Reuven "Ruvi" Rivlin is an Israeli politician and lawyer serving as the 10th and current President of Israel since 2014. He is a member of the Likud party. Rivlin was Minister of Communications from 2001 to 2003, subsequently served as Speaker of the Knesset from 2003 to 2006, again from 2009 to 2013. On 10 June 2014, he was elected President of Israel. Rivlin argues for a Greater Israel that would embrace all people and give the Palestinians of the West Bank and Gaza full Israeli citizenship, he is a strong supporter of minority rights for Arab Israelis. He supports the one-state solution to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. Rivlin is fluent in Arabic. Reuven Rivlin was born in Jerusalem during the Mandate era to the Rivlin family, which has lived in Jerusalem since 1809, he is a descendant of students of the Vilna Gaon. His parents were Rachel "Ray" Rivlin and Yosef Yoel Rivlin, who created the first Hebrew edition of the Koran and, a candidate for third president of Israel. Rivlin attended Gymnasia Rehavia high school, served in the Intelligence Corps of the Israel Defense Forces.
During the Six-Day War, he fought with the Jerusalem Brigade and accompanied the Paratroopers Brigade as an intelligence officer. After military service, he studied law at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Before entering politics, Rivlin served as legal advisor of the Beitar Jerusalem Sports Association, manager of the Beitar football team, chairman of the association, he was first elected to the 12th Knesset in 1988, served as Likud chairman from 1988 to 1993. He returned to the Knesset following the 1996 elections. Re-elected in 1999, he was appointed Minister of Communications in March 2001, serving until February 2003, when he was elected Knesset Speaker following the 2003 elections. During his term as Speaker, he was criticized for breaking the tradition of political neutrality of the post. Rivlin was re-elected in 2006 and 2009, he ran in the 2007 election for President as the Likud candidate. He withdrew after the first round of voting when it became clear that Kadima MK Shimon Peres had sufficiently broad support to win in a run-off.
On 30 March 2009, the Knesset elected Rivlin as Speaker with a majority of 90 votes out of 120. For his first official visit as Knesset Speaker, he chose the Arab-Israeli town of Umm al-Fahm, just south of the Galilee, he was accompanied by a resident of the city. Since 1999, Rivlin has employed Rivka Ravitz, a Haredi woman, first as his bureau chief and campaign advisor, upon his election to President, as his chief of staff. Ravitz is credited with managing Rivlin's successful campaigns for Knesset Speaker and President of Israel, accompanies him on his local appearances, as well as visits to foreign heads of state. Rivlin was elected as the 10th President of Israel on 10 June 2014, receiving the support of 63 MKs in a runoff vote against MK Meir Sheetrit. In his bid to become President, he won support from both Arab legislators who appreciated his courtesy, from right-wingers like Naftali Bennett and Danny Danon, who join him in a desire to make the West Bank a part of Israel proper. Rivlin was sworn in on 24 July 2014.
Upon his election as President, he ceased being a member of the Israeli Parliament. On March 25, 2015, Rivlin, in his role as President chartered Benjamin Netanyahu with the assignment of forming a new government following elections the previous week. In his remarks during the ceremony, Rivlin noted that the first priority of the new government should be to mend the frayed relationship Israel's government has with the United States, he expressed his disapproval of Netanyahu's election day exhortation that Arab voters were being bused to polling booths by NGOs and were voting "in droves". "One, afraid of votes in a ballot box will see stones thrown in the streets", said Rivlin. Other critical issues he recommended the new government address included establishing greater stability to avoid early elections and "healing the wounds, mending the painful rifts, which have gaped open in the past years, widened further in the course of this recent election". In July 2015, following Rivlin's condemnation of the firebombing of a Palestinian home by suspected Jewish extremists that resulted in the death of a Palestinian toddler, Rivlin received death threats.
Rivlin labelled those who committed the violence as "terrorists", lamenting that his own people had "chosen the path of terror", that Israel was lax in confronting Jewish religious terrorism and Jewish extremists. Although considered a nationalist and hawkish on the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, Rivlin is a supporter of minority rights those of the Arab-Israelis; as speaker of the Knesset, Rivlin made his first official visit to the Arab-Israeli city of Umm al-Fahm portrayed as a locus of anti-state and pro-Palestine sentiment and agitation. In June 2010, Rivlin ignored calls to remove Balad MK Haneen Zoabi for joining the Gaza flotilla. Rivlin's actions in defending the parliamentary rights of Zoabi were criticized by some, but others praised his courage in defending Israeli democracy; the same year, a group of rabbis on g
Aluf Avichai Mandelblit is an Israeli jurist who serves as the Attorney General of Israel. Mandelblit had a long career in the Israel Defense Forces legal system serving as the Chief Military Advocate General between 2004 and 2011. On April 2013, he was appointed Cabinet Secretary. In February 2016, he was appointed Attorney General. Mandelblit was raised in Tel Aviv, his parents were Ada Mandelblit. His father, a clothing merchant and soccer player who served as deputy head of the Israel Football Association, was an Irgun veteran and member of the right-wing Herut party. At age 26, Mandelblit became a disciple of rabbi Baruch Ashlag. Mandelblit was allowed to postpone his mandatory military service in the Israel Defense Forces to attend Tel Aviv University as part of the Atuda program, he joined the IDF in 1985, after graduating with a bachelor's degree in law. He would earn a master's degree and a doctorate in law from Bar-Ilan University. Mandelblit is married to Ronit, has six children; the family lives in Petah Tikva.
Upon joining the IDF, he held a variety of positions in the Military Advocate General's Office. Between 1991 and 1992, he served as a judge on the Military Court of the Gaza region. In 1993, he was appointed senior assistant to the Chief Military Prosecutor, became his deputy. In 1997, he was appointed Deputy President of the Military Court of the Southern Command and the Ground Forces. In 2000, he was appointed as the Head of the Chief Military Defense, and, in 2003, as the Deputy Military Advocate General. In 2004, he was promoted to the rank of Tat Aluf and appointed as the Chief Military Advocate General. In 2009, he was promoted to the rank of Aluf. During his service as the Chief Military Advocate General, Mandelblit expressed the IDF's legal viewpoint upon different issues of the international humanitarian law. In December 2007, he declared that the IDF's use of cluster bombs during the Second Lebanon War complied with international humanitarian law, he was a part of harsh criticism against Goldstone Report, stating:We ourselves set up investigations into 140 complaints.
It is when you read these other reports and complaints that you realize how vicious the Goldstone report is. He made it look like we set out to go after the economic infrastructure and civilians, that it was intentional. It’s a vicious lie. On 15 September 2011, Mandelblit was succeeded as the Chief Military Advocate General by Danny Efroni. After leaving the IDF, he served as a researcher at the Institute for National Security Studies and completed a doctoral thesis in law under the direction of Professor Yaffa Zilbershatz. In 2013, he was appointed Cabinet Secretary, he served in this role until becoming Attorney-General in 2016. On 20 December 2018, Mandelblit announced that he would "work quickly" to decide whether or not to indict Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. However, he stated his indictment was "not at the expense of quality decisions and professionalism" and "would not be influenced by anything other than the evidence and the law." The indictment will be finalized in February or March 2019.
This came the day following State Prosecutor Shai Nitzan's recommendation that Netanyahu be indicted. On 20 February 2019, Mandelbilt announced that he had accepted police recommendations to indict Netanyahu on three of the charges presented, that the indictment will go into effect following a hearing. IDF profile
President of Israel
The President of the State of Israel is the head of state of Israel. The position is a ceremonial figurehead role, with executive power vested in the Government and the Prime Minister; the current president is Reuven Rivlin, who took office on 24 July 2014. Presidents are elected by the Knesset for a single seven-year term; the President of Israel is elected by secret ballot. If no candidate has received an absolute majority of votes by the first round of voting, a second round, in which only the two most-voted candidates in the first round may participate, is held. From 1949 to 2000, the president was elected for a five-year term, was allowed to serve up to two terms in office. Since 2000, the president serves a single seven-year term. Any Israeli resident citizen is eligible to run for President; the office falls vacant upon completion of a term, resignation, or the decision of three-quarters of the Knesset to remove the president on grounds of misconduct or incapacity. Presidential tenure is not keyed to that of the Knesset, in order to assure continuity in government and the non-partisan character of the office.
There is no vice president in the Israeli governmental system. If the president is temporarily incapacitated, or leaves office, the speaker of the Knesset becomes acting president; the first presidential election took place on 16 February 1949, the winner was Chaim Weizmann. The second took place in 1951, as at the time presidential terms were linked to the length of the Knesset term. Another election took place the following year after Weizmann's death. Since elections have been held in 1957, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1973, 1978, 1983, 1988, 1993, 1998, 2000, 2007, 2014. Six elections have taken place with no opposition candidate; the powers of the President of Israel are equivalent to those held by heads of state in other parliamentary democracies and are dictated by Basic Law: The Presidency, passed in 1964. The Basic Law: The Government includes sections on the powers of the president with reference to the government; the president signs international or bilateral treaties approved by the Knesset. In addition, the president endorses the credentials of ambassadors and receives the credentials of foreign diplomats, appoints the Governor of the Bank of Israel, the State Comptroller upon recommendation of the Knesset House Committee, members of the Council on Higher Education, the National Academy of Science, the Broadcasting Authority, the Authority to Rehabilitate Prisoners, the Chief Rabbinical Council, the Wolf Foundation, the president of Magen David Adom, the president of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, ceremonially appoints the Prime Minister.
The president has the power to pardon or commute the sentences of both soldiers and civilians, ceremonially appoints judges to courts, including the Supreme Court, after appointment by the Judicial Selection Committee. In addition, paragraph 29a of The Government basic law states that the president must consent to the dissolution of the Knesset at the request of the Prime Minister when the government has lost its majority and can therefore no longer function effectively. Unlike most presidents in parliamentary republics, the President of Israel is not the nominal chief executive. Basic Law: The Government explicitly vests executive power in the Government. Presidential powers are exercised based on the recommendation of appropriate government ministers; the president's most important role, in practice, is to help lead the process of forming a government. Israel's electoral system and fractured political landscape make it all but impossible for one party to govern alone, let alone win an outright majority of Knesset seats.
After each election, the president consults with party leaders to determine, most to command a majority in the Knesset. The president awards the Israel Prize on the Wolf Prize; the president serves as the main speaker at the opening ceremonies of the half-yearly Knesset conference, as well as at the annual official ceremonies for Yom Hazikaron and Yom HaShoah. Most Israeli presidents were involved in national politics or Zionist activities before taking office; some were distinguished in other fields: For example, Chaim Weizmann was a leading research chemist who founded the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot. The first Israeli presidents were born in the former Russian Empire, true of much of the leadership in the early days of the state; the first native-born president, as well as the first with a Sephardi background, was Yitzhak Navon. The first president with a Western European background was Chaim Herzog, who came from Belfast, United Kingdom; the first president with a Mizrahi background was Moshe Katsav, born in Iran.
All Israeli presidents from Yitzhak Ben-Zvi to Ezer Weizman were members of, or associated with, the Labor Party and its predecessors, have been considered politically moderate. Moshe Katsav was the first Likud president; these tendencies were significant in the April 1978 election of Labor's Yitzhak Navon, following the inability of the governing Likud coal
Shelly Rachel Yachimovich is an Israeli politician, who serves as the leader of the opposition, a member of the Knesset, a member of the Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee. She served as leader of the Israeli Labor Party between 2011 and 2013. Prior to entering politics, she was a journalist, an author, a television and radio commentator. Yachimovich was born in Kfar Saba, her father, was a construction worker and her mother, Hanna, a teacher. Both parents were Holocaust survivors, she became politically engaged at an early age, was expelled from Ostrovsky high school in Ra'anana at age 15 for hanging up posters denouncing the principal's style of leadership. In 1985, Yachimovich graduated from Ben-Gurion University of the Negev with a degree in behavioural science. While studying in Beersheba, she worked as a correspondent for the Al HaMishmar newspaper, she went on to become an anchor for the Israel Broadcasting Authority's radio station Reshet Bet, earning a reputation as opinionated and critical of conventional wisdom and the establishment.
She has been described as an assertive, abrasive radio journalist with pronounced feminist and social-democratic views. As a journalist, she covered social welfare issues. In October 2000, following a work dispute, she left her radio job and joined Channel 2 TV, where she hosted a political talk show and served as a news commentator, she did a weekly program for Israel Army Radio. As a journalist, Yachimovich was credited in giving prominent stage on national radio for activists of Four Mothers advocacy group who campaigned for Israel's withdrawal from Southern Lebanon; the group was established in February 1997 by four mothers who have lost their sons in the Israeli helicopter disaster. The founders formed a pressure group advocating a withdrawal, pointing out the excessive cost in human lives of a continuing Israeli presence in Southern Lebanon. Yachimovich and military affairs journalist Carmela Menashe were the first to give stage to the group's agenda, helping the grass-roots movement strike at the heart of Israeli public debate.
The growing discussion over Israel's role in Southern Lebanon led prime minister Ehud Barak to announce a withdrawal plan in 2000, amid vocal criticism over Yachimovich's agenda from military officials. Four Mothers' group leaders noted that Menashe's and Yachimovich's support was crucial in promoting their goal. Bank Hapoalim, one of Israel's largest financial institutions, had announced in late 2002 that it was about to cut 10% of its workforce of about 900 employees, many of whom tenured under the bank's employment contract. Criticism of the plan came from the Histadrut labor union, which questioned the necessity of such a massive layoff amidst ILS 1 billion in profits for the bank that year. First filing legal action against the bank via the Tel Aviv District Labor Court, the Histadrut union went on to embark on a massive public relations campaign against the bank's management; the bank's main shareholder, Israeli businesswoman Shari Arison, one of Israel's wealthiest women, led a press conference to defend the layoffs, on advice from her public relations consultant Rani Rahav.
Arison expressed regret for the layoffs, characterizing management's decision as an example of national responsibility. Critics rejected her argument as being poorly constructed, claiming that her remarks only seemed to demonstrate that for the country's wealthiest, national responsibility means profit maximization. Histadrut labor union chairman Amir Peretz, facing upcoming Histadrut leadership elections led a campaign attacking Arison, publishing billboards with the slogan'Shari Arison laughs, 900 families cry'. Agitated about the slogan, Arison threatened Poster Media, the company that put up the billboards and, owned by Arison, with a $10 million libel suit halting the campaign. Yachimovich entered the discussion by airing a critical review of Shari Arison's conduct, on her editorial segment in Channel 2 news, she warned that the threats of a lawsuit provided an example of how the rich and successful are able to arrange things to their liking, in this case by firing such a large number of employees and silencing public criticism of the move.
The next day, Arison's consultant Rani Rahav published an assertive open letter attacking Yachimovich, faxing it to 500 of Israel's top CEO's and media personalities. The letter, containing the phrase'Bad, bad Shelly' multiple times, was described by press as childish. In the letter, Rahav asked Yachimovich to depart Israel, claiming she should be grateful that wealthy people choose to live in Israel, invest in its economy and donate to charitable causes within it; that year, when Arison relocated her residence to the United States, Rahav published yet a second open letter titled'You won, Shelly', blaming Yachimovich in Arison's relocation. On 29 November 2005, two weeks after Amir Peretz was interviewed by Yachimovich on "Meet the Press" for the occasion of his election as leader of the Labor Party, Yachimovich announced she was leaving journalism and entering politics, she ran in the Labor primaries and achieved the ninth place on the party's list for the 2006 elections, in which she was elected to the Knesset.
Yachimovich was criticized on her sharp move from journalism to politics. Critics noted that it was inappropriate for a watchdog journalist to become a member of the system she was supposed to be guarding. Others alleged that the interview she had with Peretz shortly before joining politics must have lacked professional impartiality, according to journalism ethics. Following criticisms, a cooling-off period of three months was imposed on journal
Law of Return
The Law of Return is an Israeli law, passed on 5 July 1950, which gives Jews the right to come and live in Israel and to gain Israeli citizenship. Section 1 of the Law of Return declares: "every Jew has the right to come to this country as an oleh."In the Law of Return, the State of Israel gave effect to the Zionist movement's "credo" which called for the establishment of Israel as a Jewish state. In 1970, the right of entry and settlement was extended to people with one Jewish grandparent and a person, married to a Jew, whether or not he or she is considered Jewish under Orthodox interpretations of Halakha. On the day of arrival in Israel or at a date, a person who enters Israel under the Law of Return as an oleh would receive a certificate stating that s/he is indeed an oleh; the oleh has three months to decide whether s/he wishes to become a citizen and can renounce citizenship during this time. The right to an oleh certificate may be denied if the person is engaged in activity directed against the Jewish people, endangers public health or security of the state, or who has a criminal past that may endanger public welfare.
The Law of Return was passed unanimously by the Knesset, Israel's Parliament, on 5 July 1950. The date chosen so that it would coincide with the anniversary of the death of Zionist visionary Theodore Herzl, it declared: "Every Jew has the right to come to this country as an oleh."In a declaration to the Knesset, the Israeli prime minister David Ben-Gurion asserted that the law did not bestow a right but rather reaffirmed a right Jews held: "This law does not provide for the State to bestow the right to settle upon the Jew living abroad. This right preceed the State; the rights under the Law of Return applied only to Jews. However, due to an inability on the lawmakers to agree on a definition of, a Jew, the Law did not define the term, relying instead on the issue to resolve itself over time; as a result, the Law relied in effect on the traditional halakhic definition. But, the absence of a definition of, a Jew, for the purpose of the Law, resulted in divergent views of the various streams of Judaism competing for recognition.
Those who immigrate to Israel under the Law of Return are entitled to citizenship in Israel. However, differences of opinion have arisen as to whether a person who claims citizenship under the Law of Return should be automatically registered as "Jewish" for census purposes. According to the halakhic definition, a person is Jewish if his or her mother is Jewish, or if he or she converts to Judaism. Orthodox Jews do not recognize conversions performed by Conservative Judaism. However, the Law provides that any Jew regardless of affiliation may migrate to Israel and claim citizenship; the Law of Return was amended in 1970. Amendment number 2, 4a, states: The rights of a Jew under this Law and the rights of an oleh under the Nationality Law, 5712-1952***, as well as the rights of an oleh under any other enactment, are vested in a child and a grandchild of a Jew, the spouse of a Jew, the spouse of a child of a Jew and the spouse of a grandchild of a Jew, except for a person, a Jew and has voluntarily changed his/her religion.
The law since 1970 applies to the following groups: Those born Jews according to the orthodox interpretation. Those with Jewish ancestry - having a Jewish father or grandfather. Converts to Judaism, but Jews who have converted to another religion are not eligible to immigrate under the Law of Return though are still Jews according to halakha. The 1970 amendment was induced by the debate on "Who is a Jew?". Until the law did not refer to the question. There are several explanations for the decision to be so inclusive. One is that as the Nuremberg Laws did not use a halakhic definition in its definition of "Who is a Jew", the Law of Return definition for citizenship eligibility is not halakhic either. Another explanation is the 1968 wave of immigration from Poland, following an antisemitic campaign by the government; these immigrants were assimilated and had many non-Jewish family members. A second explanation is that in order to increase immigration levels so as to offset the "demographic threat" posed by the growth of the Arab population, the law expanded the base group of those eligible to immigrate to Israel.
A third explanation promoted by religious Jews is that the overwhelmingly secular leadership in Israel sought to undermine the influence of religious elements in Israeli politics and society by allowing more secular Jews and their non-Jewish spouses to immigrate. The Israeli Rabbinate is a purely Orthodox body, far more strict in defining'who is a Jew'; this creates a situation in which thousands of immigrants who are eligible for citizenship under the Law of Return's criteria, are ineligible for Jewish marriage by the Israeli Rabbinate. As of 2008, 2,734,245 Jews have immigrated to Israel since 1950. Hundreds of thousands of people who do not have Jewish status under Orthodox Jewish interpretations of Halacha received Israeli citizenship, as the law confers citizenship to all offspring of a Jew and t
The Knesset is the unicameral national legislature of Israel. As the legislative branch of the Israeli government, the Knesset passes all laws, elects the President and Prime Minister, approves the cabinet, supervises the work of the government. In addition, the Knesset elects the State Comptroller, it has the power to waive the immunity of its members, remove the President and the State Comptroller from office, dissolve the government in a constructive vote of no confidence, to dissolve itself and call new elections. The Prime Minister may dissolve the Knesset. However, until an election is completed, the Knesset maintains authority in its current composition; the Knesset is located in Jerusalem. The term "Knesset" is derived from the ancient Knesset HaGdola or "Great Assembly", which according to Jewish tradition was an assembly of 120 scribes and prophets, in the period from the end of the Biblical prophets to the time of the development of Rabbinic Judaism – about two centuries ending c. 200 BCE.
There is, however, no organisational continuity and – aside from the number of members – little similarity, as the ancient Knesset was a religious unelected body. As the legislative branch of the Israeli government, the Knesset passes all laws, elects the president, approves the cabinet, supervises the work of the government through its committees, it has the power to waive the immunity of its members, remove the President and the State Comptroller from office, to dissolve itself and call new elections. The Knesset has de jure parliamentary supremacy, can pass any law by a simple majority one that might arguably conflict with the Basic Laws of Israel, unless the basic law includes specific conditions for its modification. In addition to the absence of a formal constitution, with no Basic Law thus far being adopted which formally grants a power of judicial review to the judiciary, the Supreme Court of Israel has in recent years asserted its authority, when sitting as the High Court of Justice, to invalidate provisions of Knesset laws it has found to be inconsistent with a Basic Law.
The Knesset is presided over by a Deputy Speaker. The Knesset is divided into committees. Committee chairpersons are chosen by their members, on recommendation of the House Committee, their factional composition represents that of the Knesset itself. Committees may elect sub-committees and delegate powers to them, or establish joint committees for issues concerning more than one committee. To further their deliberations, they invite government ministers, senior officials, experts in the matter being discussed. Committees may request explanation and information from any relevant ministers in any matter within their competence, the ministers or persons appointed by them must provide the explanation or information requested. There are four types of committees in the Knesset. Permanent committees amend proposed legislation dealing with their area of expertise, may initiate legislation. However, such legislation may only deal with Basic Laws and laws dealing with the Knesset, elections to the Knesset, Knesset members, or the State Comptroller.
Special committees function in a similar manner to permanent committees, but are appointed to deal with particular manners at hand, can be dissolved or turned into permanent committees. Parliamentary inquiry committees are appointed by the plenum to deal with issues viewed as having special national importance. In addition, there are two types of committees that convene only when needed: the Interpretations Committee, made up of the Speaker and eight members chosen by the House Committee, deals with appeals against the interpretation given by the Speaker during a sitting of the plenum to the Knesset rules of procedure or precedents, Public Committees, established to deal with issues that are connected to the Knesset. Permanent committees: House Committee Finance Committee Economic Affairs Committee Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee Interior and Environment Committee Immigration and Diaspora Affairs Committee Education and Sports Committee Constitution and Justice Committee Labour and Health Committee Science and Technology Committee State Control Committee Committee on the Status of WomenSpecial committees: Committee on Drug Abuse Committee on the Rights of the Child Committee on Foreign Workers Israeli Central Elections Committee Public Petitions CommitteeThe other committees are the Arrangements Committee and the Ethics Committee.
The Ethics Committee is responsible for jurisdiction over Knesset members who violate the rules of ethics of the Knesset, or involved in illegal activities outside the Knesset. Within the framework of responsibility, the Ethics Committee may place various sanctions on a member, but is not allowed to restrict a members' right to vote; the Arrangements Committee proposes the makeup of the permanent committees following each election, as well as suggesting committee chairs, lays down the sitting arrangements of political parties in the Knesset, the distribution of rooms in the Knesset building to members and parties. Knesset members join together in formal or informal groups known as "lobbies" or "caucuses", to advocate for a particular topic. There are hundreds of such caucuses in the Knesset; the Knesset Christian Allies Caucus and the Knesset Land of Israel Caucus are two of the largest and mo
The Knesset Guard is an Israeli protective security unit. The Knesset Guard is responsible for the security of the Knesset building and protection of Knesset members. Guards are stationed outside the building, ushers are on duty inside; the commander of the force is called the Sergeant-at-Arms. In addition to its everyday duties, the Knesset Guard plays a ceremonial role, greeting dignitaries and taking part in the annual ceremony on Mount Herzl on the eve of Israeli Independence Day. On October 29, 1957 Moshe Dwek threw a grenade during a plenary session of the Knesset. Minister Haim Moshe Shapiro, Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion and Minister of Foreign Affairs Golda Meir were injured. Following the events the Israeli Police decided to establish the Knesset Guard in 1958; the Status and Authority were regulated as part of Knesset Guard Law from 1968. First Knesset Officer was Yerachmiel Belkin. Knesset Guards are armed with IMI Tavor IMI Galil rifles; the Knesset Guard on the Knesset Virtual Tour Video clip depicting the Guard's establishment