Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge
Sidney Sussex College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England. The college was founded in 1596 under the terms of the will of Frances Sidney, Countess of Sussex and named after its foundress, it was from its inception an avowedly Protestant foundation. In her will, Lady Sussex left the sum of £5,000 together with some plate to found a new college at Cambridge University "to be called the Lady Frances Sidney Sussex College", her executors Sir John Harington and Henry Grey, 6th Earl of Kent, supervised by Archbishop John Whitgift, founded the college seven years after her death. While the college's geographic size has changed little since 1596, an additional range was added to the original E-shaped buildings in the early 17th century and the appearance of the whole college was changed in the 1820s and 1830s, under the leadership of the Master at the time, William Chafy. By the early 19th century, the buildings' original red brick was unfashionable and the hall range was suffering serious structural problems.
The opening up of coal mines on estates left to the College in the 18th century provided extra funds which were to be devoted to providing a new mathematical library and accommodation for Mathematical Exhibitioners. As a result, the exterior brick was covered with a layer of cement, the existing buildings were heightened and the architectural effect was heightened, under the supervision of Sir Jeffry Wyatville. In the late nineteenth century, the college's finances received a further boost from the development of the resort of Cleethorpes on College land on the Lincolnshire coast, purchased in 1616, following a bequest for the benefit of scholars and fellows by Peter Blundell, a merchant from Tiverton, Devon. A new wing added in 1891, to the designs of John Loughborough Pearson, is stylistically richer than the original buildings and has stone staircases whereas the stairs in the older buildings are made of timber. In the early twentieth century, a High Church group among the Fellows were instrumental in the rebuilding and enlargement of the chapel, provided with a richly carved interior in late seventeenth-century style, designed by T. H. Lyon, somewhat at odds with the college's original Puritan ethos.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, E. H. Griffiths wrote a ten verse song dedicated to Sidney Sussex; each verse systematically identifies dismisses other Cambridge colleges for their faults, before settling on Sidney as the best college of all. The chorus exhorts the audience:'Go travel round the town, my friend, whichever way you please, From Downing up to Trinity, from Peterhouse to Caius: Then seek a little College just beside a busy street, Its name is Sidney Sussex, you'll find it Bad to Beat.' Sidney Sussex is recognised as one of the more classical Cambridge colleges. Its current student body consists of 350 undergraduate students and 190 graduates. Academically, Sidney Sussex has tended towards a mid-table position in the unofficial Tompkins Table. However, the college has traditionally excelled in certain subjects, notably Mathematics, History and Law, it is known for the high standard of pastoral support from the Tutorial team, a sense of mutual support from students doing the same subject.
The college ranks fourth highest amongst Cambridge colleges in Nobel Prizes won by alumni. The Choir of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge was nominated for a 2013 Gramophone Award in recognition of their disc of the music of Thomas Weelkes; the choir tours most to the United States, in July 2018. In the television show University Challenge, Sidney Sussex had a winning team in both 1971 and 1978–79; the 1978 team, comprising John Gilmore, John Adams, David Lidington, Nick Graham, went on to win the "Champion of Champions" University Challenge reunion competition in 2002. The college last appeared on the television show in 2018, it is known for producing a well-regarded May Ball for a smaller college. Notably, students created an artificial lake and canal in 2010, when the ball had a Venetian theme, to enable punting at the landlocked college. Recent themes have included'Light' and'Beyond'; as with many of the smaller colleges, Sidney Sussex does not run a May Ball every year, instead running a biennial May Ball, on numbered years.
On odd numbered years, the college hosted an Arts Festival, which welcomed anyone in Cambridge, town or gown, to attend. Notable guest speakers at the Sidney Arts Festival include Stephen Fry, in 2015. However, for 2017 it was decided instead to hold a June Event. June Events are similar to a May Ball, but are smaller with a lower ticket price, shorter running time; the Confraternitas Historica, or Confraternitas Historica Dominae Franciscae Comitis Sussexiae, is the history society of Sidney Sussex College and is reputed to be the longest-running student history society in Europe, having existed since 1910. In fact, no meetings were held from 1914 to 1919 but since, during the First World War, "the University itself ceased to function... the hiatus of 1914-19 is not counted as a break in the continuity of the society". The Latin name of the society reflects the tastes of Jack Reynolds, the High Church Fellow who presided over its creation, who "endowed the Society with an elaborate Latin initiation ceremony".
Rather than being led by a President, the student in charge of the society is instead'Princeps'. Other society roles include the'Magister,"Tribune,"Pontifex Maximus,' and'Comes'. Furthermore, during society meetings all attendees are referred to in an ega
Robinson College, Cambridge
Robinson College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, England. Founded in 1977, Robinson is one of the newest Oxbridge colleges and is unique in having been intended, from its inception, for both undergraduate and graduate students of both sexes. Despite this, it retains many of the same traditions and institutions of other Cambridge colleges, including formal hall, Latin grace, a chapel and porters' lodge, it was founded through a significant donation from the 20th century British businessman and philanthropist, Sir David Robinson. The college was formally opened by Queen Elizabeth II in 1981 with both undergraduate and graduate students in attendance; the college was founded after the British philanthropist Sir David Robinson offered the university £17 million to establish a new college in Cambridge. Robinson gave his college another £1 million on the occasion of its official opening; the first graduate students and fellows joined the college in 1977. Undergraduates were first admitted in 1979, but significant numbers only began arriving the following year.
The college was formally opened by Queen Elizabeth II in May 1981. Despite maintaining many Cambridge traditions, such as Formal Hall, the college has avoided others: for example, it is one of the few colleges that allows its students to walk on the grass in the college gardens. Robinson is less formal and traditional than other Cambridge colleges like St. John's College, Emmanuel College, Selwyn College, Trinity College; the arms of the college are described as follows:'Azure in base two Bars wavy Argent over all a Pegasus rampant Or gorged with a Crown rayonny Gules.' The Latin grace is read before the start of formal hall. Latin: Benedic, nobis et donis tuis, per Jesum Christum dominum nostrum. Amen. Lord, bless your gifts, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. Designed by the Scottish architectural firm Gillespie, Kidd & Coia, Robinson's main buildings are distinctive for the use of red bricks in their construction. In November 2008 the college was included in the "50 most inspiring buildings in Britain" by The Daily Telegraph.
Of particular note are the library and chapel, the latter with stained-glass windows designed by John Piper. The college is located a ten-minute walk west of the city centre, behind the University Library, near the science buildings in West Cambridge and the arts faculties on the university's Sidgwick Site, it stands on a 12.5-acre wooded site noted for its horticultural interest. Within its grounds are Thorneycreek House and Cottage, the Crausaz Wordsworth Building, the Maria Björnson outdoor theatre and gardens through which flows Bin Brook, which once supplied water to the Hospital of St John. Robinson owns a number of houses on Adams Road and Sylvester Road adjoining the main college site, which it uses for student accommodation. A number of graduate students live in college-owned accommodation elsewhere in Cambridge, consisting of a terrace of six houses off the city's Mill Road as well as a single house on Mill Road itself; the main entrance to the college is via a drawbridge-like ramp, accessible to wheelchair users, there are some special facilities for those with physical or visual disabilities.
The Needham Research Institute is located within the college grounds. As one of Cambridge's most important conference centres, Robinson hosts a number of conferences during the summer vacation when the undergraduate students are absent. Robinson has a purpose-built conference centre, twenty miles west of Cambridge at Wyboston on the border with Bedfordshire, used both for occasional and regular events such as the annual conference of the Association of Business Psychologists. Students of the college are represented by the Robinson College Students' Association, or RCSA, headed by a President, with members of the college elected into positions on the RCSA committee every year. Politically, Robinson is seen as liberal. Robinson has supplied a large number of Green Officers to the Cambridge University Students' Union in recent years and in 2008 was judged the most environmentally friendly college in Cambridge. Like other colleges, Robinson provides its students with recreational facilities such as a JCR, MCR, TV room, art room, café and bar.
As a result of its other role as a conference centre, the college is equipped with two auditoria that are available for student use during term. There is a purpose-built party room, dedicated to hosting weekly college "bops" and other entertainment. Musical talents are catered for by CD library and chapel. There are several sports teams, covering most major sports: everything from water polo and cricket to rowing and rugby union. Robinson have become successful in hockey winning the Cambridge colleges league and colleges varsity match against Oriel College, Oxford, in 2009/10, in addition to becoming mixed cuppers champions by beating Churchill College, Cambridge. Joe Ansbro, Scottish international rugby union player Morwenna Banks, actress Matt Brittin, Vice-president at Google Nick Clegg, former Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and former Leader of the Liberal Democrats Adrian Davies, Welsh international rugby union player Greg Hands, former Chief Secretary to the Treasury Charles Hart and musician Marko Attila Hoare, historian Konnie Huq, television presenter Rebecca John, television presenter and journalist Tim Lenton, climate scientist Anthony Lowe, chi
Trinity College, Cambridge
Trinity College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England. With around 600 undergraduates, 300 graduates, over 180 fellows, it is the largest college in either of the Oxbridge universities by number of undergraduates. In terms of total student numbers, it is second only to Cambridge. Members of Trinity have won 33 Nobel Prizes out of the 116 won by members of Cambridge University, the highest number of any college at either Oxford or Cambridge. Five Fields Medals in mathematics were won by members of the college and one Abel Prize was won. Trinity alumni include six British prime ministers, physicists Isaac Newton, James Clerk Maxwell, Ernest Rutherford and Niels Bohr, mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan, the poet Lord Byron, historian Lord Macaulay, philosophers Ludwig Wittgenstein and Bertrand Russell, Soviet spies Kim Philby, Guy Burgess, Anthony Blunt. Two members of the British royal family have studied at Trinity and been awarded degrees as a result: Prince William of Gloucester and Edinburgh, who gained an MA in 1790, Prince Charles, awarded a lower second class BA in 1970.
Other royal family members have studied there without obtaining degrees, including King Edward VII, King George VI, Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester. Trinity has many college societies, including the Trinity Mathematical Society, the oldest mathematical university society in the United Kingdom, the First and Third Trinity Boat Club, its rowing club, which gives its name to the college's May Ball. Along with Christ's, King's and St John's colleges, it has provided several of the well known members of the Apostles, an intellectual secret society. In 1848, Trinity hosted the meeting at which Cambridge undergraduates representing private schools such as Westminster drew up an early codification of the rules of football, known as the Cambridge Rules. Trinity's sister college in Oxford is Christ Church. Like that college, Trinity has been linked with Westminster School since the school's re-foundation in 1560, its Master is an ex officio governor of the school; the college was founded by Henry VIII in 1546, from the merger of two existing colleges: Michaelhouse, King's Hall.
At the time, Henry had been seizing church lands from monasteries. The universities of Oxford and Cambridge, being both religious institutions and quite rich, expected to be next in line; the King duly passed an Act of Parliament. The universities used their contacts to plead with Catherine Parr; the Queen persuaded her husband not to create a new college. The king did not want to use royal funds, so he instead combined two colleges and seven hostels namely Physwick, Gregory's, Ovyng's, Catherine's, Margaret's and Tyler's, to form Trinity. Contrary to popular belief, the monastic lands granted by Henry VIII were not on their own sufficient to ensure Trinity's eventual rise. In terms of architecture and royal association, it was not until the Mastership of Thomas Nevile that Trinity assumed both its spaciousness and its courtly association with the governing class that distinguished it since the Civil War. In its infancy Trinity had owed a great deal to its neighbouring college of St John's: in the exaggerated words of Roger Ascham Trinity was little more than a colonia deducta.
Its first four Masters were educated at St John's, it took until around 1575 for the two colleges' application numbers to draw a position in which they have remained since the Civil War. In terms of wealth, Trinity's current fortunes belie prior fluctuations. Bentley himself was notorious for the construction of a hugely expensive staircase in the Master's Lodge, for his repeated refusals to step down despite pleas from the Fellows. Most of the Trinity's major buildings date from the 17th centuries. Thomas Nevile, who became Master of Trinity in 1593, redesigned much of the college; this work included the enlargement and completion of Great Court, the construction of Nevile's Court between Great Court and the river Cam. Nevile's Court was completed in the late 17th century when the Wren Library, designed by Christopher Wren, was built. In the 20th century, Trinity College, St John's College and King's College were for decades the main recruiting grounds for the Cambridge Apostles, an elite, intellectual secret society.
In 2011, the John Templeton Foundation awarded Trinity College's Master, the astrophysicist Martin Rees, its controversial million-pound Templeton Prize, for "affirming life's spiritual dimension". Trinity is the richest Oxbridge college, with a landholding alone worth £800 million. Trinity is sometimes suggested to be the second, third or fourth wealthiest landowner in the UK – after the Crown Estate, the National Trust and the Church of England. In 2005, Trinity's annual rental income from its properties was reported to be in excess of £20 million. Trinity owns: 3400 acres housing facilities at the Port of Felixstowe, Britain's busiest container port the Cambridge Science Park the O2 Arena in London Lord Byron purportedly kept a pe
Hughes Hall, Cambridge
Hughes Hall is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England. It is the oldest of the University of Cambridge's postgraduate colleges; the college admits undergraduates, though undergraduates admitted by the college must be aged 21 or over. There is no age requirement for postgraduate students; the majority of Hughes Hall students are postgraduate, although nearly one-fifth of the student population comprises individuals aged 21 and above who are studying undergraduate degree courses at the University. Hughes Hall was founded in the 19th century as the Cambridge Training College for Women with the purpose of providing a college of the University dedicated to training women graduates for the teaching profession. Since it has enlarged and expanded to support a community of students and researchers, both male and female, working in all the academic domains encompassed by the University of Cambridge; the college is housed in a number of 19th and 20th century buildings at a main site adjacent to the University of Cambridge's Cricket ground, between the City Centre and the railway station.
In 1878 the University of Cambridge established a Teachers' Training Syndicate to develop a training curriculum in education for students of the University intending to become teachers. Hughes Hall was established in 1885 as a college for women graduate students taking the Teacher Training curriculum. Key amongst its early supporters and founders were Rev. G. F. Browne, fellow of St Catharine's College, Miss Frances Buss, headmistress of the North London Collegiate School, Miss Anne Clough, first principal of Newnham College, Professor James Ward, fellow of Trinity College; the college was founded as the Cambridge Training College for Women, it began with 14 students in a small house in Newnham called Crofton Cottage. The first principal was a graduate of Newnham College, Elizabeth Phillips Hughes, in post from 1885 to 1899. In 1895, the college moved to a distinguished purpose-built building, designed by architect William Fawcett, overlooking Fenner's Cricket Ground - which continues to be the main college building to this day.
One of the first matriculants, Molly Thomas, recounted the experience of the first class of students in A London Girl of the 1880s, published under her married name, M. V. Hughes. Following recognition of full membership of the University for women in 1947, the college formally became a recognized institution of the University in 1949 and was renamed Hughes Hall in honour of its first principal; the college became an approved foundation of the University in 1985, received a Royal Charter marking its full college status in 2006. The college's first male students arrived in 1973, making Hughes Hall the first of the all-female colleges to admit men, from that time students began to study a wider range of affiliated post-graduate degrees. Student numbers increased in the 1980s and 1990s. Today, Hughes Hall has about 500 graduate students and around 90 undergraduates, all students are "mature", the college accommodates study in the wide range of studies taught in the University; the college is one of the most international Cambridge colleges, with its students representing over 60 nationalities.
The college's main building, known as the Wileman Building, was designed by architect William Fawcett and built in 1895. It was opened by the first Marquess of Ripon; the building is Grade II listed, red brick in Neo-Dutch style, has an notable terracotta porch. One wing of the Wileman Building is named the Pfeiffer Wing, after husband and wife Jurgen Edward Pfeiffer and Emily Pfeiffer who funded much of the construction cost as part of their mission to support and develop women's education; the building, its various more modern wings, contains student rooms, the college library, social areas and study spaces, various college administrative offices. Next door to the Wileman Building is Wollaston Lodge, a fine symmetrical early-20th century building in buff brick, designed by E. S. Prior, that provides further student accommodation. More recent buildings on the college site, all of which provide accommodation and other facilities for students, include Chancellor’s Court, inaugurated in 1992 by the Chancellor of the University, HRH the Duke of Edinburgh, the Centenary Building, which opened in 1997.
In 2005 Hughes opened a new residential and meeting building, the Fenner's Building, beside and overlooks the University cricket ground named Fenner's. It is possible to see the spire of the Our Lady and the English Martyrs Church – the tallest church spire in Cambridge - from the building's west-facing windows and terraces; the college owns a number of houses in the nearby area which provide additional student accommodation. In 2014 the college acquired the former Cambridge University gym building on Gresham Road, directly across the cricket ground from the main college site, to develop as a new facility - construction began on the site in 2015; the main college site is near the middle of Cambridge, halfway between Cambridge railway station and the Market Square. The college is located in the Petersfield area of the city, close to Mill Road and accessible from Mortimer Road; the main site is in a residential area, it is beside Fenner's, the Cambridge University Cricket ground, across the road from Parkside Pools and Kelsey Kerridge Gym, which are the main public sports facilities in the city.
A short walk from the college is the Mill Road Cemetery where a number of the University's renowned historic figures, including astronomer James Challis, Isaac Newton's editor Percival Frost, historian John Seeley are buried. Hughes Hall is the nearest o
Girton College, Cambridge
Girton College is one of the 31 constituent colleges of the University of Cambridge. The college was established in 1869 by Emily Davies, Barbara Bodichon and Lady Stanley of Alderley as the first women's college in Cambridge. In 1948, it was granted full college status by the university, marking the official admittance of women to the university. In 1976, it was the first Cambridge women's college to become coeducational; the main College site, situated on the outskirts of the village of Girton, about 2.5 miles northwest of the university town, comprises 33 acres of land. In a typical Victorian red brick design, most was built by architect Alfred Waterhouse between 1872 and 1887, it provides extensive sports facilities, an indoor swimming pool, an award-winning library and a chapel with two organs. There is an accommodation annexe, known as Wolfson Court, situated in Cambridge's western suburbs, close to the Centre for Mathematical Sciences; this annexe was opened in 1961 and provides housing for graduates, for second-year undergraduates and above.
The College's formal governance is led by a Mistress, Susan J. Smith, who has held the position since 2009; the College has several equal-access admittance schemes. It has a reputation for musical talent. Several art collections are held on the main site, including People's Portraits, the millennial exhibition of the Royal Society of Portrait Painters, an Egyptian collection containing the world's most reproduced portrait mummy. Among Girton’s notable alumni are Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, UK Supreme Court President Lady Hale, HuffPost co-founder Arianna Huffington, the comedian/author Sandi Toksvig, the comedian/broadcaster/GP Phil Hammond, the economist Joan Robinson, the anthropologist Marilyn Strathern Mistress from 1998 to 2009, its sister college is one of the first two women's colleges of Oxford. The early feminist movement began to argue for the improvement of women's education in the 1860s: Emily Davies and Barbara Bodichon met through their activism at the Society for the Employment of Women and the Englishwoman's Review.
They shared the aim of securing women's admission to university. In particular, they wanted to determine whether girls could be admitted at Oxford or Cambridge to sit the Senior and Junior Local Examinations. Davies and Bodichon set up a committee to that effect in 1862. In 1865, with the help of Henry Tomkinson, Trinity College alumnus and owner of an insurance company with good contacts within the University, 91 female students entered the Cambridge Local Examination; this first concession to women's educational rights met little resistance, as admission to the examination did not imply residence of women at the university site. At that time, students had the option of doing a Pass degree, which consisted of'a disorderly collection of fragmented learning', or an Honours degree, which at that time meant the Mathematics Tripos, natural or moral sciences. An Honours degree was considered more challenging than the Pass degree. In 1869, Henry Sidgwick helped institute the Examinations for Women, designed to be of intermediate difficulty.
This idea was opposed by Emily Davies, as she demanded admittance to the Tripos examinations. The college was established on 16 October 1869 under the name of the College for Women at Benslow House in Hitchin, considered to be a convenient distance from Cambridge and London, it was thought to be less'risky' and less controversial to locate the college away from Cambridge in the beginning. The college was one of England's first residential colleges for women. In July and October 1869, entrance examinations were held in London; the first term started on 16 October 1869, when five students began their studies: Emily Gibson, Anna Lloyd, Louisa Lumsden, Isabella Townshend and Sarah Woodhead. Elizabeth Adelaide Manning was registered as a student, although with the intention of staying for a single term, her step-mother Charlotte Manning was the first Mistress; the first three students to unofficially sit the Tripos exams in Lent term 1873, Rachel Cook and Lumsden, who both took the Classical Tripos, as well as Woodhead, who took the Mathematical Tripos, were known as "The Pioneers".
Through fundraising, £7,000 were collected, which allowed for the purchase of land either at Hitchin or near Cambridge in 1871. By 1872, sixteen acres of land at the present site were acquired near the village of Girton; the college was renamed Girton College, opened at the new location in October 1873. The buildings had cost £12,000, consisted of a single block which comprised the east half of Old Wing. At the time, thirteen students were admitted. In 1876, Old Wing was completed, Taylor's Knob, the college laboratory and half of Hospital Wing built. In 1884, Hospital Wing was completed, Orchard Wing, Stanley Library and the Old Kitchens added. At that time, Girton had 80 students. By 1902, Tower Wing, Chapel Wing and Woodlands Wing as well as the Chapel and the Hall were finished, which allowed the college to accommodate 180 students. In 1921, a committee was appointed to draft a charter for the college. By summer 1923 the committee had completed the task, on 21 August 1924 the King granted the charter to "the Mistress and Governors of Girton College" as a Body Corporate.
Girton was not a college yet, nor were its members part of the University. Girton and Newnham were classed as "recognised institutions for the higher education for women", not colleges of the university. On 27 April 1948, women were admitted to full membership of the University of Cambridge, Girton College rece
St Edmund's College, Cambridge
St Edmund's College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England. It is the second-oldest of the four Cambridge colleges oriented to mature students, which only accept students reading for either masters or doctorate degrees, or undergraduate degrees if they are aged 21 or older. Named after St Edmund of Abingdon, the first known Oxford Master of Arts and the Archbishop of Canterbury from 1234 to 1240, the college has traditionally Catholic roots, its founders were Henry Fitzalan Howard, the 15th Duke of Norfolk the most prominent Catholic in England, Baron Anatole von Hügel, the first Catholic to take a Cambridge degree since the revolution of 1688. In recognition of this Catholic connection, the College Visitor is the Archbishop of Westminster; the college is located on Mount Pleasant, northwest of the centre of Cambridge, beside Lucy Cavendish College, Murray Edwards College and Fitzwilliam College. Its campus consists of a garden setting on the edge of what was Roman Cambridge, with housing for over 350 students.
Members of St Edmund's include the former Archbishop of Amagh, Eamon Martin and Big Bang theorist Georges Lemaître, the Bishop of Menevia, John Petit, the Leader of the House of Commons, Norman St John-Stevas, Lord St John of Fawsley. St Edmund's was the residential college of the university's first Catholic students in two hundred years - most of whom were studying for the Priesthood - after the lifting of the papal prohibition on attendance at the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge in 1895 at the urging of a delegation to Pope Leo XIII led by Baron von Hügel. St Edmund's House was founded in 1896 by Henry Fitzalan Howard, the 15th Duke of Norfolk, Baron Anatole von Hügel as an institution providing board and lodging for Roman Catholic students at the University of Cambridge. After Catholic Emancipation, in particular after the repeal of the Test Acts in 1873, students who were Roman Catholics were admitted as members of the university. In its early days the college functioned predominantly as a lodging house, or residential hall of residence, for students who were matriculated at other colleges.
Most of the students, at that time, were ordained Catholic priests who were reading various subjects offered by the university. The college was established in the buildings of Ayerst Hostel, set up for non-collegiate students by the Reverend William Ayerst in 1884, its founding master for Fr Edmund Nolan Vice-Rector of St Edmund's College Ware. In 1896 Ayerst Hostel had to close due to lack of funds, the property was transferred to the Catholic Church. Attempts to make St Edmund's House into a fully-fledged constituent college were made at various times after foundation, but were met by continuing hostility by the predominantly Protestant body of Cambridge MAs, graduates of the university who had the right to vote in the Senate House. Due to Cambridge's Anglican student body, large numbers of MAs scuppered any attempt to grant St Edmund's House full collegiate status as they viewed it as a "papist" institution. Despite the initial pushback, the college continued its development, the chapel was consecrated in 1916 by Cardinal Francis Bourne, Archbishop of Wesminster.
A new dining hall was painstakingly constructed in 1939 and the membership of the college increased as it became a recognized House of Residence of the university, just below official college status. In response to growing postgraduate student numbers in the early 1960s, the Regent House of the university established several colleges for postgraduate students, St Edmund's House became one of the graduate colleges in the university; this spurred further progress regarding St Edmund's status within the university, in 1965, the college was permitted to matriculate its own students and new fellows were elected. In 1975 St Edmund's acquired the status of an "Approved Foundation", after the transfer of the college assets from the Catholic Church to the Masters and Fellows of the college in 1986, the college changed its name from "St Edmund's House" to "St Edmund's College" and received full collegiate status in 1996; the college now accepts students of none. In 2000, a new residential building housing 50 students was opened, named after Richard Laws, one of the former masters.
In 2006, two new residential buildings, including rooms for 70 students as well as apartments for couples, were opened. In 2016, major plans were announced for the development of two new courts and several buildings which will expand the college and provide modern, world class facilities for the scholars and students of St Edmunds College. While contemporary, the buildings external features and material will be in the traditional architectural vernacular, found elsewhere in the college. Large brick buildings with close detail will form the perimeter of the two new courts and a new multi-million pound student centre will frame the west side of the college; the expansion plans were approved by Cambridge city councillors in June 2017. St Edmund's is one of the most international colleges of the university, with students from over 70 countries; the full spectrum of academic subjects is represented in the college. The