Spittelmarkt (Berlin U-Bahn)
Spittelmarkt is a Berlin U-Bahn station located on the U 2 line in Mitte, at the eastern end of Leipziger Straße. It opened on 1 October 1908 the terminus of Berlin's second U-Bahn line, connecting it with Potsdamer Platz on the initial Stammstrecke route, it is named after Spittelmarkt square, former site of the Saint Gertrude hospital established about 1400. The station, designed by Alfred Grenander, was lavishly erected right beneath the banks of the Spree river, with daylight windows above the water's surface. Spittelmarkt became a through station with the extension of the line to Alexanderplatz on 1 July 1913. In 1940 the windows were walled up as an air raid precaution. There was a direct bomb hit on the platform area on 3 February 1945, it was only by chance. Since this wall is the sea wall of the Spree, the inner-city tunnel system would have been flooded and would have disrupted the underground traffic in the long term. In 1990 a major accident occurred. Fourteen people were injured. Spilled oil had covered the tracks.
It did not reopen until extensive reconstruction works started in 2003. Media related to U-Bahnhof Spittelmarkt at Wikimedia Commons
Berlin Zoologischer Garten railway station
Berlin Zoologischer Garten Station is a railway station in Berlin, Germany. It is located on the Berlin Stadtbahn railway line in the Charlottenburg district, adjacent to the Berlin Zoo. During the division of the city, the station was the central transport facility of West Berlin, thereafter for the western central area of reunified Berlin until the opening of Berlin Hauptbahnhof in 2006, it is an interchange with the U-Bahn and the S-Bahn, which uses the Stadtbahn viaduct along with RegionalExpress and RegionalBahn trains. The station building overlooks the Hardenbergplatz square, named after Prussian prime minister Karl August von Hardenberg, Berlin's largest city bus terminal and night bus service centre, it is used by long-distance buses/coaches, however the "ZOB", Berlin's central intercity bus terminal, is located on Messedamm in Westend, not far from the Funkturm. Zoologischer Garten is a Berlin U-Bahn station and S-Bahn station located at the Berlin Zoologischer Garten terminal, serving the U-Bahn lines U 2 and U 9, as well as by the S-Bahn lines S 3, S 5, S 7, S 9.
The original station, served by Berlin Stadtbahn commuter trains, opened on 7 February 1882. On 11 March 1902, today the U2, was opened under ground. With a view to the 1936 Summer Olympics, the station was rebuilt and expanded between 1934 and 1940. On the night of 23 and 24 November 1943, the track area was directly hit by bombs, further damage accumulated during the Battle of Berlin. After the final closure of the Anhalter Bahnhof in 1952, Bahnhof Zoo remained the only long-distance railway station operated by the Deutsche Reichsbahn of East Germany within West Berlin. On 28 August 1961, two weeks after the erection of the Berlin Wall, the new U-Bahn Line 9 was opened below the U2, connecting the station with the transport network in the north-south direction; the fact that, with only two platforms and four tracks for long-distance trains, the station was still the most important in West Berlin, was another unnatural phenomenon of the divided city. After reunification, despite the outcry from nearby Kurfürstendamm retailers and local politicians, the station lost its importance following the launching of the new Berlin Hauptbahnhof on 28 May 2006, because long-distance services began passing through the station without stopping.
An exception was the famous Sibirjak, which departed from Bahnhof Zoo for the Novosibirsk Trans-Siberian railway station until 2013. The station is served by the following services: Regional services IRE 1 Hamburg – Uelzen – Stendal – Berlin Regional services RE 1 Magdeburg – Brandenburg – Potsdam – Berlin – Fürstenwalde – Frankfurt Regional services RE 2 Wismar – Schwerin – Wittenberge – Nauen – Berlin – Königs Wusterhausen – Lübben – Cottbus Regional services RE 7 Dessau – Bad Belzig – Michendorf – Berlin – Berlin-Schönefeld Airport – Wünsdorf-Waldstadt Local services RB 14 Nauen – Falkensee – Berlin – Berlin-Schönefeld Airport Local services RB 21 Wustermark – Golm – Potsdam – Berlin Local services RB 22 Königs Wusterhausen – Berlin-Schönefeld Airport – Saarmund – Golm – Potsdam – Berlin Berlin S-Bahn services S 3 Spandau - Westkreuz - Hauptbahnhof – Alexanderplatz – Ostbahnhof – Karlshorst – Köpenick – Erkner Berlin S-Bahn services S 5 Westkreuz - Hauptbahnhof - Alexanderplatz - Ostbahnhof - Lichtenberg - Strausberg Nord Berlin S-Bahn services S 7 Potsdam - Wannsee - Westkreuz - Hauptbahnhof - Alexanderplatz - Ostbahnhof - Lichtenberg - Ahrensfelde Berlin S-Bahn services S 9 Spandau - Westkreuz - Hauptbahnhof - Alexanderplatz - Ostbahnhof - Schöneweide - Flughafen Schönefeld The station is well known as the setting of the 1978 book Wir Kinder vom Bahnhof Zoo, written by the Stern journalists Kai Hermann and Horst Rieck according to the interviews with Christiane Felscherinow.
It became a bestseller in Germany, dramatising the period in the late 1970s when the rear of the station facing Jebensstraße was a meeting point for rent-boys, teen runaways, drug addicts. The film Christiane F. – We Children from Bahnhof Zoo directed by Uli Edel was released in 1981. The 1991 U2 song "Zoo Station" was inspired by the station, written while the band was recording Achtung Baby at the Hansa Tonstudio in Berlin, which in turn inspired their Zoo TV Tour and the album Zooropa. Although the U-Bahn line U2 today passes through the station, it was numbered U1 at the time; the song "Auf'm Bahnhof Zoo" by Nina Hagen released on the 1978 album Nina Hagen Band refers to the station. The song "Zootime" by Mystery Jets ends with the line Wir sind die Kinder vom Bahnhof Zoo. "Bahnhof Zoo" is a track on the 2005 album Randy the Band by the Swedish band Randy. The song "Big in Japan" by Alphaville refers to the Zoo station in the line "Should I stay here at the Zoo"; the song "Bahnhof Zoo" by port-royal takes its name from the station.
The song "Slept" by The Sisters of Mercy was inspired by this station. The book "Zoo Station: Adventures in East and West Berlin" by Ian Walker was published in 1987 by the Atlantic Monthly Press, it recounts the author's experiences in 1980s Berlin, his encounters with the young people on both sides of the wall, their separation and occasional commingling. The book "Zoo Station" by David Downing published by Soho Press in 2007, it is the first in a series of World War II spy thrillers set in Berlin. Zoo Bahnhof was one of the murder scenes in The Pale Criminal, a historical detective novel by Philip Kerr. Media related to Berlin Zoologischer Garten railway station at Wikimedia Commons
Hausvogteiplatz (Berlin U-Bahn)
Hausvogteiplatz is a Berlin U-Bahn station located on the U 2 in Mitte. The eponymous square, former site of a bastion of the historic city fortification, was named after the Prussian aulic court and prison. In the late 19th century it had developed as a centre of Berlin's clothing industry; the station designed by Alfred Grenander opened on 1 October 1908 with Berlin's second U-Bahn line, running from Potsdamer Platz on the initial Stammstrecke route to Spittelmarkt. During an air raid on 3 February 1945 it was devastated by a direct bomb hit and could not be reopened until 1950. Www.hausvogteiplatz.de
Mitte is the first and most central borough of Berlin. The borough consists of six sub-entities: Mitte proper, Hansaviertel, Moabit and Wedding, it is one of the two boroughs. Mitte encompasses Berlin's historic core and includes some of the most important tourist sites of Berlin like Museum Island, the TV tower, Checkpoint Charlie, Brandenburg Gate, Unter den Linden, Potsdamer Platz, the Reichstag and Berlin Hauptbahnhof, most of which were in former East Berlin; when Berliners refer to Mitte they mean the smaller locality rather than the larger borough. Mitte is located in the central part of Berlin along the Spree River, it borders on Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf in the west, Reinickendorf in the north, Pankow in the east, Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg in the southeast, Tempelhof-Schöneberg in the southwest. In the middle of the Spree lies Museum Island with its museums and Berlin Cathedral; the central square in Mitte is Alexanderplatz with the prominent Fernsehturm, Germany's highest building, the large railway station with connections to many subway, city trains and buses.
There are some important streets which connect Mitte with the other boroughs, e.g. the boulevard Unter den Linden which connects Alexanderplatz to the west with Brandenburg Gate and runs further as Straße des 17. Juni to the Victory Column and the centre of former West Berlin in Charlottenburg, or Karl-Marx-Allee from Alexanderplatz to Friedrichshain and the eastern suburbs; the former Mitte district had been established by the 1920 Greater Berlin Act and comprised large parts of the historic city around Alt-Berlin and Cölln. Brandenburg Gate was the western exit at the Berlin city boundary until 1861. Between 1961 and 1990, Mitte was the central part of East Berlin, however at the same time it was surrounded by the Berlin Wall at its north and west. There were some border control points, the most famous of, Checkpoint Charlie between Kreuzberg and Mitte, operated by the United States Army and its allies and was open to foreigners and diplomats. Two other checkpoints were at Heinrich-Heine-Straße/Prinzenstraße east of Checkpoint Charlie, open to citizens of West Germany and West Berlin and on Invalidenstraße in the north on the border with the West Berlin Tiergarten district.
The government district is located in the locality of Tiergarten around the Reichstag Building. Most institutions of the German government have their seat at the Regierungsviertel Bundestag, the German parliament in the old Reichstag Building Bellevue Palace, seat of the Federal President German Chancellery Offices of the Abgeordneten, members of the parliament, in the Paul-Löbe-Haus and the Marie-Elisabeth-Lüders-Haus Federal Ministry of the Interior Many embassies and the Federal Ministry of Defence in the historic embassy quarter in the south of the Tiergarten Park. Großer Tiergarten is the name of the biggest urban park in Mitte, located in the same-named locality; the Tiergarten Park was established as a hunting ground in the 16th century by the Prussian kings. Today its enclosed by densely built-up areas by Hansaviertel and Moabit in the north, the Government District in the east and the City West and the Embassy Quarter in the southwest. Many cultural monuments and memorials are located in the Tiergarten Park, like the Siegessäule, the Soviet War Memorial and a historic rose garden.
The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, the biggest victim group of the Nazi-Diktatorship, is located on the east side of the park, near the Brandenburg Gate and the place where once Hitler's New Reich Chancellery was. The Kulturforum was built in the 1950s and 1960s at the edge of West Berlin, after most of the once unified city's cultural assets had been lost behind the Berlin Wall; the Kulturforum is characterized by its innovative modernist architecture. Among the cultural institutions housed in and around the Kulturforum are: Neue Nationalgalerie Gemäldegalerie Museum of Decorative Arts Musical Instrument Museum Kupferstichkabinett Art Library Berliner Philharmonie Chamber Music Hall Berlin State Library Ibero-American Institute Wissenschaftszentrum St. Matthäus-Kirche Berlin Alexanderplatz, a 1929 novel by Alfred Döblin Mitte 1, a 2013 novel by Albrecht Behmel Berlin Mitte, Norman Ohler Unter diesem Einfluss, Henning Kober The present-day borough of Mitte consists of six localities: As of 2010, the district had a population of 322,919, of whom 144.000 had a migration background.
In the former West Berlin areas of Wedding and Moabit, foreigners and Germans of foreign origin compose nearly 70% of the population, while in Mitte proper the share of migrants is low. The immigrant community is quite diverse, Turks, Eastern Europeans and East Asians form the largest groups. At the 2016 elections for the parliament of the borough the following parties were elected: SPD 14 Alliance'90/The Greens 14 The Left 10 CDU 7 Alternative for Germany 5 Free Democratic Party 3 Pirate Party 2 Higashiōsaka, Japan since 1959 Holon, Israel since 1970 Bottrop, Germany since 1983 Schwalm-Eder-Kreis since 1992 Shinjuku, Japan since 1994 Tsuwano, Japan since 1995 Tourcoing, France since 1995 VI. kerület, Hungary since 2005 Central Administrative Okrug, Russia since 2006 Berlin Mitte Official homepage Official homepage of Berlin
Kaiserdamm (Berlin U-Bahn)
Kaiserdamm is a Berlin U-Bahn station located on the U 2. It is linked to the Berlin S-Bahn station of Messe Nord/ICC. Opened in 1908, this station was built by A. Grenander. In 1936, it was renamed to Kaiserdamm/Messedamm. However, protests from the people living nearby led to another change to the former name. Messe Berlin International Congress Centrum Berlin Zentraler Omnibus-Bahnhof
Möckernbrücke (Berlin U-Bahn)
Möckernbrücke is a station of the Berlin U-Bahn network in the western Kreuzberg district, named after a nearby bridge crossing the Landwehrkanal. It is in the vicinity of Potsdamer Platz; the station located on a viaduct at the northern shore of the Landwehrkanal is part of the first Stammstrecke route of the Berlin U-Bahn opened on 15 February 1902. As the station served the nearby Anhalter Bahnhof the original building was soon getting too small to cope with the rising number of passengers, it therefore was demolished and replaced by the current station opened on 25 March 1937. Damaged by air raids it was closed on 30 January 1944 and not reopened until 16 June 1947. In the course of the extension of the U7 line from Mehringdamm to the west a twin underground station was built at the southern shore of the Landwehrkanal; the U7 platform opened on 28 February 1966 Möckernbrücke became the line's western terminus until the second continuation to Fehrbelliner Platz on 29 January 1971. The U1/U3 and U7 platforms are connected by a glazed bridge over the Landwehr Canal.
U 1U 3: The next station is Hallesches Tor or Gleisdreieck.
An island platform is a station layout arrangement where a single platform is positioned between two tracks within a railway station, tram stop or transitway interchange. Island platforms are popular on twin-track routes due to cost-effective reasons, they are useful within larger stations where local and express services for the same direction of travel can be provided from opposite sides of the same platform thereby simplifying transfers between the two tracks. An alternative arrangement is to position side platforms on either side of the tracks; the historical use of island platforms depends upon the location. In the United Kingdom the use of island platforms is common when the railway line is in a cutting or raised on an embankment, as this makes it easier to provide access to the platform without walking across the tracks. Island platforms are necessary for any station with many through platforms. Building small two-track stations with a single island platform instead of two side platforms does have advantages.
Island platforms allow facilities such as shops and waiting rooms to be shared between both tracks rather than being duplicated or present only on one side. An island platform makes it easier for wheelchair users and other people with physical limitations to change services between tracks or access facilities. If the tracks are above or below the entrance level, an island platform layout requires only one staircase and one elevator be built to access the platforms. Building the tracks and entrance at the same level creates a disadvantage. If an island platform is not wide enough to cope with passenger numbers, overcrowding can be a problem. Examples of stations where a narrow island platform has caused safety issues include Clapham Common and Angel on the London Underground. An island platform requires the tracks to diverge around the center platform, extra width is required along the right-of-way on each approach to the station on high-speed lines. Track centers vary for rail systems throughout the world but are 3 to 5 meters.
If the island platform is 6 meters wide, the tracks must slew out by the same distance. While this requirement is not a problem on a new line under construction, it makes building a new station on an existing line impossible without altering the tracks. A single island platform makes it quite difficult to have through tracks, which are between the local tracks. A common configuration in busy locations on high speed lines is a pair of island platforms, with slower trains diverging from the main line so that the main line tracks remain straight. High-speed trains can therefore pass straight through the station, while slow trains pass around the platforms; this arrangement allows the station to serve as a point where slow trains can be passed by faster trains. A variation at some stations is to have the slow and fast pairs of tracks each served by island platforms A rarer layout, present at Mets-Willets Point on the IRT Flushing Line, 34th Street – Penn Station on the IRT Seventh Avenue Line and 34th Street – Penn Station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, uses two side platforms for local services with an island in between for express services.
The purpose of this atypical design was to reduce unnecessary passenger congestion at a station with a high volume of passengers. Since the IRT Seventh Avenue Line and IND Eighth Avenue Line have adjacent express stations at 42nd Street, passengers can make their transfers from local to express trains there, leaving more space available for passengers utilizing intercity rail at Pennsylvania Station; the Willets Point Boulevard station was renovated to accommodate the high volume of passengers coming to the 1939 World's Fair. Many of the stations on the Great Central Railway were constructed in this form; this was. If this happened, the lines would need to be compatible with continental loading gauge, this would mean it would be easy to change the line to a larger gauge, by moving the track away from the platform to allow the wider bodied continental rolling stock to pass while leaving the platform area untouched. Island platforms are a normal sight on Indian railway stations. All railway stations in India consist of island platforms.
In Toronto, 29 subway stations use island platforms. In Sydney, on the Eastern Suburbs Railway and the Epping Chatswood Railway, the twin tunnels are spaced and the tracks can remain at a constant track centres while still leaving room for the island platforms. A slight disadvantage is. In Edmonton, all 18 LRT stations on the Capital Line and Metro Line use island platforms; the Valley Line under construction, utilizes the new low-floor LRT technology, but will only use island platforms on one of the twelve stops along the line. In southern New Jersey and Philadelphia, PATCO uses island platforms in all of its 13 s