World War II
World War II known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries; the major participants threw their entire economic and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China, it included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, the only use of nuclear weapons in war. Japan, which aimed to dominate Asia and the Pacific, was at war with China by 1937, though neither side had declared war on the other. World War II is said to have begun on 1 September 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Germany and subsequent declarations of war on Germany by France and the United Kingdom.
From late 1939 to early 1941, in a series of campaigns and treaties, Germany conquered or controlled much of continental Europe, formed the Axis alliance with Italy and Japan. Under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of August 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union partitioned and annexed territories of their European neighbours, Finland and the Baltic states. Following the onset of campaigns in North Africa and East Africa, the fall of France in mid 1940, the war continued between the European Axis powers and the British Empire. War in the Balkans, the aerial Battle of Britain, the Blitz, the long Battle of the Atlantic followed. On 22 June 1941, the European Axis powers launched an invasion of the Soviet Union, opening the largest land theatre of war in history; this Eastern Front trapped most crucially the German Wehrmacht, into a war of attrition. In December 1941, Japan launched a surprise attack on the United States as well as European colonies in the Pacific. Following an immediate U. S. declaration of war against Japan, supported by one from Great Britain, the European Axis powers declared war on the U.
S. in solidarity with their Japanese ally. Rapid Japanese conquests over much of the Western Pacific ensued, perceived by many in Asia as liberation from Western dominance and resulting in the support of several armies from defeated territories; the Axis advance in the Pacific halted in 1942. Key setbacks in 1943, which included a series of German defeats on the Eastern Front, the Allied invasions of Sicily and Italy, Allied victories in the Pacific, cost the Axis its initiative and forced it into strategic retreat on all fronts. In 1944, the Western Allies invaded German-occupied France, while the Soviet Union regained its territorial losses and turned toward Germany and its allies. During 1944 and 1945 the Japanese suffered major reverses in mainland Asia in Central China, South China and Burma, while the Allies crippled the Japanese Navy and captured key Western Pacific islands; the war in Europe concluded with an invasion of Germany by the Western Allies and the Soviet Union, culminating in the capture of Berlin by Soviet troops, the suicide of Adolf Hitler and the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945.
Following the Potsdam Declaration by the Allies on 26 July 1945 and the refusal of Japan to surrender under its terms, the United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August respectively. With an invasion of the Japanese archipelago imminent, the possibility of additional atomic bombings, the Soviet entry into the war against Japan and its invasion of Manchuria, Japan announced its intention to surrender on 15 August 1945, cementing total victory in Asia for the Allies. Tribunals were set up by fiat by the Allies and war crimes trials were conducted in the wake of the war both against the Germans and the Japanese. World War II changed the political social structure of the globe; the United Nations was established to foster international co-operation and prevent future conflicts. The Soviet Union and United States emerged as rival superpowers, setting the stage for the nearly half-century long Cold War. In the wake of European devastation, the influence of its great powers waned, triggering the decolonisation of Africa and Asia.
Most countries whose industries had been damaged moved towards economic expansion. Political integration in Europe, emerged as an effort to end pre-war enmities and create a common identity; the start of the war in Europe is held to be 1 September 1939, beginning with the German invasion of Poland. The dates for the beginning of war in the Pacific include the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War on 7 July 1937, or the Japanese invasion of Manchuria on 19 September 1931. Others follow the British historian A. J. P. Taylor, who held that the Sino-Japanese War and war in Europe and its colonies occurred and the two wars merged in 1941; this article uses the conventional dating. Other starting dates sometimes used for World War II include the Italian invasion of Abyssinia on 3 October 1935; the British historian Antony Beevor views the beginning of World War II as the Battles of Khalkhin Gol fought between Japan and the fo
Guyana national cricket team
The Guyana cricket team is the representative first class cricket team of Guyana. It does not take part in any international competitions, but rather in inter-regional competitions in the Caribbean, such as the West Indies' Professional Cricket League, the best players may be selected for the West Indies team, which plays international cricket; the team competes in the Professional Cricket League under the franchise name Guyana Jaguars. Guyana has won the domestic first class title seven times since its inception in 1965–66, the third highest number of wins, behind Barbados and Jamaica. In one-day cricket, Guyana reached the final of the domestic competition four times in the early 2000s, but the last victory was in 2005–06, they have won the KFC Cup a total of nine times – including two shared titles –, the most by any competing team and Tobago coming closest with seven. The cricket team has been known under two other names – they were first known as Demerara when they played in the first first-class cricket game of the West Indies, against Barbados in 1865, they retained that name until 1899, when it was changed to British Guiana.
The name of British Guiana stuck until 1965–66, when the nation and thus the team changed to its current name. From 1971 until the mid-1980s two regional sides competed in an annual first class match for the Jones Cup and the Guystac Trophy; the list of prominent cricketers who have played for Guyana includes Basil Butcher, Shivnarine Chanderpaul, Colin Croft, Roy Fredericks, Lance Gibbs, Roger Harper, Carl Hooper, Alvin Kallicharran, Rohan Kanhai, Clive Lloyd and Ramnaresh Sarwan. In June 2018, Guyana was named the Best First-Class Team of the Year at the annual Cricket West Indies' Awards. Guyana's main home ground used to be the Bourda ground in Georgetown, where they have played 131 of their 181 first class home games, which has hosted 30 Test matches with the West Indies. Other grounds include the Albion Sports Complex in the Berbice region, which has hosted 24 Guyana matches and five ODIs, from 1997–98 Guyana began to use the Enmore Recreation Ground, East Coast Demerara, where they have played five games.
In the last few years, Guyana have played nearly all their home matches at the Guyana National Stadium at Providence, East Bank Demerara. Listed below are players who have represented Guyana in either the 2018–19 Regional Four Day Competition or the 2018–19 Regional Super50. Players with international caps are listed in bold. Source: Regional Four Day Competition, Regional Super50 Regional Four Day Competition: 1972–73, 1974–75, 1982–83, 1986–87, 1992–93, 1997–98, 2014-15, 2015-16 Domestic one-day competition: 1979–80, 1982–83, 1984–85, 1992–93, 1995–96, 1998–99, 2001–02, 2003–04, 2005–06 Caribbean Twenty20: 2010 Inter-Colonial Tournament: 1895–96, 1929–30, 1934–35, 1935–36, 1937–38 Stanford 20/20: 2008 List of international cricketers from Guyana Cricinfo CricketArchive 2005–06 KFC Cup Squad from Cricinfo
Digicel is a mobile phone network provider operating in 33 markets across the Caribbean, Central America, Oceania regions. The company is owned by the Irish billionaire Denis O'Brien, is incorporated in Bermuda, based in Jamaica, it has about 14 million wireless users. Digicel is present in Anguilla and Barbuda, Barbados, Bonaire, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Curaçao, Dominica, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Guyana, Jamaica, Nauru, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Martin and Saint Barth, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Tonga, Trinidad & Tobago and Caicos, Vanuatu. Wireless service in the Caribbean had been under the control of the large British company Cable & Wireless, the longtime provider of telecommunications services in the region. Cable & Wireless had little competition or incentive to change, wireless service was considered expensive and poor in quality by Caribbean customers. In 2001, Jamaica decided to open its phone market up for competition.
Digicel, owned by Irish entrepreneur Denis O'Brien, first established itself in April 2001 in Jamaica. It grew to 100,000 customers there in 100 days. In the ten years since the initial launch, Digicel's Jamaican customer base has grown to over two million users; the company has a market share of over 70% in Jamaica. In Haiti, where they launched operations in May 2006, the company now has 2.4 million customers making Haiti Digicel's largest customer base to date. The majority of Digicel networks started up in countries where the telecommunications market had been newly liberalised; as a result, there have been numerous rows between Digicel executives and former state incumbent operators over interconnect agreements. This has led to Digicel taking some incumbent operators to court. In 2006, Digicel expanded into the Central American mainland as well as the Pacific. On September 2006, Digicel acquired an unrelated mobile phone provider Digicel Holdings in El Salvador, rebranding it as El Nuevo Digicel.
Digicel El Salvador has now overtaken Claro as number two operator in the country. In December 2007, Digicel won a competitive bid for a mobile license in Honduras and Digicel won a licence to operate in Panama in May 2008. Digicel launched in Honduras and the British Virgin Islands in November 2008 and in Panama in December 2008. In 2007, Digicel expanded their presence in South America and in the country of Guyana, acquiring U*Mobile, now rebranded as Digicel Guyana Ltd as well as launching in Suriname in December 2007 and French Guiana in June 2006. In February 2011, Digicel took a controlling stake in Netxar Technologies, the leading systems integrator in the Caribbean region. Digicel has coverage in St. Martin and St. Barts in the Caribbean. In March 2011, Digicel sold its operations in Honduras and El Salvador to Mexican telecom giant America Movil, in turn America Movil sold all of its operations in Jamaica to Digicel; the latter actions strengthened America Movil's dominance of the Latin American market, while Digicel strengthened its hold on its domestic market.
In March 2012, Digicel made the acquisition of Comcel / Voila, its main competitor in Haiti, for $97 million. The company's largest competitor in the Caribbean region is FLOW, an outgrowth of Cable & Wireless and Liberty Global. In Latin America, their largest competitors are Claro Americas, part of América Móvil and Tigo. Digicel announced that it would invest $9 billion in a mobile phone network in Myanmar, which has no telephone infrastructure. Digicel plans to have 96 percent coverage in Myanmar by the end of 2015. However, Digicel lost the bid to Ooredoo to get license in Myanmar. In 2006, Digicel expanded into the Pacific. Digicel's sister operation in the Pacific Islands region operates in Samoa and in Papua New Guinea running at 900 MHz GSM with GPRS & Edge data services and in PNG Digicel is now rolling out 3G UMTS/HSPA+ data services via 900 MHz, Tonga, Nauru as well as an experimental license in the Solomon Islands and Tahiti. Digicel Fiji on 3 November 2010 changed its logo with a shade of blue in the last letters "cel".
The blue colour represents the background colour of the Fiji flag and coincided with Digicel Fiji's new ad campaign slogan "Fiji Matters To Us". Digicel Mobile Money launched in Fiji in July 2010 with subsequent deployments in Tonga, Samoa and Nauru and Papua New Guinea in progress. In Vanuatu, similar to other countries, Digicel reduced the cost of mobile phone ownership making it available to a much larger number of the population. At launch the cost of a phone was 500 vatu compared to the over 1,000 vatu for the incumbent operator Telecom Vanuatu Limited with its Smile network. In addition, Digicel was the first to deploy mobile money services in these countries creating an ecosystem of agents that includes the main commercial banks ANZ Bank, BSP, National Bank Vanuatu as well as key money movers such as PostFiji and VanuatuPost; the service has been supported by The Pacific Financial Inclusion Program, AusAid and GSM Association's Mobile Money for the Unbanked initiative. See Digicel Play.
Attempts by the Jamaican telecoms regulator, the Office of Utilities Regulation, to regulate the Jamaican telecoms market resulted in a drawn-out court battle with Digicel, throughout the 2000s. In April 2002, Phillip Paulwell, the Jamaican minister of industry and technology, in response to a complaint from Digicel, instructed the OUR to refrain from interfering with the pricing policies of Digicel. At the time, Digicel had been charging Cable and Wireless an interconnectivity fee each time Cab
A round-robin tournament is a competition in which each contestant meets all other contestants in turn. A round-robin contrasts with an elimination tournament, in which participants are eliminated after a certain number of losses; the term round-robin is derived from the French term ruban, meaning "ribbon". Over a long period of time, the term was idiomized to robin. In a single round-robin schedule, each participant plays every other participant once. If each participant plays all others twice, this is called a double round-robin; the term is used when all participants play one another more than twice, is never used when one participant plays others an unequal number of times. In the United Kingdom, a round-robin tournament is called an American tournament in sports such as tennis or billiards which have knockout tournaments. In Italian it is called girone all'italiana. In Serbian it is called the Berger system, after chess player Johann Berger. A round-robin tournament with four players is sometimes called "quad" or "foursome".
In sports with a large number of competitive matches per season, double round-robins are common. Most association football leagues in the world are organized on a double round-robin basis, in which every team plays all others in its league once at home and once away; this system is used in qualification for major tournaments such as the FIFA World Cup and the continental tournaments. There are round-robin bridge, draughts, go, curling and Scrabble tournaments; the World Chess Championship decided in 2005 and in 2007 on an eight-player double round-robin tournament where each player faces every other player once as white and once as black. Group tournaments rankings go by number of matches won and drawn, with any of a variety of tiebreaker criteria. Pool stages within a wider tournament are conducted on a round-robin basis. Examples with single round-robin scheduling include the FIFA World Cup, UEFA European Football Championship, UEFA Cup in football, Super Rugby in the Southern Hemisphere during its past iterations as Super 12 and Super 14, the Cricket World Cup along Pakistan Super League & Indian Premier League, the two major Twenty-20 Cricket tournaments, ] and many American Football college conferences, such as the Big 12.
The group phases of the UEFA Champions League and Copa Libertadores de América are contested as a double round-robin, as are most basketball leagues outside the United States, including the regular-season and Top 16 phases of the Euroleague. Season ending tennis tournaments use a round robin format prior to the semi on stages The champion, in a round-robin tournament, is the contestant that wins the most games. In the circle of death, it is possible that no champion emerges from a round-robin tournament if there is no draw. In theory, a round-robin tournament is the fairest way to determine the champion from among a known and fixed number of contestants; each contestant, whether player or team, has equal chances against all other opponents because there is no prior seeding of contestants that will preclude a match between any given pair. The element of luck is seen to be reduced as compared to a knockout system since one or two bad performances need not cripple a competitor's chance of ultimate victory.
Final records of participants are more accurate as they represent the results over a longer period against the same opposition. This can be used to determine which teams are the poorest performers and thus subject to relegation if the format is used in a multi-tiered league; this is helpful to determine the final rank of all competitors, from strongest to weakest, for purposes of qualification for another stage or competition as well as for prize money. In team sport the major league champions are regarded as the "best" team in the land, rather than the cup winners. Moreover, in tournaments such as the FIFA or ICC world cups, a first round stage consisting of a number of mini round robins between groups of 4 teams guards against the possibility of a team travelling thousands of miles only to be eliminated after just one poor performance in a straight knockout system; the top one, two, or three teams in these groups proceed to a straight knockout stage for the remainder of the tournament. Round-robins can suffer from being too long compared to other tournament types, with scheduled games not having any substantial meaning.
They may require tiebreaking procedures. Swiss system tournaments attempt to combine elements of the round-robin and elimination formats, to provide a worthy champion using fewer rounds than a round-robin, while allowing draws and losses; the main disadvantage of a round robin tournament is the time needed to complete it. Unlike a knockout tournament where half of the participants are eliminated after each round, a round robin requires one round less than the number of participants if the number of participants is and as many rounds as participants if the number of participants is odd. For instance, a tournament of 16 teams can be completed in just 4 rounds in a knockout format. Other issues
ESPNcricinfo is a sports news website for the game of cricket. The site features news, live coverage of cricket matches, StatsGuru, a database of historical matches and players from the 18th century to the present; as of March 2018, Sambit Bal was the editor. The site conceived in a pre-World Wide Web form in 1993 by Dr Simon King, was acquired in 2002 by the Wisden Group—publishers of several notable cricket magazines and the Wisden Cricketers' Almanack; as part of an eventual breakup of the Wisden Group, it was sold to ESPN, jointly owned by The Walt Disney Company and Hearst Corporation, in 2007. CricInfo was launched on 15 March 1993 by Dr Simon King, a British researcher at the University of Minnesota, with help from students and researchers at universities around the world; the site was reliant on contributions from fans around the world who spent hours compiling electronic scorecards and contributing them to CricInfo's comprehensive archive, as well as keying in live scores from games around the world using CricInfo's scoring software, "dougie".
In 2000, Cricinfo's estimated worth was $150 million. Cricinfo's significant growth in the 1990s made it an attractive site for investors during the peak of the dotcom boom, in 2000 it received $37 million worth of Satyam Infoway Ltd. shares in exchange for a 25% stake in the company. It used around $22m worth of the paper to pay off initial investors but only raised about £6 million by selling the remaining stock. While the site continued to attract more and more users and operated on a low cost base, its income was not enough to support a peak staff of 130 in nine countries, forcing redundancies. By late 2002 the company was making a monthly operating profit and was one of few independent sports sites to avoid collapse. However, the business was still servicing a large loan. Cricinfo was acquired by Paul Getty's Wisden Group, the publisher of Wisden Cricketers' Almanack and The Wisden Cricketer, renamed Wisden Cricinfo; the Wisden brand were phased out in favor of Cricinfo for Wisden's online operations.
In December 2005, Wisden re-launched its discontinued Wisden Asia Cricket magazine as Cricinfo Magazine, a magazine dedicated to coverage of Indian cricket. The magazine published its last issue in July 2007. In 2006, revenue was reported to be £3m. In 2007, the Wisden Group began to be sold to other companies. In June 2007, ESPN Inc. announced. The acquisition was intended to help further expand Cricinfo by combining the site with ESPN's other web properties, including ESPN.com and ESPN Soccernet. Terms of the acquisition were not disclosed; as of 2018, Sambit Bal is the Editor-in-Chief of ESPNcricinfo. In 2013, ESPNcricinfo.com celebrated its 20 anniversary of founding with a series of online features. The annual ESPNcricinfo Awards have become an popular event in the cricket calendar. ESPNcricinfo's popularity was further demonstrated on 24 February 2010, when the site could not handle the heavy traffic experienced after the great Indian cricketer Sachin Tendulkar broke the record for the highest individual male score in a One Day International match with 200*.
ESPNcricinfo contains various news, blogs and fantasy sports games. Among its most popular feature are its liveblogs of cricket matches, which includes a bevy of scorecard options, allowing readers to track such aspects of the game as wagon wheels and partnership breakdowns. For each match, the live scores are accompanied by a bulletin, which details the turning points of the match and some of the off-field events; the site used to offer Cricinfo 3D, a feature which utilizes a match's scoring data to generate a 3D animated simulation of a live match. Regular columns on ESPNcricinfo include "All Today's Yesterdays", an "On this day" column focusing on historical cricket events, "Quote Unquote", which features notable quotes from cricketers and cricket administrators. "Ask Steven" is another regular section on ESPNCricinfo. It is a Tuesday column. Among its most extensive feature is StatsGuru, a database created by Travis Basevi, containing statistics on players, teams, information about cricket boards, details of future tournaments, individual teams, records.
In May 2014, ESPNcricinfo launched CricIQ, an online test to challenge every fan’s cricket knowledge. The Cricket Monthly claims itself to be the world’s first digital-only cricket magazine; the first issue was dated August 2014. ESPNcricinfo History of the first decade of Cricinfo by Badri Seshadri, September 26, 2013 CricInfo – How it all began by Rohan Chandran, 2013, with an insiders view of the who and what and comments by other pioneers
George Alphonso Headley OD, MBE was a West Indian cricketer who played 22 Test matches before the Second World War. Considered one of the best batsmen to play for the West Indies and one of the greatest cricketers of all time, Headley represented Jamaica and played professional club cricket in England. West Indies had a weak cricket team through most of Headley's playing career, he batted at number three, scoring 2,190 runs in Tests at an average of 60.83, 9,921 runs in all first-class matches at an average of 69.86. He was chosen as one of the Wisden Cricketers of the Year in 1934. Headley was born in Panama but raised in Jamaica where he established a cricketing reputation as a batsman, he soon gained his place in the Jamaican cricket team, narrowly missed selection for the West Indies tour of England in 1928. He made his Test debut in 1930, against England in Barbados, was successful. Further successes followed in series against Australia and in three more against England, as Headley dominated the West Indian batting of the period.
Following his tour of England in 1933, Headley signed as a professional at Haslingden in the Lancashire League, where he played until the outbreak of war in 1939. The war interrupted Headley's career. So, he was chosen as West Indies captain in 1948 against England, the first black player to be appointed to the position, although a combination of injuries and politics meant he only led his team for one Test match, he did not play Tests between 1949 and 1953, but resumed his career in English league cricket, first in Lancashire and in the Birmingham League. His playing career ended in 1954 on his return to Jamaica, after a public subscription paid his fare from England. After retiring as a player, Headley was employed as a cricket coach by the Jamaican government until 1962, he lived until 1983. Headley was born in the son of DeCourcy Headley and Irene Roberts. Neither of Headley's parents was from Panama. By the time Headley was five years old the Canal was complete, the family moved to Cuba in search of further employment.
In 1919, concerned by the amount of Spanish being spoken by her son, Headley's mother took him to Jamaica so he could be educated in an English-speaking school. Headley moved in with his mother's sister-in-law Mrs Clarence Smith, in Rae Town and remained with her until her death in 1933, his mother returned to Cuba, but exchanged letters with her son. He attended Calabar Elementary School, where he played for the school cricket team as a wicket-keeper, although a meagre sporting budget meant he had to do so without gloves, he continued his education at Kingston High School. Taking part in all-day cricket matches at the local Crabhole Park, Headley began to attract local attention, aged 16, he joined Raetown Cricket Club. In 1925 he scored his first century, batting at number three in the batting order in a match for Raetown against Clovelly. On leaving school, Headley was appointed as a temporary clerk in a magistrate's court; some impressive performances for the club earned him an invitation to practice with the Jamaica Colts team.
However, his job made it impossible to attend, he was not considered for the Jamaican side against Lord Tennyson's English touring side in 1927. That year, Headley began working for Keeling–Lindo Estates, in St Catherine; the firm were enthusiastic cricket patrons, allowing employees time off to play in matches, so that Headley was able to attend practice with the Jamaica team on a regular basis. He moved to the St Catherine Cricket Club, captained by his immediate superior in Keeling–Lindo. To generate more income, Headley took a second job, working for the Jamaica Fruit and Shipping Company, but he wanted a secure profession. To this end, he planned to move to America to pursue a career in dentistry. However, he was now on the verge of the Jamaica team and a delay in the arrival of the application forms for his American work permit allowed him to make his first-class debut for Jamaica against another touring team led by Lord Tennyson. Headley made his Jamaica debut against Lord Tennyson's XI at Sabina Park on 9 February 1928, in a match won by the home team.
Batting at number three, his first innings yielded 16 runs, but in the second innings, he scored 71, reaching fifty runs in as many minutes. In the second game against Lord Tennyson's XI which began in Kingston on 18 February, Headley scored his maiden first-class century. Having scored 22 not out after the first day's play, he reached 50 runs by playing carefully but subsequently played more adventurous shots, he hit the bowling of Alan Hilder for four consecutive fours and twice hit Lord Tennyson for three fours in a row. At one point, thirteen of his scoring shots in a row went for four, he was out for 211, the highest score at the time by a West Indian batsman against an English team. After the innings, Tennyson compared Headley to Victor Trumper and Charlie Macartney, batsmen considered among the best who played. Headley concluded the series against Tennyson's team with innings of 40 and 71, to give him an aggregate of 409 runs at an average of 81.80. He took his maiden first class
Leeward Islands cricket team
The Leeward Islands cricket team is a first class cricket team representing the member countries of the Leeward Islands Cricket Association, a regional association which again is part of the West Indies Cricket Board. Contrary to the normal English definition of the Leeward Islands, Dominica is not included – for cricketing purposes Dominica is a part of the Windward Islands; as such and Barbuda, Saint Kitts, Anguilla, British Virgin Islands, US Virgin Islands and Sint Maarten are all part of the Leeward Islands Cricket Association. The team does not take part in any international competitions, but rather in inter-regional competitions in the Caribbean, such as the West Indies' Professional Cricket League, the best players may be selected for the West Indies team, which plays international cricket; the team competes in the Professional Cricket League under the franchise name Leeward Islands Hurricanes. The Leeward Islands has won a total of ten domestic titles – four in first class cricket and six in one-day cricket, but their last title was in 1997–98 when they won the double.
The Leeward Islands played their inaugural first-class game in 1958, lost by an innings and 19 runs to Jamaica. However, their first win did not come until 1968–69, when they beat Guyana by 43 runs at the Warner Park Sporting Complex ground. From 1965–66 to 1980–81 the team competed as the Combined Islands in first-class cricket, along with the best cricketers from the Windward Islands. However, when regular one-day competitions began in 1975–76 the island groups were separate, the Leeward Islands won on their third outing in 1977–78. In 1981–82 the Leeward Islands made their debut in the Shell Shield with a 57-run win over the Windward Islands, but it was to take eight seasons until they could lift the first-class trophy – which by had been renamed the Red Stripe Cup. From 1989–90 to 1997–98, the Leeward Islands won five first-class titles and four one-day titles, but since they have failed to win any major trophy in the West Indies. Listed below are players who have represented the Leeward Islands in either the 2016–17 Regional Four Day Competition or the 2016–17 Regional Super50.
Players with international caps are listed in bold. Source: Regional Four Day Competition, Regional Super50 The list of prominent cricketers who have represented the Leeward Islands includes: Curtly Ambrose Kenny Benjamin Winston Benjamin Ridley Jacobs Viv Richards Richie Richardson Andy Roberts Eldine Baptiste Sylvester Joseph Sheldon Cotterell Keith Arthurton Derick Parry Stuart Williams Runako Morton Kieran Powell Omari Banks Lionel Baker Adam Sanford The Leeward Islands play cricket on all the islands, though the only ground to have seen Test cricket is the Antigua Recreation Ground. However, their last match at the ARG was in February 2009, while another traditional ground, Warner Park in St Kitts, with 28 first-class games with Leeward Islands, was revamped for the 2007 Cricket World Cup. In the 2004–05 season, the Leeward Islands played their home games at Salem Oval, Edgar Gilbert Sporting Complex, Carib Lumber Ball Park, Addelita Cancryn Junior High School Ground and Grove Park. Regional Four Day Competition: 1989–90, 1993–94, 1995–96, 1997–98 Domestic one-day competition: 1977–78, 1981–82, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1994–95, 1997–98, 2010–11 Cricinfo Leeward Islands at CricketArchive Leeward Islands Cricket – Info from West Indies Cricket Board