John Christopher Depp II is an American actor and musician. He has been nominated for ten Golden Globe Awards, winning one for Best Actor for his performance of the title role in Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street and has been nominated for three Academy Awards for Best Actor, among other accolades. Depp rose to prominence on the 1980s television series 21 Jump Street, he is regarded as one of the world's biggest film stars. He has gained praise from reviewers for his portrayals of screenwriter-director Ed Wood in Ed Wood, undercover FBI agent Joseph D. Pistone in Donnie Brasco, author J. M. Barrie in Finding Neverland, Boston gangster Whitey Bulger in Black Mass. Depp is the third highest-grossing actor worldwide, as films featuring Depp have grossed over US$3.7 billion at the United States box office and over US$10 billion worldwide. He has been listed in the 2012 Guinness World Records as the world's highest-paid actor, with earnings of US$75 million, his most commercially successful films are the Pirates of the Caribbean series, which grossed US$4.5 billion, the Fantastic Beasts film series, which grossed US$1.3 billion, Alice in Wonderland, which grossed US$1 billion and the Chocolate Factory, which grossed US$474 million, The Tourist, which grossed US$278 million.
Depp had a supporting role in Oliver Stone's 1986 Vietnam War film Platoon and played the title character in the 1990 romantic dark fantasy Edward Scissorhands. He found box office success in the adventure film Sleepy Hollow, the swashbuckler film series Pirates of the Caribbean, the fantasy films Charlie and the Chocolate Factory and Alice in Wonderland, the animated comedy western Rango, most Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald. Depp has collaborated on nine films with director and friend Tim Burton. Depp was inducted as a Disney Legend in 2015, he has performed in numerous musical groups, including forming the rock supergroup Hollywood Vampires along with Alice Cooper and Joe Perry. Depp was born in Owensboro, the youngest of four children of Betty Sue Palmer, a waitress, John Christopher Depp, a civil engineer. Depp is of English ancestry, with some Dutch and French, he is descended from a French Huguenot immigrant and from colonial freedom fighter Elizabeth Key Grinstead, daughter of a British nobleman and an indentured African woman.
Depp moved during his childhood. He and his siblings lived in more than 20 different places settling in Miramar, Florida in 1970. Depp's parents divorced in 1978 when he was 15, his mother married Robert Palmer, whom Depp has called "an inspiration to me."With the gift of a guitar from his mother when he was 12, Depp began playing in various garage bands. A year after his parents' divorce, he dropped out of Miramar High School to become a rock musician, he attempted to go back to school two weeks but the principal told him to follow his dream of being a musician. He played with a band that enjoyed modest local success; the Kids set out together for Los Angeles in pursuit of a record deal, changing their name to Six Gun Method, but the group split up before signing a record deal. Depp subsequently collaborated with the band Rock City Angels and co-wrote their song "Mary", which appeared on Rock City Angels' debut Geffen Records album Young Man's Blues. On December 20, 1983, Depp married Lori Anne Allison, the sister of his band's bass player and singer.
During their marriage she worked as a makeup artist while he worked a variety of odd jobs, including a telemarketer for pens. His wife introduced him to actor Nicolas Cage. Depp and Allison divorced in 1985. Depp's first film role was in the horror film A Nightmare on Elm Street, in which he played the boyfriend of heroine Nancy Thompson and one of Freddy Krueger's victims. After a starring role in the comedy Private Resort, Depp was cast in the lead role of the skating drama Thrashin' by the film's director, but the decision was overridden by its producer. Instead, Depp appeared in a minor supporting role as a Vietnamese-speaking private in Oliver Stone's Vietnam War drama Platoon. Depp became a popular teen idol during the late 1980s, when he starred as a police officer who goes on an undercover operation in a high school in the Fox television series 21 Jump Street, which premiered in 1987, he accepted this role to work with actor Frederic Forrest. Despite his success, Depp felt that the series "forced into the role of product."
He subsequently decided to appear only in films. In 1990, Depp played the title character in Tim Burton's film Edward Scissorhands, in which he starred opposite Dianne Wiest and Winona Ryder; the film was a critical and commercial success that established him as a leading Hollywood actor and began his long association with Burton. Producer Scott Rudin has stated that "basically Johnny Depp is playing Tim Burton in all his movies". In his introduction to Burton on Burton, a book of interviews with the director, Depp called Burton "... a brother, a friend... and brave soul". Depp's first film release in 1990 was a musical comedy set in the 1950s. Although it was not a box office success upon its initial release, over the years it has gained cult classic status. Depp had no film releases in the following two years, with the exception of a brief cameo in Freddy's Dead: The Final Nightmare, the sixth install
A loft can be an upper storey or attic in a building, directly under the roof or just a storage space under the roof accessed by a ladder. A loft apartment refers to large adaptable open space converted for residential use from some other use light industrial. Adding to the confusion, some converted lofts include upper open loft areas. Within certain upper loft areas exist further lofts, which may contain loft areas of their own, so forth. In US usage a loft is an upper room or story in a building in a barn, directly under the roof, used either for storage. In this sense it is synonymous with attic, the major difference being that an attic constitutes an entire floor of the building, while a loft covers only a few rooms, leaving one or more sides open to the lower floor. In British usage, lofts are just a roof space accessed via a hatch and loft ladder, while attics tend to be rooms under the roof accessed via a staircase. Lofts may have a specific purpose, e.g. an "organ loft" in a church. In barns a hayloft is larger than the ground floor as it would contain a year's worth of hay.
An attic or loft can be converted to form functional living accommodation. Loft apartments are apartments that are built from former industrial buildings; when industrial developments are developed into condominiums instead of apartments, they may be called loft condominiums. The general term warehouse-to-loft conversions may sometimes be used for development of industrial buildings into apartments and condominiums. "Loft-style" may refer to developments where a street-level business occupies the first floor while apartment "lofts" are placed above the first floor. Sometimes, loft apartments are one component of municipal urban renewal initiatives that include renovation of industrial buildings into art galleries and studio space as well as promotion of a new part of the city as an "arts district". Popular with artists, they are now sought-after by other bohemians and hipsters, the gentrification of the former manufacturing sectors of medium to large cities is now a familiar pattern. One such sector is Manhattan's Meatpacking District.
The adoption of the Adaptive Reuse Ordinance in the City of Los Angeles is another example of such legislation to encourage the conversion of no longer economically viable industrial and commercial buildings to residential loft communities. Such is the demand for these spaces that real estate developers have taken to creating ready-made "lofts" in urban areas that are gentrifying or that seem primed to do so. While some of these units are created by developers during the renovation of old buildings, a number of them are included in the floor plans of brand new developments. Both types of pre-fab loft offer buyers or renters proximity to urban amenities afforded by traditional lofts, but without perceived safety risks of living in economically depressed industrial areas. Real estate industry distinguishes between two kinds of lofts. "Hard lofts" are former industrial buildings converted to live/work use. "Soft lofts" are loft-style residential buildings built anew. They are open-concept spaces with high ceilings, large windows and cement ceilings.
Soft lofts lack the history of hard lofts. A commercial loft refers to upper storey space in a commercial or industrial building with higher ceilings; such adaptation of loft space, can result in better operating efficiencies for ongoing light industrial and work/live use. A Live/work loft is a residential unit located in a commercially zoned building that has either been issued a certificate of residential occupancy or meets specific criteria making it eligible for the protection of loft laws, which vary state by state. In New York State, a live/work loft must meet the following criteria: The building was used for manufacturing or commercial purposes. Loft Law was designed to protect other entrepreneurs working from home. To qualify for the Loft Law protection, the unit must be residential with the commercial purpose being incidental to the residential use. Loft residents consisted of artists and other artisans taking advantage of cheap rents, large spaces and load-bearing floors. Loft residences were illegal and loft dwellers resided under commercial leases, forgoing basic residential rights such as hot water and sanitation.
To relieve their plight, many state legislatures enacted loft laws. A long building at a shipyard with a considerable floor area on which the lines produced by a naval architect can be laid off in their full dimensions. After that the full-size drawings can be copied with the aid of wooden moulds to which, in turn, the steel frames or, in the case of wooden vessels, the hull moulds, are fashioned
The Proposal (2009 film)
The Proposal is a 2009 American romantic comedy film directed by Anne Fletcher and written by Peter Chiarelli. The film stars Sandra Bullock and Ryan Reynolds with Betty White, Mary Steenburgen and Craig T. Nelson; the plot centers on a Canadian executive who learns that she may face deportation from the U. S. because of her expired visa. Determined to retain her position as editor in chief of a publishing house, she convinces her assistant to temporarily act as her fiancé. Development on the film began in 2005. Principal filming occurred over a period of two months from March to May 2008; the film received mixed reviews from critics, who criticized its script but praised the chemistry between Bullock and Reynolds. It was a box office success, grossing over $317 million worldwide and becoming the 20th highest-grossing film of 2009. Bullock garnered a nomination for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Comedy or Musical. Margaret Tate is a Canadian, executive editor in chief of a New York book publishing company.
After learning she is about to be deported back to Canada because she violated the terms of her work visa, she persuades her assistant, Andrew Paxton, to marry her. She reminds Andrew that if she's deported, the work he put in as her assistant will be lost, he'll be set back in his dream to become an editor. Mr. Gilbertson, a U. S. immigration agent, informs them that he suspects they are committing fraud to avoid Margaret's deportation. Gilbertson tells them. If their answers don't match, Margaret will be deported to Canada permanently and Andrew will be convicted of a felony punishable by a $250,000 fine and five years in prison. Andrew insists that Margaret make him an editor after their marriage and publish the book he's been recommending to her. Margaret agrees; the couple travels to Sitka, Andrew's hometown, to meet his family. Margaret meets Andrew's mother Grace and grandmother Annie, known as "Gammy". During the trip to the family home, Margaret notices that nearly every shop in town carries the name Paxton and learns that Andrew's family is in fact wealthy.
During a welcome home party, Andrew confronts his father, angry about Andrew's dating the boss he has so long disliked and thinks he is using her to get ahead in his career. After their argument, Andrew announces the engagement to everyone. Margaret meets Gertrude, Andrew's ex-girlfriend; the next day and Annie take Margaret to a local bar as part of her bachelorette party to watch a strip dance by a locally famous but over-the-hill exotic dancer, Ramone. Stepping away from the show, Margaret learns from Gertrude that Andrew wanted to become an editor and make his own life and that Andrew had proposed to Gertrude. However, Gertrude refused. Returning home, Margaret learns of the conflict between Joe; that night, Margaret asks Andrew about his relationship with his father. Instead, Margaret opens up to Andrew; the next day, the family convinces them to marry. After Margaret realizes how close Andrew's family is, she becomes upset, gets on Andrew's boat, speeds away with him, she tells him she has been alone since she was sixteen years old after her parents died and had forgotten what it felt like to have a family.
She lets go of stumbles to the back of the boat. Andrew makes a sharp turn to avoid hitting a buoy, Margaret falls out of the boat. Andrew turns the boat around and saves her because she can't swim. At the wedding ceremony, Margaret confesses the truth about the wedding to the guests, including Gilbertson, who informs her she has twenty-four hours to leave for Canada. Margaret returns to the Paxton home to pack her things. Andrew rushes to their room only to find Margaret has left, leaving the aforementioned book manuscript with a note of praise and a promise to publish it. Gertrude asks approvingly if he is going to go after her; as he rushes out to find Margaret, another argument arises between Joe. Annie fakes a heart attack and convinces them to reconcile before she "passes away". After she succeeds in getting things moving again, she owns up to faking the heart attack as it was the only means to get their attention. Andrew's parents realize he loves Margaret, he tells Margaret he loves her in front of the entire office staff.
They kiss go to Gilbertson and inform him they are again engaged, but for real this time. The film ends with Gilbertson asking questions not only to Andrew and Margaret, but Joe, Grace and Ramone. Sandra Bullock as Margaret Tate, a chief editor at a major New York City book publisher. Ryan Reynolds as Andrew Paxton, Margaret's assistant whose ultimate career goal is to become an editor. Mary Steenburgen as Grace Paxton, Andrew's mother. Craig T. Nelson as Joe Paxton, Andrew's father who owns the family business that dominate the entire town of Sitka. Betty White as Grandma Annie, Andrew's grandmother and Joe's mother. Denis O'Hare as Mr. Gilbertson, the immigration agent investigating Margaret's case. Oscar Nuñez as Ramone, a resident of Sitka who holds many jobs, including waiter, male stripper and minister. Malin Åkerman as Gertrude, Andrew's ex-girlfriend. Michael Nouri as publisher Bergen, Tate's superior. Aasif Mandvi as Bob Spaulding, an editor. Michael Mosley as Chuck, Andrew's friend. Peter Chiarelli wrote the script for the film in 2005.
In May 2007, it was announced. Julia Roberts was
New Kids is a Dutch comedy sketch show about a group of anti-social youths from Maaskantje, a village in the southern province of North Brabant. It was created by Flip van der Kuil; the show was first shown on Flabber.nl, a Dutch blog, as a succession to De Pulpshow, which aired in 2001. It was picked up by 101 TV and Comedy Central, it was named New Kids on the Block for the first two seasons. The show became popular in both the Netherlands and Germany and spawned two full-length movies, New Kids Turbo and New Kids Nitro. Most of the locations shot in New Kids are filmed in the nearby village Den Dungen; the main characters habitually use the word'kut' at the end of a sentence, verrekte kut. The series follows the misadventures of a group of young men, who live in the small village of Maaskantje in North Brabant. Maaskantje's distinctly rustic and pleasant appearance as a traditional village is juxtaposed by the actions of the group, who are antisocial and indulge in the'Gabber' culture, they ride noisily around the village in a garish Opel Manta.
Just about every sentence they speak is mindlessly punctuated by the expletive'kut'. Although most of the characters work, none of them appear adept in their jobs. Visually, the group have dated hairstyles. Despite their antisocial and immature mentality, the group exhibits any serious malicious intent in their actions. A distinct feature of the main characters is the presence of a heavy, somewhat exaggerated Brabantian dialect, noticeable in the characters' pronunciation of'jongen'. In the German synchronisation the actors voice themselves with a heavy Dutch accent. New Kids on IMDb
Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)
Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince is a 2009 fantasy film directed by David Yates and distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures, it is based on J. K. Rowling's 2005 novel of the same name; the film, the sixth instalment in the Harry Potter film series, was written by Steve Kloves and produced by David Heyman and David Barron. The story follows Harry Potter's sixth year at Hogwarts as he receives a mysterious textbook, falls in love, attempts to retrieve a memory that holds the key to Lord Voldemort's downfall; the film stars Daniel Radcliffe as Harry Potter, alongside Rupert Grint and Emma Watson as Harry's best friends Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger. It is the sequel to Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix and is followed by Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1. Filming began on 24 September 2007, leading to the film's worldwide cinematic release on 15 July 2009, one day short of the fourth anniversary of the corresponding novel's release; the film was released in regular cinemas and IMAX 3D everywhere except North America, where its IMAX release was delayed for two weeks.
Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince premiered in London on 7 July 2009 and was released theatrically worldwide on 15 July. The film was a major commercial success, breaking the record for the biggest single-day worldwide gross. In five days the film made $394 million, breaking the record for highest five-day worldwide gross. With a total gross of $934 million, it became the 8th-highest-grossing film of all time and 2009's second-highest-grossing film, it is the 50th-highest-grossing film of all time worldwide unadjusted for inflation. It is the fifth-highest-grossing film in the franchise; the film received positive reviews, with praise for Yates's direction and the performances, musical score, "emotionally satisfying" story. The film was nominated at the 82nd Academy Awards for Best Cinematography and the 63rd British Academy Film Awards for Best Special Visual Effects and Best Production Design. Lord Voldemort is tightening his grip on both the wizarding and Muggle worlds, kidnapping Ollivander from Diagon Alley and destroying the Millennium Bridge.
The Malfoy family is disgraced when Lucius is apprehended and sent to Azkaban for his involvement with the Death Eaters. Voldemort instead chooses Draco to carry out a secret mission at Hogwarts. Draco's mother Narcissa and aunt Bellatrix Lestrange seek help from Severus Snape, who claims to have been acting as a mole within the Order of the Phoenix all along. Snape makes an Unbreakable Vow with Narcissa to protect Draco and fulfill the assignment if he fails. Harry Potter, now 16 years old, accompanies Albus Dumbledore from Surbiton to the village of Budleigh Babberton to visit former Potions professor Horace Slughorn. Slughorn, in hiding, agrees to return to teach at Hogwarts. Dumbledore takes Harry to The Burrow, where Harry reunites with his best friends, Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger; the three visit Fred and George Weasley's new joke shop at Diagon Alley and see Draco entering Knockturn Alley with a group of Death Eaters including Fenrir Greyback. Harry believes Voldemort has made Draco a Death Eater.
On the Hogwarts Express, Harry hides in the Slytherin carriage using his Invisibility Cloak, but is spotted and petrified by Malfoy. Harry is saved by Luna Lovegood. At Hogwarts and Ron borrow textbooks for Slughorn's Potions class, Harry is stuck with a copy that turns out to be filled with helpful notes and spells left by the "Half-Blood Prince". Harry uses the book to excel in impresses Slughorn, winning a Liquid Luck potion. Ron becomes Keeper of the Gryffindor Quidditch team and forms a romantic relationship with Lavender Brown, upsetting Hermione. Harry admits that he now has feelings for Ron's younger sister, Ginny Weasley. Harry spends the Christmas holidays with the Weasleys. On Christmas Eve, Harry discusses his suspicions about Draco to the Order of the Phoenix, his suspicions are dismissed, but Arthur Weasley tells Harry that the Malfoys may have been interested in a Vanishing Cabinet. Bellatrix and Greyback burn down the Burrow, drawing Harry into a battle, he saves Ginny before the Order fight off the Death Eaters.
At Hogwarts, Dumbledore reveals to Harry that Slughorn possesses a memory of Voldemort that Dumbledore needs. He asks Harry to confront Slughorn and retrieve the real memory, after being given an altered version that made it appear as though Slughorn did not know anything. Harry is unable to convince Slughorn. After Ron accidentally ingests a love potion intended for Harry, Harry cures him with Slughorn's help; the trio celebrate with mead. The mead poisons Ron, Harry is forced to save his life after Slughorn hesitates. Ron murmurs Hermione's name while recovering in the infirmary, causing Lavender to end their relationship. Harry confronts Draco about the mead and a cursed necklace, the two duel. Harry uses a curse from the Half-Blood Prince's potion book to injure Malfoy, rescued and healed by Snape. Fearing the book may be filled with more Dark Magic and Harry hide it in the Room of Requirement and share their first kiss. Harry decides to use his Liquid Luck potion to convince Slughorn to give up the memory Dumbledore needs.
Harry views the memory with Dumbledore and learns that Voldemort wanted information for creating Horcruxes, magical objects that could contain pieces of a wizard's soul and make them immortal. Dumbledore concludes that Voldemort divided his soul into seven pieces by creating six Horcruxes, two of which have been destroyed: Tom Riddle's diary by Harry and Marvolo Gaunt's
Goldie Jeanne Hawn is an American actress and singer. She rose to fame on the NBC sketch comedy program Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In, before going on to receive the Academy Award and Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in Cactus Flower. Hawn maintained bankable star status for more than three decades, while appearing in such films as There's a Girl in My Soup, Butterflies Are Free, The Sugarland Express, Foul Play, Seems Like Old Times, Private Benjamin, for which she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for playing the title role. Hawn's work includes starring roles in the films Overboard, Bird on a Wire, Death Becomes Her, The First Wives Club, The Out-of-Towners and The Banger Sisters. After a fifteen-year hiatus from film acting, Hawn made a brief comeback in Snatched, she is the mother of actors Oliver Hudson, Kate Hudson, Wyatt Russell, has been in a relationship with actor Kurt Russell since 1983. In 2003, she founded The Hawn Foundation. Hawn was born in Washington, D.
C. the daughter of Laura, a jewelry shop/dance school owner, Edward Rutledge Hawn, a band musician who played at major events in Washington. She was named after her mother's aunt, she has entertainment publicist Patti Hawn. Her father was a Presbyterian of English descent, her mother was the daughter of emigrants from Hungary. Hawn was raised Jewish, she was raised in Takoma Park and attended Montgomery Blair High School in nearby Silver Spring, Maryland. Hawn began taking ballet and tap dance lessons at the age of three and danced in the corps de ballet of the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo production of The Nutcracker in 1955, she made her stage debut in 1964, playing Juliet in a Virginia Shakespeare Festival production of Romeo and Juliet. By 1964, she ran and taught in a ballet school, having dropped out of American University where she was majoring in drama. In 1964, Hawn made her professional dancing debut in a production of Can-Can at the Texas Pavilion of the New York World's Fair, she began working as a professional dancer a year and appeared as a go-go dancer in New York City and at the Peppermint Box in New Jersey.
Hawn moved to California to dance in a show at a theater across from Disneyland. Hawn began her acting career as a cast member of the short-lived CBS situation comedy Good Morning, World during the 1967–68 television season, her role being that of the girlfriend of a radio disc jockey, with a stereotypical "dumb blonde" personality, her next role, which brought her to international attention, was as one of the regular cast members on the 1968–1973 sketch comedy show, Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In. On the show, she would break out into high-pitched giggles in the middle of a joke, deliver a polished performance a moment after. Noted for her chipper attitude as for her bikini and painted body, Hawn was seen as something of a 1960s "It" girl, her Laugh-In persona was parlayed into three popular film appearances in the late 1960s and early 1970s: Cactus Flower, There's a Girl in My Soup, Butterflies Are Free. Hawn had made her feature film debut in a bit role as a giggling dancer in the 1968 film The One and Only, Original Family Band, in which she was billed as "Goldie Jeanne", but in her first major film role, in Cactus Flower, she won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress as Walter Matthau's suicidal fiancée.
That same year she appeared in NBC' The Spring Thing a musical television special hosted by Bobbie Gentry and Noel Harrison. Other guests included were Meredith MacRae, Irwin C. Watson, Rod McKuen, Shirley Bassey, Harpers Bizarre. After Hawn's Academy Award win, her film career took off, she starred in a string of above average and successful comedies starting with There's a Girl in My Soup, $, Butterflies Are Free. She continued proving herself in the dramatic league with the 1974 satirical dramas The Girl from Petrovka and The Sugarland Express, Shampoo in 1975, she hosted two television specials: Pure Goldie in 1971 and The Goldie Hawn Special in 1978. The latter was a sort of comeback for Hawn, out of the spotlight for two years since the 1976 release of The Duchess and the Dirtwater Fox, while she was focusing on her marriage and the birth of her son. On the special she performed show tunes and comedy bits alongside comic legend George Burns, teen matinee idol Shaun Cassidy, television star John Ritter, the Harlem Globetrotters joined her for a montage.
The special went on to be nominated for a primetime Emmy. Four months the film Foul Play, was released and became a box office smash, reviving Hawn's film career; the plot centered around an innocent woman in San Francisco who becomes mixed up in an assassination plot. Hawn's next film, Mario Monicelli's Lovers and Liars, was a box office bomb. In 1972 Hawn released a solo country LP for Warner Brothers, titled Goldie, it was recorded with the help of Buck Owens. AllMusic gives the album a favorable review, calling it a "sweetly endearing country-tinged middle of the road pop record". Hawn's popularity continued into the 1980s, starting with another primetime variety special alongside actress and singer Liza Minnelli and Liza Together, nominated for four Emmy Awards. In the sa
The Dark Knight (film)
The Dark Knight is a 2008 superhero film directed, co-produced, co-written by Christopher Nolan. Based on the DC Comics character Batman, the film is the second installment of Nolan's The Dark Knight Trilogy and a sequel to 2005's Batman Begins, starring an ensemble cast including Christian Bale, Michael Caine, Heath Ledger, Gary Oldman, Aaron Eckhart, Maggie Gyllenhaal and Morgan Freeman. In the film, Bruce Wayne / Batman, Police Lieutenant James Gordon and District Attorney Harvey Dent form an alliance to dismantle organized crime in Gotham City, but are menaced by an anarchistic mastermind known as the Joker, who seeks to undermine Batman's influence and turn the city to chaos. Nolan's inspiration for the film was the Joker's comic book debut in 1940, the 1988 graphic novel The Killing Joke, the 1996 series The Long Halloween, which retold Two-Face's origin; the "Dark Knight" nickname was first applied to Batman in Batman #1, in a story written by Bill Finger. The Dark Knight was filmed in Chicago, as well as in several other locations in the United States, the United Kingdom, Hong Kong.
Nolan used IMAX 70 mm film cameras to film some sequences, including the Joker's first appearance in the film. Warner Bros. created a viral marketing campaign for The Dark Knight, developing promotional websites and trailers highlighting screenshots of Ledger as the Joker. Ledger died on January 22, 2008, some months after the completed filming and six months before the film's release from a toxic combination of prescription drugs, leading to intense attention from the press and movie-going public. A co-production of the United States and the United Kingdom, The Dark Knight was released on July 18, 2008 in the United States and on July 25, 2008 in the United Kingdom. Film critics considered it one of the best films of its decade and one of the best superhero films of all time; the Dark Knight appeared on 287 critics' top ten lists, more than any other film of 2008 with the exception of WALL-E, more critics named The Dark Knight the best film released that year. With over $1 billion in revenue worldwide, it became the highest-grossing film of 2008 and is the 38th highest-grossing film of all time, unadjusted for inflation.
The film received eight Academy Award nominations. In 2016 it was voted 33rd among 100 films considered the best of the 21st century by 117 film critics from around the world; the Dark Knight Rises, the final film in the trilogy, was released on July 20, 2012. A gang of criminals rob a Gotham City mob bank, murdering each other for a higher share of the money until only the Joker remains, who escapes with the money. Batman, District Attorney Harvey Dent and Lieutenant Jim Gordon form an alliance to rid Gotham City of organized crime. Bruce Wayne believes that with Dent as Gotham's protector, he can retire from being Batman and lead a normal life with Rachel Dawes – though she and Dent are dating. Mob bosses Sal Maroni and the Chechen hold a videoconference with their corrupt accountant, who has taken their funds for safekeeping and fled to Hong Kong; the Joker interrupts the meeting to warn them that Batman is unhindered by the law, offers to kill him in exchange for half of their money. The mob bosses disagree, Gambol places a bounty on the Joker.
The Joker kills Gambol, taking over his gang. The mob decides to take the Joker up on his offer. Batman finds Lau in Hong Kong and brings him back to Gotham to testify, allowing Dent to apprehend the entire mob; the Joker threatens to kill people unless Batman reveals his identity, starts by murdering Police Commissioner Gillian B. Loeb and the judge presiding over the mob trial; the Joker tries to kill Mayor Anthony Garcia, but Gordon sacrifices himself to stop the assassination. Dent kidnaps one of Joker’s henchmen and threatens him with a deadly game of heads or tails using Dent's lucky coin. Dent learns. Bruce decides to reveal his secret identity to prevent more deaths. Before he can, Dent falsely announces that he is Batman. Dent is taken into protective custody. Batman comes to Dent's rescue and Gordon, who faked his death, apprehends the Joker, securing a promotion to Commissioner. Rachel and Dent are escorted away by detectives on Maroni's payroll. Batman interrogates the Joker, who reveals that they have been trapped in separate locations rigged with explosives and that Batman must choose one to save.
Batman races to save Rachel. Batman realizes that the Joker has sent him to Dent's location instead. Both buildings explode, disfiguring Dent; the Joker escapes with Lau. The Joker kills Lau and the Chechen. Coleman Reese, an accountant at Wayne Enterprises, deduces that Bruce is Batman and threatens to publicize the information. Not wanting Reese's revelation to interfere with his plans, the Joker threatens to destroy a hospital unless Reese is killed within an hour. All hospitals are evacuated and Gordon travels to secure Reese; the Joker, disguised as a hospital nurse, discovers Dent's ward and hands him a gun, convincing him to