In American football and Canadian football, a sack occurs when the quarterback is tackled behind the line of scrimmage before he can throw a forward pass, when the quarterback is tackled behind the line of scrimmage in the "pocket" and his intent is unclear, or when a passer runs out of bounds behind the line of scrimmage due to defensive pressure. This occurs if the opposing team's defensive line, linebackers or defensive backs are able to apply pass pressure to get past blocking players of the offensive team, or if the quarterback is unable to find a back to hand the ball off to or an available eligible receiver to catch the ball, allowing the defense a longer opportunity to tackle the quarterback. Performing a sack is advantageous for the defending team as the offense loses a down, the line of scrimmage retreats several yards. Better for the defense is a sack causing the quarterback to fumble the ball at or behind the line of scrimmage. A quarterback, pressured but avoids a sack can still be adversely affected by being forced to hurry.
In the National Football League, it is possible to record a sack for zero yards. The QB must pass the statistical line of scrimmage to avoid the sack. If a passer is sacked in his own end zone, the result is a safety and the defending team is awarded two points, unless the football is fumbled and either recovered in the end zone by the defense for a touchdown or recovered by either team outside the end zone. To be considered a sack the quarterback must intend to throw a forward pass. If the play is designed for the quarterback to rush the ball, any loss is subtracted from the quarterback's rushing total. If the quarterback's intent is not obvious, statisticians use certain criteria, such as the offensive line blocking scheme, to decide. Unique situations where a loss reduces a quarterback's rushing total are "kneel downs". A player will receive credit for half of a sack when multiple players contribute to the sacking of a quarterback if more than two players contributed. In the NFL yards lost on the play are added as negative yardage to the team's passing totals.
NCAA continues to subtract sack yardage from individual rushing totals. The term "sack" was first popularized by Hall of Fame defensive end Deacon Jones in the 1960s, who felt that a sack devastated the offense in the same way that a city was devastated when it was sacked. According to former NFL coach Marv Levy, it was Washington Redskins coach George Allen who coined the term when referring to Dallas Cowboys quarterback Craig Morton. Allen purportedly stated before a game, "Before we play those Dallas Cowboys, we’re going to take that Morton salt and pour him into a sack." Prior to "sack", the term "dump" was used, the NFL's statistical office recorded all sacks under "dumping the passer". The NFL only began to keep track of times passers lost yardage in 1961 and no credit was given to the defensive player responsible until 1982. Researcher John Turney of the Pro Football Researchers Association estimated that Jones recorded 173½ sacks in his career. Controversial NFL rule changes made for the 2018 season prohibit tacklers landing on the quarterback after making a sack, with the punishment being a roughing the passer penalty.
Of all forms of defensive pressure against the opposition's passer, sacks provide the most immediate impact by ending the offensive play. However, quarterbacks sometimes avoid a sack by throwing an incomplete pass or risking an interception. According to Football Outsiders, a quarterback hurry is the most common form of pass pressure. In the 2009 NFL season, there were 1,106 sacks and 3,268 hurries, a hurried quarterback averaged fewer yards per pass play compared to the average pass play; these records are from 1982 onwards, the year the NFL started recording sacks. NFL single-season sacks: 22.5, Michael Strahan, 2001 NFL career sacks: 200, Bruce Smith, 1985–2003 NFL single-game sacks: 7, Derrick Thomas, November 11, 1990 vs. Seattle Seahawks NFL sacks, rookie season: 14.5, Jevon Kearse, 1999 NFL seasons with 20 or more sacks: 2, J. J. Watt, 2012 & 2014 NFL most consecutive games recording a sack: 69, Tampa Bay, 1999–2003 NFL career sacks taken: 525, Brett Favre, 1991–2010 NFL single-season sacks taken: 76, David Carr, 2002 NFL game sacks taken: 12, Warren Moon, September 29, 1985 and Donovan McNabb, September 30, 2007 NFL Super Bowl most sacks in a single game, 12 Carolina vs. Denver, 50 NFL Super Bowl most sacks by a player in a single game, 3Reggie White – Green Bay vs.
New England, XXXI Darnell Dockett – Arizona vs. Pittsburgh, XLIII Kony Ealy – Carolina vs. Denver, 50 Grady Jarrett – Atlanta vs. New England, LINFL Super Bowl most sacks, career 4.5, Charles Haley – 5 games San Francisco XXIII, XXIV, Dallas XXVII, XXVIII, XXX List of National Football League annual sacks leaders List of National Football League career sacks leaders The Blind Side: Evolution of a Game – non-fiction book by Michael Lewis Sack Story, an article describing the controversy over the sack record Pro-football-reference.com enumeration of career sack leaders
Bryan Bartlett "Bart" Starr is a former professional American football player and coach. He played quarterback for the Green Bay Packers of the National Football League from 1956 through 1971. Starr is the only quarterback in NFL history to lead a team to three consecutive league championships. Starr trails only New England Patriots quarterback Tom Brady for total NFL championships, with five. Starr led his team to victories in the first two Super Bowls: I and II; as the Packers' head coach, he was less successful, compiling a 52–76–3 record from 1975 through 1983. Starr was named the Most Valuable Player of the first two Super Bowls and during his career earned four Pro Bowl selections, he won the league MVP award in 1966. He was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame and the Packers Hall of Fame in 1977. Starr has the highest postseason passer rating of any quarterback in NFL history and a postseason record of 9–1, his career completion percentage of 57.4 was an NFL best when he retired in 1972.
Starr held the Packers' franchise record for games played for 32 years, through the 2003 season. Starr played college football at the University of Alabama and was selected by the Green Bay Packers in the 17th round of the 1956 NFL draft. Born and raised in Montgomery, Starr's parents were Benjamin Bryan Starr, a labor foreman with the state highway department, Lula Starr. Starr's early life was marked by hardships, he was first in the U. S. Army but transferred to the U. S. Air Force for his military career. Starr had Hilton E. "Bubba" Starr. In 1946, Bubba stepped on a dog bone while playing in the yard and three days died of tetanus. Starr's relationship with his father deteriorated after Hilton's death, he was an introverted child who showed his emotions and his father pushed Starr to develop more of a mean streak. Starr attended Sidney Lanier High School in Montgomery, tried out for the football team in his sophomore year, but decided to quit after two weeks, his father gave him the option of working in the family garden.
In his junior year, the starting quarterback broke Starr became the starter. He led Lanier to an undefeated season. In his senior season, Starr was named all-state and All-American, received college scholarship offers from universities across the country, he considered the University of Kentucky, coached by Bear Bryant. Starr's high school sweetheart, Cherry Louise Morton, was planning to attend Auburn and Starr wished to attend a college close to her. Starr committed to the University of Alabama. During Starr’s freshman year, the Southeastern Conference – of which Alabama is a part – allowed freshmen to play varsity ball. Starr did not start for Alabama as a freshman, but he did play enough minutes to earn a varsity letter, his high point of the season came in quarterback relief in the Orange Bowl, when he completed 8 of 12 passes for 93 yards and a touchdown. Starr entered his sophomore year as Alabama's starting quarterback and punter, his punting average of 41.4 yards per kick ranked second in the nation in 1953, behind Zeke Bratkowski.
Alabama recorded a 6–2–3 record and lost in the Cotton Bowl to Rice by a score of 28–6. Starr completed 59 of 119 passes with eight touchdowns that season. In May 1954, Starr eloped with Cherry Morton; the couple chose to keep their marriage a secret. Colleges revoked the scholarships of married athletes in the 1950s, believing their focus should remain on sports. Cherry remained in Jackson, while Starr returned to the University of Alabama; that summer, Starr suffered a severe back injury during a hazing incident for his initiation into the A Club. He covered up the cause by fabricating a story about being hurt while punting a football, he played during his junior year due to the injury. The back injury disqualified him from military service, would bother him the rest of his football career. After a disappointing season of 4–5–2, Red Drew was replaced by J. B. Whitworth as coach of Alabama. Whitworth conducted a youth movement in Alabama for the 1955 season and only two seniors started for the team.
While healed from the back injury, Starr played in his senior season either. Starr played in the Blue–Gray bowl of 1955. Johnny Dee, the basketball coach at Alabama, was a friend of Jack Vainisi, the personnel director of the Green Bay Packers. Dee recommended Starr as a prospect to Vainisi; the Packers were convinced that Starr would learn quickly. In the 17th round of the 1956 NFL Draft, Starr was selected by the Packers, with the 200th overall pick. Starr spent the summer of 1956 living with his in-laws and throwing footballs through a tire in their backyard in order to prepare for his rookie season; the Packers offered $6,500 to sign Starr and he accepted, with the added condition, requested by Starr, that he receive $1,000 up front. Starr began as a backup to Tobin Rote in 1956 and split time with Babe Parilli until 1959, Vince Lombardi's first year as Packers coach. In that season, Lombardi pulled starter Lamar McHan in favor of Starr, he held the starting job henceforth; the following season, the Packers advanced to the 1960 NFL Championship Game, but lost to the Philadelphia Eagles, Lombardi's only post-season loss as a head coach.
The Packers won in 1961 and 1962, both over the New York Giants. In 1966, Starr was named the NFL's Most Va
Sports Illustrated is an American sports magazine owned by Meredith Corporation. First published in August 1954, it has over 3 million subscribers and is read by 23 million people each week, including over 18 million men, it was the first magazine with circulation over one million to win the National Magazine Award for General Excellence twice. It is known for its annual swimsuit issue, published since 1964, has spawned other complementary media works and products. There were two magazines named Sports Illustrated before the current magazine began on August 16, 1954. In 1936, Stuart Scheftel created Sports Illustrated with a target market for the sportsman, he published the magazine from 1936 to 1938 on a monthly basis. The magazine was a life magazine size and focused on golf and skiing with articles on the major sports, he sold the name to Dell Publications, which released Sports Illustrated in 1949 and this version lasted 6 issues before closing. Dell's version focused on major sports and competed on magazine racks against Sport and other monthly sports magazines.
During the 1940s these magazines were monthly and they did not cover the current events because of the production schedules. There was no large-base, weekly sports magazine with a national following on actual active events, it was that Time patriarch Henry Luce began considering whether his company should attempt to fill that gap. At the time, many believed sports was beneath the attention of serious journalism and did not think sports news could fill a weekly magazine during the winter. A number of advisers to Luce, including Life magazine's Ernest Havemann, tried to kill the idea, but Luce, not a sports fan, decided the time was right; the goal of the new magazine was to be a magazine, but with sports. Many at Time-Life scoffed at Luce's idea. Launched on August 16, 1954, it was not profitable and not well run at first, but Luce's timing was good; the popularity of spectator sports in the United States was about to explode, that popularity came to be driven by three things: economic prosperity and Sports Illustrated.
The early issues of the magazine seemed caught between two opposing views of its audience. Much of the subject matter was directed at upper-class activities such as yachting and safaris, but upscale would-be advertisers were unconvinced that sports fans were a significant part of their market. After more than a decade of steady losses, the magazine's fortunes turned around in the 1960s when Andre Laguerre became its managing editor. A European correspondent for Time, Inc. who became chief of the Time-Life news bureaux in Paris and London, Laguerre attracted Henry Luce's attention in 1956 with his singular coverage of the Winter Olympic Games in Cortina d'Ampezzo, which became the core of SI's coverage of those games. In May 1956, Luce brought Laguerre to New York to become assistant managing editor of the magazine, he was named managing editor in 1960, he more than doubled the circulation by instituting a system of departmental editors, redesigning the internal format, inaugurating the unprecedented use in a news magazine of full-color photographic coverage of the week's sports events.
He was one of the first to sense the rise of national interest in professional football. Laguerre instituted the innovative concept of one long story at the end of every issue, which he called the "bonus piece"; these well-written, in-depth articles helped to distinguish Sports Illustrated from other sports publications, helped launch the careers of such legendary writers as Frank Deford, who in March 2010 wrote of Laguerre, "He smoked cigars and drank Scotch and made the sun move across the heavens... His genius as an editor was that he made you want to please him, but he wanted you to do that by writing in your own distinct way."Laguerre is credited with the conception and creation of the annual Swimsuit Issue, which became, remains, the most popular issue each year. In 1990, Time Inc. merged with Warner Communications to form the media conglomerate Time Warner. In 2014, Time Inc. was spun off from Time Warner. In November 2017, Meredith Corporation announced that it would acquire Time Inc. and the acquisition was completed in January 2018.
However, in March 2018, Meredith stated that it would explore selling Sports Illustrated and several other former Time properties, arguing that they did not properly align with the company's lifestyle brands and publications. From its start, Sports Illustrated introduced a number of innovations that are taken for granted today: Liberal use of color photos—though the six-week lead time meant they were unable to depict timely subject matter Scouting reports—including a World Series Preview and New Year's Day bowl game round-up that enhanced the viewing of games on television In-depth sports reporting from writers like Robert Creamer, Tex Maule and Dan Jenkins. Regular illustration features by artists like Robert Riger. High school football Player of the Month awards. Inserts of sports cards in the center of the magazine 1994 Launched Sports Illustrated Interactive CD-ROM with StarPress Multimedia, Incorporates player stats and highlights from the year in sports. In 2015 Sports Illustrated purchased a group of software companies and combined them to create Sports Illustrated Play, a platform that offers sports league management software as a service.
In 1965, offset printing bega
The Ivy League is an American collegiate athletic conference comprising sports teams from eight private universities in the Northeastern United States. The term Ivy League is used to refer to those eight schools as a group of elite colleges beyond the sports context; the eight members are Brown University, Columbia University, Cornell University, Dartmouth College, Harvard University, the University of Pennsylvania, Princeton University, Yale University. Ivy League has connotations of academic excellence, selectivity in admissions, social elitism. While the term was in use as early as 1933, it became official only after the formation of the NCAA Division I athletic conference in 1954. Seven of the eight schools were founded during the colonial period, thus account for seven of the nine Colonial Colleges chartered before the American Revolution; the other two colonial colleges Rutgers University and the College of William & Mary became public institutions instead. Ivy League schools are viewed as some of the most prestigious, are ranked among the best universities worldwide by U.
S. News & World Report. All eight universities place in the top fourteen of the 2019 U. S. News & World Report national university rankings, including four Ivies in the top three. In the 2019 U. S. News & World Report global university rankings, three Ivies rank in the top ten and six in the top twenty. Undergraduate-focused Ivies such as Brown University and Dartmouth College rank 99th and 197th, respectively. U. S. News has named a member of the Ivy League as the best national university in each of the past 18 years ending with the 2018 rankings: Princeton eleven times, Harvard twice, the two schools tied for first five times. Undergraduate enrollments range from about 4,000 to 14,000, making them larger than those of a typical private liberal arts college and smaller than a typical public state university. Total enrollments, including graduate students, range from 6,400 at Dartmouth to over 20,000 at Columbia, Cornell and Penn. Ivy League financial endowments range from Brown's $3.5 billion to Harvard's $34.5 billion, the largest financial endowment of any academic institution in the world.
The Ivy League has drawn many comparisons to other elite grouping of universities in other nations such as Oxbridge and the Golden Triangle in the United Kingdom, C9 League in China, Group of Eight in Australia, Imperial Universities in Japan. These counterparts are referred to in the American media as the "Ivy League" of their respective nations. Additionally, groupings of schools use the "Ivy" nomenclature to denote a perceived comparability, such as American liberal arts colleges, lesser known schools, public universities, schools in the Southern United States. Ivy League universities have some of the largest university financial endowments in the world, which allows the universities to provide many resources for their academic programs and research endeavors; as of 2017, Harvard University has an endowment of $37.1 billion, the highest of any US university Additionally, each university receives millions of dollars in research grants and other subsidies from federal and state governments.
Note: Six of the eight Ivy League universities consider their founding dates to be the date that they received their charters and thus became legal corporations with the authority to grant academic degrees. Harvard University uses the date that the legislature of the Massachusetts Bay Colony formally allocated funds for the creation of a college. Harvard was chartered in 1650, although classes had been conducted for a decade by then; the University of Pennsylvania considered its founding date to be 1750. In Penn's early history, the university changed its recognized founding date to 1749, used for all of the nineteenth century, including a centennial celebration in 1849. In 1899, Penn's board of trustees formally adopted a third founding date of 1740, in response to a petition from Penn's General Alumni Society. Penn was chartered in 1755, the same year. "Religious affiliation" refers to financial sponsorship, formal association with, promotion by, a religious denomination. All of the schools in the Ivy League are private and not associated with any religion.
Students have long revered the ivied walls of older colleges. "Planting the ivy" was a customary class day ceremony at many colleges in the 1800s. In 1893, an alumnus told The Harvard Crimson, "In 1850, class day was placed upon the University Calendar.... The custom of planting the ivy, while the ivy oration was delivered, arose about this time." At Penn, graduating seniors started the custom of planting ivy at a university building each spring in 1873 and that practice was formally designated as "Ivy Day" in 1874. Ivy planting ceremonies are reported for Yale, Bryn Mawr and many others. Princeton's "Ivy Club" was founded in 1879; the first usage of Ivy in reference to a group of colleges is from sportswriter Stanley Woodward. A proportion of our eastern ivy colleges are meeting little fellows another Saturday before plunging into the strife and the turmoil; the first known instance of the term Ivy League being used appeared in The Christian Science Monitor on February 7, 1935. Several sportswriters and other journalists used the term shortly to refer to the older colleges, those along the northeastern seaboard of the United States, chiefly the nine institutions with origins dating from the colonial era, together with th
Lyle Martin Alzado was a professional All Pro American football defensive end of the National Football League, famous for his intense and intimidating style of play. Alzado played 15 seasons, splitting his time among the Denver Broncos, the Cleveland Browns, the Los Angeles Raiders with whom he won a championship in Super Bowl XVIII, he was born in Brownsville, New York, to an Italian-Spanish father, a Jewish mother with a Russian family background, Martha Sokolow Alzado, was Jewish. His last name was pronounced, Al-Zah-Doe, but became known as Al-Zay-Doe, during his pro football career; when he was 10, the family moved to Long Island. His father, whom Alzado described as "a drinker and street fighter," left the family during Alzado's sophomore year at Lawrence High School, he was a Vardon Trophy Candidate in high school for three years. Following his failure to receive a college scholarship offer, Alzado played for Kilgore College, a junior college in Kilgore, Texas. After two years, he was asked to leave the team, he contended, for befriending a black teammate.
From Texas, Alzado moved on to the now-defunct Yankton College in South Dakota. Though playing in relative obscurity in the NAIA, Alzado nonetheless gained notice by the NFL when a scout for the Denver Broncos, having been taken off the road by automobile trouble, decided to pass the time by screening a film of Montana Tech, one of Yankton's opponents. Impressed by the unknown player squaring off against Montana Tech's offense, the scout passed back a favorable report to his team; the Broncos drafted Alzado in the fourth round of the 1971 draft. Alzado went back to Yankton after his rookie season to get his college degree, he received a B. A. in physical education with an emphasis in secondary education. During his college years, Alzado participated in amateur boxing, made it to the semi-finals of the 1969 Midwest Golden Gloves Boxing Tournament, held in Omaha; when the Broncos' starting right defensive end Rich "Tombstone" Jackson was injured in 1971, Alzado took over the job and went on to make various All-rookie teams for his contributions of 60 tackles and 8 sacks.
The following year, Alzado began to get national attention as he racked up 10½ sacks to go with his 91 tackles. In 1973, Alzado posted excellent numbers as the Broncos had a winning record for the first time in team history with a 7–5–2 mark. In 1974, Alzado gained more notice as one publication named him All-AFC, with his 13 sacks and 80 tackles he was recognized as one of the NFL's top defensive ends, along with Elvin Bethea, Jack Youngblood, L. C. Greenwood, Claude Humphrey, Carl Eller; the Denver Broncos posted their second consecutive winning season, going 7–6–1. The 1975 season brought change, he responded with 7 sacks. Alzado took a step backward. On the first play of the 1976 season, Alzado missed that campaign; the Broncos were 9–5 but SPORT magazine reported that 12 players, including Alzado, did not think the team could reach the playoffs with coach John Ralston. Ralston was replaced as coach by Red Miller for the 1977 season; the 1977 season was the most successful in franchise history to that point.
In that game, played in New Orleans, they were beaten soundly 27–10 by the Dallas Cowboys. Still, the year was a big success for Alzado, voted consensus All-Pro and consensus All-AFC as well as winning the UPI AFC Defensive Player of the Year, he led the Broncos in sacks with 8, while making 80 tackles. In 1978, the Broncos again went to the AFC playoffs, but lost the rematch in the first round to the eventual champion Pittsburgh Steelers. Alzado had 77 tackles and 9 sacks and recorded his first NFL safety.. He was a consensus All-AFC pick. In 1979, he had a contract dispute, the Broncos traded him to the Cleveland Browns. Alzado played well with the Browns, he had 80 tackles that year to go with his seven sacks. The following year, the Browns won the AFC Central division, losing to the Raiders in the Divisional round. Alzado led the Browns in sacks with nine, was All-Pro and All-AFC. In 1981 he recorded 83 tackles and led the Browns in sacks with 8½. However, the Browns, who fell from 11-5 in 1980 to 5-11 in 1981, traded him to the Oakland Raiders in 1982.
Being discarded by the Browns rekindled a fire in Alzado, he worked out with a vengeance. By the time Alzado joined the Raiders, the team had relocated to Los Angeles. In 1982, he was voted the NFL Comeback Player of the Year. Although he played a full season in 1981, his play was so superior in 1982 that he garnered the award. In the strike-shortened 1982 season of 9 games, Alzado recorded 7 sacks and 30 tackles while being voted All-AFC; this was the sixth season out of his first 12 campaigns that he received some sort of post-season honor. He continued to perform well for the Raiders in the 1983 season, helping lead them to a Super Bowl victory while recording 50 tackles and 7½ sacks. Alzado started at right end opposite future Hall of Fame inductee Howie Long, he had an outstanding 1984 season with 63 tackles and 6 sacks, but the next year his tackle and sack totals dipped to 31 and 3 following a mid-season injury. Alzado
Robert Patrick "Rocky" Bleier is an American former professional American football player. He was a National Football League halfback for the Pittsburgh Steelers in 1968 and from 1970 to 1980. Nicknamed "Rocky" as a baby, Bleier said, "As the first born of the family, my dad was proud, as all parents are, and the guys would come into the bar and say'Bob, how's that new kid of yours?' And my dad would go,'Aw, you should see him, looks like a little rock sitting in that crib. He's got all these muscles.' So they'd come back in the bar and they'd say,'Hey Bob, how's that little rock of yours?' So after that, that's. It stuck." Born and raised in Appleton, Bleier was the oldest of four children of Bob and Ellen Bleier, who ran a tavern - Bleier's Bar - while the family of six lived above it. He had a paper route as a youth, graduated from Xavier High School in 1964, where he starred in football and basketball. In football, Bleier was a three-time all-state selection as running back, won all-conference honors at both linebacker and defensive back.
He was a team captain in football and track. Bleier played college football at the University of Notre Dame in South Bend and graduated in 1968 with a degree in business management. During his junior season in 1966, the Fighting Irish won the national championship and he was a team captain as a senior in 1967, he was selected in the 16th round of the 1968 NFL/AFL Draft by the Pittsburgh Steelers, 417th overall. After his rookie season with the Steelers, Bleier was drafted into the U. S. Army on December 4, 1968, during the Vietnam War, he volunteered for duty in South Vietnam and shipped out for Vietnam in May 1969 assigned to Company C, 4th Battalion, 31st Infantry 196th Light Infantry Brigade and assigned as a squad grenadier operating a 40mm M79 grenade launcher. On August 20, while on patrol in Hiep Duc, Bleier was wounded in the left thigh by an enemy rifle bullet when his platoon was ambushed in a rice paddy. While he was down, an enemy grenade landed nearby after bouncing off a fellow soldier, sending shrapnel into his lower right leg.
He lost part of his right foot in the blast as well. He was awarded the Bronze Star and Purple Heart, his rank was Specialist 4. While he was recovering in a hospital in Tokyo, doctors told him that he could not play football again. Soon after, he received a postcard from Steelers owner Art Rooney which read "Rock - the team's not doing well. We need you. Art Rooney". Bleier said, "When you have somebody take the time and interest to send you a postcard, something that they didn't have to do, you have a special place for those kinds of people". After several surgeries, he was discharged from the military on August 20, 1969, began informal workouts with Steeler teammates. Bleier rejoined the Steelers in camp in 1970. Upon his return, he couldn't walk without being in pain, weighed only 180 pounds, he was returned in 1971 and played on special teams. He spent several seasons trying to get increased playing time, was waived on two occasions, but Bleier never gave up, said that he worked hard so that "some time in the future you didn't have to ask yourself'what if?'".
An offseason training regimen brought Bleier back to 212 lb in the summer of 1974, he earned a spot in the Steelers' starting lineup. Since Preston Pearson was wearing number 26, Bleier switched to number 20 when he returned to the team. After Pearson was traded to the Dallas Cowboys in 1975, Bleier kept the number 20, with which he had become associated. In addition to being a great lead blocker, Bleier was the second of the Steelers' rushing weapons, but was effective nonetheless at both blocking and rushing. In 1976, both Harris and Bleier rushed for over 1,000 yards, making this the second NFL team to accomplish this feat, after Mercury Morris and Larry Csonka of the 1972 Miami Dolphins. Bleier played in the first four Steeler Super Bowl victories, caught the touchdown pass from Terry Bradshaw that gave Pittsburgh a lead it would never surrender in Super Bowl XIII, he recovered Dallas's onside kick in the closing seconds, sealing the Steelers' victory. Bleier retired after the 1980 season with 3,865 rushing yards, 136 receptions for 1,294 yards, 25 touchdowns.
At the time of his retirement, he was the Steelers' fourth all-time leading rusher. Bleier wrote a book of his struggle to recover from his war wounds called Fighting Back: The Rocky Bleier Story, it was made into a television movie in 1980, with Robert Urich starring as Bleier, Richard Herd as Steelers coach Chuck Noll, Art Carney as team owner Art Rooney, many of Bleier's teammates as themselves. Bleier is featured in the 2014 feature documentary "Project 22", which chronicles the cross-country motorcycle journey of two young veterans exploring alternative treatments for PTSD and TBI. Bleier has four children, he has two children from his marriage with Aleta Giacobine Whitaker, from whom he was divorced in October 1996. He has two adopted children with his second wife, Jan Gyurina; as of 2011, he lived in Pennsylvania. Bleier has become an speaker on retirement and financial management, he has authored the book Don't fumble your retirement and is the co-host of a weekly radio show The Rock on Retirement on Pittsburgh radio station 104.7 FM WPGB.
He runs Bleier Zagula Financial with his business partner Matt Zagula. The football stadium at Xavier High School was renamed Rocky Bleier Field on the Knights of Columbus Sports Complex on October 12, 2007. Bleier tossed the coin to start the hig
Archie Mason Griffin is a former American football running back. Griffin played seven seasons in the NFL with the Cincinnati Bengals, he is college football's only two-time Heisman Trophy winner. Griffin won four Big Ten Conference titles with the Ohio State Buckeyes and was the first player to start in four Rose Bowls. Griffin rushed for 1,787 yards and scored over 170 points in 11 games, including 29 touchdowns, as a senior fullback at Eastmoor High School in Columbus, Ohio; that year, he led Eastmoor to the Columbus City League championship, rushing for 267 yards on 31 carries in the title game against Linden-McKinley High School. In his junior year, Griffin rushed for over 1,000 yards. In 1996 Griffin was inducted into the high school hall of fame. Eastmoor Academy renamed their playing field "Archie Griffin Field" in his honor. Griffin played for the Ohio State University Buckeyes from 1972-75; when he won a starting position his freshman year, many sophomores were disappointed because Griffin took their spot.
Former Ohio State head coach Woody Hayes said of Griffin, "He's a better young man than he is a football player, he's the best football player I've seen."In 1972, Griffin was a T-formation halfback, from 1973 through 1975, he was the team's I-formation tailback. He led the Buckeyes in rushing as a freshman with 867 yards, but his numbers exploded the following year with the team's conversion to the I-formation, he rushed for 1,428 yards in the regular season as a sophomore, 1,620 as a junior, 1,357 as a senior. Griffin is the only back to lead the Big Ten Conference in rushing for three straight years. Overall, Griffin rushed for 5,589 yards on 924 carries in his four seasons with the Buckeyes an NCAA record, he scored 26 touchdowns. In their four seasons with Griffin as their starting running back, the Buckeyes posted a record of 40-5-1. Griffin is one of only two players in collegiate football history to start four Rose Bowl games, the other being Brian Cushing. Griffin introduced himself to OSU fans as a freshman by setting a school single-game rushing record of 239 yards in the second game of the 1972 season, against North Carolina, breaking a team record that had stood for 27 seasons.
His only carry in his first game had resulted in a fumble. He broke his own record as a sophomore with 246 rushing yards in a game against the Iowa Hawkeyes. Over his four-year collegiate career, Griffin rushed for at least 100 yards in 34 games, including an NCAA record 31 consecutive games. Griffin finished fifth in the Heisman vote in his sophomore year and won the award as a junior and senior, he has been the only NCAA football player to date to win the award twice, a feat that will be difficult for current players to match. In addition to his two Heisman Trophies, Griffin won many other college awards, he is one of four players to win the Chicago Tribune Silver Football, the Big 10's Most Valuable Player Award, twice. United Press International named him Player of the Year twice, the Walter Camp Foundation named him top player twice, he won the Maxwell Award, Sporting News named him Man of the Year. Griffin is one of two players in NCAA history to start in four Rose Bowl games in a single career.
The College Football Hall of Fame enshrined Griffin in 1986. Ohio State enshrined him in their own Varsity O Hall of Fame in 1981 and retired his number, 45, in 1999, he was inducted into the Rose Bowl Hall of Fame in 1990. In 2007, he was ranked No. 21 on ESPN's Top 25 Players In College Football History list. On January 1, 2014, Griffin was named the All-Century Player of the Rose Bowl Game during the celebration of the 100th Rose Bowl Game and participated in the Rose Parade. In the 1976 NFL Draft, he was the first-round draft choice of the Cincinnati Bengals, selected as the 24th overall pick in the draft. Griffin played 7 seasons in the NFL, all with the Bengals, he was joined in the backfield with his college fullback teammate Pete Johnson, drafted by the Bengals in 1977, his brother, Ohio State defensive back Ray Griffin, drafted by the team in 1978. During his 7 NFL seasons, he rushed for 2808 yards and 7 touchdowns, caught 192 passes for 1607 yards and 6 touchdowns. Griffin played in Super Bowl XVI with the Bengals after the 1981 season.
However, Griffin struggled throughout his professional career, rushing for 100 yards or more in only three games and failing to record a 700-yard season. After his career with the Bengals ended, Griffin played with the Jacksonville Bulls of the United States Football League. Griffin is the former CEO of The Ohio State University Alumni Association, he is the current spokesman for the Wendy's High School Heisman award program. He served as Assistant Athletic Director for The Ohio State University and still speaks to the football team before every game. Griffin serves on the Board of Directors for Motorists Insurance which has offices in downtown Columbus and Fitch, the National Football Foundation and College Hall of Fame, based in Irving, Texas. Along with former NBA basketball star Magic Johnson, Griffin was one of the investors in Mandalay Baseball Properties LLC which owned the Dayton Dragons, a class single-A minor league baseball team affiliated with Major League Baseball's Cincinnati Reds, prior to the sale of the team in 2014 to Palisades Arcadia Baseball LLC.
Griffin is a son of James Griffin. He has a sister, his brothers are named Jimmy, Daryle, Duncan and Keith who played in the NFL. Griffin's son Andre is entering his third year as