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RenderWare is a game engine developed by the British game developer Criterion Software. First launched in 1993, RenderWare is a 3D API and graphics rendering engine used in video games, Active Worlds, some VRML browsers. RenderWare was developed by Criterion Software Limited, which used to be a wholly owned subsidiary of Canon but is now owned by Electronic Arts, it originated in the era of software rendering on CPUs prior to the appearance of GPUs, competing with other libraries such as Argonaut's BRender and RenderMorphics' Reality Lab. RenderWare's principal commercial importance was in providing an off-the-shelf solution to the difficulties of PS2 graphics programming, it was describable as "Sony's DirectX" during this era—although the name refers to surrounding framework and toolchain middleware. Prior to version 2, an external programming or scripting language was required to take advantage of RenderWare. RenderWare 2, on the other hand, has its own internal scripting language: RWX. However, in RenderWare 3 RWX support was removed.

This next iteration focused on a binary model file format. As with the previous version increment, Criterion removed support for RenderWare 3's formats in RenderWare 4. RenderWare is cross-platform: it runs on Windows as well as Apple Mac OS X-based applications and many video game consoles such as Nintendo GameCube, Xbox, Xbox 360, PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, PlayStation Portable. RenderWare is no longer available for purchase, although EA still honors old contracts, meaning that external developers who licensed the technology before the Criterion acquisition may still use the software. What was RenderWare 4 has dissolved into the rest of EA internal tech. Bing Gordon, an EA executive, has stated that RenderWare did not perform well enough for next-gen hardware, graphics wise, that RenderWare did not stand up to competition, such as Unreal Engine from Epic Games, he has stated that the RenderWare team is "mostly a dev house". List of RenderWare games RenderWare at the Wayback Machine Criterion Games RenderWare V2.1 API Reference

Colonial Assam

Colonial Assam refers to the period of History of Assam between the signing of the Treaty of Yandabo and Independence of India when Assam was under the British colonial rule. The political institutions and social relations that were established or severed during this period continue to have a direct effect on contemporary events; the legislature and political alignments that evolved by the end of the British rule continued in the post Independence period. The immigration of farmers from East Bengal and tea plantation workers from Central India continue to affect contemporary politics, most notably that which led to the Assam Movement and its aftermath; the region that came to be known as undivided Goalpara district came under British rule after the transfer of the Deewani from the Mughal Emperor on August 12, 1765. Due to indigenous ethnic influences on the region the police thanas of Dhubri, Nageswari and Karaibari were placed under a special administrative unit called "North-Eastern Parts of Rangpur" in January 1822.

The First Anglo-Burmese War commenced in 1824, by March 28 the British had occupied Guwahati, when the Raja of Darrang and some petty chieftains submitted themselves to the British, who made rudimentary administrative arrangements by October 1824. The Burmese occupiers retreated from the Ahom capital of Rangpur in January 1825 and the nearly the whole of Brahmaputra Valley fell into British hands. In the war against the Burmese the Ahoms did not help the British. In 1828, the Kachari kingdom was annexed under the Doctrine of Lapse after the king Govinda Chandra was killed. In 1832, the Khasi king surrendered and the British increased their influence over the Jaintia ruler. In 1833, upper Assam became a British protectorate under the erstwhile ruler of the Ahom kingdom, Purandhar Singha, but in 1838 the region was formally annexed into the British empire. With the annexation of the Maran/Matak territory in the east in 1839, the annexation of Assam was complete. Assam was included as a part of the Bengal Presidency.

The annexation of upper Assam is attributed to the successful manufacture of tea in 1837, the beginning of the Assam Company in 1839. Under the Wasteland Rules of 1838, it became nearly impossible for natives to start plantations. After the liberalization of the rules in 1854, there was a land rush; the Chinese staff, imported earlier for the cultivation of tea left Assam in 1843, when tea plantations came to be tended by local labour mainly by those belonging to the Bodo-Kachari ethnic groups. From 1859 central Indian labour was imported for the tea plantations; this labour, based on an unbreakable contract, led to a virtual slavery of this labour group. The conditions in which they were transported to Assam were so horrific that about 10% never survived the journey; the colonial government imposed a ban on opium cultivation and obtained a monopoly over the opium trade. There were immediate revolts against the British occupation. In 1828, two years after the Treaty of Yandabo, Gomdhar Konwar rose in revolt against the British, but he was suppressed.

In 1830 Dhananjoy Burhagohain, Piyali Phukan and Jiuram Medhi rose in revolt, they were sentenced to death. In the Indian rebellion of 1857, the people of Assam offered resistance in the form of non-cooperation, Maniram Dewan and Piyali Baruah were executed for their roles. In 1861 peasants of Nagaon gathered at Phulaguri for a raiz mel to protest against taxes on betel-nut and paan. Lt. Singer, a British officer got into a fracas with the peasants and was killed, after which the protests were violently suppressed. In February 1874 Assam proper, Cachar and the Hill districts were instituted as a separate province on a long-standing demand from the tea planters. Known as North-East Frontier, its status was upgraded to a Chief Commissioner's Province, a non-regulation province, with the capital at Shillong. Assamese, replaced in 1837 by Bengali, was reinstated alongside Bengali as the official language. In September of the same year, Sylhet was separated from the Bengal Presidency and added to the new province.

The people of Sylhet submitted a memorandum to the Viceroy protesting the inclusion in Assam. The protests subsided when the Viceroy, Lord Northbrook, visited Sylhet to reassure the people that education and justice would be administered from Bengal, when the people in Sylhet saw the opportunity of employment in tea estates in Assam and a market for their produce; the new administration effected a policy of migrations: tea laborers into tea estates and agriculturalists from East Bengal into Assam ignoring history and culture of peoples. The new Province included the five districts of Assam proper, Cachar, the Hill districts, Sylhet comprising about 54,100 sq miles. In 1889, oil was discovered at Digboi giving rise to an oil industry. In this period Nagaon witnessed starvation deaths, there was a decrease in the indigenous population, more than adequately compensated by the immigrant labor. Colonialism was well entrenched, the tea and coal-mining industries were putting increasing pressure on the agricultural sector, lagging behind.

The peasants, burdened under the opium monopoly and the usury by money lenders, rose again in revolt. Numerous raiz mels decided against paying the taxes; the protests culminated in a bayonet charge against the protesters at Patharughat in 1894. At least 15 were left dead and in the violent repression that followed villagers were tortured and their properties were destroyed or loot


Penápolis is a municipality in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The population is of 58,510 inhabitants; the city has an area of 710.8 km². The region was first populated by the Crowned Indians; the first presence of the Brazilian State in the region was, in the end of the 19th century, a military colony in the Salto do Avanhandava, nicknamed "Banishment". The Patrimony appeared in donated lands, in 1906, by the Farmer Eduardo Jose de Castilho, to the priests Capuchinhos; these and the enterprising colonel Manuel Bento de a Cruz had established the Patrimony of Santa Cruz of the Avanhandava, on 25 October 1908. Afterwards, on 2 December 1908, the patrimony became a new town; the pioneers had found its biggest obstacles in the attacks of the malaria. The Indians alone had been pacified with the action of colonel Candido Rondon. On 17 November 1909, the patrimony was raised as a district, became Vila de Pennapolis, in honour to the just-deceased president Afonso Pena, it became a city on 22 December 1913.

It was raised to a judicial district on 10 October 1917. The installation of the judicial district occurred on 27 July 1918; the original territory of the city of Penápolis was vast, going until the River Paraná, but much of it was reduced with its successive dismemberments in new cities. At the beginning of its population boom, the forest, sugar cane, cattle industries and railroad transport were the base for the economy of the city. Came the dairy industry, it relies on alcohol-sugar agro-industry, an industrial district and a strong private educational sector. Little remained of the previous culture of the Crowned Indians; the city was, enriched with other Brazilian and European traditions, since immigrants of several European countries established there. Migration from Minas Gerais introduced traditions of that region, in the form of candies, in artisanal activities related to the sugar cane culture; the beaches at the edge of Tietê River, along with the artificial lakes created by the Nova Avanhandava Power Plant are major tourist attractions.

Famous people born in Penápolis include: the Bishop of the Diocese of Duke of Caxias, Dom Mauro Morelli. She participated on Big Brother and since became a celebrity. Now she is part of the cast of Panico, a comedy show on TV and radio

Who's Landing in My Hangar?

Who's Landing in My Hangar? was the 1981 debut studio album by American rock band Human Switchboard. It was voted the 11th best record of the year in The Village Voice's annual Pazz & Jop poll of American critics. All songs written except where noted. " Saturday's Girl" – 3:50 "Who's Landing in My Hangar?" – 2:38 "In This Town" – 3:15 "No Heart" – 3:16 "Refrigerator Door" – 7:30 "I Can Walk Alone" – 3:02 " Believe in You" – 3:57 "Don't Follow Me Home" – 4:33 "Book on Looks" – 2:35 "Where the Light Breaks" – 3:53 Robert “Bob” Pfeifer - vocals, guitar Myrna Marcarian - Farfisa organ, vocals Ron Metz - drums Steve Calabaria - bass Doug Morgan - bass Paul Hamann - bass

Johnny Lin

Johnny Lin is an American film producer. He is president of licensor Filmula International. Lin began his career working for his father Jimmy Lin, a producer on Jet Li's breakout film The Legend, who came to the U. S. in 1979 and started his own video distribution business. He was a member of his father's prolific distribution team, which distributed over 800 films in Taiwan, Hong Kong and China. During this time and his father distributed successful films such as The Lord of the Rings, Rush Hour, The Wedding Singer, Wag the Dog and Runaway Bride. After growing up in New Zealand, Lin moved to the U. S. Lin has been a producer and executive producer on numerous feature films including the crime thriller American Made with Tom Cruise, the black comedy Bernie with Jack Black and Matthew McConaughey, the drama Another Happy Day, the 2010 Hesher, he wrote and produced the 2016 independent film Queen of Hearts. He heads Filmula, has acquired the rights many films including Hunger Games, Magic Mike and The King's Speech, exclusive rights to distribution of Miramax films and TV shows in Taiwan.

He has been CEO of Studio Solutions since 2005. Studio Solutions Group has acquired 1,200 films including the Miramax library. In 2010 Filmula partnered with FilmNation signing a co-production deal. In 2012, Studio Solutions became embroiled in a dispute with CatchPlay over 925 film rights and whether Studio Solutions and CatchPlay had an agency relationship. In 2012 Lin entered into a joint development venture with Ted Field and Stan Lee, The Guardian Project, to produce multi-media content in association with the National Hockey League, invested in the failed reboot of Trauma Records. On December 1, 2016 a federal judge ordered Ted Field and his Radar Pictures to assign profits from 11 films, including Sony’s Jumanji, to Lin’s Filmula Entertainment until the judgment is satisfied. In 2017, Lin and Brian Oliver acquired the rights to the sci-fi project Rise. In 2017, it was announced that Lin and Oliver are set to produce the upcoming remake of The Wild Geese, a 1978 cult mission movie written by William Monahan.

Additionally, Lin has acquired the rights to adapt Maureen Callahan's'90s-set fashion book Champagne Supernovas into a television series. In November 2017, it was announced that Lin will be teaming up with 3 Arts Entertainment to develop undercover agent Edward Follis' memoir The Dark Art: My Undercover Life in Narco-Terrorism. In May 2018, Lin's Filmula entered a co-financing deal with Brian Oliver’s New Republic Pictures, which struck a first-look co-financing and distribution deal with Paramount Pictures. In May, it was announced that Lin and Filmula will produce and finance the upcoming action picture "Escape from the North Pole." In September 2018, it was reported that Lin's Filmula acquired the rights to adapt James L. Swanson's upcoming book Lion in Winter, based on the true story of America's most prolific Chicago Outfit syndicate mob boss, into a feature film. In November 2018, it was announced that Beijing-based distributor E Stars will co-finance and co-produce a range of U. S. film projects with Lin's Filmula.

That month, it was reported that Filmula had tapped screenwriter Andrew Farotte to pen the script for an upcoming original film about World War II in the Pacific. Johnny Lin on IMDb

Raghupati Raghava Raja Ram

Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram is a notable bhajan, popularized by Mahatma Gandhi. The version, most common was put to music by Vishnu Digambar Paluskar, was sung by Gandhi and his followers as they walked during the 241 mile Salt March to Dandi; the Hindi lyrics of the bhajan along with their translation, by historian and musicologist Guy Beck, are as follows:Hindi Created by Mahatma Gandhi रघुपति राघव राजाराम, पतित पावन सीतारामसीताराम सीताराम, भज प्यारे तू सीतारामईश्वर अल्लाह तेरो नाम, सब को सन्मति दे भगवानराम रहीम करीम समान हम सब है उनकी संतानसब मिला मांगे यह वरदान हमारा रहे मानव का ज्ञानTransliteration: raghupati rāghav rājārām, patit pāvan sītārāmsītārām, sītārām, bhaj pyāre tu sītārāmishwar allah tero nām sab ko sanmati de bhagavānrāma rahīm karīm samān hama saba hai unaki santānsaba milā māṅge yaha varadān hamārā rahe mānava kā jñānTranslation: O Lord Rama, descendant of Raghu, Uplifter of the fallen. You and your beloved consort Sita are to be worshipped. All names of God refer including Ishvara and the Muslim Allah.

O Lord, Please brotherhood to everyone, as we are all your children. We all request. Elements of the chant were included in the song "uTho-uTho he bharat" in the movie Bharat Milap, the song "de dii hamen aazaadii binaa khaDg binaa Dhaal" in the movie Jagriti, Purab Aur Paschim and in the film Kuch Kuch Hota Hai, in the Kannada film Gandhinagara, in the movie Gandhi, it was the title of a Tamil movie produced in 1977. Raghupati Raghava Raja Ram has been recorded by several well-known singers. Pete Seeger included it on his album "Strangers and Cousins" and performed it in Episode 10 of his television series Rainbow Quest; the song is an important motif in the 2006 Bollywood film, Lage Raho Munna Bhai, is featured in the movie Gandhi, My Father. The game Grand Theft Auto: Liberty City Stories featured the song on one of the radio stations Radio Del Mundo The 2013 film Satyagraha has a song based on'Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram'. Rakesh Roshan's superhero film Krrish 3 contains a song named'Raghupati Raghav'.

The arrangement by Jyotishka Dasgupta is an official piece of Grade 2 Electronic Keyboard from Trinity College London, where it is named Bhajan. Sheila Chandra recorded. Many singers such as Lata Mangeshkar, Jagjit Singh, K. S. Chithra have recorded the song. Vaishnava jana to Hari Tuma Haro Hanuman Chalisa Shri Ramachandra Kripalu Thumak Chalat Ram Chandra Tulsidas Dalton, Dennis. Mahatma Gandhi: Nonviolent Power in Action. Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-12237-3. Keyboard Notes of Raghupati Raghava Raja Ram