State Register of Heritage Places
The State Register of Heritage Places is the heritage register of historic sites in Western Australia deemed significant at the state level by the Heritage Council of Western Australia. Places listed on the register include buildings, gardens, memorials and archaeological sites; the Heritage Council use criteria established in September 1991 to determine the cultural heritage significance of each place, as follows: Aesthetic value Historic value Scientific value Social value Rarity Representativeness Condition Integrity Authenticity List of Australian heritage lists List of heritage buildings in Perth, Western Australia
Victorian Heritage Register
The Victorian Heritage Register lists places deemed to be of cultural heritage significance to the State of Victoria, Australia. It has statutory weight under the Heritage Act 1995 which established Heritage Victoria as the State Government listing and permit authority. Listing on the Victorian Heritage Register is separate from listing by a local Council or Shire, known as a Heritage Overlay. Heritage Victoria is part of the Department of Environment, Land and Planning of the Government of Victoria, Australia. Heritage Victoria reports to the Heritage Council who approve recommendations to the Register and hear appeals when a registration is disputed; the Council hears appeals by an owner to a permit issued by Heritage Victoria. The Minister for Planning is the responsible Minister for Heritage Victoria and the Heritage Act 1995; as of 2013, there were over 2,200 places and objects listed on the VHR. The Act allows the registration of a wide range of cultural heritage places and objects, including: historic archaeological sites and artefacts historic buildings and precincts gardens and cemeteries cultural landscapes shipwrecks and relics significant objects and collectionsPlaces listed on the Victorian Heritage Register can be found on the Victorian Heritage Database, which lists many places with a local level of protection.
The database can be accessed here. A place listed on the Victorian Heritage Register does not mean a place cannot be demolished or altered. Information on permits can be found here.'Delisting' a place occurs only if the place has been destroyed, or a permit has been granted for total demolition or alterations so extensive the place no longer has State level significance. The Planning Minister may intervene in the process of listing or the granting of a permit, by not accepting the advice of Heritage Victoria or the Heritage Council, preventing a place from being listed, or allowing greater alteration or total demolition. All places and objects listed on the register are entitled to a Blue plaque. Heritage listed buildings in Melbourne Category:Victorian Heritage Register List of heritage registers Media related to Victorian Heritage Register at Wikimedia Commons Victorian Heritage Database Heritage Victoria website Heritage Act 1995
New South Wales State Heritage Register
The New South Wales State Heritage Register known as NSW State Heritage Register, is a heritage list of places in the state of New South Wales, that are protected by New South Wales legislation covered by the Heritage Act, 1977 and its 2010 amendments. The register is administered by the NSW Office of Environment and Heritage, a division of the Government of New South Wales Department of Planning and Environment; the register was created in 1999 and includes items protected by heritage schedules that relate to the State, to regional and to local environmental plans. As a result, the register contains over 20,000 statutory-listed items in either public or private ownership of historical and architectural value. Of those items listed 1,785 items are listed as significant items for the whole of New South Wales; the items include buildings, monuments, Aboriginal places, bridges, archaeological sites, relics, streets, industrial structures and conservation precincts. An item will first attract local listing regional or State listing.
If the item is of significance to the nation, the State will advocate for listing on the Australian National Heritage List or the Commonwealth Heritage List. If the item is of global significance, the Australian Government will advocate for the item to be listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List; the Heritage Council of New South Wales, a statutory body appointed by the NSW Government and comprising members of the community, the government, the conservation profession and representatives of organisations such as the National Trust of Australia, makes decisions about the care and protection of heritage places and items that have been identified as being significant to the people of NSW. The Council provides advice on heritage matters to the Minister for Heritage, presently Gabrielle Upton MP; the Council recommends to the Minister places and objects for listing on the State Heritage Register. The work of the Council and the State Heritage Register is covered by the Heritage Act, 1977 and its 2010 amendments.
Under section 170 of the Act, government agencies in New South Wales are required to compile a register of heritage assets and look after their assets on behalf of the community. Other legislation preserves Aboriginal heritage. Items nominated for listing on the register are assessed against the State Heritage Register criteria to determine the level of significance. To be assessed for listing on the State Heritage Register an item will, in the opinion of the Heritage Council of NSW, meet one or more of the following criteria: a) an item is important in the course, or pattern, of NSW’s cultural or natural history. An item is not to be excluded from the Register on the ground that items with similar characteristics have been listed on the Register. Australian Heritage Database Media related to New South Wales State Heritage Register at Wikimedia Commons Search the Heritage Register
Commonwealth Heritage List
The Commonwealth Heritage List is a heritage register which lists places under the control of the Australian government on land or in waters directly owned by the Crown. Such places must have importance in relation to the natural and historic heritage of Australia; the List was established under the Federal Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. Places protected under the Act include federally owned telegraph stations, defence sites, migration centres, customs houses, national institutions such as Parliament and High Court buildings, memorials and marine areas. In 2004, a new heritage management system was introduced by the Australian Government to protect Australia’s heritage places. Key elements are amendments to the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, which include explicit requirements for cultural heritage protection, the creation of an Australian National Heritage List and a Commonwealth Heritage List and the establishment of the Australian Heritage Council under the Australian Heritage Council Act 2003.
The Register of the National Estate was lost its statutory power. The National Heritage List is to include a small number of places of outstanding heritage significance to Australia; as of 28 September 2017, the Commonwealth Heritage List comprised 398 heritage places as follows: Cultural heritage Natural heritage Commonwealth Heritage Official site
Sir Bertram Clough Williams-Ellis, CBE, MC was a British architect known chiefly as the creator of the Italianate village of Portmeirion in North Wales. Clough Williams-Ellis was born in Gayton, England, but his family moved back to his father's native North Wales when he was four; the family have strong Welsh roots and Clough Williams-Ellis claimed direct descent from Owain Gwynedd, Prince of North Wales. His father John Clough Williams Ellis was a clergyman and noted mountaineer while his mother Ellen Mabel Greaves was the daughter of the slate mine proprietor John Whitehead Greaves and sister of John Ernest Greaves, he was educated at Oundle School in Northamptonshire. Though he read for the natural sciences tripos at Trinity College, Cambridge, he never graduated. After a few months at the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London in 1903–04, he worked for an architect for a few months before setting up his own practice in London, his first commission was Larkbeare, a summer house for Anne Wynne Thackeray in Cumnor, Oxfordshire, in 1903-4 which he designed whilst a student.
In 1908 he inherited a small country house, Plas Brondanw, from his father and embellishing it over the rest of his life, rebuilding it after a fire in 1951. He served with distinction in the First World War, serving first with the Royal Fusiliers and the Welsh Guards, with whom he was awarded the Military Cross. Postwar he helped John St Loe Strachey revive pisé construction in Britain, building an apple storehouse followed by Harrowhill Copse bungalow at Newlands Corner using shuttering and rammed earth. During the 1920s, he began work on Portmeirion the location for The Prisoner TV series. A fashionable architect in the inter-war years, Williams-Ellis's other works include buildings at Stowe in Buckinghamshire. Williams-Ellis is known for his design of the former summit building on Snowdon, which — after unsympathetic alteration in the 1960s and a long-term lack of maintenance — was described by Prince Charles as "the highest slum in Wales". During this period Williams-Ellis wrote his book the Octopus.
They took up Williams-Ellis's call for action and from 1927 to 1946 were active in rescuing important, but lesser-known, rural properties from being demolished. Shalford Mill in Surrey, Newtown Old Town Hall on the Isle of Wight and Priory Cottages in Oxfordshire were all saved due to the Gang's fundraising efforts; the Gang endowed these properties and significant tracts of the Cornish coastline to the care of the National Trust. The Gang's mastermind Peggy Williams-Ellis became lifelong friends. In 1929 Williams-Ellis bought portrait painter George Romney's house in Hampstead. Williams-Ellis served on several government committees concerned with design and conservation and was instrumental in setting up the British national parks after 1945, he wrote and broadcast extensively on architecture and the preservation of the rural landscape. In 1915 Williams-Ellis married the writer Amabel Strachey, their son, Christopher Moelwyn Strachey Williams-Ellis, a Lieutenant in the Welsh Guards, was killed in action in Italy during the Second World War and was buried in plot VIII, row C, grave 24 at Minturno War Cemetery.
Their elder daughter, Susan Williams-Ellis, used the name Portmeirion Pottery for the company she created with her husband in 1961. Welsh language novelist Robin Llywelyn is his grandson and fashion designer Rose Fulbright-Vickers is his great-granddaughter. Sculptor David Williams-Ellis is his great-nephew. In 1958 Williams-Ellis was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire "for public services", he was made a Knight Bachelor in the New Year Honours 1972 "for services to the preservation of the environment and to architecture". At the time, he was the oldest person to be knighted. Sir Clough Williams-Ellis died in April 1978, aged 94. In accordance with his wishes, he was cremated, his ashes went to make up a marine rocket, part of a New Year's Eve firework display over the estuary at Portmeirion some twenty years after his death. See List of works by Clough Williams-Ellis Reconography Pelman England and the Octopus, Geoffrey Bles Cottage Building in Cob, Pise and Clay: a Renaissance The Architect, Geoffrey Bles Cautionary Guide to Oxford and Industrial Association, 32 pages Cautionary Guide to St Albans and Industrial Association 32 pages Laurence Weaver – a Biography, Geoffrey Bles Architecture Here and Now, London, T Nelson and Sons The Adventure of Building: being something about architecture and planning for intelligent young citizens and their backward elders, Architectural Press, 91 pages An Artist in North Wales, Elek, pictures by Fred Uhlman, 40 pages On Trust for the Nation, Elek, pictures by Barbara Jones, 168 pages Living in New Towns, London Town and Country Planning, Green and British Council, 48 pages Portmeirion, The Place and its Meaning, London Roads in the Landscape, Ministry of Transport, 22 pages Architect
Annie Forsyth Wyatt
Annie Forsyth Wyatt OBE was an Australian community worker and Red Cross worker. She is celebrated as the driving force behind the establishment of the National Trust movement in Australia, establishing the organisation in 1945 to protect Sydney's historic natural and built sites; as a conservationist, lover of colonial history, humanitarian, Wyatt observed women working in the community during World War I, came to believe that women could make a difference in community issues. Over her lifetime she worked for many causes apart from the National Trust of Australia, including the Red Cross and the NSW Prisoners' Aid Association, she donated the proceeds of her book Doors that slam: a romance of early Sydney, to the Prisoners' Aid Association. Wyatt was born in Redfern, New South Wales in 1885, lived for much of her life in a cottage in Gordon, died in St Ives. Annie resided with her family at 90 Cleveland Street, Redfern, she was the eldest of eight children of George Trotter Evans. The growing family moved from their Redfern home in 1891 to a house named Fairholme in the semi-rural Rooty Hill area, with Annie boarding at Burwood Methodist Ladies College from the age of 10.
Annie's love of Australia's bushland and history is evident in her childhood memories of Rooty Hill. Pony rides to lovely old homes such as Bungaribee, Mamre and Graystanes featured in her childhood memories of wildflowers and bushlands now gone. Annie's maternal grandfather Archibald Forsyth had arrived in Australia in 1848 from Scotland. After working as a cedar-getter, a gold miner and a timber merchant he established the first rope works in New South Wales at Waterloo in 1864, his outspoken public role as a Protectionist, a member of Parliament, his actions as a philanthropist in setting up the Animals Protection League, supporting the sick and hungry must have influenced his young granddaughter, who found herself speaking out about public issues in the 1920s. Believing women had a part to play, her voice was heard asking the question "What about the women?" at various local meetings. She was an early supporter of the United Associations of Women in 1929. Annie first became an active advocate of conservation in 1927 when, as a mother of two small children, she set up the Ku-ring-gai Tree Lovers' Civic League.
This small group, consisting of women, protested against activities destroying natural areas. Campaigns against rubbish dumping in bushland, clearing newly subdivided blocks of all trees, sale of public bushland were on the agenda; the group conducted school education programs and was asked to intervene in problems outside the local area. Balls Head Reserve was retained as a reafforested public area in 1931, bushland at Palm Beach was retained with the help of the Ku-ring-gai Tree Lovers' Civic League; the League existed for 45 years with several branches over Australia including Orange, Hunters Hill and Adelaide. Annie Wyatt helped to preserve a small area of Sydney's remaining bluegum and blackbutt forests as a member of the Dalrymple Hay Forest Preservation Committee in the 1930s. Wyatt worked for the Prisoners' Aid Association of New South Wales for twenty years, including a term as president of the women's section during 1938–1941, she visited prisons, gained the trust of notorious prisoners Tilly Devine and Kate Leigh.
She advocated for the prisoners and pushed for less ugly clothing, permission to use lipstick and face powder. Annie's love of place saw her seeking an active role in the conservation and protection of historic buildings as well as of natural places through the creation of a body like the National Trust in England. In the 1930s, art historian Bernard Smith remembered her as but discussing colonial Australia with an infectious enthusiasm that attracted sympathisers to her cause. Looming large in her sense of loss of Australian heritage buildings in the 1930s and 1940s were Burdekin House and the Commissariat Stores at west Circular Quay where an apathetic public had stood back and watched these destructions. Representing the Ku-ring-gai Tree Lovers League, Annie Wyatt presented to the 1944 Forestry League Conference her case for the need to form a national trust in Australia; this was approved and on 6 April 1945 it was resolved that a national trust subcommittee of the Forestry League be formed under Walter Cresswell O'Reilly, Annie Wyatt and Arthur Cousins.
The National Trust Provisional Committee began to fulfil Annie's dream of saving Sydney's historic sites. A program of education and public campaigns against demolition and unsuitable development in historic areas followed. Annie Wyatt, in early Trust minutes, warned the group "that the last lovely Macquarie era buildings were in dire peril and that we should take our stand for their preservation"; the 1946 Trust campaign to protect Macquarie Street against proposed developments was supported. The Trust produced an initial list of items to be preserved in 1946. The'A' list included Sydney's Hyde Park Barracks and the Mint Building, St James' Church, the 1815 Military Hospital at Observatory Hill, Cadmans Cottage, which all remain today as part of Sydney's central area; the list included items further from the centre of Sydney. Old Government House at Parramatta, John Macarthur's Elizabeth Farm House, Lennox Bridge, as well as the cemeteries at Camperdown and Parramatta, were included on this list, have been retained.
In 1946 the new Trust compiled an'A' and'B' list of Sydney's historic buildings and places and launched its first battle against proposed developments in Macquarie Street. These proposals would have seen the loss of Hyde Park Barr
National Trust of Australia
The National Trust of Australia the Australian Council of National Trusts, is the Australian national peak body for community-based, non-government non-profit organisations committed to promoting and conserving Australia's indigenous and historic heritage. Incorporated in 1965, it federates the eight autonomous National Trusts in each Australian state and internal self-governing territory, providing them with a national secretariat and a national and international presence. Collectively, the constituent National Trusts own or manage over 300 heritage places, manage a volunteer workforce of 7,000 while employing about 350 people nationwide. Around 1,000,000 visitors experience the their collections in Australia each year. Modelled on the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty and inspired by local campaigns to conserve native bushland and preserve old buildings, the first Australian National Trusts were formed in New South Wales in 1945, South Australia in 1955 and Victoria in 1956.
The driving force behind the establishment of the National Trust in Australia was Annie Forsyth Wyatt. She lived for much of her life in a cottage in Gordon, New South Wales, still standing, she was living in the Sydney suburb of St Ives. In 1975, the National Trust moved into the former Fort Street High School building on Observatory Hill, after the girls' school moved to Petersham to be reunited with the boys' school, which had moved in 1916; the distinctive building, which retains its appearance from the time of its conversion to a school in 1849, is visible from the approaches to the Sydney Harbour Bridge. The constituent organisations are: List of National Trust properties in Australia List of Australian Living Treasures SAHANZ, the Society of Architectural Historians and New Zealand Historic Houses Trust of New South Wales Clark, Mary Rhyllis. In Trust. Recollections of the Victorian Trust pioneers Cosgrove, Carol. Challenging times: the National Trust of South Australia 1955–2005. Adelaide: National Trust of South Australia.
ISBN 0-909378-60-6 Hill, Robert. "Heritage: Yesterday and Tomorrow": Address to the Natural Trust Conference. Speeches of the Federal Minister for the Environment. Department of the Environment and Heritage. Archived from the original on 2006-09-11. Retrieved 2007-01-30. Wyatt, Ian. Ours in Trust. Covers the founding years of the NSW National Trust