A universal remote is a remote control that can be programmed to operate various brands of one or more types of consumer electronics devices. Low-end universal remotes can only control a set number of devices determined by their manufacturer, while mid- and high-end universal remotes allow the user to program in new control codes to the remote. Many remotes sold with various electronics include universal remote capabilities for other types of devices, which allows the remote to control other devices beyond the device it came with. For example, a VCR remote may be programmed to operate various brands of televisions. On May 30, 1985, Philips introduced the first universal remote under the Magnavox brand name. In 1985, Robin Rumbolt, William "Russ" McIntyre, Larry Goodson with North American Philips Consumer Electronics developed the first universal remote control. Shortly after development was completed and patent applications filed, Magnavox initiated the "Smart, Very Smart" campaign, coining the "smart" axiom.
McIntyre has claimed that the primary design challenge was fitting the well-crafted, tight code into an limited memory space. At least two subsequent patents followed: US Pat. 4703359, on November 20, 1988 and US Pat. 4951131, in 1989. In 1987, the first programmable universal remote control was released, it was called the "CORE" and was created by CL 9, a startup founded by Steve Wozniak, the inventor of the Apple I and Apple II computers. In March 1987, Steve Ciarcia published an article in Byte Magazine entitled "Build a Trainable Infrared Master Controller", describing a universal remote with the ability to upload the settings to a computer; this device had macro capabilities. Most universal remotes share a number of basic design elements: A power button, as well as a switch or series of buttons to select which device the remote is controlling at the moment. A typical selection includes TV, VCR, DVD, CBL/SAT, along with other devices that sometimes include DVRs, audio equipment or home automation devices.
Channel and volume up/down selectors. A numeric keypad for entering some other purposes such as time and date entry. A set button to allow selection of a particular set of codes. Most remotes allow the user to cycle through the list of available codes to find one that matches the device to be controlled. Most but not all universal remotes include one or more D-pads for navigating menus on DVD players and cable/satellite boxes. Certain reduced designs such as the TV-B-Gone or keychain-sized remotes include only a few buttons, such as power and channel/volume selectors. Higher-end remotes have numerous other features: Macro programming, allowing the user to program command sequences to be sent with one button press LCD to display status information. Programmable soft keys, allowing user-defined functions and macros Aliases or "punchthroughs", which allow multiple devices to be accessed without changing device modes IR code learning, allowing the remote to be programmed to control new devices not in its code list PC configuration, allowing the remote to be connected to a computer for easy setup Some universal remotes have the ability to make phone calls replacing your home phone in that room.
Repeaters are available. Some devices, such as some computers and game consoles, use Bluetooth or a similar RF protocol rather than infrared as the main transmission form; some universal remotes allow the code lists programmed into the remote to be updated to support new brands or models of devices not supported by the remote. Some higher end universal learning remotes require a computer to be connected; the connection is done via USB from the computer to mini-USB on the remote or the remotes base station. In 2000, a group of enthusiasts discovered that universal remotes made by UEI and sold under the One For All, RadioShack, other brands can be reprogrammed by means of an interface called JP1. IR learning remotes can learn the code for any button on many other IR remote controls; this functionality allows the remote to learn functions not supported by default for a particular device, making it sometimes possible to control devices that the remote was not designed to control. A drawback of this approach is.
Some entertainment equipment manufacturers use pulse frequencies that are higher than what the learning remote can detect and store in its memory. These remotes feature an LCD screen that can be either full color; the "buttons" are images on the screen, when touched, will send IR signals to controlled devices. Some models have multiple screens that are accessed through virtual buttons on the touch-screen and other models have a combination of the touch-screen and physical buttons; some models of the touch-screen remotes are programmed using a graphical interface program on a PC, which allows the user to customize the screens, backgrounds and the "actions" the buttons perform. The "project", created is downloaded into the remote through a USB cable or, in the most recent models, wirelessly
Remote Control (The Clash song)
"Remote Control" is a song by The Clash, featured on their debut album, is written against oppression and conformity. The song was written by Mick Jones after the disastrous Anarchy Tour and contains pointed observations about the civic hall bureaucrats who had cancelled concerts, the police, big business and record companies; the song mentions a'meeting in Mayfair' which refers to one held by EMI's shareholders on 7 December 1976, which withdrew all support for the Anarchy Tour. Alluded to in the song are the'old-boy' peerage networks and hapless politicians; the band disowned the song, following their record label CBS's decision to release the song as a single without consulting the band. The band had told Melody Maker magazine that their next single would be "Janie Jones", were irate that CBS had undermined them and made a decision to release "Remote Control" instead without the band's permission. To the band, the song became a symbol of everything; the incident was referred to in the first lines of a song, "Complete Control", on the 1979 US release of the album: - They said,'Release "Remote Control", but we didn't want it on the label...
-The B-side is a mono live version of "London's Burning". The band re-recorded the song in early summer 1979 during rehearsals at Vanilla Studios in Vauxhall for London Calling. In liner notes for "The Vanilla Tapes", released in 2004, which includes the song, Mick Jones is quoted as saying: - I think Joe disliked it on a symbolic level, because of what happened with the release, but we always liked the tune. - Joe Strummer - lead vocals, rhythm guitar Mick Jones - lead vocals, lead guitar and rhythm guitar Paul Simonon - bass guitar, backing vocal Terry Chimes - drums Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Remote Control / Three MC's and One DJ
"Remote Control" and "Three MCs and One DJ" are songs by American hip-hop group the Beastie Boys, from their fifth studio album, Hello Nasty. The two were released as a double A-side single. "Three MCs and One DJ" features scratching by Mix Master Mike, marks his debut song with the group. The single peaked at #21 on the UK Singles Chart. "Remote Control" was used in a commercial for ESPN's Winter X Games XV featuring two talking deer. The video for "Three MC's and One DJ" opens with Mike D, Ad-Rock and MCA posing in formation in the basement room of an apartment waiting for their DJ, Mix Master Mike. After a short while, he appears at the apartment's entrance door in a Ghostbuster costume, he rings the bell but the three do not move, so he has to wait for someone to exit the apartment to sneak in. Mike arrives at the room, gets behind the four start to perform. After the performance, the three go back to the same position as they were before the performance started and Mix Master Mike leaves; the video was shot in the basement of 262 Mott Street in the Little Italy neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City.
That was where the Beastie Boys recorded Hello Nasty. The alternate version of the song featured in the video is present on the Beastie Boys compilation album Beastie Boys Anthology: The Sounds of Science. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Remote Control (1992 film)
Remote Control (Icelandic: Sódóma Reykjavík is a 1992 Icelandic film directed by Óskar Jónasson. The plot is a farce, revolving around the young car mechanic Axel and his adventure in the Reykjavík underworld which starts when his mother insists that he must recover the remote control to her TV, it was screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 1993 Cannes Film Festival. The film stars Björn Jörundur Friðbjörnsson as Axel, features the Icelandic metal band HAM. Björn Jörundur Friðbjörnsson – Axel Þórarinn Eyfjörð – Flosi Thorarinn Oskar Thorarinsson – Vigfús Helga Braga Jónsdóttir – Símastúlka Þóra Friðriksdóttir – Mamma Margrét Hugrún Gústavsdóttir – Mæja Sigurjón Kjartansson – Orri Soley Eliasdottir – Unnur Óttarr Proppé – Hrólfur Ari Matthíasson – Þorbjörn Erling Jóhannesson – Arnar Pétur Eggerz – Sveinn Helgi Björnsson – Moli Ólafur Guðmundsson – Árni Björn Karlsson – Höddi Feiti Rósa Guðný Þórsdóttir – Sonja Guðný Helgadóttir – Katrín Árni Pétur Guðjónsson – Viggó Hjálmar Hjálmarsson – Hjörtur Jóhann G. Jóhannsson – Garðar Gígja Hilmarsdóttir – Daughter of Moli and Sonja Eggert Þorleifsson – Aggi Flinki Stefan St. Sigurjonsson – Brjánsi Sýra Þröstur Guðbjartsson – Elli Steinunn Ólafsdóttir – Afgreiðslustúlka Skúli Gautason – Grímur Björgúlfur Egilsson – Rótari Björn Blöndal – Trommari Flosi Þorgeirsson – Gítarleikari Baldur Maríusson – Veiðimaður Sólveig Stefánsdóttir – Barn Ingólfur Þór Guðmundsson – Barn Þórir Steingrímsson – Hallvarður Þröstur Leó Gunnarsson – Áslákur Sódóma Reykjavík on IMDb Sodoma Reykjavík at AllMovie
Teleoperation indicates operation of a system or machine at a distance. It is similar in meaning to the phrase "remote control" but is encountered in research and technical environments, it is most associated with robotics and mobile robots but can be applied to a whole range of circumstances in which a device or machine is operated by a person from a distance. The term teleoperation is in use in research and technical communities as a standard term for referring to operation at a distance; this is as opposed to telepresence, a less standard term and might refer to a whole range of existence or interaction that include a remote connotation. The history of teleoperation can be traced back to the beginnings of radio communication and Nikola Tesla. Nikola Tesla developed some of the first principles and systems to perform teleoperation in the late 1800s as outlined in such documents as U. S. patent 613,809 (Method of and Apparatus for Controlling Mechanism of Moving Vessels or Vehicles. Teleoperation is now moving into the hobby industry with first-person view equipment.
FPV equipment mounted on hobby cars and helicopters give a TV-style transmission back to the operator, extending the range of the vehicle to greater than line-of-sight range. There are several particular types of systems that are controlled remotely: Entertainment systems are controlled remotely via a remote control. Industrial machinery is operated remotely in hazardous environments. One notable example is in the construction of the Object Shelter or sarcophagus at Chernobyl after the Chernobyl accident. Remotely operated vehicles are extensively used in hazardous environments. Remote surgery Unmanned aerial vehicles known as drones Telerobotics Remote manipulator Remote administration Telecommand NASA Telerobotics. NASA Telerobotics Program Plan
Main Attraction (album)
Main Attraction is the eighth solo studio album by the American rock singer-songwriter and bass player Suzi Quatro. It was released in November 1982, was her first and only release by the record label, Polydor; the album was recorded over a period of four months at The Studio Toppersfield, in Essex, England with the sessions starting in late 1981, ending in early 1982. The album is regarded as the culmination of the smoother, more adult-oriented sound of Quatro's work; the album is notably Quatro's only studio album not to contain any cover versions of songs by other artists. However, she did have a hand in composing each track, with the exception of the sixth track "Two Miles Out of Georgia", written by Chris Andrews; the album was her last recording of original material for four years, until she released Annie Get Your Gun – 1986 London Cast, it was her last studio album of the 1980s and her last studio album for eight years, until she released Oh Suzi Q. in 1990. It was released at the height of the popularity of the new wave music movement.
"Heart of Stone" received some airplay on Album-oriented rock radio, was released as a lead single from the album and became a moderate success, peaking at number 60 on the UK charts. And the title track was released as a single, but unlike the aforementioned single it failed to chart; the album was received negatively by the majority of music critics, with most of the criticism being directed towards its musical direction being too commercial from her hard rock roots. The album went unnoticed by the public, being a commercial disappointment, missed the album charts worldwide; the album was re-released in 2008, was the first of several remastered reissues by Cherry Red Records on Compact Disc. It contained the single version of "Heart of Stone" as a bonus track. Cherry Red have since released other Quatro remasters, as well as releasing her latest studio album, In the Spotlight. In a retrospective review for AllMusic, critic Jim Allen wrote of the album "a few tracks are melodic, acoustic-based, Juice Newton-sounding tunes.
And they added that " Clearly a portrait of an artist in motion." All tracks written except where noted. Credits are adapted from the album's liner notes. Suzi Quatro - lead vocals, bass guitar, backing vocals Len Tuckey - acoustic guitar, electric guitar, guitar synthesizer, backing vocals, producer Dave Neal - drums, percussion Chris Andrews - keyboards, backing vocals, producer Jimmy Martin - steel guitar on "Two Miles Out of Georgia" Wendy Roberts - backing vocals on "Heart of Stone" Main Attraction at Discogs
Remote keyless system
A keyless entry system is an electronic lock that controls access to a building or vehicle without using a traditional mechanical key. The term keyless entry system meant a lock controlled by a keypad located at or near the driver's door, which required entering a predetermined numeric code; such systems now have a hidden touch-activated keypad and are still available on certain Ford and Lincoln models. The term remote keyless system called keyless entry or remote central locking, refers to a lock that uses an electronic remote control as a key, activated by a handheld device or automatically by proximity. Used in automobiles, an RKS performs the functions of a standard car key without physical contact; when within a few yards of the car, pressing a button on the remote can lock or unlock the doors, may perform other functions. A remote keyless system can include both a remote keyless entry system, which unlocks the doors, a remote keyless ignition system, which starts the engine. One of the first introductions was in 1980 on the Ford Thunderbird, Mercury Cougar, Continental Mark VI, Lincoln Town Car, which Ford called Keyless Entry System.
It was a keypad on the driver-side exterior door above the door handle. It consisted of a keypad with five buttons that when the code was entered, would unlock the driver's door, with subsequent code entries to unlock all doors, the trunk. Nissan offered the same technology on the Nissan Maxima and Nissan Fairlady beginning in 1984 using the same approach as Ford, with the addition of being able to roll the windows down and open the optional moonroof from outside the vehicle on the door handle installed keypad on both the driver's and front passengers door; the remote keyless systems using a handheld transmitter first began appearing on the French made Renault Fuego in 1982, as an option on several American Motors vehicles in 1983, including the Renault Alliance. The feature gained its first widespread availability in the U. S. on several General Motors vehicles in 1989. Keyless remotes contain a short-range radio transmitter, must be within a certain range 5–20 meters, of the car to work; when a button is pushed, it sends a coded signal by radio waves to a receiver unit in the car, which locks or unlocks the door.
Most RKEs operate at a frequency of 315 MHz for North America-made cars and at 433.92 MHz for European and Asian cars. Modern systems since the mid-1990s implement encryption as well as rotating entry codes to prevent car thieves from intercepting and spoofing the signal. Earlier systems used infrared instead of radio signals to unlock the vehicle, such as systems found on Mercedes-Benz, BMW and other manufacturers; the system signals that it has either locked or unlocked the car through some discreet combination of flashing vehicle lamps, a distinctive sound other than the horn, or some usage of the horn itself. A typical setup on cars is to have the horn or other sound chirp twice to signify that the car has been unlocked, chirp once to indicate the car has been locked. For example, Toyota and Lexus use a chirp system to signify the car being locked/unlocked. While two beeps means that driver's door is unlocked, four beeps means. One long beep is for the power tailgate. One short beep signifies that the car is locked and alarm is set.
The functions of a remote keyless entry system are contained on a key fob or built into the ignition key handle itself. Buttons are dedicated to opening the trunk or tailgate. On some minivans, the power sliding doors can be opened/closed remotely; some cars will close any open windows and roof when remotely locking the car. Some remote keyless fobs feature a red panic button which activates the car alarm as a standard feature. Further adding to the convenience, some cars' engines with remote keyless ignition systems can be started by the push of a button on the key fob, convertible tops can be raised and lowered from outside the vehicle while it's parked. On cars where the trunk release is electronically operated, it can be triggered to open by a button on the remote. Conventionally, the trunk springs open with the help of hydraulic struts or torsion springs, thereafter must be lowered manually. Premium models, such as SUVs and estates with tailgates, may have a motorized assist that can both open and close the tailgate for easy access and remote operation.
For offices, or residences, the system can be coupled with the security system, garage door opener or remotely activated lighting devices. Most keyless systems use a technique called rolling code to avoid replay attacks, in which the open command is intercepted to be used by a thief at a time. In the rolling code, a pseudorandom number generator is used to generate a different unlock sequence to be sent each time the car is unlocked. Remote keyless entry fobs emit a radio frequency with a distinct digital identity code. Inasmuch as "programming" fobs is a proprietary technical process, it is performed by the automobile manufacturer. In general, the procedure is to put the car computer in'programming mode'; this entails engaging the power in the car several times while holding a button or lever. It may include opening doors, or removing fuses; the procedure varies amongst various makes and years. Once in'programming mode' one or more of the fob buttons is depressed to send the digital identity code to the car's onboard computer.
The computer saves the code and the car is taken out of programming mode. As RKS fobs have become more prevalent in the automobile industry a secondary market of unprogrammed d