Regional council (Israel)
Regional councils are one of the three types of Israel's local government entities, with the other two being cities and local councils. As of 2019, there were 54 regional councils responsible for governing a number of settlements spread across rural areas. Regional councils include representation of anywhere between 3 and 54 communities spread over a large area within geographical vicinity of each other; each community within a regional council does not exceed 2000 in population and is managed by a local committee. This committee sends representatives to the administering regional council proportionate to their size of membership and according to an index, fixed before each election; those settlements without an administrative council do not send any representatives to the regional council, instead being dealt by it directly. Representatives from those settlements which are represented directly are either chosen directly or through an election; the predominant form of communities represented on regional councils are moshavim.
The following sortable table lists all 53 regional councils by name, the district or area according to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. The list includes the regional councils in the Golan Heights and the West Bank, areas considered occupied territories under international law, although the Israeli government disputes this. City council Local council List of Israeli cities Local Government in Israel; the Knesset Lexicon of Terms. 2009
Regional Council (Hong Kong)
The Regional Council was a municipal council in Hong Kong responsible for municipal services in the New Territories. Its services were provided by the Regional Services Department, the executive arm of the Regional Council, its headquarters were located near Sha Tin Station. Technically, only Hong Kong Island and New Kowloon were within the purview of the Urban Council, but the Urban Services Department, the executive arm of the Urban Council, began servicing the New Territories with its establishment in 1953. Following public consultation, a Provisional Regional Council was established on 1 April 1985 under the auspices of the colonial Hong Kong Government, to provide for the New Territories what the Urban Council did for Hong Kong Island and Kowloon. Like the Urban Council, the Regional Council was created in 1986 as an elected body comprising representatives from constituencies and district boards. In 1986, planning began for the council's headquarters building; until permanent premises were built, departments of the Regional Council were scattered around various buildings in Tsim Sha Tsui.
A site was selected near Sha Tin Town Centre and construction began in April 1989. It was opened on 27 September 1991 by Lady Wilson; the building consisted of a low block, housing the council chambers, alongside a 20-storey tower home to the various units of the Regional Services Department. The building was designed by Peter Keeping, a senior architect of the Architectural Services Department, cost $200 million; the entrance is guarded by two marble lions made in Beijing. Today the building is the headquarters of Cultural Services Department; the Regional Council structure comprised the full Regional Council, functional select committees, district committees, sub-committees. Three functional select committees were planned: the Ways and Means Select Committee, the Environmental Hygiene Select Committee, the Recreation and Culture Select Committee, they were joined by the Liquor Licensing Board at the founding of the council in 1986, in 1987 the Ways and Means Select Committee was split into two committees: the Capital Works Select Committee and the Finance and Administration Select Committee.
From 4 July 1997, the Recreation and Culture Select Committee was separated into the Culture and Arts Select Committee and the Recreation and Sports Committee, forming an eventual six select committees by the time the council was dissolved. The nine district committees were as follows: Islands. After the transfer of sovereignty in 1997, the name was once again changed to Provisional Regional Council, consisting of members of the pre-handover RegCo, new members appointed by the Chief Executive; the council was dissolved on 31 December 1999 together with the Provisional Urban Council under the then-Chief Executive Tung Chee Hwa's plan to streamline and centralise municipal services as part of his government policy reforms. The Regional Council and Urban Council had, since 1998, jointly objected to this plan, putting forward an alternative merger proposal entitled "One Council, One Department", not accepted by the government; the final chairman commented: "Subsequent to establishment, marked improvements had been made to the cultural and entertainment services and facilities of the region, they were regarded and cherished by the local community in the New Territories.
It is therefore a great pity to see the dissolution of the council in such haste and by such a murky decision based on unconvincing arguments. Although it was clear to all of us that, with experiences acquired from serving the council for more than a decade, we could do more and better for the people of Hong Kong." The functions of the councils were replaced by two newly established government departments, the Food and Environmental Hygiene Department and the Leisure and Cultural Services Department. The former Regional Council Headquarters is now home to the Leisure and Cultural Services Department; the archives of the two municipal councils are held by the Hong Kong Public Libraries, are available online in digitised form. Cheung Yan-lung Lam Wai-keung Lau Wong-fat Lau, Y. W.. A History of the Municipal Councils of Hong Kong 1883-1999. Hong Kong: Leisure and Cultural Services Department. ISBN 962-7039-41-1. Food and Environmental Hygiene Department Leisure and Cultural Services Department
Halifax Regional Council
Halifax Regional Council is the governing body of Halifax, formally known as the Halifax Regional Municipality. Halifax is governed by a mayor-council system, where councillors are elected from sixteen geographic districts though a first past the post system and the Mayor is elected via a municipality wide first past the post vote. Halifax Regional Council was consisted of twenty-three councillors and one mayor, it was reduced in size to sixteen councillors and the mayor in 2012. The council meets at Halifax City Hall; the powers and authority of Halifax are laid out in the Halifax Regional Municipality Charter. Halifax Regional Council has established Standing Committees, Community Councils and Advisory Committees to aid in policy development and decision making. Standing Committees are composed of Councillors, have responsibility over key functional areas of the municipality, such as transportation or the environment, can propose, debate prior to forwarding reports to Council with recommendations.
Community Councils are composed of Councillors and have perview over development, land use and community issues in their geographic area, as well as appointments to Standing Committees. Advisory committees include Councillors and citizens, provide specific advice; each Councillor sits on two Standing Committees, one or more external boards, one or more advisory committees. The Mayor is entitled to one vote. Residents can only make presentations to committees and community councils, not Regional Council, either through formal presentations prior to or public participation at the end of each meeting. There are six standing committees of Regional Council; each committee has six members. The Executive Committee is composed of the Mayor, Deputy Mayor, Chair or designated representative appointed by each of the other five standing committees; the remaining five standing committees are appointed through a process that sees each Community Council appoint a representative to ensure geographic balance, the remaining three members appointed by Council based on expressions of interest.
Executive Standing Committee Appeals Standing Committee Audit & Finance Standing Committee Community Planning & Economic Development Standing Committee Environment & Sustainability Standing Committee Transportation Standing Committee There are eighteen advisory committees of Council, 12 appointed by Regional Counci and reporting to it through the Standing Committees, 6 appointed by and reporting to Community Councils. Accessibility Advisory Committee Active Transportation Advisory Committee ArtsHalifax Advisory Committee Community Design Advisory Committee Design Review Committee Grants Committee Halifax Explosion 100th Anniversary Advisory Committee Heritage Advisory Committee Investment Policy Advisory Committee Port Wallace Community Public Participation Committee Regional Watersheds Advisory Board Special Events Advisory Committee Districts 7 & 8 Planning Advisory Committee North West Planning Advisory Committee Point Pleasant Park Advisory Committee St. Margaret's Bay Coastal Planning Advisory Committee Western Common Advisory Committee There are two broad types of boards and commission to which HRM appoints Councillors and citizens.
First, there are four boards of the regional municipality described by provincial statute that function as arms length boards delivering municipal services, or managing municipal assets. The second are external boards that have been established by other levels of government, are organizations that HRM is a voluntary member of or via contract with HRM but are not subject to direct control by the municipality. Halifax Board of Police Commissioners Halifax Regional Library Board Halifax Regional Water Commission Shubenacadie Canal Commission Alderney Landing Business Associations & Commissions Canadian Urban Transit Association Otter Lake Community Monitoring Committee Destination Halifax Federation of Canadian Municipalities Halifax Partnership Halifax Harbour Bridges Halifax International Airport Authority Board Halifax Port Authority Metropolitan Regional Housing Authority Trade Centre Limited Union of Nova Scotia Municipalities A Community Council in Nova Scotia's Halifax Regional Municipality is a form of local government consisting of several councillors from the larger Halifax Regional Council.
Community councils represent a geographic area covering anywhere from five to six municipal districts where councillors consider local matters, make recommendations to Halifax Regional Council, provide opportunities for public input. The current community councils were adopted after the 2012 election. Halifax & West Community Council Harbour East - Marine Drive Community Council North West Community Council The Office of the Mayor is located on the third floor of Halifax City Hall. Staffing roles and hiring are directed by the Mayor with the support of the CAO; the current staff of the office consists of Chief of Staff Special Assistant to the Mayor Senior Policy Advisor Community Liaison Coordinator Administrative Support Administrative Assistant The Council Support Office is located on the fourth floor of Halifax City Hall, with one remote office in Musquodoboit Harbour, staffed part time, other unstaffed offices in municipal buildings in some districts. Staffing roles and hiring are the responsibility of the Manager Council Support under the office of the CAO.
The current staff of the office consists of nine full time and two part time staff, including the manager. Elections are held every four years on leap years. By-elections for council seats have been held in 1998, 1999, 2003, 2006 and 2007 after some regional councillors were elected to the provincial