Thusis is a municipality in the Viamala Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. On 1 January 2018 the former municipality of Mutten merged into the municipality of Thusis. Thusis is first mentioned in 1156 as Tosana. Thusis has an area, as of 2006, of 6.8 km2. Of this area, 18% is used for agricultural purposes, while 58.2% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 15.2% is settled and the remainder is non-productive. The municipality is the capital of the Thusis sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district, after 2017 it was part of the Viamala Region, it is the center of the Hinterrhein valley and is located at the confluence of the Hinterrhein and Nolla rivers. Thusis is at the end of the Viamala canyon, it consists of the village of Thusis and, since 1875, includes Übernolla. Thusis has a population of 9,269; as of 2008, 23.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 0.7%. As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 50.4% male and 49.6% female.
The age distribution, as of 2000, in Thusis is. 142 people or 5.2% are 10 to 14, 141 people or 5.2% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 354 people or 13.0% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 460 people or 16.9% are 30 to 39, 402 people or 14.8% are 40 to 49, 333 people or 12.3% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 255 people or 9.4% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 195 people or 7.2% are 70 to 79, there are 104 people or 3.8% who are 80 to 89, there are 27 people or 1.0% who are 90 to 99. In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 31.4% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS, the FDP and the CVP. In Thusis about 63.5% of the population have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education. Thusis has an unemployment rate of 1.65%. As of 2005, there were 15 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 5 businesses involved in this sector.
525 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 36 businesses in this sector. 1,325 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 190 businesses in this sector. From the 2000 census, 1,085 or 39.9% are Roman Catholic, while 1,096 or 40.3% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are 134 individuals who belong to the Orthodox Church, there are 46 individuals who belong to another Christian church. There are less than 5 individuals who are Jewish, 96 who are Islamic. There are 64 individuals who belong to another church, 101 belong to no church, are agnostic or atheist, 95 individuals did not answer the question; the historical population is given in the following table: Most of the population speaks German, with Serbo-Croatian being second most common and Italian being third. Thusis has an average of 101.6 days of rain per year and on average receives 892 mm of precipitation. The wettest month is August. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 10.7 days.
The month with the most days of precipitation is June, with an average of 10.7, but with only 97 mm of precipitation. The driest month of the year is February with an average of 42 mm of precipitation over 10.7 days. Located a short distance to the southwest of Chur, Thusis is accessible using the A13 Autobahn. Rhätische Bahn operates services to Thusis. Anton Aberle a German–Swiss architect Luzius Rüedi a Swiss ice hockey player who won a bronze medal in the 1928 Winter Olympics Official website
Disentis/Mustér railway station
Disentis/Mustér is the eastern terminus of the Matterhorn Gotthard Bahn line from Brig via Andermatt, the western terminus of the Rhaetian Railway line from Landquart via Chur and Reichenau-Tamins. The station is located on the south bank of the river in the village and municipality of Disentis/Mustér, in the Swiss canton of Graubünden; the station has three platform tracks, served by a side platform and an island platform, which are situated beneath an overall canopy. The station building is on the northern side of the line and gives direct access to the side platform, whilst the island platform is accessed through a pedestrian subway. To the south of the island platform there are several additional through tracks, there are sidings on both sides of the station; the station is served by Rhaetian Railway trains on the RE3/R31 services, which provide 1 train per hour to and from Landquart and Chur, by Matterhorn Gotthard Bahn regional trains, which provide an hourly train to Andermatt. These two services connect in Disentis/Mustér.
Several times a day, the jointly operated Glacier Express train stops at the station, on its tourist-oriented services between Zermatt and St Moritz/Davos Platz. Postauto Connections: Routes / Destinations in italics are seasonal; some buses above need to be reserved by telephone 1 hour or sometimes more, prior to timetabled departure - check the timetables and all applicable footnotes - many buses only run on i) Schooldays ii) Request iii) Weekends iv) Summer Holidays - Check before you travel - https://www.postauto.ch/en/timetable-and-offers Matterhorn Gotthard Bahn Rhaetian Railway
The Rhaetian Railway, abbreviated RhB, is a Swiss transport company that owns the largest network of all private railway operators in Switzerland. The RhB operates all the railway lines of the Swiss canton of Graubünden/Grisons, except for the line from Sargans to the cantonal capital, which are operated by the Swiss Federal Railways, the line from Disentis/Mustér to the Oberalp Pass, further on to Andermatt, operated by Matterhorn Gotthard Bahn. Inaugurated in 1888 and expanded from 1896 onwards in various sections, the RhB network is located entirely within Graubünden, with one station across the Italian border at Tirano; the Rhaetian Railway serves a number such as St Moritz and Davos. One of the RhB lines, the Bernina Railway, crosses the Bernina Pass at 2,253 metres above sea level and runs down to Tirano, Lombardy in Italy. In 2008, the RhB section from the Albula/Bernina area was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites; the Albula-Bernina line is the first rail line in the world to be photographed and put on Google Street View.
The establishment of the Rhaetian Railway traces back to Dutchman Willem Jan Holsboer, who proposed a railway line from Landquart to Davos in 1888. Holsboer founded the Lanquart-Davos AG to begin construction of a standard-gauge line, but the mountainous terrain lacked sufficient space. On 29 June 1888, a ground-breaking ceremony took place for a narrow-gauge railway instead. In 1895, Holsboer changed his company's name to the Rhaetian Railway to reflect his plans for network expansion. In 1897, a referendum was held for the Rhaetian Railway to bid on operations of the Graubünden/Grisons State Railways. During the years 1907 to 1910, the Rhaetian Railway, in collaboration with the federal and cantonal governments, undertook a large-scale expansion of its network. In 1896, the Chur-Thusis line opened. All RhB lines are 1,000 mm metre gauge wide and electrified: 61 km is electrified at 1000 V DC. 321 km is electrified at 11 kV 16.7 Hz. The network contains 383 bridges; the maximum gradient is 7% on the Bernina railway, 6% on the Chur–Arosa line and 4.5% on Landquart–Davos line.
Current passenger services as operated by the RhB: In 2002 the annual traffic carried by the RhB was 300 million passenger-kilometres and 54 million tonne-kilometres of freight. 80% of the passenger income comes from tourist traffic, although 40% of passengers are local commuters. Landquart railway station in Graubünden is the starting point of the Rhaetian Railway as part of the Landquart-Davos line, operationally as the company's main workshop, topologically as the 0 kilometre point of the company's core network; the Landquart-Davos line is the oldest in the Rhaetian Railway network. After leaving Landquart, the line to Davos crosses the river Landquart, generally follows the river upstream as far as Klosters, crossing the river several times along the way. Just beyond Klosters, there are two tunnels. One of these is for the Vereina line; the other, the Klosters loop tunnel, takes the Davos line at a 45 degree angle towards the west. The line to Davos loops back towards the east, inside the Cavadürli loop tunnel, continues through dense larch and other coniferous forests to the Davos Laret.
The highest point on the line is Davos Wolfgang. The line leads back down and along Lake Davos to Davos Dorf, the terminus at Davos Platz; the connecting line from Davos Platz to the Albula Railway at Filisur passes through wild gorges, is technically interesting, not only due to its famous Wiesen Viaduct. The Davos–Filisur line is 19 km long, runs through 14 tunnels extending a total of 4,200 m in length, crosses 28 bridges, it was electrified in 1919. Starting in the Rhine valley, the Landquart-Thusis line runs more or less parallel with the Swiss Federal Railways' Sargans-Landquart-Chur standard gauge line as far as Chur; the line to Thusis simply follows the course of the Rhine to Bonaduz. From there, it follows the Posterior Rhine from Rhäzüns to Thusis; this line begins in Thusis. It continues toward Tiefencastel following the Albula and crosses the Landwasser Viaduct before arriving at Filisur. Shortly after Filisur the line passes its first spiral tunnel continues to Bergün/Bravuogn. Between Bergün/Bravuogn and Preda, at the end of the valley, the line has to achieve a difference in height of about 400 metres inside a horizontal distance of 5 kilometres, without using rack-and-pinion, but with many spirals.
The line enters the Albula Tunnel at 1,815 metres under the Albula Pass. It emerges in the Val Bever; the line continues toward Samedan and arrives at St. Moritz. In 2009 it was announced that an examination of the Albula Tunnel conducted in 2006 had found major degradation of the tunnel, with over 60% of the lining in need of replacement. Furthermore, the bores are small by modern standards, cabling and drainage all need replacement; as a result, it was announc
Reichenau is a village in the municipality of Tamins in the Canton of Graubünden, where the two Rhine tributaries Vorderrhein and Hinterrhein meet, forming the Alpine Rhine. It is a major traffic junction of the routes from Chur towards the Oberalp Pass and Lukmanier Pass and from Chur towards San Bernardino Pass and Julier Pass; the civilisation of the place is traced back until the year 500. The name originates from the Benedictine Abbey of Reichenau on Reichenau Island in Lake Constance which owned properties in this area during the Middle Ages; the monastery was founded in 724 and drew to itself abbots with connections to the highest Carolingian and Ottonian society. See Abbey of Reichenau. In the 14th century the first bridges were built over the Rhine tributaries. A roadhouse was built 1570 to collect the bridge toll. In the 17th century the first buildings for the sovereignty of Reichenau were built which became the castle of Reichenau; the Rhaetian Railway reached Reichenau 1896. Rhaetian Railway operate services to Reichenau-Tamins nearby.
Armon Planta: Verkehrswege im alten Rätien. Band 4. Chur, 1990. ISBN 3-905241-06-4 Reichenau in German and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland
Scuol is a municipality in the Engiadina Bassa/Val Müstair Region in the Swiss canton of Grisons. The official language in Scuol is Romansh. On 1 January 2015 the former municipalities of Ardez, Tarasp and Sent merged into Scuol; the official name has undergone several changes in the 20th century: Until 1943, the official name of the municipality was Schuls. In 1943, it was changed to Bad Scuol/Schuls. In 1970 Schuls was dropped as an official name. In 1999 Bad was dropped, leaving today's Scuol. Scuol is first mentioned in 1095 as Schulles; the Neo-Renaissance style Grand Hotel Waldhaus Vulpera in Scuol-Tarasp with Sgraffito-Elements was opened on 8 June 1897 and was one of the first addresses in the Swiss Alps and was a major Belle Époque monument in Europe. After the 2015 merger Scuol had an area of 438.63 km2. Before the merger Scuol had an area, of 144.14 square kilometers. Of this area, about 26.9 % is used for agricultural purposes. Of the rest of the land, 1.2% is settled and 46.1% is unproductive land.
Over the past two decades the amount of land, settled has increased by 37 ha and the agricultural land has decreased by 146 ha. The whole southern face towards Piz Champatsch on 2,785 meters is being used as a skiing area called "Motta Naluns", named after a place north of Scuol; the resort has 80 kilometers of 12 lifts. Before 2017 it was the municipality is the capital of the Inn district and was located in the Suot Tasna sub-district, after 2017 it was part of the Engiadina Bassa/Val Müstair Region, it is the business center of the Unterengadin valley. It is the largest village on the left side of the Inn river, it consists of the village of the old mining village of S-charl. Until 1970 Scuol was known as Scuol/Schuls. Scuol has a population of 4,598; as of 2008, 23.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 1.4%. As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 51.5 % female. The age distribution, as of 2000, in Scuol is.
106 teenagers or 5.0% are 10 to 14, 139 teenagers or 6.6% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 248 people or 11.7 % of the population are between 29 years old. 334 people or 15.7% are 30 to 39, 306 people or 14.4% are 40 to 49, 278 people or 13.1% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 201 people or 9.5% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 154 people or 7.3% are 70 to 79, there are 115 people or 5.4% who are 80 to 89, there are 21 people or 1.0% who are 90 to 99. In 2013 there were 1,073 private households in Scuol. Of the 694 inhabited buildings in the municipality, in 2000, about 41.6% were single family homes and 36.6% were multiple family buildings. Additionally, about 36.5% of the buildings were built before 1919, while 11.4% were built between 1991 and 2000. In 2012 the rate of construction of new housing units per 1000 residents was 20.57. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2014, was 2.48%. The historical population is given in the following chart: Half of the population speaks Rhaeto-Romance, with German being second most common and Italian being third.
Scuol is host to a branch of the Lia Rumantscha. As of 2012, there were a total of 2,240 people employed in the municipality. Of these, a total of 39 people worked in 13 businesses in the primary economic sector; the secondary sector employed 394 workers in 33 separate businesses. The tertiary sector provided 1,807 jobs in 265 businesses. In 2013 a total of 20.6% of the population received social assistance. In the 2011 federal election the most popular party was the BDP with 43.2% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP, the SP and the FDP. In the federal election, a total of 666 votes were cast, the voter turnout was 46.0%. In 2014 the crime rate, of the over 200 crimes listed in the Swiss Criminal Code, in Scuol was 41.3 per thousand residents. This rate is only 63.9% of the average rate in the entire country. During the same period, the rate of drug crimes was 8.5 per thousand residents and the rate of violations of immigration and work permit laws was 0.9 per thousand. In Scuol about 69.7% of the population have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education.
There is one small regional hospital, called Ospidal Engiadina Bassa. The hospital celebrated its 100th anniversary on 21 June 2008, it is one of the country's smallest hospitals, offering basic services such as departments of surgery, internal medicine, dermatology, gynecology, a 24-hour Emergency Department, a 2-bed intensive care unit. Understandably for a mountain resort with a major ski region, orthopedic procedures are common; the Baselgia refurmada, the Chasa Wieland Nr. 29 and the Kurhaus Bad Tarasp in Scuol, the Chasté and the Doppelwohnhaus in Ardez, Tarasp Castle and the Trinkhalle in Tarasp are all listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance. The Chastè site includes settlements from the late Bronze Age into the early Iron A
St. Moritz is a high Alpine resort town in the Engadine in Switzerland, at an elevation of about 1,800 metres above sea level, it is Upper Engadine's major village and a municipality in the district of Maloja in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. St. Moritz lies on the southern slopes of the Albula Alps below the Piz Nair overlooking the flat and wide glaciated valley of the Upper Engadine and eponymous lake: Lake St. Moritz, it hosted the Winter Olympics in 1928 and 1948. Votive offerings and needles from the Bronze Age found at the base of the springs in St. Moritz indicate that the Celts had discovered them. St. Moritz is first mentioned around 1137–39 as ad sanctum Mauricium; the village was named after Saint Maurice, an early Christian saint from southern Egypt said to have been martyred in 3rd century Roman Switzerland while serving as leader of the Theban Legion. Pilgrims traveled to Saint Mauritius to the church of the springs, where they drank from the blessed, bubbling waters of the Mauritius springs in the hopes of being healed.
In 1519, the Medici pope, Leo X, promised full absolution to anyone making a pilgrimage to the church of the springs. In the 16th century, the first scientific treatises about the St. Moritz mineral springs were written. In 1535, the great practitioner of nature cures, spent some time in St. Moritz. Although it received some visitors during the summer, the origins of the winter resort only date back 154 years ago to September 1864, when St. Moritz hotel pioneer Caspar Badrutt made a wager with four British summer guests: they should return in winter and, in the event that the village was not to their liking, he would reimburse their travel costs. If they were to find St. Moritz attractive in winter, he would invite them to stay as his guests for as long as they wished; this marked not only the start of winter tourism in St. Moritz but the start of winter tourism in the whole of the Alps; the first tourist office in Switzerland was established the same year in the village. St. Moritz developed in the late nineteenth century.
The first European Ice-Skating Championships were held at St. Moritz in 1882 and first golf tournament in the Alps held in 1889; the first bob run and bob race was held in 1890. By 1896, St. Moritz became the first village in the Alps to install electric trams and opened the Palace Hotel. A horse race was held on snow in 1906, on the frozen lake the following year; the first ski school in Switzerland was established in St. Moritz in 1929. St. Moritz hosted the 1928 Winter Olympics, the stadium still stands today, again in 1948, it has hosted over 20 FIBT World Championships, three FIS Alpine World Ski Championships and over 40 Engadin Skimarathons since 1969. It has hosted many other events since, including some unlikely ones on the frozen lake in the 1970s and 1980s such as a golf tournament, a polo tournament and cricket. St. Moritz has been the venue for many Sailing and Windsurfing World Championships. Since the early 1980s St. Moritz is promoted and known as Top of the World; the expression was registered as a trademark by the tourist office in 1987.
Between 9–12 June 2011, St. Moritz was the site of the Bilderberg Group conference, an annual, invitation-only conference of 120 to 140 guests from North America and Western Europe, most of whom are people of influence. St. Moritz had an area, of 28.69 km2. Of this area, about 26.3 % is used for agricultural purposes. Of the rest of the land, 9.0% is settled and 44.8% is unproductive land. In the 2004/09 survey a total of 160 ha or about 5.6% of the total area was covered with buildings, an increase of 23 ha over the 1985 amount. Over the same time period, the amount of recreational space in the municipality increased by 3 ha and is now about 1.15% of the total area. Of the agricultural land 149 ha is fields and grasslands, 643 ha consists of alpine grazing areas. Since 1985 the amount of agricultural land has decreased by 37 ha. Over the same time period the amount of forested land has increased by 33 ha. Rivers and lakes cover 91 ha in the municipality; the highest summit in the Eastern Alps is Piz Bernina at 4,048.6 m, located 15 km southeast of the village.
Before 2017, the municipality was located in the Oberengadin sub-district of the Maloja district, after 2017 it was part of the Maloja Region. It consists of the settlements of St. Moritz-Dorf, Champfèr, the village section of Suvretta. St. Moritz has been a resort for winter sport vacations since the 19th century. Students from Oxford and Cambridge went there to play each other. St. Moritz was the host city for the Winter Olympic Games in 1928 and 1948, one of three cities to host twice, along with Innsbruck and Lake Placid in the United States, it hosted the FIS Alpine World Ski Championships in 1934, 1974, 2003, 2017. Additionally, St. Moritz has hosted the FIBT World Championships a record 21 times. Since 1985, it has hosted polo tournaments played on snow, featuring many of the world's finest team and played on a specially-marked field on the
Bonaduz (Rhaetian Railway station)
Bonaduz is a station in Bonaduz, Switzerland. It is located on the Chur S-Bahn network from Chur to Thusis; the station is served twice hourly, with S8 from Landquart trains terminating Rhäzüns and S9 trains from Chur continuing to Thusis. Trains on the Chur-St. Moritz line stop at this station during late evening only. R11 - 1tph S9 - 1tph Rhaetian Railway