Geography of Denmark
Denmark is a Nordic country located in Northern Europe. It consists of the Jutland peninsula and several islands in the Baltic sea, Denmark is located southwest of Sweden and due south of Norway and is bordered by the German state Schleswig-Holstein to the south, on Denmarks only land border,68 kilometres long. Denmark borders both the Baltic and North Seas along its 8,750 km tidal shoreline, no location in Denmark is further from the coast than 52 km. The size of the area of Denmark cannot be stated exactly since the ocean constantly erodes and adds material to the coastline. On the southwest coast of Jutland, the tide is between 1 and 2 m, and the tideline moves outward and inward on a 10 km stretch, a circle enclosing the same area as Denmark would be 742 km long. Denmark has 443 named islands, of which 72 are inhabited, the largest islands are Zealand and Funen. The island of Bornholm is located east of the rest of the country, ferries or small aircraft connect to the smaller islands. Main cities are the capital Copenhagen on Zealand, Århus and Esbjerg in Jutland and this means that the winters are mild and windy and the summers are cool.
The local terrain is flat with a few gently rolling plains. The territory of Denmark includes the island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea and the rest of metropolitan Denmark and its position gives Denmark complete control of the Danish Straits linking the Baltic and North Seas. The countrys natural resources include petroleum, natural gas, salt, chalk, gravel, iceland and the United Kingdom dispute Denmarks claim that the Faroe Islands continental shelf extends beyond 200 nautical miles or about 370 km. The Faroe Islands continue to study proposals for full independence, uncontested sovereignty dispute with Canada over Hans Island in the Kennedy Channel between Ellesmere Island and Greenland. Denmark is currently investigating the extent of the shelf of Greenland. One of the areas investigated is the geographical North Pole, as of 2012 Denmark has a population of 5,543,453. About a quarter of Danes live in the capital Copenhagen, list of islands of Denmark Danish Realm ISO 3166-2, DK NUTS, DK UN/LOCODE, DK Footnotes Reference The World Book Encyclopedia.
Media related to Geography of Denmark at Wikimedia Commons Map of Denmark from the Atlas “Theatrum orbis terrarum” by Abraham Ortelius and its the first printed map of Denmark
Kalundborg municipality is a municipality in Region Sjælland on the west coast of the island of Zealand in Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 598 km², and has a population of 49,743. Its mayor is Martin Damm, a member of Venstre, the main town and the site of its municipal council is the city of Kalundborg. The municipalities of Samsø to the northwest, and Juelsminde on the Jutland peninsula to the west are thus Kalundborgs municipal neighbors, ferry lines connect the municipality to Aarhus on the Jutland peninsula, and to the island of Samsø at the central harbour in Kalundborg. The harbour is located near the Kalundborg train station, which connects to the cities of Holbæk. A large industrial zone, including a South Harbour. is located south of the central area. On January 1,2007 Kalundborg municipality was, as the result of Kommunalreformen, merged with existing Gørlev, Hvidebæk, the ten largest urban areas in the municipality are, The tip of Røsnæs peninsula is the westernmost point on the island of Zealand.
On the northern side of the peninsula is the Skanse Forest which has a rich birdlife, during the spring and autumn it is visited by many migrating birds. Stately Lerchenborg Castle, the seat of the aristocratic Lerche family, is located on the forest-covered Asnæs peninsula. It is one of the finest examples of architecture in Denmark. The home and gardens are open to the public, but is closed during 2005 for restoration, a number of special arrangements take place at the castle during the year, including a Christmas market, music concerts and car shows. The castle was built in 1747 by General Lerche-Lerchenborg, in the southern side wing is a room dedicated to Hans Christian Andersen who was guest in 1862. The municipality encompasses a large body of water near its northern coast— Saltbæk Cove, which is one of the largest lakes in West Zealand, nearby to the south is a public beach. 1170, is located in the center of Kalundborg citys old quarter called Højbyen and it is a beautiful and unique, five-spired church which is believed to have been built by Esbern Snare.
It is closely associated with King Valdemar I and the famous Archbishop Absalon, the city center has cobblestone streets, narrow streets, and well-preserved half-timbered houses from the Middle Ages. Municipal statistics, NetBorger Kommunefakta, delivered from KMD aka Kommunedata Municipal mergers and neighbors, Eniro new municipalities map Kalundborg municipality
Slagelse municipality is a municipality in Region Sjælland on the west coast of the island of Zealand in Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 571 km², and has a population of 77,457. Its mayor is Stén Knuth, a member of the Venstre political party, the main city and the site of its municipal council is the city of Slagelse. On 1 January 2007 Slagelse municipality was, as the result of Kommunalreformen, merged with Hashøj, Korsør, and Skælskør municipalities to form an enlarged Slagelse municipality
Lejre is a town with a population of 2,415 in Lejre Municipality on the island of Zealand in east Denmark. The towns Old Norse name was Hleiðr or Hleiðargarðr, the municipality has an area of 240 km² and a total population of ca. The municipal seat is Kirke Hvalsø, Lejre was the capital of an Iron Age kingdom sometimes referred to as the Lejre Kingdom. According to early legends, this was ruled by kings of the Skjöldung dynasty, among other works of the medieval imagination that tell of adventures at Lejre, the best known is the fourteenth-century Icelandic Saga of King Hrolf Kraki. Archeological excavations undertaken since the 1980s have produced dramatic confirmation that medieval legends of Lejre, research teams led by archaeologist Tom Christensen of Roskilde Museum have uncovered the remains of an extensive Iron Age and Viking Age settlement complex just outside the hamlet of Gammel Lejre. Discovered here were the post-holes for a series of rectangular buildings measuring fifty to sixty meters in length or more.
These must have been the halls of powerful magnates or kings and other structures whose remains were unearthed in this same area indicate that Lejre was a center for crafts and religious observances. The relative absence of weapon finds suggests that the site was important as a social. A noteworthy loose find that has turned up, thanks to metal-detector work, is a tiny silver Viking Age figurine known as Odin from Lejre. This is thought to depict the god Odin enthroned in majesty between ravens, speculations about the prehistory of the area have been fueled by Thietmar of Merseburgs account in his twelfth-century Chronicon that pagan sacrifices were formerly held every ninth year at Lejre. The centerpiece of the facility is an Iron Age village reconstruction, the center is open to the public. Ledreborg, a palatial Baroque mansion, lies in the vicinity, land of legends Tadre Mølle Historical Reference from The Chronicon of Thietmar of Merseburg, Chapter 17
Stevns is a municipality in Region Sjælland on the southeast coast of the island of Zealand in south Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 250 square kilometres, and has a population of 21,920, from 1 January 2014, its mayor is Mogens Haugaard Nielsen. He is a member of the Venstre political party, the 1st deputy mayor is Varly Jensen. He is from the Danish Peoples Party, the 2nd deputy mayor is Steen S. Hansen. He is from the Social Democrats, the 19-member municipal council was elected 19 November 2013 for the four-year term of office 2014-17. The municipality covers most of Stevns Peninsula, the third largest town and the site of its municipal council is the town of Hårlev. On January 1,2007 Stevns municipality, as the result of Kommunalreformen, the ten largest urban areas in the municipality are, The town of Store Heddinge came into existence during the 13th century, and Saint Katharina Church is from that time. The town received privileged status as a merchant town in 1441, a Latin preparatory school was founded in the town in 1620, but was closed down in 1739.
The area is known for its chalk cliffs, which are quite rare in Denmark. Stevns Klint, a popular tourist attraction, is one of these, the old town church by the small village of Højerup collapsed partially over the cliffs in 1928 due to erosion. In 2008 the Cold War Museum Stevns Fortress opened to the public and it features a large exhibition of military equipment and a 1. 5-hour guided tour in the large underground system of the fortress. The underground system of the fortress features 1.6 kilometres of tunnels, living quarters, command centers, and in addition two ammunition depots for its two 15 centimetres cannons. The tunnels are 18–20 metres below surface excavated in the chalk of Stevns and this top secret fortress was built in 1953 and remained operational until 2000. Stevns is home to Elverhøj, while not much of an attraction and the Danish national play Elves Hill, both of which in Danish share the name Elverhøj
Falster is an island in south-eastern Denmark with an area of 486.2 km2 and 43,398 inhabitants as of 1 January 2010. Located in the Baltic sea, it is part of Region Sjælland and is administered by Guldborgsund Municipality, Falster includes Denmarks southernmost point, Gedser Odde, near Gedser. The largest town is Nykøbing Falster with over 40% of the islands inhabitants, other towns include Stubbekøbing, Nørre Alslev and Gedser. Falster has motor and railway links both to the island of Zealand to the north and to the island of Lolland to the south-west. These links lead to the islands of Masnedø and Farø. European route E47 links Copenhagen to Hamburg via Falster, from medieval times until 1766, most of Falster belonged to the crown. King Valdemars Census Book from c.1231 lists all the parishes, Falsters two main towns, Nykøbing and Stubbekøbing, were both founded towards the end of the 12th century. In medieval times, the island was marked by wars with the Wends in 1158, the census of 1509 includes only 90 of the 110 villages mentioned earlier.
By contrast, it mentions 29 new settlements mainly along the coast. In the 16th century, Falster had a number of farms which were owned by the nobility but, from 1560 to 1630. Therefore, Falster could therefore be used as the dowry for Frederick IIIs wife, Sophie Amalie but as a result of the taxes which resulted. Falster was managed as an estate from 1718 until 1766 when it was sold by auction and divided up into ten large farms. But as the fields had to be prepared through the serfdom of local peasants, the villages were replaced by the community from 1778 to 1814, and gradually moved to freehold tenants, a process which was only completed in about 1860. There was an increase in the cultivation of sugar beet which was processed in factories at Nykøbing and Stubbekøbing between 1890 and 1914, many seasonal workers, especially women, from Sweden and Poland came to help with harvesting the sugar beet and some of them stayed. With the new railway from Orehoved to Nykøbing in 1872 and railway ferries to Masnedø and Warnemünde and its position was reinforced by the construction of the Storstrøm Bridge and Farø Bridges.
Since 1975, Falster has been marked by high unemployment as a result of harder times for farming and industry. As of 2012, populations were as follows, With its marinas, sandy beaches and cycle tracks, one of the most popular resorts is Marielyst on the east coast. Nykøbing offers a number of attractions including its atmosphere with narrow streets
Roskilde, located 30 km west of Copenhagen on the Danish island of Zealand, is the main city in Roskilde Municipality. With a population of 50,046, the city is a business and educational centre for the region, Roskilde is governed by the administrative council of Roskilde Municipality. Roskilde has a history, dating from the pre-Christian Viking Age. Its UNESCO-listed Gothic cathedral, now housing 39 tombs of the Danish monarchs, was completed in 1275, among the largest private sector employers today are the IT firm BEC and GPI, specializing in plastics. The Risø research facility is becoming a major employer, extending interest in sustainable energy to the clean technology sphere. The local university, founded in 1972, the historic Cathedral School, Roskilde has a large local hospital which has been expanded and modernized since it was opened in 1855. It is now active in the research sphere. The Sankt Hans psychiatric hospital serves the Capital Region with specialized facilities for forensic psychiatry, the cathedral and the Viking Ship Museum, which contains the well-preserved remains of five 11th-century ships, attract more than 100,000 visitors annually.
The city is home to the FC Roskilde football club play in the Danish 1st Division, the Roskilde Vikings RK rugby club. In the 1970s, the city benefited from the opening of the university, Roskilde has the oldest operational railway station in Denmark, with connections across Zealand as well as with Falster and Jutland. The local airport opened in 1973, mainly serving light aircraft for business use, from the 11th century until 1443, it was the capital of Denmark. By the Middle Ages, with the support of kings and bishops, the Saxo Grammaticus and other early sources associate the name Roskilde with the legendary King Roar who possibly lived there in the 6th century. According to Adam of Bremen and the Saxo Grammaticus, Roskilde was founded in the 980s by Harald Bluetooth, on high ground above the harbour, he built a wooden church consecrated to the Holy Trinity as well as a royal residence nearby. Although no traces of buildings have been discovered, in 1997 archaeologists found the remains of Viking ships in the Isefjord.
At the time, there were two churches in the area, St Jørgensbjerg, an early stone church, and a wooden church discovered under todays St Ibs Church. Harald was buried in the church he had built on the site of todays Roskilde Cathedral. In 1020, King Canute elevated Roskilde to a bishopric, giving it high national status, the Danish bishop, had a brick church built on the site of Haralds church in 1170. Todays cathedral was completed in 1275 after five of Absalons successors had contributed to its construction, as a result of Absalons influence, many other churches were built in the vicinity, making Roskilde the most important town in Zealand