A hospital is a health care institution providing patient treatment with specialized medical and nursing staff and medical equipment. The best-known type of hospital is the hospital, which typically has an emergency department to treat urgent health problems ranging from fire. A district hospital typically is the health care facility in its region, with large numbers of beds for intensive care. Specialised hospitals can help reduce health care costs compared to general hospitals, a teaching hospital combines assistance to people with teaching to medical students and nurses. The medical facility smaller than a hospital is called a clinic. Hospitals have a range of departments and specialist units such as cardiology, some hospitals have outpatient departments and some have chronic treatment units. Common support units include a pharmacy and radiology, Hospitals are usually funded by the public sector, by health organisations, by health insurance companies, or by charities, including direct charitable donations.
Historically, hospitals were founded and funded by religious orders, or by charitable individuals. During the Middle Ages, hospitals served different functions from modern institutions, Middle Ages hospitals were almshouses for the poor, hostels for pilgrims, or hospital schools. The word hospital comes from the Latin hospes, signifying a stranger or foreigner, another noun derived from this, hospitium came to signify hospitality, that is the relation between guest and shelterer, hospitality and hospitable reception. By metonymy the Latin word came to mean a guest-chamber, guests lodging, hospes is thus the root for the English words host hospitality, hospice and hotel. The German word Spital shares similar roots, the grammar of the word differs slightly depending on the dialect. Some patients go to a hospital just for diagnosis, treatment, or therapy and leave without staying overnight, while others are admitted and stay overnight or for several days or weeks or months. Hospitals usually are distinguished from other types of facilities by their ability to admit and care for inpatients whilst the others.
Larger cities may have several hospitals of varying sizes and facilities, some hospitals, especially in the United States and Canada, have their own ambulance service. A district hospital typically is the health care facility in its region, with large numbers of beds for intensive care. In California, district hospital refers specifically to a class of healthcare facility created shortly after World War II to address a shortage of beds in many local communities. Twenty-eight of Californias rural hospitals and 20 of its critical-access hospitals are District hospitals, Californias District hospitals are formed by local municipalities, have Boards that are individually elected by their local communities, and exist to serve local needs
University of Southern Denmark
The University of Southern Denmark is a university in Denmark. It has campuses located in Southern Denmark and on Zealand, the university offers a number of joint programmes in co-operation with the University of Flensburg and the University of Kiel. Contacts with regional industries and the scientific community are strong. The University of Southern Denmark was established in 1998 when the Odense University, the Southern Denmark School of Business and Engineering, the University Library of Southern Denmark was merged with the university in 1998. In 2006, the Odense University College of Engineering was merged into the university, in 2007, the Business School Centre in Slagelse and the National Institute of Public Health were merged into the University of Southern Denmark. Princess Marie took over the role of the patron of the University in 2009, the Rector is appointed by the university board. The rector in turn appoints deans and deans appoint heads of departments, there is no faculty senate and faculty is not involved in the appointment of rector, deans, or department heads.
Hence the university has no faculty governance, University Library of Southern Denmark is a part of the university. Research activities and student education make up the activities of the university. The University of Southern Denmark has cooperation with business and industry in the region. The university offers a number of degrees taught in English, examples include European Studies, the faculty of all six campuses comprises approximately 1,200 researchers in Odense, Esbjerg, Sønderborg and Copenhagen, approximately 18,000 students are enrolled. The University of Southern Denmark offers programmes in five different faculties - Humanities, Engineering, Social Sciences and it incorporates approximately 35 institutes,30 research centres, and a well-equipped university library. The University offers a range of traditional disciplines as well as a broad selection of business. In recent years the number of options available has been considerably expanded, examples include the introduction of a very successful Journalism programme in Odense, Information Science in Kolding, and a Mechatronics Engineering programme in Sønderborg.
Moreover, the University of Southern Denmark is the university in Scandinavia that offers a degree programme in chiropractic studies. The University focuses on such as communication, information technology. Other areas of research is pursued through a number of research centres at the University of Southern Denmark. Examples include The Hans Christian Andersen Center, the Centre for Sound Communication, Odense in particular focuses on research within the field of geriatrics
Funen, with an area of 3,099.7 square kilometres, is the third-largest island of Denmark, after Zealand and Vendsyssel-Thy. It is the 165th-largest island in the world and it is in the central part of the country and has a population of 466,284. The main city is Odense which is connected to the sea by a seldom-used canal, the citys shipyard, Odense Steel Shipyard, has been relocated outside Odense proper. Funen belongs administratively to the Region of Southern Denmark, from 1970 to 2006 the island formed the biggest part of Funen County, which included the islands of Langeland, Ærø, Tåsinge, and a number of smaller islands. Funen is linked to Zealand, Denmarks largest island, by the Great Belt Bridge which carries both trains and cars, two bridges connect Funen to the Danish mainland, Jutland. The Old Little Belt Bridge was constructed in the 1930s shortly before World War II for both cars and trains, the New Little Belt Bridge, a suspension bridge, was constructed in the 1970s and is used for cars only.
Apart from the city, all major towns are located in coastal areas. Beginning in the north-east of the island and moving clockwise, they are Kerteminde, Svendborg, Fåborg, Middelfart, the highest natural point on Funen is Frøbjerg Bavnehøj. Broholm Egeskov Castle Fynske Livregiment Horne Church Hvedholm Castle Korshavn, Denmark Skrøbelev Gods The Funen Village Funen brachteate in the collections of the National Museum of Denmark, official tourist information site for Funen
Regions of Denmark
Denmark, officially the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Scandinavian country in Europe and a sovereign state. The southernmost and smallest of the Nordic countries, it is south-west of Sweden and south of Norway, Denmark comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean, the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark has an area of 42,924 square kilometres. The country consists of a peninsula, and an archipelago of 443 named islands, with the largest being Zealand, the islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate. The unified kingdom of Denmark emerged in the 10th century as a proficient seafaring nation in the struggle for control of the Baltic Sea, Denmark and Norway were ruled together under the Kalmar Union, established in 1397 and ending with Swedish secession in 1523. Denmark and Norway remained under the monarch until outside forces dissolved the union in 1814. The union with Norway made it possible for Denmark to inherit the Faroe Islands, beginning in the 17th century, there were several cessions of territory to Sweden.
In the 19th century there was a surge of nationalist movements, Denmark remained neutral during World War I. In April 1940, a German invasion saw brief military skirmishes while the Danish resistance movement was active from 1943 until the German surrender in May 1945, the Constitution of Denmark was signed on 5 June 1849, ending the absolute monarchy which had begun in 1660. It establishes a constitutional monarchy organised as a parliamentary democracy, the government and national parliament are seated in Copenhagen, the nations capital, largest city and main commercial centre. Denmark exercises hegemonic influence in the Danish Realm, devolving powers to handle internal affairs, Home rule was established in the Faroe Islands in 1948, in Greenland home rule was established in 1979 and further autonomy in 2009. Denmark became a member of the European Economic Community in 1973, maintaining certain opt-outs, it retains its own currency, the krone. It is among the members of NATO, the Nordic Council, the OECD, OSCE.
The etymology of the word Denmark, and especially the relationship between Danes and Denmark and the unifying of Denmark as a kingdom, is a subject which attracts debate. This is centred primarily on the prefix Dan and whether it refers to the Dani or a historical person Dan and the exact meaning of the -mark ending. Most handbooks derive the first part of the word, and the name of the people, from a word meaning land, related to German Tenne threshing floor. The -mark is believed to mean woodland or borderland, with references to the border forests in south Schleswig. The first recorded use of the word Danmark within Denmark itself is found on the two Jelling stones, which are believed to have been erected by Gorm the Old and Harald Bluetooth
For the town of the same name, see Aabenraa. Aabenraa Municipality is a municipality in the Region of Southern Denmark in southwestern Denmark, the municipality has an area of 940.7 km² and a total population of 59,051. Its largest town and the site of its council is the city of Aabenraa. The mayor of the municipality is Thomas Andresen, representing the Left party, the island of Barsø is located in the northeast corner of the municipality in the Little Belt. Major communities include Lundsbjerg near the capital, Sogard to the south, Felsted to the east, Løjt Kirkeby is connected by ferry service from the island of Barsø. A relatively great part of the German minority in Denmark lives in Aabenraa, where their German-language daily Der Nordschleswiger is published. From 1864 to 1920, the region was part of Prussia, in the Province of Schleswig-Holstein and it was formerly the seat of, respectively the German Kreis Apenrade and the Danish Aabenraa County. The municipality, including the island of Barsø, covered an area of 129 km² with a population of 22,132.
Its last mayor was Poul Thomsen, a member of the Venstre political party, a new Aabenraa municipality was formed on 1 January 2007 as the result of Kommunalreformen where the former municipality merged with Bov, Lundtoft, Rødekro, and Tinglev. Distribution of the 31 seats in the municipal council, Municipal information, borger. dk Municipal mergers and neighbors, Eniro new municipalities map Municipalitys official website Der Nordschleswiger
The municipality covers an area of 418 km², and has a total population of 59,040. Its mayor is Curt Sørensen, a member of the Social Democrats political party, the main town and the site of its municipal council is the city of Svendborg. South of the municipality separating that part located on Funen from the islands is Svendborg Strait. The Svendborgsund Bridge was opened in 1966, the Langelands Bridge was opened in 1962, and is Denmarks 10th longest bridge. Ferry service connects the municipality at the town of Svendborg to the islands of Skarø, Drejø, and Hjortø. On 1 January 2007 Svendborg municipality was, as the result of Kommunalreformen, merged with Gudme and Egebjerg municipalities to form an enlarged Svendborg municipality
Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost of the 16 states of Germany, comprising most of the historical duchy of Holstein and the southern part of the former Duchy of Schleswig. Its capital city is Kiel, other cities are Lübeck. Also known in more dated English as Sleswick-Holsatia, the Danish name is Slesvig-Holsten, the Low German name is Sleswig-Holsteen, the name can refer to a larger region, containing both present-day Schleswig-Holstein and the former South Jutland County in Denmark. The term Holstein derives from Old Saxon Holseta Land, originally, it referred to the central of the three Saxon tribes north of the River Elbe, Tedmarsgoi and Sturmarii. The area of the tribe of the Holsts was between the Stör River and Hamburg, and after Christianization, their church was in Schenefeld. Saxon Holstein became a part of the Holy Roman Empire after Charlemagnes Saxon campaigns in the eighth century. Since 811, the frontier of Holstein was marked by the River Eider. The term Schleswig comes from the city of Schleswig, around 1100, the Duke of Saxony gave Holstein, as it was his own country, to Count Adolf I of Schauenburg.
Schleswig and Holstein have at different times belonged in part or completely to either Denmark or Germany, the exception is that Schleswig had never been part of Germany until the Second Schleswig War in 1864. For many centuries, the King of Denmark was both a Danish Duke of Schleswig and a German Duke of Holstein, Schleswig was either integrated into Denmark or was a Danish fief, and Holstein was a German fief and once a sovereign state long ago. Both were for centuries ruled by the kings of Denmark. In the church, following the reformation, German was used in the part of Schleswig. This would prove decisive for shaping national sentiments in the population, the administration of both duchies was conducted in German, despite the fact that they were governed from Copenhagen. The German national awakening that followed the Napoleonic Wars gave rise to a popular movement in Holstein. This development was paralleled by an equally strong Danish national awakening in Denmark and this movement called for the complete reintegration of Schleswig into the Kingdom of Denmark and demanded an end to discrimination against Danes in Schleswig.
The ensuing conflict is called the Schleswig-Holstein Question. e. Not only in the Kingdom of Denmark, but to Danes living in Schleswig, they demanded protection for the Danish language in Schleswig. A liberal constitution for Holstein was not seriously considered in Copenhagen and these demands were rejected by the Danish government in 1848, and the Germans of Holstein and southern Schleswig rebelled
Odense Municipality, is a Danish municipality in Region of Southern Denmark on the island of Funen in central Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 304.34 km2, and has a population of 196,090 and it is the most populous municipality in Region of Southern Denmark. Odenses mayor is Anker Boye, representing the Social Democrats, the main town and the site of its municipal council is the city of Odense. Including the social sector,17,000 people are employed by the municipality, the municipal budget is 6,881 million DKK. Odense is the home of 13 private schools, neighboring municipalities are Kerteminde to the east, Faaborg-Midtfyn to the south, Assens to the west, and Nordfyn to the north. A motorway built 2006-2009 connects Odense to the islands second-largest city, the town of Odense is a major stop on the national railroad system lines. Odense municipality is located near the Odense Fjord, the Odense Canal flows out from the fjord and forms three ports in the citys industrial area. The Odense River flows out from the fjord and meanders through the municipality, including Odense town center where Sankt Jørgens Park, the river springs from Lake Arreskov in Faaborg-Midtfyn municipality.
The highest point in the municipality is Dyred Banke, Odense municipality was not merged with other municipalities by 1 January 2007 as the result of the nationwide Kommunalreformen. Odense belonged to Funen County 1970-2006 and before this to Odense County, Danish city council members are elected for four-year terms. Last election took place in 2009 and councillors assumed office on 1 January 2010, the 2009 election was a victory for the left wing as the Social Democrats ousted conservative Jan Boye after his one term as mayor. That was, the outcome of an election result for the Socialist Peoples Party. For more detailed results, http, //www. kmdvalg. dk/kv/2009/k84733461. htm The current mayor of Odense Municipality and his first term was from 1993 to 2005 when he was defeated by Jan Boye, a Conservative. He was re-elected in the 2009 election, forming a coalition with the Red–Green Alliance, the Socialist Peoples Party, the following is a list of mayors since 1792, The municipality of Odense is divided into 11 different sectors.
Neighbourhoods and surrounding villages of the city of Odense include, Odense is the third largest city in Denmark, the first record of its existence dates from 988 and the town celebrated its 1, 000th anniversary in 1988. The name refers to Odin in Norse mythology— Odins Vi, the shrine of Canute the Saint was a great resort of pilgrims throughout the Middle Ages. His relics are preserved in Saint Canutes Cathedral. In the 16th century the town was the meeting-place of several parliaments, denmarks famous author and poet Hans Christian Andersen was born in Odense on 2 April 1805
Fredericia municipality is a municipality on the east coast of the Jutland peninsula in south-central Denmark. It belongs to Region of Southern Denmark, covers an area of 134.46 km², the Mayor is Jacob Bjerregaard, representing the Social Democrats political party. The municipalitys main town and the site of its council is the city of Fredericia.5 km apart. Snævringen is an extension of the Kattegat, and begins near the cities of Fredericia, the municipality was created as the result of the kommunalreform in 1970. Fredericia municipality was not merged with other municipalities in the 2007 nationwide Kommunalreformen, before 2007, the municipality was surrounded by the municipalities of Børkop to the north, Kolding to the west, and Middelfart to the east and belonged to Vejle County. The city is one of Denmarks largest traffic hubs, and is home to the armys Signals Regiment, which is located at Ryes Barracks and Bülows Barracks
Varde is a Danish city in southwestern Jutland and is the primary city in the municipality of Varde, in Region of Southern Denmark. In 2015 municipality changed its motto to We in nature to emphasize its rural atmosphere, the town has an old market environment and is located by Varde stream/river and is a short distance away from the beaches by the North Sea. These features make it a popular tourist destination, the age of Varde is not known precisely, but it is mentioned in written sources from 1107 A. D. and is therefore thought have been founded sometime in the early Middle Ages. Early on the name of Varde is presented in 2 different versions Warwath, War is identical in both and is believed to mean grassland, maybe beach or in other ways uncultivated area. The suffixes wath and wick are believed to mean respectively ford, the differing versions of the name occur quite naturally, depending on where you are located on ground or on water. As with other older Danish towns, Varde is located, where the countryside in different ways favors human settlement and other human activity.
Vardehus was the center of the district and from this base of power a royal official governed the shire of Varde a sizeable area corresponding to the former Ribe Amt. On the greater scale Varde has never been a big town, written sources from the 12th century repeatedly mention the royal official/caretaker in Varde. In his capacity of being the representative of the king in the shire of Varde, the oldest castle lay to the vest of the town, by the stream/river of Varde. Around the beginning of the 14th century Vardehus was moved to an islet in the stream/river near the edge of the town. During an uprising in 1439 this new Vardehus II was stormed and destroyed by rebel farmers, that same year the council of the state retaliated by burning down the town of Varde. Lesser excavations have been made on both sites, and the findings are kept in Varde museum and it is known, that during the Viking ages there was a camp near the school of Sct. The borough sigil of Varde is the oldest town arms in Denmark and it depicts a blue shield with a walking golden leopard with a red tongue.
It looks somewhat like a lion, but golden leopard is the official denomination, although the royal letter of privilege from 1442 has been long lost, the text is known from a transcript from 1648. By the town square of Varde lays amongst others the Church of Sct. Jacob from the 12th century, Sillasens house from 1797, around 1900 there was a livestock market on the town square, and for a period in the middle of the 20th century a bus station. 2014/2015 the town square was renovated/renewed as it was in 2003,2003 landscape architect Charlotte Horn was inspired by the stream/river of Varde and the characteristic Varde clam with the black pearl, when reshaping the town square. In front of the old hall of Varde is a basin with a big black round rock symbolizing the Varde pearl. From here a stream symbolizing the stream/river of Varde runs through a part of the town square, the webcam of the library of Varde takes pictures of the square around the clock and here the stream is visible
Vejle Municipality is a municipality in the Region of Southern Denmark on the Jutland peninsula in southeast Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 1,058.43 km2 (www. noegletal. dk] and its mayor is Arne Sigtenbjerggaard, a member of the liberal party Venstre. Vejle Municipalitys offices are located in its largest population center, the city of Vejle, the central administration of the Region of Southern Denmark is in Vejle, located in the former Vejle County offices at Damhaven 12