The Armed Forces of Yemen includes the Yemen Army, Navy, 1st Armored Division, the Yemeni Air Force. A major reorganization of the armed forces continues; the unified air forces and air defenses are now under one command. The navy is concentrated in Aden; the Yemen Arab Republic and the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen joined to form the Republic of Yemen on May 22, 1990. The supreme commander of the armed forces is Field Marshal Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, the President of the Republic of Yemen; the number of military personnel in Yemen is high. In 2012, total active troops were estimated as follows: army, 66,700. In September 2007, the government announced the reinstatement of compulsory military service. Yemen's defense budget, which in 2006 represented 40 percent of the total government budget, is expected to remain high for the near term, as the military draft takes effect and internal security threats continue to escalate. Yemen used child soldiers between 2001 and 2004. Child soldiers were used by organized forces and tribal militia as of 2011.
Since the 2014 civil war, the armed forces have been divided to loyalists of the former president Ali Abdullah Saleh and pro-government forces of president Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi. The North Yemen Civil War began in 1962 and ended in 1970, it took place between the northern Yemen Arab Republican forces and the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen. The Royalists received support from Saudi Arabia and Jordan while the Republicans received support from Egypt and the Soviet Union, using about 55,000 Egyptian troops; the Royalists used local tribesmen. The Royalists were commanded by Muhammad al-Badr of the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen; the Republican commanders were Gamal Abdel Nasser and Abdel Hakim Amer from Egypt and Abdullah al-Sallal from the Yemen Arab Republic. During the conflict over 50,000 of Egypt's troops were tied down in Yemen, which proved to be a disadvantage to Egypt during the 1967 Six-Day War with Israel. Egyptian troops were withdrawn to join the Six-Day War; the civil war concluded when the Republican forces won, resulting in the transformation of the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen into the Yemen Arab Republic.
Over 100,000 died on both sides during the conflict. The first attack took place on June 8, 1963 against Kawma, a village of about 100 inhabitants in northern Yemen, killing about seven people and damaging the eyes and lungs of twenty-five others; this incident is considered to have been experimental, the bombs were described as "home-made and ineffective". The Egyptian authorities suggested that the reported incidents were caused by napalm, not gas; the Israeli Foreign Minister, Golda Meir, suggested in an interview that Nasser would not hesitate to use gas against Israel as well. There were no reports of gas during 1964, only a few were reported in 1965; the reports grew more frequent in late 1966. On December 11, 1966, fifteen gas bombs killed injured thirty-five. On January 5, 1967, the biggest gas attack came against the village of Kitaf, causing 270 casualties, including 140 fatalities; the target may have been Prince Hassan bin Yahya. The Egyptian government denied using poison gas, alleged that Britain and the US were using the reports as psychological warfare against Egypt.
On February 12, 1967, it said. On March 1, U Thant said. On May 10, the twin villages of Gahar and Gadafa in Wadi Hirran, where Prince Mohamed bin Mohsin was in command, were gas bombed, killing at least seventy-five; the Red Cross was alerted and on June 2, it issued a statement in Geneva expressing concern. The Institute of Forensic Medicine at the University of Berne made a statement, based on a Red Cross report, that the gas was to have been halogenous derivatives - phosgene, mustard gas, chloride or cyanogen bromide; the gas attacks stopped for three weeks after the Six-Day War of June, but resumed on July, against all parts of royalist Yemen. Casualty estimates vary, an assumption, considered conservative, is that the mustard and phosgene-filled aerial bombs caused 1,500 fatalities and 1,500 injuries. During the 1994 Yemeni Civil War all of the actual fighting in the 1994 civil war occurred in the southern part of the country despite air and missile attacks against cities and major installations in the north.
Southerners sought support from neighboring states and received billions of dollars of equipment and financial assistance from Saudi Arabia, which felt threatened during Gulf War in 1991 when Yemen supported Saddam Hussien. The United States called for a cease-fire and a return to the negotiating table. Various attempts, including by a UN special envoy, were unsuccessful to effect a cease-fire. Southern leaders declared secession and the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Yemen on 21 May 1994, but the DRY was not recognized by the international community. Ali Nasir Muhammad supporters assisted military operations against the secessionists and Aden was captured on 7 July 1994. Other resistance collapsed and thousands of southern leaders and military personnel went into exile. In March 2011, a month after the beginning of an uprising against President Saleh's rule, Maj. Gen. Ali Mohsen al-Ahmar, the commander of the 1st Armoured Division, defected to the side of the protesters taking hundreds of troops and several tanks to protect protesting citizens.
Rival tanks of the
A species description is a formal description of a newly discovered species in the form of a scientific paper. Its purpose is to give a clear description of a new species of organism and explain how it differs from species which have been described or are related; the species description contains photographs or other illustrations of the type material and states in which museums it has been deposited. The publication in which the species is described gives the new species a formal scientific name; some 1.9 million species have been identified and described, out of some 8.7 million that may exist. Millions more have become extinct. A name of a new species becomes valid with the date of publication of its formal scientific description. Once the scientist has performed the necessary research to determine that the discovered organism represents a new species, the scientific results are summarized in a scientific manuscript, either as part of a book, or as a paper to be submitted to a scientific journal.
A scientific species description must fulfill several formal criteria specified by the nomenclature codes, e.g. selection of at least one type specimen. These criteria are intended to ensure that the species name is clear and unambiguous, for example, the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature states that "Authors should exercise reasonable care and consideration in forming new names to ensure that they are chosen with their subsequent users in mind and that, as far as possible, they are appropriate, euphonious, do not cause offence."Species names are written in the 26 letters of the Latin alphabet, but many species names are based on words from other languages, Latinized. Once the manuscript has been accepted for publication, the new species name is created. Once a species name has been assigned and approved, it can not be changed except in the case of error. For example, a species of beetle was named by a German collector after Adolf Hitler in 1933 when he had become chancellor of Germany.
It is not clear whether such a dedication would be considered acceptable or appropriate today, but the name remains in use. Species names have been chosen on many different bases. Most common is a naming for the species' external appearance, its origin, or the species name is a dedication for a certain person. Examples would include a bat species named for the two stripes on its back, a frog named for its Bolivian origin, an ant species dedicated to the actor Harrison Ford. A scientific name in honor of a person or persons is a known as a taxonomic patronym. A number of humorous species names exist. Literary examples include the genus name Borogovia, named after the borogove, a mythical character from Lewis Carrol's poem "Jabberwocky". A second example, Macrocarpaea apparata was named after the magical spell "to apparate" from the Harry Potter novels by J. K. Rowling, as it seemed to appear out of nowhere. In 1975, the British naturalist Peter Scott proposed the binomial name Nessiteras rhombopteryx for the Loch Ness Monster.
Species have been named by scientists in recognition of supporters and benefactors. For example, the genus Victoria was named in honour of Queen Victoria of Great Britain. More a species of lemur was named after the actor John Cleese in recognition of his work to publicize the plight of lemurs in Madagascar. Non-profit ecological organizations may allow benefactors to name new species in exchange for financial support for taxonomic research and nature conservation. A German non-profit organisation, BIOPAT - Patrons for Biodiversity has raised more than $450,000 for research and conservation through sponsorship of over 100 species using this model. An individual example of this system is the Callicebus aureipalatii, named after the Golden Palace casino in recognition of a $650,000 contribution to the Madidi National Park in Bolivia in 2005; the International Code of Nomenclature for algae and plants discourages this practice somewhat: "Recommendation 20A. Authors forming generic names should comply with the following...
Not dedicate genera to persons quite unconcerned with botany, phycology, or natural science in general." Early biologists published entire volumes or multiple-volume works of descriptions in an attempt to catalog all known species. These catalogs featured extensive descriptions of each species and were illustrated upon reprinting; the first of these large catalogs was Aristotle's History of Animals, published around 343 B. C. Aristotle included descriptions of creatures fish and invertebrates, in his homeland, several mythological creatures rumored to live in far-away lands, such as the manticore. In 77 A. D. Pliny the Elder dedicated several volumes of his Natural History to the description of all life forms he knew to exist, he appears to have read Aristotle's work, since he writes about many of the same far-away mythological creatures. Toward the end of the 12th century, Konungs skuggsjá, an Old Norse philosophical didactic work, featured several descriptions of the whales and monsters of the Icelandic seas.
These descriptions were brief and erroneous, a description of the mermaid and a rare island-like sea monster called Hafgufu was included. The author was hesitant to mention the beast for fear of it
"Bush legs" is a prevailing term in the post-Soviet states that denotes chicken leg quarters from the United States. The expression first appeared in 1990 when Mikhail Gorbachev and George H. W. Bush signed a trade agreement about delivery of frozen chicken leg quarters to the USSR. In those times the USSR was experiencing food shortages and "Bush legs" enjoyed wide popularity; as of 2006, the United States was the largest supplier of chicken to Russia, with only 55% of purchased chicken being domestically raised, 35% imported from the US, 6% from Brazil and 4% from other countries in Europe. In 2005, the Russian and American governments signed an agreement where, until 2009, 74% of the chicken import quota would belong to American suppliers in return for the annual expansion of supplies by 40 thousand metric tons. White meat is more popular in the US, lowering the cost of exported dark meat. In 2010 Russian Chief Sanitary Inspector banned all chlorinated chicken. In 2014 all US meat was banned in Russia due to embargo.
In 2015 Russia covered all imported chicken by domestic meat. Official site of U. S. Poultry & Egg Association
The Song Book is an album by American jazz saxophonist Booker Ervin featuring performances recorded in 1964 for the Prestige label. The Allmusic review by Scott Yanow awarded the album 4 stars and stated " Ervin and his quartet come up with fresh interpretations of the warhorses. Booker Ervin never sounded like anyone else". "The Lamp Is Low" - 7:16 "Come Sunday" - 5:39 "All the Things You Are" - 5:21 "Just Friends" - 5:56 "Yesterdays" - 7:44 "Love Is Here to Stay" - 6:27 Booker Ervin - tenor saxophone Tommy Flanagan - piano Richard Davis - bass Alan Dawson - drums
Jason John is a male retired English athlete who competed in the sprinting events. John represented Great Britain at the 1992 Barcelona Olympics and won a silver medal in the 4 x 100 metres relay at the 1993 World Championships, he won a silver medal at the 1996 European Indoor Championships and reached the final at the 1993 World Indoor Championships. In addition, he represented his country at two World Championships, in 1993 and 1995, he represented England and won a bronze medal in the 4 x 100 metres relay event, at the 1994 Commonwealth Games in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Born in Birmingham, he attended Handsworth Grammar School, went on to become an English and P. Eteacher at Anthony Gell School. Outdoor 100 metres – 10.23 200 metres – 20.86 Indoor 60 metres – 6.60 200 metres – 21.25
Mercedes Gallego is a Spanish journalist and author who specializes in foreign policy and the coverage of conflicts and natural disasters. She has served as a foreign correspondent for various Spanish newspapers since 1994. In 2003 she was the only Spanish female journalist who covered the invasion of Iraq as an embedded journalist among the US troops, her experience as a female reporter in Iraq was captured in her non-fiction book Más allá de la batalla: una corresponsal de guerra en Irak, which uncovered the sexual abuses that she witnessed within the military. She coauthored the award-winning documentary Rape in the Ranks: the Enemy Within with Belgian reporter Pascal Bourgaux in 2009, she is the US Bureau Chief for Vocento Media Group and is a frequent guest of Channel NY1 Noticias as a political commentator on the show “Pura Política”. Mercedes Gallego was raised in Jerez de la Frontera, Spain, she completed a BA degree in journalism from the Complutense University of Madrid in 1994. Gallego started her career in Madrid as a reporter for musical magazines and community radio stations.
In 1991 she worked in the US for the first time as a reporter for Tiempo Latino, a Hispanic daily newspaper in San Francisco, California. After completing her degree in journalism she moved to Mexico, where she worked for several Mexican and Spanish television channels and newspapers, including Canal 22, Reforma, El País and El Correo, she arrived in Mexico in 1994, year of the Zapatista uprising in Chiapas, the political murders that tormented the country, the devaluation of the peso triggering the Tequila Crisis throughout Latin America. From 1994–1999 she covered the guerrillas in Guatemala, the political transition in Nicaragua, the devastation caused by hurricane Mitch in Honduras, Che Guevara's funeral in Cuba, among other events of international relevance. During the Kosovo bombing in 1999, Gallego was reassigned to New York City as US Bureau Chief for Vocento Media Group, she witnessed the September 11 attacks in 2001, the invasion of Iraq in 2003, Hurricane Katrina in 2005, the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, Hurricane Sandy in 2012, aside from every US election since 2000.
Gallego covered the 2003 invasion of Iraq as an embedded journalist. She was one of the five international journalists attached to the headquarters battalion of the US First Marine Division; the other four were representing Los Angeles Times and NPR radio. One of the fruits of this experience is her non-fiction book Más allá de la batalla: una corresponsal de guerra en Irak, which she dedicated to her best friend and fallen colleague Julio Anguita Parrado, it is a raw, first person narrative of the war that exposes sexual abuses within the military, four months before the US Congress required the Pentagon to conduct an official investigation. Gallego’s story was featured in the book Embedded by Bill Katovsky and Timothy Carlson. Since Gallego fights tirelessly to raise public awareness about human right abuses. For this work she has received awards from Intereconomía Radio, El País, the Messengers of Peace Association and a special mention from the Miguel Gil Foundation. In 2009 she coauthored the documentary Rape in the Ranks: The Enemy Within for France2 Télévision with Belgian reporter Pascale Bourgaux.
The 30-minute-film received the Bronze Remi Award at the 2009 Annual World Fest Houston International Film Festival and in 2010 the Best Investigative Documentary at the New York International Independent Film and Video Festival. Gallego has given numerous lectures in Spanish as well as American universities, she has shared the stage with Tim Robbins for a discussion of his play Embedded in New York City and is invited to comment on US politics in panels and international TV shows. She has been interviewed by NBC Telemundo, Telecinco, Antena 3, CNN+, ABC, El Periódico de Catalunya, El Nuevo Herald and her work has been reviewed and cited by many, she works in New York as the US Bureau Chief of the 13 syndicated newspapers of the Vocento Media Group, which reaches over 5 million readers in Spain, is a frequent guest of Channel NY1 Noticias as a political commentator on the show Pura Política. Mercedes Gallego has been the recipient of several prestigious awards. In 2003 she received the prize for Best Journalist of the Year by Intereconomía Radio and shared a special Ortega y Gasset Award from El País with other notable correspondents of the Iraq War.
In 2004 she was a recipient of the Pluma de la Paz presented by the Messengers of Peace Association. In 2007 she received a Special Mention of the Jury of the VI Miguel Gil Journalism Awards. Rape in the Ranks: The Enemy Within, the film she coauthored with Pascal Bourgaux, received the Bronze Remi Award at the 2009 Annual World Fest Houston International Film Festival and in 2010 the Best Investigative Documentary at the New York International Independent Film and Video Festival. Aside from her daily contributions to newspapers and other media, Mercedes Gallego has written a book and a documentary about her observations during the Iraq War and sexual abuses in the military in general: Gallego, Mercedes. Más allá de la batalla: Una corresponsal de guerra en Irak. Madrid: Temas De Hoy, 2003. Print. Rape in the Ranks: The Enemy Within. Directed by Pascal Bourgaux. France2, 2009. Film, she has collaborated with other authors in the publication of books on the subject: Albertini, Carlos Fresneda, Ana Alonso.
Julio Anguita Parrado: Batalla sin medalla. Madrid, España: Foca, 2004. Print. Katovsky and Timothy