. There are stories where Cheryl is rude and condescending to the Riverdale "townies," and sometimes only appearing as an antagonist to Betty and Veronica.
Other times in the stories in her eponymous series, Cheryl can be kind and caring. She cares for her dog, a Pomeranian named Sugar, rescues animals in need. In stories featuring Betty and Cheryl, Cheryl is the most adventurous. Cheryl is popular within her Pembrooke crowd and popular with the boys in Riverdale, but loathed by the girls for her flirtatious nature, her manipulations and her attractiveness. In Archie & Friends #145, Cheryl is 18 years old, but in riverdale Cheryl is a 16 year old. Cheryl Blossom was ranked 92nd in Comics Buyer's Guide's "100 Sexiest Women in Comics" list. Cheryl has Jason, an arrogant rival of Archie. Jason is smitten despite claiming that he only dates rich girls. Cheryl has never complained about his choice of girls, she shows full support towards her brother, although sometimes, she warns Polly about Jason's womanizing behavior. At one point, in the story "Undercover Blossom", Cheryl decided that she would try to get into Riverdale High under false pretenses, she chose the moniker, "Shirley Merriwether" and at first, nobody thought anything amiss, until she decides to cause trouble, she'd frame Archie for it turning his friends against him.
She had succeeded in destroying their friendship forever, but was thwarted when Mr. Weatherbee discovered her fraudulent enrollment papers. At a dance, the following evening, Cheryl's parents, informed of her deceit by Mr. Weatherbee, exposed the entire scam to Cheryl's embarrassment, her punishment was. Her parents thought that since she got in by less than honest means, she would stay there and finish out her school year there. Betty loved her dearly. “Friendly Fire" in an issue of Cheryl's title series after Veronica humiliated Cheryl on Betty and Veronica's local public-access television cable TV show, which alienated Betty from Veronica. Veronica, for no other reason than missing Betty's friendship very publicly apologized to Cheryl, winning back Betty's friendship in the process. Cheryl was shown to still be friends with Betty in a issue, inviting Betty over to her house, it is unclear how much Archie writers other than Holly Golightly portrayed Betty and Cheryl as friends, but a story in Archie & Friends in early 2006 involves Betty suggesting that she and Cheryl go to Pop Tate's Chock'lit Shoppe and hang out.
Veronica and Cheryl accept and walk off with Betty, indicating that Betty and Cheryl are still friends. In the late 1990s, Cheryl began dating Dilton Doiley, they were paired together online, without knowing each other's true identity, fell in love, met in real life, decided to continue their romantic relationship, though this was ignored in stories. At one point and Cheryl started dating because they both had devilish minds and were alike, their relationship was unsuccessful, so Cheryl appeared on a dating show. In a reader-poll event, Archie Comics gave Cheryl a new boyfriend, with readers voting on the potential boyfriends featured on the show: blond-haired fitness-guru Austin, dark-complected computer genius Brandon, shaved-headed gourmet chef George; the winner of the'contest' was George. Raj Patel's younger sister Tina Patel, introduced to Archie Comics in 2007, has been written into the CW television series Riverdale, described as a s
Archie: To Riverdale and Back Again
Archie: To Riverdale and Back Again is a 1990 American live-action made-for-television comedy film based on comic book characters published by Archie Comics. It was produced by DiC Entertainment and premiered on NBC Sunday Night at the Movies on May 6, 1990, it was shown in Britain as Weekend Reunion. Archie Andrews, fifteen years after graduating from Riverdale High, has become a successful lawyer and is preparing to marry his fiancée, move to "the big city." Before doing that, however, he returns home to Riverdale for his high school reunion and save his friend Pop Tate's diner. Archie and company are all now in their early thirties, with the trials and tribulations one might expect to have happened to such a group over the years: Betty, a grade school teacher, has had problems finding permanent employment, is bossed around by a crummy boyfriend named Robert. Veronica, having lived in France since graduation, has been married four times. Jughead, now a psychiatrist, is divorced, now has sole custody of a son named Jordan.
Due to the divorce and other failed relationships, Jughead carries emotional baggage that manifests itself in a terrible fear of women. This is played for laughs at the end when at the reunion it turns out that Big Ethel is no longer the gangly, awkward teenager she once was but is now a striking beauty. Moose and Midge have become chiropractors, they have a son, who hits it off with Jordan. Reggie is a gym owner; when Archie sees Betty and Veronica for the first time in fifteen years, all his old feelings for them come flooding back, threatening his engagement—and it doesn't help that the girls renew their pursuit of Archie, heedless of the fact that he has a fiancée. Meanwhile, Archie tries to keep Reggie, helped along by an uncharacteristically menacing Mr. Lodge, from evicting Pop Tate from his soda shop, under the pretext of expanding his gym. Archie saves the Chock'lit Shoppe, though he loses Pam in the bargain, decides to stay in Riverdale. All of the characters in the movie are regular or recurring characters in the originating comics: Additional characters were created for the movie to indicate the passage of time, such as the regulars' children or new romantic partners: The NBC movie, broadcast during the May sweeps period, was seen as a pilot for a possible series.
Despite being well received by critics, who praised the casting and performances from the actors, the movie finished a disappointing 51st in the Nielsen ratings. Archie Comics published a one-shot comic book adaptation of the TV movie which coincided with its premiere. Stan Goldberg and Mike Esposito drew the sections of the book featuring the characters in flashback as teens, while Gene Colan drew the characters as adults, in a realistic style and more "serious" look akin to Rex Morgan, M. D. and John Byrne drew the cover. The comic shows a flashback to the incident where Archie and Betty were alone in a motel room together. Back Issue! Described the one-shot as "an offbeat, impressive package"; the film was released on VHS in 1997 from New Horizons Home Video, with the movie re-titled as Archie: Return to Riverdale. In Australia, it was released on VHS as Archie's Weekend Reunion. Archie: To Riverdale and Back Again on IMDb Archie: To Riverdale and Back Again at AllMovie
Robert William "Bob" Montana was an American comic strip artist who created the original likenesses for characters published by Archie Comics and in the newspaper strip Archie. While freelancing at True and Fox Comics, Montana created an adventure strip about four teenage boys and tried to sell it without success, he started working for MLJ Comics where he was asked to work up a high school style comic strip story, featuring Archie Andrews. According to Jane Murphy, a high school classmate of Montana's, Archie and his friends were based on people from their hometown of Haverhill and Haverhill High School, she said Archie Andrews was based on Richard Heffernan. The success of the Archie and friends story in MLJ's Pep Comics led MLJ to assign Montana to draw the first issue of Archie. Montana was soon drawing the Archie comic strip, doing both the daily and Sunday strip, which over the next 35 years ran in over 750 newspapers. Montana died of an apparent heart attack while cross-country skiing near his New Hampshire home at the age of 54.
"Archie". Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Mark C. N. Sullivan. NOW 60 YEARS OLD, ARCHIE HAS ROOTS REACHING TO HAVERHILL CARTOONIST USED HIGH SCHOOL FRIENDS FOR HIS INSPIRATION The Boston Globe December 30, 2001 Bob Montana Papers - Syracuse University Jim Windolf. American Idol Vanity Fair, December 2006. "Who's Who in Riverdale?". Archiecomics.com. Archived from the original on 2008-12-04. 1954 Mad Magazine. "Starchie and Goodman Beaver". Archived from the original on 2009-10-22
The term groupie is a slang word in reference to a fan of a particular musician, celebrity, or musical group who follows this person or band around while they are on tour or who attends as many of their public appearances as possible in hopes of getting to know them more. The term is universally used to describe young women who follow these individuals in hopes of establishing a sexual relationship with them or offering themselves for sex; the word groupie originated around 1965 to describe teen-aged girls or young women who sought brief liaisons with musicians. The phenomenon was much older; some sources have attributed the coining of the word to the Rolling Stones bassist Bill Wyman during the group's 1965 Australian tour. A prominent explanation of the groupie concept came from Rolling Stone magazine, which published an issue devoted to the topic, Groupies: The Girls of Rock, which emphasized the sexual behavior of rock musicians and groupies. TIME magazine published an article, "Manners And Morals: The Groupies" that month.
That year, British journalist Jenny Fabian and Johnny Byrne released a autobiographical book called Groupie. The following year, a documentary film titled. Female groupies in particular have a long-standing reputation of being available to celebrities, pop stars, rock stars and other public figures. Led Zeppelin singer Robert Plant is quoted as distinguishing between fans who wanted brief sexual encounters, "groupies" who traveled with musicians for extended periods of time, acting as a surrogate girlfriend, taking care of the musician's wardrobe and social life. Women who adopt this role are sometimes referred to as "road wives". Cynthia Plaster Caster, Cleo Odzer, Barbara Cope and The GTOs, with Pamela Des Barres, in particular, as de facto spokeswoman, are the best known groupies of this type. Musician Frank Zappa organized "The GTOs" in the late 1960s; the band comprised seven young women — Miss Pamela, Miss Sparky, Miss Lucy, Miss Christine, Miss Sandra, Miss Mercy, Miss Cynderella. A characteristic that may classify one as a groupie is a reputation for promiscuity.
Connie Hamzy known as "Sweet Connie", a prominent groupie in the 1960s, argues in favor of the groupie movement and defends her chosen lifestyle by saying, "Look we're not hookers, we loved the glamour". However, her openness regarding her sexual endeavors with various rock stars is what has enhanced the negative connotations surrounding her type. For example, she stated in the Los Angeles Times article "Pop & Hiss": "Hamzy, unlike the other groupies, was never looking to build relationships, she was after sex, she unabashedly shared intimate moments with every rock star — their roadies — who came through Arkansas."Des Barres, who wrote two books detailing her experiences as a groupie – I'm With The Band and Take Another Little Piece of My Heart: A Groupie Grows Up – as well as another non-fiction book, Rock Bottom: Dark Moments in Music Babylon, asserts that a groupie is to a rock band as Mary Magdalene was to Jesus. Her most recent book, Let's Spend the Night Together, is a collection of wildly varied interviews with classic "old school" groupies including Catherine James, Connie Hamzy, Cherry Vanilla, DeeDee Keel, Margaret Moser, as well as 80s and 90s groupies including Pleasant Gehman, Patti Johnsen.
Des Barres described Keel as: "One of the most intimidating dolls... a slim strawberry blonde who won the prized job of Whisky office manager after her predecessor Gail Sloatman met Frank Zappa and became what we all wanted to be." Keel was one of the few who stayed connected with bands for nearly three decades. Des Barres, who married rock singer/actor Michael Des Barres persuaded cult actress Tura Satana and model Bebe Buell, actress Patti D'Arbanville, Cassandra Peterson, better known as "Elvira, Mistress of the Dark" to talk about their relationships with musicians. According to Des Barres' book, there is at least one male groupie, who followed female celebrities such as Courtney Love and members of the 1980s pop group the Bangles. During the Mercury and Apollo space programs, women would hang around the hotels of Clear Lake and Cocoa Beach "collecting" astronauts. Joan Roosa, wife of Apollo 14 Lunar Module Pilot Stu Roosa, recalled, "I was at a party one night in Houston. A woman standing behind me, who had no idea who I was, said'I've slept with every astronaut, to the Moon.'...
I said'Pardon me, but I don't think so.'" Groupies play a role in sports. For example, "buckle bunnies" are a well-known part of the world of rodeo; the term comes from a slang term for women, from the prize belt buckles awarded to the winners in rodeo, which are sought by the bunnies. According to one report, bunnies "usually do not expect anything more than sex from the rodeo participants and vice versa". In a 1994 Spin magazine feature, Elizabeth Gilbert characterized buckle bunnies as an essential element of the rodeo scene, described a dedicated group of bunnies who are known on the rodeo circuit for their supportive attitude and generosity, going beyond sex, to "some fascination with providing the most macho group of guys on Earth with the only brand of nurturing they will accept". In Irish sport in GAA sports the term "Jersey Puller" or "Jersey
The Archies is an American fictional garage band founded by Archie Andrews, Reggie Mantle, Jughead Jones, Veronica Lodge, Betty Cooper, a group of adolescent characters of the Archie universe, in the context of the animated TV series, The Archie Show. The group is known for their real world success, through a virtual band; the fictional band's music was recorded by session musicians, featuring Ron Dante on lead vocals and Toni Wine on duet and backing vocals, released as a series of singles and albums. Their most successful song, "Sugar, Sugar", became one of the biggest hits of the bubblegum pop genre that flourished from 1968 to 1973; the Archies play a variety of contemporary popular music, consistent with the era in which the comic is drawn. Every member sings vocals, with Jughead handling the bass voice on a few tracks. Though their singing voices were soft and appropriate for pop vocals, their speaking voices are much different; the roles the teens played in the fictional band were: Archie Andrews – lead vocals, rhythm guitar Reggie Mantle – bass, backing vocals Jughead Jones – drums, percussion Jughead's dog, Hot Dog – conductor Betty Cooper – lead guitar, backing vocals Veronica Lodge – keyboards, backing vocalsOne distribution mode for the Archies' music was embossing cardboard records directly onto the back of cereal boxes, which were cut out and played on a turntable.
Though the group no longer appears in animation, they are still used in stories published by Archie Comics. A set of studio musicians was assembled by Don Kirshner in 1968 to perform various songs; the most famous is "Sugar, Sugar", written by Jeff Barry and Andy Kim, which went to number one on the pop chart in 1969, sold over six million copies, was awarded a gold disc. In the Billboard Hot 100, it was ranked as the No. 1 song of that year, the only time a fictional band has claimed Billboard's annual Hot 100 top spot. Other Top 40 songs recorded by the Archies include "Who's Your Baby?", "Bang-Shang-A-Lang", "Jingle Jangle". "Jingle Jangle" sold over one million copies, garnering a second gold disc award. Male vocals for the fictional Archies group were provided by The Cuff Links' lead singer Ron Dante and female duet vocals were provided by Toni Wine. Wine, only paid for the recording session and quit the group when the song became a huge hit, was succeeded in 1970 by Donna Marie, who in turn was replaced on the final recordings by Merle Miller.
The only Archies song not to feature Ron Dante on lead was 1971's "Love Is Living In You", sung by Bob Levine and produced by Ritchie Adams. The last single, released 1972, was "Strangers in the Morning". Jeff Barry, Andy Kim, Ellie Greenwich, Susan Morse, Ritchie Adams, Maeretha Stewart, Bobby Bloom and Lesley Miller, contributed background vocals at various times, with Barry contributing his trademark bass voice on cuts such as "Jingle Jangle", "Rock'n' Roll Music", "A Summer Prayer For Peace", "You Little Angel, You". Musicians on Archies records included guitarists Hugh McCracken and Dave Appell, bassists Chuck Rainey and Joey Macho, keyboard player Ron Frangipane, drummers Buddy Saltzman and Gary Chester; the Archies' records were released on the Calendar Records label, but the name was shortly thereafter changed to Kirshner Records. The sound engineer was Fred Weinberg, Jeff Barry's and Andy Kim's favorite, who recorded Barry's other hits "Be My Baby", "Baby, I Love You", Kim's "Rock Me Gently".
Fred Weinberg is an award-winning producer in his own right. However, the music for The U. S. of Archie TV show which aired in 1974, was produced by Jackie Mills, a Hollywood producer, who produced Bobby Sherman and the Brady Kids. The vocalist for these shows was Tom McKenzie, who sang on some Groovie Goolies segments, was a regular member of the popular singing group, the Doodletown Pipers. Although the verses of "Jingle Jangle" seem to be sung by either Betty or Veronica, the song was sung by Dante, using a falsetto voice; the Archies Ron Dante Online
Chinese martial arts
Chinese martial arts named under the umbrella terms kung fu and wushu, are the several hundred fighting styles that have developed over the centuries in China. These fighting styles are classified according to common traits, identified as "families", "sects" or "schools" of martial arts. Examples of such traits include Shaolinquan physical exercises involving Five Animals mimicry, or training methods inspired by Old Chinese philosophies and legends. Styles that focus on qi manipulation are called internal, while others that concentrate on improving muscle and cardiovascular fitness are called "external". Geographical association, as in northern and "southern", is another popular classification method. Kung fu and wushu are loanwords from Cantonese and Mandarin that, in English, are used to refer to Chinese martial arts. However, the Chinese terms kung fu and wushu have distinct meanings; the Chinese equivalent of the term "Chinese martial arts" would be Zhongguo wushu. In Chinese, the term kung fu refers to any skill, acquired through learning or practice.
It is a compound word composed of the words 功 meaning "work", "achievement", or "merit", 夫, a particle or nominal suffix with diverse meanings. Wǔshù means "martial art", it is formed from the two words 武術: 武, meaning "martial" or "military" and 術 or 术, which translates into "art", "discipline", "skill" or "method". The term wushu has become the name for the modern sport of wushu, an exhibition and full-contact sport of bare-handed and weapons forms and judged to a set of aesthetic criteria for points developed since 1949 in the People's Republic of China. Quanfa is another Chinese term for Chinese martial arts, it means "fist method" or "the law of the fist", although as a compound term it translates as "boxing" or "fighting technique." The name of the Japanese martial art kempō is represented by the same hanzi characters. The genesis of Chinese martial arts has been attributed to the need for self-defense, hunting techniques and military training in ancient China. Hand-to-hand combat and weapons practice were important in training ancient Chinese soldiers.
Detailed knowledge about the state and development of Chinese martial arts became available from the Nanjing decade, as the Central Guoshu Institute established by the Kuomintang regime made an effort to compile an encyclopedic survey of martial arts schools. Since the 1950s, the People's Republic of China has organized Chinese martial arts as an exhibition and full-contact sport under the heading of “wushu”. According to legend, Chinese martial arts originated during the semi-mythical Xia Dynasty more than 4,000 years ago, it is said. The Yellow Emperor is described as a famous general who, before becoming China’s leader, wrote lengthy treatises on medicine and the martial arts. One of his main opponents was Chi You, credited as the creator of jiao di, a forerunner to the modern art of Chinese wrestling; the earliest references to Chinese martial arts are found in the Spring and Autumn Annals, where a hand-to-hand combat theory, one that integrates notions of "hard" and "soft" techniques, is mentioned.
A combat wrestling system called jiǎolì is mentioned in the Classic of Rites. This combat system included techniques such as strikes, joint manipulation, pressure point attacks. Jiao Di became a sport during the Qin Dynasty; the Han History Bibliographies record that, by the Former Han, there was a distinction between no-holds-barred weaponless fighting, which it calls shǒubó, for which training manuals had been written, sportive wrestling known as juélì. Wrestling is documented in the Shǐ Jì, Records of the Grand Historian, written by Sima Qian. In the Tang Dynasty, descriptions of sword dances were immortalized in poems by Li Bai. In the Song and Yuan dynasties, xiangpu contests were sponsored by the imperial courts; the modern concepts of wushu were developed by the Ming and Qing dynasties. The ideas associated with Chinese martial arts changed with the evolution of Chinese society and over time acquired some philosophical bases: Passages in the Zhuangzi, a Daoist text, pertain to the psychology and practice of martial arts.
Zhuangzi, its eponymous author, is believed to have lived in the 4th century BCE. The Dao De Jing credited to Lao Zi, is another Taoist text that contains principles applicable to martial arts. According to one of the classic texts of Confucianism, Zhou Li, Archery and charioteering were part of the "six arts" of the Zhou Dynasty; the Art of War, written during the 6th century BCE by Sun Tzu, deals directly with military warfare but contains ideas that are used in the Chinese martial arts. Daoist practitioners have been practicing Tao Yin from as early as 500 BCE. In 39–92 CE, "Six Chapters of Hand Fighting", were included in the Han Shu written by Pan Ku; the noted physician, Hua Tuo, composed the "Five Animals Pl
"Frenemy" is an oxymoron and a portmanteau of "friend" and "enemy" that refers to "a person with whom one is friendly, despite a fundamental dislike or rivalry" or "a person who combines the characteristics of a friend and an enemy". The term is used to describe personal and commercial relationships both among individuals and groups or institutions; this term describes a competitive friendship. The word originates from the aristocratic Mitford sisters, of social fame; the American-based author and activist Jessica Mitford who circulated it, stated it was: "an useful word…coined by one of my sisters when she was a small child to describe a rather dull little girl who lived near us. My sister and the Frenemy played together constantly…all the time disliking each other heartily. "Frenemy" has appeared in print as early as 1953 in an article titled "Howz about calling the Russians our Frienemies?" by the American gossip columnist Walter Winchel in the Nevada State Journal. It underwent a massive hike in usage, beginning in 1996, with the hike's roots being as early as 1970.
A Businessweek article stated that frenemies in the workplace are common in business to business partnerships. Due to informal environments and the "abundance of close, intertwined relationships that bridge people's professional and personal lives... it wasn't unheard of for people to socialize with colleagues in the past, the sheer amount of time that people spend at work now has left a lot of people with less time and inclination to develop friendships outside of the office." Professional relationships are successful when two or more business partners come together and benefit from one another, but personal relationships require more common interests outside of business. Relationships in the workplace, or any place that involves performance comparing form because of the commonalities between persons. Due to the intense environment competitiveness evolves into envy and strains the relationships. Frenemy type relationships become routine and common because of the shared interest of business dealings or competition.
Sigmund Freud said of himself that “an intimate friend and a hated enemy have always been indispensable to my emotional life...not infrequently…friend and enemy have coincided in the same person”. Competition The enemy of my enemy is my friend Promoting adversaries Love-hate relationship Sir Martin Sorrell discusses media changes LA Times: Google an ally, not a threat, media exec says The Word - Apocalypse Mao: Murdered by the Orient's Success - Frenemy